WO2018068800A1 - Equipment for blood flow restriction training - Google Patents

Equipment for blood flow restriction training Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018068800A1
WO2018068800A1 PCT/DK2017/050331 DK2017050331W WO2018068800A1 WO 2018068800 A1 WO2018068800 A1 WO 2018068800A1 DK 2017050331 W DK2017050331 W DK 2017050331W WO 2018068800 A1 WO2018068800 A1 WO 2018068800A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
inflatable bladder
blood flow
equipment
flow restriction
air
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/DK2017/050331
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Thomas August Cortebeeck
Original Assignee
Videnform V/Thomas A Cortebeeck
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DKBA201600116U priority Critical patent/DK201600116U4/en
Priority to DKBA201600116 priority
Application filed by Videnform V/Thomas A Cortebeeck filed Critical Videnform V/Thomas A Cortebeeck
Publication of WO2018068800A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018068800A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4023Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof the user operating the resistance directly, without additional interface
    • A63B21/4025Resistance devices worn on the user's body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B71/0622Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user
    • A63B2071/0625Emitting sound, noise or music
    • A63B2071/0627Emitting sound, noise or music when used improperly, e.g. by giving a warning
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2213/00Exercising combined with therapy
    • A63B2213/005Exercising combined with therapy with respiratory gas delivering means, e.g. O2
    • A63B2213/006Exercising combined with therapy with respiratory gas delivering means, e.g. O2 under hypoxy conditions, i.e. oxygen supply subnormal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/50Force related parameters
    • A63B2220/56Pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03508For a single arm or leg
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0494Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs primarily by articulating the knee joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1281Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles primarily by articulating the elbow joint
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0062Monitoring athletic performances, e.g. for determining the work of a user on an exercise apparatus, the completed jogging or cycling distance
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B71/0622Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user

Abstract

The present invention relates to an equipment for BFR training comprising a cuff and a valve unit. The cuff comprises an inflatable bladder, and is adapted to be attached around an extremity of a human and to exert a pressure on the extremity when there is air in the inflatable bladder. The valve unit is in air communication with the inflatable bladder, and is attached to the cuff.

Description

Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction Training

Technical field of the invention

The present invention relates to equipment for Blood Flow Restriction (BFR) training.

Background of the invention

BFR (Blood Flow Restriction) training involves training while restricting blood flow to the muscles. BFR training is performed by winding an elastic band or cuff around the extremities (either legs or arms) while performing muscle activating actions, such as walking, cycling or strength training. The elastic band or cuff restricts the venous outflow of blood from the muscles. Thereby, blood will accumulate in the extremity and limit blood flow to the muscles. This will bring a greater metabolic stress in the restricted area, lead to elevated blood lactate levels, and result in the release of growth hormone and IGF-1 . Another benefit of BFR training is that fatigue can be obtained faster while using lightweight loads. By restricting the oxygen supply to aerobic motor units (pool of muscle fibres) a recruitment in anaerobic motor units will take place. Both mechanisms

upregulate molecular pathway signalling and protein synthesis, and BFR training can lead to muscle growth (hypertrophy) similar to what is seen training with heavy loads. The positive side-effect of using lightweight loads is that this reduces the mechanical stress on joints and ligaments making it very helpful in rehabilitating setups. BFR training is currently challenged by the fact that it is difficult to control the clamping of the blood supply to the muscles. If the bands or cuffs are positioned too tight, it is very painful and can in severe cases damage nerves (paresthesia) or arteries. If the bands or cuffs are positioned too loose blood flow restriction will not occur and the training effect will not be as desired.

Object of the Invention

The objective of the present invention is to provide a devise for controlled clamping of the blood supply to the muscles for use in BFR training. Description of the Invention

A first aspect relates to an equipment for BFR training comprising:

- a cuff comprising an inflatable bladder wherein the cuff is adapted to be attached around an extremity of a human and to exert a pressure on the extremity when there is air in the inflatable bladder; and

- a valve unit comprising a valve in air communication with the inflatable bladder; wherein the valve assembly is attached to the cuff.

A second aspect relates to an equipment for BFR training comprising:

- a cuff comprising an inflatable bladder wherein the cuff is adapted to be attached around an extremity of a human and to exert a pressure on the extremity when there is air in the inflatable bladder; and

- a valve unit comprising a valve in air communication with the inflatable bladder; wherein the valve assembly is attached to the cuff and a) mounted on the edge of the cuff, or b) mounted on the surface of the cuff on the surface of the inflatable bladder, or c) mounted on the surface of the cuff at the edge of the inflatable bladder.

A third aspect relates to an equipment for BFR training comprising:

- a cuff comprising an inflatable bladder wherein the cuff is adapted to be attached around an extremity of a human and to exert a pressure on the extremity when there is air in the inflatable bladder; and

- a valve unit in air communication with the inflatable bladder and comprising a valve configured to be in an open position, a loading position, and a closed position; wherein the open position allows air in the inflatable bladder to leave the inflatable bladder; wherein the loading position allows passage of air into the inflatable bladder when connected to a pump; and wherein the closed position does not allow air in the inflatable bladder to leave the inflatable bladder; wherein the valve assembly is attached to the cuff. A fourth aspect relates to an equipment for BFR training comprising:

- a cuff comprising an inflatable bladder wherein the cuff is adapted to be attached around an extremity of a human and to exert a pressure on the extremity when there is air in the inflatable bladder; and

- a valve unit in air communication with the inflatable bladder and comprising a valve configured to be in an open position, a loading position, and a closed position; wherein the open position allows air in the inflatable bladder to leave the inflatable bladder; wherein the loading position allows passage of air into the inflatable bladder when connected to a pump; and wherein the closed position does not allow air in the inflatable bladder to leave the inflatable bladder; wherein the valve assembly is attached to the cuff and a) mounted on the edge of the cuff, or b) mounted on the surface of the cuff on the surface of the inflatable bladder, or c) mounted on the surface of the cuff at the edge of the inflatable bladder.

In the present context, the terms "blood flow restriction training" and "occlusion training" are used interchangeably.

In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly further comprises means configured to determine or estimate the air pressure within the inflatable bladder.

In one or more embodiments, the means configured to determine or estimate the air pressure within the inflatable bladder is a pressure sensor and/or a stretch sensor. The stretch sensor can be used indirectly by measuring the stretch of the material or materials of which the inflatable bladder is constructed.

In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly further comprises a transmitter means configured to wirelessly transmit the determined or estimated air pressure within the inflatable bladder to a handheld computer device. This information may be important to learn which air pressure gives the user the best workout and/or experience during the workout. In addition, the information can also be used to wirelessly control the air pressure inside the inflatable bladder.

In the present context, the term "wireless" should be understood as covering any wireless signal, data, or communication, including without limitation Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, 3G, 4G, 5G, Near Field Communication, infrared, and combinations thereof.

In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly upon receipt of a wireless signal is configured to change between the open position, the loading position, and the closed position.

In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly further comprises an air pump configured for pumping air through the valve and into the inflatable bladder.

In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly further comprises an air pump configured for pumping air through the valve and into the inflatable bladder, when the valve is in the loading position.

In one or more embodiments, the air pump is configured for wireless activation and deactivation.

The valve can be automatically set to the loading position when the air pump is activated. For example, the air pressure, as the pump exerts, automatically adjusts the valve to the charging position by triggering a spring mechanism.

In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly is attached to the cuff and mounted on the edge of the cuff.

In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly is attached to the cuff and mounted on the surface of the cuff on the surface of the inflatable bladder. In one or more embodiments, the valve assembly is attached to the cuff and mounted on the surface of the cuff at the edge of the inflatable bladder.

In one or more embodiments, the equipment for BFR training further comprises a handheld computer device configured to control the valve assembly and/or the valve and/or the air pump.

In one or more embodiments, the equipment for BFR training further comprises a handheld computer device configured to control the valve assembly and/or the valve and/or the air pump in response to received data on the determined or estimated air pressure within the inflatable bladder.

In one or more embodiments, the equipment for BFR training further comprises a handheld computer device configured to propose one or more BFR training sessions from a number of possible BFR training sessions in response to user input selected from the group consisting of chronic disease state, hereditary diseases of the family, age, gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), body volume index (BVI), genotype, phenotype, disease, severity of disease, disease progression, functional capability, and quality of life.

The dimensions of the cuff (circumference and width) depend on the specific application, ie. whether it is used on an arm or leg, and in what position on the extremities.

In one or more embodiments, the cuff has a width of 10-500 mm, such as 50-400 mm, e.g. 100-300 mm, e.g. about 150 mm.

As used in the specification and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an", and "the" include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Ranges may be expressed herein as from "about" or "approximately" one particular value and/or to "about" or "approximately" another particular value. When such a range is expressed, another embodiment includes from the one particular value and/or to the other particular value. Similarly, when values are expressed as approximations, by use of the antecedent "about", it will be understood that the particular value forms another embodiment.

It should be noted that embodiments and features described in the context of one of the aspects of the present invention also apply to the other aspects of the invention.

Brief description of the figures

Figure 1 shows equipment for BFR training in accordance with various

embodiments of the invention;

Figure 2 shows equipment for BFR training in accordance with various

embodiments of the invention; and

Figure 3 shows equipment for BFR training in accordance with various

embodiments of the invention.

Detailed Description of the Invention

The following describes a preferred embodiment. Figure 1 shows an BFR training device 100 comprising a valve unit 200 and a cuff 400. The cuff 400 is hereby shown transparent to better see the individual parts of the valve unit 200. The cuff 400 includes an inflatable bladder 300 and is adapted to become attached to an extremity of a human and exert a pressure on the extremity when there is air in the inflatable bladder 300. Here is shown a hook and loop fastener for aiding in the attachment of the cuff 400. However, in one or more

embodiments, the cuff 400 may be formed as a ring, through which the extremity (arm or leg) can be introduced. This configuration prevents the cuff from loosening during the workout. The valve unit 200 is attached to the cuff 400 and is in air communication (air can flow between the valve unit channel and the inflatable bladder) with the inflatable bladder 300. In Figure 1 , the valve unit 200 is mounted at the edge of the cuff. In Figure 2, the valve unit 200 is mounted on the surface of the cuff 400 at the edge of the inflatable bladder 300. In Figure 3, the valve unit 200 is mounted on the surface of the cuff 400 on the surface of the inflatable bladder 300.

The valve unit 200 comprises a valve 220 configured to be in an open position, a loading position, and a closed position. The open position allows air in the inflatable bladder 300 to leave the inflatable bladder 300 through the valve 220. The loading position allows the passage of air into the inflatable bladder 300 when connected to a pump 240. The closed position prevents air in the inflatable bladder 300 from leaving the inflatable bladder 300 through the valve 220.

The valve unit 200 further comprises a pressure sensor 230 configured to determine the air pressure within the inflatable bladder 300.

The valve unit 200 further comprises a transmitter 210 configured to wirelessly transmit the air pressure within the inflatable bladder 300, and measured by the pressure sensor 230, to a handheld computer device (not shown), such as a mobile phone.

The valve unit 200 further comprises an air pump 240 configured to pump air through valve 220 and into inflatable bladder 300 when valve 220 is in the loaded position. The air pump 240 is configured for wireless activation and deactivation.

The valve 220 can be set by a wireless signal to switch between the open position, the closed position, and the loading position, whereby the pressure inside the inflatable bladder 300 can be adjusted.

Claims

Claims
1 . Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training comprising:
- a cuff (400) comprising an inflatable bladder (300) wherein the cuff (400) is adapted to be attached around an extremity of a human and to exert a pressure on the extremity when there is air in the inflatable bladder (300); and
- a valve unit (200) in air communication with the inflatable bladder (300) and comprising a valve (220) configured to be in an open position, a loading position, and a closed position; wherein the open position allows air in the inflatable bladder (300) to leave the inflatable bladder (300); wherein the loading position allows passage of air into the inflatable bladder (300) when connected to a pump; and wherein the closed position does not allow air in the inflatable bladder (300) to leave the inflatable bladder (300); characterized in that the valve assembly (200) is attached to the cuff (400) and a) mounted on the edge of the cuff (400), or b) mounted on the surface of the cuff (400) on the surface of the inflatable bladder (400), or c) mounted on the surface of the cuff (400) at the edge of the inflatable bladder (300).
2. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to claim 1 ,
characterized in that the valve assembly (200) further comprises means (230) configured to determine or estimate the air pressure within the inflatable bladder
(300).
3. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to claim 2,
characterized in that the means (230) configured to determine or estimate the air pressure within the inflatable bladder (300) is a pressure sensor and/or a stretch sensor.
4. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to any one of the claims 2-3, characterized in that the valve assembly (200) further comprises a transmitter means (210) configured to wirelessly transmit the determined or estimated air pressure within the inflatable bladder (300) to a handheld computer device.
5. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to any one of the claims 1 -4, characterized in that the valve assembly (200) upon receipt of a wireless signal is configured to change between the open position, the loading position, and the closed position.
6. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to any one of the claims 1 -5, characterized in that the valve assembly (200) further comprises an air pump (240) configured for pumping air through the valve (220) and into the inflatable bladder (300), when the valve (220) is in the loading position.
7. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to claim 6,
characterized in that the air pump (240) is configured for wireless activation and deactivation.
8. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to any one of the claims 4-7, further comprising a handheld computer device configured to control the valve assembly (200) and/or the valve (220) and/or the air pump (240).
9. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to any one of the claims 4-7, further comprising a handheld computer device configured to control the valve assembly (200) and/or the valve (220) and/or the air pump (240) in response to received data on the determined or estimated air pressure within the inflatable bladder (300).
10. Equipment for Blood Flow Restriction training according to any one of the claims 4-7, further comprising a handheld computer device configured to propose one or more Blood Flow Restriction training sessions from a number of possible Blood Flow Restriction training sessions in response to user input selected from the group consisting of chronic disease state, hereditary diseases of the family, age, gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), body volume index (BVI), genotype, phenotype, disease, severity of disease, disease progression, functional capability, and quality of life.
1 1. Use of an equipment according to any one of the claims 1 -10 for Blood Flow Restriction training.
PCT/DK2017/050331 2016-10-12 2017-10-05 Equipment for blood flow restriction training WO2018068800A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DKBA201600116U DK201600116U4 (en) 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Equipment for occlusion training
DKBA201600116 2016-10-12

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP17784166.5A EP3525894A1 (en) 2016-10-12 2017-10-05 Equipment for blood flow restriction training

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2018068800A1 true WO2018068800A1 (en) 2018-04-19

Family

ID=59897494

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/DK2017/050331 WO2018068800A1 (en) 2016-10-12 2017-10-05 Equipment for blood flow restriction training

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP3525894A1 (en)
DK (1) DK201600116U4 (en)
WO (1) WO2018068800A1 (en)

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US20060201522A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Yoshiaki Sato Method for lowering blood glucose levels, method of treating diabetes, and method of prevention of diabetes
EP2277606A1 (en) * 2008-04-17 2011-01-26 Sato Sports Plaza Co., Ltd. Training apparatus, control apparatus for training, and method for control
US20110112412A1 (en) * 2008-07-07 2011-05-12 Omron Healthcare Co., Ltd. Cuff for blood pressure information measuring device and blood pressure information measuring device equipped with the same
JP2012223507A (en) * 2011-04-22 2012-11-15 Satou Sports Plaza:Kk Muscle training device

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CA2697510C (en) * 2007-08-24 2013-08-06 Sato Sports Plaza Co., Ltd. Muscle training apparatus and belt for muscle training
WO2016148956A1 (en) * 2015-03-18 2016-09-22 Lifecuff Technologies Inc. Methods and devices for remote ischemic conditioning via partial limb occlusion
WO2014150605A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-25 Infarct Reduction Technologies Inc. Multi-mode inflatable limb occlusion device
US8911469B2 (en) * 2010-03-25 2014-12-16 Neocardium, Limited Methods and apparatus for optimal remote ischemic preconditioning (ORIP) for preventing ischemia-reperfusion injuries to organs
US20150045679A1 (en) * 2013-08-08 2015-02-12 Welch Allyn, Inc. Hybrid Patient Monitoring System
WO2016006055A1 (en) * 2014-07-09 2016-01-14 Kaatsu Japan株式会社 Muscle build-up method
JP6522107B2 (en) * 2014-07-25 2019-05-29 ウエスタン クリニカル エンジニアリング リミテッド Device for individual blood flow restriction and method for estimating individual restriction pressure

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060201522A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Yoshiaki Sato Method for lowering blood glucose levels, method of treating diabetes, and method of prevention of diabetes
EP2277606A1 (en) * 2008-04-17 2011-01-26 Sato Sports Plaza Co., Ltd. Training apparatus, control apparatus for training, and method for control
US20110112412A1 (en) * 2008-07-07 2011-05-12 Omron Healthcare Co., Ltd. Cuff for blood pressure information measuring device and blood pressure information measuring device equipped with the same
JP2012223507A (en) * 2011-04-22 2012-11-15 Satou Sports Plaza:Kk Muscle training device

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DK201600116U4 (en) 2017-09-22
EP3525894A1 (en) 2019-08-21

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