WO2018012920A1 - Method for transmitting or receiving data in wireless lan system and device therefor - Google Patents

Method for transmitting or receiving data in wireless lan system and device therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018012920A1
WO2018012920A1 PCT/KR2017/007559 KR2017007559W WO2018012920A1 WO 2018012920 A1 WO2018012920 A1 WO 2018012920A1 KR 2017007559 W KR2017007559 W KR 2017007559W WO 2018012920 A1 WO2018012920 A1 WO 2018012920A1
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channel
channels
sta
determined
data
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PCT/KR2017/007559
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French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Inventor
박성진
김진민
조한규
조경태
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엘지전자 주식회사
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Priority to US62/362,598 priority
Priority to US201662363327P priority
Priority to US62/363,327 priority
Priority to US62/369,754 priority
Priority to US201662369754P priority
Priority to US201662381045P priority
Priority to US62/381,045 priority
Application filed by 엘지전자 주식회사 filed Critical 엘지전자 주식회사
Publication of WO2018012920A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018012920A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W74/00Wireless channel access, e.g. scheduled or random access
    • H04W74/002Transmission of channel access control information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W74/00Wireless channel access, e.g. scheduled or random access
    • H04W74/08Non-scheduled or contention based access, e.g. random access, ALOHA, CSMA [Carrier Sense Multiple Access]
    • H04W74/0808Non-scheduled or contention based access, e.g. random access, ALOHA, CSMA [Carrier Sense Multiple Access] using carrier sensing, e.g. as in CSMA
    • H04W74/0816Non-scheduled or contention based access, e.g. random access, ALOHA, CSMA [Carrier Sense Multiple Access] using carrier sensing, e.g. as in CSMA carrier sensing with collision avoidance
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/12Dynamic Wireless traffic scheduling ; Dynamically scheduled allocation on shared channel
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/12Dynamic Wireless traffic scheduling ; Dynamically scheduled allocation on shared channel
    • H04W72/1263Schedule usage, i.e. actual mapping of traffic onto schedule; Multiplexing of flows into one or several streams; Mapping aspects; Scheduled allocation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/12Dynamic Wireless traffic scheduling ; Dynamically scheduled allocation on shared channel
    • H04W72/1278Transmission of control information for scheduling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W74/00Wireless channel access, e.g. scheduled or random access
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/10Small scale networks; Flat hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/12WLAN [Wireless Local Area Networks]

Abstract

The present specification relates to a method for transmitting or receiving data by a station in a wireless LAN (WLAN) system and, more particularly, presents a method and device for transmitting or receiving data on the basis of a beamforming training method for a plurality of channels, when a station transmits the data by using the plurality of channels.

Description

Method for transmitting / receiving data in WLAN system and apparatus therefor

The following description relates to a method of transmitting / receiving data of a station in a WLAN system. More specifically, when a station transmits data using a plurality of channels, it is based on a beamforming training method for the plurality of channels. The present invention relates to a method for transmitting and receiving data and an apparatus therefor.

The standard for WLAN technology is being developed as an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11 standard. IEEE 802.11a and b are described in 2.4. Using unlicensed band at GHz or 5 GHz, IEEE 802.11b provides a transmission rate of 11 Mbps and IEEE 802.11a provides a transmission rate of 54 Mbps. IEEE 802.11g applies orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) at 2.4 GHz to provide a transmission rate of 54 Mbps. IEEE 802.11n applies multiple input multiple output OFDM (MIMO-OFDM) to provide a transmission rate of 300 Mbps for four spatial streams. IEEE 802.11n supports channel bandwidths up to 40 MHz, in this case providing a transmission rate of 600 Mbps.

The WLAN standard uses a maximum of 160MHz bandwidth, supports eight spatial streams, and supports IEEE 802.11ax standard through an IEEE 802.11ac standard supporting a speed of up to 1Gbit / s.

Meanwhile, IEEE 802.11ad defines performance enhancement for ultra-high throughput in the 60 GHz band, and IEEE 802.11ay for channel bonding and MIMO technology is introduced for the first time in the IEEE 802.11ad system.

In the 11ay system to which the present invention is applicable, the station may transmit data using all or part of a plurality of channels supported by the system.

In particular, considering that the frequency resources supported by the 11ay system to which the present invention is applicable are high frequency bands, for more reliable data transmission and reception, directional data transmission and reception in a specific beam direction is not used in an omni method. It may be necessary.

Accordingly, the present invention proposes a beamforming method and a data transmission / reception method based on a channel for transmitting and receiving data when the station transmits and receives data through one or more channels (particularly, through a plurality of channels).

In one aspect of the present invention for solving the above problems, in the WLAN system in the first station (STA) in the method for transmitting data to the second STA using one or more channels, the first The STA performs first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the second STA and the WLAN system; At least one channel to transmit data by transmitting and receiving a signal by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using the best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training, and transmitting data using the at least one channel Determine the method; And transmitting, by the first STA, the data through the determined one or more channels to the second STA by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels.

In this case, the one channel may be set as a primary channel set in the WLAN system.

Here, the first STA performing the first beamforming training on the one channel may include the first STA performing one or more Sweep (SSW) frames or shots to the second STA through the one channel. (Short) send SSW frame; The first STA receives an SSW Acknowledgment (ACK) over the one channel from the second STA; And determining, by the first STA, best sector information for the one channel based on the received SSW ACK.

The first STA may transmit one or more channels and the one or more channels to transmit the data by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training. Determining the data transmission method used, the first STA to all the plurality of channels including the one channel to the second STA, the best sector information for the one channel determined through the first beamforming training Or transmits a setting frame for each channel by applying to some channels; The first STA receives a feedback frame through each channel in response to the configuration frame for each channel from the second STA; And determining, by the first STA, at least one channel to transmit the data and a data transmission method using the at least one channel based on the received feedback information.

In this case, a ready to send (RTS) frame may be applied to the configuration frame, and a clear to send (CTS) frame may be applied to the feedback frame.

In addition, the feedback information may include channel information and channel bandwidth information for the data transmission.

In the present invention, the data transmission method includes a channel bonding method for transmitting the data by bonding a plurality of consecutive channels; Or a channel aggregation method for transmitting the data by combining a plurality of consecutive or discontinuous channels.

In the present invention, the first STA transmits the data through the determined one or more channels to the second STA by applying the determined data transmission method for the determined one or more channels, the first STA to the The method may include transmitting the data to the second STA through the determined one or more channels by applying the best sector information of the one channel and the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels.

The data transmission method according to the present invention may further include performing, by the first STA, second beamforming training on the determined one or more channels with the second STA.

In this case, the first STA transmitting the data through the determined one or more channels to the second STA by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels, the first STA is determined by the one or more And applying the best sector information determined through the second beamforming training and the determined data transmission method for a channel to the second STA to transmit the data through the determined one or more channels.

In particular, the second STA performing the second beamforming training on the determined one or more channels with the second STA may include applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels. Transmitting one or more sector sweep (SSW) frames, short SSW frames, or Beam Refinement Protocol (BRP) frames to the second STA through the determined one or more channels; The first STA receives a response frame for the frame transmitted by the first STA through the determined one or more channels from the second STA; And determining, by the first STA, best sector information for the determined one or more channels based on the received response frame.

Corresponding to such a configuration, in another aspect of the present invention, in a method in which a first station (STA) receives data from at least one channel from a second STA in a WLAN system, the first STA may include: Performing first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the second STA and the WLAN system; One or more channels and data using the one or more channels to receive data by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using the best sector information for the one channel determined by the first beamforming training. Determine the transmission method; And receiving, by the first STA, the data transmitted through the determined one or more channels by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels.

In another aspect of the present invention, a station apparatus for transmitting data using one or more channels in a WLAN system, having one or more RF (Radio Frequency) chains, transmitting and receiving signals with other station apparatuses A transceiver configured to be configured to be; And a processor connected to the transceiver, the processor processing a signal transmitted / received with the other station apparatus. In this case, the processor may perform the first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the other STA and the WLAN system; Determining at least one channel to transmit data by transmitting and receiving a signal to and from another STA using best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training, and a data transmission method using the at least one channel; And transmitting the data through the determined one or more channels to the other STA by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels.

In another aspect of the present invention, a station apparatus for receiving data using one or more channels in a WLAN system, having one or more RF (Radio Frequency) chains, and transmitting and receiving signals with other station apparatuses A transceiver configured to be configured to be; And a processor connected to the transceiver, the processor processing a signal transmitted / received with the other station apparatus. In this case, the processor may perform the first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the second STA and the WLAN system; Determining at least one channel to receive data by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training, and a data transmission method using the at least one channel; And receiving the data transmitted through the determined one or more channels by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels.

Through the above configuration, the station according to the present invention can transmit and receive data with higher reliability.

In particular, the station according to the present invention performs a beamforming method optimized for data transmission through the plurality of channels in consideration of the fact that the characteristics of each channel in the plurality of channels may be different, and based on this, more reliable data Can transmit and receive.

The effects obtainable in the present invention are not limited to the above-mentioned effects, and other effects not mentioned above may be clearly understood by those skilled in the art from the following description. will be.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The drawings appended hereto are for the purpose of providing an understanding of the present invention and for illustrating various embodiments of the present invention and for describing the principles of the present invention in conjunction with the description thereof.

1 is a diagram illustrating an example of a configuration of a WLAN system.

2 is a diagram illustrating another example of a configuration of a WLAN system.

3 is a diagram for describing a channel in a 60 GHz band for explaining a channel bonding operation according to an embodiment of the present invention.

4 is a diagram illustrating a basic method of performing channel bonding in a WLAN system.

5 is a view for explaining the configuration of the beacon interval.

6 is a diagram for explaining a physical configuration of an existing radio frame.

7 and 8 are views for explaining the configuration of the header field of the radio frame of FIG.

9 illustrates a PPDU structure applicable to the present invention.

10 is a diagram schematically illustrating a PPDU structure applicable to the present invention.

11 is a diagram illustrating an operation of performing beamforming on one channel according to an embodiment of the present invention.

12 shows an example of a beamforming training process applicable to the present invention.

13 and 14 illustrate examples of a sector level sweep (SLS) step.

15 is a diagram illustrating an operation of performing beamforming on a plurality of channels according to another embodiment of the present invention.

16 is a diagram illustrating an operation of performing beamforming on a plurality of channels according to another embodiment of the present invention.

17 illustrates a beamforming operation to which a wideband SLS step is applied according to an embodiment of the present invention in more detail.

18 is a diagram illustrating in detail a beamforming operation to which a wideband SLS step is applied according to another embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 19 is a diagram illustrating bandwidth according to channel bonding and channel combining according to an embodiment applicable to the present invention.

20 is a view showing a data transmission and reception method of a station applicable to the present invention.

21 is a view for explaining an apparatus for implementing the method as described above.

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. The detailed description, which will be given below with reference to the accompanying drawings, is intended to explain exemplary embodiments of the present invention and is not intended to represent the only embodiments in which the present invention may be practiced.

The following detailed description includes specific details in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. However, one of ordinary skill in the art appreciates that the present invention may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well-known structures and devices are omitted or shown in block diagram form, centering on the core functions of each structure and device, in order to avoid obscuring the concepts of the present invention.

There may be various mobile communication systems to which the present invention is applied. Hereinafter, the WLAN system will be described in detail as an example of the mobile communication system.

One. Wireless LAN, WLAN ) system

1-1. WLAN System General

1 is a diagram illustrating an example of a configuration of a WLAN system.

As shown in FIG. 1, the WLAN system includes one or more basic service sets (BSSs). A BSS is a set of stations (STAs) that can successfully synchronize and communicate with each other.

An STA is a logical entity that includes a medium access control (MAC) and a physical layer interface to a wireless medium. The STA is an access point (AP) and a non-AP STA (Non-AP Station). Include. The portable terminal operated by the user among the STAs is a non-AP STA, and when referred to simply as an STA, it may also refer to a non-AP STA. A non-AP STA may be a terminal, a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU), a user equipment (UE), a mobile station (MS), a mobile terminal, or a mobile subscriber. It may also be called another name such as a mobile subscriber unit.

The AP is an entity that provides an associated station (STA) coupled to the AP to access a distribution system (DS) through a wireless medium. The AP may be called a centralized controller, a base station (BS), a Node-B, a base transceiver system (BTS), a personal basic service set central point / access point (PCP / AP), or a site controller.

BSS can be divided into infrastructure BSS and Independent BSS (IBSS).

The BBS shown in FIG. 1 is an IBSS. The IBSS means a BSS that does not include an AP. Since the IBSS does not include an AP, access to the DS is not allowed, thereby forming a self-contained network.

2 is a diagram illustrating another example of a configuration of a WLAN system.

The BSS shown in FIG. 2 is an infrastructure BSS. Infrastructure BSS includes one or more STAs and APs. In the infrastructure BSS, communication between non-AP STAs is performed via an AP. However, when a direct link is established between non-AP STAs, direct communication between non-AP STAs is also possible.

As shown in FIG. 2, a plurality of infrastructure BSSs may be interconnected through a DS. A plurality of BSSs connected through a DS is called an extended service set (ESS). STAs included in the ESS may communicate with each other, and a non-AP STA may move from one BSS to another BSS while communicating seamlessly within the same ESS.

The DS is a mechanism for connecting a plurality of APs. The DS is not necessarily a network, and there is no limitation on the form if it can provide a predetermined distribution service. For example, the DS may be a wireless network such as a mesh network or a physical structure that connects APs to each other.

Based on the above, the channel bonding method in the WLAN system will be described.

1-2. Channel in WLAN system Bonding

3 is a diagram for describing a channel in a 60 GHz band for explaining a channel bonding operation according to an embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 3, four channels may be configured in the 60 GHz band, and a general channel bandwidth may be 2.16 GHz. The ISM bands available from 60 GHz (57 GHz to 66 GHz) may be defined differently in different countries. In general, channel 2 of the channels shown in FIG. 3 may be used in all regions and may be used as a default channel. Channels 2 and 3 can be used in most of the designations except Australia, which can be used for channel bonding. However, a channel used for channel bonding may vary, and the present invention is not limited to a specific channel.

4 is a diagram illustrating a basic method of performing channel bonding in a WLAN system.

The example of FIG. 4 illustrates the operation of 40 MHz channel bonding by combining two 20 MHz channels in an IEEE 802.11n system. For IEEE 802.11ac systems, 40/80/160 MHz channel bonding will be possible.

The two exemplary channels of FIG. 4 include a primary channel and a secondary channel, so that the STA may examine the channel state in a CSMA / CA manner for the primary channel of the two channels. If the secondary channel is idle for a predetermined time (e.g. PIFS) at the time when the primary channel idles for a constant backoff interval and the backoff count becomes zero, the STA is assigned to the primary channel and Auxiliary channels can be combined to transmit data.

However, when channel bonding is performed based on contention as illustrated in FIG. 4, channel bonding may be performed only when the auxiliary channel is idle for a predetermined time at the time when the backoff count for the primary channel expires. Therefore, the use of channel bonding is very limited, and it is difficult to flexibly respond to the media situation.

Accordingly, an aspect of the present invention proposes a method in which an AP transmits scheduling information to STAs to perform access on a scheduling basis. Meanwhile, another aspect of the present invention proposes a method of performing channel access based on the above-described scheduling or on a contention-based basis independently of the above-described scheduling. In addition, another aspect of the present invention proposes a method for performing communication through a spatial sharing technique based on beamforming.

1-3. Beacons  Configure interval

5 is a view for explaining the configuration of the beacon interval.

In an 11ad based DMG BSS system, the time of the medium may be divided into beacon intervals. Lower periods within the beacon interval may be referred to as an access period. Different connection intervals within one beacon interval may have different access rules. The information about the access interval may be transmitted to the non-AP STA or the non-PCP by an AP or a personal basic service set control point (PCP).

As shown in FIG. 5, one beacon interval may include one beacon header interval (BHI) and one data transfer interval (DTI). As shown in FIG. 4, the BHI may include a Beacon Transmission Interval (BTI), an Association Beamforming Training (A-BFT), and an Announcement Transmission Interval (ATI).

The BTI means a section in which one or more DMG beacon frames can be transmitted. A-BFT refers to a section in which beamforming training is performed by an STA that transmits a DMG beacon frame during a preceding BTI. ATI means a request-response based management access interval between PCP / AP and non-PCP / non-AP STA.

Meanwhile, as shown in FIG. 5, one or more Content Based Access Period (CBAP) and one or more Service Periods (SPs) may be allocated as data transfer intervals (DTIs). Although FIG. 5 shows an example in which two CBAPs and two SPs are allocated, this is merely an example and need not be limited thereto.

Hereinafter, the physical layer configuration in the WLAN system to which the present invention is applied will be described in detail.

1-4. Physical Layer Configuration

In the WLAN system according to an embodiment of the present invention, it is assumed that three different modulation modes may be provided.

PHY MCS Note Control PHY 0 Single carrier PHY (SC PHY) 1, ..., 1225, ..., 31 (low power SC PHY) OFDM PHY 13, ..., 24

Such modulation modes can be used to meet different requirements (eg, high throughput or stability). Depending on your system, only some of these modes may be supported.

6 is a diagram for explaining a physical configuration of an existing radio frame.

It is assumed that all DMG (Directional Multi-Gigabit) physical layers commonly include fields as shown in FIG. 6. However, there may be a difference in the method of defining individual fields and the modulation / coding method used according to each mode.

As shown in FIG. 6, the preamble of the radio frame may include a Short Training Field (STF) and a Channel Estimation (CE). In addition, the radio frame may include a header and a data field as a payload and optionally a training field for beamforming.

7 and 8 are views for explaining the configuration of the header field of the radio frame of FIG.

Specifically, FIG. 7 illustrates a case in which a single carrier mode is used. In SC mode, the header includes information indicating the initial value of scrambling, Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS), information indicating the length of data, information indicating whether an additional physical protocol data unit (PPDU) exists, packet type, training length, and aggregation. Information about whether to request a beam training, whether to request a last received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), whether to truncate, or a header check sequence (HCS). In addition, as shown in FIG. 7, the header has 4 bits of reserved bits, which may be used in the following description.

8 illustrates a specific configuration of a header when the OFDM mode is applied. The OFDM header includes information indicating an initial value of scrambling, an MCS, information indicating a length of data, information indicating whether an additional PPDU exists, packet type, training length, aggregation, beam training request, last RSSI, truncation, and HCS. (Header Check Sequence) may be included. In addition, as shown in FIG. 8, the header has 2 bits of reserved bits, and in the following description, such reserved bits may be utilized as in the case of FIG.

As described above, the IEEE 802.11ay system is considering introducing channel bonding and MIMO technology for the first time in the existing 11ad system. To implement channel bonding and MIMO in 11ay, a new PPDU structure is needed. That is, the existing 11ad PPDU structure has limitations in supporting legacy terminals and implementing channel bonding and MIMO.

To this end, a new field for the 11ay terminal may be defined after the legacy preamble and the legacy header field for supporting the legacy terminal. Here, channel bonding and MIMO may be supported through the newly defined field.

9 illustrates a PPDU structure according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 9, the horizontal axis may correspond to the time domain and the vertical axis may correspond to the frequency domain.

When two or more channels are bonded, a frequency band (eg, 400 MHz band) of a predetermined size may exist between frequency bands (eg, 1.83 GHz) used in each channel. In the mixed mode, legacy preambles (legacy STFs, legacy CEs) are transmitted as duplicates through each channel. In an embodiment of the present invention, a new STF and CE are simultaneously transmitted together with the legacy preambles through a 400 MHz band between each channel. Gap filling may be considered.

In this case, as shown in FIG. 9, the PPDU structure according to the present invention transmits ay STF, ay CE, ay header B, and payload in a broadband manner after legacy preamble, legacy header, and ay header A. Has a form. Therefore, the ay header, ay Payload field, and the like transmitted after the header field may be transmitted through channels used for bonding. Hereinafter, the ay header may be referred to as an enhanced directional multi-gigabit (EDMG) header to distinguish the ay header from the legacy header, and the name may be used interchangeably.

For example, a total of six or eight channels (each 2.16 GHz) may exist in 11ay, and a single STA may bond and transmit up to four channels. Thus, the ay header and ay Payload may be transmitted through 2.16 GHz, 4.32 GHz, 6.48 GHz, 8.64 GHz bandwidth.

Alternatively, the PPDU format when repeatedly transmitting the legacy preamble without performing the gap-filling as described above may also be considered.

In this case, ay STF, ay CE, and ay header B are replaced by a legacy preamble, legacy header, and ay header A without a GF-Filling and thus without the GF-STF and GF-CE fields shown by dotted lines in FIG. 8. It has a form of transmission.

10 is a diagram schematically illustrating a PPDU structure applicable to the present invention. Briefly summarizing the above-described PPDU format can be represented as shown in FIG.

As shown in FIG. 10, the PPDU format applicable to the 11ay system includes L-STF, L-CEF, L-Header, EDMG-Header-A, EDMG-STF, EDMG-CEF, EDMG-Header-B, Data, It may include a TRN field, which may be selectively included according to the type of the PPDU (eg, SU PPDU, MU PPDU, etc.).

Here, a portion including the L-STF, L-CEF, and L-header fields may be referred to as a non-EDMG portion, and the remaining portion may be referred to as an EDMG region. In addition, the L-STF, L-CEF, L-Header, and EDMG-Header-A fields may be called pre-EDMG modulated fields, and the rest may be called EDMG modulated fields.

3. offered Example

As described above, in the 11ay system to which the present invention is applicable, methods such as channel bonding, channel aggregation, and FDMA for transmitting data using a plurality of channels simultaneously may be applied. In particular, in the 11ay system to which the present invention is applicable, a beamforming operation may be applied to transmit and receive a signal with high frequency by using a signal of a high frequency band.

However, the conventional 11ad system only discloses a beamforming method for one channel, and does not suggest any beamforming method applicable to a plurality of channels. Accordingly, the present invention proposes a beamforming procedure applicable to a data transmission method (eg, channel bonding, channel combining, FDMA, etc.) through a plurality of channels according to the 11ay system.

More specifically, hereinafter, the STA performs beamforming on only one channel prior to data transmission in order to perform data transmission through beamforming (section 3.1) and beamforming on a plurality of continuous or discontinuous channels. Each method is described in detail in Section 3.2.

3.1. Only for one channel Beamforming  Perform

11 is a diagram illustrating an operation of performing beamforming on one channel according to an embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 11, an STA that wants to transmit data through a beamforming operation is called an initiator, and an STA that receives data from the initiator is called a responder. In addition, although only a total of two channels (eg, CH1 and CH2) are disclosed in FIG. 11, the configuration of the present invention may be extended to channel bonding and channel combining through three or more channels.

As shown in FIG. 11, a beamforming procedure according to an embodiment of the present invention may include a sector level sweep (SLS) phase, a channel bonding setup phase, and a channel bonding transmission phase. It can be composed of). Hereinafter, the features of each step will be described in detail.

3.1.1. SLS  step ( SLS  phase)

In the 60 GHz band supported by the 11ay system to which the present invention is applicable, a directional transmission scheme may be applied instead of an omni transmission scheme to more reliably transmit data and control information.

As a process for this, STAs that want to transmit / receive data may know the TX or RX best sectors for the initiator and the responder through the SLS process.

For a more detailed description, components applicable to the SLS step will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

12 shows an example of a beamforming training process applicable to the present invention.

In BF training that occurs within an Association BeamForming Training (A-BFT) assignment, the AP or PCP / AP is an initiator and the non-AP and non-PCP / AP STAs are responders. In BF training that occurs within an SP assignment, the source (EDMG) STA of the SP is the initiator and the destination STA of the SP becomes a responder. For BF training in Transmission Opportunity (TXOP) assignment, the TXOP holder is the initiator and the TXOP responder becomes the responder.

The link from the initiator to the responder is called an initiator link and the link from the responder to the initiator is called a responder link.

BF training begins with SLS (Sector Level Sweep) from the initiator. The purpose of the SLS phase is to enable communication between two STAs at a control PHY rate or higher MCS. In particular, the SLS phase only provides for transmitting BF training.

In addition, the SLS may be followed by the BRP (Beam Refinement Protocol or Beam Refinement Phase) if requested by the initiator or responder.

The purpose of the BRP phase is to enable receive training and to enable iterative refinement of the antenna weight vector (AWV) of all transmitters and receivers at all STAs. If one of the STAs participating in the beam training chooses to use only one transmit antenna pattern, the reception training may be performed as part of the SLS step.

Specifically, the SLS step may include four elements: an initiator sweep (ISS) for training an initiator link and a responder sector sweep (RSS) for training a responder link. , SSW feedback, SSW ACK.

The initiator begins the SLS phase by sending the frame (s) of the ISS.

The Responder does not begin sending the frame (s) of RSS before the ISS completes successfully. However, there may be an exception if the ISS occurs within the BTI.

The initiator does not start SSW feedback before the RSS phase completes successfully. However, there may be an exception when the RSS is generated within the A-BFT. The Responder does not initiate the SSW ACK of the Initiator within the A-BFT.

The Responder starts the SSW ACK of the initiator immediately after successful completion of the SSW feedback of the initiator.

The BF frame transmitted by the initiator during the SLS phase may include an (EDMG) beacon frame, an SSW frame, and an SSW feedback frame. During the SLS step, the BF frame transmitted by the responder may include an SSW frame and an SSW-ACK frame.

If the initiator and responder respectively perform TXSS (Transmit Sector Sweep) during SLS, the initiator and responder poses their own sector of transport at the end of the SLS phase. If the ISS or RSS uses a receive sector sweep, each responder or initiator has its own receive sector.

The STA does not change the transmit power during sector sweep.

13 and 14 show examples of an SLS step.

In Fig. 13, the branch office has many sectors, and the responder has one transmitting sector and one receiving sector used in RSS. Thus, the responder transmits all responder SSW frames on the same transmission sector, while the initiator switches the receive antenna.

In FIG. 14 the initiator has many transmission sectors and the responder has one transmission sector. In this case, receive training for the initiator may be performed at the BRP stage.

Such SLS can be summarized as follows.

SLS is a protocol for performing link detection in an 802.11ay system to which the present invention is applicable. In this case, network nodes continuously transmit and receive frames including the same information while changing only the direction of the beam, and successfully receive the frames. Among the indicators indicating the performance of the reception channel link (for example, Signal to Ratio (SNR), Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), etc.) is a beam training method for selecting the best beam direction.

Then, BRP can be summarized as follows.

BRP is a protocol for finely adjusting the beam direction that can maximize the data rate in the beam direction determined by SLS or other means, and can be performed as necessary. Such a BRP performs beam training using a BRP frame including beam training information and information for reporting a training result defined for the BRP protocol. For example, the BRP transmits and receives a BRP frame using a beam determined by previous beam training, and performs beam training substantially using a beam training sequence included at the end of the successfully transmitted and received BRP frame. Beam training method. SLS uses the frame itself for beam training, but BRP may differ in that it uses only the beam training sequence.

This, SLS step may be performed in a Beacon Header Interval (BHI) and / or a Data Transfer Interval (DTI).

First, the SLS step performed during BHI may be the same as the SLS step defined in the 11ad system for coexistence with the 11ad system.

Subsequently, the SLS step performed during the DTI may be performed when the beamforming training between the initiator and the responder is not performed or the beamforming link (BF link) is lost. In this case, when the initiator and the responder are 11ay STAs, the initiator and the responder may transmit a short SSW frame instead of the SSW frame for the SLS step.

Here, the short SSW frame may be defined as a frame including a short SSW packet in a data field of a DMG control PHY or a DMG control mode PPDU. In this case, a specific format of the short SSW packet may be set differently according to a purpose (eg, I-TXSS, R-TXSS, etc.) for transmitting the short SSW packet.

The above-described features of the SLS step may be applied to all the SLS steps described later.

3.1.2. channel Bonding  Channel bonding setup phase

Referring to FIG. 11, STAs (eg, initiators, responders, etc.) for data communication in this step exchange channel setup, channel combining, FDMA transmission, etc. while transmitting and receiving a setup frame (RTS) and a DMG CTS (feedback frame). Control information can be transmitted and received. In this case, as information transmitted / received from each other, information for a transmission method using a plurality of channels, such as channel bonding, channel bandwidth, channel bonding, and FDMA, may be applied.

In this embodiment, the beamforming training for one channel (eg, primary channel) is performed through the above-described SLS step, and the initiator and the responder perform beamforming results (eg, best sector) for the one channel. Direction) is equally applicable to other channels. Accordingly, when the initiator and the responder transmit the RTS and the DMG CTS through a plurality of channels, the initiator and the responder may transmit the RTS and the DMG CTS by applying the best sector direction determined through the SLS step to all channels.

3.1.3. channel Bonding  Channel bonding transmission phase

As shown in FIG. 11, the initiator receives a DMG CTS, which is a response to the transmitted RTS, and then uses a plurality of idle channels using information such as channel information and channel bandwidth negotiated with the responder. Actual data can be transferred.

More specifically, the initiator may transmit and receive an RTS and a DMG CTS with a responder through the above-described channel bonding setting step, and may transmit and receive information on an actual channel to which a channel bonding (or channel combining) method is applied.

For example, although not shown in FIG. 11, although the initiator transmits the RTS through a total of four channels, the initiator may receive DMG CTS for two channels from the responder. This is because the Responder has determined that the remaining two channels are currently busy or unavailable.

In this way, the initiator and the responder may obtain information about the channels that are available for data transmission, and the initiator may transmit data over the channels that are substantially available.

In this case, the initiator and the responder perform beamforming training on one channel (eg, CH1, primary channel), and thus, all the channels are obtained from the beamforming training result (eg, best sector direction) obtained through the one channel. It can be applied to send and receive data signals.

In FIG. 11, although the initiator initiates only an operation of transmitting data through channel bonding, the initiator may transmit data in a channel combining method.

In response, the responder may send an ACK frame on the channel through which the initiator sent data. In this case, the ACK frame may be duplicated and transmitted through each channel through which the initiator transmits data, or may be transmitted by channel bonding.

3.2. For multiple channels Beamforming  Perform

Hereinafter, a beamforming procedure in which the above-described beamforming operation is performed on a plurality of channels (preferably, a channel through which the initiator and the responder transmit and receive data) will be described in detail.

The beamforming training operation for one channel described above may not be optimized for channel bonding using a plurality of channels for the following reasons.

The characteristics of one channel may not always be the same as the characteristics of another channel.

The beamforming training result for one channel may be different from the beamforming training result for the entire bandwidth.

Therefore, this section will be described in detail with respect to a specific method for performing beamforming training for the entire bandwidth used for channel bonding as a method for maximizing the performance gain according to channel bonding.

15 is a diagram illustrating an operation of performing beamforming on a plurality of channels according to another embodiment of the present invention. As in the case of FIG. 11, in FIG. 15, an STA that intends to transmit data through a beamforming operation is called an initiator, and an STA that receives data from the initiator is called a responder. In addition, although only a total of two channels (eg, CH1 and CH2) are disclosed in FIG. 15, the configuration of the present invention may be extended to channel bonding and channel combining through three or more channels.

As illustrated in FIG. 15, an operation of performing beamforming on a plurality of channels according to another example of the present invention may include an SLS step, a channel bonding setting step, a wideband SLS step, and a channel bonding transmission step. In this case, the wideband SLS step is not limited to the conventional SLS configuration, and may include all beamforming training methods that can be extended to wideband beamforming training. For example, the wideband SLS step may be replaced with a wideband BRP step that extends the conventional BRP step or may include the wideband BRP step.

16 is a diagram illustrating an operation of performing beamforming on a plurality of channels according to another embodiment of the present invention.

As described above, the wideband SLS step of FIG. 15 may be replaced with the wideband BRP step of FIG. 16. Alternatively, in another embodiment, the wideband SLS step of FIG. 15 may be configured as a wideband beamforming training step further including a wideband BRP step.

3.2.1. SLS  step ( SLS  phase)

3.1.1. Similar to the operation described above in the section, the initiator and the responder may perform the SLS step. This step allows the initiator and the responder to perform beamforming training for one channel (eg, primary cahnnel).

The SLS step will be described in detail above, and a description thereof will be omitted.

3.2.2. channel Bonding  Channel bonding setup phase

3.1.2. As described above in the section, the initiator and the responder transmit and receive an RTS frame (Setup frame) and a DMG CTS frame (Feedback frame) through the channel bonding setting step, and transmit and receive information for channel bonding, channel combining, and FDMA transmission. Can be.

In addition, the initiator and the responder may transmit and receive information on a method of simultaneously beamforming training other than the information.

The initiator may inform the responder whether to perform beamforming training on a plurality of channels through a setup frame or an RTS frame. To this end, the initiator may transmit the configuration frame or the RTS frame including information indicating whether or not beamforming training for a plurality of channels to the responder.

The responder may inform the initiator whether beamforming training for the plurality of channels is possible through a feedback frame or a DMG CTS frame. To this end, the responder may transmit the feedback frame or DMG CTS frame including information indicating whether or not beamforming training for a plurality of channels to the initiator.

In addition, respondents may receive a wideband SLS stage Initiator TX Sector Sweep (I-TXSS), Initiator RX Sector Sweep (I-RXSS), or Responder TX Sector Sweep (R-TXSS) (Responder RX Sector Sweep) can tell the initiator whether to perform. In addition, the responder may indicate whether to simultaneously beam-train the TX and the RX through the feedback frame or the DMG CTS frame.

Alternatively, the responder may indicate whether to perform TX beamforming training or RX beamforming training in a wideband BRP step through a feedback frame or a DMG CTS frame. Alternatively, the responder may inform whether to simultaneously beam-train TX and RX through a feedback frame or a DMG CTS frame.

As described above, the beamforming training related information exchanged between the initiator and the responder in the channel bonding setting step may be included in any one of a setup frame and a feedback frame.

In addition, when the initiator wants to transmit data to the responder in an FDMA manner, the initiator may perform FDMA transmission setting through the channel bonding setting step.

In more detail, the initiator may signal a resource unit (RU) allocation, a channel feedback request, a reporting method, etc. through a configuration frame (or an RTS frame).

In addition, the responder may inform a Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) or Signal to Interference & Noise Ratio (SINR) as a feedback value for available channels through a feedback frame.

As such, the initiator and the responder may transmit and receive the RTS frame and the DMG CTS frame to each other during the channel bonding setting step. In this case, the initiator and the responder perform beamforming training on one channel (for example, primary channel) through the above-described SLS step, and applies the best sector direction of the one channel to the other channel. The RTS frame and the DMG CTS frame may be transmitted and received. In this case, the RTS frame and the DMG CTS frame transmitted through each channel may be duplicated and transmitted for each channel.

3.2.3. Broadband SLS Of BRP  step ( wideband SLS Of BRP  phase)

17 is a diagram illustrating in detail a beamforming operation to which a wideband SLS step is applied according to an example of the present invention, and FIG. 18 is a diagram illustrating a beamforming operation to which a wideband SLS step is applied according to another example of the present invention.

As illustrated in FIGS. 17 and 18, the initiator and the responder may signal various pieces of information through a setup frame and a feedback frame transmitted and received in the channel bonding setup step. This will be omitted as described above.

In this case, the wideband SLS step according to the examples of FIGS. 17 and 18 may be replaced with the wideband BRP step as shown in FIG. 16. In this case, the initiator and the responder may perform beamforming training by combining the TRN field at the end of the BRP frame and the PPDU instead of the SSW / short-SSW in the wideband BRP phase.

Hereinafter, an embodiment to which the wideband SLS step is applied will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 17 and 18 as follows.

17 and 18 illustrate an example in which the initiator transmits an SSW frame, the initiator may transmit both the SSW frame and the Short-SSW frame (or select one of them) in the broadband SLS step. Correspondingly, the responder may send both (or select one) feedback frames, both SSW feedback and Short-SSW feedback, and both SSW Ack and Short SSW Ack.

17 and 18 illustrate only the TXSS process of the initiator. As shown in FIGS. 17 and 18, the initiator receives the feedback frame, which is a response to the transmitted setup frame, and then responds to the negotiated beamforming training method. And may be performed through a plurality of channels.

Additionally, the beamforming training method applicable to the present invention includes I-TXSS, I-RXSS, R-TXSS, R-RXSS, and the like. In this case, the initiator and the responder may perform the beamforming trainings individually or mix and perform TX and RX beam training simultaneously in the wideband SLS step.

In particular, when the initiator wants to transmit data in a channel combining manner instead of channel bonding, the initiator and the responder may perform beamforming training in the form of channel combining.

For reference, a difference in bandwidth according to channel bonding and channel combining will be described in detail with reference to FIG. 19.

FIG. 19 is a diagram illustrating bandwidth according to channel bonding and channel combining according to an embodiment applicable to the present invention.

In FIG. 19, A means bandwidth when CH1 and CH2 are channel bonded, and B + C means bandwidth when CH3 and CH4 are channel coupled.

As such, when continuous channels are bonded, a bandwidth including a gap between each channel (eg, 334.6875 MHz) may be a bandwidth for channel bonding.

Alternatively, when discontinuous channels are combined, a bandwidth that does not include a gap between each channel may be a bandwidth for channel combining.

Next, the difference between the broadband SLS steps according to FIGS. 17 and 18 will be described.

As shown in FIG. 17, the initiator may transmit an SSW frame (or short SSW frame) in the form of channel bonding, and the initiator may copy and transmit an SSW frame (or short SSW frame) for each channel.

In response, the responder may send a response frame (eg, SSW ACK or Short SSW ACK) to the initiator as a result of the sector sweep of the initiator. In this case, the response frame may be transmitted in the form of channel bonding (or broadband) or may be transmitted by being copied for each channel.

Preferably, if the R-TXSS was performed in wideband (or in the form of channel bonding), the responder may transmit the response frame in wideband (or channel bonding). This is because the beamforming training result value according to the R-TXSS is an optimal beam direction for wideband (or channel bonding) based signal transmission.

Also, preferably, if the R-TXSS has not been performed over a wide band (or in the form of channel bonding), the responder may copy and transmit the response frame for each channel. This is because the beamforming training according to the R-TXSS is not performed in a wide band (or in the form of channel bonding), and the transmission beam direction of the responder is an optimal beam direction for signal transmission for each channel.

However, the R-TXSS may be performed when the responder has data or other signal to transmit to the initiator. In other words, when only the initiator transmits data to the responder in a channel bonding manner, the R-TXSS may be omitted. Accordingly, the responder may copy and transmit a response frame (eg, SSW ACK) for each channel as shown in FIGS. 17 and 18.

As another example, a wideband BRP step may be applied instead of (or in addition to, the wideband SLS step) of FIGS. 17 and 18.

In the wideband BRP phase, BRP frames are transmitted. Alternatively, a new BRP frame including information on the broadband channel may be transmitted in the BRP frame defined in the conventional 11ad system.

More specifically, the responder transmits a setup frame in the channel bonding setup step and receives a feedback frame that is a response thereto. Subsequently, the beamforming training method negotiated through transmission and reception of the configuration frame and the feedback frame is performed through the plurality of channels with the responder.

In this case, applicable beamforming training methods may include TX, RX, TX, and RX.

In addition, as described above, when the initiator wants to transmit data by channel combining rather than channel bonding, the initiator and the responder may perform beamforming training in the form of channel combining.

As such, the initiator may send a BRP frame to the responder to perform beamforming training for a plurality of channels. Correspondingly, the responder may transmit the result of the beamforming training of the initiator in a wideband form (or channel bonding form) or may copy and transmit each channel.

Advantageously, if the responder's TX beamforming training has been performed in broadband form (or channel bonding form), the responder may transmit the results for the beamforming training in broadband form (or channel bonding form). This is because the TX beamforming training result of the responder is an optimal beam direction for response frame transmission based on wideband (or channel bonding).

Alternatively, if the TX beamforming training of the respondent is not performed in a broadband form (or channel bonding form), the responder may copy and transmit a result of the beamforming training for each channel. This is because the TX beamforming training of the respondent is not performed in a wideband form (or channel bonding form), and the transmit beam direction of the responder is an optimal beam direction for signal transmission for each channel.

3.2.4. channel Bonding  Channel bonding transmission phase

3.1.3. Similar to the clause, the initiator and the responder may transmit and receive actual data based on the beamforming training results for the plurality of channels through the above-described steps. More specifically, the initiator and the responder transmit and receive negotiated channel information and channel bandwidth information through transmission and reception of an RTS frame and a DMG CTS frame, and perform beamforming training on a plurality of channels using the transmitted and received information. Perform. Subsequently, the initiator and the responder transmit and receive data based on the beamforming training result, and the beamforming training is performed on an ideal channel, and the data can also be transmitted and received through an ideal channel.

In the above embodiment, the initiator and the responder performed beamforming training for one channel as well as beamforming training for one channel (eg, primary channel), and thus, a plurality of channels such as channel bonding, channel combining, FDMA, etc. In the data transmission method through the optimal link budget (link budget) can be achieved.

In this case, the responder may transmit an ACK frame as a response to the data through a plurality of channels through which data is received. As a method for this, the responder may transmit an ACK frame or copy an ACK frame for each channel by channel bonding through the plurality of channels. As a preferred example, if the TX beamforming train of the responder is performed by channel bonding, the responder may transmit an ACK frame in the form of channel bonding. This is because the result of the TX beamforming training of the responder indicates an optimal beam direction for signal transmission in the form of channel bonding.

20 is a view showing a data transmission and reception method of a station applicable to the present invention. For convenience of description, it is assumed in FIG. 20 that an initiator STA 210 means an STA that transmits data, and a responder STA 220 means an STA that receives data transmitted by the initiator STA 210. However, in actual implementation, each STA may be changed and operated from time to time to the initiator STA 210 or the responder STA 220 within each step described below. In other words, each STA may operate as an initiator STA 210 and / or a responder STA 220 at each step described below as needed.

Here, the initiator STA 210 may be a PCP / AP STA, and the responder STA 220 may be a Non-PCP / AP STA. Alternatively, the initiator STA 210 may be a Non-PCP / AP STA and the responder STA 220 may be a PCP / AP STA. Alternatively, the initiator STA 210 and the responder STA 220 may both be PCP / AP STAs or non-PCP / AP STAs.

As shown in FIG. 20, the method for transmitting / receiving data of a station applicable to the present invention may include three steps (S2010, S2020, S2040) or four steps (S2010, S2020, S2030, S2040) according to an embodiment. have. Features described in common in the following description may be commonly applied to a data transmission / reception method composed of three or four steps, and features described as differences may be applied to each configuration differentially.

First, in step S2010, the initiator STA 210 and the responder STA 220 perform beamforming training on one channel (eg, a primary channel on the system) among a plurality of channels supported by the WLAN system. To perform. Specific signal transmission and reception operations for this may include transmission and reception of SSW frames (or short SSW frames) and transmission and reception of SSW ACKs as shown in FIGS. 11 to 16.

In particular, in step S2010, the initiator STA 210 transmits one or more SSW frames (or short SSW frames) to the responder STA 220 through the one channel and from the responder STA 220 through the one channel. SSW ACK may be received. Initiator STA 210 may then determine the best sector information for the one channel based on the received SSW ACK.

Correspondingly, in step S2010, the responder STA 210 may also know the best sector information of the initiator STA 210 for the one channel.

In addition, in step S2010, the responder STA 220 may also know (RX) best sector information of the responder STA 210 for the one channel. In this case, the responder STA 220 receives a signal transmitted from the initiator STA 210 in steps S2020 and S2040 using (RX) best sector information of the responder STA 210 for the one channel ( When the method for transmitting / receiving data of a station according to the present invention is composed of three steps), or the signal transmitted from the initiator STA 210 in step S2020, the (RX) best of the responder STA 210 for the one channel. It can be received using the sector information (when the method of transmitting and receiving data of the station according to the present invention is composed of four steps).

In step S2020, the initiator STA 210 transmits and receives a signal with the responder STA 220 by using the best sector information for the one channel determined in step S2010 and the one or more channels to transmit data in step S2040 The data transmission method using the above channel is determined. In response, the responder STA 220 may determine one or more channels to receive data and a data transmission method using the one or more channels by transmitting and receiving a signal with the initiator STA 210. In this case, when the RX best sector information of the responder STA 220 is determined in step S2010, the responder STA 220 may transmit and receive a signal with the initiator STA 210 using the RX best sector information.

Specific signal transmission and reception operations for this may include transmission and reception of a setup frame (eg, an RTS frame) and a feedback frame (eg, a DMG CTS frame) as shown in FIGS. 11 and 15 to 18.

More specifically, the initiator STA 210 applies the best sector information for the one channel determined in step S2010 to the responder STA 220 to all or some of the plurality of channels including the one channel, respectively. A setup frame for each channel is transmitted, and a feedback frame is received through each channel in response to the setup frame for each channel from the responder STA 220. Accordingly, the best sector information determined in step S2010 may be applied to the configuration frame transmitted through the plurality of channels as illustrated in FIGS. 11 and 15 to 18.

In this case, the configuration frame may include channel information and channel bandwidth information required by the initiator STA 210 for data transmission. Correspondingly, the feedback frame may include channel information and channel bandwidth information available to the responder STA 220 for data reception in response to the configuration frame.

Accordingly, the initiator STA 210 may determine at least one channel to transmit the data and a data transmission method using the at least one channel based on the received feedback information.

Here, as the data transmission method applicable to the present invention, a channel bonding method, a channel aggregation method, and an FDMA method may be applied. In this case, the channel bonding method may mean a method of transmitting the data by bonding a plurality of consecutive channels, and the channel combining method may mean a method of transmitting the data by combining a plurality of consecutive or discontinuous channels. .

Additionally, according to the data transmission / reception method including four steps (S2010, S2020, S2030, and S2040) of the data transmission / reception method of the station applicable to the present invention, in step S2020, the initiator STA 210 performs a plurality of channels through a setup frame. The responder STA 220 may be informed whether to perform beamforming training on the responder STA 220. In response, the responder STA 220 may inform the initiator STA 210 whether beamforming training for a plurality of channels is possible through a feedback frame.

In addition, the responder STA 220 may perform some form of beamforming training (eg, I-TXSS, I-TXSS, R-TXSS, R-RXSS, TX beamforming, RX beamforming, TX, and the like) in step S2030 through a feedback frame. The initiator STA 210 may be informed whether to perform RX beamforming).

According to the data transmission and reception method consisting of three steps (S2010, S2020, S2040) of the data transmission and reception method of the station applicable to the present invention, in step S2040 the initiator STA 210 is determined for the one or more channels determined in step S2020 The data is transmitted to the responder STA 220 through the determined one or more channels by applying a data transmission method. In detail, the initiator STA 210 may apply the best sector information determined in operation S2010 to each of the determined one or more channels, and then transmit the data to the responder STA 220 using the determined data transmission method.

Alternatively, according to the data transmission and reception method consisting of four steps (S2010, S2020, S2030, S2040) of the data transmission and reception method of the station applicable to the present invention, the data transmission and reception method of the station applicable to the present invention may further include a step S2030. Can be.

In step S2030, the initiator STA 210 may perform beamforming training on one or more channels determined as channels to transmit data in step S2020.

In the specific signal transmission / reception operation for this, as shown in FIGS. 15 to 18, the initiator STA 210 transmits one or more SSW frames (or short SSW frames) or BRP frames to the responder STA 220, and the responder STA 220. It can receive a response frame for the frame transmitted from.

In this case, the initiator STA 210 may determine the best sector information for the one or more channels determined as a channel for transmitting data in step S2020 based on the received response frame.

Accordingly, in step S2040, the initiator STA 210 applies the best sector information determined in step S2030 and the data transmission method determined in step S2020 to one or more channels determined as channels for transmitting data in step S2020, and then responds to the STA 220. Data can be sent to. In response, the responder STA 220 may receive data transmitted by the initiator STA 210 as described above.

4. Device Configuration

21 is a view for explaining an apparatus for implementing the method as described above.

The wireless device 100 of FIG. 21 may correspond to the initiator STA described in the above description, and the wireless device 150 may correspond to the responder STA described in the above description. In this case, each station may correspond to an 11ay terminal or a PCP / AP. Hereinafter, for convenience of description, a station corresponding to the initiator STA is called a transmitting device 100 and a station corresponding to a responder STA is called a receiving device 150.

The transmitter 100 may include a processor 110, a memory 120, and a transceiver 130, and the receiver device 150 may include a processor 160, a memory 170, and a transceiver 180. can do. The transceiver 130 and 180 may transmit / receive a radio signal and may be executed in a physical layer such as IEEE 802.11 / 3GPP. The processors 110 and 160 are executed in the physical layer and / or the MAC layer and are connected to the transceivers 130 and 180.

The processors 110 and 160 and / or the transceivers 130 and 180 may include application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), other chipsets, logic circuits, and / or data processors. The memory 120, 170 may include read-only memory (ROM), random access memory (RAM), flash memory, memory card, storage medium and / or other storage unit. When an embodiment is executed by software, the method described above can be executed as a module (eg, process, function) that performs the functions described above. The module may be stored in the memories 120 and 170 and may be executed by the processors 110 and 160. The memories 120 and 170 may be disposed inside or outside the processes 110 and 160, and may be connected to the processes 110 and 160 by well-known means.

The detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed as described above is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make and practice the invention. Although the above has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art will understand that the present invention can be variously modified and changed from the above description. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

As described above, the present invention has been described assuming that it is applied to an IEEE 802.11-based WLAN system, but the present invention is not limited thereto. The present invention can be applied in the same manner to various wireless systems capable of data transmission based on channel bonding.

Claims (13)

  1. In a method for transmitting data to a second STA by the first station (STA) in the WLAN system using one or more channels,
    Performing first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the second STA and the WLAN system;
    Determining at least one channel to transmit data by transmitting and receiving a signal by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training, and a data transmission method using the at least one channel; And
    And transmitting the data through the determined one or more channels to the second STA by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    Performing the first beamforming training for the one channel,
    The first STA transmits one or more sector sweep (SSW) frames or short SSW frames to the second STA through the one channel;
    Receiving an SSW Acknowledgment (ACK) over the one channel from the second STA; And
    Determining best sector information for the one channel based on the received SSW ACK.
  3. The method of claim 1,
    The one channel is a primary channel (primary channel) set in the WLAN system, the data transmission method.
  4. The method of claim 1,
    Determining one or more channels for transmitting the data and a data transmission method using the one or more channels by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using the best sector information for the one channel determined through the first beamforming training; Thing,
    The first STA applies the best sector information for the one channel determined through the first beamforming training to the second STA to all or some of the plurality of channels including the one channel for each channel. Send set frame;
    Receiving a feedback frame through each channel in response to the configuration frame for each channel from the second STA; And
    And determining at least one channel to transmit the data and a data transmission method using the at least one channel based on the received feedback information.
  5. The method of claim 4, wherein
    The setting frame is a RTS (Ready To Send) frame,
    The feedback frame is a Clear To Send (CTS) frame.
  6. The method of claim 4, wherein
    The feedback information includes channel information and channel bandwidth information for the data transmission.
  7. The method of claim 1,
    The data transmission method,
    A channel bonding method of transmitting the data by bonding a plurality of consecutive channels; or
    And a channel aggregation method for transmitting the data by combining a plurality of consecutive or discontinuous channels.
  8. The method of claim 1,
    Transmitting the data through the determined one or more channels to the second STA by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels,
    Transmitting the data to the second STA through the determined one or more channels by applying the best sector information for the one channel and the determined data transmission method for the determined one or more channels; .
  9. The method of claim 1,
    The data transmission method,
    And performing second beamforming training on the determined one or more channels with the second STA;
    Transmitting the data through the determined one or more channels to the second STA by applying the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels,
    And transmitting the data through the determined one or more channels to the second STA by applying the best sector information and the determined data transmission method determined through the second beamforming training to the determined one or more channels. Data transfer method.
  10. The method of claim 9,
    Performing the second beamforming training for the second STA and the determined one or more channels,
    The first STA applies the determined data transmission method to the determined one or more channels to the second STA through the determined one or more channels, to one or more sector sweep (SSW) frames, a short SSW frame, or a BRP ( Beam refinement protocol) frame;
    Receiving a response frame for a frame transmitted by the first STA through the determined one or more channels from the second STA; And
    Determining best sector information for the determined one or more channels based on the received response frame.
  11. In a WLAN system, a first station (STA) receives data using one or more channels from a second STA,
    Performing first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the second STA and the WLAN system;
    Determining at least one channel to receive data by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training, and a data transmission method using the at least one channel; And
    And applying the determined data transmission method for the determined one or more channels to receive the data transmitted over the determined one or more channels.
  12. A station apparatus for transmitting data using one or more channels in a WLAN system,
    A transceiver having one or more RF (Radio Frequency) chains and configured to transmit and receive a signal with another station apparatus; And
    It is connected to the transceiver, and includes a processor for processing a signal transmitted and received with the other station device,
    The processor,
    Performing first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the other STA and the WLAN system;
    Determining at least one channel to transmit data by transmitting and receiving a signal to and from another STA using best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training, and a data transmission method using the at least one channel; And
    And transmit the data through the determined one or more channels to the other STA by applying the determined data transmission method for the determined one or more channels.
  13. A station apparatus for receiving data using one or more channels in a WLAN system,
    A transceiver having one or more RF (Radio Frequency) chains and configured to transmit and receive a signal with another station apparatus; And
    It is connected to the transceiver, and includes a processor for processing a signal transmitted and received with the other station device,
    The processor,
    Performing first beamforming training on one of a plurality of channels supported by the second STA and the WLAN system;
    Determining at least one channel to receive data by transmitting and receiving a signal with the second STA using best sector information of the one channel determined through the first beamforming training, and a data transmission method using the at least one channel; And
    And apply the determined data transmission method for the determined one or more channels to receive the data transmitted over the determined one or more channels.
PCT/KR2017/007559 2016-07-15 2017-07-14 Method for transmitting or receiving data in wireless lan system and device therefor WO2018012920A1 (en)

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US201662369754P true 2016-08-02 2016-08-02
US62/369,754 2016-08-02
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US62/381,045 2016-08-30

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US16/317,808 US10575333B2 (en) 2016-07-15 2017-07-14 Method for transmitting or receiving data in wireless LAN system and device therefor
EP17827990.7A EP3487252A4 (en) 2016-07-15 2017-07-14 Method for transmitting or receiving data in wireless lan system and device therefor
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US10575333B2 (en) 2020-02-25
KR20190011807A (en) 2019-02-07

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