WO2018121576A1 - Automatic door device and refrigerator having same - Google Patents

Automatic door device and refrigerator having same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2018121576A1
WO2018121576A1 PCT/CN2017/118883 CN2017118883W WO2018121576A1 WO 2018121576 A1 WO2018121576 A1 WO 2018121576A1 CN 2017118883 W CN2017118883 W CN 2017118883W WO 2018121576 A1 WO2018121576 A1 WO 2018121576A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
gear
electric
clutch
sub
door opening
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2017/118883
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
费斌
程学丽
尚亚洲
Original Assignee
青岛海尔股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201611227857.2A priority Critical patent/CN106642947B/en
Priority to CN201611227857.2 priority
Application filed by 青岛海尔股份有限公司 filed Critical 青岛海尔股份有限公司
Publication of WO2018121576A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018121576A1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/02Doors; Covers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/02Doors; Covers
    • F25D23/028Details
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D2201/00Insulation
    • F25D2201/30Insulation with respect to sound
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D2323/00General constructional features not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F25D2323/02Details of doors or covers not otherwise covered

Abstract

An automatic door device (100) and a refrigerator having the same. The automatic door device (100) comprises a base, a driving source component (2), a transmission device, and a push device (4). The push device (4) comprises a push rod (41) and a first elastic component (42). The transmission device comprises an electrical parent gear (311), an electrical slave gear (312), and an electrical clutch (313). Upon receiving a door opening signal, the electrical master gear (311) and the electrical slave gear (312) are detachably fixed to each other via the electrical clutch (313), and the driving source component (2) drives the master gear (311) to subsequently drive the electrical slave gear (312) to operate in a transmission state. Upon completion of opening a door, the electrical master gear (311) and the electrical slave gear (312) are detached from each other via the electrical clutch (313) to exit the transmission state.

Description

自动开门装置及具有该装置的冰箱Automatic door opening device and refrigerator having the same
本申请要求了申请日为2016年12月27日,申请号为201611227857.2,发明名称为“自动开门装置及具有该装置的冰箱”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。The present application claims the priority of the Chinese patent application entitled "Automatic door opening device and refrigerator having the device", the application date is December 27, 2016, the application number is 201611227857.2, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. in.
技术领域Technical field
本发明属于家用电器制造技术领域,特别涉及一种自动开门装置及具有该装置的冰箱。The invention belongs to the technical field of household appliance manufacturing, and in particular relates to an automatic door opening device and a refrigerator having the same.
背景技术Background technique
目前市场上中高档冰箱相对较大,其中的门体、其载荷的重量及门体或抽屉式门体的门封吸力较大,越来越多的用户反馈冰箱门体不易开启。针对此问题,出现了电动开启装置。At present, the medium and high-grade refrigerators on the market are relatively large, and the weight of the door body, the load thereof and the door seal of the door body or the drawer type door body are relatively large, and more and more users feedback that the refrigerator door body is not easy to open. In response to this problem, an electric opening device has appeared.
现有的电动开启装置,在开启门体的过程中,电机驱动丝杆正转,丝杆啮合齿轮组件,进而带动齿条推杆驱动门体打开;当开门完成后,电机驱动丝杆反转,丝杆啮合齿轮组件,进而带动齿条推杆复位;该种电动开启装置,在齿条复位过程中,齿轮组件需要再次啮合丝杆,噪音较大。In the existing electric opening device, in the process of opening the door body, the motor drives the screw rod to rotate forward, the screw rod meshes with the gear assembly, and then drives the rack push rod to drive the door body to open; when the door is opened, the motor drives the screw rod to reverse The screw gear meshes with the gear assembly, thereby driving the rack push rod to be reset; in the electric opening device, during the rack resetting process, the gear assembly needs to mesh the screw rod again, and the noise is large.
因此,有必要提供一种改进的自动开门装置及具有该装置的冰箱以解决上述问题。Therefore, it is necessary to provide an improved automatic door opening device and a refrigerator having the same to solve the above problems.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种自动开门装置及具用该装置的冰箱。It is an object of the present invention to provide an automatic door opening device and a refrigerator having the same.
为实现上述发明目的之一,本发明一实施方式提供了一种自动开门装置,用于自动开启冰箱的门体;包括:基座,固定于所述基座内的驱动源构件,用以推动所述门体打开的推动件,以及用于啮合所述驱动源构件与推动件的传动体;In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention provides an automatic door opening device for automatically opening a door of a refrigerator, and a base, a driving source member fixed in the base for pushing a pushing member for opening the door body, and a transmission body for engaging the driving source member and the pushing member;
所述推动件包括:推动杆以及连接所述推动杆并远离所述门体设置的第一弹性元件;The pushing member includes: a pushing rod and a first elastic member connected to the pushing rod and disposed away from the door body;
所述传动体包括:电动离合齿轮组;所述电动离合齿轮组包括啮合所述驱动源构件的电动母齿轮,啮合所述推动件设置的电动子齿轮,以及用于选择性连接所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮的电动离合件;The transmission body includes: an electric clutch gear set; the electric clutch gear set includes an electric female gear that meshes with the drive source member, a rotor sub-gear that is engaged with the pusher, and is used for selectively connecting the electric motor a gear and an electric clutch of the motor sub-gear;
接收到门体开启信号时,所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮通过所述电动离合件可拆卸地固定连接,所述驱动源构件驱动所述电动母齿轮带动所述电动子齿轮处于传动状态,以驱动所述推动杆向所述基座外运动以打开所述门体,并给所述第一弹性元件施加一朝向所述门体远端的作用力;Receiving the door opening signal, the electric female gear and the electric sub gear are detachably fixedly connected by the electric clutch, and the driving source member drives the electric main gear to drive the electric sub gear to be driven a state to drive the push rod to move outside the base to open the door body and apply a force to the first elastic member toward the distal end of the door body;
所述门体开启完成后,所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮通过所述电动离合件脱离传动状态,所述电动母齿轮处于静止状态,所述第一弹性元件对所述推动杆施加一张紧力,使所述推动杆向所述基座内运动,并带动所述电动子齿轮反向旋转。After the door body is opened, the electric female gear and the electric sub-gear are disengaged from the transmission state by the electric clutch, the electric main gear is in a static state, and the first elastic element applies to the push rod. A pressing force moves the push rod into the base and drives the rotor gear to rotate in the reverse direction.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述电动离合件包括:相互抵接设置的电动离合器和电动离合片;As a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, the electric clutch member includes: an electric clutch and an electric clutch plate which are arranged to abut each other;
所述电动离合器与所述电动子齿轮可拆卸地连接,所述电动离合片与所述电动母齿轮可拆卸地连接;The electric clutch is detachably coupled to the motor sub-gear, and the electric clutch plate is detachably coupled to the electric female gear;
接收到门体开启信号时,所述电动离合器和电动离合片相互吸附,以使所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮可拆卸地固定连接;Receiving the door opening signal, the electric clutch and the electric clutch plate are mutually attracted to detachably fix the electric female gear and the electric sub gear;
所述门体开启完成后,所述电动离合器和电动离合片相互分离,以使所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮脱离传动状态。After the door body is opened, the electric clutch and the electric clutch plate are separated from each other to disengage the electric female gear and the electric sub-gear from the transmission state.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述电动母齿轮的啮合半径大于所述电动子齿轮的啮合半径;所述电动母齿轮的啮合齿的数量大于所述电动子齿轮的啮合齿的数量。As a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, the meshing radius of the electric female gear is greater than the meshing radius of the rotor gear; the number of meshing teeth of the electric female gear is greater than the number of meshing teeth of the rotor gear.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述电动子齿轮包括:电动子齿轮啮合部,以及从所述电动子齿轮啮合部延伸出的电动子齿轮连接部;As a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, the rotor gear includes: a rotor gear engagement portion, and a rotor gear connection extending from the rotor gear engagement portion;
所述电动子齿轮啮合部外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;a plurality of meshing teeth are disposed on an outer wall of the meshing gear meshing portion;
所述电动子齿轮连接部包括:从所述电动子齿轮啮合部延伸出的第一连接部;从所述第一连接部延伸出的第二连接部;The motor sub-gear connecting portion includes: a first connecting portion extending from the rotor-gear engaging portion; and a second connecting portion extending from the first connecting portion;
所述电动子齿轮啮合部、第一连接部以及第二连接部同轴设置;所述第一连接部的径向直径大于所述第二连接部的径向直径;The rotor gear meshing portion, the first connecting portion and the second connecting portion are coaxially disposed; the radial diameter of the first connecting portion is larger than the radial diameter of the second connecting portion;
所述电动子齿轮啮合部啮合所述推动杆设置;The rotor gear engagement portion engages the push rod arrangement;
所述电动母齿轮部分契合并套接于所述第一连接部;The electric female gear portion is merged and sleeved to the first connecting portion;
所述电动离合片契合并套接于所述第一连接部远离所述电动子齿轮啮合部的端部;The electric clutch piece is sleeved and sleeved at an end of the first connecting portion away from the gear portion of the motor sub-gear;
所述电动离合器契合并套接于所述第二连接部。The electric clutch is coupled to the second connecting portion.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述第二连接部远离所述电动子齿轮啮合部的一端开设有第一定位凹槽;As a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, a first positioning groove is defined in an end of the second connecting portion away from the gear portion of the motor sub-gear;
所述电动离合齿轮组还包括一止挡圈,所述止挡圈的外径大于所述第二连接部的外径,所述止挡圈契合设置于所述第一定位凹槽内,所述止挡圈的其中一个端面与所述电动离合器的一个端面相抵接。The electric clutch gear set further includes a retaining ring, the outer diameter of the retaining ring is larger than the outer diameter of the second connecting portion, and the retaining ring is disposed in the first positioning groove. One of the end faces of the retaining ring abuts against an end surface of the electric clutch.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述第二连接部上还开设一止挡凹槽;As a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, a stopper groove is further formed on the second connecting portion;
所述电动离合器为环状圆柱体,其环状圆柱体内壁面上、向所述电动离合器的中轴方向延伸出至少一个止挡片;The electric clutch is an annular cylinder, and at least one stop piece extends toward the central axis of the electric clutch on the annular cylinder inner wall surface;
所述止挡凹槽与所述止挡片相互契合。The stop groove and the stop piece are in engagement with each other.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述电动母齿轮包括:与所述驱动源构件齿合的电动母齿轮啮合部,以及契合套设于所述第一连接部上的电动母齿轮连接部;According to a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, the electric female gear includes: an electric female gear meshing portion that meshes with the driving source component, and an electric female gear connecting portion that is sleeved on the first connecting portion;
所述电动母齿轮啮合部的的截面直径为圆环形,其外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;The cross section diameter of the electric female gear meshing portion is a circular ring shape, and a plurality of meshing teeth are disposed on an outer wall thereof;
所述电动母齿轮连接部的截面直径为圆环形,其部分契合插接固定在所述电动母齿轮啮合部内壁上,部分突出于所述电动母齿轮啮合部外。The electric female gear connecting portion has a circular cross section, and is partially inserted and fixed on the inner wall of the electric female gear meshing portion, and partially protrudes outside the electric female gear meshing portion.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述电动母齿轮连接部插接在所述电动母齿轮啮合部的一端面上设置连接卡槽,以及限位凸起;As a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, the electric female gear connecting portion is inserted into one end surface of the electric female gear meshing portion to provide a connecting card slot, and a limiting protrusion;
所述电动离合片靠近所述电动母齿轮的一侧设置有至少一个连接卡勾,所述电动离合片的外壁上开设至少一个限位凹槽;One side of the electric clutch plate is disposed on one side of the electric motor gear, and at least one connecting hook is disposed on the outer wall of the electric clutch plate.
所述连接卡槽和所述连接卡勾相互契合连接;The connecting card slot and the connecting hook are connected to each other;
所述限位凸起和所述限位凹槽相互契合。The limiting protrusion and the limiting groove are matched with each other.
作为本发明实施方式的进一步改进,所述传动体还包括:至少一组传动轮;As a further improvement of the embodiment of the present invention, the transmission body further includes: at least one set of transmission wheels;
所述传动轮同时与所述推动件和所述电动离合齿轮组相啮合;The transmission wheel simultaneously meshes with the pushing member and the electric clutch gear set;
和/或所述传动轮同时与所述电动离合齿轮组和所述驱动源构件相啮合。And/or the drive wheel simultaneously meshes with the electric clutch gear set and the drive source member.
为了实现上述发明目的之一,本发明一实施方式提供一种冰箱,所述冰箱包括:具有间室的箱体、设置在箱体上的抽屉以及打开或关闭间室的门体,所述冰箱还设置有用以打开所述抽屉或门体的如上所述的自动开门装置。In order to achieve one of the above objects, an embodiment of the present invention provides a refrigerator including: a cabinet having a compartment, a drawer disposed on the cabinet, and a door body opening or closing the compartment, the refrigerator An automatic door opening device as described above is also provided to open the drawer or door.
相对于现有技术,本发明的技术效果在于:本发明的自动开门装置,通过在推动件中设置第一弹性元件,可以在推动件驱动门体打开后,自动复位到初始状态;进一步的,通过设置电动离合齿轮组,能够避免推动件在复位过程中,间接对驱动源构件产生的噪音,同时,上述结构的自动开门装置,在门体打开后,无需电动驱动推动件复位,降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本,获得良好的用户体验,方便用户操作控制。Compared with the prior art, the technical effect of the present invention is that the automatic door opening device of the present invention can automatically reset to the initial state after the pusher drives the door body to open by providing the first elastic member in the pushing member; further, By providing the electric clutch gear set, it is possible to avoid the noise generated by the driving member indirectly during the resetting process. At the same time, the automatic door opening device of the above structure does not need to be electrically driven to push the reset member after the door body is opened, thereby reducing the automatic opening of the door. The power consumption and component cost of the device achieve a good user experience and facilitate user operation control.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明第一实施方式的自动开门装置的去除盖体时的结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural view of a door opening device of an automatic door opening device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
图2是本发明第一实施方式的自动开门装置的去除盒体时的结构示意图;2 is a schematic structural view of the automatic door opening device of the first embodiment of the present invention when the casing is removed;
图3是本发明第一实施方式的自动开门装置的爆炸结构示意图;3 is a schematic exploded view of an automatic door opening device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
图4是本发明第一实施方式中电动离合装置的结构示意图;4 is a schematic structural view of an electric clutch device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
图5是图4的爆炸结构示意图;Figure 5 is a schematic view of the exploded structure of Figure 4;
图6是图4的另一方向的爆炸结构示意图;Figure 6 is a schematic exploded view of the other direction of Figure 4;
图7是本发明第二实施方式中机械离合装置在初始状态下的结构示意图;7 is a schematic structural view of a mechanical clutch device in an initial state in a second embodiment of the present invention;
图8是本发明第二实施方式中机械离合装置在打开门体过程中的结构示意图;8 is a schematic structural view of a mechanical clutch device in a process of opening a door body according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
图9是本发明第二实施方式中机械离合装置的爆炸结构示意图;9 is a schematic exploded view of a mechanical clutch device according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
图10是图9的另一方向的爆炸结构示意图;Figure 10 is a schematic exploded view of the other direction of Figure 9;
图11是本发明第三实施方式的自动开门装置的去除基座时的结构示意图;Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the structure of the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment of the present invention when the base is removed;
图12是本发明第四实施方式的自动开门装置的去除基座时的结构示意图;Figure 12 is a schematic view showing the structure of the automatic door opening device of the fourth embodiment of the present invention when the base is removed;
图13是本发明第五实施方式的自动开门装置的去除基座时的结构示意图。Fig. 13 is a view showing the structure of the automatic door opening device according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention when the base is removed.
图14是本发明应用有第一实施方式、第二实施方式其中至少之一的自动开启装置的冰箱的部分结构示意图;14 is a partial structural schematic view of a refrigerator to which the automatic opening device of at least one of the first embodiment and the second embodiment is applied;
图15是本发明应用有第三实施方式、第四实施方式、第五第二实施方式其中至少之一的自动开启装置的冰箱的部分结构示意图。15 is a partial structural schematic view of a refrigerator to which an automatic opening device of at least one of the third embodiment, the fourth embodiment, and the fifth embodiment is applied.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下将结合附图所示的各实施方式对本发明进行详细描述。但这些实施方式并不限制本发明,本领域的普通技术人员根据这些实施方式所做出的结构、方法、或功能上的变换均包含在本发明的保护范围内。The present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with the embodiments shown in the drawings. However, the embodiments are not intended to limit the invention, and the structural, method, or functional changes made by those skilled in the art in accordance with the embodiments are included in the scope of the present invention.
结合图1至图3所示为本发明自动开门装置100的一较佳实施例,本发明自动开门装置100可应用至任何需要采用电动开启的设备,如冰箱上,并安装于设备的门体或抽屉的门体后方,以通过顶推方式使设备的门体或者设备上抽屉的门体打开。1 to 3 show a preferred embodiment of the automatic door opening device 100 of the present invention. The automatic door opening device 100 of the present invention can be applied to any device that needs to be electrically opened, such as a refrigerator, and is installed on the door of the device. Or behind the door of the drawer, to open the door of the device or the door of the drawer on the device by pushing.
所述自动开门装置100包括基座、固定于基座内的驱动源构件2、部分活动设置于所述基座内,用以推动所述门体打开的推动件4,以及设置于所述驱动源构件2与推动件4之间的传动体;需要说明的是,在本发明的具体实施方式中,所述自动开门装置100还包括控制板5,以用于接收门体开启信号,进而控制自动开门装置运转,以下将会详细说明。The automatic door opening device 100 includes a base, a driving source member 2 fixed in the base, a pushing member 4 partially movably disposed in the base for pushing the door body to be opened, and being disposed on the driving The transmission body between the source member 2 and the pushing member 4; in the embodiment of the present invention, the automatic door opening device 100 further includes a control panel 5 for receiving the door opening signal, thereby controlling The automatic door opening device operates, which will be described in detail below.
所述传动体包括:相互选择性连接的两部分,分别为第一部分和第二部分,所述第一部分与所述驱动源构件2相接,所述第二部分与所述推动件4相接;接收到门体开启信号时,所述传动体的第一部分和第二部分连接为传动状态,所述驱动源构件2驱动所述传动体运动,以驱动所述推动件4向所述门体方向运动以打开所述门体;所述门体开启完成后,所述传动体的第一部分和第二部分脱离传动状态,所述第一部分保持静止状态,所述推动件4向远离门体方向运动,并驱动所述传动体的第二部分运动。The transmission body includes: two portions selectively connected to each other, respectively a first portion and a second portion, the first portion is in contact with the driving source member 2, and the second portion is connected to the pushing member 4 Receiving the door opening signal, the first portion and the second portion of the transmission body are connected to a transmission state, and the driving source member 2 drives the transmission body to drive the pushing member 4 to the door body Directional movement to open the door body; after the door body is opened, the first portion and the second portion of the transmission body are disengaged from the transmission state, the first portion is kept in a stationary state, and the pushing member 4 is away from the door body Moving and driving the second portion of the transmission.
所述基座为一矩形盒体状结构,其包括相互扣合的盒体11和盖体12、以及形成在盒体11和盖体12之间的容置腔(未图示)。所述盒体11具有朝向盖体12的底壁(未图示)以及自底壁四周分别朝盖体12方向延伸形成的周壁。所述周壁包括相对设置的前壁(未图示)和后壁,以及相对设置的两个侧壁(未图示)。所述前壁形成有供所述推动件4伸出的开口111。The base is a rectangular box-like structure including a case body 11 and a cover body 12 that are engaged with each other, and a receiving cavity (not shown) formed between the case body 11 and the cover body 12. The casing 11 has a bottom wall (not shown) facing the lid body 12 and a peripheral wall extending from the periphery of the bottom wall toward the lid body 12, respectively. The peripheral wall includes oppositely disposed front walls (not shown) and a rear wall, and opposite side walls (not shown). The front wall is formed with an opening 111 through which the pusher 4 projects.
本发明优选实施方式中,所述开口111靠近盒体11的其中任一侧壁设置,以合理利用所述基座的内部空间。盒体11的两个所述侧壁与后壁相邻的一端还分别向外延伸有螺钉固定孔(未图示),所述盖体12设有与所述螺钉固定孔对应设置的穿孔,以供螺钉(未图示)穿过而将盒体11和盖体12固定在一起,同时将本发明自动开启装置100固定在相应设备上。In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the opening 111 is disposed adjacent to any one of the side walls of the casing 11 to properly utilize the internal space of the base. An end of the two side walls of the casing 11 adjacent to the rear wall further extends outwardly with a screw fixing hole (not shown), and the cover body 12 is provided with a through hole corresponding to the screw fixing hole. The case 11 and the cover 12 are fixed together by screws (not shown) while the automatic opening device 100 of the present invention is fixed to the corresponding device.
盒体11的底壁在靠近两个侧壁其中之一位置处突设有一前后延伸的长条型的导向槽112,所述导向槽112一端对应开口111设置;在靠近盒体11的后壁的位置处设置有一电机固定槽113,在所述导向槽112同侧设置有第一转轴114、第二转轴115和第三转轴116。所述第一转轴114、所述第二转轴115和第三转轴116轴心连接为 三角形,其中所述第一转轴114靠近电机固定槽113;所述第三转轴116靠近长条型导向槽112。盒体11的底壁上还设置一电机固定块117,该电机固定块117与电机固定槽113配合,以限定驱动源构件2的位置;盒体的底壁上且靠近后壁的位置还设置的支架118,该支架118与导向槽112配合,限定推动件4的位置。The bottom wall of the casing 11 protrudes from a position adjacent to one of the two side walls with a longitudinally extending elongated guide groove 112. One end of the guide groove 112 is disposed corresponding to the opening 111; near the rear wall of the casing 11. A motor fixing groove 113 is disposed at a position, and a first rotating shaft 114, a second rotating shaft 115 and a third rotating shaft 116 are disposed on the same side of the guiding groove 112. The first rotating shaft 114, the second rotating shaft 115 and the third rotating shaft 116 are axially connected in a triangle shape, wherein the first rotating shaft 114 is adjacent to the motor fixing groove 113; the third rotating shaft 116 is adjacent to the elongated guiding groove 112. . A motor fixing block 117 is further disposed on the bottom wall of the casing 11, and the motor fixing block 117 cooperates with the motor fixing groove 113 to define the position of the driving source member 2; the bottom wall of the casing is also disposed near the rear wall. The bracket 118 cooperates with the guiding slot 112 to define the position of the pushing member 4.
在本实施方式中,所述驱动源构件2包括固定设置在基座的电机固定槽113内的电机21、架设在电机固定块117上且设置在电机21输出端的蜗杆22;电机21工作时,蜗杆22与传动体相啮合,以在电机21工作时通过蜗杆22带动传动体,进而带动推动件4开启所述门体。In the present embodiment, the driving source member 2 includes a motor 21 fixedly disposed in the motor fixing groove 113 of the base, a worm 22 mounted on the motor fixing block 117 and disposed at the output end of the motor 21; The worm 22 meshes with the transmission body to drive the transmission body through the worm 22 when the motor 21 is in operation, thereby driving the pushing member 4 to open the door body.
本实施方式中,所述推动件4包括:活动设置于所述长条形导向槽112内,且靠近所述开口111设置的推动杆41,以及一端连接于所述推动杆41,另一端靠近所述长条形导向槽112远离开口111一端设置的第一弹性元件42;所述推动杆41靠近所述传动体的一侧设置有直线齿条,以与所述传动体4相啮合;所述第一弹性元件42的一端固定在所述支架118上,当然,在本发明的其他实施方式中,所述第一弹性元件42的另一端也可以固定连接在所述长条形导向槽112内,在此不做详细赘述。In this embodiment, the pushing member 4 includes: a pushing rod 41 disposed in the elongated guiding groove 112 and disposed adjacent to the opening 111, and one end connected to the pushing rod 41 and the other end being close to The elongated guiding groove 112 is away from the first elastic member 42 disposed at one end of the opening 111; a side of the pushing rod 41 adjacent to the transmission body is provided with a linear rack to mesh with the transmission body 4; One end of the first elastic member 42 is fixed to the bracket 118. Of course, in other embodiments of the present invention, the other end of the first elastic member 42 may also be fixedly coupled to the elongated guide slot 112. Inside, we will not go into details here.
接收到门体开启信号时,所述推动杆41带动所述第一弹性元件42向所述基座外运动以打开所述门体,所述第一弹性元件42对所述推动杆41施加一朝向所述基座内的作用力;所述门体开启完成后,所述第一弹性元件42对所述推动杆41施加一张紧力,以带动所述推动杆向所述基座内运动。When the door opening signal is received, the pushing rod 41 drives the first elastic member 42 to move outside the base to open the door body, and the first elastic member 42 applies a force to the pushing rod 41. a force acting in the base; after the door body is opened, the first elastic member 42 applies a pressing force to the push rod 41 to drive the push rod to move into the base .
结合图3至图6所示,本发明第一实施方式中,所述传动体包括:活动套设于所述第一转轴114上的电动离合齿轮组31;所述电动离合齿轮组31包括啮合所述驱动源构件2的电动母齿轮311,啮合所述推动件4设置的电动子齿轮312,以及用于选择性连接所述电动母齿轮311和所述电动子齿轮312的电动离合件313。As shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 6 , in the first embodiment of the present invention, the transmission body includes: an electric clutch gear set 31 that is sleeved on the first rotating shaft 114; the electric clutch gear set 31 includes an engagement. The electric motor gear 311 of the drive source member 2 engages the motor sub-gear 312 provided by the pusher 4, and an electric clutch member 313 for selectively connecting the electric motor gear 311 and the motor sub-gear 312.
其中,当接收到门体开启信号时,所述驱动源构件2和所述电动离合件313同时接通电源,所述电动母齿轮311和所述电动子齿轮312通过所述电动离合件313可拆卸地固定连接,所述驱动源构件2驱动所述电动母齿轮311带动所述电动子齿轮312处于传动状态,以驱动所述推动杆41向所述基座外运动以打开所述门体,并给所述第一弹性元件42施加一朝向所述基座内的作用力;Wherein, when the door opening signal is received, the driving source member 2 and the electric clutch member 313 are simultaneously powered on, and the electric female gear 311 and the electric sub-gear 312 can pass through the electric clutch 313. Detachably fixedly connected, the driving source member 2 drives the electric motor gear 311 to drive the motor sub-gear 312 in a transmission state to drive the push rod 41 to move outside the base to open the door body. And applying a force to the first elastic member 42 toward the base;
当所述门体开启完成后,所述驱动源构件2和所述电动离合件313同时中断供电,所述电动母齿轮311和所述电动子齿轮312通过所述电动离合件313脱离传动状态,此时,所述电动母齿轮311处于静止状态,所述第一弹性元件42对所述推动杆41施加一张紧力,使所述推动杆41向所述基座内运动,并带动所述电动子齿轮312反向旋转。如此,由于在所述电动子齿轮312反向旋转过程中,所述电动母齿轮311保持静止状态,避免所述电动母齿轮311与蜗杆22之间出现啮合噪音。When the door body is opened, the driving source member 2 and the electric clutch member 313 simultaneously interrupt the power supply, and the electric motor gear 311 and the motor sub-gear 312 are disengaged from the transmission state by the electric clutch member 313. At this time, the electric female gear 311 is in a stationary state, and the first elastic member 42 applies a pressing force to the push rod 41 to move the push rod 41 into the base and drive the The rotor gear 312 is rotated in the reverse direction. Thus, since the electric female gear 311 is kept in a stationary state during the reverse rotation of the electric sub-gear 312, the meshing noise between the electric female gear 311 and the worm 22 is avoided.
本发明一具体实施方式中,所述电动离合件313包括:相互抵接设置的电动离合器3131和电动离合片3132;所述电动离合器3131与所述电动子齿轮312可拆卸地连接,所述电动离合片3132与所述电动母齿轮311可拆卸地连接;接收到门体开启信号时,所述电动离合件313接通电源,所述电动离合器3131和电动离合片3132相互吸附,以使所述电动母齿轮311和所述电动子齿轮312可拆卸地固定连接;所述门体开启完成后,所述电动离合件313中断供电,所述电动离合器3131和电动离合片3132相互分离,以使所述电动母齿轮311和所述电动子齿轮312脱离传动状态。进而保证在第一弹性元件42的恢复力作用下带动推动杆41退回至基座内的过程中,电动子齿轮312旋转,电动母齿轮311静止,如此,避免所述电动母齿轮311与蜗杆22之间出现啮合噪音。In an embodiment of the present invention, the electric clutch member 313 includes: an electric clutch 3131 and an electric clutch plate 3132 disposed to abut each other; the electric clutch 3131 is detachably coupled to the electric sub-gear 312, the electric device The clutch plate 3132 is detachably connected to the electric female gear 311; when the door opening signal is received, the electric clutch 313 is powered on, and the electric clutch 3131 and the electric clutch plate 3132 are mutually adsorbed to make the The electric female gear 311 and the electric sub-gear 312 are detachably fixedly connected; after the door body is opened, the electric clutch member 313 interrupts power supply, and the electric clutch 3131 and the electric clutch plate 3132 are separated from each other to make The electric female gear 311 and the electric sub-gear 312 are disengaged from the transmission state. Further, in the process of driving the push rod 41 back into the base under the restoring force of the first elastic member 42, the motor sub-gear 312 rotates, and the electric female gear 311 is stationary. Thus, the electric female gear 311 and the worm 22 are avoided. Engagement noise occurs between them.
优选的,所述电动离合器3131为环状圆柱体,其环状圆柱体内壁面上、向所述电动离合器3131的中轴方向延伸出至少一个止挡片31311。优选的,所述电动离合片 3132靠近所述电动母齿轮311的一侧设置有至少一个连接卡勾31321;所述电动离合片3132的外壁上开设至少一个限位凹槽31322。本发明一具体实施方式中,所述定位凸起31321的数量为3个,其中点连线形成等边三角形;所述限位凹槽31322的数量设置为偶数个,等距分布在所述电动离合片3132的外壁上。Preferably, the electric clutch 3131 is an annular cylinder, and at least one stop piece 31311 extends toward the central axis of the electric clutch 3131 on the inner wall surface of the annular cylinder. Preferably, the electric clutch plate 3132 is provided with at least one connecting hook 31321 on one side of the electric driving gear 311; at least one limiting groove 31322 is defined in the outer wall of the electric clutch plate 3132. In one embodiment of the present invention, the number of the positioning protrusions 31321 is three, wherein the point connecting lines form an equilateral triangle; the number of the limiting grooves 31322 is set to an even number, and is equidistantly distributed in the electric On the outer wall of the clutch piece 3132.
本发明优选实施方式中,所述电动子齿轮312、所述电动母齿轮311以及所述电动离合件313同轴设置。所述电动母齿轮311的啮合半径大于所述电动子齿轮312的啮合半径;所述电动母齿轮311的啮合齿的数量大于所述电动子齿轮312的啮合齿的数量;如此,以降低驱动源构件2的输入功率,降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本。In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the motor sub-gear 312, the electric motor gear 311, and the electric clutch 313 are coaxially disposed. The meshing radius of the electric motor gear 311 is greater than the meshing radius of the motor sub gear 312; the number of meshing teeth of the electric motor gear 311 is greater than the number of meshing teeth of the motor sub gear 312; thus, to reduce the driving source The input power of the component 2 reduces the power consumption and component cost of the automatic door opening device.
所述电动子齿轮312包括:电动子齿轮啮合部3121,以及从所述电动子齿轮啮合部3121延伸出的电动子齿轮连接部;所述电动子齿轮啮合部3121外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;所述电动子齿轮连接部包括:从所述电动子齿轮啮合部延伸出的第一连接部3122;从所述第一连接部3122延伸出的第二连接部3123;所述电动子齿轮啮合部3121、第一连接部3122、第二连接部3123同轴设置;所述第一连接部3122的径向直径大于所述第二连接部3123的径向直径;如此,利于固定所述电动母齿轮311、电动离合件313的位置。The rotor gear 312 includes a rotor gear meshing portion 3121, and a motor sub-gear connecting portion extending from the motor sub-gear engaging portion 3121. The motor sub-gear engaging portion 3121 is provided with a plurality of meshing teeth on an outer wall thereof; The motor sub-gear connecting portion includes: a first connecting portion 3122 extending from the motor sub-gear engaging portion; a second connecting portion 3123 extending from the first connecting portion 3122; the motor sub-gear engaging portion The first connecting portion 3122 and the second connecting portion 3123 are coaxially disposed; the radial diameter of the first connecting portion 3122 is larger than the radial diameter of the second connecting portion 3123; thus, the driving of the electric female gear is facilitated. 311. The position of the electric clutch 313.
所述电动子齿轮啮合部3121啮合所述推动杆41设置;所述电动母齿轮311部分契合并套接于所述第一连接部3122;所述电动离合片3132契合并套接于所述第一连接部3122远离所述电动子齿轮啮合部3121的端部;所述电动离合器3131契合并套接于所述第二连接部3123。The electric sub-gear engaging portion 3121 is engaged with the push rod 41; the electric main gear 311 is partially coupled to the first connecting portion 3122; the electric clutch piece 3132 is spliced and sleeved to the first portion A connecting portion 3122 is away from an end of the motor sub-gear engaging portion 3121. The electric clutch 3131 is coupled to the second connecting portion 3123.
本发明一优选实施方式中,所述第二连接部3123远离所述电动子齿轮啮合部3121的一端开设有第一定位凹槽31231,电动离合齿轮组31还包括一止挡圈314,所述止挡圈314设置于所述第一定位凹槽31231内;所述止挡圈314的其中一个端面与所述电动离合器3131的一个端面相抵接,所述止挡圈314的外径大于所述第二连接部3122的外径,如此,固定所述电动母齿轮311、所述电动离合件313相对所述电动子齿轮312的轴向位置。In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a first positioning groove 31231 is defined in an end of the second connecting portion 3123 away from the motor sub-gear engaging portion 3121. The electric clutch gear set 31 further includes a stopping ring 314. The retaining ring 314 is disposed in the first positioning groove 31231; one end surface of the stopping ring 314 abuts an end surface of the electric clutch 3131, and the outer diameter of the stopping ring 314 is larger than the outer ring The outer diameter of the second connecting portion 3122 is such that the axial position of the electric female gear 311 and the electric clutch 313 with respect to the electric sub-gear 312 is fixed.
本发明一优选实施方式中,所述第二连接部3123上还开设一止挡凹槽31232,所述止挡凹槽31232与所述止挡片31311相互契合,以固定所述电动离合件313相对所述电动子齿轮312的径向位置。In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second connecting portion 3123 further defines a stopping groove 31232. The stopping groove 31232 and the stopping piece 31311 are engaged with each other to fix the electric clutch 313. Relative to the radial position of the rotor gear 312.
本发明一实施方式中,所述电动母齿轮311包括:与所述驱动源构件2啮合的电动母齿轮啮合部3111,所述电动母齿轮啮合部3111的内壁截面直径为圆形;部分契合插接固定在所述电动母齿轮啮合部3111内壁上,部分突出于所述电动母齿轮啮合部3111外的电动母齿轮连接部3112;所述电动母齿轮啮合部3111外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;所述电动母齿轮连接部3112为环状圆柱体,其契合套设于所述第一连接部3122上。In an embodiment of the present invention, the electric motor gear 311 includes: an electric female gear meshing portion 3111 that meshes with the driving source member 2, and an inner wall of the electric female gear meshing portion 3111 has a circular cross section; Attached to the inner wall of the electric female gear meshing portion 3111, partially protruding from the electric female gear connecting portion 3112 outside the electric female gear meshing portion 3111; the outer surface of the electric female gear meshing portion 3111 is provided with a plurality of meshing teeth; The electric female gear connecting portion 3112 is an annular cylindrical body that is sleeved on the first connecting portion 3122.
电动母齿轮连接部3112插接在所述电动母齿轮啮合部3111的一端面上设置若干个连接卡槽31121,所述连接卡槽31121靠近所述电动母齿轮连接部3112的内边壁设置;所述连接卡槽31121的数量与所述连接卡勾31321的数量相同,且连接卡槽31121和连接卡勾31321相互契合连接,以将所述电动离合片3132可拆卸地固定在所述电动母齿轮311上。The electric female gear connecting portion 3112 is inserted into one end surface of the electric female gear meshing portion 3111, and a plurality of connecting card slots 31121 are disposed, and the connecting card slot 31121 is disposed near an inner side wall of the electric female gear connecting portion 3112; The number of the connection card slots 31121 is the same as the number of the connection hooks 31211, and the connection card slot 31121 and the connection hook 31312 are coupled to each other to detachably fix the electric clutch piece 3132 to the electric motor. On the gear 311.
电动母齿轮连接部3112插接在所述电动母齿轮啮合部3111的一端面上还设置若干个限位凸起31122,所述限位凸起31122靠近所述电动母齿轮连接部3112的外边壁设置;所述限位凸起31122的数量与所述限位凹槽31322的数量相同,且限位凸起31122和限位凹槽31322相互契合,以固定所述电动离合片3132相对所述电动母齿轮311的径向位置。The electric female gear connecting portion 3112 is inserted into one end surface of the electric female gear meshing portion 3111, and a plurality of limiting protrusions 31122 are further disposed. The limiting protrusions 31122 are adjacent to the outer wall of the electric female gear connecting portion 3112. The number of the limiting protrusions 31122 is the same as the number of the limiting recesses 31322, and the limiting protrusions 31122 and the limiting recesses 31322 are engaged with each other to fix the electric clutching piece 3132 relative to the electric motor. The radial position of the female gear 311.
本发明其他优选实施方式中,所述传动体还包括:至少一组传动轮;所述传动轮 同时与所述推动件4和所述离合齿轮组3相啮合;和/或所述传动轮同时与所述离合齿轮组3和所述驱动源构件2相啮合。In another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the transmission body further includes: at least one set of transmission wheels; the transmission wheel simultaneously meshes with the pushing member 4 and the clutch gear set 3; and/or the transmission wheel simultaneously Engagement with the clutch gear set 3 and the drive source member 2.
所述传动轮的结构有多种,每组传动轮可以包括多个子传动轮,本发明具体示例中,每组传动轮包括两个子传动轮,两个子传动轮其中之一与所述推动件4相啮合,其中另一与所述离合齿轮组3相啮合;和/或两个子传动轮其中之一与所述驱动源构件2相啮合,其中另一与所述离合齿轮组3相啮合。两个子齿轮组可以共轴设置,也可以偏心设置,两个子齿轮的啮合齿的数量可以相同也可以不同,两个子齿轮的大小可以相同也可以不同,另外,两个子齿轮的外径可以为圆形也可以为异形,在此不做详细赘述。The transmission wheel has a plurality of structures, and each set of transmission wheels may include a plurality of sub-transmission wheels. In the specific example of the present invention, each set of transmission wheels includes two sub-transmission wheels, one of the two sub-transmission wheels and the pusher 4 Engaging, wherein the other is engaged with the clutch gear set 3; and/or one of the two sub-drive wheels meshes with the drive source member 2, wherein the other engages with the clutch gear set 3. The two sub-gear sets can be arranged coaxially or eccentrically. The number of meshing teeth of the two sub-gears can be the same or different. The sizes of the two sub-gears can be the same or different. In addition, the outer diameters of the two sub-gears can be round. The shape can also be shaped, and will not be described in detail here.
本发明具体示例中,所述传动轮的数量为两组,分别为第一组传动轮33和第二组传动轮34;第一组传动轮33和第二组传动轮34分别套设于所述第二转轴115和第三转轴116上,第一组传动轮33包括同轴设置的第一子传动轮和第二子传动轮;第二组传动轮34包括同轴设置的第三子传动轮和第四子传动轮;其中,电动子齿轮312与第一子传动轮相啮合,第二子传动轮与第三子传动轮相啮合,第四子传动轮与推动杆41相啮合;第一子传动轮的啮合齿的数量大于第二子传动轮的啮合齿的数量;第三子传动轮的啮合齿的数量大于第四子传动轮的啮合齿的数量;如此,降低驱动源构件2的输入功率,降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本。In a specific example of the present invention, the number of the transmission wheels is two groups, which are respectively a first group of transmission wheels 33 and a second group of transmission wheels 34; the first group of transmission wheels 33 and the second group of transmission wheels 34 are respectively sleeved on the On the second rotating shaft 115 and the third rotating shaft 116, the first set of transmission wheels 33 includes a first sub-transmission wheel and a second sub-transmission wheel disposed coaxially; the second group of transmission wheels 34 includes a third sub-transmission coaxially disposed. a wheel and a fourth sub-transmission wheel; wherein the rotor sub-gear 312 is meshed with the first sub-transmission wheel, the second sub-transmission wheel is meshed with the third sub-transmission wheel, and the fourth sub-transmission wheel is meshed with the push rod 41; The number of meshing teeth of one sub-drive wheel is greater than the number of meshing teeth of the second sub-transmission wheel; the number of meshing teeth of the third sub-transmission wheel is greater than the number of meshing teeth of the fourth sub-transmission wheel; thus, the drive source member 2 is lowered The input power reduces the power consumption and component cost of the automatic door opening device.
本发明第一实施方式的自动开门装置,通过在推动件中设置第一弹性元件,可以在推动件驱动门体打开后,自动复位到初始状态;进一步的,通过设置电动离合齿轮组,能够避免推动件在复位过程中,间接对驱动源构件产生的噪音,同时,上述结构的自动开门装置,在门体打开后,无需电动驱动推动件复位,降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本。According to the automatic door opening device of the first embodiment of the present invention, by providing the first elastic member in the pushing member, the driving member can be automatically reset to the initial state after the driving member is opened; further, by providing the electric clutch gear set, it can be avoided. During the resetting process, the pushing member indirectly generates noise to the driving source member. At the same time, the automatic door opening device of the above structure does not need to be reset by the electric driving pusher after the door body is opened, thereby reducing the power consumption and component cost of the automatic door opening device.
结合图7至图10所示,本发明第二实施方式的自动开门装置,该第二实施方式的自动开门装置与上述第一实施方式的自动开门装置相类似,其区别在于,上述传动体中的电动离合齿轮组31被设置为机械离合齿轮组32,所述机械离合齿轮组32活动套设于所述第一转轴114上。7 to 10, an automatic door opening device according to a second embodiment of the present invention, the automatic door opening device of the second embodiment is similar to the automatic door opening device of the first embodiment, and the difference is that the transmission body is The electric clutch gear set 31 is disposed as a mechanical clutch gear set 32, and the mechanical clutch gear set 32 is movably sleeved on the first rotating shaft 114.
所述机械离合齿轮组32包括:啮合所述驱动源构件2的机械母齿轮321,啮合所述推动件4设置的机械子齿轮322,以及用于选择性连接所述机械母齿轮321和所述机械子齿轮322的机械离合件323。The mechanical clutch gear set 32 includes: a mechanical female gear 321 that engages the drive source member 2, a mechanical sub-gear 322 that engages the pusher 4, and a selective connection of the mechanical female gear 321 and the Mechanical clutch 323 of mechanical sub-gear 322.
其中,当接收到门体开启信号时,所述驱动源构件2接通电源,所述机械母齿轮321和所述机械子齿轮322通过所述机械离合件323可拆卸地固定连接,所述驱动源构件2驱动所述机械母齿轮321带动所述机械子齿轮322处于传动状态,以驱动所述推动杆41向所述门体方向运动以打开所述门体,并给所述第一弹性元件42施加一朝向所述门体远端的作用力;Wherein, when the door opening signal is received, the driving source member 2 is powered on, and the mechanical main gear 321 and the mechanical sub-gear 322 are detachably fixedly connected by the mechanical clutch member 323, the driving The source member 2 drives the mechanical female gear 321 to drive the mechanical sub-gear 322 in a transmission state to drive the push rod 41 to move toward the door body to open the door body, and to the first elastic element. 42 applying a force toward the distal end of the door;
当所述门体开启完成后,所述驱动源构件2中断供电,所述机械母齿轮321和所述机械子齿轮322通过所述机械离合件323脱离传动状态,此时,所述机械母齿轮321处于静止状态,所述第一弹性元件42对所述推动杆41施加一张紧力,使所述推动杆41向所述门体远端方向运动,并带动所述机械子齿轮322反向旋转。如此,由于在所述机械子齿轮322反向旋转过程中,所述机械母齿轮321保持静止状态,避免所述机械母齿轮321与蜗杆22之间出现啮合噪音。When the door body is opened, the driving source member 2 interrupts the power supply, and the mechanical female gear 321 and the mechanical sub-gear 322 are disengaged from the transmission state by the mechanical clutch member 323. At this time, the mechanical female gear The 321 is in a static state, and the first elastic member 42 applies a pressing force to the push rod 41 to move the push rod 41 toward the distal end of the door body, and drives the mechanical sub-gear 322 to reverse. Rotate. As such, since the mechanical master gear 321 remains in a stationary state during the reverse rotation of the mechanical sub-gear 322, engagement noise between the mechanical female gear 321 and the worm 22 is avoided.
本发明一具体实施方式中,所述机械母齿轮321、机械子齿轮322以及机械离合件323同轴设置。In one embodiment of the invention, the mechanical master gear 321 , the mechanical sub-gear 322 , and the mechanical clutch member 323 are coaxially disposed.
所述机械离合件323包括:机械离合部3231以及在所述机械离合部3231轴向上伸缩的第二弹性元3232件;所述第二弹性元件3232的一端可拆卸地连接于所述机械离合部3231,另一端活动连接于所述机械母齿轮321或所述基座;初始状态下,所述 机械母齿轮321与所述机械离合件323部分相互卡接、部分相互啮合,所述机械离合件323与所述机械子齿轮322相互分离;门体打开过程中,所述机械母齿轮321与所述机械离合件323部分相互卡接;所述机械离合件323与所述机械子齿轮322相互啮合;所述第二弹性元件3232对所述机械离合部3231施加一朝向所述机械母齿轮321方向的作用力;所述门体开启完成后,所述第二弹性元件3232对所述机械离合部3231施加一张紧力,以带动所述机械离合部3231向所述机械母齿轮321方向运动,恢复至初始状态。The mechanical clutch member 323 includes: a mechanical clutch portion 3231 and a second elastic element 3232 that is telescopically extended in the axial direction of the mechanical clutch portion 3231; one end of the second elastic member 3232 is detachably coupled to the mechanical clutch The other end is movably connected to the mechanical main gear 321 or the base; in an initial state, the mechanical main gear 321 and the mechanical clutch 323 are partially engaged with each other and partially engaged with each other, the mechanical clutch The mechanical member 321 is separated from the mechanical sub-gear 322; the mechanical main gear 321 and the mechanical clutch 323 are partially engaged with each other; the mechanical clutch 323 and the mechanical sub-gear 322 are mutually coupled; Engaging; the second elastic member 3232 applies a force to the mechanical clutch portion 3231 toward the mechanical female gear 321; after the door body is opened, the second elastic member 3232 is coupled to the mechanical clutch The portion 3231 applies a tightening force to move the mechanical clutch portion 3231 in the direction of the mechanical female gear 321 to return to the initial state.
优选的,所述机械离合部3231包括:环状圆柱体形状的机械离合部主体;所述机械离合部主体靠近所述机械子齿轮322的一端面被设置为由若干个结构相同的斜披状阶梯组成的第一环状阶梯斜披32311;所述机械离合部主体靠近所述机械母齿轮321的一端面上开设径向截面为圆环形的第一容置槽(未图示);所述第一容置槽的底壁被设置为由若干个斜披状阶梯组成的第二环状阶梯斜披32312;其中,每个环状阶梯斜坡中的各个斜披状阶梯的起始端和结束端具有在所述机械离合部3231轴向上的高度差,每个斜披状阶梯的起始端处于同一平面内,每个阶梯的结束端处于同一平面内;本发明的具体实施方式中,所述第一环状阶梯斜坡32311中,各个斜披状阶梯顺时针或逆时针方向连接;所述第二环状阶梯斜坡32312中,各个斜披状阶梯的连接方向与所述第一环状阶梯斜坡32311的连接方向相反。Preferably, the mechanical clutch portion 3231 includes: a mechanical clutch portion body in the shape of an annular cylinder; an end surface of the mechanical clutch portion main body adjacent to the mechanical sub-gear 322 is disposed to have a plurality of structurally identical slanted drapes a first annular stepped slanted cloak 32311; the mechanical clutch body is adjacent to one end surface of the mechanical female gear 321 to open a first accommodating groove (not shown) having a circular cross section; The bottom wall of the first accommodating groove is disposed as a second annular step slanting cloak 32312 composed of a plurality of slanting steps; wherein the starting end and the end of each slanting step in each of the annular stepped steps The end has a height difference in the axial direction of the mechanical clutch portion 3231, and the starting ends of each inclined-shaped step are in the same plane, and the end ends of each step are in the same plane; in a specific embodiment of the present invention, In the first annular stepped slope 32311, each of the inclined stepped steps is connected clockwise or counterclockwise; in the second annular stepped slope 32312, the connecting direction of each obliquely shaped step and the first annular step Slope 32311 Connecting opposite directions.
所述机械离合部主体靠近所述机械母齿轮321的一端面,且靠近其外壁侧还均匀布置至少两个第二限位凸起32313;优选的,所述机械离合部3231轴向上开设一贯穿通孔32314,所述第二弹性元件3232的一端卡接在所述贯穿通孔32314内。The main body of the mechanical clutch portion is adjacent to an end surface of the mechanical main gear 321 , and at least two second limiting protrusions 32313 are evenly arranged adjacent to the outer wall side thereof. Preferably, the mechanical clutch portion 3231 is axially opened. One end of the second elastic member 3232 is engaged in the through hole 32314 through the through hole 32314.
本发明具体实施方式中,所述第一环状阶梯斜披32311、所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312的数量可以相同也可以不同;所述第一环状阶梯斜披32311、第二环状阶梯斜披32312中斜披状阶梯的数量均为至少两个,该示例中,第一环状阶梯斜披32311、所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312中斜披状阶梯的数量相同,且均为4个,每个斜披状阶梯所占用的弧心角均为90度。In a specific embodiment of the present invention, the number of the first annular stepped slanting 32311 and the second annular stepped slanting sliding 32312 may be the same or different; the first annular stepped slanting slanting 32311, the second ring The number of the inclined steps in the stepped slanting drapes 32312 is at least two, and in this example, the number of the slanted drapes in the first annular stepped slanting 32311 and the second annular stepped slanting 32312 is the same. All of them are four, and each arc-shaped corner occupied by the inclined step is 90 degrees.
优选的,相邻两个第二限位凸起32313之间的弧段的弧心角小于等于所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312中每个斜披状阶梯所占用的弧心角;本发明具体实施方式中,所述第二限位凸起32313的数量设置为3个,相邻两个第二限位凸起32313之间的弧段的弧心角等于所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312中每个斜披状阶梯所占用的弧心角,为90度。Preferably, the arc angle of the arc between the adjacent two second stepped protrusions 32313 is less than or equal to the arc center angle occupied by each of the second stepped slanted drapes 32312; In an embodiment of the invention, the number of the second limiting protrusions 32313 is set to three, and the arc angle of the arc between the adjacent two second limiting protrusions 32313 is equal to the second annular step. The angle of the arc center occupied by each of the inclined drapes in the slanted draping 32312 is 90 degrees.
所述机械子齿轮322包括:机械子齿轮连接部3222,以及从机械子齿轮连接部3222延伸出机械子齿轮啮合部3221;机械子齿轮啮合部3221外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;所述机械母齿轮321的啮合齿的数量大于所述机械子齿轮322的啮合齿的数量;如此,以降低驱动源构件2的输入功率,降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本。The mechanical sub-gear 322 includes: a mechanical sub-gear connecting portion 3222, and a mechanical sub-gear engaging portion 3221 extending from the mechanical sub-gear connecting portion 3222; a plurality of meshing teeth are disposed on an outer wall of the mechanical sub-gear engaging portion 3221; The number of meshing teeth of the gear 321 is larger than the number of meshing teeth of the mechanical sub-gear 322; thus, to reduce the input power of the drive source member 2, the power consumption and component cost of the automatic door opening device are reduced.
所述机械子齿轮连接部3222远离所述机械子齿轮啮合部3221的一端面上开设径向截面为圆形的第二容置槽(未图示);所述机械子齿轮连接部3222包括:从所述第二容置槽中心垂直向外延伸出的第一支撑转轴32221;以及形成于所述第一容置槽底壁上、且由若干个斜披状阶梯组成的第三环状阶梯斜披32222;所述第二弹性元件套3232接在所述第一支撑转轴32211上;其中,门体打开过程中,所述第一环状阶梯斜披32311与第三环状阶梯斜披32222相互啮合,以使所述机械离合件323与所述机械子齿轮322保持相对静止状态。The mechanical sub-gear connecting portion 3222 is disposed away from the one end surface of the mechanical sub-gear engaging portion 3221 and has a second receiving groove (not shown) having a circular cross section; the mechanical sub-gear connecting portion 3222 includes: a first supporting rotating shaft 32221 extending perpendicularly outward from a center of the second receiving groove; and a third annular step formed on the bottom wall of the first receiving groove and composed of a plurality of inclined steps The second elastic component sleeve 3232 is attached to the first supporting rotating shaft 32211; wherein, during the opening of the door body, the first annular step obliquely facing 32311 and the third annular stepped obliquely facing 32222 Engaging with each other to maintain the mechanical clutch member 323 and the mechanical sub-gear 322 in a relatively stationary state.
所述机械子齿轮连接部3222还包括:从第一支撑转轴32221向机械母齿轮321方向延伸出的第二支撑转轴32223,所述第二支撑转轴32223与第一转轴114相互配合,以为所述机械离合齿轮组32提供旋转轴;本实施方式中,第二支撑转轴32223插接于第一转轴114中,在此不做详细赘述。The mechanical sub-gear connecting portion 3222 further includes: a second supporting rotating shaft 32223 extending from the first supporting rotating shaft 32221 toward the mechanical female gear 321 , and the second supporting rotating shaft 32223 and the first rotating shaft 114 cooperate with each other to The mechanical clutch gear set 32 provides a rotating shaft. In this embodiment, the second supporting rotating shaft 32223 is inserted into the first rotating shaft 114, and details are not described herein.
所述机械母齿轮321的截面直径为圆环形,所述机械母齿轮321上,贯穿其两个端面等间距开设若干个结构相同的弧形容置孔3213,以将所述机械母齿轮321沿其径向分解为相互连接的内环台3212和外环台3211;所述外环台3211远离所述机械子齿轮322一端的外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;所述第二限位凸起32313始终活动设置于所述弧形容置孔3213内;并在机械母齿轮321初始转动过程中,相对所述弧形容置孔3213做周向运动,同时,沿所述弧形容置孔3213的轴向运动,以下将会详细描述其工作过程。The mechanical main gear 321 has a circular cross-sectional shape. The mechanical main gear 321 has a plurality of arc-shaped receiving holes 3213 having the same structure at equal intervals through the two end faces thereof to connect the mechanical female gear 321 Decomposed along the radial direction thereof into an interconnected inner ring table 3212 and an outer ring table 3211; the outer ring table 3211 is provided with a plurality of meshing teeth on an outer wall of one end of the mechanical sub-gear 322; the second limit protrusion 32313 is always movably disposed in the arc-shaped accommodating hole 3213; and during the initial rotation of the mechanical female gear 321 , the circumferential movement is performed with respect to the arc-shaped accommodating hole 3213, and at the same time, the arc-shaped accommodating hole is formed along the arc The axial movement of the 3213, the working process of which will be described in detail below.
所述内环台3212靠近所述机械离合件323的一端面被设置为由若干个斜披状阶梯组成的第四环状阶梯斜披32121;初始状态下,所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312与第四环状阶梯斜披32121相互啮合。An end surface of the inner ring table 3212 adjacent to the mechanical clutch member 323 is disposed as a fourth annular stepped slanted slab 32121 composed of a plurality of slanted drapes; in the initial state, the second annular step slanted The 32312 is in mesh with the fourth annular stepped slant 32121.
所述内环台3212远离所述机械离合件323的一端面,并沿靠近其内壁面侧延伸出环状接合部3214;所述接合部3214同样与第一转轴114相互配合,以为所述机械离合齿轮组32提供旋转轴;本实施方式中,第一转轴114插接于环状接合部3214中,在此不做详细赘述。The inner ring table 3212 is away from an end surface of the mechanical clutch member 323, and extends along the inner wall surface side thereof to form an annular joint portion 3214; the joint portion 3214 also cooperates with the first rotating shaft 114 to serve the machine. The clutch gear set 32 provides a rotating shaft. In the present embodiment, the first rotating shaft 114 is inserted into the annular joint portion 3214, and details are not described herein.
本发明具体实施方式中,所述第四环状阶梯斜披32121与所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312的数量相同,连接方向相反,如此,以在初始状态下,保持所述第四环状阶梯斜披32121与所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312相啮合;该具体示例中,第四环状阶梯斜披32121的每个斜披状阶梯所占用的弧心角同样为90度。In a specific embodiment of the present invention, the fourth annular stepped slanting 32121 is the same as the second annular stepped slanting shawl 32212, and the connecting direction is opposite, so that in the initial state, the fourth ring is maintained. The stepped slanting draping 32121 is engaged with the second annular stepped slanting shawt 32312; in this specific example, the arcing angle occupied by each of the slanted draped steps of the fourth annular stepped slanted slab 32121 is also 90 degrees.
优选的,弧形容置孔3213的数量等于第二限位凸起32313的数量,本发明具体实施方式中,弧形容置孔3213的数量为3个,每个弧形容置孔3213所占用的弧心角等于任一个第二限位凸起32313所占用的弧心角与所述第二环状阶梯斜披32312中任一个斜披状阶梯所占用的弧心角之和。Preferably, the number of the arc-shaped accommodating holes 3213 is equal to the number of the second limiting protrusions 32313. In the embodiment of the present invention, the number of the arc-shaped accommodating holes 3213 is three, and each of the arc-shaped accommodating holes 3213 is The occupied arc angle is equal to the sum of the arc angle occupied by any one of the second limiting protrusions 32313 and the arcing angle occupied by any one of the second annular stepped drapes 32312.
本发明具体实施方式中,初始状态下,所述机械母齿轮321和机械离合件323相互啮合,其中,所述第二环状阶梯斜坡32312与所述四环状阶梯斜披32121相互啮合,所述第二限位凸起32313抵靠在与其对应的弧形容置孔3213的其中一个边壁上;所述机械离合件323和所述机械子齿轮322相互分离。In the embodiment of the present invention, in the initial state, the mechanical female gear 321 and the mechanical clutch member 323 are in mesh with each other, wherein the second annular stepped slope 32312 and the four annular stepped slanted 32121 are in mesh with each other. The second limiting protrusion 32313 abuts against one of the side walls of the arc-shaped receiving hole 3213 corresponding thereto; the mechanical clutch member 323 and the mechanical sub-gear 322 are separated from each other.
当接收到门体开启信号时,所述驱动源构件2接通电源,所述驱动源构件2带动机械母齿轮321旋转,在所述母齿轮321初次旋转至90度之前,由于所述第二环状阶梯斜坡32312与所述第四环状阶梯斜披32121均分别由具有轴向高度差的斜披状阶梯组成,且第二环状阶梯斜坡32312与所述四环状阶梯斜披32121的设置方向相反,如此,所述电动母齿轮311旋转至90度过程中,会匀速推动所述机械离合件323中的机械离合部3231沿其轴向向所述机械子齿轮322方向平移,以使所述机械离合件323的第一环状阶梯斜披32311和所述机械子齿轮322的第三环状阶梯斜披32222逐渐啮合;同时,所述第二弹性元件3232对所述机械离合部3231施加一朝向所述机械母齿轮321方向的作用力;在所述母齿轮321初次旋转至90度时,所述第二限位凸起32313抵靠在与其对应的弧形容置孔3213的另一边壁上;所述机械离合件323的第一环状阶梯斜披32311和所述机械子齿轮322的第三环状阶梯斜披32222完全啮合;并在所述母齿轮321初次旋转至90度后,使所述机械子齿轮322通过所述机械离合部323与所述机械母齿轮321处于传动状态;以驱动所述推动杆41向所述门体方向运动以打开所述门体,并给所述第一弹性元件42施加一朝向所述门体远端的作用力。当所述门体开启完成后,所述驱动源构件2中断供电,所述第一弹性元件42对所述推动杆41施加一张紧力,使所述推动杆41向所述基座内运动,并带动所述机械子齿轮322反向旋转;所述机械子齿轮322反向旋转时,匀速带动所述机械离合件323反向转动,在所述第二弹性元件3232的张紧力作用下,第二环状阶梯斜坡32312向所述四环状阶梯斜披32121逐渐啮合,并在所述机械子齿轮322初次旋转至90度时, 使该机械离合齿轮组32恢复至初始连接状态。When the door opening signal is received, the drive source member 2 is powered on, and the drive source member 2 drives the mechanical female gear 321 to rotate, before the first rotation of the female gear 321 to 90 degrees, due to the second The annular stepped slope 32312 and the fourth annular stepped slanted 32121 are each composed of a slanted stepped step having an axial height difference, and the second annular stepped slope 32312 and the four annular stepped slanted 32121 The setting direction is reversed. Thus, during the rotation of the electric female gear 311 to 90 degrees, the mechanical clutch portion 3231 in the mechanical clutch member 323 is uniformly pushed in the axial direction thereof toward the mechanical sub-gear 322, so that The first annular stepped slanting 32311 of the mechanical clutch member 323 and the third annular stepped slanting slant 32222 of the mechanical sub-gear 322 are gradually engaged; meanwhile, the second elastic member 3232 is opposite to the mechanical clutching portion 3231 Applying a force toward the mechanical female gear 321; when the female gear 321 is first rotated to 90 degrees, the second limiting projection 32313 abuts against the corresponding curved receiving hole 3213 One side wall; the machine The first annular stepped slanting 32311 of the fitting 323 and the third annular stepped slanting 32222 of the mechanical sub-gear 322 are fully engaged; and after the primary rotation of the female gear 321 to 90 degrees, the mechanical element is made The gear 322 is in a transmission state with the mechanical nut gear 321 through the mechanical clutch portion 323; to drive the push rod 41 to move toward the door body to open the door body, and to the first elastic member 42 A force is applied toward the distal end of the door. When the door body is opened, the driving source member 2 interrupts the power supply, and the first elastic member 42 applies a pressing force to the pushing rod 41 to move the pushing rod 41 into the base. And driving the mechanical sub-gear 322 to rotate in the reverse direction; when the mechanical sub-gear 322 rotates in the reverse direction, the mechanical clutch member 323 is driven to rotate in the opposite direction, under the tension of the second elastic member 3232 The second annular step slope 32312 is gradually engaged with the four-ring stepped slant 32121, and when the mechanical sub-gear 322 is first rotated to 90 degrees, the mechanical clutch gear set 32 is restored to the initial connected state.
本发明第二实施方式的自动开门装置,通过在推动件中设置第一弹性元件,可以在推动件驱动门体打开后,自动复位到初始状态;进一步的,通过设置机械离合齿轮组,能够避免推动件在复位过程中,间接对驱动源构件产生的噪音,同时,上述结构的自动开门装置,在门体打开后,无需电动驱动推动件复位,降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本。According to the automatic door opening device of the second embodiment of the present invention, by providing the first elastic member in the pushing member, the driving member can be automatically reset to the initial state after the driving member is opened; further, by providing the mechanical clutch gear set, it can be avoided. During the resetting process, the pushing member indirectly generates noise to the driving source member. At the same time, the automatic door opening device of the above structure does not need to be reset by the electric driving pusher after the door body is opened, thereby reducing the power consumption and component cost of the automatic door opening device.
结合图11所示,本发明第三实施方式的自动开门装置,用于同时开启两个门体,从而相对于第一实施方式或第二实施方式的自动开门装置,对应设置两个所述推动件4。As shown in FIG. 11, the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment of the present invention is configured to simultaneously open two door bodies, thereby correspondingly setting two of the pushes with respect to the automatic door opening device of the first embodiment or the second embodiment. Item 4.
参考第一实施方式或第二实施方式,所述基座前壁形成有供两个推动件4伸出的两个开口(未图示),两个所述开口分别靠近两个侧壁设置。所述底壁在靠近两个侧壁位置分别突设有一前后延伸的长条型的导向槽,两个所述导向槽的一端分别对应两个开口设置;所述电机固定槽设置于两个所述导向槽之间的对称轴线上,所述第一转轴、第二转轴和第三转轴分别为两个,且以所述导向槽之间的对称轴线对称分布。Referring to the first embodiment or the second embodiment, the front wall of the base is formed with two openings (not shown) for projecting the two pushers 4, and the two openings are respectively disposed adjacent to the two side walls. The bottom wall respectively protrudes from the two side wall positions with a longitudinally extending elongated guide groove, and one end of each of the two guiding grooves is respectively disposed corresponding to two openings; the motor fixing groove is disposed at two places On the axis of symmetry between the guide grooves, the first rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft and the third rotating shaft are respectively two, and are symmetrically distributed with the axis of symmetry between the guiding grooves.
该实施方式中,所述驱动源构件与第一实施方式或第二实施方式的驱动源构件的结构完全相同,其区别仅在于其设置位置不同,通过上述基座的描述,可以明确获知该实施方式中驱动源构件的设置位置,因此不再继续赘述。In this embodiment, the structure of the driving source member is completely the same as that of the driving source member of the first embodiment or the second embodiment, and the difference is only in the arrangement position thereof. The description of the pedestal can clearly show the implementation. In the mode, the setting position of the source member is driven, so the description will not be repeated.
该实施方式中,所述推动件与第一实施方式或第二实施方式的推动件4的结构也完全相同,其区别仅在于其设置位置,以及设置数量的不同,通过上述基座的描述,可以明确获知该实施方式中两个推动件4分别靠近所述基座的相互对应的两个侧壁对称设置;两组电动离合齿轮组对称设置于两个所述推动件4之间,所述驱动源构件2设置于两组电动离合齿轮组之间,在此不再继续赘述。In this embodiment, the pushing member is also identical in structure to the pushing member 4 of the first embodiment or the second embodiment, and the difference is only in the setting position thereof, and the difference in the number of settings, by the description of the base, It can be clearly seen that the two pushing members 4 in the embodiment are symmetrically disposed adjacent to the mutually corresponding two side walls of the base; two sets of electric clutch gear sets are symmetrically disposed between the two pushing members 4, The driving source member 2 is disposed between the two sets of electric clutch gear sets, and details are not described herein again.
该实施方式中,所述传动体包括:分别与两个推动件相互啮合的两个离合齿轮组;每个离合齿轮组包括:相互选择性连接的两部分,分别为第一部分和第二部分,所述第一部分与所述驱动源构件相接,所述第二部分与所述推动件相接;接收到门体开启信号时,至少两组离合齿轮组其中之一的第一部分和第二部分连接为传动状态,所述驱动源构件驱动当前处于传动状态的离合齿轮组运动,以驱动当前离合齿轮组对应的所述推动件向所述基座外运动以打开所述门体;并给所述第一弹性元件施加一朝向所述门体远端的作用力;所述门体开启完成后,当前驱动门体打开的离合齿轮组的第一部分和第二部分均脱离传动状态,当前离合齿轮组的所述第一部分保持静止状态,所述第一弹性元件对所述推动杆施加一张紧力,使所述推动杆向所述基座内运动,并驱动其对应的所述离合齿轮组的第二部分运动。In this embodiment, the transmission body includes: two clutch gear sets respectively meshing with the two pushing members; each of the clutch gear sets includes: two portions selectively connected to each other, respectively being the first portion and the second portion, The first portion is in contact with the driving source member, the second portion is in contact with the pushing member; and when receiving the door opening signal, the first portion and the second portion of one of the at least two sets of clutch gear sets Connected to a transmission state, the drive source member drives a clutch gear set that is currently in a transmission state to drive the pusher corresponding to the current clutch gear set to move outside the base to open the door; The first elastic element applies a force toward the distal end of the door body; after the door body is opened, the first part and the second part of the clutch gear set that currently drives the door body are released from the transmission state, the current clutch gear The first portion of the set remains stationary, the first resilient element applying a tension to the push rod to move the push rod into the base and drive it Corresponding movement of the second portion of the clutch gear set.
本发明一具体示例中,所述第三实施方式的自动开门装置中,两个离合齿轮组中,其中一组为第一实施方式所述的电动离合齿轮组31;其中另一组为第二实施方式所述的机械离合齿轮组32。In a specific example of the present invention, in the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment, one of the two clutch gear sets is the electric clutch gear set 31 of the first embodiment; the other group is the second The mechanical clutch gear set 32 of the embodiment.
在实际应用中,两个离合齿轮组的啮合齿的方向设置为相反,以在驱动源构件2接通电源后,可以同时驱动两个离合齿轮组,进而同步推动两个推动件4同时打开两个门体,在此不做详细赘述。In practical applications, the directions of the meshing teeth of the two clutch gear sets are reversed to drive the two clutch gear sets simultaneously after the drive source member 2 is powered on, thereby simultaneously pushing the two pushers 4 simultaneously to open two The door body will not be described in detail here.
当然,在本发明的其他实施方式中,若将两个离合齿轮组的啮合齿设置为相同,则可以通过一个驱动源构件的正转、反转控制先后打开两个门体;也可以通过设置电动母齿轮的啮合齿排布,通过一个驱动源构件先后任意控制打开两个门体,在此不做详细赘述。Of course, in other embodiments of the present invention, if the meshing teeth of the two clutch gear sets are set to be the same, the two door bodies can be opened sequentially by the forward rotation and the reverse rotation control of one drive source member; The meshing teeth of the electric master gear are arranged, and the two door bodies are opened and controlled by a driving source member, and will not be described in detail herein.
结合图12所示,本发明第四实施方式的自动开门装置,该第四实施方式的自动开门装置与第三实施方式的自动开门装置结构类似,其均用于同时开启两个门体,该第四实施方式的自动开门装置与第三实施方式的自动开门装置的区别在于,其两个离 合齿轮组的结构相同,其均为本发明第一实施方式中的电动离合齿轮组;实际应用中,两个电动离合齿轮组的啮合齿的方向设置为相反,以在驱动源构件2接通电源后,可以同时驱动两个电动离合齿轮组,进而同步推动两个推动件4同时打开两个门体,在此不做详细赘述。As shown in FIG. 12, in the automatic door opening device of the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the automatic door opening device of the fourth embodiment is similar in structure to the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment, and is used for simultaneously opening two door bodies. The automatic door opening device of the fourth embodiment is different from the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment in that the two clutch gear sets have the same structure, which are all the electric clutch gear sets in the first embodiment of the present invention; The directions of the meshing teeth of the two electric clutch gear sets are reversed to drive the two electric clutch gear sets simultaneously after the driving source member 2 is powered on, thereby simultaneously pushing the two pushing members 4 simultaneously to open the two doors. Body, we will not go into details here.
当然,在本发明的其他实施方式中,若将两个电动离合齿轮组的啮合齿设置为相同,则可以通过一个驱动源构件的正转、反转控制先后打开两个门体;也可以通过设置电动母齿轮的啮合齿排布,通过一个驱动源构件先后任意控制打开两个门体,在此不做详细赘述。Of course, in other embodiments of the present invention, if the meshing teeth of the two electric clutch gear sets are set to be the same, the two door bodies can be opened sequentially by the forward rotation and the reverse rotation control of one driving source member; The meshing teeth of the electric female gear are arranged, and the two door bodies are opened and controlled by a driving source member, and will not be described in detail herein.
结合图13所示,本发明第五实施方式的自动开门装置,该第五实施方式的自动开门装置与第三实施方式的自动开门装置结构类似,其均用于同时开启两个门体,该第五实施方式的自动开门装置与第三实施方式的自动开门装置的区别在于,其两个离合齿轮组的结构相同,其均为本发明第二实施方式中的机械离合齿轮组;同样的,在实际应用中,两个机械离合齿轮组的啮合齿的方向设置为相反,以在驱动源构件2接通电源后,可以同时驱动两个电动离合齿轮组,进而同步推动两个推动件4同时打开两个门体,在此不做详细赘述。As shown in FIG. 13 , the automatic door opening device of the fifth embodiment of the present invention is similar to the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment, and is configured to simultaneously open two door bodies. The automatic door opening device of the fifth embodiment is different from the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment in that the two clutch gear sets have the same structure, which are all the mechanical clutch gear sets in the second embodiment of the present invention; In practical applications, the directions of the meshing teeth of the two mechanical clutch gear sets are set to be opposite, so that after the drive source member 2 is powered on, the two electric clutch gear sets can be simultaneously driven, thereby simultaneously pushing the two pushers 4 simultaneously. Open the two doors and do not go into details here.
当然,在本发明的其他实施方式中,若将两个电动离合齿轮组的啮合齿设置为相同,则可以通过一个驱动源构件的正转、反转控制先后打开两个门体;也可以通过设置电动母齿轮的啮合齿排布,通过一个驱动源构件先后任意控制打开两个门体,在此不做详细赘述。Of course, in other embodiments of the present invention, if the meshing teeth of the two electric clutch gear sets are set to be the same, the two door bodies can be opened sequentially by the forward rotation and the reverse rotation control of one driving source member; The meshing teeth of the electric female gear are arranged, and the two door bodies are opened and controlled by a driving source member, and will not be described in detail herein.
本发明的第三实施方式、第四实施方式以及第五实施方式的自动开门装置也可以对应一个门体设置,在此不做详细赘述。The automatic door opening devices of the third embodiment, the fourth embodiment, and the fifth embodiment of the present invention may be provided corresponding to one door body, and will not be described in detail herein.
本发明第三实施方式、第四实施方式以及第五实施方式的自动开门装置,通过在推动件中设置第一弹性元件,可以在推动件驱动门体打开后,自动复位到初始状态;进一步的,通过设置离合齿轮组,能够避免推动件在复位过程中,间接对驱动源构件产生的噪音,上述结构的自动开门装置,在门体打开后,无需电动驱动推动件复位,降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本;同时,本发明第三实施方式、第四实施方式以及第五实施方式的自动开门装置,通过各个离合齿轮组中啮合齿的设置方向、位置、数量的变化,还可以根据用户需要指定门体的打开顺序;而在本发明的具体实施方式中,门体打开过程中,通过一个电机驱动两组离合齿轮组同时转动,以同时打开两个门体,进一步降低自动开门装置的功耗和部件成本。The automatic door opening device of the third embodiment, the fourth embodiment, and the fifth embodiment of the present invention can automatically reset to the initial state after the pusher drive door is opened by providing the first elastic member in the pusher; By providing the clutch gear set, it is possible to avoid the noise generated by the pusher member indirectly during the resetting process, and the automatic door opening device of the above structure does not need to be reset by the electric drive pusher after the door body is opened, thereby reducing the automatic door opening device. Power consumption and component cost; at the same time, the automatic door opening device of the third embodiment, the fourth embodiment, and the fifth embodiment of the present invention can also be changed according to the direction, position, and number of the meshing teeth in each of the clutch gear sets. The user needs to specify the opening sequence of the door body; in the specific embodiment of the present invention, during the opening process of the door body, the two sets of clutch gear sets are driven to rotate simultaneously by one motor to simultaneously open the two door bodies, thereby further reducing the automatic door opening device. Power consumption and component cost.
此外,结合图14、15所示,本发明还可设计一种冰箱500,该冰箱500包括具有间室的箱体51、设置在箱体51上的抽屉、打开或关闭间室的门体以及上述任一种实施方式所描述的自动开门装置100。用来打开门体的所述自动开启装置100设置在箱体51顶部或中间隔板的前侧;用来打开抽屉的所述自动开启装置100可设置在抽屉门体后方的间室内,也可设置在抽屉后侧位置处等等,均可达成本发明的目的。In addition, as shown in FIGS. 14 and 15, the present invention can also design a refrigerator 500 including a cabinet 51 having a compartment, a drawer disposed on the cabinet 51, and a door body for opening or closing the compartment. The automatic door opening device 100 described in any of the above embodiments. The automatic opening device 100 for opening the door body is disposed at the top of the box 51 or the front side of the intermediate partition; the automatic opening device 100 for opening the drawer may be disposed in the compartment behind the drawer door body, or The object of the present invention can be achieved by being disposed at the rear side position of the drawer or the like.
应当理解,虽然本说明书按照实施方式加以描述,但并非每个实施方式仅包含一个独立的技术方案,说明书的这种叙述方式仅仅是为清楚起见,本领域技术人员应当将说明书作为一个整体,各实施方式中的技术方案也可以经适当组合,形成本领域技术人员可以理解的其他实施方式。It should be understood that, although the description is described in terms of embodiments, the embodiments are not intended to be construed as a single. The technical solutions in the embodiments may also be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments that can be understood by those skilled in the art.
上文所列出的一系列的详细说明仅仅是针对本发明的可行性实施方式的具体说明,它们并非用以限制本发明的保护范围,凡未脱离本发明技艺精神所作的等效实施方式或变更均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。The series of detailed descriptions set forth above are merely illustrative of the possible embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Changes are intended to be included within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种自动开门装置,用于自动开启冰箱的门体;包括:基座,固定于所述基座内的驱动源构件,用以推动所述门体打开的推动件,以及用于啮合所述驱动源构件与推动件的传动体;An automatic door opening device for automatically opening a door body of a refrigerator; comprising: a base, a driving source member fixed in the base, a pushing member for pushing the door body to open, and a drive body that drives the source member and the pusher;
    其特征在于:所述推动件包括:推动杆以及连接所述推动杆并远离所述门体设置的第一弹性元件;The pushing member comprises: a pushing rod and a first elastic element connected to the pushing rod and disposed away from the door body;
    所述传动体包括:电动离合齿轮组;所述电动离合齿轮组包括啮合所述驱动源构件的电动母齿轮,啮合所述推动件设置的电动子齿轮,以及用于选择性连接所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮的电动离合件;The transmission body includes: an electric clutch gear set; the electric clutch gear set includes an electric female gear that meshes with the drive source member, a rotor sub-gear that is engaged with the pusher, and is used for selectively connecting the electric motor a gear and an electric clutch of the motor sub-gear;
    接收到门体开启信号时,所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮通过所述电动离合件可拆卸地固定连接,所述驱动源构件驱动所述电动母齿轮带动所述电动子齿轮处于传动状态,以驱动所述推动杆向所述基座外运动以打开所述门体,并给所述第一弹性元件施加一朝向所述门体远端的作用力;Receiving the door opening signal, the electric female gear and the electric sub gear are detachably fixedly connected by the electric clutch, and the driving source member drives the electric main gear to drive the electric sub gear to be driven a state to drive the push rod to move outside the base to open the door body and apply a force to the first elastic member toward the distal end of the door body;
    所述门体开启完成后,所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮通过所述电动离合件脱离传动状态,所述电动母齿轮处于静止状态,所述第一弹性元件对所述推动杆施加一张紧力,使所述推动杆向所述基座内运动,并带动所述电动子齿轮反向旋转。After the door body is opened, the electric female gear and the electric sub-gear are disengaged from the transmission state by the electric clutch, the electric main gear is in a static state, and the first elastic element applies to the push rod. A pressing force moves the push rod into the base and drives the rotor gear to rotate in the reverse direction.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:The automatic door opening device according to claim 1, wherein:
    所述电动离合件包括:相互抵接设置的电动离合器和电动离合片;The electric clutch member includes: an electric clutch and an electric clutch plate which are arranged to abut each other;
    所述电动离合器与所述电动子齿轮可拆卸地连接,所述电动离合片与所述电动母齿轮可拆卸地连接;The electric clutch is detachably coupled to the motor sub-gear, and the electric clutch plate is detachably coupled to the electric female gear;
    接收到门体开启信号时,所述电动离合器和电动离合片相互吸附,以使所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮可拆卸地固定连接;Receiving the door opening signal, the electric clutch and the electric clutch plate are mutually attracted to detachably fix the electric female gear and the electric sub gear;
    所述门体开启完成后,所述电动离合器和电动离合片相互分离,以使所述电动母齿轮和所述电动子齿轮脱离传动状态。After the door body is opened, the electric clutch and the electric clutch plate are separated from each other to disengage the electric female gear and the electric sub-gear from the transmission state.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:The automatic door opening device according to claim 1, wherein:
    所述电动母齿轮的啮合半径大于所述电动子齿轮的啮合半径;所述电动母齿轮的啮合齿的数量大于所述电动子齿轮的啮合齿的数量。The meshing radius of the electric female gear is greater than the meshing radius of the rotor gear; the number of meshing teeth of the electric female gear is greater than the number of meshing teeth of the rotor gear.
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:The automatic door opening device according to claim 2, wherein:
    所述电动子齿轮包括:电动子齿轮啮合部,以及从所述电动子齿轮啮合部延伸出的电动子齿轮连接部;The rotor gear includes: a rotor gear engagement portion, and a rotor gear connection extending from the rotor gear engagement portion;
    所述电动子齿轮啮合部外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;a plurality of meshing teeth are disposed on an outer wall of the meshing gear meshing portion;
    所述电动子齿轮连接部包括:从所述电动子齿轮啮合部延伸出的第一连接部;从所述第一连接部延伸出的第二连接部;The motor sub-gear connecting portion includes: a first connecting portion extending from the rotor-gear engaging portion; and a second connecting portion extending from the first connecting portion;
    所述电动子齿轮啮合部、第一连接部以及第二连接部同轴设置;所述第一连接部的径向直径大于所述第二连接部的径向直径;The rotor gear meshing portion, the first connecting portion and the second connecting portion are coaxially disposed; the radial diameter of the first connecting portion is larger than the radial diameter of the second connecting portion;
    所述电动子齿轮啮合部啮合所述推动杆设置;The rotor gear engagement portion engages the push rod arrangement;
    所述电动母齿轮部分契合并套接于所述第一连接部;The electric female gear portion is merged and sleeved to the first connecting portion;
    所述电动离合片契合并套接于所述第一连接部远离所述电动子齿轮啮合部的端部;The electric clutch piece is sleeved and sleeved at an end of the first connecting portion away from the gear portion of the motor sub-gear;
    所述电动离合器契合并套接于所述第二连接部。The electric clutch is coupled to the second connecting portion.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:所述第二连接部远离所述电动子齿轮啮合部的一端开设有第一定位凹槽;The automatic door opening device according to claim 4, wherein the second connecting portion is provided with a first positioning groove away from an end of the motor sub-gear engaging portion;
    所述电动离合齿轮组还包括一止挡圈,所述止挡圈的外径大于所述第二连接部的外径,所述止挡圈契合设置于所述第一定位凹槽内,所述止挡圈的其中一个端面与所述电动离合器的一个端面相抵接。The electric clutch gear set further includes a retaining ring, the outer diameter of the retaining ring is larger than the outer diameter of the second connecting portion, and the retaining ring is disposed in the first positioning groove. One of the end faces of the retaining ring abuts against an end surface of the electric clutch.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:所述第二连接部上还开设一止挡凹槽;The automatic door opening device according to claim 4, wherein a stopper groove is further formed on the second connecting portion;
    所述电动离合器为环状圆柱体,其环状圆柱体内壁面上、向所述电动离合器的中轴方向延伸出至少一个止挡片;The electric clutch is an annular cylinder, and at least one stop piece extends toward the central axis of the electric clutch on the annular cylinder inner wall surface;
    所述止挡凹槽与所述止挡片相互契合。The stop groove and the stop piece are in engagement with each other.
  7. 根据权利要求4所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:所述电动母齿轮包括:与所述驱动源构件齿合的电动母齿轮啮合部,以及契合套设于所述第一连接部上的电动母齿轮连接部;The automatic door opening device according to claim 4, wherein the electric female gear comprises: an electric female gear meshing portion that meshes with the driving source member, and a sleeve sleeved on the first connecting portion Electric female gear connection;
    所述电动母齿轮啮合部的的截面直径为圆环形,其外壁上设置若干个啮合齿;The cross section diameter of the electric female gear meshing portion is a circular ring shape, and a plurality of meshing teeth are disposed on an outer wall thereof;
    所述电动母齿轮连接部的截面直径为圆环形,其部分契合插接固定在所述电动母齿轮啮合部内壁上,部分突出于所述电动母齿轮啮合部外。The electric female gear connecting portion has a circular cross section, and is partially inserted and fixed on the inner wall of the electric female gear meshing portion, and partially protrudes outside the electric female gear meshing portion.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:所述电动母齿轮连接部插接在所述电动母齿轮啮合部的一端面上设置连接卡槽,以及限位凸起;The automatic door opening device according to claim 7, wherein the electric female gear connecting portion is inserted into one end surface of the electric female gear meshing portion to provide a connecting card slot, and a limiting protrusion;
    所述电动离合片靠近所述电动母齿轮的一侧设置有至少一个连接卡勾,所述电动离合片的外壁上开设至少一个限位凹槽;One side of the electric clutch plate is disposed on one side of the electric motor gear, and at least one connecting hook is disposed on the outer wall of the electric clutch plate.
    所述连接卡槽和所述连接卡勾相互契合连接;The connecting card slot and the connecting hook are connected to each other;
    所述限位凸起和所述限位凹槽相互契合。The limiting protrusion and the limiting groove are matched with each other.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的自动开门装置,其特征在于:所述传动体还包括:至少一组传动轮;The automatic door opening device according to claim 1, wherein the transmission body further comprises: at least one set of transmission wheels;
    所述传动轮同时与所述推动件和所述电动离合齿轮组相啮合;The transmission wheel simultaneously meshes with the pushing member and the electric clutch gear set;
    和/或所述传动轮同时与所述电动离合齿轮组和所述驱动源构件相啮合。And/or the drive wheel simultaneously meshes with the electric clutch gear set and the drive source member.
  10. 一种冰箱,包括具有间室的箱体、设置在箱体上的抽屉以及打开或关闭间室的门体,其特征在于:所述冰箱设置有用以打开所述抽屉或门体的如权利要求1所述的自动开门装置。A refrigerator comprising a cabinet having a compartment, a drawer disposed on the cabinet, and a door body opening or closing the compartment, wherein the refrigerator is provided with a handle to open the drawer or the door body according to the claims The automatic door opening device described in 1.
PCT/CN2017/118883 2016-12-27 2017-12-27 Automatic door device and refrigerator having same WO2018121576A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611227857.2A CN106642947B (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device
CN201611227857.2 2016-12-27

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2018121576A1 true WO2018121576A1 (en) 2018-07-05

Family

ID=58832673

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2017/118883 WO2018121576A1 (en) 2016-12-27 2017-12-27 Automatic door device and refrigerator having same

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106642947B (en)
WO (1) WO2018121576A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106642947B (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-05-11 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device
CN108662839A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-16 合肥华凌股份有限公司 Refrigeration equipment, door body assembly and its control method
CN113107301A (en) * 2018-07-26 2021-07-13 海尔智家股份有限公司 Clutch automatic door opening device and refrigerator
CN109695396B (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-11-27 海尔智家股份有限公司 Clutch automatic door opening device and refrigerator
CN109707265B (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-11-27 海尔智家股份有限公司 Clutch automatic door opening device and refrigerator
CN109707264B (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-11-27 海尔智家股份有限公司 Clutch automatic door opening device and refrigerator

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11153379A (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-06-08 Daewoo Electron Co Ltd Door opening closing device for refrigerator
KR100819849B1 (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-04-08 곽수만 Hinge unit for refrigerator
CN201876047U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-22 广州设计谷设计有限公司 Refrigerator assistance door opening device and refrigerator
CN104061741A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-09-24 合肥美的电冰箱有限公司 Automatic door opener of refrigerator and refrigerator adopting same
CN203964526U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-11-26 合肥美的电冰箱有限公司 For the automatic door operator of refrigerator and there is its refrigerator
CN105627661A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-06-01 仝达机电工业(惠州)有限公司 Automatic door and drawer opening device used for refrigerator
CN106642947A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-10 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Automatic door opening device and refrigerator with same

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002364712A (en) * 2001-06-08 2002-12-18 Matsushita Refrig Co Ltd Gear mechanism, door opening device with the gear mechanism, and cabinet and refrigerator with the door opening device
JP3848875B2 (en) * 2001-12-18 2006-11-22 Ntn株式会社 Door opener
CN104329884B (en) * 2014-08-18 2017-02-15 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Automatic door opening device and refrigerator with same
CN104329885B (en) * 2014-08-18 2016-10-19 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Automatic door operator and there is the refrigerator of this device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11153379A (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-06-08 Daewoo Electron Co Ltd Door opening closing device for refrigerator
KR100819849B1 (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-04-08 곽수만 Hinge unit for refrigerator
CN201876047U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-22 广州设计谷设计有限公司 Refrigerator assistance door opening device and refrigerator
CN104061741A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-09-24 合肥美的电冰箱有限公司 Automatic door opener of refrigerator and refrigerator adopting same
CN203964526U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-11-26 合肥美的电冰箱有限公司 For the automatic door operator of refrigerator and there is its refrigerator
CN105627661A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-06-01 仝达机电工业(惠州)有限公司 Automatic door and drawer opening device used for refrigerator
CN106642947A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-10 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Automatic door opening device and refrigerator with same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106642947B (en) 2018-05-11
CN106642947A (en) 2017-05-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
WO2018121576A1 (en) Automatic door device and refrigerator having same
WO2018121562A1 (en) Automatic door opening device and refrigerator having same
WO2018121571A1 (en) Automatic door opening device and refrigerator with automatic door opening device
WO2018121570A1 (en) Automatic door opening device and refrigerator having same
WO2018121575A1 (en) Automatic door device and refrigerator having same
CN107208434B (en) Gear assembly and door mounting mechanism comprising same
CN104934877A (en) Distribution box capable of high-efficiency cooling
WO2021115374A1 (en) Power assembly, drive system and automobile
CN104901189A (en) Distribution box capable of timely heat dissipation
JP5860955B2 (en) Synchronizer for movably mounted furniture parts
JP3524815B2 (en) Motion assist device and refrigerator
CN207762487U (en) Camera settings and its holder
US10280549B2 (en) Washing machine driver
CN104967016A (en) Distribution box with good heat radiation
JP5264513B2 (en) refrigerator
CN109707264B (en) Clutch automatic door opening device and refrigerator
WO2018103422A1 (en) Display device frame mechanism and display device provided with frame mechanism
CN102188149B (en) Equipment with supporting device
CN105310315A (en) Novel fixing structure
KR20180049704A (en) Refrigerator
TWI557059B (en) Clutch device for winch and winch assembly including the same
JP2015192832A (en) Electrically driven drawer assist
CN109707265B (en) Clutch automatic door opening device and refrigerator
CN109826926B (en) Automatic door opening device and refrigerator with same
CN104934880A (en) Distribution box for driving frictional compressing by cylinder

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 17888597

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 17888597

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1