WO2017166519A1 - Three-dimensional conveying and sorting vehicle having radio frequency reading and writing functions - Google Patents

Three-dimensional conveying and sorting vehicle having radio frequency reading and writing functions Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017166519A1
WO2017166519A1 PCT/CN2016/089325 CN2016089325W WO2017166519A1 WO 2017166519 A1 WO2017166519 A1 WO 2017166519A1 CN 2016089325 W CN2016089325 W CN 2016089325W WO 2017166519 A1 WO2017166519 A1 WO 2017166519A1
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assembly
wheel
pallet
driving wheel
radio frequency
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PCT/CN2016/089325
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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田艺儿
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田艺儿
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Publication of WO2017166519A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017166519A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G35/00Mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting

Abstract

A three-dimensional conveying and sorting vehicle having radio frequency reading and writing functions comprises a vehicle frame assembly (1), a driving wheel assembly (2), an auxiliary wheel assembly (3), a cargo tray assembly (4), a steering device, a collision prevention and speed regulation device (6), an external control photoelectric instruction collection pile (7), an electrical control device (8), and a radio frequency card assembly (9). The sorting vehicle has the advantages that the sorting vehicle has a small turning radius, occupies a smaller area, has a strong gradeability and a high space utilization rate, can prevent collisions and is stable, and has the two functions of conveying and sorting tipping.

Description

一种具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车Three-dimensional transmission sorting car with radio frequency reading and writing function 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及一种具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车。The invention relates to a three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function.
背景技术Background technique
传统的航空业旅客行李传输或快递业货物传输都采用橡胶传输带。而传统的传输、分拣装置存在各种缺陷:由于橡胶传输带转弯半径大,爬坡能力差,空间利用率低,传统的航空行李分拣,快递货物分拣装置占地面积大,投入成本高;传统的行李货物皮带式传输装置上无论有几件行李货物传输装置都要开动起来,动力利用率低;传统的行李货物皮带式传输装置无法识别行李货物的位置,无法实施货物定位;传统的行李货物分拣装置是由若干个分拣车串接在一起,由一个动力驱动,只要有一件行李,全部分拣车都要运行,动力利用率低。Traditional air transport passenger baggage transmission or express delivery goods use rubber conveyor belts. The traditional transmission and sorting devices have various defects: due to the large turning radius of the rubber conveyor belt, poor climbing ability, low space utilization, traditional air bag sorting, large-scale express cargo sorting device, and input cost. High; traditional baggage cargo belt conveyors must be activated regardless of the number of baggage cargo transmission devices, and the power utilization rate is low; the traditional baggage cargo belt conveyor cannot identify the position of the baggage cargo and cannot implement cargo positioning; The baggage sorting device is connected by a plurality of sorting cars, driven by one power. As long as there is one piece of baggage, all parts of the car are to be operated, and the power utilization rate is low.
然而,智能航空、智能快递物流需要提高传输分拣的效率,需要减少占地面积,提高空间利用率,需要为传输分拣系统中行李货物定位,实施快速无差错的分拣,需要一种三维立体运行的智能传输分拣车。However, intelligent aviation and intelligent express logistics need to improve the efficiency of transmission sorting, reduce the floor space, improve the space utilization, and need to locate the baggage goods in the transmission sorting system, implement fast and error-free sorting, and need a three-dimensional Stereoscopic intelligent transmission sorting car.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为了克服现有的技术的不足,本发明提供一种具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车。In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle having a radio frequency reading and writing function.
本发明技术方案如下所述:The technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
一种具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,包括车架总成(1)、主动轮总成(2)、辅助轮总成(3)、货物托盘总成(4)、转向装置、防撞与调速装置(6)、外控光电指令采集桩(7)、电气控制装置(8)以及射频卡总成(9);A three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function, comprising: frame assembly (1), driving wheel assembly (2), auxiliary wheel assembly (3), cargo tray assembly (4) , steering device, anti-collision and speed control device (6), external control photoelectric command collection pile (7), electrical control device (8) and radio frequency card assembly (9);
所述车架总成(1)包括车框架(10)、设于所述车框架(10)前后两侧的行 李托板轴(11)以及设于所述车框架(10)侧面的辅助轮轴(12),所述行李托板轴(11)偏向所述车框架(10)的内侧;The frame assembly (1) includes a frame (10) and rows disposed on the front and rear sides of the frame (10) a pallet shaft (11) and an auxiliary axle (12) disposed on a side of the frame (10), the luggage pallet shaft (11) being biased toward an inner side of the frame (10);
所述主动轮总成(2)设于所述车框架(10)一侧的后方,并且与主动轮轨(020)连接,与所述主动轮总成(2)对应的所述车框架(10)一侧的前方设有从动轮总成(2’),所述从动轮总成(2’)与主动轮轨(020)连接;The driving wheel assembly (2) is disposed at a rear side of the vehicle frame (10) and is coupled to the driving wheel rail (020), and the vehicle frame corresponding to the driving wheel assembly (2) ( 10) a driven wheel assembly (2') is provided in front of one side, and the driven wheel assembly (2') is connected to the active wheel rail (020);
所述辅助轮总成(3)固定在所述辅助轮轴(12)上,所述辅助轮总成(3)设于辅助轮轨(021)上;The auxiliary wheel assembly (3) is fixed on the auxiliary wheel axle (12), and the auxiliary wheel assembly (3) is disposed on the auxiliary wheel rail (021);
所述货物托盘总成(4)包括托板(41),所述托板(41)的底部通过托板转动支架(43)固定在所述行李托板轴(11)上,且所述行李托板轴(11)固定在所述车框架(10)靠近所述主动轮总成(2)的一侧;The cargo pallet assembly (4) includes a pallet (41), and a bottom of the pallet (41) is fixed to the luggage pallet shaft (11) by a pallet rotation bracket (43), and the luggage a pallet shaft (11) is fixed to a side of the vehicle frame (10) adjacent to the driving wheel assembly (2);
所述转向装置包括从动轮转向装置总成(5)和主动轮无动力转向控制板(5’),所述从动轮转向装置总成(5)设于所述从动轮总成(2’)上,通过外控电信号用来控制从动轮(2’)的转动,所述主动轮无动力转向控制板(5’)与所述车框架(10)固定连接;The steering device includes a driven wheel steering device assembly (5) and a driving wheel powerless steering control plate (5'), and the driven wheel steering device assembly (5) is disposed on the driven wheel assembly (2') The external control electric signal is used to control the rotation of the driven wheel (2'), and the driving wheel unpowered steering control board (5') is fixedly connected with the vehicle frame (10);
所述防撞与调速装置(6)包括设于所述车框架(10)前后两端的防撞杆(61)和车尾防撞板(61’);The anti-collision and speed regulating device (6) comprises an anti-collision bar (61) and a rear anti-collision plate (61') provided at the front and rear ends of the vehicle frame (10);
所述外控光电指令采集桩(7)设于所述车框架(10)的一侧,其高度与所述路轨上的传输分拣运行的光控指令桩(011)相对应;The externally controlled photoelectric command collecting pile (7) is disposed at one side of the vehicle frame (10), and the height thereof corresponds to a light control command pile (011) of the transmission sorting operation on the track;
所述电气控制装置(8)包括设于所述车框架(10)上的电源处理器(83)、负电集电轮(81)以及正电集电轮(82),所述负电集电轮(81)与所述辅助轮轨(021)连接并接入负电,所述正电集电轮(82)与所述主动轮轨(020)连接并接入正电,所述电源处理器(83)输出直流电; The electrical control device (8) includes a power processor (83), a negative collector wheel (81), and a positive collector wheel (82) disposed on the vehicle frame (10), the negative collector wheel (81) connected to the auxiliary wheel rail (021) and connected to a negative power, the positive electric collector wheel (82) is connected to the active wheel rail (020) and connected to the positive power, the power processor ( 83) output direct current;
所述射频卡总成(9)设于所述车框架(10)的侧面。The radio frequency card assembly (9) is disposed on a side of the vehicle frame (10).
进一步的,所述车框架(10)由方形塑料制成,所述车架总成(1)还包括设于所述车框架(10)上的爬坡稳定电磁铁(13),所述爬坡稳定电磁铁(13)在爬坡运行时通电与路轨产生的吸合力拉住所述车架总成(1)压向所述路轨,所述爬坡稳定电磁铁(13)的吸合面距所述路轨距离小于0.5mm。Further, the vehicle frame (10) is made of square plastic, and the frame assembly (1) further includes a climbing stable electromagnet (13) provided on the vehicle frame (10), the climbing The slope stabilizing electromagnet (13) is energized during the climbing operation and the suction force generated by the rail pulls the frame assembly (1) against the rail, and the climbing surface stabilizes the suction surface of the electromagnet (13) The distance from the rail is less than 0.5 mm.
进一步的,所述主动轮总成(2)包括主动轮(21)和设于所述主动轮(21)上方的主动轮架(23),所述主动轮架(23)固定在所述车框架(10)上,所述主动轮(21)通过主动轮转轴(24)固定在所述主动轮架(23)上,所述主动轮(21)的左右两侧设有主动轮外侧板(22),所述主动轮外侧板(22)的直径大于所述主动轮(21)的直径,使得所述主动轮外侧板(22)能够夹住主动轮轨(020),所述主动轮外侧板(22)的外延设有牙轮,所述主动轮(21)内有电机M1,带动所述主动轮(21)运行,所述从动轮转向装置总成(5)带动所述车框架(10)转动,从而带动所述主动轮无动力转向控制板(5’)推动所述主动轮外侧板(22)使所述主动轮(21)转向。Further, the driving wheel assembly (2) includes a driving wheel (21) and a driving wheel frame (23) disposed above the driving wheel (21), and the driving wheel frame (23) is fixed to the vehicle On the frame (10), the driving wheel (21) is fixed on the driving wheel frame (23) through a driving wheel shaft (24), and the driving wheel outer side plate is provided on the left and right sides of the driving wheel (21) ( 22), the diameter of the driving wheel outer side plate (22) is larger than the diameter of the driving wheel (21), so that the driving wheel outer side plate (22) can clamp the driving wheel rail (020), the driving wheel outer side The extension of the plate (22) is provided with a cone, the driving wheel (21) has a motor M1 for driving the driving wheel (21), and the driven wheel steering assembly (5) drives the frame of the vehicle ( 10) rotating, thereby driving the driving wheel unpowered steering control board (5') to push the driving wheel outer side plate (22) to steer the driving wheel (21).
更进一步的,所述从动轮总成(2’)包括从动轮(21’)和设于所述从动轮(21’)上方的从动轮架(23’),所述从动轮架(23’)固定在所述车框架(10)上,所述从动轮(21’)通过从动轮转轴(24’)固定在所述从动轮架(23’)上,所述从动轮(21’)的左右两侧设有从动轮外侧板(22’),所述从动轮外侧板(22’)的直径大于所述从动轮(21’)的直径,使得所述从动轮外侧板(22’)能够夹住所述主动轮轨(020),所述从动轮外侧板(22’)的外延设有牙轮。Further, the driven wheel assembly (2') includes a driven wheel (21') and a driven wheel carrier (23') disposed above the driven wheel (21'), the driven wheel carrier (23' Fixed to the frame (10) of the vehicle, the driven wheel (21') being fixed to the driven wheel frame (23') by a driven wheel shaft (24'), the driven wheel (21') The left and right sides are provided with a driven wheel outer side plate (22'), and the diameter of the driven wheel outer side plate (22') is larger than the diameter of the driven wheel (21'), so that the driven wheel outer side plate (22') can The driving wheel rail (020) is clamped, and the extension of the driven wheel outer side plate (22') is provided with a cone.
更进一步的,所述主动轮轨(020)和所述辅助轮轨(021)均设置于枕木(022)上,所述主动轮轨(020)在上坡或下坡倾斜状态时,其左右两侧设有链条轨(024)。 Further, the driving wheel rail (020) and the auxiliary wheel rail (021) are both disposed on the sleeper (022), and the driving wheel rail (020) is inclined when the slope is uphill or downhill. Chain rails (024) are provided on both sides.
进一步的,所述辅助轮总成(3)的侧面设有凸出的行李托板倾翻车体稳定滑轮(31),行李托板倾翻车体稳定滑轮(31)位于所述路轨上的传输分拣车倾翻稳定板(023)下方,使得所述车架总成(1)稳定行驶。Further, the side of the auxiliary wheel assembly (3) is provided with a protruding luggage pallet tilting body stability pulley (31), and the luggage pallet tilting body stability pulley (31) is located on the rail. The truck is tilted under the stabilizer plate (023) to make the frame assembly (1) run stably.
进一步的,所述货物托盘总成(4)包括托板(41),所述托板(41)由塑胶板或木板制成,所述托板(41)的中部向内凹陷,其先后两端分别设有托板前后挡板(42),所述托板(41)底端还设有倾翻推力缓冲器(47),所述倾翻推力缓冲器(47)的另一端固定在所述车框架(10)远离所述主动轮总成(2)的一侧,所述托板(41)的底部设有托板倾翻挂钩(44),与所述托板倾翻挂钩(44)下端相匹配的倾翻变位挂钩(45)固定在所述车框架(10)上,并且所述倾翻变位挂钩(45)可绕所述车框架(10)转动,所述倾翻变位挂钩(45)的下端设有可变长度推杆(46),所述可变长度推杆(46)为衔铁,所述可变长度推杆(46)可进行伸缩,所述可变长度推杆(46)伸出状态时,与路轨上的行李托板翻转控制板(014)相接触,使得所述倾翻变位挂钩(45)和所述托板倾翻挂钩(44)相互分离,所述托板(41)的底部还设有托板倾翻计数器(48),所述托板倾翻计数器(48)设于所述托板(41)的外侧并与所述车框架(10)连接。Further, the cargo tray assembly (4) comprises a pallet (41), the pallet (41) is made of a plastic plate or a wooden board, and the middle portion of the pallet (41) is recessed inwardly, and two The front end is respectively provided with a front and rear baffle plate (42), and the bottom end of the supporting plate (41) is further provided with a tilting thrust buffer (47), and the other end of the tilting thrust buffer (47) is fixed at the end The car frame (10) is away from the side of the driving wheel assembly (2), and the bottom of the pallet (41) is provided with a pallet tilting hook (44), and the pallet is tilted with the pallet (44) a lower end matching tilting index hook (45) is fixed to the vehicle frame (10), and the tilting displacement hook (45) is rotatable about the vehicle frame (10), the tilting The lower end of the displacement hook (45) is provided with a variable length push rod (46) which is an armature, and the variable length push rod (46) is expandable and contractible, the variable When the length pusher (46) is in the extended state, it is in contact with the luggage support flip control board (014) on the rail, so that the tilting displacement hook (45) and the pallet tilting hook (44) are mutually Separating, the bottom of the pallet (41) is further provided with a pallet tilting counter (48) Outside of the pallet tilting counter (48) provided on the pallet (41) and connected to said vehicle frame (10).
进一步的,所述防撞杆(61)通过防撞调速杆(62)固定在外控调速器(63)上,所述防撞调速杆(62)可前后伸缩。Further, the anti-collision bar (61) is fixed on the external control governor (63) through the anti-collision speed regulating lever (62), and the anti-collision speed regulating lever (62) can be extended and contracted forward and backward.
进一步的,所述射频卡总成(9)包括射频卡芯片EPC区(91)、射频卡芯片内存一区(92)、射频卡芯片内存二区(93)、射频卡芯片内存三区(94)以及射频卡信息处理器(95)。Further, the radio frequency card assembly (9) includes a radio frequency card chip EPC area (91), a radio frequency card chip memory area (92), a radio frequency card chip memory second area (93), and a radio frequency card chip memory three area (94). ) and the RF card information processor (95).
进一步的,所述射频卡总成(9)与所述路轨上的分拣位射频读写器(012)或传输区射频读写器(013)高度相对应,分拣位射频读写器(012)设于分拣位 的所述路轨侧边,读取传输分拣车的射频卡芯片信息,核查并发出倾翻分拣控制指令,并向芯片写入分拣位的代码,所述传输区射频读写器(013)设于轨道分区分界线位置,读取传输分拣车的射频卡芯片信息,连同读写器的地址代码输往分拣区数据中心(010),建立传输分拣车、行李货物的定位数据库。Further, the radio frequency card assembly (9) is highly corresponding to the sorting position radio frequency reader (012) or the transmission area radio frequency reader (013) on the track, and the sorting position radio frequency reader ( 012) Located in the sorting position The side of the rail, read the radio frequency card chip information of the transmission sorting car, check and issue the dumping sorting control command, and write the code of the sorting bit to the chip, the transmission area radio frequency reader (013) ) Set at the boundary of the track division boundary, read the RF card chip information of the transmission sorting car, and send it to the sorting area data center (010) together with the address code of the reader to establish a positioning database for the transmission sorting car and baggage goods. .
根据上述方案的本发明,其有益效果在于,本发明通过主动轨道导航,转弯半径小、占地面积小、爬坡能力强、空间利用率高;本发明整体结构具有光电外控和射频外控及车辆自控功能,实现智能运行功能,具有防撞、平稳的特点;本发明具有传输与分拣倾翻的两个功能;传输分拣车的车体结构中部无金属物,满足X光机检测行李货物需求。射频功能卡中记录了货物信息,通过路轨边的射频读写器采集射频功能卡的信息,从而获得行李货物的准确信息,进行准确定位,建立行李货物运行数据库;每一个单独的传输分拣车具有独立的动力装置,传输区有几件行李就开动几辆传输分拣车,传输分拣装置的动力利用率高。The invention according to the above solution has the beneficial effects that the invention has the advantages of small turning radius, small floor space, strong climbing ability and high space utilization rate through the active track navigation; the overall structure of the invention has photoelectric external control and radio frequency external control And the vehicle self-control function realizes the intelligent running function, and has the characteristics of anti-collision and smoothness; the invention has two functions of transmission and sorting and tipping; the middle part of the body structure of the transmission sorting vehicle has no metal objects, and satisfies the X-ray machine detection. Baggage cargo demand. The cargo function information is recorded in the RF function card, and the information of the RF function card is collected by the RF reader on the rail side, thereby obtaining accurate information of the baggage cargo, accurately positioning, and establishing a baggage cargo operation database; each individual transmission sorting car With independent power unit, several pieces of baggage are used to drive several sorting trucks in the transmission area, and the power utilization rate of the transmission sorting device is high.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1为本发明实施例一的整体结构示意图;1 is a schematic overall structural view of Embodiment 1 of the present invention;
图2为本发明实施例二的整体结构示意图;2 is a schematic overall structural view of Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
图3为本发明实施例一的结构爆炸图;Figure 3 is an exploded view of the structure of the first embodiment of the present invention;
图4为本发明实施例一的左侧视图;Figure 4 is a left side view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
图5为本发明实施例一的右侧视图;Figure 5 is a right side view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
图6为本发明实施例一的前侧视图;Figure 6 is a front side view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
图7为本发明实施例一的后侧视图;Figure 7 is a rear side view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
图8为本发明实施例一的俯视图;Figure 8 is a plan view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
图9为本发明实施例一未带行李托板的俯视图; Figure 9 is a top plan view of an unloaded bag according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图10为本发明实施例一重心分布示意图;FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a center of gravity distribution according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
图11为本发明实施例一行李托板倾翻开锁状态的侧视图;Figure 11 is a side elevational view showing the state in which the luggage tray is tilted and unlocked according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图12为本发明实施例一行李托板倾翻开锁状态的后视图;Figure 12 is a rear elevational view showing the state in which the luggage tray is tilted and unlocked according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图13为本发明实施例一爬坡时的示意图;Figure 13 is a schematic view showing a climbing process according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图14为为图12中A部的结构放大图;Figure 14 is an enlarged plan view showing a portion A of Figure 12;
图15为本发明实施例一的电气原理图。Figure 15 is a schematic electrical diagram of a first embodiment of the present invention.
在图中,010、分拣区数据中心;011、传输分拣运行的光控指令桩;012、分拣位射频读写器;013、传输区射频读写器;014、路轨上的行李托板翻转控制板;020、主动轮轨;021、辅助轮轨;022、枕木;023、传输分拣车倾翻稳定板;024、链条轨;030、行李;1、车架总成;10、车框架;11、行李托板轴;12、辅助轮轴;13、爬坡稳定电磁铁;2、主动轮总成;21、主动轮;22、主动轮外侧板;23、主动轮架;24、主动轮转轴;2’、从动轮总成;21’、从动轮;22’、从动轮外侧板;23’、从动轮架;24’、从动轮转轴;3、辅助轮总成;31、行李托板倾翻车体稳定滑轮;4、货物托盘总成;41、托板;42、托板前后挡板;43、托板转动支架;44、托板倾翻挂钩;45、倾翻变位挂钩;46、可变长度推杆;47、倾翻推力缓冲器;48、托板倾翻计数器;5、从动轮转向装置总成;5’、主动轮无动力转向控制板;6、防撞与调速装置;61、防撞杆;62、防撞调速杆;63、外控调速器;61’、车尾防撞板;7、外控光电指令采集桩;8、电气控制装置;81、负电集电轮;82、正电集电轮;83、电源处理器;9、射频卡总成;91、EPC区;92、内存一区;93、内存二区;94、内存三区;95、射频卡信息处理器。In the figure, 010, sorting area data center; 011, light control command pile for transmission sorting operation; 012, sorting position RF reader/writer; 013, transmission area RF reader; 014, baggage on rail Board flip control board; 020, active wheel rail; 021, auxiliary wheel rail; 022, sleeper; 023, transmission sorting truck tilting stability board; 024, chain rail; 030, luggage; 1, frame assembly; Car frame; 11, luggage support shaft; 12, auxiliary axle; 13, climbing stable electromagnet; 2, drive wheel assembly; 21, drive wheel; 22, drive wheel outer plate; 23, drive wheel frame; Driving wheel shaft; 2', driven wheel assembly; 21', driven wheel; 22', driven wheel outer plate; 23', driven wheel frame; 24', driven wheel rotating shaft; 3. auxiliary wheel assembly; Pallet tilting body stability pulley; 4, cargo pallet assembly; 41, pallet; 42, pallet front and rear baffle; 43, pallet rotation bracket; 44, pallet tilting hook; 45, tilting displacement hook 46, variable length putter; 47, tipping thrust buffer; 48, pallet tipping counter; 5, driven wheel steering device assembly; 5' Active wheel without power steering control panel; 6, anti-collision and speed control device; 61, anti-collision bar; 62, anti-collision speed control rod; 63, external control speed governor; 61', rear anti-collision plate; , external control photoelectric command collection pile; 8, electrical control device; 81, negative electric collector wheel; 82, positive electric collector wheel; 83, power processor; 9, RF card assembly; 91, EPC area; 92, memory One area; 93, memory area 2; 94, memory three areas; 95, RF card information processor.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面结合附图以及实施方式对本发明进行进一步的描述: The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and embodiments:
需要说明的是,在本发明的描述中,术语“中心”、“上”、“下”、“左”、“右”、“竖直”、“水平”、“内”、“外”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本发明和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。It should be noted that in the description of the present invention, the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inside", "outside", etc. The orientation or positional relationship of the indications is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for the convenience of the description of the invention and the simplified description, rather than indicating or implying that the device or component referred to has a specific orientation, in a specific orientation. The construction and operation are therefore not to be construed as limiting the invention.
实施例一Embodiment 1
一种具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,包括车架总成1、主动轮总成2、辅助轮总成3、货物托盘总成4、转向装置、防撞与调速装置6、外控光电指令采集桩7、电气控制装置8以及射频卡总成9。A three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function, comprising a frame assembly 1, a driving wheel assembly 2, an auxiliary wheel assembly 3, a cargo tray assembly 4, a steering device, an anti-collision and speed regulating device 6, The external control photoelectric command collects the pile 7, the electric control device 8, and the radio frequency card assembly 9.
车架总成1包括由方形塑料构成的车框架10、设于车框架10前后两侧的行李托板轴11、设于车框架10侧面的辅助轮轴12以及设于车框架10上的爬坡稳定电磁铁13,车框架10的中部没有任何金属物体,其目的是在传输分拣车进入X光检测区时,X光发射角度为60度,X光辐射到托板上的行李中间没有金属影响X光辐射。爬坡稳定电磁铁13在爬坡运行时通电与路轨产生的吸合力拉住车架总成1压向路轨,防止车体后倾,起到爬坡稳定作用。行李托板轴11偏向车框架10的内侧,其重心如图6中的箭头所示位置。爬坡稳定电磁铁13的吸合面距路轨距离小于0.5mm。The frame assembly 1 includes a frame 10 made of square plastic, a luggage support shaft 11 provided on the front and rear sides of the frame 10, an auxiliary axle 12 provided on the side of the frame 10, and a climbing slope provided on the frame 10 of the vehicle. The electromagnet 13 is stabilized, and there is no metal object in the middle of the frame 10. The purpose of the X-ray emission angle is 60 degrees when the sorting car is transferred into the X-ray detection zone, and there is no metal between the X-rays and the baggage on the pallet. Affects X-ray radiation. The climbing stable electromagnet 13 is energized during the climbing operation and the suction force generated by the rail pulls the frame assembly 1 to the rail to prevent the vehicle body from leaning backward, and the climbing slope is stabilized. The luggage pallet shaft 11 is biased toward the inside of the frame 10, and its center of gravity is as shown by the arrow in FIG. The suction surface of the climbing stable electromagnet 13 is less than 0.5 mm from the rail.
主动轮总成2设于车框架10一侧的后方,并且与主动轮轨连接,主动轮总成2包括主动轮21和设于主动轮21上方的主动轮架23,主动轮架23固定在车框架10上,主动轮21通过主动轮转轴24固定在主动轮架23上,主动轮21的左右两侧设有主动轮外侧板22,主动轮外侧板22的直径大于主动轮21的直径,外侧板的直径外边沿在路轨表面之下5毫米-3毫米,使得主动轮外侧板22能够 夹住主动轮轨020,主动轮外侧板22的外延设有牙轮,用来与链条互相啮合,在车辆爬坡时,爬坡路轨的边沿安装链条,主动轮侧板外沿牙轮与链条轨026啮合,确保在大角度爬坡时,动力轮不会打滑,提高传输分拣车爬坡角度至60度。主动轮21内有电机M1,带动主动轮21运行。The driving wheel assembly 2 is disposed at the rear of one side of the frame 10 of the vehicle and is connected to the driving wheel rail. The driving wheel assembly 2 includes a driving wheel 21 and a driving wheel frame 23 disposed above the driving wheel 21. The driving wheel frame 23 is fixed at On the frame 10 of the vehicle, the driving wheel 21 is fixed on the driving wheel frame 23 through the driving wheel shaft 24. The left and right sides of the driving wheel 21 are provided with a driving wheel outer side plate 22, and the diameter of the driving wheel outer side plate 22 is larger than the diameter of the driving wheel 21. The outer diameter of the outer side plate is 5 mm to 3 mm below the surface of the rail, so that the outer side plate 22 of the driving wheel can The driving wheel rail 020 is clamped, and the outer side of the driving wheel outer side plate 22 is provided with a cone for meshing with the chain. When the vehicle climbs the slope, the edge of the climbing rail is installed with a chain, and the driving wheel side plate is along the outer ring and the chain. The rail 026 meshes to ensure that the power wheel does not slip when climbing at a large angle, increasing the angle of the conveyor sorting car to 60 degrees. The driving wheel 21 has a motor M1 for driving the driving wheel 21 to operate.
与主动轮总成2对应的车框架10一侧的前方设有从动轮总成2’,从动轮总成2’辅助轮轨连接,其包括从动轮21’和设于从动轮21’上方的从动轮架23’,从动轮架23’固定在车框架10上,从动轮21’通过从动轮转轴24’固定在从动轮架23’上,从动轮21’的左右两侧设有从动轮外侧板22’,从动轮外侧板22’的直径大于从动轮21’的直径,使得从动轮外侧板22’能够夹住主动轮轨020,从动轮外侧板22’的外延设有牙轮。A driven wheel assembly 2' is provided in front of the side of the vehicle frame 10 corresponding to the driving wheel assembly 2, and the driven wheel assembly 2' assists the wheel rail connection, which includes the driven wheel 21' and the driven wheel 21'. The driven wheel frame 23' is fixed to the frame 10 of the driven wheel frame 23', and the driven wheel 21' is fixed to the driven wheel frame 23' via the driven wheel rotating shaft 24'. The left and right sides of the driven wheel 21' are provided with the outer side of the driven wheel. The plate 22', the diameter of the driven wheel outer side plate 22' is larger than the diameter of the driven wheel 21', so that the driven wheel outer side plate 22' can clamp the driving wheel rail 020, and the extension of the driven wheel outer side plate 22' is provided with the cone.
在本实施例中,从动轮总成2’和主动轮总成2分别设于车架总成1的前后两侧。In the present embodiment, the driven wheel assembly 2' and the driving wheel assembly 2 are respectively disposed on the front and rear sides of the frame assembly 1.
辅助轮总成3固定在辅助轮轴12上,辅助轮总成3的侧面设有凸出的行李托板倾翻车体稳定滑轮31,行李托板倾翻车体稳定滑轮31位于路轨上的传输分拣车倾翻稳定板023下方并滚动,确保行李托板倾翻时的冲击力不会影响车架体的稳定,使得车架总成1稳定行驶。The auxiliary wheel assembly 3 is fixed on the auxiliary axle 12, and the side of the auxiliary wheel assembly 3 is provided with a protruding luggage pallet tilting body stability pulley 31, and the luggage pallet tilting body stability pulley 31 is located on the rail for transmission sorting. The car tilts under the stability plate 023 and rolls, ensuring that the impact force when the luggage pallet is tilted does not affect the stability of the frame body, so that the frame assembly 1 runs stably.
辅助轮总成3设于辅助轮轨021上,主动轮轨020和辅助轮轨021均设置于枕木022上,主动轮轨020为小尺寸的铁路轨,轨道表面宽度略小于主动轮内宽,主动轮轨020在上坡或下坡倾斜状态时,其左右两侧设有链条轨024,辅助轮轨021的平面宽度为辅助轮宽度2倍以上,可以是铁轨或工字钢或方钢管。传输区射频读写器013接收到数据中心010关于改变传输分拣车的运行方向指令,当识别到特定的传输分拣车后即刻向该车的射频卡总成9的内存三区94写入转向指 令。射频卡总成9中的信息处理器95将内存四区94中的转向指令输往转向装置。The auxiliary wheel assembly 3 is disposed on the auxiliary wheel rail 021, and the driving wheel rail 020 and the auxiliary wheel rail 021 are all disposed on the sleeper 022. The driving wheel rail 020 is a small-sized railway rail, and the track surface width is slightly smaller than the driving wheel inner width. When the driving wheel rail 020 is inclined in an uphill or downhill state, the chain rails 024 are arranged on the left and right sides thereof, and the plane width of the auxiliary wheel rails 021 is more than twice the width of the auxiliary wheel, which may be a rail or an I-steel or a square steel tube. The transmission area radio frequency reader 013 receives the data center 010 command for changing the running direction of the transmission sorting vehicle, and when the specific transmission sorting vehicle is identified, immediately writes to the memory three area 94 of the radio frequency card assembly 9 of the vehicle. Steering finger make. The information processor 95 in the RF card assembly 9 outputs the steering commands in the four zones 94 of the memory to the steering device.
货物托盘总成4包括托板41,托板41由塑胶板或木板制成,托板41的中部向内凹陷,其先后两端分别设有托板前后挡板42,托板41的底部通过托板转动支架43固定在行李托板轴11上,且行李托板轴11固定在车框架10靠近主动轮总成2的一侧,其重心如图10中的箭头所示。托板41底端还设有倾翻推力缓冲器47,倾翻推力缓冲器47的另一端固定在车框架10远离主动轮总成2的一侧,托板41的底部设有托板倾翻挂钩44,与托板倾翻挂钩44下端相匹配的倾翻变位挂钩45固定在车框架10上,并且倾翻变位挂钩45可绕车框架10转动,托板41在外力压迫下复位恢复水平状态,托板倾翻挂钩44与倾翻变位挂钩45相连,同时压迫倾翻推力缓冲器47处于压缩储能状态,给托板41推力;当倾翻变位挂钩45变位,离开托板倾翻挂钩44,倾翻推力缓冲器47的储能推力使得托板41倾翻,由于液压缓冲减少了托板41倾翻冲击力。当倾翻装置的挂钩变位时,托板倾翻挂钩与之离开,行李托板41在重力的推动下即刻倾翻。倾翻变位挂钩45的下端设有可变长度推杆46,可变长度推杆46为衔铁,可变长度推杆46可进行伸缩,可变长度推杆46伸出状态时,与路轨上的行李托板翻转控制板014相接触,使得倾翻变位挂钩45和托板倾翻挂钩44相互分离,托板倾翻;如果电磁铁没有通电,可变长度推杆内缩,长度短与路轨倾翻指令控制板013不接触,起到不可倾翻的锁定作用。。路轨上的行李托板翻转控制板014正常位置为水平状态,与传输分拣车的倾翻装置中的倾翻变位挂钩45有一段距离,不会触发行李托板倾翻。在有倾翻指令时,路轨上的行李托板翻转控制板014一端抬起,其高度可以碰到倾翻变位挂钩45而产生行李托板倾翻,实施分拣。托板41的底部还设有托板倾翻计数器48,托板倾翻计数器48设于托板41的外侧并与车框 架10连接,记录托板倾翻次数,做为定期保养维护的依据。The cargo pallet assembly 4 includes a pallet 41. The pallet 41 is made of a plastic plate or a wooden board. The middle portion of the pallet 41 is recessed inwardly, and the front and rear baffles 42 are respectively disposed at two ends of the pallet, and the bottom of the pallet 41 passes through. The pallet rotating bracket 43 is fixed to the luggage pallet shaft 11, and the luggage pallet shaft 11 is fixed to the side of the vehicle frame 10 near the driving wheel assembly 2, and its center of gravity is as indicated by an arrow in FIG. The bottom end of the pallet 41 is further provided with a tilting thrust buffer 47. The other end of the tilting thrust buffer 47 is fixed on the side of the frame 10 away from the driving wheel assembly 2. The bottom of the pallet 41 is provided with a pallet tipping. The hook 44 is fixed to the frame 10 with the tilting displacement hook 45 matched with the lower end of the pallet tilting hook 44, and the tilting displacement hook 45 is rotatable around the frame 10, and the pallet 41 is reset and restored under external force. In the horizontal state, the pallet tilting hook 44 is connected to the tilting displacement hook 45, while pressing the tilting thrust buffer 47 in a compressed energy storage state, and pushing the pallet 41; when the tilting displacement hook 45 is displaced, leaving the tray The plate tilting hook 44, the energy storage thrust of the tipping thrust damper 47 causes the pallet 41 to tip over, and the hydraulically cushioning reduces the tipping impact of the pallet 41. When the hook of the tilting device is displaced, the pallet tilting hook is separated therefrom, and the luggage tray 41 is tilted under the force of gravity. The lower end of the tilting displacement hook 45 is provided with a variable length push rod 46, the variable length push rod 46 is an armature, the variable length push rod 46 is expandable and contractible, and the variable length push rod 46 is extended and on the rail. The baggage inversion control board 014 is in contact with each other, so that the tilting displacement hook 45 and the pallet tilting hook 44 are separated from each other, and the pallet is tilted; if the electromagnet is not energized, the variable length pusher is retracted, and the length is short and The rail tipping command control panel 013 is not in contact and functions as a non-tilting lock. . The normal position of the baggage reversal control panel 014 on the rail is horizontal, which is a distance from the tilting displacement hook 45 in the tilting device of the transport sorting car, and does not trigger the luggage pallet to tip over. When there is a tipping command, the bag pallet flip control panel 014 on the rail is lifted at one end, and its height can hit the tilting displacement hook 45 to cause the luggage pallet to tip over and perform sorting. The bottom of the pallet 41 is further provided with a pallet tilting counter 48, and the pallet tilting counter 48 is disposed on the outer side of the pallet 41 and is associated with the frame The frame 10 is connected, and the number of times the pallet is tipped is recorded, which serves as a basis for regular maintenance.
转向装置包括从动轮转向装置总成5和主动轮无动力转向控制板5’,从动轮转向装置总成5设于从动轮总成2’上,通过外控电信号用来控制从动轮2’的转动,主动轮无动力转向控制板5’与车框架10固定连接,从动轮转向装置总成5带动车框架10转动,从而带动主动轮无动力转向控制板5’推动主动轮外侧板22使主动轮21转向。The steering device comprises a driven wheel steering device assembly 5 and a driving wheel unpowered steering control plate 5'. The driven wheel steering device assembly 5 is disposed on the driven wheel assembly 2', and is used to control the driven wheel 2' by an external control electrical signal. The driving wheel unpowered steering control plate 5' is fixedly connected with the frame 10, and the driven wheel steering device assembly 5 drives the frame 10 to rotate, thereby driving the driving wheel unpowered steering control plate 5' to push the driving wheel outer plate 22 to The drive wheel 21 is turned.
防撞与调速装置6在车体行进时如果撞上前一个传输分拣车时,会自动减速,与前车速度一致。如果前面车体停止运行,则自动刹车停车,从而防止冲撞。当前车加速时,调速装置会自动调整恢复到设定速度。其包括包括设于车框架10前后两端的防撞杆61和车尾防撞板61’,防撞杆61通过防撞调速杆62固定在外控调速器63上,防撞调速杆62可前后伸缩,与前车相撞时,防撞调速杆62内缩,调整调速电压下降,减低车速,或者刹车,速度为零,当前车加速时,防撞调速杆62伸长,提高车速至设定车速。The collision avoidance and speed adjustment device 6 automatically decelerates when it hits the previous transmission sorting car while the vehicle body is traveling, which is consistent with the speed of the preceding vehicle. If the front body stops running, the brakes are automatically stopped to prevent collision. When the current car accelerates, the speed control device will automatically adjust to return to the set speed. The utility model comprises an anti-collision bar 61 and a rear bumper plate 61′ which are arranged at the front and rear ends of the frame 10 of the vehicle. The anti-collision bar 61 is fixed on the external control governor 63 by the anti-collision speed regulating lever 62, and the anti-collision speed regulating lever 62 It can be flexed back and forth. When colliding with the front car, the anti-collision speed control lever 62 is retracted, the speed regulation voltage is lowered, the vehicle speed is reduced, or the brake speed is zero. When the current vehicle accelerates, the anti-collision speed control lever 62 is extended. Increase the speed to the set speed.
外控光电指令采集桩7设于车框架10的一侧,其高度与路轨上的传输分拣运行的光控指令桩011相对应。分拣区数据中心010通过传输分拣运行的光控指令桩011向传输分拣车发出运转方向、运行速度的指令,控制传输分拣车的运行,安装在路轨的侧边部位,传输分拣运行的光控指令桩011由十位发光管组成,分别输出“1”或者“0”:左转向指令或右转向指令的“1”电平驱动转向总成与实施车体转向爬坡指令的“1”电平爬坡稳定电磁铁13工作与路轨产生巨大的吸力,将车架体吸在路轨上,由于电磁铁13的吸合面距路轨距离小于0.5毫米,所以不会影响车辆运行;调速指令分为4档,1、2、3、4档中的一个输出“1”电平,调速装置跟随指令调整速度。 The externally controlled photoelectric command collecting pile 7 is disposed on one side of the frame 10 of the vehicle, and its height corresponds to the light control command pile 011 of the transmission sorting operation on the track. The sorting area data center 010 sends a command of the running direction and the running speed to the transmission sorting vehicle through the light control command pile 011 of the transmission sorting operation, controls the operation of the transmission sorting vehicle, is installed on the side part of the rail, and transmits the sorting. The running light control command pile 011 is composed of ten light-emitting tubes and outputs "1" or "0" respectively: the "1" level driving steering assembly of the left steering command or the right steering command and the implementation of the vehicle body turning hill climbing command The "1" level climbing stable electromagnet 13 works with the rail to generate a huge suction force, and the frame body is sucked on the rail. Since the suction surface of the electromagnet 13 is less than 0.5 mm from the rail, the vehicle operation is not affected; The speed control command is divided into 4 speeds, one of the 1, 2, 3, and 4 speeds outputs "1" level, and the speed control device follows the command to adjust the speed.
电气控制装置8包括设于车框架10上的电源处理器83、负电集电轮81以及正电集电轮82,负电集电轮81与辅助轮轨连接并接入负电,正电集电轮82与主动轮轨连接并接入正电36V,电源处理器83输出36V、12V、5V直流电。The electric control device 8 includes a power processor 83, a negative electric collector 81 and a positive collector wheel 82 disposed on the vehicle frame 10. The negative collector wheel 81 is connected to the auxiliary wheel rail and is connected to the negative power. 82 is connected to the active wheel rail and connected to the positive power 36V, and the power processor 83 outputs 36V, 12V, 5V direct current.
射频卡总成9设于车框架10的侧面,其包括射频卡芯片EPC区91、射频卡芯片内存一区92、射频卡芯片内存二区93、射频卡芯片内存三区94以及射频卡信息处理器95。射频卡芯片EPC区91写入传输分拣车的号码,并施以密码锁死不可改写;射频卡芯片内存一区92在行李货物装载到传输分拣车上时,写入行李货物的代码,到达目的地代码、航班代码、分拣位代码。射频卡芯片内存二区93的内存:在传输车到达分拣位置,分拣位射频读写器012读取到射频卡芯片EPC区91和射频卡芯片内存一区92信息并与读写器012内存的目的地代码、航班代码一致时,驱动路轨倾翻控制板抬起(图12)并向射频卡芯片内存二区93写入分拣位置代码;射频卡芯片内存三区94的内存:路轨射频读写器013写入的车辆转弯指令:左转或右转。射频卡信息处理器95读取内存一区92中分拣位装行李代码,读取内存二区93内分拣位代码,如果两区的分拣位代码一致,输出电平驱动倾翻可变长度推杆46伸长,通过轨道上倾翻控制板014时挂钩45变位,托板41倾翻实施行李分拣。如果内存二区93的分拣位代码与内存一区92中的分拣位不同时,射频卡信息处理器95不会输出驱动倾翻不变长度推杆46伸长,即便分拣位射频读写器012的输出驱动路轨上的行李托板翻转控制板014抬起,托板41也不会倾翻分拣行李30,双向信息核查对比才能分拣,提高行李分拣的可靠性。The RF card assembly 9 is disposed on the side of the vehicle frame 10, and includes a radio frequency card chip EPC area 91, a radio frequency card chip memory area 92, a radio frequency card chip memory area 23, a radio frequency card chip memory area 34, and a radio frequency card information processing. 95. The EPC area 91 of the radio frequency card chip is written to the number of the transmission sorting car, and is password-locked and cannot be rewritten; the area of the radio frequency card chip memory 92 is written into the code of the baggage cargo when the baggage goods are loaded onto the transport sorting car. Reach the destination code, flight code, and sort code. The memory of the RF card chip memory in the second area 93: When the transmission car arrives at the sorting position, the sorting bit RF reader 012 reads the RF card chip EPC area 91 and the RF card chip memory area 92 information and the reader 012 When the destination code and flight code of the memory are consistent, the drive rail rollover control panel is lifted (Fig. 12) and the sorting position code is written to the radio frequency card chip memory area 23; the radio frequency card chip memory has three sectors 94 memory: rail The vehicle turning command written by the radio frequency reader 013: left turn or right turn. The RF card information processor 95 reads the baggage code of the sorting position in the area 92 of the memory, and reads the sorting code in the second area 93 of the memory. If the sorting code of the two areas is consistent, the output level drives the tilting variable. The length pusher 46 is extended, the hook 45 is displaced when the control panel 014 is tilted over the track, and the pallet 41 is tipped over to carry out baggage sorting. If the sorting bit code of the memory area 93 is different from the sorting bit in the memory area 92, the RF card information processor 95 does not output the driving tilting constant length push rod 46 extension, even if the sorting bit is read by radio frequency. The output of the writer 012 drives the bag pallet flip control panel 014 to be lifted, and the pallet 41 does not dump the sorted baggage 30, and the two-way information check and comparison can be sorted to improve the reliability of baggage sorting.
射频卡总成9的信息处理器95将内存三区94中的转向指令输往车体转向装置。 The information processor 95 of the RF card assembly 9 delivers the steering commands in the memory three zones 94 to the vehicle body steering.
实施例二Embodiment 2
与实施例一不同的是,本实施例中主动轮总成2和从动轮总成2’设于车架总成1的下方,其余技术特征与实施例一相同。Different from the first embodiment, the driving wheel assembly 2 and the driven wheel assembly 2' are disposed under the frame assembly 1 in this embodiment, and the remaining technical features are the same as those in the first embodiment.
本发明的结构性能分析:Structural performance analysis of the present invention:
1、车体重心分析1, car weight analysis
①行李重量作用点行李托板轴11不在车架体的中心线,而是偏向主动轮一侧偏向行李倾翻分拣方向一边,便于快速倾翻分拣。1 Baggage weight action point The baggage support shaft 11 is not in the center line of the frame body, but is biased toward the side of the driving wheel and tilted toward the side of the baggage sorting direction for quick tipping and sorting.
②行李与托板的重心在托板中心线上,不在行李托板轴11上,而是偏向主动轮一侧,即行李货物的重心落在主动轮上。行李托板重心在托板转轴11的倾翻方向一侧,便于快速分拣。2 The center of gravity of the baggage and pallet is on the pallet center line, not on the bag support shaft 11, but on the side of the drive wheel, that is, the center of gravity of the baggage cargo falls on the drive wheel. The center of gravity of the luggage pallet is on the side of the tilting direction of the pallet shaft 11 for quick sorting.
2、车体动力分析2, car body dynamics analysis
车体货物重心压在主动轮上,主动轮提供车体运行动力。主动轮内安装电机,体积小,结构简洁。The center of gravity of the car body is pressed against the driving wheel, and the driving wheel provides the driving power of the car body. The motor is installed in the driving wheel, which is small in size and simple in structure.
3、自动导航分析3, automatic navigation analysis
主动轮承载大部分车体与行李重量,主动轮与从动轮通过两侧轮侧板夹在主轨上获得单轨导航运行。单轨导航的优点:转弯半径大大小于双轨导航的半径。The driving wheel carries most of the body and baggage weight, and the driving wheel and the driven wheel are clamped on the main rail through the side wheel side plates to obtain a single track navigation operation. Advantages of monorail navigation: The turning radius is much smaller than the radius of the two-track navigation.
4、运行平稳性分析4, operational stability analysis
由于车体重心与动力都在主动力轮及主轨上,影响运行平稳,所以增加了辅助轮,提高车体平衡性能。Since the weight and power of the car are on the main power wheel and the main rail, the operation is stable, so the auxiliary wheel is added to improve the balance performance of the vehicle body.
5、转弯性能分析5, turning performance analysis
由于辅助轮在辅助轨上运行,而辅助轨的平面宽度大于辅助轮的宽度,当车体转弯时,主动轮与从动轮靠主动轮轨导航转弯,在车速2米/秒时,这时辅助 轮在辅助轨上的方向并不与辅助轨中心线相同,线速度也与主动轮不同,由于辅助轨表面宽度大于辅助轮宽度,辅助轮不会从辅助轨上掉下来,具有单轨车转弯半径小的优点,又具有双轨车的平稳性。Since the auxiliary wheel runs on the auxiliary rail, and the plane width of the auxiliary rail is larger than the width of the auxiliary wheel, when the vehicle body turns, the driving wheel and the driven wheel turn on the active wheel rail, and the vehicle speed is 2 m/s, at this time, the auxiliary The direction of the wheel on the auxiliary rail is not the same as the center line of the auxiliary rail. The line speed is also different from that of the driving wheel. Since the surface width of the auxiliary rail is larger than the width of the auxiliary wheel, the auxiliary wheel does not fall off the auxiliary rail, and has a turning radius of the monorail. Small advantages, and the smoothness of the dual-track car.
6、倾翻性能分析6, tipping performance analysis
由于车体与行李重心偏向主动轮,为托板提供了侧向倾翻的动力,倾翻挂钩提供了托板稳定保证,当倾翻挂钩变位,把托板在托板与行李重量下快速倾翻。Since the center of gravity of the car body and the luggage are biased toward the driving wheel, the pallet is provided with lateral tilting power. The tilting hook provides a stability guarantee for the pallet. When the tilting hook is displaced, the pallet is fast under the weight of the pallet and the luggage. Tipping over.
为了预防货物装载不在托板中心而偏向辅助轮时,影响行李托板倾翻的预设的液压缓冲器弹力提供更多的倾翻动力。In order to prevent the loading of the cargo from being in the center of the pallet and biasing toward the auxiliary wheel, the preset hydraulic damper spring force that affects the tipping of the luggage pallet provides more tilting power.
7、自动导航防撞调速功能分析7, automatic navigation anti-collision speed control function analysis
防撞调速装置碰到前面车时自动减速与前车同速运行。如果前车停止时则自动刹车停止运行。When the anti-collision speed control device hits the front car, it automatically decelerates and runs at the same speed as the front car. If the front car stops, the automatic brake stops running.
8、爬坡与三维立体传输性能分析8. Analysis of climbing and three-dimensional transmission performance
主动轮、从动轮两侧的外沿为链轮,啮合在爬坡链条上,车架上的稳定电磁铁距路轨距离小于0.5mm,电磁铁与铁轨之间的吸力防止车架后仰,增加了链轮与链条的啮合力,爬坡可达60度,实施三维立体传输。The outer edges of the driving wheel and the driven wheel are sprocket, which are meshed on the climbing chain. The distance between the stable electromagnet on the frame and the rail is less than 0.5mm. The suction between the electromagnet and the rail prevents the frame from reclining and increases. The meshing force of the sprocket and the chain can climb up to 60 degrees to implement three-dimensional transmission.
9、车体运行具有三重控制性能9, the car body has triple control performance
①光电指令桩获得外控光电指令,改变车的运行方向与速度调节,如转向时减速,直行时加速;1 The photoelectric command pile obtains the external control photoelectric command to change the running direction and speed adjustment of the vehicle, such as deceleration during steering and acceleration when going straight;
②射频卡获得射频读写器发来的指令,写入射频卡芯片,射频卡中的信息处理器将芯片中的指令读出并发往转向机调整装置,改变车体运行方向;2 The RF card obtains the command sent by the RF reader and writes the RF card chip. The information processor in the RF card reads out the instructions in the chip and sends them to the steering device adjustment device to change the running direction of the vehicle body;
③车体自控装置3 car body automatic control device
运行中与前车相靠近时自动减速或刹车,防止碰撞。 Automatically slow down or brake when running close to the front car to prevent collision.
10、通讯性能分析10, communication performance analysis
传输分拣的区域分界线处安装了射频读写器读取车体射频卡芯片信息。将传输分拣车的车号、行李代码及位置、运行速度、传输分拣车位号、分拣成功或不成功等信息上传数据中心。同时接收数据中心指令,向车体射频卡芯片写入运转指令。An RF reader is installed at the boundary of the transmission sorting to read the information of the vehicle body RF card chip. Upload the data of the sorting car's car number, bag code and location, running speed, transmission sorting car number, sorting success or unsuccessful information to the data center. At the same time, the data center command is received, and the running command is written to the vehicle body RF card chip.
11、分拣可靠性分析11, sorting reliability analysis
双重信息核查后决定行李托板是否倾翻分拣。一是分拣位射频读写器识别传输分拣车芯片中航班、目的地、行李号,与读写器中预先设置的目的地、航班号相同时才发出分拣指令;二是传输分拣车通过射频卡信息处理器识别分拣位代码与芯片中预先设置的分拣位代码,相同时才发出分拣动作。只有二者都发出分拣动作才能完成倾翻分拣。防止设备出现问题导致的错误分拣。After the double information check, it is determined whether the baggage tray is dumped and sorted. First, the sorting position RF reader recognizes the flight, destination, and baggage number in the transmission sorting chip, and issues the sorting command when the destination and flight number are preset in the reader; the second is the transmission sorting. The car uses the RF card information processor to identify the sorting bit code and the pre-set sorting bit code in the chip, and the sorting action is issued. Only when both sorting actions are issued can the tipping sorting be completed. Prevent incorrect sorting caused by equipment problems.
12、传输过程实施x光安检12, the implementation of the transmission process x-ray security
行李货物放在传输分拣车上可以完成X光安检、大大简化行李货物分拣区的结构,提高传输与安检效率。The baggage cargo can be placed on the transmission sorting vehicle to complete the X-ray security inspection, greatly simplify the structure of the baggage cargo sorting area, and improve the transmission and security efficiency.
本发明具有以下特点:The invention has the following characteristics:
1、具有传输与倾翻分拣行李货物的功能;1. It has the function of transferring and dumping and sorting baggage goods;
2、每个传输分拣车都具有独立的动力装置,可以单车运行;2. Each transmission sorting car has an independent power unit that can be operated by bicycle;
3、具有防撞功能,具有跟随前车同速运行的功能——自动排队;3, with anti-collision function, with the function of following the same speed of the front car - automatic queuing;
4、具有倾翻分拣行李双重检测功能,分拣位识别传输分拣车,传输分拣车识别分拣位,双重识别防止分拣失误;4. It has the double detection function of tipping and sorting baggage, the sorting position identification transmission sorting car, the transmission sorting car identifying the sorting position, and the double identification preventing the sorting mistake;
5、传输分拣车上安装了射频功能卡,记录了传输分拣车代码及行李货物代码,车与行李信息合二为一,供传输分拣区的射频读写器识别建立车、货物的定 位数据库;5. The radio frequency function card is installed on the transmission sorting car, and the transmission sorting code and the baggage cargo code are recorded. The car and baggage information are combined into one. The radio frequency reader for transmitting the sorting area identifies the car and the goods. Set Bit database
6、传输分拣车射频功能卡,接收数据中心发出的指令,改变运行方向与速度。6. Transfer the sorting car RF function card, receive the command from the data center, and change the running direction and speed.
7、传输分拣车的车体结构中部无金属物,满足X光机检测行李货物需求,传输分拣车运行中完成X光机检测;7. There is no metal in the middle of the car body structure of the transmission sorting car, which satisfies the X-ray machine to detect the baggage cargo demand, and completes the X-ray machine test in the transmission sorting car operation;
8、传输分拣车具有单轨车的优点,轨道导航,而且转弯半径小,从而运输分拣装置占地面积小;8. The transmission sorting car has the advantages of a monorail car, track navigation, and a small turning radius, so that the transportation sorting device has a small footprint;
9、具有双排4个轮子运行平稳;9, with two rows of four wheels running smoothly;
10、具有履带车的优点,爬坡能力强,达60度,实现3D运行,空间利用率高;10, has the advantages of the tracked vehicle, the climbing ability is strong, up to 60 degrees, to achieve 3D operation, high space utilization;
11、具有信息采集功能,识别路轨边的运行指令,实施停止、启动、调速、转弯、爬坡、倾翻分拣行李;11. It has the function of collecting information, identifying the running instructions of the rails, implementing stop, start, speed regulation, turning, climbing, dumping and sorting luggage;
12、路轨边的射频识别装置可以识别传输分拣车的射频卡获得车代码、行李代码、车位置等信息,实施车与行李的识别定位。从传输分拣数据中心中可以查询到每一个传输分拣车或行李的即时位置。及时寻找特定的行李或货物,及时发现未通过安检的行李货物,提高安全控制水平。12. The radio frequency identification device on the rail side can identify the radio frequency card of the transmission sorting vehicle to obtain the vehicle code, baggage code, vehicle position and other information, and implement the identification and positioning of the vehicle and the baggage. The instant location of each transport sorter or baggage can be queried from the transport sorting data center. Timely search for specific baggage or cargo, timely discover baggage goods that have not passed security inspection, and improve safety control.
应当理解的是,对本领域普通技术人员来说,可以根据上述说明加以改进或变换,而所有这些改进和变换都应属于本发明所附权利要求的保护范围。It is to be understood that those skilled in the art will be able to make modifications and changes in accordance with the above description, and all such modifications and variations are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims.
上面结合附图对本发明专利进行了示例性的描述,显然本发明专利的实现并不受上述方式的限制,只要采用了本发明专利的方法构思和技术方案进行的各种改进,或未经改进将本发明专利的构思和技术方案直接应用于其它场合的,均在本发明的保护范围内。 The present invention is exemplarily described with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it is obvious that the implementation of the present invention is not limited by the above-described manner, as long as various improvements or not improved by the method concept and technical solution of the present invention are adopted. The concept and technical solution of the present invention are directly applied to other occasions, and are all within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,包括车架总成(1)、主动轮总成(2)、辅助轮总成(3)、货物托盘总成(4)、转向装置、防撞与调速装置(6)、外控光电指令采集桩(7)、电气控制装置(8)以及射频卡总成(9);A three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function, comprising: frame assembly (1), driving wheel assembly (2), auxiliary wheel assembly (3), cargo tray assembly (4) , steering device, anti-collision and speed control device (6), external control photoelectric command collection pile (7), electrical control device (8) and radio frequency card assembly (9);
    所述车架总成(1)包括车框架(10)、设于所述车框架(10)前后两侧的行李托板轴(11)以及设于所述车框架(10)侧面的辅助轮轴(12),所述行李托板轴(11)偏向所述车框架(10)的内侧;The frame assembly (1) includes a frame (10), a luggage support shaft (11) disposed on the front and rear sides of the vehicle frame (10), and an auxiliary axle disposed on a side of the vehicle frame (10). (12), the luggage pallet shaft (11) is biased to the inner side of the vehicle frame (10);
    所述主动轮总成(2)设于所述车框架(10)一侧的后方,并且与主动轮轨(020)连接,与所述主动轮总成(2)对应的所述车框架(10)一侧的前方设有从动轮总成(2’),所述从动轮总成(2’)与主动轮轨(020)连接;The driving wheel assembly (2) is disposed at a rear side of the vehicle frame (10) and is coupled to the driving wheel rail (020), and the vehicle frame corresponding to the driving wheel assembly (2) ( 10) a driven wheel assembly (2') is provided in front of one side, and the driven wheel assembly (2') is connected to the active wheel rail (020);
    所述辅助轮总成(3)固定在所述辅助轮轴(12)上,所述辅助轮总成(3)设于辅助轮轨(021)上;The auxiliary wheel assembly (3) is fixed on the auxiliary wheel axle (12), and the auxiliary wheel assembly (3) is disposed on the auxiliary wheel rail (021);
    所述货物托盘总成(4)包括托板(41),所述托板(41)的底部通过托板转动支架(43)固定在所述行李托板轴(11)上,且所述行李托板轴(11)固定在所述车框架(10)靠近所述主动轮总成(2)的一侧;The cargo pallet assembly (4) includes a pallet (41), and a bottom of the pallet (41) is fixed to the luggage pallet shaft (11) by a pallet rotation bracket (43), and the luggage a pallet shaft (11) is fixed to a side of the vehicle frame (10) adjacent to the driving wheel assembly (2);
    所述转向装置包括从动轮转向装置总成(5)和主动轮无动力转向控制板(5’),所述从动轮转向装置总成(5)设于所述从动轮总成(2’)上,通过外控电信号用来控制从动轮(2’)的转动,所述主动轮无动力转向控制板(5’)与所述车框架(10)固定连接;The steering device includes a driven wheel steering device assembly (5) and a driving wheel powerless steering control plate (5'), and the driven wheel steering device assembly (5) is disposed on the driven wheel assembly (2') The external control electric signal is used to control the rotation of the driven wheel (2'), and the driving wheel unpowered steering control board (5') is fixedly connected with the vehicle frame (10);
    所述防撞与调速装置(6)包括设于所述车框架(10)前后两端的防撞杆(61)和车尾防撞板(61’); The anti-collision and speed regulating device (6) comprises an anti-collision bar (61) and a rear anti-collision plate (61') provided at the front and rear ends of the vehicle frame (10);
    所述外控光电指令采集桩(7)设于所述车框架(10)的一侧,其高度与所述路轨上的传输分拣运行的光控指令桩(011)相对应;The externally controlled photoelectric command collecting pile (7) is disposed at one side of the vehicle frame (10), and the height thereof corresponds to a light control command pile (011) of the transmission sorting operation on the track;
    所述电气控制装置(8)包括设于所述车框架(10)上的电源处理器(83)、负电集电轮(81)以及正电集电轮(82),所述负电集电轮(81)与所述辅助轮轨(021)连接并接入负电,所述正电集电轮(82)与所述主动轮轨(020)连接并接入正电,所述电源处理器(83)输出直流电;The electrical control device (8) includes a power processor (83), a negative collector wheel (81), and a positive collector wheel (82) disposed on the vehicle frame (10), the negative collector wheel (81) connected to the auxiliary wheel rail (021) and connected to a negative power, the positive electric collector wheel (82) is connected to the active wheel rail (020) and connected to the positive power, the power processor ( 83) output direct current;
    所述射频卡总成(9)设于所述车框架(10)的侧面。The radio frequency card assembly (9) is disposed on a side of the vehicle frame (10).
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述车架总成(1)还包括设于所述车框架(10)上的爬坡稳定电磁铁(13),所述爬坡稳定电磁铁(13)在爬坡运行时通电与路轨产生的吸合力拉住所述车架总成(1)压向所述路轨。The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency read/write function according to claim 1, wherein the frame assembly (1) further comprises a climbing stable electromagnet disposed on the vehicle frame (10) (13) The climbing stable electromagnet (13) is energized during the climbing operation and the suction force generated by the rail pulls the frame assembly (1) against the rail.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述主动轮总成(2)包括主动轮(21)和设于所述主动轮(21)上方的主动轮架(23),所述主动轮架(23)固定在所述车框架(10)上,所述主动轮(21)通过主动轮转轴(24)固定在所述主动轮架(23)上,所述主动轮(21)的左右两侧设有主动轮外侧板(22),所述主动轮外侧板(22)的直径大于所述主动轮(21)的直径,使得所述主动轮外侧板(22)能够夹住主动轮轨(020),所述主动轮外侧板(22)的外延设有牙轮,所述主动轮(21)内有电机M1,带动所述主动轮(21)运行,所述从动轮转向装置总成(5)带动所述车框架(10)转动,从而带动所述主动轮无动力转向控制板(5’)推动所述主动轮外侧板(22)使所述主动轮(21)转向。The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency read/write function according to claim 1, wherein the driving wheel assembly (2) comprises a driving wheel (21) and a driving wheel (21) a driving wheel carrier (23) fixed to the vehicle frame (10), the driving wheel (21) being fixed to the driving wheel frame (23) by a driving wheel shaft (24) Above, the left and right sides of the driving wheel (21) are provided with a driving wheel outer side plate (22), and the diameter of the driving wheel outer side plate (22) is larger than the diameter of the driving wheel (21), so that the driving wheel The outer side plate (22) can clamp the driving wheel rail (020), the extension of the outer side panel (22) of the driving wheel is provided with a cone, and the driving wheel (21) has a motor M1 for driving the driving wheel (21). Operating, the driven wheel steering assembly (5) drives the vehicle frame (10) to rotate, thereby driving the driving wheel unpowered steering control panel (5') to push the driving wheel outer panel (22) The drive wheel (21) is turned.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在 于,所述从动轮总成(2’)包括从动轮(21’)和设于所述从动轮(21’)上方的从动轮架(23’),所述从动轮架(23’)固定在所述车框架(10)上,所述从动轮(21’)通过从动轮转轴(24’)固定在所述从动轮架(23’)上,所述从动轮(21’)的左右两侧设有从动轮外侧板(22’),所述从动轮外侧板(22’)的直径大于所述从动轮(21’)的直径,使得所述从动轮外侧板(22’)能够夹住所述主动轮轨(020),所述从动轮外侧板(22’)的外延设有牙轮。A three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function according to claim 3, characterized in that The driven wheel assembly (2') includes a driven wheel (21') and a driven wheel carrier (23') disposed above the driven wheel (21'). The driven wheel carrier (23') is fixed. On the vehicle frame (10), the driven wheel (21') is fixed on the driven wheel frame (23') by a driven wheel rotating shaft (24'), and the left and right sides of the driven wheel (21') The side is provided with a driven wheel outer side plate (22'), the driven wheel outer side plate (22') having a diameter larger than the diameter of the driven wheel (21'), so that the driven wheel outer side plate (22') can be clamped The active wheel rail (020), the extension of the driven wheel outer side plate (22') is provided with a cone.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述主动轮轨(020)和所述辅助轮轨(021)均设置于枕木(022)上,所述主动轮轨(020)在上坡或下坡倾斜状态时,其左右两侧设有用于提升爬升能力的链条轨(024)。The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency read/write function according to claim 4, wherein the driving wheel rail (020) and the auxiliary wheel rail (021) are both disposed on the sleeper (022). When the active wheel rail (020) is tilted uphill or downhill, the chain rails (024) for lifting the climbing capability are provided on the left and right sides.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述辅助轮总成(3)的侧面设有凸出的行李托板倾翻车体稳定滑轮(31),行李托板倾翻车体稳定滑轮(31)位于所述路轨上的传输分拣车倾翻稳定板(023)下方,使得所述车架总成(1)稳定行驶。The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function according to claim 1, wherein a side of the auxiliary wheel assembly (3) is provided with a protruding luggage pallet tilting body stabilization pulley (31) The luggage pallet tilting body stabilization pulley (31) is located below the transmission sorting truck tilting stability plate (023) on the rail, so that the frame assembly (1) runs stably.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述货物托盘总成(4)包括托板(41),所述托板(41)的中部向内凹陷,其先后两端分别设有托板前后挡板(42),所述托板(41)底端还设有倾翻推力缓冲器(47),所述托板(41)的底部设有托板倾翻挂钩(44),与所述托板倾翻挂钩(44)下端相匹配的倾翻变位挂钩(45)固定在所述车框架(10)上,并且所述倾翻变位挂钩(45)可绕所述车框架(10)转动,所述倾翻变位挂钩(45)的下端设有可变长度推杆(46),所述可变长度推杆(46)可进行伸缩,所述可变长度推杆(46)伸出状态时,与路轨上的行李托板翻转控制板(014)相接触, 使得所述倾翻变位挂钩(45)和所述托板倾翻挂钩(44)相互分离,所述托板(41)的底部还设有托板倾翻计数器(48),所述托板倾翻计数器(48)设于所述托板(41)的外侧并与所述车框架(10)连接。The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency read/write function according to claim 1, wherein said cargo tray assembly (4) comprises a pallet (41), and a central portion of said pallet (41) is inward The recess has two front and rear baffles (42) respectively, and the bottom end of the pallet (41) is further provided with a tilting thrust buffer (47), and the bottom of the pallet (41) is provided a pallet tilting hook (44), a tilting displacement hook (45) matching the lower end of the pallet tilting hook (44) is fixed to the vehicle frame (10), and the tilting displacement A hook (45) is rotatable about the frame (10), and a lower end of the tipping hook (45) is provided with a variable length pusher (46), and the variable length pusher (46) is Telescopically, when the variable length push rod (46) is extended, it is in contact with the bag pallet flip control board (014) on the rail, The tilting displacement hook (45) and the pallet tilting hook (44) are separated from each other, and the bottom of the pallet (41) is further provided with a pallet tilting counter (48), the pallet A tipping counter (48) is provided outside the pallet (41) and coupled to the vehicle frame (10).
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述防撞杆(61)通过防撞调速杆(62)固定在外控调速器(63)上,所述防撞调速杆(62)可前后伸缩。The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency read/write function according to claim 1, wherein the anti-collision bar (61) is fixed on the external control governor (63) by a collision avoidance speed regulating lever (62) The anti-collision speed control lever (62) can be extended and contracted forward and backward.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述射频卡总成(9)包括射频卡芯片EPC区(91)、射频卡芯片内存一区(92)、射频卡芯片内存二区(93)、射频卡芯片内存三区(94)以及射频卡信息处理器(95)。The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function according to claim 1, wherein the radio frequency card assembly (9) comprises a radio frequency card chip EPC area (91) and a radio frequency card chip memory area (92). ), RF card chip memory area 2 (93), RF card chip memory three areas (94) and RF card information processor (95).
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的具有射频读写功能的三维传输分拣车,其特征在于,所述射频卡总成(9)与所述路轨上的分拣位射频读写器(012)或传输区射频读写器(013)高度相对应,分拣位射频读写器(012)设于分拣位的所述路轨侧边,读取传输分拣车的射频卡芯片信息,核查并发出倾翻分拣控制指令,并向芯片写入分拣位的代码,所述传输区射频读写器(013)设于轨道分区分界线位置,读取传输分拣车的射频卡芯片信息,连同读写器的地址代码输往分拣区数据中心(010),建立传输分拣车、行李货物的定位数据库。 The three-dimensional transmission sorting vehicle with radio frequency reading and writing function according to claim 1, wherein the radio frequency card assembly (9) and the sorting position radio frequency reader (012) or transmission on the rail The area RF reader (013) is highly corresponding. The sorting position radio frequency reader (012) is located on the side of the track of the sorting position, reads the information of the radio frequency card chip of the transmission sorting vehicle, checks and sends out the tilt Turning the sorting control command and writing the code of the sorting bit to the chip, the transmitting area radio frequency reader (013) is set at the position of the track partition boundary line, reading the radio frequency card chip information of the transmission sorting car, together with reading The address code of the writer is sent to the sorting area data center (010) to establish a positioning database for the transmission sorting truck and baggage goods.
PCT/CN2016/089325 2016-03-28 2016-07-08 Three-dimensional conveying and sorting vehicle having radio frequency reading and writing functions WO2017166519A1 (en)

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