WO2016023480A1 - Smog-removing air conditioner having cleaning function - Google Patents

Smog-removing air conditioner having cleaning function Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016023480A1
WO2016023480A1 PCT/CN2015/086713 CN2015086713W WO2016023480A1 WO 2016023480 A1 WO2016023480 A1 WO 2016023480A1 CN 2015086713 W CN2015086713 W CN 2015086713W WO 2016023480 A1 WO2016023480 A1 WO 2016023480A1
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air
inlet
way valve
duct
heat exchanger
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PCT/CN2015/086713
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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戴若夫
辜显旺
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戴若夫
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Priority to CN201410396812.2 priority Critical
Priority to CN201410396812.2A priority patent/CN104654455B/en
Application filed by 戴若夫 filed Critical 戴若夫
Publication of WO2016023480A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016023480A1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0003Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station characterised by a split arrangement, wherein parts of the air-conditioning system, e.g. evaporator and condenser, are in separately located units
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/74Cleaning the electrodes
    • B03C3/78Cleaning the electrodes by washing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/10Temperature
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

Abstract

Smog-removing air conditioner having a cleaning function, comprising an air conditioning outdoor unit (1) and an air conditioning indoor unit (2). A refrigerant pipe (3) is connected between the air conditioning indoor unit (1) and the air conditioning outdoor unit (2). An air supply outlet (21) and an air recirculation inlet (22) are provided on the air conditioning indoor unit (2). A surface cooler (23) and an air supply fan (24) are equipped at where the air supply outlet (21) is located. A fresh air heat exchanger (7) and an electrostatic precipitator (8) are provided within the air conditioning indoor unit (2). The air supply outlet (21) is provided with a fresh air pipe (4) connected to the outside via the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the electrostatic precipitator (8). The air recirculation inlet (22) is provided with an air exhaust pipe (5) connected to the outside via the fresh air heat exchanger (7). The fresh air pipe (4) is equipped with pipes that allow switching of orders in which fresh air flows through the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the electrostatic precipitator (8). The electrostatic precipitator (8) is connected to a water inlet pipe (81) used for cleaning and a water outlet pipe (82) used for discharging wastewater. The air conditioner is structurally simple and compact, convenient to use, and capable of implementing various functions.

Description

具有清洗功能的除霾空调Deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function 【技术领域】[Technical Field]
本发明主要涉及新风除霾领域,尤其涉及一种具有清洗功能的除霾空调。The invention mainly relates to the field of fresh air removal, and in particular to a de-icing air conditioner with a cleaning function.
【背景技术】【Background technique】
目前,流行的空气净化器虽然能过滤清除一些室内PM2.5微颗粒,及一些有毒有害污染气体,但不能引进室外新鲜空气,且需要定期更换滤材,给使用者增加运行成本和运行维护的麻烦。新风系统虽然在加装了各种过滤器,甚至全自动清洗过滤器后,解决了空气净化器无新风的弊端。但仍然难以普及到普通家庭。在已经装了空调的室内,再加装一套全自动新风系统机,不仅一般的室内无足够的空间,即便装下也感到十分累赘,操作也不方便。At present, popular air purifiers can filter and remove some indoor PM2.5 micro-particles and some toxic and harmful polluting gases, but can not introduce outdoor fresh air, and need to periodically replace the filter materials to increase operating costs and operation and maintenance for users. trouble. Although the fresh air system is equipped with various filters and even fully automatic cleaning filters, it solves the drawbacks of the air purifiers without new air. But it is still difficult to spread to ordinary families. In the room where the air conditioner has been installed, a fully automatic fresh air system machine is installed, which not only has insufficient space in the general room, but is also very cumbersome to install and inconvenient to operate.
【发明内容】[Summary of the Invention]
本发明要解决的技术问题是克服现有技术的不足,提供一种结构简单紧凑、使用方便、可实现多种功能的具有清洗功能的除霾空调。The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, and to provide a de-icing air conditioner with a cleaning function that is simple and compact in structure, convenient to use, and capable of realizing various functions.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用以下技术方案:In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
一种具有清洗功能的除霾空调,包括空调外机和空调内机,所述空调外机和空调内机之间连接有冷媒管道,所述空调内机上设有送风口和回风口,所述送风口处装设有表冷器和送风机,所述空调内机内设有新风热交换器和静电除尘过滤器,所述送风口设有经新风热交换器和静电除尘过滤器连接至室外的新风管道,所述回风口设有经新风热交换器连接至室外的排风管道,所述新风管道配设有可切换新风流经新风热交换器和静电除尘过滤器先后顺序的管路,所述静电除尘过滤器连有用于清洗的进水管和用于排出污水的排水管。A dehumidification air conditioner having a cleaning function, comprising an air conditioner outer unit and an air conditioner inner unit, wherein a refrigerant pipe is connected between the air conditioner outer machine and the air conditioner inner machine, and the air conditioner inner machine is provided with an air supply port and a return air port, A air cooler and a blower are arranged at the air outlet, and the air conditioner has a fresh air heat exchanger and an electrostatic dust filter, and the air outlet is connected to the outdoor through a fresh air heat exchanger and an electrostatic dust filter. a fresh air duct, wherein the return air outlet is provided with an exhaust duct connected to the outdoor via a fresh air heat exchanger, and the fresh air duct is provided with a pipeline capable of switching fresh air flowing through the fresh air heat exchanger and the electrostatic precipitator filter in sequence. The electrostatic precipitator filter has an inlet pipe for cleaning and a drain pipe for discharging sewage.
作为上述技术方案的进一步改进:As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
所述静电除尘过滤器内装设有用于将水从进水管引入至静电除尘过滤器内的抽水泵。The electrostatic precipitator filter is provided with a water pump for introducing water from the inlet pipe into the electrostatic precipitator filter.
所述新风管道包括首段进风管、中段进风管以及末段进风管,所述首段进风管与室外连通,所述送风机位于末段进风管上并靠近于所述送风口,所述中段进风管包括依次连通静电除尘过滤器和新风热交换器的第一中段支管以及依次连通新风热交换器和静电除尘过滤器的第二中段支管。The fresh air duct includes a first air inlet duct, a middle air inlet duct and a last air inlet duct, wherein the first section air inlet duct is connected to the outdoor, the blower is located on the end section air inlet duct and is adjacent to the air supply duct, and the middle section air inlet duct includes The first middle branch pipe connecting the electrostatic precipitator filter and the fresh air heat exchanger in turn, and the second middle branch pipe sequentially connecting the fresh air heat exchanger and the electrostatic precipitator filter.
所述首段进风管通过第一中段支管依次经静电除尘过滤器和新风热交换器与末段进风管连通。The first section of the air inlet duct is connected to the end section air inlet tube through the first middle section branch pipe through the electrostatic precipitator filter and the fresh air heat exchanger.
所述第二中段支管包括设于第一中段支管上的可切换出口的第一进风切换三通阀、第三进风切换三通阀和第四进风切换三通阀以及可切换入口的第二进风切换三通阀和第五进风切换三通阀,所述第一进风切换三通阀设于第一中段支管与首段进风管之间,所述第 二进风切换三通阀设于新风热交换器与静电除尘过滤器之间,所述第三进风切换三通阀设于新风热交换器与末段进风管之间,所述第四进风切换三通阀设于第二进风切换三通阀与静电除尘过滤器之间,所述第五进风切换三通阀设于第三进风切换三通阀与末段进风管之间,所述首段进风管通过第一中段支管依次经第一进风切换三通阀、第二进风切换三通阀、新风热交换器、第三进风切换三通阀、静电除尘过滤器、第四进风切换三通阀和第五进风切换三通阀与末段进风管连通。The second middle branch pipe includes a first inlet air switching three-way valve, a third air inlet switching three-way valve and a fourth air inlet switching three-way valve, and a switchable inlet, which are disposed on the first middle branch pipe a second air inlet switching three-way valve and a fifth air inlet switching three-way valve, wherein the first air inlet switching three-way valve is disposed between the first middle branch pipe and the first air inlet pipe, The two-way air switching three-way valve is disposed between the fresh air heat exchanger and the electrostatic dust filter, and the third air inlet switching three-way valve is disposed between the fresh air heat exchanger and the last air inlet pipe, and the fourth air inlet The switching three-way valve is disposed between the second air inlet switching three-way valve and the electrostatic dust filter, and the fifth air inlet switching three-way valve is disposed between the third air inlet switching three-way valve and the last air inlet pipe. The first inlet air duct passes through the first middle branch pipe through the first air inlet switching three-way valve, the second air inlet switching three-way valve, the fresh air heat exchanger, the third air inlet switching three-way valve, the electrostatic dust filter, and the fourth The intake air switching three-way valve and the fifth air inlet switching three-way valve are in communication with the last stage air inlet pipe.
所述新风热交换器包括一根用于避让新风热交换器的新风支管,所述新风支管一端通过可切换出口的第六进风切换三通阀连接于新风热交换器与静电除尘过滤器之间,另一端通过可切换入口的第七进风切换三通阀连接于新风热交换器与送风口之间。The fresh air heat exchanger includes a fresh air branch pipe for avoiding a fresh air heat exchanger, and one end of the fresh air branch pipe is connected to the fresh air heat exchanger and the electrostatic dust filter through a sixth air inlet switching three-way valve of the switchable outlet. The other end is connected between the fresh air heat exchanger and the air supply port through a seventh air inlet switching three-way valve of the switchable inlet.
所述排风管道包括首段排风管、中段排风管以及末段排风管,所述新风热交换器位于于中段排风管上,所述末段排风管上设有排风机。The exhaust duct comprises a first exhaust duct, a middle exhaust duct and a last exhaust duct, wherein the fresh air heat exchanger is located on the middle exhaust duct, and the exhaust duct is provided with an exhaust fan.
所述新风热交换器还包括一根用于避让新风热交换器的排风支管,所述首段排风管通过可切换出口的第一排风切换三通阀与排风支管和中段排风管连接,所述末段排风管通过可切换入口的第二排风切换三通阀与排风支管和中段排风管连接。The fresh air heat exchanger further includes an exhaust manifold for escaping the fresh air heat exchanger, the first exhaust duct is switched by the first exhaust of the switchable outlet, the three-way valve and the exhaust branch pipe and the middle exhaust The pipe connection is connected to the exhaust pipe and the middle exhaust pipe through a second exhaust air switching three-way valve of the switchable inlet.
所述新风管道与排风管道之间设有回风管道,所述回风管道包括第一回风支管,所述排风管道于回风口与新风热交换器之间设有可切换出口的第一回风三通阀,所述新风管道于送风口与静电除尘过滤器之间设有可切换入口第二回风三通阀,所述第一回风三通阀与第二回风三通阀通过第一回风支管连接。A return air duct is disposed between the fresh air duct and the exhaust duct, and the return air duct includes a first return air branch pipe, and the exhaust air duct is provided with a switchable outlet between the air return port and the fresh air heat exchanger a return air three-way valve, wherein the fresh air duct is provided with a switchable inlet second return air three-way valve between the air supply port and the electrostatic precipitator filter, and the first return air three-way valve and the second return air three-way valve The valve is connected by a first return air branch.
所述回风管道还包括第二回风支管,所述排风管道于第一回风三通阀与新风热交换器之间设有可切换出口的第三回风三通阀,所述新风管道于静电除尘过滤器与进风口之间设有可切换入口的第四回风三通阀,所述第三回风三通阀与第四回风三通阀通过第二回风支管连接。The return air duct further includes a second return air branch pipe, and the exhaust air duct is provided with a third return air three-way valve capable of switching the outlet between the first return air three-way valve and the fresh air heat exchanger, the fresh air The pipeline is provided with a fourth return air three-way valve that can switch the inlet between the electrostatic precipitator filter and the air inlet, and the third return air three-way valve and the fourth return air three-way valve are connected through the second return air branch pipe.
所述新风管道的进风口装设有可切换通断的进风翻板阀,所述排风管道的出风口装设有可切换通断的出风翻板阀。The air inlet of the fresh air duct is provided with an air inlet flap valve that can be switched on and off, and the air outlet of the air outlet duct is provided with an air outlet flap valve that can be switched on and off.
所述进水管上装设有进水通断阀,所述排水管上装设有排水通断阀。The inlet pipe is provided with an inlet water on-off valve, and the drainage pipe is provided with a drainage on-off valve.
所述排风管道的出风口朝向所述空调外机的散热器。The air outlet of the exhaust duct faces the radiator of the air conditioner outer unit.
与现有技术相比,本发明的优点在于:The advantages of the present invention over the prior art are:
本发明的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,包括空调外机和空调内机,空调内机内设有新风热交换器和静电除尘过滤器,该结构将一套新风装置和一套除霾装置集成在空调内机内部,形成一套完整的系统机,可以同时实现对室内的温度调控、新风供给和去尘除霾,并且该系统机并非是采用将三种设备简单对接叠加的结构,而是通过合理的布局,大大简化 了管路结构,使三者有机的结合为一体,使其结构简单紧凑、占用空间小,大大提高了安装的方便性,节省了安装空间;该静电除尘过滤器采用的是静电除尘,能够对新风进行净化过滤,可实现清除PM2.5微颗粒的功能,静电除尘过滤器上设有进水管和排水管,具有水清洗功能,使用时,将水从进水管引入静电除尘过滤器对其内部的静电除尘组件进行清洗,静电除尘组件上的尘垢在水的清洗作用下完全脱离,打开排水管可将污水排出,完成自动清洗功能,无耗材、无需更换、拆装,维护成本低且使用方便、节能环保效果显著;新风热交换器位于新风管道和排风管道上,即新风和室内空气之间可进行冷热交换,起到节能的效果,新风管道配设有可切换新风流经新风热交换器和静电除尘过滤器先后顺序的管路,即新风在新风管道上可切换流向,当新风依次经过静电除尘过滤器和新风热交换器时,该新风先净化过滤后再进行冷热交换,可以避免新风热交换器内积灰,从而可减少对新风热交换器的维护工作,大大延长了新风热交换器的使用寿命,当新风依次经过新风热交换器和静电除尘过滤器时,该新风先冷热交换再净化过滤,适用于北方室外温度极低的地区,可防止静电除尘过滤器的清洗水冷凝结冰,保证了静电除尘过滤器清洗效果。The deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function of the invention comprises an air conditioner outer unit and an air conditioner inner unit, and the air conditioner inner machine is provided with a fresh air heat exchanger and an electrostatic dust removing filter, and the structure integrates a fresh air device and a set of removing device Inside the air conditioner, a complete system machine is formed, which can simultaneously realize temperature regulation, fresh air supply and dust removal and removal, and the system is not a simple superposition of three devices, but Greatly simplified through a reasonable layout The pipeline structure makes the organic combination of the three integrated, making the structure simple and compact, occupying small space, greatly improving the convenience of installation and saving installation space; the electrostatic dust filter adopts electrostatic dust removal and can The fresh air is purifying and filtering, and the function of removing PM2.5 micro particles can be realized. The electrostatic precipitator filter is provided with an inlet pipe and a drain pipe, and has a water cleaning function. When used, the water is introduced into the electrostatic dust filter from the inlet pipe to the inside. The electrostatic precipitator assembly is cleaned, and the dust on the electrostatic precipitator assembly is completely detached under the action of water cleaning. The drain pipe can be used to discharge the sewage, complete the automatic cleaning function, no consumables, no replacement, disassembly and assembly, low maintenance cost and convenient use. The energy saving and environmental protection effect is remarkable; the fresh air heat exchanger is located on the fresh air duct and the exhaust air duct, that is, the cold air exchange can be performed between the fresh air and the indoor air, which has the effect of energy saving, and the fresh air duct is equipped with a switchable fresh air flowing through the fresh air heat. The exchanger and the electrostatic precipitator filter have sequential pipelines, that is, the fresh air can switch the flow direction on the fresh air pipeline. After passing through the electrostatic precipitator filter and the fresh air heat exchanger, the fresh air is purified and filtered before being exchanged for cold and heat, which can avoid the accumulation of ash in the fresh air heat exchanger, thereby reducing the maintenance work on the fresh air heat exchanger and greatly prolonging the fresh air. The service life of the heat exchanger, when the fresh air passes through the fresh air heat exchanger and the electrostatic precipitator filter in turn, the fresh air is first exchanged for hot and cold exchange and then purified and filtered. It is suitable for the area with extremely low outdoor temperature in the north, which can prevent the cleaning of the electrostatic precipitator filter. The water is condensed and frozen to ensure the cleaning effect of the electrostatic precipitator filter.
【附图说明】[Description of the Drawings]
图1是本发明具有清洗功能的除霾空调的结构示意图。1 is a schematic structural view of a deodorizing air conditioner having a cleaning function according to the present invention.
图中各标号表示:The numbers in the figure indicate:
1、空调外机;2、空调内机;21、送风口;22、回风口;23、表冷器;24、送风机;3、冷媒管道;4、新风管道;41、首段进风管;42、中段进风管;421、第一中段支管;422、第二中段支管;4221、第一进风切换三通阀;4222、第二进风切换三通阀;4223、第三进风切换三通阀;4224、第四进风切换三通阀;4225、第五进风切换三通阀;43、末段进风管;5、排风管道;51、首段排风管;52、中段排风管;53、末段排风管;531、排风机;6、回风管道;61、第一回风支管;62、第一回风三通阀;63、第二回风三通阀;64、第二回风支管;65、第三回风三通阀;66、第四回风三通阀;7、新风热交换器;71、新风支管;711、第六进风切换三通阀;712、第七进风切换三通阀;72、排风支管;721、第一排风切换三通阀;722、第二排风切换三通阀;8、静电除尘过滤器;81、进水管;811、进水通断阀;82、排水管;821、排水通断阀;83、抽水泵;9、进风翻板阀;10、出风翻板阀;11、控制器。1, air conditioning outside the machine; 2, air conditioning internal machine; 21, air supply port; 22, return air outlet; 23, air cooler; 24, blower; 3, refrigerant pipeline; 4, fresh air pipeline; 41, the first section of the air duct; Middle section air inlet pipe; 421, first middle section branch pipe; 422, second middle section branch pipe; 4221, first air inlet switching three-way valve; 4222, second air inlet switching three-way valve; 4223, third air inlet switching three-way Valve; 4224, fourth air inlet switching three-way valve; 4225, fifth air inlet switching three-way valve; 43, end air inlet duct; 5, exhaust duct; 51, first exhaust duct; 52, middle exhaust duct ; 53, the last exhaust duct; 531, exhaust fan; 6, return air duct; 61, the first return air branch; 62, the first return air three-way valve; 63, the second return air three-way valve; Second return air branch pipe; 65, third return air three-way valve; 66, fourth return air three-way valve; 7, fresh air heat exchanger; 71, fresh air branch pipe; 711, sixth air inlet switching three-way valve; , the seventh air inlet switching three-way valve; 72, the exhaust branch pipe; 721, the first exhaust air switching three-way valve; 722, the second exhaust air switching three-way valve; 8, the electrostatic dust filter; 81, the water inlet pipe; 8 11, water inlet and outlet valves; 82, drain pipe; 821, drainage on-off valve; 83, pump; 9, air flap valve; 10, air flap valve; 11, controller.
【具体实施方式】【detailed description】
以下将结合说明书附图和具体实施例对本发明做进一步详细说明。The invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
如图1所示的本发明具有清洗功能的除霾空调的实施例,该空调包括空调外机1和空调内机2,空调外机1和空调内机2之间连接有冷媒管道3,空调内机2上设有送风口21 和回风口22,送风口21处装设有表冷器23和送风机24,空调内机2内设有新风热交换器7和静电除尘过滤器8,该结构将一套新风装置和一套除霾装置集成在空调内机2内部,形成一套完整的系统机,可以同时实现对室内的温度调控、新风供给和去尘除霾,并且该系统机并非是采用将三种设备简单对接叠加的结构,而是通过合理的布局,大大简化了管路结构,使三者有机的结合为一体,使其结构简单紧凑、占用空间小,大大提高了安装的方便性,节省了安装空间;静电除尘过滤器8上设有进水管81和排水管82,该静电除尘过滤器8采用的是静电除尘,能够对新风进行净化过滤,可实现清除PM2.5微颗粒的功能,对除尘组件的清洗为进出水清洗(可为喷淋式清洗或储水式清洗,本实施例中为储水式清洗),使用时,将水从进水管81引入静电除尘过滤器8的储水区内,对其内部的静电除尘组件进行浸没,静电除尘组件上的尘垢在水的浸泡作用下完全脱离,然后打开排水管82将储水区内的污水排出,以实现完成自动清洗功能,无耗材、无需更换、拆装,维护成本低且使用方便、节能环保效果显著;新风热交换器7位于新风管道4和排风管道5上,即新风和室内空气之间可进行冷热交换,起到节能的效果,新风管道4配设有可切换新风流经新风热交换器7和静电除尘过滤器8先后顺序的管路,即新风在新风管道4上可切换流向,当新风依次经过静电除尘过滤器8和新风热交换器7时,该新风先净化过滤后再进行冷热交换,可以避免新风热交换器7内积灰,从而可减少对新风热交换器7的维护工作,大大延长了新风热交换器7的使用寿命,当新风依次经过新风热交换器7和静电除尘过滤器8时,该新风先冷热交换再净化过滤,适用于北方室外温度极低的地区,可防止静电除尘过滤器8的清洗水冷凝结冰,保证了静电除尘过滤器8的清洗效果。As shown in FIG. 1 , the air conditioner includes an air conditioner outer unit 1 and an air conditioner inner unit 2, and a refrigerant duct 3 is connected between the air conditioner outer unit 1 and the air conditioner inner unit 2, and the air conditioner is connected to the air conditioner. The air blower 21 is provided on the inner machine 2 And the air return port 22, the air inlet 21 is provided with a surface cooler 23 and a blower 24, and the air conditioner inner machine 2 is provided with a fresh air heat exchanger 7 and an electrostatic dust filter 8 which divides a fresh air device and a set The 霾 device is integrated inside the air conditioner internal unit 2 to form a complete system machine, which can simultaneously realize temperature regulation, fresh air supply and dust removal and mitigation in the room, and the system is not simply superimposed and superimposed on the three devices. The structure, through a reasonable layout, greatly simplifies the pipeline structure, so that the organic combination of the three is integrated, making the structure simple and compact, occupying small space, greatly improving the convenience of installation, saving installation space; electrostatic dust removal The filter 8 is provided with an inlet pipe 81 and a drain pipe 82. The electrostatic precipitator filter 8 is electrostatically dust-removed, capable of purifying and filtering fresh air, and capable of removing PM2.5 micro-particles, and cleaning the dust-removing component is Inlet and outlet water cleaning (may be spray cleaning or water storage type cleaning, in this embodiment, water storage type cleaning), in use, water is introduced from the inlet pipe 81 into the water storage area of the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 The internal electrostatic precipitator assembly is immersed, the dust on the electrostatic precipitator assembly is completely detached by the water soaking action, and then the drain pipe 82 is opened to discharge the sewage in the water storage area, so as to complete the automatic cleaning function, no consumables, no replacement, Disassembly and assembly, low maintenance cost and convenient use, energy saving and environmental protection effect; fresh air heat exchanger 7 is located on fresh air duct 4 and exhaust duct 5, that is, cold air exchange can be performed between fresh air and indoor air, which has energy saving effect. The fresh air duct 4 is equipped with a pipeline that can switch the fresh air through the fresh air heat exchanger 7 and the electrostatic dust filter 8 in sequence, that is, the fresh air can switch the flow direction on the fresh air duct 4, when the fresh air passes through the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 and the fresh air in turn. In the case of the heat exchanger 7, the fresh air is first purified and filtered, and then exchanged for cold and heat, so that the ash accumulation in the fresh air heat exchanger 7 can be avoided, thereby reducing the maintenance work on the fresh air heat exchanger 7, and greatly extending the fresh air heat exchanger 7 The service life, when the fresh air passes through the fresh air heat exchanger 7 and the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 in sequence, the fresh air is first exchanged for hot and cold exchange and then purified and filtered, and is suitable for outdoor use in the north. In an extremely low temperature region, the cleaning water of the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 can be prevented from condensing and freezing, and the cleaning effect of the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 is ensured.
本实施例中,静电除尘过滤器8内装设有用于将水从进水管81引入至静电除尘过滤器8内的抽水泵83,使用时,可将静电除尘过滤器8上的进水管81与外部水源相连,再开启抽水泵83,使水从进水管81注入至静电除尘过滤器8的储水区内,对静电除尘组件清洗后,再将积水从排水管82排出,其结构简单、易于实现。In the present embodiment, the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 is provided with a water pump 83 for introducing water from the inlet pipe 81 into the electrostatic precipitator filter 8. In use, the inlet pipe 81 on the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 can be externally connected. The water source is connected, and the pump 83 is turned on again, so that water is injected from the inlet pipe 81 into the water storage area of the electrostatic precipitator filter 8. After the electrostatic precipitator assembly is cleaned, the accumulated water is discharged from the drain pipe 82, and the structure is simple and easy. achieve.
在其它实施例中,还可将静电除尘过滤器8上的进水管81与室内本身的自来水管进行连接,同样可实现实时的对静电除尘组件的清洗功能,其结构简单、使用方便。In other embodiments, the water inlet pipe 81 on the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 can be connected to the water pipe of the indoor environment, and the cleaning function of the electrostatic dust removal component can be realized in real time, and the structure is simple and convenient to use.
本实施例中,进水管81上装设有进水通断阀811,排水管82上装设有排水通断阀821,通过进水通断阀811的启闭以实现对注水量的控制,再通过排水通断阀821的启闭以实现对积水的排放,其结构简单实用。In the embodiment, the water inlet pipe 81 is provided with an inlet water on/off valve 811, and the drainage pipe 82 is provided with a water discharge on/off valve 821, and the water inlet and outlet valve 811 is opened and closed to control the water injection amount, and then The opening and closing of the drain on-off valve 821 is used to discharge the accumulated water, and the structure is simple and practical.
本实施例中,新风管道4包括首段进风管41、中段进风管42以及末段进风管43,首段进风管41与室外连通,送风机24位于末段进风管43上并靠近于送风口21,中段进风管42包括依次连通静电除尘过滤器8和新风热交换器7的第一中段支管421以及依次连 通新风热交换器7和静电除尘过滤器8的第二中段支管422,该结构中,新风从首段进风管41进入,从末段进风管43送入至室内,新风在中段进风管42时,可在第一中段支管421和第二中段支管422间进行流向的切换,当新风从第一中段支管421流至末段进风管43时,该新风会依次经过静电除尘过滤器8和新风热交换器7,当新风从第二中段支管422至末段进风管43时,该新风会依次经过新风热交换器7和静电除尘过滤器8,新风先进行冷热交换再进行净化过滤,适用于北方温差较大的极寒地区,其结构简单、使用方便。In this embodiment, the fresh air duct 4 includes a first section air inlet duct 41, a middle section air inlet duct 42 and a last section air inlet duct 43. The first section air inlet duct 41 is connected to the outdoor, and the blower 24 is located on the last section air inlet duct 43 and is adjacent to the air supply port 21, and the middle section enters The air duct 42 includes a first middle branch pipe 421 sequentially connected to the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 and the fresh air heat exchanger 7, and sequentially connected a second middle branch pipe 422 of the fresh air heat exchanger 7 and the electrostatic precipitator filter 8, in which fresh air enters from the first inlet air duct 41, is sent from the final air inlet duct 43 to the indoor, and when the fresh air is in the middle air inlet duct 42, The flow direction can be switched between the first middle branch pipe 421 and the second middle branch pipe 422. When fresh air flows from the first middle pipe branch 421 to the last air inlet pipe 43, the fresh air passes through the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 and the fresh air heat exchanger in turn. 7. When the fresh air flows from the second middle branch pipe 422 to the last stage air inlet pipe 43, the fresh air passes through the fresh air heat exchanger 7 and the electrostatic precipitator filter 8, and the fresh air is first subjected to hot and cold exchange and then purified and filtered, which is suitable for the northern temperature difference. The large extremely cold area has a simple structure and is easy to use.
实施例中,首段进风管41通过第一中段支管421依次经静电除尘过滤器8和新风热交换器7与末段进风管43连通,即静电除尘过滤器8和新风热交换器7均位于第一中段支管421上,当新风进入第一中段支管421时,该新风先进行净化过滤再进行冷热交换,其结构简单、易于实现。In the embodiment, the first stage inlet duct 41 is connected to the end section air inlet duct 43 through the first stage branch pipe 421 through the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 and the fresh air heat exchanger 7 in sequence, that is, the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 and the fresh air heat exchanger 7 are located first. On the middle branch pipe 421, when the fresh air enters the first middle branch pipe 421, the fresh air is first purified and filtered and then exchanged for cold and heat, and the structure is simple and easy to implement.
本实施例中,第二中段支管422包括设于第一中段支管421上的可切换出口的第一进风切换三通阀4221、第三进风切换三通阀4223和第四进风切换三通阀4224以及可切换入口的第二进风切换三通阀4222和第五进风切换三通阀4225,第一进风切换三通阀4221设于第一中段支管421与首段进风管41之间,第二进风切换三通阀4222设于新风热交换器7与静电除尘过滤器8之间,第三进风切换三通阀4223设于新风热交换器7与末段进风管43之间,第四进风切换三通阀4224设于第二进风切换三通阀4222与静电除尘过滤器8之间,第五进风切换三通阀4225设于第三进风切换三通阀4223与末段进风管43之间,首段进风管41通过第一中段支管421依次经第一进风切换三通阀4221、第二进风切换三通阀4222、新风热交换器7、第三进风切换三通阀4223、静电除尘过滤器8、第四进风切换三通阀4224和第五进风切换三通阀4225与末段进风管43连通,该结构中,通过对第一进风切换三通阀4221、第二进风切换三通阀4222、第三进风切换三通阀4223、第四进风切换三通阀4224以及第五进风切换三通阀4225出入口方向的控制,以实现新风流向的切换,其结构简单、设计巧妙。In this embodiment, the second middle branch pipe 422 includes a first inlet air switching three-way valve 4221, a third air inlet switching three-way valve 4223, and a fourth air inlet switch 3, which are provided on the first middle branch pipe 421. a valve 4224 and a second inlet air switching three-way valve 4222 and a fifth air inlet switching three-way valve 4225, wherein the first air inlet switching three-way valve 4221 is disposed in the first middle branch pipe 421 and the first air inlet pipe 41 The second inlet air switching three-way valve 4222 is disposed between the fresh air heat exchanger 7 and the electrostatic precipitator filter 8, and the third air inlet switching three-way valve 4223 is disposed between the fresh air heat exchanger 7 and the final air inlet duct 43. The fourth air inlet switching three-way valve 4224 is disposed between the second air inlet switching three-way valve 4222 and the electrostatic precipitator filter 8, and the fifth air inlet switching three-way valve 4225 is disposed at the third air inlet switching three-way valve 4223. Between the end section air inlet pipe 43 and the first stage air inlet pipe 41, the first air inlet pipe 421 passes through the first air inlet switching three-way valve 4221, the second air inlet switching three-way valve 4222, the fresh air heat exchanger 7, and the third air inlet. Switching three-way valve 4223, electrostatic precipitator filter 8, fourth air inlet switching three-way valve 4224 and fifth air inlet The three-way valve 4225 is in communication with the last stage air inlet duct 43. In this configuration, the first air inlet switching three-way valve 4221, the second air inlet switching three-way valve 4222, the third air inlet switching three-way valve 4223, and the fourth inlet The wind switching three-way valve 4224 and the fifth air inlet switching three-way valve 4225 are controlled in the direction of entrance and exit to realize the switching of the fresh air flow direction, and the structure is simple and the design is ingenious.
本实施例中,新风热交换器7包括一根用于避让新风热交换器7的新风支管71,新风支管71一端通过可切换出口的第六进风切换三通阀711连接于新风热交换器7与静电除尘过滤器8之间,另一端通过可切换入口的第七进风切换三通阀712连接于新风热交换器7与送风口21之间,该结构中,通过第六进风切换三通阀711对出口通断方向的切换以及第七进风切换三通阀712对入口通断方向的切换,可控制新风从中段进风管42经新风热交换器7进入末段进风管43或新风直接从新风支管71进入末段进风管43,最终从送风口21进入室内,同时适用于需要进行冷热交换以降低耗能的时节或室内外温差较小、不需要进行冷热交换的时节,其结构简单、设计巧妙。 In the present embodiment, the fresh air heat exchanger 7 includes a fresh air branch pipe 71 for avoiding the fresh air heat exchanger 7, and one end of the fresh air branch pipe 71 is connected to the fresh air heat exchanger through a sixth intake air switching three-way valve 711 of the switchable outlet. 7 is connected between the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 and the other end through a seventh inlet air switching three-way valve 712 of the switchable inlet between the fresh air heat exchanger 7 and the air supply port 21, in which the sixth air inlet is switched. The switching of the three-way valve 711 to the outlet switching direction and the switching of the seventh inlet switching three-way valve 712 to the inlet and outlet directions can control the fresh air from the middle inlet duct 42 to the final inlet duct 43 via the fresh air heat exchanger 7 or The fresh air directly enters the final air inlet pipe 43 from the fresh air branch pipe 71, and finally enters the indoor air supply port 21, and is suitable for the time when the heat exchange is required to reduce the energy consumption or the indoor/outdoor temperature difference is small, and the hot and cold exchange is not required. Its structure is simple and its design is ingenious.
本实施例中,排风管道5包括首段排风管51、中段排风管52以及末段排风管53,新风热交换器7位于于中段排风管52上,末段排风管53上设有排风机531,该结构中,室内空气经过首段排风管51后进入中段排风管52上的新风热交换器7内,与新风进行冷热交换,再经末段排风管53并在排风机531的作用下从出风口排出至室外,其结构简单、使用方便。In this embodiment, the exhaust duct 5 includes a first exhaust duct 51, a middle exhaust duct 52, and a final exhaust duct 53, the fresh air heat exchanger 7 is located on the middle exhaust duct 52, and the end exhaust duct 53 is provided. There is an exhaust fan 531. In this structure, the indoor air passes through the first exhaust duct 51 and enters the fresh air heat exchanger 7 on the middle exhaust duct 52, and performs hot and cold exchange with the fresh air, and then passes through the end exhaust duct. 53 is discharged from the air outlet to the outside under the action of the exhaust fan 531, and has a simple structure and convenient use.
本实施例中,新风热交换器7还包括一根用于避让新风热交换器7的排风支管72,首段排风管51通过可切换出口的第一排风切换三通阀721与排风支管72和中段排风管52连接,末段排风管53通过可切换入口的第二排风切换三通阀722与排风支管72和中段排风管52连接,该结构中,通过第一排风切换三通阀721对出口通断方向的切换以及第二排风切换三通阀722对入口通断方向的切换,可控制室内空气从第一排风切换三通阀721经新风热交换器7进入末段排风管53或室内空气直接从排风支管72进入末段排风管53,最终从出风口排出至室外,同时适用于需要进行冷热交换以降低耗能的时节或室内外温差较小、不需要进行冷热交换的时节,其结构简单、设计巧妙。In this embodiment, the fresh air heat exchanger 7 further includes an exhaust manifold 72 for escaping the fresh air heat exchanger 7, and the first exhaust duct 51 is switched between the first exhaust and the three-way valve 721 and the row through the switchable outlet. The wind branch pipe 72 is connected to the middle exhaust pipe 52, and the last exhaust pipe 53 is connected to the exhaust pipe branch 72 and the middle exhaust pipe 52 through the second exhaust air switching three-way valve 722 of the switchable inlet. The switching of the outlet switching direction of the air switching three-way valve 721 and the switching of the opening and closing direction of the inlet of the second exhaust switching three-way valve 722 can control the indoor air to switch from the first exhaust to the three-way valve 721 via the fresh air heat. The exchanger 7 enters the final exhaust duct 53 or the indoor air directly enters the final exhaust duct 53 from the exhaust branch pipe 72, and is finally discharged from the air outlet to the outside, and is suitable for a time when heat exchange is required to reduce energy consumption or The temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is small, and there is no need for hot and cold exchange. The structure is simple and the design is ingenious.
本实施例中,新风管道4与排风管道5之间设有回风管道6,回风管道6包括第一回风支管61,排风管道5于回风口22与新风热交换器7之间设有可切换出口的第一回风三通阀62,新风管道4于送风口21与静电除尘过滤器8之间设有可切换入口第二回风三通阀63,第一回风三通阀62与第二回风三通阀63通过第一回风支管61连接,该结构中,通过第一回风三通阀62对出口通断方向的切换以及第二回风三通阀63对入口通断方向的切换,可保证室内质量较好的空气可经第一回风支管61进入到达送风口21,再从送风口21进入室内,达到室内较好的空气的循环使用,其结构简单实用、节能环保。In this embodiment, a return air duct 6 is disposed between the fresh air duct 4 and the exhaust duct 5, and the return air duct 6 includes a first return air branch duct 61 between the return air duct 22 and the fresh air heat exchanger 7. The first return air three-way valve 62 is provided with a switchable outlet, and the fresh air duct 4 is provided with a switchable inlet second return air three-way valve 63 between the air supply port 21 and the electrostatic precipitator filter 8, the first return air three-way valve The valve 62 and the second return air three-way valve 63 are connected by a first return air branch pipe 61. In this configuration, the first return air three-way valve 62 switches the outlet opening and closing direction and the second return air three-way valve 63 The switching of the inlet and outlet directions ensures that the air of better indoor quality can enter the air supply port 21 through the first return air branch pipe 61, and then enter the room from the air supply port 21 to achieve better indoor air circulation, and the structure is simple. Practical, energy saving and environmental protection.
本实施例中,回风管道6还包括第二回风支管64,排风管道5于第一回风三通阀62与新风热交换器7之间设有可切换出口的第三回风三通阀65,新风管道4于静电除尘过滤器8与进风口之间设有可切换入口的第四回风三通阀66,第三回风三通阀65与第四回风三通阀66通过第二回风支管64连接,该结构中,通过第三回风三通阀65对出口通断方向的切换以及第四回风三通阀66对入口通断方向的切换,还可实现室内的空气经第二回风支管64进入静电除尘过滤器8进行净化过滤,再经新风管道4进入室内,以实现室内空气的循环使用,适用于室内空气的过滤净化回风,其结构简单、使用非常方便。In the present embodiment, the return air duct 6 further includes a second return air branch pipe 64. The exhaust air duct 5 is provided with a third return air three of the switchable outlet between the first return air three-way valve 62 and the fresh air heat exchanger 7. The valve 65, the fresh air duct 4 is provided with a fourth return air three-way valve 66, a third return air three-way valve 65 and a fourth return air three-way valve 66 between the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 and the air inlet. The second return air branch pipe 64 is connected. In this configuration, the switching of the outlet opening and closing direction by the third return air three-way valve 65 and the switching of the fourth return air three-way valve 66 to the inlet and outlet directions can also realize indoors. The air enters the electrostatic precipitator filter 8 through the second return air branch pipe 64 for purification and filtration, and then enters the room through the fresh air duct 4 to realize the circulation of the indoor air, and is suitable for filtering and purifying the return air of the indoor air, and the structure thereof is simple and used. Very convenient.
本实施例中,新风管道4的进风口装设有可切换通断的进风翻板阀9,排风管道5的出风口装设有可切换通断的出风翻板阀10,空调外机1和空调内机2之间还装设有用于控制进风翻板阀9和出风翻板阀10启闭以及控制各三通阀通断切换方向的控制器11,通过该控制器11可控制进风翻板阀9和出风翻板阀10的启闭,以保证正常进风和排风功能, 该控制器11还能控制各三通阀中阀板的位置切换(各三通阀中阀板均能实现两个位置的切换,如图1所示的各三通阀的A位和B位),当阀板位于A位时,该三通阀的B位是连通的,当阀板位于B位时,该三通阀的A位是连通的,其结构简单可靠、保证了进风、排风以及回风等各个状态的自由切换,大大提高了该系统空调机的适用范围。In this embodiment, the air inlet of the fresh air duct 4 is provided with an air inlet flap valve 9 that can be switched on and off, and the air outlet of the air exhaust duct 5 is provided with an air outlet flap valve 10 that can be switched on and off. A controller 11 for controlling the opening and closing of the inlet flap valve 9 and the outlet flap valve 10 and controlling the switching direction of each three-way valve is further disposed between the machine 1 and the air conditioner inner unit 2, and the controller 11 is passed through the controller 11 The opening and closing of the inlet flap valve 9 and the outlet flap valve 10 can be controlled to ensure normal air intake and exhaust function. The controller 11 can also control the position switching of the valve plates in each three-way valve (the valve plates in each three-way valve can realize the switching of two positions, the A and B positions of the three-way valves shown in FIG. 1) When the valve plate is in the A position, the B position of the three-way valve is connected. When the valve plate is at the B position, the A position of the three-way valve is connected, and the structure is simple and reliable, and the air inlet is ensured. The free switching of various states such as exhaust and return air greatly improves the application range of the air conditioner of the system.
本实施例中,本实施例中,排风管道5的出风口朝向空调外机1的散热器,由于出风口朝向空调外机1的散热器,室内空气排出至室外时可对空调外机1降温散热,可降低空调外机1的运行功率,进一步起到节能的作用。In this embodiment, in the embodiment, the air outlet of the exhaust duct 5 faces the radiator of the air conditioner outside machine 1, and the air outlet is directed to the radiator of the air conditioner outside machine 1, and the indoor air is discharged to the outside of the air conditioner. Cooling and heat dissipation can reduce the operating power of the air conditioner outside unit 1, and further contribute to energy saving.
虽然本发明已以较佳实施例揭示如上,然而并非用以限定本发明。任何熟悉本领域的技术人员,在不脱离本发明技术方案范围的情况下,都可利用上述揭示的技术内容对本发明技术方案做出许多可能的变动和修饰,或修改为等同变化的等效实施例。因此,凡是未脱离本发明技术方案的内容,依据本发明技术实质对以上实施例所做的任何简单修改、等同变化及修饰,均应落在本发明技术方案保护的范围内。 Although the invention has been disclosed above in the preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the invention. Any person skilled in the art can make many possible variations and modifications to the technical solutions of the present invention by using the above-disclosed technical contents, or modify the equivalent implementation of equivalent changes without departing from the scope of the technical solutions of the present invention. example. Therefore, any simple modifications, equivalent changes, and modifications to the above embodiments in accordance with the teachings of the present invention should fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

  1. 一种具有清洗功能的除霾空调,包括空调外机(1)和空调内机(2),所述空调外机(1)和空调内机(2)之间连接有冷媒管道(3),所述空调内机(2)上设有送风口(21)和回风口(22),所述送风口(21)处装设有表冷器(23)和送风机(24),其特征在于:所述空调内机(2)内设有新风热交换器(7)和静电除尘过滤器(8),所述送风口(21)设有经新风热交换器(7)和静电除尘过滤器(8)连接至室外的新风管道(4),所述回风口(22)设有经新风热交换器(7)连接至室外的排风管道(5),所述新风管道(4)配设有可切换新风流经新风热交换器(7)和静电除尘过滤器(8)先后顺序的管路,所述静电除尘过滤器(8)连有用于清洗的进水管(81)和用于排出污水的排水管(82)。A de-icing air conditioner having a cleaning function includes an air conditioner outer unit (1) and an air conditioner inner unit (2), and a refrigerant pipe (3) is connected between the air conditioner outer unit (1) and the air conditioner inner unit (2), The air conditioner (2) is provided with an air supply port (21) and a return air outlet (22), and the air supply port (21) is provided with a surface cooler (23) and a blower (24), wherein: The air conditioner (2) is provided with a fresh air heat exchanger (7) and an electrostatic precipitator filter (8), and the air supply port (21) is provided with a fresh air heat exchanger (7) and an electrostatic precipitator filter ( 8) a fresh air duct (4) connected to the outdoor, the return air duct (22) is provided with an exhaust duct (5) connected to the outdoor via a fresh air heat exchanger (7), and the fresh air duct (4) is provided The fresh air can be switched through the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the electrostatic dust filter (8) in sequence, and the electrostatic dust filter (8) is connected with an inlet pipe (81) for cleaning and for discharging sewage. Drain pipe (82).
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述静电除尘过滤器(8)内装设有用于将水从进水管(81)引入至静电除尘过滤器(8)内的抽水泵(83)。A deodorizing air conditioner with a cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that the electrostatic precipitator filter (8) is provided with a device for introducing water from the inlet pipe (81) into the electrostatic precipitator filter (8). Pump (83).
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述新风管道(4)包括首段进风管(41)、中段进风管(42)以及末段进风管(43),所述首段进风管(41)与室外连通,所述送风机(24)位于末段进风管(43)上并靠近于所述送风口(21),所述中段进风管(42)包括依次连通静电除尘过滤器(8)和新风热交换器(7)的第一中段支管(421)以及依次连通新风热交换器(7)和静电除尘过滤器(8)的第二中段支管(422)。The deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the fresh air duct (4) comprises a first section air inlet duct (41), a middle section air inlet duct (42) and a last section air inlet duct (43). The first inlet air duct (41) is connected to the outdoor, the blower (24) is located on the end air inlet duct (43) and is adjacent to the air supply port (21), and the middle air inlet duct (42) includes electrostatic dust removal in sequence. The filter (8) and the first middle branch pipe (421) of the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the second middle branch pipe (422) which sequentially connects the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the electrostatic precipitator filter (8).
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述首段进风管(41)通过第一中段支管(421)依次经静电除尘过滤器(8)和新风热交换器(7)与末段进风管(43)连通。The deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function according to claim 3, characterized in that: the first stage air inlet pipe (41) passes through the first middle branch pipe (421) through the electrostatic precipitator filter (8) and the fresh air heat exchanger ( 7) Connect with the final inlet duct (43).
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述第二中段支管(422)包括设于第一中段支管(421)上的可切换出口的第一进风切换三通阀(4221)、第三进风切换三通阀(4223)和第四进风切换三通阀(4224)以及可切换入口的第二进风切换三通阀(4222)和第五进风切换三通阀(4225),所述第一进风切换三通阀(4221)设于第一中段支管(421)与首段进风管(41)之间,所述第二进风切换三通阀(4222)设于新风热交换器(7)与静电除尘过滤器(8)之间,所述第三进风切换三通阀(4223)设于新风热交换器(7)与末段进风管(43)之间,所述第四进风切换三通阀(4224)设于第二进风切换三通阀(4222)与静电除尘过滤器(8)之间,所述第五进风切换三通阀(4225)设于第三进风切换三通阀(4223)与末段进风管(43)之间,所述首段进风管(41)通过第一中段支管(421)依次经第一进风切换三通阀(4221)、第二进风切换三通阀(4222)、新风热交换器(7)、第三进风切换三通阀(4223)、静电除尘过滤器(8)、第四进风切换三通阀(4224)和第五进风切换三通阀(4225)与末段进风管(43)连通。 The deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function according to claim 4, wherein the second middle branch pipe (422) comprises a first air inlet switch 3 of the switchable outlet provided on the first middle branch pipe (421) a valve (4221), a third inlet switching three-way valve (4223), a fourth inlet switching three-way valve (4224), and a second inlet switching three-way valve (4222) and a fifth inlet that can switch the inlet Switching a three-way valve (4225), the first air inlet switching three-way valve (4221) is disposed between the first middle branch pipe (421) and the first air inlet pipe (41), and the second air inlet switching three-way valve (4222) is disposed between the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the electrostatic precipitator filter (8), and the third air inlet switching three-way valve (4223) is disposed in the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the end air inlet pipe ( 43) The fourth inlet air switching three-way valve (4224) is disposed between the second air inlet switching three-way valve (4222) and the electrostatic precipitator filter (8), and the fifth air inlet switching is three The through valve (4225) is disposed between the third intake air switching three-way valve (4223) and the last stage air inlet pipe (43), and the first air inlet pipe (41) passes through the first middle branch pipe (421) through the first air inlet. Switch three-way valve (4221), second into Wind switching three-way valve (4222), fresh air heat exchanger (7), third air inlet switching three-way valve (4223), electrostatic precipitator filter (8), fourth air inlet switching three-way valve (4224) and The five-inlet switching three-way valve (4225) is in communication with the final inlet duct (43).
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述新风热交换器(7)包括一根用于避让新风热交换器(7)的新风支管(71),所述新风支管(71)一端通过可切换出口的第六进风切换三通阀(711)连接于新风热交换器(7)与静电除尘过滤器(8)之间,另一端通过可切换入口的第七进风切换三通阀(712)连接于新风热交换器(7)与送风口(21)之间。A deodorizing air conditioner having a cleaning function according to claim 3, wherein said fresh air heat exchanger (7) comprises a fresh air branch pipe (71) for avoiding the fresh air heat exchanger (7), One end of the fresh air branch pipe (71) is connected between the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the electrostatic precipitator filter (8) through the sixth air inlet switching three-way valve (711) of the switchable outlet, and the other end passes through the switchable inlet. The seven inlet air switching three-way valve (712) is connected between the fresh air heat exchanger (7) and the air supply port (21).
  7. 根据权利要求3所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述排风管道(5)包括首段排风管(51)、中段排风管(52)以及末段排风管(53),所述新风热交换器(7)位于于中段排风管(52)上,所述末段排风管(53)上设有排风机(531)。The deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function according to claim 3, characterized in that: the exhaust duct (5) comprises a first exhaust duct (51), a middle exhaust duct (52) and a final exhaust duct (53) The fresh air heat exchanger (7) is located on the middle exhaust duct (52), and the exhaust duct (53) is provided with an exhaust fan (531).
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述新风热交换器(7)还包括一根用于避让新风热交换器(7)的排风支管(72),所述首段排风管(51)通过可切换出口的第一排风切换三通阀(721)与排风支管(72)和中段排风管(52)连接,所述末段排风管(53)通过可切换入口的第二排风切换三通阀(722)与排风支管(72)和中段排风管(52)连接。A deodorizing air conditioner having a cleaning function according to claim 7, wherein said fresh air heat exchanger (7) further comprises an exhaust branch pipe (72) for avoiding the fresh air heat exchanger (7), The first exhaust duct (51) is connected to the exhaust branch pipe (72) and the middle exhaust pipe (52) through a first exhaust air switching three-way valve (721) of the switchable outlet, the last exhaust pipe (53) The third exhaust valve switching three-way valve (722) is connected to the exhaust branch pipe (72) and the middle exhaust pipe (52) through the switchable inlet.
  9. 根据权利要求3所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述新风管道(4)与排风管道(5)之间设有回风管道(6),所述回风管道(6)包括第一回风支管(61),所述排风管道(5)于回风口(22)与新风热交换器(7)之间设有可切换出口的第一回风三通阀(62),所述新风管道(4)于送风口(21)与静电除尘过滤器(8)之间设有可切换入口第二回风三通阀(63),所述第一回风三通阀(62)与第二回风三通阀(63)通过第一回风支管(61)连接。The deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function according to claim 3, characterized in that: between the fresh air duct (4) and the exhaust duct (5), a return air duct (6) is provided, and the return air duct ( 6) comprising a first return air branch pipe (61), the exhaust air duct (5) is provided with a first return air three-way valve (for example) between the air return port (22) and the fresh air heat exchanger (7) 62) The fresh air duct (4) is provided with a switchable inlet second return air three-way valve (63) between the air supply port (21) and the electrostatic precipitator filter (8), the first return air three-way valve The valve (62) and the second return air three-way valve (63) are connected by a first return air branch pipe (61).
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述回风管道(6)还包括第二回风支管(64),所述排风管道(5)于第一回风三通阀(62)与新风热交换器(7)之间设有可切换出口的第三回风三通阀(65),所述新风管道(4)于静电除尘过滤器(8)与进风口之间设有可切换入口的第四回风三通阀(66),所述第三回风三通阀(65)与第四回风三通阀(66)通过第二回风支管(64)连接。The deodorizing air conditioner with cleaning function according to claim 9, characterized in that the return air duct (6) further comprises a second return air branch pipe (64), and the exhaust air duct (5) is in the first time A third return air three-way valve (65) is provided between the wind three-way valve (62) and the fresh air heat exchanger (7), and the fresh air duct (4) is disposed on the electrostatic precipitator filter (8). A fourth return air three-way valve (66) is provided between the air inlets, wherein the third return air three-way valve (65) and the fourth return air three-way valve (66) pass through the second return air branch pipe (64) Connection.
  11. 根据权利要求1至10中任一项所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述新风管道(4)的进风口装设有可切换通断的进风翻板阀(9),所述排风管道(5)的出风口装设有可切换通断的出风翻板阀(10)。The de-icing air conditioner with a cleaning function according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that: the air inlet of the fresh air duct (4) is provided with an air inlet flap valve that can be switched on and off (9). The air outlet of the exhaust duct (5) is provided with an air outlet flap valve (10) that can be switched on and off.
  12. 根据权利要求1至10中任一项所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述进水管(81)上装设有进水通断阀(811),所述排水管(82)上装设有排水通断阀(821)。A de-icing air conditioner having a washing function according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that: the water inlet pipe (81) is provided with an inlet water-stop valve (811), and the drain pipe (82) The top is equipped with a drain on/off valve (821).
  13. 根据权利要求1至10中任一项所述的具有清洗功能的除霾空调,其特征在于:所述排风管道(5)的出风口朝向所述空调外机(1)的散热器。 The de-icing air conditioner with a washing function according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the air outlet of the exhaust duct (5) faces the radiator of the air conditioner outer unit (1).
PCT/CN2015/086713 2014-08-13 2015-08-12 Smog-removing air conditioner having cleaning function WO2016023480A1 (en)

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CN104654455B (en) * 2014-08-13 2018-07-24 戴若夫 Haze air-conditioning is removed with cleaning function

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JP2010273871A (en) * 2009-05-28 2010-12-09 Haidekku:Kk Dust collecting air-conditioning system
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CN104654455A (en) * 2014-08-13 2015-05-27 戴若夫 Haze removing air conditioner with cleaning function

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