WO2019026041A1 - A locking arrangement - Google Patents

A locking arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019026041A1
WO2019026041A1 PCT/IB2018/055851 IB2018055851W WO2019026041A1 WO 2019026041 A1 WO2019026041 A1 WO 2019026041A1 IB 2018055851 W IB2018055851 W IB 2018055851W WO 2019026041 A1 WO2019026041 A1 WO 2019026041A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
locking
container
door
retaining
lever
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IB2018/055851
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Derek Mark FLY
Original Assignee
Fly Derek Mark
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ZA201705241 priority Critical
Priority to ZA2017/05241 priority
Application filed by Fly Derek Mark filed Critical Fly Derek Mark
Publication of WO2019026041A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019026041A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B83/00Vehicle locks specially adapted for particular types of wing or vehicle
    • E05B83/02Locks for railway freight-cars, freight containers or the like; Locks for the cargo compartments of commercial lorries, trucks or vans
    • E05B83/08Locks for railway freight-cars, freight containers or the like; Locks for the cargo compartments of commercial lorries, trucks or vans with elongated bars for actuating the fastening means
    • E05B83/10Rotary bars
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/02Power-actuated vehicle locks characterised by the type of actuators used
    • E05B81/04Electrical
    • E05B81/08Electrical using electromagnets or solenoids

Abstract

This invention relates to a locking arrangement (10) for a door (12) of a goods container (100), to a goods container (100), and to a method of retrofitting a locking arrangement (10) to a goods container (100). The locking arrangement (10) comprises a locking member (20) which is pivotably mounted A to the container (100), more specifically to the container door (12). The locking member (20) is pivotably displaceable A about a pivot axis B between an engaged position whereby, when a lever (14 is in its locking position, the movement of the lever (14 is inhibited and the door (12) is locked, and a disengaged position wherein the lever (14 is permitted to move to open the door (12) via the bar (16) and cams (18). Retaining means (22) is provided for retaining the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B when the locking member (20) is in the engaged position, whereby displacement of the locking member (20) is restricted.

Description

A LOCKING ARRANGEMENT

INTRODUCTION TO THE INVENTION This invention relates to a locking arrangement. More particularly, but not exclusively, this invention relates to a locking arrangement for a door of a goods container, to a goods container, and to a method of retrofitting a locking arrangement to a goods container. BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION

Goods containers, such as cargo containers, typically have a rod and lever type lock for locking a door of the container. The lever is generally in the form of a latch and a catch is provided for receiving the latch. The latch is connected to the rod which has cams for locking the door of the container by pivotably displacing the rod with the latch and thereby causing the cams to engage complementary formations on the container in a known manner. A freely pivotably displaceable hasp is furthermore provided which is securable by a padlock, for example, to the catch to retain the latch in a locked position in order to prevent unauthorised access to the container.

The padlock, which is separate from the freely swinging hasp, is easily lost or damaged by thieves from outside the container without damaging or causing very little damage to the container itself. By relying on the usage of a padlock, it is also not possible to control access to the container from inside the container or from another remote location. OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide a locking arrangement, a goods container and a method of retrofitting a goods container with which the applicant believes the aforementioned problems may at least be alleviated, and/or which may provide a useful alternative to the known apparatuses and/or methods.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a locking arrangement for a door of a goods container which has a movable lever, the locking arrangement comprising:

a locking member which is pivotably mountable to the container in order to be pivotably displaceable about a pivot axis between an engaged position whereby movement of the lever is inhibited and the door is locked, and a disengaged position wherein the lever is permitted to move to open the door; and

retaining means for retaining the locking member at its pivot axis when the locking member is in the engaged position whereby displacement of the locking member is restricted.

The retaining means may retain the locking member from the inside of the container.

The locking member may be mountable to the container via a spindle which extends from the locking member and operatively through the container along the pivot axis. Preferably, the locking member may be mountable to the door of the container.

The retaining means may comprise any one of electrical, mechanical and electromechanical means for retaining the locking member at its pivot axis.

According to an example embodiment of the invention, the retaining means may be operable via a key.

The locking arrangement may further comprise displacement means for displacing the locking member between its engaged position and its disengaged position.

A catch may be provided for the lever to assist in inhibiting movement of the lever when the locking member is in its engaged position. The locking member may be mountable externally of the door, whereas the retaining means and/or the displacement means may be securable internally of the door.

According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a goods container comprising:

- a body defining a chamber inside the body for receiving goods;

a door which is movably mounted to the body;

a movable lever for locking the door, the lever being movable between a locking position wherein the door is locked, and an open position whereby the door is unlocked; and a locking arrangement for retaining the lever in its locking position, the locking arrangement comprising:

o a locking member which is pivotably mounted to the container and is pivotably displaceable about a pivot axis between an engaged position whereby movement of the lever is inhibited when the door is locked, and a disengaged position wherein the lever is permitted to move to open the door; and

o retaining means for retaining the locking member at its pivot axis when the locking member is in the engaged position whereby displacement of the locking member is restricted.

The locking member may be mounted to the container via a spindle which extends from the locking member and operatively through the container along the pivot axis. The locking arrangement may further comprise displacement means for displacing the locking member between its engaged position and its disengaged position.

The retaining means may retain the locking member from the inside of the container. The locking member may be mounted externally of the door, whereas the retaining means and/or displacement means may be secured internally of the door.

According to a third aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of retrofitting a locking arrangement to a goods container which has a door and a movable lever, the method comprising the steps of: mounting a locking member to the container to be pivotably displaceable about a pivot axis between an engaged position whereby movement of the lever is inhibited and the door is locked, and a disengaged position wherein the lever is permitted to move to open the door; and

- securing retaining means to the container for retaining the locking member at its pivot axis when the locking member is in the engaged position whereby displacement of the locking member is restricted.

The method may include the step of removing an existing hasp from the container to expose a hasp hole whereby the step of mounting the locking member to the container may include mounting the locking member to the hasp hole so that the locking member is pivotably movable about the hasp hole.

The method may include providing a spindle that is connected to the locking member for facilitating the pivotal displacement of the locking member about the hasp hole.

The locking member may be mounted externally of the door, whereas the retaining means may be securable internally of the door. These and other features of the invention are described in more detail below.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DIAGRAMS

The invention will now further be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying diagrams wherein: figure 1 is an exterior perspective view of a rear portion of a goods container having a door, a movable lever for operating the door, and a locking arrangement for locking the door in accordance with the invention; figure 2 is a rear view of the goods container of figure 1 ; figure 3 is an exterior perspective view of the locking arrangement as accordingly marked in figure 2, with the door not shown and a housing of the locking arrangement shown in broken lines to reveal internal components of the locking arrangement and with a locking member of the locking arrangement in an engaged position; figure 4 is an interior view of the goods container of figure 1 having at least part of the locking arrangement provided therein; figure 5 is an interior perspective view of the locking arrangement with the housing being shown in broken lines to reveal the internal components of the locking arrangement and with the locking member in the engaged position; and figures 6 & 7 are perspective views similar to those shown in figures 3 and 5 respectively, but illustrating the locking member in a disengaged position. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring to the figures, in which like features are indicated by like numerals, an example embodiment of a locking arrangement for a door of a goods container is generally designated by the reference numeral (10), and an example embodiment of a goods container is generally designated by the reference numeral (100) in figures 1 , 2 and 4.

Referring to figures 1 and 2, there is shown an example goods container (100). The container (100) comprises a body (1 10) defining a chamber (1 12) inside the body (1 10) for receiving goods (not shown). A door (12) is movably mounted to the container body (1 10) via hinges (1 14) for sealing off the chamber (1 12). According to this example embodiment, the container (100) includes two adjacent doors (12). A movable latch or lever (14) is also provided for locking the door (12) via a bar (16) and hooks or cams (18) to the container body (1 10). The lever (14), which is located outside the container (100), is movable between a locking position (shown in figures 3 and 5), wherein the door is locked, and an open position (shown in figures 6 and 7) whereby the door is unlocked. Also provided is a locking arrangement (10) for retaining the lever (14) in its locking position. The locking arrangement (10) comprises a locking member (20) which is pivotably mounted A to the container (100), more specifically to the container door (12). As indicated in figure 3, the locking member (20) is pivotably displaceable A about a pivot axis B between an engaged position (as shown in figures 3 and 5) whereby, when the lever (14) is in its locking position, the movement of the lever (14) is inhibited and the door (12) is locked, and a disengaged position (as shown in figures 6 and 7) wherein the lever (14) is permitted to move from its locking position to its open position to open the door (12) via the bar (16) and cams (18). Retaining means (22) is further provided for retaining the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B when the locking member (20) is in the engaged position, whereby displacement of the locking member (20) is restricted. A catch (21 ) is also provided for facilitating the inhibition of movement of the lever (14) when the door is locked. Hence, when the lever (14) is in its locking position and the locking member (20) in its engaged position, lateral movement of the lever (14) is restricted by the container door (12), locking member (20) and catch (21 ).

Referring to figure 3, the locking member (20) is preferably in the form of a hasp member and pivotably A mounted to the container (100), more specifically to the container door (12), via a spindle (24), which extends from the locking member (20) and operatively through the door (12). The spindle (24) is fast with the locking member (20). The spindle (24) may be integral to the locking member (20). The locking member (20) and spindle (24) are fitted to the container (100), for example after an existing freely pivoting hasp (not shown) has been removed from the container door (12), exposing a hasp hole (not shown) in the container (100), more specifically to the container door (12), about which the hasp rotates and along which the pivot axis B extends. Hence, the spindle (24) is pivotably A mounted in the hasp hole to enable pivotal displacement A of the locking member (20) about pivot axis B. The spindle (24) extends along the pivot axis B. Alternatively a hole may be drilled into the container (100), more specifically into the container door (12), along which the pivot axis A would then extend.

Referring to figures 4 and 5, the interior of the container (100) is shown with part of the locking arrangement (10) mounted to the operatively inside of the door (12). A housing (26) (shown in broken lines in figure 5) is provided for the locking arrangement (10). The housing (26) is mounted to the door (12), for example, by utilising blind bolts (40) and holes drilled into the door (12). The retaining means (22), via the spindle (24) which extends through the door (12), retains the locking member (20) in its engaged position from the inside of the container (100) at the pivot axis B.

In the example embodiment of the invention, the retaining means (22) comprises a mechanical cam (28) and a follower (30) with at least one slot (32) provided in the cam (28) for receiving the follower (30) when the locking member (20) is in the engaged position, as shown in figures 3 and 5. According to this example embodiment, the cam (28) includes a plurality of slots (32) which are circumferentially spaced about the cam (28). The retaining means (22) is provided interior of the door (12), whereas the locking member (20) is provided exterior of the door (12), thereby providing security and inhibiting tampering with the retaining means (22).

Biasing means is provided for biasing the cam (28) and/or follower (30) to a particular position. For example, first biasing means, in the form of a torsion spring (31 ), is provided for biasing the cam (28) to rotate in one direction about the pivot axis B and second biasing means, in the form of a coil spring (33) is provided for biasing the follower (30) towards the cam (28). The cam (28) is fast with the spindle (24) so that when the locking member (20) pivots, the cam (28) also pivots, and vice versa. Hence, the retaining means (22) retains the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B when the locking member (20) is in the engaged position for inhibiting movement of the lever (14). It will be understood that many other embodiments of the retaining means (22) are possible for retaining the locking member (20) at the pivot axis B.

Referring to figures 6 and 7, the retaining means (22) is operable from outside of the container (100), whereby the retaining means (22) could be manipulated between two configurations comprising, firstly, a retaining configuration (shown in figures 3 and 5) wherein it retains the locking member (20) in its engaged position, and secondly, a release configuration (shown in figures 6 and 7) wherein the locking member (20) is free to be displaced from its engaged position. In this instance, when the retaining means (22) changes from its retaining configuration to its release configuration, the rotation force exerted by the torsion spring (31 ) on the cam (28), causes the locking member (20) to automatically displace from its engaged position to its disengaged position. Accordingly, the locking member (20) is caused to be displaced from the inside of the container (100).

According to this embodiment, the retaining means (22) is operable via a key (34) utilising a barrel (36) which extends through the door (12). Alternatively, an electronic lock and suitable buttons or other control means (for example at a remote location from the locking arrangement (10) may be used instead of the key (34) and barrel (36). Displacement means (38) is further provided for displacing the locking member (20) between the engaged position and the disengaged position. The displacement means (38) may for example be in the form of a solenoid. Hence, when an operator turns the key (34), the follower (30) is retracted from the slot (32) by the solenoid (38) against the bias of the coil spring (33), whereby the cam (28) is free to be displaced and, accordingly, the locking member (20) is also freed to be displaced from the engaged position. The torsion spring (31 ), which is connected to the cam (28), is arranged so that when the follower (30) is retracted and freed as aforementioned, the cam (28), spindle (24) and the locking member (20) are automatically urged from their respective positions shown in figures 3 and 5 to their respective positions shown in figures 6 and 7, so that the locking member (20) adopts the disengaged position, thereby freeing the lever (14). The solenoid (38) may also be substituted by an appropriate spring or other biasing means or other displacement means. The displacement means (38), which is located inside the container (100), thus causes the locking member (20) to be displaced from its engaged position to its disengaged position.

The applicant believes that the present invention presents a unique option for additional security to be achieved from the inside of a container door. Additionally, even when the invention is retrofitted onto an existing container, the integrity of the existing locking assembly remains completely intact. The invention may thus achieve the augmented door security by utilizing an existing hole in the container. Thus, the turning motion of an existing container locking assembly is deliberately duplicated in the rotatory motion inherent to the invention. It will be appreciated that there are many variations in detail on the invention as herein defined and/or described without departing from the scope and spirit of this disclosure. For example, the locking member (20) may be mountable to parts other than the door (12) of the container (100), such as to the body (1 10). In the example embodiment of the invention depicted in the figures, the locking arrangement (10) is retro-fitted to an existing goods container (100). However, the locking arrangement (10) may be installed into the goods container (100) during manufacturing thereof. A faceplate may also be provided on the outer side of the door, to cover some of the components of the locking arrangement (10).

It will further be understood that the retaining means and/or the displacement means may be electrical or mechanical or electro-mechanical means for retaining the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B. The solenoid (38) may, for example, be replaced by a suitable motor with gears, one or more springs, or the like. A controller (not shown) may also be provided which is operable to control the operation of the locking arrangement (10). The control may be performed via electrical cables (e.g. from inside a vehicle transporting the goods container (100), alternatively the control may be performed wirelessly, for example via Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) or the like. A GSM modem may be connected to the controller for this purpose which wirelessly connects to a backend in known manner. A Global Positioning System (GPS) device or other location determining device and a clock may also be connected to the controller. Hence, an operator of the backend may be enabled to track where and when the locking arrangement is utilized and where and when the locking member was opened to the disengaged position. Geo-fencing techniques and/or location-based restrictions may be remotely applied to restrict opening of the locking member in certain pre-determined locations and/or to enable opening only in other pre-determined locations.

It may also be possible to disengage the locking member (20) from the backend, in which example embodiment the key (34), and associated components, may be omitted. It will be appreciated that the locking member (20) may also be utilised in combination with a conventional padlock (not shown) or the like from outside the container (100) for additional security. It will further be appreciated that the foregoing example embodiment has been provided merely for the purposes of explanation and is in no way to be construed as limiting of the present invention. While the present invention has been described with reference to the exemplary embodiment only, it is understood that the words which have been used herein are words of description and illustration, rather than words of limitation. The present invention is also not intended to be limited to the particulars disclosed herein. Rather, the present invention extends to all functionally equivalent structures, methods and uses, such as are within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims

1 . A locking arrangement (10) for a door (12) of a goods container (100) which has a movable lever (14), the locking arrangement (10) comprising:
a locking member (20) which is pivotably A mountable to the container (100) in order to be pivotably displaceable A about a pivot axis B between an engaged position whereby movement of the lever (14) is inhibited and the door (12) is locked, and a disengaged position wherein the lever (14) is permitted to move to open the door (12); and
retaining means (22) for retaining the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B when the locking member (20) is in the engaged position whereby displacement A of the locking member (20) is restricted.
2. The locking arrangement (10) of claim 1 , wherein the retaining means (22) retains the locking member (20) from the inside of the container (100).
3. The locking arrangement (10) of claim 1 or 2, wherein the locking member (20) is mountable to the container (100) via a spindle (24) which extends from the locking member (20) and operatively through the container (100) along the pivot axis B.
4. The locking arrangement (10) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the locking member (20) is mountable to the door (12) of the container (100).
5. The locking arrangement (10) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the retaining means (22) comprises any one of electrical, mechanical and electromechanical means for retaining the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B.
The locking arrangement (10) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the retaining means (22) is operable via a key.
The locking arrangement (10) of any one of the preceding claims, including displacement means (38) for displacing the locking member (20) between its engaged position and its disengaged position.
8. The locking arrangement (10) of any one of the preceding claims, including a catch (21 ) for the lever (14) to assist in inhibiting movement of the lever (14) when the locking member (20) is in its engaged position.
9. The locking arrangement (10) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the locking member (20) is mountable externally of the door (12), whereas the retaining means (22) is securable internally of the door (12).
A goods container (100) comprising:
a body (1 10) defining a chamber (1 12) inside the body (1 10) for receiving goods;
a door (12) which is movably mounted to the body (1 10); a movable lever (14) for locking the door (12), the lever (14) being movable between a locking position wherein the door (12) is locked, and an open position whereby the door (12) is unlocked; and
a locking arrangement (10) for retaining the lever (14) in its locking position, the locking arrangement (10) comprising:
o a locking member (20) which is pivotably A mounted to the container (100) and is pivotably displaceable A about a pivot axis B between an engaged position whereby movement of the lever (14) is inhibited when the door (12) is locked, and a disengaged position wherein the lever (14) is permitted to move to open the door (12); and
o retaining means (22) for retaining the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B when the locking member (20) is in the engaged position whereby displacement of the locking member (20) is restricted.
The goods container (100) of claim (10), wherein the locking member (20) is mounted to the container (100) via a spindle (24) which extends from the locking member (20) and operatively through the container (100) along the pivot axis B.
The goods container (100) of claim 10 or 1 1 , wherein the locking arrangement (10) further comprises displacement means (38) for displacing the locking member (20) between its engaged position and its disengaged position.
13. The goods container (100) of any one of claims 10 to 12, wherein the retaining means (22) retains the locking member (20) from the inside of the container (100).
14. The goods container (100) of any one of claims 10 to 13, wherein the locking member (20) is mounted externally of the door (12), whereas the retaining means (22) is secured internally of the door (12).
15. A method of retrofitting a locking arrangement (10) to a goods container (100) which has a door (12) and a movable lever (14, the method comprising the steps of:
mounting a locking member (20) to the container (100) to be pivotably displaceable A about a pivot axis B between an engaged position whereby movement of the lever (14 is inhibited and the door (12) is locked, and a disengaged position wherein the lever (14 is permitted to move to open the door (12); and
securing retaining means (22) to the container (100) for retaining the locking member (20) at its pivot axis B when the locking member (20) is in the engaged position whereby displacement A of the locking member (20) is restricted.
16. The method of claim 15, including removing an existing hasp from the container (100) to expose a hasp hole, whereby the step of mounting the locking member (20) to the container (100) includes mounting the locking member (20) to the hasp hole so that the locking member (20) is pivotably movable A about the hasp hole.
17. The method of claim 15 or 16, including providing a spindle (24 that is connected to the locking member (20) for facilitating the pivotal displacement A of the locking member (20) about the hasp hole.
18. The method of any one of claims 15 to 17, wherein the locking member (20) is mounted externally of the door (12), whereas the retaining means (22) is securable internally of the door (12).
19. The locking arrangement (10) of claim 1 , substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying figures.
20. The goods container (100) of claim 10, substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying figures.
21 . The method of claim 15, substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying figures.
PCT/IB2018/055851 2017-08-03 2018-08-03 A locking arrangement WO2019026041A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ZA201705241 2017-08-03
ZA2017/05241 2017-08-03

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2019026041A1 true WO2019026041A1 (en) 2019-02-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IB2018/055851 WO2019026041A1 (en) 2017-08-03 2018-08-03 A locking arrangement

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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016093544A1 (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-06-16 (주) 포유엔지니어링 Inner lock of container door

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016093544A1 (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-06-16 (주) 포유엔지니어링 Inner lock of container door

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