WO2015063581A1 - Heavy metal and chemical destructor - Google Patents

Heavy metal and chemical destructor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015063581A1
WO2015063581A1 PCT/IB2014/002406 IB2014002406W WO2015063581A1 WO 2015063581 A1 WO2015063581 A1 WO 2015063581A1 IB 2014002406 W IB2014002406 W IB 2014002406W WO 2015063581 A1 WO2015063581 A1 WO 2015063581A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
chamber
chambers
ozone
system
treatment system
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IB2014/002406
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Ian Geoffrey Cummins
Original Assignee
Intellectual Property Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU2013904282 priority Critical
Priority to AU2013904282A priority patent/AU2013904282A0/en
Application filed by Intellectual Property Limited filed Critical Intellectual Property Limited
Publication of WO2015063581A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015063581A1/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • C02F1/78Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation with ozone
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/30Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation
    • C02F1/32Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation with ultra-violet light
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/461Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis
    • C02F1/467Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • C02F1/76Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation with halogens or compounds of halogens

Abstract

A fluid treatment system and method for treating liquid are provided. The system comprises a series of interconnected upright elongated chambers with at least one inlet and at least one outlet from the system. The chambers comprises: at least one first chamber (20) comprising an inlet and outlet such that fluid flows downwardly through the first chamber (20) from the inlet to the outlet. The first chamber (20) also comprises a means for introducing ozone gas into a lower end of the first chamber (20) for bubbling upwardly through liquid flowing downwardly through the first chamber (20), and a tube (22) extending longitudinally inside of the first chamber (20) and housing a first ultraviolet light. The chambers further comprises at least one second chamber comprising an inlet for fluid to be treated at a lower end of the second chamber and an outlet at an upper end of the second chamber with at least one tube extending longitudinally inside of the second chamber and housing a second ultraviolet light. The first and second chambers are connected such that fluid passes from the first chamber (20) into the second chamber, and the outlet of the second chamber is located below the level of the input of the first chamber (20) such that fluid flows gravitationally through the system.

Description

HEAVY METAL AND CHEMICAL 'DESTRUCTOR

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates generally io a heavy metal and chemical destructor and method of removing heavy metals and chemicals which is suited for treating liquid such as water ibr the purposes of purifying, cleaning or otherwise removing impurities or contaminants in the liquid. In particular, the invention has been designed to remove salt or sodium chloride from salt water or turn sea water to fresh water capable of being consumed for human or animal use, or in other words pass drinking water standards.

The present inventio may also be applied to the treatment of gases for the purposes of pwiryiag gases. The system can also be used to destroy mos bacteria and a number of known viruses as well as having the ability to break down and remove heavy metals and chemicals in various degrees. Furthermore the present invention has been designed to remove any organic compound in the water or fluid such as cyanides, carbides and the like. The addition of detergents and other substances may be used to assist in the removal of sodium chlorides and various other substances.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

It should be noted that reference to the prior art herein is not to be taken as an acknowledgement mat such prior art constitutes common general knowledge in the art.

The treatment of water ibr the purposes of purifying the liquid or removing contaminants from water has become an increasing problem for growing communities where increasing volumes of effluent or contaminated water is generated. Water contamination is generated commercially, agriculturally as well as m the domestic environment, often such water cannot be treated by conventional means such as reverse osmosis. This polluted waters end up in rivers, dams and especially in underground waters resources. As the pollution levels rise water becomes harder and harder to treat b conventional means. Furthermore, levels of energy required to clean such water becomes economically unviable.

With water shortages it is highly desirable that the contaminated water be treated so as to enable it to be reused or recycled. Other water intended ibr drinking and which, is supplied in a reticulated system often has insufficient treatment to enable it to he safely drunk.

By way of example the automated and non-automated vehicle washing apparatus: use considerable quantities of water in washing vehicles. Water which is used in the vehicle washing process can he contaminated with soap and detergent suds used in the washing process as well as grease, oil, brake pad dust, road grime and other contaminants. Furthermore, a considerable volume of water is used in the washing process which is obviously undesirable from the point of view of water conservation. Difficulties are also encountered in teasing water from vehicle washing apparatus because of the contaminants in the water used in the washing process.

Similar difficulties to that described above have been encountered where purifying of removing of contaminants from other liquids is required and additionally in purifying or removing contaminants from gases.

It ha become customar' to treat water for human consumption with chlorine, or a chlorine-based chemical. This technique, "chlorination," is designed to destroy pathogens, oxidize organic matter, and render harmless any toxic components that may be present in the water. Typically, due to the mechanism by which chlorine operates, an excessive amount of chlorine must be used so that a chlorine residue is always present in the water.

As an alternative to chlorination, it has long been, known to ozonate water in order to oxidize pathogens and any other oxidizable organic or inorganic material that, might be present in contaminated water. Ozone rapidly undergoes reaction to revert to more stable oxygen, releasing an oxygen free radical in the process. Two such free radicals can combine to form an oxygen molecule or the free radicals can oxidize an oxidizable substrate. The speed in which the ozone reverts back to oxygen has proved problematic in recent attempts to ozonate water.

In remote areas, and in Third World countries, the purification of contaminated wate provides further challenges. Available water supplies are often contaminated. Moreover, the water supply is sometimes limited and can be exhausted seasonally, requiring usee to move to another supply. Under these conditions, a system for water purification must be robust, simple to use, automated with robust controls, mobile, and relatively inexpensive. While treated water may be transported to these locations, such transportation is expensive for a heavy bulk item that is used in large quantities. Also, transportation and storage pose potential reinfection issues.

Accordingly, it would he advantageous of the present invention to provide a contrivance which ameliorates one or more of the disadvantages set forth above or at least provides a alternative to the prior art. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accordance with a first aspect the present invention provides a fluid treatment system, comprising: a series of interconnected- upright elongated chambers, said series of chambers having at least one et to the system and at least one outlet from the system. such that the inlet is located at a height higher than the outlet of the series of chambers, the series comprising: at least one first chamber comprising: an inlet for fluid to be treated at an u p r end of said first chamber; an outlet .from the first chamber at a lower end of said first chamber such, that fluid flows downwardly through said first chamber from said inlet to said outlet; means for introducing ozone gas into lower end of said first chamber for bubbling upwardly through liquid flowing downwardly through said first chamber; and a tube extending longitudinally inside of the first chamber and housing a first ultraviolet light; at least one second chamber comprising: an inlet for fluid to be treated at a lower end of said second chamber: an outlet from the second chamber at an upper end of said second chamber such that fluid flows upwardly through said second chamber from said inlet to said outlet; and at least one tube extending longitudinally inside of the second chamber and housing a second ultraviolet light; wherein the .first and second chambers are connected such that, fluid passes from the first chamber into the second chamber, and the outlet of said second chamber is located below the level of the input of the first chamber such that fluid flows gtavitationaHy through the fluid treatment system.

Preferably, the means for introducing ozone bubbles into the lower end of the first chambe may comprise: at least one ozone generator connected to at least one longitudinally extending ozone chamber; an air blower or pump for blowing air or oxygen into a manifold connected to the ozone chamber an ozone control valve to control the flow of ozone gas; and wherein the ozone generator uses Oj or pure oxygen which is pushed through the ozone generato to produce ozone which is pushed downwardly through the ozone chamber and into a bubble creating medium in the lower end of the first chamber such that the ozone bubbles will flow upwardly through the fluid flowing downwardly in the first chamber. The at least one ozone generator may use 0> or pure oxygen which is pulled through an ozone generator to produce ozone gas.. The at least one ozone generator may be an ultraviolet, lamp generating ultraviolet radiation from said lamp being of a frequency to convert oxygen in said air into ozone. The at least one ozone generator may be an ultraviolet lamp operating at a wavelength, around 253 nanometres. The at least one ozone chamber may he vertically or horizontally mounted in the system.

Preferably, the height of the ozone controlled bubbles in the first chamber may be controlled by adjusting a control flow val ve which controls the amount of ozone flowing through the babble creating medium. The bubble creating medium may be any¬ one of an air stone or venturi unit or similar which creates the bubbles which, bubble, against the fluid flow passing in a downward direction within the .first chamber.

Alternatively the control of the rise of the ozone bubbles may be controlled by an inlet valve.

Preferably, each .first chamber may have a clear view window located in an upper section of the first chamber, the window allows the ozone bubbles to be seen in the first chamber.

Preferably, the system may further comprise a means at the upper end of said first chamber for removing waste in said liquid conveyed, by said bubbles upwardly through said chamber. The means at the upper end of said chamber for removing waste may comprise an inverted ϋ-shaped trap and/or a venturi unit.

Preferably, the tube may extend substantially the length of the first, chamber and the tube protects the ultraviolet ligh from the fluid inside the first chamber.

Preferably, the at least one tube may extend substantially the length of the second chamber and. said tube protects the ultraviolet light from the fluid in the second chamber.

Preferably, the tube may be manufactured from clear .quart* or from any like material, the tube allows the Sight wave from the ultraviolet light to heat the ozon bubbles and he reflected around the chamber,

Preferably, a reflective material may be placed on the inside of the walls of the first or second chamber to impro ve tire reflection of the ultraviolet light in the chamber. The ultraviolet light may extend longitudinally and substantially for the length of the tube. The ultraviolet light may have, a wavelength of approximately 253 nanometres.

Preferably, the system may further comprise an end cap which is releasably attached to the top of each chamber and in which the tube is mounted., the end cap has an aperture though which the ultraviolet lamp is passed into the tube. The second chamber may comprise two tubes with ultraviolet lights extending longitudinally in each tube. Preferably, the first ultraviolet light or the means for introducing ozone bubbles may be switched between active and non-active status to effectively change the oxidation process within the first chamber. The second ultraviolet light may be switched between active and non-active status to effectively change the sterilization process within the second chamber.

Preferably, the ozone generator may be used to assist the gravitational flow of fluid through the system.

Preferably, at least some of said first chambers may be of a successively decreasing height or length from an Met to said system to an outlet from said system. At least some of said second chambers may be of a successively decreasing height or length from an inlet to said system to an outlet from said system. The first chambers and second chambers may be arranged in transverse rows and wherein the inlets to the first chambers are connected to an inlet mixing manifo l d and wherein the outlets of said first chambers are connected to an outlet mixing manifold, said outlet mixing manifold being connected to inlets to said second chambers via transfer passages.

Preferably, the waste removin means of each said first chamber is connected to one or more common waste pipes. Likewise the lower ends of said first and second chambers may be selectively coariectable to one or more common drainage pipes or ducts via control valves to allow drainage of said first and second chambers.

Preferably, the first and second chambers may be located in an in-line system with, alternating first and second chambers. The fluid treatment system, may comprise two first chambers and two second chambers arranged in a Ime. Alternatively, the fluid treatment system may comprise a plurality of chambers. The plurality of chambers may comprise equal numbers of first and second chambers. Alternatively, the plurality of chambers may comprise unequal numbers of first and second chambers.

Alternatively, the first chambers may be set out in the system in a -asig-zag pattern and likewise the second chambers may be also set out in the system in a zig-zag pattern.

Preferably, the system may further comprise a plurality of said fluid treatment systems and. wherein the inlets to said first chambers are interconnected and connected to the outlet of an immediately preceding second chamber, and wherein the lower ends of said first and second chambers are in substantially the same horizontal plane such that said system can be freestanding. Preferably, the system may further comprise at least one pre-fiUer located in the inlet line before the first chamber, for remo ving any large materials from the fluid to be treated.

Preferably, the second chamber may comprise four tubes with an ultraviolet light in each tube-. The second chambers may be manufactured in different diameters to accommodate different numbers of and different sizes of the ultraviolet lights and the. tubes they are mounted in.

Preferably, the first and second chambers may comprise chambers of varying diameter from the top of the chamber to the bottom of the chamber, or alternatively have variations where smaller chamber pipes are located and mounted above larger pipes below which create additional capacity and allow the fluids or gases a longer processing time in the system thus allowing for a larger flow of substances to be cleaned and purified or destroyed.

Preferably, the system may farther comprise a U-shaped bend or trap to retain a level of water or Quid in the waste outlet to prevent any ozone gas leaking into the waste drain.

Preferably, the first and second chambers may be vertical or semi-vertical elongated chambers. The system may he formed as a symmetrical unit with first and second chambers formed of vertical elongated chambers which decrease in length or height starting at the outer sides of the system and decreasing in height or length until the middle first chamber is reached.

Preferably, the system may comprise a plurality of first and second, chambers and a plurality of ozone generators placed around the system such that the system forms the shape of a C or T.

Preferably, the first chambers may be operating as extreme advanced oxidation delivery units, an ozone gas delivery tube delivers ozone gas to an ozone spray delivery unit located within the first chambers.

Preferably, the ozone produced may be either pure ozone or a high level of ozone in the bubbles rising upwards against the water streams and passing ultraviolet lights of 253 nanometres or similar light waves will create extreme advance oxidation capable of breaking down heavy metals, chlorines, chemicals, and organics.

Preferably, ultraviolet lights of different wavelengths may be installed in either first or second chambers and are selected from an one or more of UVA, UVB or UYC wavelength lights, wavelengths of light not previously used in the treatment of fluids such that the oxidation is possible for substances which have not previously been oxidised.

Preferably, a combination of different wavelength lamps may be used in the ozone chambers to produce ozone gas.

Preferably, any one or more second chambers with fluids without bubbles passing the at least one ultraviolet light of wavelength approximately 253 nanometres or similar may be used in the system to perform advance oxidation of the fluid..

Preferably, the ozone used in the system may be nitric, acid free however, the used of cold corona discharge maybe used as nitric acid will be automatically removed in the fractionation process.

Preferably, an extreme advance oxidation process may occur in each and every first chamber or only in selected chambers depending on the reactions required.

Preferably, ozone gas may be produced by passing air over a 180 nanometre ultraviolet light to produce ozone ((¼) can be generated and likewise when breaking ozone back to <¾ with the use of 253 nanometre ultraviolet lamp additional oxygen can be created.

Preferably, the fluid system may have been designed to operate in weighted, weightless and reduced weight environments. .In a weightless environment restricting valves are fitted to an exhaust outlet of the chambers containing fluids to force the fluids, to remain, within the chamber because of the pressures of the gases or air being added will in the weightless environment stop the fluids from going out through the exhaust veals -and force them to continue into the following chambers.

Preferably, by addin ozone gas to the air blower or pump through an absorbent material may generate a higher level of oxygen as the ozone gas breaks back into i¾. The absorbent material is a zeolite.

Preferably, the system may further comprise any one or more of means for ionising, a chlorinator, or applying electrical pulses to the flirid flowing through said system. The placement of chlorinates and ultraviolet lights in chambers may cause differing reaction's within the chambers for the removal of metals from the water.

Preferably, the system may include means for processing waste from said apparatus, said, processing means including a waste chamber having an inlet for receiving said waste, a vacuum or suction pump connected to said waste chamber, at least one ultraviolet light source in said chamber for destroying gas in said waste chamber and an outlet from said chamber. The system further includes a fluid trap associated with said outlet for preventing gases passing through said outlet

Preferably, the UV light .generator used for the production of Ό one gas may be constructed as a modular unit which is easily removed and easily modified to suit the specific requirements of the particular treatment system.

Preferably, with the present system, it may be possible to have ozonation, fractionation, chlormation, extreme advance oxidation and ionization, all. reacting in the same chamber at the same time if required, or a iter natively any combination of the above as variation to create different reactions whenever required.

Preferably, by varying the setup or the components within the system, the pH level may be raised or lowered as required.

Preferably, all chambers may be advance oxidation chambers. During the process of advance oxidation and extreme advance oxidation, the molecular structure of chemicals and metals including heavy metals may be broken down into their respective elements. The elements may be reformed by adjusting the ozone levels and the amount of advance oxidation including extreme advance oxidation along with, positive and. negative charges within the system.

Preferably, the level of radiation may be reduced in heavy water such as the water created from nuclear reactors, by the breaking down the minerals within the water. Air and gas discharged from a nuclear facility may be processed through the fluid treatment system and have the radiation, level reduced by passing such air or gases through the pure ozonation, advance oxidation and extreme advance oxidation of such air and gases.

Preferably, when a .fluid includes ammonia in the solution or as a fluid may be reduced or removed or destroyed by passing through a chamber as spray through chlorination chambers which along with residual gases neutralize the ammonia or any other substances of this nature.

In accordance with a further aspect, the present invention may provide a fluid treatment system for use in recovering metals and minerals from, water using the system in accordance with the first aspect and further comprising using an exhaust valve to create a back pressure in the first chamber to limit the amount of overflowing bubbles of ozone containing the minerals and/or chemicals. Heavier metals like cadmium, cobalt, copper, gold, nickel, titanium, and various other difficult to breakdown metals and minerals may be recovered in the foam or babbles produced at the top of the -first chambers and is collected by the exhaust outlets in a concentrated form.

Preferably, by fractionating with ozone or other suitable gases the froth or bubbles exiting the exhaust or waste system to remove copper and silver ma also remove gold and other precious metals and when placed in a cylinder or tank or similar system the precious metals will settle to the bottom for easy removal. While fractionating with high levels of ozone gas, a length of steel wool or similar may he used to provide a positive charge in the chambers which will collect copper, silver, and even gold from metal, water or sea water. By suspending rods of iron or various other materials in. a positive or negative charged chamber, other reactions may be created, especially with extreme advance oxidation and chlorination.

in accordance with a still further aspect, the present invention provides a fluid treatment system for a desalination, process using the system of any one of the features of the first aspect, wherein desalination is achieved using a combination of any one or more of ozonation, ultraviolet treatment, advance oxidation and extreme advance oxidation along with chlorination to produce fresh water, chlorine gas, hydrogen, oxygen and various metals which, occur in se water will either breakdown in the process or can be exhausted as usable fuel.

Preferably, the fuel removed may be dried and compressed to 15 psi or above to expedite and improve combustion, of the resultant fuel. The exhaust gases produced from burning the fuel may foe neutralized by cooling and passing it through an advance oxidation chamber consisting of ozone and. combined with ultraviolet lights of 253 nanometres or similar; the destruction or neutralizing of the exhaust gas occur alter multiple passes through differing chambers and by varying the ozonation and ultraviolet treatment to produce an advance oxidation neutralization.

Preferably, when, chlorine is created by the chiorinato using saline water with a sodium chloride content passin up or through the chambers and when it can be released by allowing the bubbles to rise and allow the manifold or by then passing into extreme advance oxidation chambers the chlorine may be destroyed there for removing salt by removing the chiorme gas that originated from the sodium, chloride.

Preferably, by increasing the ozone levels entering the sea or saltwater in a bubble or foaming action and adding powerful ultra violet bulbs of -varying wavelengths of light and allowing: ozone levels to increase, such that the removal or partial oxidation of gold and other precious metals will result. In accordance with a still further aspect, the present invention provides a fluid treatment system for use in the destruction of viruses, bacteria including odours from water using any one of the features of the first aspect,, wherein the destruction is instantaneous and with, the use of other ultraviolet lights the complete destruction, of ozone will occur and allow dean fresh air to exit the system, thus, restoring the oxygen levels to 20.9% or higher or lower depending on the type- of materials recovered in the system.

Preferably, the system may further comprise applying extreme levels of sound waves of certain frequencies will result in the destruction of bacteria and viruses. The sound waves along with the combination of a high level of vibration may assist in the destruction of viruses and bacteria and also assists in the clarification of any fluids and gases. The vibration may be applied within tire elongate chambers through the sides or the center of the chambers or both.

In accordance with a still, further aspect, the present, invention provides a method of treating, water containing heavy metals or chemical matter, the method comprising the steps of: providing at least one first chamber with means for introducing ozone gas and an ultraviolet disinfecting- lamp, such that water to be treated is passed through an inlet at the upper end of the first chamber and an outlet at a lower end of the first chamber; bubbling ozone gas heated by the ultraviolet lamp flowing upwardly through the water to be treated, in. the first chamber, the water to be treated flowing downwardly through the first chamber to the outlet; providing at least one second chamber with at least one ultraviolet disinfecting lamp for treating fluid flowing from a lower end to an upper end of the second chamber; connecting- the first and second chambers such that the inlet to the .first chamber is higher than the outlet of the second chamber so that fluid flows ravitationally through the system.

The present invention pro vides more than one preferred aspect. Provided in one aspect, is a heavy metal and chemical destructor system which comprises at 'least one upright first treatment chamber and an inle to al low the fluid to be treated normally at the upper end of the first chamber, an outlet at the lower end of the chamber so the fluid can be transferred into the a least one second, chamber which has an inlet at the lower end and an output at the upper end for transfer to the next first chamber. However, in the case of gases or polluted air, the flow is in the same chamber of being the reverse of the fluid flow, in the case of gases or air, it may also be in the same direction of the wat er in the download no if required. Fractionated fluids or gases may be removed at the upper end of the chamber through an exhaust or waste pipe which may have a controlling valve which may be turned off or left partially open so as to create back pressures for said gases or fluids which will be required in normal operation or in the case of a weightless environment such as outer space, the back pressure created will contain the fluids which will now be weightless.

These fluids may be sterilised using ozone, and .multiple wavelength of ultraviolet light if required. This ozone bubbles rises to meet wavelengths of UV such as 253 nanometres or similar light waves to create a new form of advance oxidation called extreme advance oxidation . When viewed through ultraviolet lenses, the effect, i like looking at a thousand lighting strikes per second and almost appears that the chambers is on fire without producing any external heat. The UV bulbs maybe mounted to the top or part of the way down in expanded chambers of the embodiment.

The effects of the extreme advance oxidation, are to break down the molecules of chemicals and in a molecular way destroy heavy metals and in some cases oxidixe certain metals in a very efficient way. Some metals such as copper may be removed at the upper exhaust tube or waste by ozone fractionation with the use of bubbles of ozone or air whichever is preferable for the particular embodiment. Elements such as copper will typically drop out of the solution and accumulate at the bottom of any vessels which is then collectible for reuse.

As multiple chambers can be used, a standard embodiment will need to be mounted on a level surface however embodiments such as the zigzag are designed so as to be mounted in such a way that even rolling motion such as at sea will not affect the embodiments function, m a zigz format, the fluid or gases must pass through each chamber.

The various embodiments 'may be of decreasing height or length, a level embodiment or an embodiment increasing in height for such as gases or polluted air for conversion back into clean air or redaction in pollution.

By changing the wavelength of ultraviolet light in bubbling or first chambers will create extreme advance oxidation and likewise alternating between just o¾one bubbling and ozone without bubbles with ultraviolet light in alternate or second chambers. The effects on minerals, chemicals and gases can be changed in an extreme manner. Many variations or reaction can be created by changing the positioning of the UV light and. also by changing the ultraviolet light wavelength in different chambers will cause different reactions. The use. of the ultraviolet in upwardly flowing chambers as compared to chamber with ozone bubbles being formed, provide a very different reaction as would one in a chamber holding residual oz e in fluid or air and the other chamber with ultraviolet .light meeting live ozone bubbles. Both have different effects on metals, chemicals, and fluids.

All. of the above reactions in the different embodiments have major destructive powers on viruses, bacteria, moulds, spores, protozoa, cyst, fungal pathogens, algae, fungus spores and moulds spores, yeast, the removal of biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD), natural or synthetic hormones, the ability to raise or lower pHin water, remove heavy metals by way of ozone o air fractionation and destroy heavy metals by way of molecular breakdown or oxidation. Heavy metals such as Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Cadmium, Mercury, Nickel, Platinum, Tellurium, Tin, Uranium, Vanadium and Lead along with other metals such as Cesium, Francium, Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium., Barium, Radium, Aluminum, Gallium, Indium, Thallium, Lead, Bismuth, Ununiriu , Flevorrum, Ummpemiurn, Livermorium, Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, and Chromium, and others.

in relation to chemical breakdown or destruction, poisons such as cyanide are easily destroyed. The breakdown of chemical molecules and oxidation has a devastating effect, on almost any chemical or poison. By passing such chemicals through multiple chambers with different reactions, partial or complete removal of such toxins will occur.

'Radioactive water or heav water from nuclear power stations or nuclear facilities can be treated with varying forms of these embodiments. The destruction of th metals of the radioactive particles within, the water which are primary metals of varying types should be destroyed within these embodiments by varying the settings to suits the purpose. Heavy water should be turned to light water with vastly lower levels of radiation.

The embodiment variations that can be created by changing the settings and with the inclusion of ozone fractionation combined with chlortnaiion, advance oxidation has the ability to breakdown the elements into chlorine gas and hydrogen sulphide which is extracted through the exhaust or waste discharge pipe tor collection, and reuse as fuel. Other elements are then oxidized and/or molecularly dissipated thus leaving fresh germ free water in any portion depending on the size and structure of the embodiment and also, providing fresh drinking water. No sodium as a physical form is produce in ibis process.

The combination of ozone .fractionation and extreme advance oxidation, advance oxidation, chlorina&on and ionizatio along with ultraviolet wavelengths can all be combined in one embodiment. The ability to switch between active and «on- active can change the reaction within the embodiment at. the turn of the switch. The gases created may he dried, compressed to a suitable pressure, for burning, for the production of steam or airy other requirement as required.

Any gases produced or as a by-product of the burning of these gases can be redirected through the embodiment with or without water to neutralize any toxic or any pollution in any substance.

Within the embodiment, carbon dioxide can be passed into chambers containing pure ozone then passed into 253 nanometre ultraviolet light to be broken back to oxygen (02) and then into ozone (03) and back into multiple chambers of ultraviolet at 253 nanometres. This process may produce oxygen ((¾) capable of being rebreaihed or reused for other purposes or continues use of air from carbon dioxide to oxygen.

The apparatus o the present invention is particularly suited for treatment of grey water, drinking water, swimming pool water, and water from aquaeuliure systems, sewerage water, and other contaminated water such as water from vehicle washing stations which contain soap and detergent and. water containing dyes and other contaminants or colourants.

Within this system by using the varying wavelengths of light, carbon dioxide can be converted back to oxygen for reuse or to improve the level of oxygen by creating ozone and then with the use of a different wavelengths of ultraviolet light break, the ozone (<¾) back to ((¼) or oxygen.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRA WINGS

Reference will now be a made to the accompanying drawings which illustrate various preferred embodiments of the invention. The embodiments have been described with reference to the treatment of contaminated water using, ozone enriched air as the sterilising, agent however it will be appreciated that the apparatus may be used for -treatment of other liquids and. gases with ozone or other sterilrang agents. It is to be understood therefore that the following description of the preferred embodiments is not to he considered as limiting the scope f the invention. In the drawing: Fig. I shows an isometric view of the output end of a straight system -viewed from the front, this system is a straight line system in accordance with a first embodiment, of the present invention;

Fig. 2 shows an isometric view from the input end at the back of the system of Fig. 1 ;

Fig. 3 shows a top view of the straight four systems designed to take up limited space as shown, in Fig.1 ;

Fig. 4 shows an end view of the discharge end of the system of Fig, 1 *

Fig. 5 shows the back or side placed toward a wall or support, showing all six ozone generators of Fig.1 ;

Fig. 6 show a front view of the four system showing the clear windows of the two ozone fractionation and extreme advance oxidation chambers of Fig. 1 ;

Fig. 7 shows a top view of a six chambered, system that works in a zigzag pattern in accordance with a second embodiment of me present invention:

Fig. 8 shows a front or ou tlet view of the srigssag system, of Fig. 7;

Fig. 9 shows an isometric view of the outlet or processed end of the zigzag format, of Fig 7;

Fig. 10 illustrates an isometric view of the inlet or untreated end of Fig 7;

Fig. .1 1 shows the left or front view clearly showing the ozone generators inlet and. outlet of the compact zigzag design of Fig 7;

Fig. 1.2 shows the rear or .right side of the zigzag system of Fig 7;

Fig. 13 illustrates a top view of a zigzag system consisting of ten processing chambers in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 14 shows rear view or -inlet end clearly seen is the differing size pipe or tube of Fig 13;

Fig. 1 illustrates an isometric view of the -zigzag machine of Fig 13;

Fig. 16 shows an isometric view illustrating the two double races of ozone generators of Fig 13;

Fig. i 7 illustrates a left .side profile of a ten chamber zigzag chambers of Fig 13; Fig. 18 shows the right side of zigzag machine .noting the compact nature to save on installation space of Fig 13:

Fig. 19 shows a lop view of a system of two pipe chambers of differing sizes but with a more compact design than that of Fig 13 and in accordance with a fourth embodiment of the present invention; Fig. 20 shows the front view of two pipe sizes in a ten zigzag system clearly showing the ozone deli very tubes of Fig 1 ;

Fig. 21 shown is a top view of a compact fifteen system, the system, has ten fraction, chambers and five ultra violet chambers in accordance with a fifth, embodiment of the present invention;

Fig, 22 illustrates the outlet end of the fifteen system of Fig 21. :

Fig. 23 shows an isometric view of a compact fifteen system showing the discharge end and the multiple ozone generators of Fig 21 ;

Fig. 24 illustrates an isometric view of the input end of the system of Fig 21; Fig. 25 shows a from profile of a twenty-one chamber system illustrating, the extended height of the viewing section in accordance with, a sixth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig, 26 shows a left hand side profile of the outlet of Fig 25;

Fig. 27 illustrates a right side view of Fig 25 showin a row of cWormators or iotiiatation units;

Fig. 28 shows a top view of a twenty-one tube system of Fig 25 showin piping through two filters then into the input end For processing;

Fig. 29 shows a system viewed from above la accordance with a seventh embodiment of the present invention and showing in the centre of the system ultra violet units in sets of four;

Fig. 30 showing the discharge end of the variable sized tubes of Fig 29, the outside of the system has larger pipe sizes at the base to allow for mitltiplechamber primary extreme advanced oxidation;

Fig. 31 illustrates a top view which shows large diameter pipe at the base and a longer thinner pipe at the upper section also shown on the rows in accordance with a eighth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig, 3.2 illustrates a base or bottom view of the system of Fig 3.1;

Fig. 33 shows a left side view of the system of Fig 3.1 ;

Fig. 34 shows the right side of the system of Fig 31;

Fig. 35 shows an isometric profile view of the input end of a fifteen system multi-sized, tube clearly showing the multi-rows of ozone ultra violet generators in accordance with Fig, 31 ;

Fig, 36 shows a top view of a thirty five chambered system in accordance with a ninth embodiment of (he present, invention: Fig. 37 illustrates the front or discharge end of the system of Fig 36;

Fig. 38 illustrates a side view of the system of Fig 36;

Fig. 39 shows an isometric view of a the system of Fig 36;

Fig. 40 shows a top view of a non-compact twenty-eight chamber system with vertical cylinders spaced and joined a the base add above with cross section distribution pipes in accordance with a tenth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 41 shows the front or discharge end of vertical system of Fig 40;

Fig. 4 shows an isometric view of a six chamber system which has four o on ffaciioaaiors and two ultra violet tubes in accordaace with a eleventh embodiment of the present invention

Fig. 43 shows the top view of a six chamber system clearly showing the four ozone fractionation tubes with exhaust pointing outwards of the system of Fig 42;

Fig, 44 shows a front view or discharge end of a nine split chamber system in accordance with a twelfth embodiment of the present, in vention;

Fig. 45 shows an isometric view of the system of Fig 44;

Fig. 46 shows a side view of a twelve split chamber system in accordance with a thirteenth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 47 shows an isometric view of the system of Fig 46;

Fig, 48 illustrates a top view of a fifteen straight chamber compact system clearly showing the vertical pipes which remain the same diameter from top to die base in accordance with, a fourteenth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 49 shows front view of the split fifteen chamber compact system of Fig 48;

Fig. 50 shows top view of a compact twenty one chamber system in accordance with a fifteenth embodiment of the present invention.;

Fig, 51 shows a side view of the twenty-one chamber system of Fig 50;

Fig. 52 illustrates an isometric view of a system which, shows th input end with variable sized pipes or drain chambers in accordance with a sixteenth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 53 shows a top view of a ihiity-five chamber system in accordance with a seventeenth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 54 shows the front view of the thirty-five chamber system of Fig 53;

Fig. 55 shows an isometric view of the thirty-five chamber system of Fig 53;

Fig, 56 shows a top view of a T-sysiem accordance with an eighteenth embodiment of the present invention; Fig. 57 illustrates the bottom or base of the T system of Fig 56;

Fig. 58 shows the front view of the T-shaped system of Fig 56 where the racks of ozone generators can be seen in a system;

Fig. 59 shows a rear or back view illustrating th ozon generation of Fig 56; Fig. 60 illustrates an end view of the system of Fi 56;

Fig, 61 ijlostrates the top view of a the system of Fig 56;

Fig. 62 illustrates a view of the base of the system of Fig 56:

Fig. 63 shows an isometric view of the C unit inlet of Fig 56;

Fig. 64 illustrates an. overhead view of a system in accordance with a nineteenth embodiment of the present mvention;

Fig. 65 shows a view of the base or under side of the system of Fig 64;

Fig. 6 shows an isometric view all portions of the system of Fig 64;

Fig. 67 shows an ozone generator which can be used to blow air or oxygen into a manifold of a system for use with any of die embodiments described;

Fig. 68 shows an isometric view of the ittlef distribution of air or oxygen in Fig

67;

Fig. 69 shows an. isometric view of an independent ozone producing system for use with any of the embodiments of the present invention, which is used to blow or pump air through a m ss ibid;

Fig. 70 shows an isometric view of an independent ozone producing system which is used by the system in revers of Fig 69 wherein this system sacks or pulls air into the system;

Fig. 71 shows an. overhead, view of a system with horizontal mounted o .one generators in accordance with a twentieth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 72 shows an end view of the system of Fig 71 ;

Fig. 73 shows a mauiibld system joining all or .parts of the o¾one delivery system of Fi g 1;

Fig. 74 shows ozone generators in. a horizontal, format for ease of access and increased n umbers for use in the system of Fig 71 ;

Figs. 75 to 78 show different views of mini ozone generators used, in the embodiments of the present invention;

Figs 79 and 80 show views of an independent ozone generator containing four generators and an air pomp in accordance with any embodiment of the present invention; IS

.Figs. 8.1 lo 89 show different length and mounting locations for a c orinator for use in embodiments of the present invention;

Fig. 90 shows an extreme advanced oxidation, delivery tube to carry the ozone gas to each spray distribution for use in embodiments of the present invention;

'Fig. 91 shows the ozone spray delivery system which is connected to the spray delivery bar of Fig 90;

Fig. 92 shows air being delivered to the ozone chamber and electrical wiring bein delivered to the ultraviolet bulb to power generation.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The following, description, given by way of example only, is described in order to provide a more precise understanding of the subject matter of a preferred embodiment or embodiments.

Referring to the drawings and firstly to the Figs. 1 to 6 showing an in-line fluid treatment system. Fluid enters the system via valve 23 into an expanded inlet elbow 7. The fluid then, enters an ozone chamber and it is this first ozone chamber which is bubbling with ozone bubbles which will rise. The rise of the bubbles will be- controlled by inlet valve 23. Bubbles can be seen through the clear view section, or window 1.7. The height of the ozone controlled bubbles can be set by adjusting the control flow valve 82 which controls the flow of the ozone gas to the air stone or vettturi unit or similar which creates the bubbles which bubble against the fluid flow passing in a downward direction. At t he top of chamber one is the fi rst ozone fractionation chamber 19 which has been designed to remove excess ozone and other gases and fluids via the exhaust discharge pipe 1. A hollow quartz tube 22 or similar is held or attached to a removable cap 15 located on top of the first chamber 20, The hollow quartz tube 2.2 extends longitudinally within the chamber 20. This tube 22 holds an ultraviolet light of 253 nanometres or similar. The quartz tube 22 keeps the ultraviolet lamp dry at all limes by keeping the ultraviolet lamp away from the water. The quartz tube 22 allows the light wave to heat the ozone bubbles and reflect around the chamber .19 which is not un-similar to a thousand lightning strikes a second bouncing or refracting around the chamber and removing ozone bubbles.

This is extreme advance oxidation, in action in the first chamber or advanced oxidation chamber 20. When water passes through the first chamber 20 and into the second ultraviolet chamber the system is now creating ultraviolet disinfecting as well as advance oxidation. This chamber has a cap 1.5 allowing or twin quartz tubes 22 housing ultraviolet lights. The water then passes into chamber number three or the second first chamber or advanced oxidation chamber 20. in this chamber which is an ozone bubbling chamber, the chamber may be configured tor either extreme advance oxidation or just pure ozone. The water flowing down through the ozone bubbles into the fourth chamber lor a second ultraviolet advance oxidation treatment. The treated water then flows out through pipe 8 via the outlet' valve 24. .Each chamber starting from' the first chamber to the fourth chamber reduces in. height or length such that chamber one is longer or higher than chamber four. This embodiment has been designed to sit against the wall or so object taking up as little space as possible.

This embodiment has six ozone generators 4 inline which allows three ozone generators per chamber of ozone generation. That is three ozone generators 4 for chamber one and three ozone generators for chamber three. However the numbers of ozone generators 4 may vary up or down depending on the requirements for the system. An air manifold 9 is used for the distribution of air or oxygen to the ozone generators 4 via air or oxygen distribution pipes 10 which are connected at or near the top of the ozone generator 4. A removable cap 6 is used to hold the ozone producing ultraviolet light, with, the cap 6 connected to the top of the ozone generator 4, Ozone product ion, and gas flow indicated b arrow 12 is achieved as air or oxygen passes over ozone producing ultraviolet tubes which may be produced or delivered from either end or from the middle or any practical point of entry in the ozone generator 4. Joining the ozone delivery pipe 5 and die flexible "hose 1 1 is a union joint 3 which caters- to the quick and easy installation of the system. Flexible hoses 11 deli ver ozone gas from the ozone generator to air stones or venturi units which are used to create the bubbles within the ozone gas.

This embodiment can be built to run on either end by simply adjusting the height of the chambers. Provided the inlet side is higher that the outlet side the system will operate correctly. Fig. 3 shows an overhead view of the embodiment while Fig. 4 shows an outlet end view of the embodiment. Fig 3 also shows a top view of the straight four system which has been designed to take up limited, space. The design can be reversed and enlarged to a. ten or twenty chamber system or larger or smaller is required. Fig. 5 shows a front view of the embodiment while Fig. 6 shows a 'back view of the embodiment. Also in Fig, 3 shows a union 3 for joining and coupling components of the modular design. Fig. 5 also shows a front view of the lour chamber systems easily seen are the clear windows 17 cm the two ozone fractionation chambers 19 and extreme advance oxidation chambers 20 and the two ultraviolet chambers. Also shown in Fig 5 are the clearly visible six ozone generator 4 and delivery pipe. Finally, at the base are the two distinctive housing .13 to separate drains.

Waste form each first chamber is taken from the foam or bubbles via the top of the exhaust/discharge pipe 1 from the ozone fractionation, chamber . The discharge pipe 1 removes excess ozone and chlorine gases alon with other gases and fluids including solids or oils. The outlet of the discharge pipe 1 is delivered to the horizontal exhaust discharge pipe 2.

In order to prevent ozone from leaking or draining from the system an ozone destruction chamber 1.6 which has an ultraviolet lamp housed within the chamber to purify any waste water which is destined for the drain via drain valve 18. The drain valve 18 also connects the drains of the first and second chambers via drain valves and separate manifolds 13 which also act to keep the reaction chambers separated. A water tuid gas outlet 14 is located at. the junction of one. end of the drain pipe and the ozone destruction chamber 16.

The normal function when processing water is the first tube uses the ozone gas as a fraction tube 19 whic removes dirt via bubble overflow. The second tube uses an ultraviolet light for disinfecting and the third tube is live ozone bubbles and ultraviolet light with a wavelength of 253 Nanometres. This creates extreme advanced oxidation in chamber three due to the use of pure ozone of a higher than normal level due to the absence of nitric acid in ultraviolet light, with singular or multiple configurations of lights.

Figures 7 to 12 show a second embodiment i which a six. system or six major chambers are arranged for a .zigzag flow .starting from the inlet pipe 7, Water flows from the inlet pipe 7 and then into the first chamber. The first chamber is an ozone- chamber and can also be configured as an extreme advance oxidation chamber. Water enters via 7 passes down through moos- bubbles rising: then after reaching the base of the first chamber 25 the water then flows into the bottom of ultraviolet chamber 26. The wafer then passes up through chamber 26 and then enters the top of the ozone fractionation chamber 25. In the zig-zag process the flow of water goes right then forward toward, the discharge end 8 then left then forward then right this pattern continues until the treated water is discharged from 8.

Water or fluids flow down through the chambers and across the ultraviolet lamps which are mounted n the hollow quartz tubes 22 mounted in the removable cap 15. The ozone babbles rise up from the base of the first chamber 25 to the top where any excess ozone or chlorine or other gases, solids and fluids can be removed by the ozone fractionater via the exhaust/discharge pipe 1. Water then proceeds to the next chamber 26 heading forward towards the outlet 8. This can be an oz ne tmctionatiou chamber or with the addition of an ultraviolet light can become ex reme advance oxidation chamber 25. The fluid will move down the chamber 25 through the bubbles to the base of the chamber 25 and then rises up into the ultraviolet chamber 26 opposite. When the water reaches the top of the ultraviolet chamber 26 and then flows forward into another ozonation or extreme advance oxidation chamber 25 passing down through the. rising bubbles and passed an ultraviolet light if so desired to be .fitted. Advance oxidation can be achieved by simply changing the cap 15 with correct .fitting to hold the quartz tube(s) 22 and ultraviolet iight(s). The fluid will then flow down to the base of the chamber 25. Any dirt or particles will attach to the froth of the bubbles and are passed out to the exhaust of the chambers 1 for discharge. When the fluid passes down through the base of the chamber 25 it will then move to the right side and rises up through the final ultravioiet cnaniber 26 before exiting the machme via pipe 8 and valve 24. Also shown to the left: of the system are the drain valves 18. Also the top of the ozone generator 6 can be seen. Also visible from this embodiment is the horizontal exhaust pipe 2which carries waste from tire machine. Each chamber drops to a lower level which is equivalent to the diameter of the pipe each time it moves to the next chamber.

This allows the fluid level to drop with each chamber and allows natural flow through the system. The arrows within the embodiment show the flow of the fluids from a top view perspective. Fig 8 shows an end. profile of the discharge end of the system. Also clearly seen here are the ozone generators 4 and air or oxygen distribution pipes 10 these pipes carry oxygen to the top of the ozone generator 6 which allows the oxygen to pass the ultraviolet tight of 253 Nanometres and converts the oxygen into Ozone 12. Exhaust or discharge pipe 1 and the clear view window 17 are also shown in Fig 8.

Figs 9 and 10 show isometric views of the second embodiment, inlet 7 and outlet 8 can be seen on both figures. This second embodiment shows the horizontal exhaust pipe 2 joined with the drain outlet connected to drain valve 18 and the waste discharge. Wafer proof cap 15 covers the electrical connections to the ultraviolet light. Air manifold 9 can be seen, this manifold 9 carries air or oxygen to the ozone generators 6. This air is generated with an air pump or compressor (not shown).

Figs 1 1. and 12 show a side profile of the z gzag- second embodiment. Clearly seen is the height of the inlet valve 23 and the outlet valve 24, The outlet valve 24 h located much lower than, the inlet valve 23, this shows the drop between the six chambers from inlet to outlet. Cteone delivery pipe 5 can also be seen. Hollow quartz tube 22 is also shown at the fop of the chamber 25. The ozone flow 2 in the ozone delivery' ipe 5 is indicated by the arrow on both systems. Union coupling 3 is used for quick change or fitting of any new parts or for removal and cleaning. This zigzag embodiment unlike other embodiments can be mounted in positions which, are not level and also positions which are constantly on the move. The positioning of zig-zag system w ll not affect the performance of this system.

Figs 13 to 18 show different views of the third embodiment with, input valve 23 and outlet valve 24. This embodimen is a. ten chamber zig-zag flow system which utilises pipes of smaller diameter located in the upper section of the chamber, joined with pipes of a larger diameter at the bottom of the chamber. This provides the ability to insert multiple ultraviolet lamps in the chambers. Like the first embodiment the system has both extreme advanced oxidation chambers and ultraviolet disinfecting chambers. In the chambers the ultraviolet tubes are housed in quartz tubes 22 or any suitable material which will allow light to penetrate. While this system consists o ten processing chambers the present invention, is not limited to an particular .number of chambers. The chambers may comprise equal or non-equal numbers of first and second chambers.

Also illustrated in .Figs 13 to 18 are the ozone generators 4 and ozone delivery pipe 5 which can be seen running along ai the top of the system. This zigzag system with expanded base chambers has a greater capacity for fluid .flows than a standard one size chamber. Fig 14 shows an end profile of the third embodimen t from the right hand side and Fig 15 illustrates a isometric view of multiple pipe size on the ¾ig-zag system with a coupling or union 3 which allows for the mac ne to be broken into sections for easy movement and transport.

Exhaust or discharge pipe 1 can be seen on both sides of the system. Ultraviolet chamber 45 and ozone fractionation chamber 44 can be seen in Fig 14. The arrow 1.2 indicates the ozone gas flow within the ozone generators 4. Within the zig-zag system fluids or gases flow through every chamber and thus allows this system to be mounted in moving vessels such as boats or planes as this embodiment can work when not in a level position. The larger diameter pipes are advantageous in holding larger volumes of water for longer treatment. These larger diameter pipes also allow fluids or gases to remain in the system longer and also allow for multiple air stones or venturi units to be mounted for better distribution of bubbles in the extreme advanced oxidation chambers or the ultraviolet tube chambers. Also shown in Fig 1.5 are arrows on the respective chambers showing the direction of fluid flow within the chambers.

Fig 16 shows an isometric view of the output end and shown are the double rows 36 of ozone generators 4. These double banks 36 of ozone generators 4 allow for additional production of larger quantities of ozone throughout the system. Figs 17 and 18 show side views of the third embodiment on reverse sides. Clearly seen are the input 23 and output valves 24 and the joining union 3. Exhaust chambers 1 on both sides of the embodiment can be clearly seen. The step down effect of the zig-zag svstem is also visible i these f iss.

Figure 19 shows a top view of the fourth embodiment this view shows a smaller diameter expansion chamber compared with Figs 13 to 1 and clearly show the valves 82 which controls the rate of ozone flow within the system. Each chamber may have multiple valves and flexible hoses in each chamber depending on the volume of the system. Fig 20 shows an end view of the embodiment which clearly shows the expansion chambers and also shows inlet valve 23 and drain valves 18. Fig .18 also shows the zig-zag machine which can be mounted in, a very compact nature to save installation space. Fi 18 also shows the o¾one or any other gas can be delivered very quickly into chambers especially as ozone has a very short life of only -minutes before it converts to 02 again.

Figs 21 to 24 show a fifteen chamber system in accordance with a -fifth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 21 shows a top view of a fifteen chamber compact system which comprises ten fraction chambers 44, five ultraviolet chambers 45 and can he configured to include ten extreme advanced oxidation, chambers 83 which are mounted on top of the ten ozone fractionation chambers 44. The five ultraviolet chambers 45 are also second and advanced oxidation chambers 20, also visible are the five drain valves 1 .

Fig 21 may be configured with a center row of advance oxidation chambers 20 with two external rows of extreme advance oxidation chambers 83. Fluid/gases distribution, or separation pipe 84 can be seen, these pipes distribute fluids or gases to the outside rows of chambers 83. The outside rows of chambers 83 may be configured as either ozone or extreme advance oxidation chambers. These chambers also act as fractionation chambers 44 with exhaust/discharge pipes 1 to remove dirt from the chambers 83. The waste may consist of oils or dirt or any other variants, which may be pumped out from the chamber. Also shown is a horizontal exhaust pipe 2 on both sides of the system which, may carry waste ozone and any .fluids or gases to any ozo e destruction chamber 1 which will break down the ozone gas and turn it into oxygen, arid at the same time the .systematic destruction of pathogens and viruses.

Fig 22 shows an output end view of the fifth embodiment with four rows of ozone generators 4. This embodiment works best on a level base. The step down effect, which allows for water flow is visible. The o .one delivery pipe 5 delivers ozone to the top of the chambers to air stones or ozone diffusers. Fig 22 also shows the air manifold 9 and air o oxygen distribution pipe 10. Figure 23 further illustrates an isometric view of the embodiment from the outlet end. Shown are the discharge end 8 and the multiple o*one generators 4. The horizontal exhaust pipe 2 passes via the ozone destruction chamber 16. Both sides of the exhaust pipe 2 are joined and. then pass a union 3 before exiting via the ozone destruction chamber 16. The destruction chamber 16 has an ultraviolet tube with a wave length of light to assist in ozone destruction usually 253 Nanometres, almost all waste is germ free or close to it.

Fig 24 shows the input end of the isometric view of the fifth embodiment which also shows the ozone gas .flow 12. Shown are the ozone delivery pipes 5 which rise to the top of the system and are then routed down 'between the center ro of advance oxidation, chambers 20 and the two external rows of extreme advance oxidation chambers 83 and finally to the discharge end.

Figs 25 to 28 shows a similar system to tha described above, however this system is a twenty-one chamber system in accordance with a sixth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 25 shows a front view of this system which, can be scaled larger or smaller depending on the requirement. It shows the output end 8 designed to work- in a weightless environment and with the addition of back pressure valves 37 fitted to the exhaust pipes 2 which carry gas and waste from the system. The valves 37 may be manually controlled or automatically controlled. These valves 37 by restricting the flow of gases will create back pressure which will hold water or fluid levels within the system to stop them flowing and going to waste. Fig 25 also shows the front profile of the twenty-one chamber system illustrating, the extended height of the viewing section or window 17. The window or viewing sec-lion 17 can vary in height according to requirements. The higher the height of the window 1 7 provides a better retention of the water or fluids and also assist in the removal of detergents etc. the additional height allows fluids more time to release themselves from the babbles thus removin more detergents and less .fluids.

Fig 26 shows a side view of the sixth embodiment showing the quartz tubes 22 housing the ultraviolet lamps in every second chamber; this effectively allows the additional build-up of ozone concentration within the fluids or gases befor extreme advance oxidation occurs. The back pressure valves 37 are shown more clearly in this embodiment The valves 37 may be partl closed for restriction of flow but in the case of purifying gases they may be fully closed. As above the clear view windows 17 are- shown in an extended size to allow for harder fractionation using additional pressure. The row of ozone generators 4 can also be seen along with ozone delivery pipe 5.

Fin 27 -shows another side view in a lamer scale showin." the extended clear view windows , onion 3 which allow .tor height reduction when shipping or transporting the system. Removable caps 38 which may contain additional cross section ultraviolet lamps or advance oxidation bulbs which will be housed in quartz or similar tubes. Alternatively, the row of caps 38 mounted above the union 3 may contain a row of chlorinators. Also visible in Fig 27 are the air manifolds 9, ozone generator 4. ozone delivery pipe 5, removable caps 15 located on the top of the chambers for housing the quartz tube 22 with the ultraviolet lamps, ozone destructor chamber 16 and the step down effect of the system is clearly visible.

Fig 28 shows an overhead view of the twenty-one chamber system of the sixth embodiment showing two pre-filters to remove solids from the water or fluids- before the input of the system. Clearly seen, are the drain valves 18 and a gas separation pip 85, The gas separation pipe 85 will be part of the embodiment when passing sea water or salt water through the system with chlorinators present within the system to create chlorine gas and hydrogen gas for the burnin as fuel. Ozone fraction chambers are on the left and right with ultraviolet lamp chambers or secondary advanced oxidation chambers in the centre.

Fig 29 shows an. overhead view of the expanded seventh embodiment showing four quartz tubes in a cap of each ultraviolet chamber in the centre of the system. This provides- large amounts of ultraviolet light to allow for an increased mount of boosted secondary advanced oxidation. The numbers of ultraviolet lamps can be varied to more or less dependent upon the requirements of the system. This embodiment also has variable size pipes 21 which can allow increased flow. The pipes or chambers 21 may have varying widths from the top of the ch amber to the bottom of the chamber and h ave been designed to enable ultraviolet lamps in both the top and bottom sections of the chamber. The present embodiment sad the boosted oxidation can also be achieved in the extreme advance oxidation chambers on. the outside of this system by simply changing the caps fitted to the top of the chambe and adding the appropriate wiring and ultraviolet lamps. Likewis the ultraviolet lamps 28 may be fitted with different wavelength, lamps to create different reactions in the chambers.

Fig 30 shows a front view of the expanded embodiment showing eight rows of ozone generators 4, this seventh embodiment allows for large flows of water or .fluids and gases. Flow valve 32 is a separation valve to remove ozone or other gases from the fluids or gases for reuse as fuel. The ϋ-bend 33 is used to retain a level of water or fluid in the waste outlet such that ozone gas is prevented from going into the waste materials.

Figs 31 to 35 show an eighth embodiment of a. fifteen chamber system in accordance with die present invention. Fig 31 shows an overhead view of the embodiment fitted with four quart?, tubes and ultraviolet lamps on all chambers through the top cap 39. The top view shows the large diameter pipe at the base and a longer thinner chamber at the upper section. The rows of chambers 25 on the left and right sides of the system are configured to create extreme advanced oxidation, (due to live ozone bubbles rising to meet the ultraviolet light). Th center row of chambers are configured, to produce ozone in solution without bubbles which create advanced oxidation 26. Due to the design of the larger diameter chambers ultraviolet tubes can be inserted through the larger diameter chambers as well as through the top caps 39. ft should also be noted that in this embodiment the centre row of chambers are inclined (not vertical) towards the outlet 8 of the system.

Fig 32 shows a bottom view of the fifteen chamber system, also showing ultraviolet lamps mounted in quart/, tube 1. in a horizontal position, at the base of the unit. The bottom view shows cross sections 43 which join the other tubes to the center tube. These tubes can be changed from an empty tube which may carry fluids or gases or can be fitted with single ultraviolet lamps or multiple ultraviolet lamps in quarts tubes or any tube- which allows ultraviolet light to penetrate. Alternatively the cap or lid can be changed to insert chiorinator 42 or an ionization unit, on the other end a drain vafe 18. Fig 32 also shows the base cross sections 40 which take the water from the outer chambers to the centre chambers. These cross sections 40 can be fitted with ultraviolet lamps m a quartz rube 41 or cWorirtaiors. Also shown in Fig 32 are the ozone fractionation chambers 44 and/or the extreme advanced oxidation chambers.

Fig 33 shows a side view of the fifteen, chambe system of the eighth embodiment. A U-bend 3 is located in the horizontal, waste/exhaust pipe 2. This U- hend will retain fluids to the level of the bend thus separating gases and forcing gases out of flow val ve 32. This will reduce back pressure as well as in some cases enable the reuse of gases. The quartz tube and ultraviolet lamp 41 is shown mounted in a horizontal position. Also shown mounted, in a horizontal position is the chlormator 42 and 43 shows a cross section for joining of the fluids for distribution into the chambers. The embodiment can he configured in different ways by changing the caps to vary the position of the chlorination and ultraviolet lamps.

Fig 34 shows the other side of the .fifteen chamber system, in this embodiment clearly visible is the upper cross section 4? allowing the water passing up chambers 45 and splitting into chambers 44 and to work down through the rising ozone bubbles 48 if it passes an. ultraviolet light of approximately 254 Nanometres in wavelength or (B) spectrum light it creates extreme advanced oxidation. Also shown in this figure are the twin ultraviolet lamps 88 or alternatively twin advance oxidation in the chambers.

Fig 35 shows the rear isometric view of the fifteen chamber system of the eighth embodiment showing the inlet valve 23 with gas outlet valve 32 and multiple advanced oxidation caps 39, Also shown are the multiple rows of ozone generators 4, The -multi - rows- of ozone ultra violet generations allow for the huge oxone production as well as any failures have very little impact on pure ozone, production. These ozone generators 4 may have single or multiple ultraviolet tubes. Also show are the numerou ozone delivery pipes to move the ozone to where it is needed m seconds* as ozone degenerates back to Oa in a matter of minutes. On the upper multiple cap or top 39, and below on the top of the larger tube 44 can be seen the extreme advanced oxidation tubes 25. This system also illustrates the multi-sized chambers available for the man different embodiments of the present- invention. Drain discharge 89 is shown, extending from the IJ-bend 33. Fig 35 also shows the cross cleaning sections 31 which ma be fitted with varying wavelengths of ultraviolet light.

Figs 36 to 39 show a thirty-five chamber system, in accordance with, a ninth embodiment of the present invention, in this embodiment three rows of chambers are inclined towards the outlet 8 of the system. Fig 36 shows the top view of the embodiment of a m lii -joint system showing two rows of advance oxidation and four rows of extreme advance oxidation and .fractionation. The top cross section distribution pipe 50 shows how the entire unit is joined at the top. This system comprises five stages of advanced oxidation, then joining pipe 50 tuns across all sections at the top allowing water to move freely sideways as well as in a forward direction. This multistage embodiment can be expanded to any width required. This is a fully integrated system and is not two systems joined together at the discharge end there are three outlets 8 and also 'three inlets 7 which cannot be seen on the illustration.

Fig 3 illustrates the front or discharge end of a thirty-fi ve chamber system. The base section distribution pipe 49 is shown going completely across the outside of the system. The base distribution pi pe 49 is used to assist in draining of the system by way of drain valve 18. The base distribution pipes 49 in principal allows fluid or gas to mix before proceeding up a flow pipe to the top cross section distribution, pipe 50 to be distributed to the joining pipes for downward processing as fluid or gas. Three outlet valves 8 are also shown in this embodiment. Two rows of ultraviolet, advance oxidation can be seen alon with the four rows of extreme advance oxidation. This system also has ozone fractionation which can be seen on this embodiment.

Fig 38 shows a side view of the thirty-five chamber system. The cross distribution pipe 50 is visible on all chamber rows a well as the lower cross section base distribution pipes 49. Also visible in this figure are the cross cleaning sections 30.

Fig 39 shows the isometric view of the thirty-five chamber system. The base distribution pipes 50 are shown with outlets , ozone generators 4, ozone destruction chamber 16 and drain, valves 18 all clearly visible. This system can be configured with. twenty ozone fraetiouators, ten. ultraviolet disinfecting chambers, twenty extreme advanced oxidation chambers and ten advanced oxidation chambers ail within one system.

Figs 40 and 41 show a twenty-eight chamber system in accordance with a tenth embodiment of the present invention. This system has been designed as a non-compact twenty-eight chamber system with vertical chambers spaced apart from one another. Fig 40 shows the overhead or lop view of the system which contains eight chambers of ultraviolet, advance oxidation and sixteen chambers of ultraviolet, ozonation, fractionation and extreme advance oxidation. The vertical spaced cylinders are joined at the base and above with cross section distribution pipes 49 and 50. This system takes up a larger footprint than other designs as shown in the distance between drain valves 38. This, system is ideal for chlorine in multiple chambers to be fitted to ultraviolet chambers with or without the tubes or smaller horizontal units in any or all chambers. This system can carry more ozone generators per tube than the compact slanting system.

Fig 4.1 shows the front view of the twenty-eight chamber .system of the tenth embodiment. Also, the outlet ultraviolet chambers are clearly shown along with fractionation, chambers 44. This Figure also shows the vertical system with three discharge pipes 8, base cross section distribution pipes 49 and the top cross section distribution pipes 50. Exhaust pipes I and the step up in each section of cross sections for How of fluids or gases. The higher it is between each section, the faster fluids flow through, the system and likewise the lower between each section the fluids will flow slower. The flow rates are also reliant on the input flow of the system.

Figs 42 and 43 sho a six chamber system in accordance with the eleventh embodiment of the present invention. Fig 42 shows the isometric view of the six chamber system with two ultraviolet chambers with advance oxidation 45, two extreme advance oxidation chambers 83 and two ozonation chambers. The outlet pipe 8 is mounted horizontally to the system In a sideways direction. The system has four ozone fractionators 44. The system can also be modified to have four extreme advanced oxidation chambers 83 by changing the top cap 15 and also two advanced oxidation chambers 45. All this is backed up by eight ozone generators 4 or as many as required.

Fig 43 shows an overhead, or to view of the same embodiment as fig 42 with the outlet 8 at the top of the drawing. Clearly shown are the four om fractionation tubes 44 with exhaust .1 pointing outwards, with two ultraviolet lamps mounted in the quartz tube 22 in the center. Also the ozone delivery pipe 5 can be seen with the waste- in exhaust pipe 2 and discharge or drain valves 1 8 and the flexible hose 1 1 to deliver ozone gas to the air stones or venturi units.

Figs 44 and 45 show a nine chamber system in accordance with a twelfth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 44 shows the front view or discharge end of a nine chamber system. This split system shows the effect of gravity on the system with the inlet 7 located above the outlet 8. The ozone distribution pipe 5, ozone generators 4, air manifold 9 and the waste drain valve 18 are all shown in tins figure. The system has three ozone fractionation tubes 44 on each side with three ultraviolet chambers 45 in the center. Also shown are the exhaust pipes carrying excess ozone, air. or other gases and fluid. This system has sixteen ozone generators 4 built into this machine. This number can be varied dependent upon the system requirements. The ozone generators 4 are formed in multiple racks 29 producing large amounts of ozone with a built in redundancy factor lor added safety.

Fig 45 shows the isometric view of the rear of the nine chamber system with exhaust pipes 1 , flexible hose .1 1 which, carries ozone through the air stones or ozone diffosers visible. The nine chamber system is fitted into cross section distribution pipes 50 with ultraviolet tubes and/or chlorinators for fresh and salt water chlormatiois 72 for producing chlorine gas from the salt or sea water or for disinfection. Ozone deliveries pipe 5 and the sixteen ozone generators 4 are also shown in Fig 45.

Figs 46 and 47 show a split twelve chamber system in accordance with a thirteenth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 46 shows the side view of the system with ozone delivery pipes 4, ozone destruction chamber 16, outlet pipe 8, outlet valve 24, cross section distribution pipes 4.9, ozone fractionation chamber 19 and advance oxidation chamber. I this embodiment three of the centre ultraviolet chambers 45 are inclined towards the outlet 8 with the final centre ultraviolet chamber 45 being vertical. Also located below the ozone generator caps 6 is the ozone generator cap and base waterproof section 53. Also, note the higher cylinder caps 15 covering extreme advanced oxidation chambers S ί on the second and fourth chamber on each side and cross section end caps with no ultraviolet or chlorination just caps for cleaning.

Fig 47 shows the isometric view of the discharge end 8 of the split twelve chamber system. Also shown are the ozone delivery pipe 5 the ozone generators 4 the exhaust pipe 2 exhaust drain pipe 1 and the drain valves 18. Also shown in this embodiment are the multiple racks 29 of the ozone producing generators 4.

Figs 48 and 49 show a -straight compact fifteen chamber system, in accordance with a fourteenth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 48 shows the top view of a fifteen chamber system .all vertical chambers with five ultraviolet advance oxidation chambers 86 in the center and ten ozone fractionation extreme advance oxidation chambers 44 on either side of the five ultraviolet advance oxidation chambers 86. AH chambers 44, 86 are the same diameter from top to the base 27, the top of the chambers have caps 1.5 showing. Also shown are the drain valves 18-, outlet. 24 and drain discharge 89 and ozone delivery pipes 5. Fi 49 shows a front view of the fifteen chamber compact system. The ozone generator tubes 4 and the ultraviolet chambers 45 which are also advanced oxidation chambers 86 along with extreme advanced oxidation chambers S3.

Figs 50 and Si show a compact twenty-one chamber system in accordance with a fifteenth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 50 shows a top view of the system showing seven drain valves 18, seven ultraviolet advance oxidation chambers 45 and fourteen extreme advance oxidation chambers 83. Each of the fourteen extreme advance oxidation chambers 83 have ail exhaust pipe 1. Along with all other systems the present invention can be used to clear air or gases and fluids. The flow valves 24 may be fitted to the outlets 8 and turned off this would allow the system to he used with fluids or air and of gases 14.

Fig 51 shows a side view of a twenty-one chamber system. Outlet valve 24, ozone destruction chamber 1 and drain valves 18 are ail visible. Also shown are the joining union 3 which, connects or joins, the section together allowing the height, of the equipment to be reduced for shipping or breaking the system into smaller sections for easy movement and then, re-joining the system for use. Also shown are the cross section distribution pipes 50, ozone distribution pipe 5 also the ozone generators cap 6 and base 53 can be seen.

Fig 52 shows a fifteen chamber system in accordance with a sixteenth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 52 is an isometric view which, shows the input end with variable sizes pipes or drain chambers which allow larger volumes of fluids or air to be processed either for germ destruction, chemical destruction, or heavy metals including toxic gases or oxygen renewal. Also illustrated here are ten extreme advance oxidation chambers 44, some of the chambers 44 have the cap 15 removed to show the quartz tube 22 which house the ultraviolet lamps. Also sown are the ozone- delivery pipe 5, as well as the horizontal exhaust pipe 2 and base cross section distribution pipe 49.

Figs 53 io 55 show a thirty-five chamber system in accordance with the seventeenth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 53 shows the top view of the thirty-five chamber system. This system consists of fifteen ultraviolet or advance oxidation chamber 45 and twenty ozone fractionation chambers or extreme advance oxidation 44. This system has three inlets for water or fluent flow and three outlets 8 with outlet val ves 24 for the fluid discharge. This system can also he used for gases by fitting exhaust back pressure valve to control the gas flow and also allow the equipment Co work in a weightless environment such as outer space. This system has thirty-five vertical or semi- vertical chambers. The outlets 8 show that the system can be extended length wise or side way to any size and still act as one system.

Fig 54 shows the front view of the system, which shows the cascading effect from back to front designed for natural flow or pressurized water flow. The three- outlets can be seen, along with drain valve 1.8 and. 'bottom cross section which joins all the chambers and allows for additional ultraviolet or chlorination reactions. This system is easily expanded depending on the .requirements for the system.

Fig 55 shows an isometric view of the thirty-five chamber system which illustrates the extra width, but still with only five drain valves 1 8 connecting to the horissontal exhaust pipe 2. Additional Ozone generator racks are located between the chambers. Also shown ta this .figure are the ultraviolet chambers 45, ozone delivery pipe 5, and the flexible hose 11 to deliver ozone to air stones or venturi units.

Figs 56 to 63 show a T-shaped system in accordance with an eighteenth embodiment of the present invention. Fig 56 shows the T shape system with Met 7 at opposing ends of the system and th outlet 24 can be seen at die bottom of the T. Also shown tubes (21) and (22) are clearly shown with single oltravioiet lamps mounted inside the tubes. Hollow quartz tube 21 houses an ultraviolet tube inside, which keeps the ultraviolet lamp dry. These tubes can be used for ultraviolet radiation or when combined with residual ozone to deliver .advanced, oxidation. Hollo quart* tube 22 houses an ultraviolet tube inside which when combined with live ozone babbles creates extreme advanced oxidation with levels of reaction never before recorded. The exhaust pipe 2 is also shown and the two inlets 7 that after working their way to the center of th T, they then join to work, their way out to the lower end of the T. This system can have varying sizes of pi pes so as to evenly control the flow of fluids and or gases. This system also has an outlet 59 for ozone air which is also a multiple ultraviolet cap which allows more ultraviolet lamps or advance oxidation reactions.

Fig 57 shows the underside of the T-shaped system. A number of drain valves 18 are shown along with the separate manifold 13 with drain valves to keep the reaction chamber separated..

Fig 58 shows front view of the T-shaped system showing the two outer inlet chambers on either side of the system. The two outside chambers are the tallest chambers with the outlet chamber in the middle of the system being the shortest chamber in the system. The system starts high, at the both ends then slowly drops to the center. Both inlet flows 7 are joined before passing through the bottom of the T for exit at the outlet 8. Also shown in Fig 58 are the multiple ozone generators 4, the ozone destruction chamber 1.6 and. ozone delivery pipe 5. Also shown are multiple unions 3 which have been described previously,

Fig 59 shows the rear o hack view of the T-shaped system. The drop of the outer chambers towards the center chamber is clearly shown in this figure. A clear view window 1 7 allows the operator to see the .height of the fluid or the bubbles between the fluids or the bubbles.

Fig 60 show one end view of the T-shaped- system including both the inlet 7 and outlet 8. Also shown are the ozone destruction chamber 16 which forms part of the drain outlet which carries both gases and fluids to the wastes. This also 'allows for further destruction of viruses and pathogens to be destroyed -so as to allow the waste to be purified.

Fig 61. shows the other end view of the T-shaped system. Shown is the air manifold 9 which delivers air and oxygen to the ozone generators 4 to create ozone for delivery to the system. Drain, valves 18 are located at the lower front of the unit, inlet 7 and the outlet 8 can also be seen.

Fig 62 shows isometric view of the T-shaped system showing inlets and outlets of fluids along with drain valve 18, ozone generators 4 and air manifold 9. Multiple use UV cap 59 are mounted in the central section of the system.

Fig 63 shows the T-shaped system in an isometric view from the rear shows ozone production along with the gas flow 12.

Figs 64 to 66 show a C or U-shaped system in accordance with a nineteenth embodiment of the present invention.

Fig 64 shows the top view of a U section of the system. The figure shows the single cap 39 and 'multiple ultraviolet ca 59 which allows for ultraviolet disinfecting or extreme advance oxidation 26. The caps 39, 59 may be changed .from single to double or to a plain cap 85. By changing the cap 39, 59. 85 of the system completely changes the reaction which can be achieved. Also shown is an overhead view of the exhaust outlets i which join with the exhaus waste pipe. Each drain valve IS is joined together with a pipe joining section 87,

Fig 65 shows the under bod view of the C-shaped system showing the connection between the horizontal exhaust pipe 2 and the drain valves 18, Fig 66 shows an. isometric view of the C-shaped system which shows four twin ultraviolet lamp caps 59,. the clear view window 17 which allows the user to se the bubbling ozone, four ultraviolet chambers 45 and ozone fractionation chamber 44 and/or extreme advance oxidation chambers depending on the -application.

Figs 6? and 68 show an ozone delivery system for use with any of the embodiments mentioned. Fig 67 shows the top view of an ozone deli very system with twenty ozone generators. The air or oxygen is pushed into the ozone generators 4 by an air blower or pump 56 for blowing, air or oxygen into the manifold which then passes up through and over I SO nanometre ultraviolet light creating ozone which can men exit via an exit valve 54 which, controls the ozone exiting the ozone generator 4. Control valve 58 will control the amount of ozone entering the ozone chamber. In an alternative arrangement the ultraviolet lamp may have a wavelength of 253 nanometres and ozone can then pass out through tire top outlets in the ozone generators 4. Typically the 253 nanometre wavelength ultraviolet lamps are used for clean air.

Fig 68 is the isometric view of the same ozone delivery system generator where air or oxygen is pumped into the bottom of the system. An air blower or pump 57 is used for pulling air or oxygen, in through valve 55, this valve controls the flow entering the ozone or ultraviolet chambers. These systems may be vertical or horizontal depending on requirements or degree of compaction required. This is the reverse of most ozone generating systems. This system may also be fitted with ultraviolet lamps of other wavelengths such as 253 nanometres for the disinfection of air to be applied into buildings, air conditioning and other places where purified air -is required.

Fig 69 shows the air being pulled into control inlet valve 55 and exiting by the air pump 60. This is another variation on the way ozone can be generated or the purification of air on normal ultraviolet bulbs. These systems for producing ozone have been designed as an independent ozone producing system which blows or pumps air through a manifold and up past ozone generator tubes of 180 nanometre or similar creating ozone and passing out of the exit control valves which by using piping or tubing can be directed for use or allowing it to pass out freely to purify air and germs. These tubes 4 may hold multiple ozone or ultraviolet tubes. Ultraviolet may also be used in varying the wavelength for differing effects.

Fig 70 shows air being pulled through control valve 55 and exiting via air pump or air blower , this may be a vacuum pump if required. .Figs '? ! to 74 show a nine chamber system in. accordance with a twentieth embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fi 71 the system comprises vertical chambers comprising three ultraviolet chambers 86 and six extreme advance oxidation chambers 44, The system differs from all previous systems in that the ozone generators 61 are ail horizontally mounted. Also shown are the ozone generator caps 6 mounted on the end of the horizontal ozone generator 6.1. Also shown in this figure are the clear tubes 1 that carry oxygen or air to the ozone generators 61.

Fig 72 is a front or discharge end. view of the nine chamber system showing horizontal ozone chambers 61 along with, clear view windows 17, discharge pipe 8, union coupling 3, ozone fractionation chamber or extreme advance oxidation chamber 44. It also shows vertical ultraviolet chamber 86. Horizontal exhaust pipe 2 is clearly visible. This pipe carries waste fluids or gases for discharge. Shown is how the racks of ozone generators 1 can be mounted five high or any number high this method increases the amount of ozone generators 61. thai can be mounted into small area and joined by manifolds for deli very.

Fi 73 show an isometric view of the nine chamber system, showing drain valve 18, showing the ozone production pipe 12 joining ozone delivery pipe 5 which, carries ozone to clear flexible tube 1 1. for the discharge or veniuri system which create bubbles for fractionation. This system has all vertical chambers,

Fig "4 is an isometric vie which features the horizontal ozone generators 61.

By mounting the horizontal ozone generator 61 horizontally allows more ozone generators. 61 to be amounted in a more compact way. This vertical system may have horizontal ultraviolet mounted on cross sections or chJortnators or combination of chlorinators and/or ionization electrode can be mounted..

Figs 75 to 80 show views of a portable ozone generator for use in any of the embodiments described In this invention. Fig 75 is an isometric view of a portable ozone generator consisting of two ozone generator units 4 fitted with a 180 or 253 nanometre producing ultraviolet bulb 74 or similar. This unit is driven by small air pump 65 with air entering the ozone generators 4 via a flexible or fixed line 70. Air entering into the top of the ozone genera tor 4 is then allowed to pass through the ozone producing bulb 74 and exiting via ozone distribution valve 64. Ballast 67 is used for the delivery of power to the ozone or ultraviolet bulbs 74. Mounting, plate 66 is shown which allows for the mounting and positioning of the fixture and fittings. The ozone storage and distribution manifold 63 and the ozone distribution valve 64 are mounted on the underside of the mounting plate 66.

Fig 76 shows a similar system to that described in Fig 75 with both, horizontal 66 and vertical 69 mounting plates. Electric switch 68 and ballast 67 are shown mounted on the vertical plate 69. The pump or blower 65 is used to push the air past the ozone generator tubes 4 and convert the oxygen into ozone. Both are mounted on the horizontal plate 66. The vertical plate 69 can also be referred to as the backing mounting plate 69.

Fig 77 shows the front vie and Fig 78 shows a side v iew of the portable ozone generator as shown in Fi 76. Caps 6 are mounted to the top of each ozone generator 4.

Fig 79 shows the isometric view of a small or portable independent ozone generator with four ozone generators 4 for use in any embodiment of the present invention. K shows the horizontal mounting plate 66, ozone discharge valve 64, air manifoid 9 with .flexible air or oxygen pipes 10, and ozone storage 63. This system can be used for making ozone for portable use such as in a hospital ward, operating theatre by simply changing the wavelength of the ozone tube 74 from 180 to 253 nanometres. This allows pure air to be pumped into any area requiring clean air.

Figs 79 and 80 show isometric views of opposite ends of the horizontal mounted four ozone generation system. Shown here are the twin ballasts 67. switch 68, ozone storage 63, ozone distribution valve 64, air pump or blower 65, ozone generators 4, and ozone generator caps 6. This system can be built with any number of ozone generators 4.

Figs 81 to 89 show a number of options available for chlorinators .for use in the different embodiments of the present invention.

Fig 81 shows full length chlorinators 72 mounted vertically in the vertical chambers. These chlorinators 72 can generate chlorine gas when 'water containing any amount of sodi um chloride is passed down through the system against bubbles of air or ozone or oxygen and hydrogen which will be rising and exit via exhaust discharge pipe 1 for collection, drying and compressing to be used as a fuel for the generation of steam and any other purpose it may be required for. Basically the full length chlorinator 72 when activated with salt water and ozone injection the sodium and chlorine are broken down mainly to glasses and removed by the bubbling process from the exhaust tubes, these may be any length and in any numbers required. The chlorinator 72 has positi ve and negative poles 71 for connection to a power source. Fi 82 shows the full length chlorinator 72 with positive and negative poles 71 and cap 73.

Fig 83 shows horizontal chiorinators 42 which can be built to any length depending upon, the amount of chlorine to be generated and the amount of voltage required. When added to advance oxidation, extreme advance oxidation, ozonation, and. chlorination are effective in turning salt water into fresh water but can also produce gases, remove heavy metals, biological agents, reduce biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, and fuel by way of explosive gases. The horizontal chiorinators 42 can be used in addition to the vertical chlorinator 72 or without the vertical chlorinator 72. A chlorinator holder and spacer 75 are used to direct the water flow through the chlorinator 42.

Fig 84 shows the horizontal chlorinator 44, 62 also shown are the holder and spacer 75 which keep the chlorinator in position and which can force the fluids and gases through the chiorinators 44, 62

Fig 85 shows the cross section distribution pipe 49 fitted, with a horizontal chlorinator 44, 62. This may be replaced with ultraviolet or ionization probes when different reactions are required. The ionization probe may be used in the formation of or separation into ions by heat, electrical discharge, radiation, or chemical reaetion. In this figure the chiorinators 44, 62 are exposed for visual effect only.

Fig 86 shows a vertical chlorinator 72 showing the positive and negative poles

71 and cap 73. The vertical chlorinato 72 is a medium length chlorinator shown located in line with a number of inlets.

Fig 87 shows the cap 73 with the positive and negative .poles 71 viewed from overhead.

Fig 88 shows the side profile of three horizontally mounted chiorinators 62,

Each cbloriaatof has a cap 73 which is used io seal around the positive and negative poles 71 to prevent any water leaks.

Fig 89 shows the side view of a short horizontal chlorinator 62 with the gas or fluid passing through. This chlorinator can be made in any shape required for the purpose.

Fig 90 shows an extreme advanced, oxidation delivery tube 76 used to carry the ozone gas to each distribution spray located down the sides of each cy linder combined with ultraviolet light to convert gases or air to a clean product. Also shown is thai the system may be even in height that is all vertical chambers are the same height. This delivery tube 76 is designed for gases and purification by pushing the gas in the down flow of gases begins with the uprising of polluted air or gases which may include any form of gases or polluted, air or by adding extreme advance oxidation and advance oxidation will creat extreme advance oxidation of gases and air without the use of fluid. The arrows indicate the flow of the gases. Ozone may be injected horizontally or vertically or both it may be blowing straight or swirled, it may have v rying wavelengths of ligh thai create new and different forms of advance oxidation. Also shown in. the embodiment are the ozone generators 4, ozone gas deliver spra bar 76. and the input valve. This system does not vary on height however it can be made to rise or fall in. any direction which is suitable for treating gas or air. This embodiment has no exhaust or waste pipe however they may be fitted similar to any other system providing back pressure valves 37 can be turned on or off depending on the requirement:. The extreme air advanced oxidation chambers 52 use ozone and ultraviolet lamps with a wavelength of 253 nanometre or similar to sterilize air and/or vessels or objects of any type.

Fig 91 shows the side profile of an ozone spray delivery system which can he connected to the spray delivery bar 76 so that ozone can be delivered in. an eve mist. The air inlet 77 is the entrance point 78 for the polluted air and gas including carbon dioxide (€'(¼)· The central ozone delivery pipe 80 blows ozone gas horizontally and is accompanied by ozone delivery nozzles 8 S. which blows ozone from side towards the center. .It can be accompanied by ultraviolet light 41 mounted on quartz tubes or expose without quartz tubes if the gases are dry. Clean air or gas outlet 79 shows gas or polluted substances direction after treatment. Fig 91 can be incorporated with multiple chambers, in any format, and in any of the previous systems. This process of advance oxidation of varying gases can be modified to produce Oj, 0~., O- and 0< . This also has the effect of reducing nitrogen in all forms. This extreme advance oxidation of air and gases can cam' many varying wavelength of light in one chamber.

Fig 92 is a straight run under ove embodiment to turn carbon dioxide to oxygen which can also be converted to any other embodiment if required. Fig 92 shows air being delivered to the ozone chamber and. electrical wiring being delivered to the ultraviolet bulb to power generation.

Many variations may be made to the operation of the fluid treatment system described in the above embodiments. For example the concentration of ozone introduced into the extreme advanced oxidation chambers may be varied. Further the system may have any combinations of extreme advanced oxidation units, ozone fractionation chambers, advance oxidation chambers and ultraviolet treatment chambers of the type described above. Hydrogen peroxi de may also be introduced as a gas into the treatment chambers. Alternatively or additionally, hydrogen peroxide may be introduced as a liquid prior to or during flow of fluid through the chambers. For ultraviolet sterilization, UV lamps which emit IJV light in the lower range, mid-range and upper- ranges may be used, that is of wa velengths in the range of 8 -28t>nm, 280- 3 I5nm and 315-400nni. Sterilization wavelengths are usually in the lower range.

Whilst the chambers of the -units are typically of a circular cross section, they may be of oilier cross sections. 'Various means for introducing the sterilizing gas to the extreme advanced oxidation chambers as described. Further in each of the above- described systems, ionization units or ehlorination units may be connected to or communicate with one or more of the chambers or with an other flow passage of the system for treatment of liquid flowing therein. Various combinations of the described waste bubble or foam removal means may be provided in any of the above embodiments as required.

The treatment chambers may be enlarged in cross section or may comprise a combination of enlarged and smaller diameter tubes to reduce or increase flow through the chambers and therefore increase exposure of the chambers to the -sterilizing agent and/or I'fV light.

in addition, the embodiments of fluid 'treatment system described above may be associated with additional filtering apparatus such as carbon filters' or screen or drum filters.

The above described systems are particularly useful for cleaning biologically toxic or non-degradahle materials such as aroma-tics, pesticides, petroleum constituents, and volatil organic compounds in waste water with contaminated materials converted to a large extent into stable inorganic compounds such as water, carbon dioxide and salts. When applied to contaminated water, the cleaned waste water may be used as required.

Whilst the above has been given by way of illustrative embodiments of the invention, all such variations and modifications thereto as. would be apparent to persons skilled in the art are deemed to fall within the broad scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims. PARTS LIST

I . Shows the top of the exhaust/discharge pipe which reraoves excess ozone and chlorine gases along with other gases and. fluids including solids or oils. These are deli vered to the horizontal exhaust discharge pipe 2.

2. Shows horizontal exhaust pipe which may have multiple curved exhaust fittings 1 .attached to it.

3. Union for joining fo uncoupling and cleaning or to change the pipe for larger or smaller exhaust pipe 2.

4. Ozone generators which creates ozone of pure nature.

5. Ozone delivery pipe for quick distribution to the fraction tubes or stones.

6. Ozone generator removable cap -which holds the ozone producing ultra violet, tube in place.

7. The inlet pipe for fluids car gases to enter the system

8. Fluid or gas exit after treatment..

9. Air manifold for distribution to ozone generators.

10. Air or oxygen distribution pipe to top of ozone generator

I I . Flexible hose to deliver ozone to air stone or venturi units.

12. Ozone production and gas flow achieved as air or oxygen passes over ozone producing ultraviolet tubes may be produced or delivered from either end or middle or any practical point of entry.

13. Separate manifolds with drain valves to keep the reaction chamber separate.

14. Water and gases outlet,

15. Cap or top of ultra violet chamber or ozone or advanced oxidation chambers.

16 , Ozone desf.ru etiou chamber .

17. Clear view window.

18, Drain valve.

I ). Ozone fractionation chamber.

20. Advanced oxidation chamber with live ozone bubbles fractionation rising.

21. Hollow quartz tube with ultra violet tube inside and can be used for ultraviolet radiation or when combined with residual ozone to deliver advanced oxidation.

22. Hollow quartz tube with ultra violet tube inside which when combined with live ozone bubbles creates extreme advanced oxidation,

23. Met valve controls flow to system this valve also controls rising speed of ozone bubbled within ozone chamber. 24. Outlet valve controls outflow and assists in controlling level of water passing through the system.

25. Multiple ultraviolet lights set in quartz: tubes to keep them dry and allow the ultra violet light to penetrate the fluids or gases. Multiple ultraviolet allow faster water flows and additional safety should one fail , also aids in more powerful advanced oxidation.

26. Ozone fractionation chamber with additional ultraviolet mounted lower which creates extreme advanced oxidation.

27. Shows chamber of varying widths from top to base with ultra violet in both top sections and base sections. Top sections may extend down to the bottom of the base sections.

28. Shows multiple ultra violet set in top any number can be mounted this way and of any wave length including A, B and C Nanometre of light or anythin above between or below.

29. Multiple racks of ozone producing generators, producing large amount of ozone with huge redundancy factor built in for safety.

30. Cross cleaning sections.

3 ί , Cross cleaning sections fitted with varying w ve lengths of ultra violet.

32. Flow val e for separating waste water and reusing any gases with ozone or chlorine for reuse as a fuel or disposal.

33. A ti-bend to retain a level of water or fluid in the waste outlet. This U bend prevents ozone going to waste.

34. Forward flowing pipe from ultra violet to ozone fractionation and advanced oxidation. Generally a height drop is evident to allow the water to gravity flow however; it can be forget through if desired.

35. Larger chambers which allow fluids or gases to remain in the system longer for additional processing.

36. Double or .multiple racks of ozone generators.

37. Back pressure valves which maybe manual or automatic.

38. Tops or caps with multiple ultra violet and/or advanced oxidation, in the center chambers.

39. Tops or caps single and multiple ultra violet meeting live ozone bubbles create extreme advanced oxidation. 40. Shows base cross section to take water from outer chambers to center chambers.

These cross sections can he fitted with ultraviolet in quart? tube or fitted with a chlo.riha.tor or ultraviolet in one and cMoriaatar in another..

41. Ultraviolet in quartz tube.

42. Horizontal chlormator or ionization

43. Cross section which allows outer and inner pipes or tubes to join together.

44. Ozone fractionation chamber / extreme advance oxidation chambers.

45. Ultra violet chamber.

46. Ozone or other gases taken for reuse.

47. Upper cross section.

48. Ozone or air bubbles rising.

49. Cross section distribution pipes are set at the base of the system and two, three or any number of vertical or semi vertical sections and allow water to flow between any sections and on the base for fluid or gas discharge.

50. Cross section distribution pipes or tubes at the top or close to the top which allow water or gas to flow between any number of vertical or any chamber which end higher than, the other.

5 i . Extreme advanced oxidation is live ozone bubbles carrying high or low levels of ozone meeting ultra violet light in either vertical or non-vertical chambers.

52. Extreme air advanced oxidation using ozone and ultraviolet. 253 Nanometre or similar to sterilize air and or vessels or objects of any type.

53. Ozone generator cap and base water proof sections.

54. Shows an exit valve to control ozone exiting the ozone generator.

55. Shows a valve to control the air being pulled into the ozone generator.

56. Shows an air blower or pump blowing air or oxygen into the manifold and up past the ozone creating ultra violet, lam then passing ozone out of valve 54 and piped or directed whenever it is required.

57. Shows an air blower or pump pulling air or oxygen in through valve 55 this val ve controls the flow entering the ozone or ultra violet chamber.

58. This valve controls the flow entering the ozon or ultra violet chambers.

59. Outlet for ozone air- Multiple ultraviolet cap to. allow more or Ultraviolet or advance oxidation reactions.

60. Pan or blower or air m .

61 . Horizontal ozone generators. 62. Horizontal chlorinators to assist in converting, chlorine from salt water to gases.

63. Ozone storage and distribution manifold,

64.. Ozone distribution valve.

65. Air pump or blower / air compressor.

66, Mounting plate.

67. .Ballast for ultra violet or ozone lubes.

68. Switch.

69. Backing mount plate.

70. Air delivery hose or ozone fixed or fixable.

7i . Positive and negative polls.

72. Chlorinator for making chlorine gas from salty or seawaler.

73. Chlorinator cap and ionization cap.

74. Ozone producing bulb of 180 Nanometres or similar inside,

75. ChSorinaior holder and spacer to direct the water flow throagh the chlorinator. 76. Ozone gas spray bar delivery tube can be connected at both ends if required,

77. Gas or polluted air inlet,

78. Gas or polluted substance direction.

79, Clean air or gas outlet.

80, Central ozone delivery pipe for central injection of o one.

81 , Ozone delivery nozzles.

82. Ozone valve, this valve controls the rate of ozone flow.

83. Extreme advance oxidation chambers.

84. Gas separation, pipes.

85. Ga Separation. Pipe,

86. Vertical ultra violet or advance oxidation chambers,

87. Pipe joining section.

88. Twin, ultra violet or twin, advance oxidation.

89. Drain discharge.

ADVANTAGES

The present invention has provided an improved fluid treatment system and method which is suited for treating liquids such as water for the purposes of purifying, cleaning or otherwise removing impurities or contaminants i the liquid. The Applicant has found that the invention is partioaiar!y good at removin salt or sodium chloride from salt water or turning sea water to fresh water capable of being consumed for human or animal use, or in other words passes drinking water standards. The arrangement of chambers capable of extreme advance oxidation, ultraviolet disinfecting and ozone fractionation cars provide for a number of different reactions in the chambers. The variation in wavelength of the ultraviolet light in combination with any of the above chambers have also provided surprising results in the field of purification,, cleaning or otherwise removing impurities or contaminants from a liquid.

The effects of the extreme advance oxidation are to break down the molecules of chemicals and in a molecular way destroy heavy metals and in some cases oxidise certain metals in a very efficient way. Some metals such as copper may be removed at the. upper exhaust tube or waste by ozone fractionation with the use of bubbles of ozone or air whichever is preferable for the particular embodiment. Elements such as copper will typically drop out of the solution and accumulate at the bottom of any vessels which is then collectible for reuse.

The present invention may also be applied to the treatment of gases for the purposes of purifying gases. The system can also be used to destroy most bacteria and a number of known viruses as well as having the ability to break down, and remove heavy metals and chemicals in various degrees. Furthermore the present invention has been designed to remove any organic compounds in the water or fluid such as cyanides, carbides and the like. The addition of detergents and other substances may be used to assist in. the removal of sodium, chlorides and. various other substances.

Another advantage identified is the recovery of metals and in particular that of precious metals. The arrangements of various chambers with the use of ozone bubbles and different ultraviolet wavelengths than those previously used has developed a system which is capable of recovering a variety of metals such as gold, sil ver, copper to name but a few.

VARIATIONS

it will be realized that the foregoing has been given by way of illustrative example only and that all other modifications and variations as would be apparent to persons skilled in the art are deemed to fall within the broad scope and ambit of the invention as herein set forth.

In the specification the term "comprising" shall be understood to have a broad meaning similar to the term "including" and will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated integer or ste or group of integers or steps but not the exclusion of any other integer or step or group of integers or steps. This definition, also applies to variations on the terra "comprising'" such as "comprise" and "comprises".

When, treating saltwater, a e lorinator can be used in. the cross sections at the top and at the base to turn the sodium chloride into gas thus removing salts and then exit the cMorine and hydrogen, gases for collection and use as a fuel to boil water and create steam and/or run engines or any appropriate use.

The ozonation process is a very powerful oxidant capable of oxidizing 200 to 300 times mote than chlorine. Disinfection is the destruction of water forms pathogens (bacteria, viruses, amoebic cysts) tor the sole purpose of preventing transmission of disease through water.

Claims

I . A fluid treatment system comprising:
a. series of interconnected upright elongated chambers, said series of chambers having at least one inlet to the system and at least one outlet from the system such that the inlet is located at a height h gher than the outlet of the series of chambers, the series comprising:
at least One first chamber comprising:
an inlet for fluid to be treated at an upper end of said first chamber;
an outlet from the "first chamber at a lower end of said first chamber such that fluid flows downwardly through said first chamber from said inlet to said outlet;
means for introducing ozone gas into a lower end of said first chamber for bubbling upwardly through liquid flowing downwardly through said first chamber: and
a tube extending 'longitudinally inside of the first chamber and housing a first ultraviolet light;
at least one second chamber comprising:
an inlet for fluid to be treated at a lower end of said second chamber;
an outlet from the second chamber at an upper end of said second chamber such that fluid flows upwardly through said second chamber from said inlet to said outlet; and
at least one tube extending longitudinally inside of the second chamber and housing a second ultraviolet light;
wherein the first and second chambers are connected such that fluid passes from the first chamber into the second chamber, and the outlet of said second chamber is located below th level of the input of the first chamber such that fluid flows gravitatioaaliy through the fluid treatment system.
2. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the means for introducing ozone bubbles into the lower end of the first chamber comprises:
at least one ozone generator connected to at least one longitudinally extending ozone chamber an air blower or pump for blowing air or oxygen into a manifold connected tohe ozone chamber;
an ozone control valve to control the flow of ozone gas; and
wherein the ozone generator uses <¼ or pure oxygen which is pushed through. the ozone generator to produce ozone which is pushed downwardly through the ozone chamber and into a bubble creating median! n the lower end of the first chamber such that the ozone bubbles will flow upwardly through the fluid flowing downwardly in the first chamber.
3. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the at least one ozone generator uses (¾ or pure oxygen which is pulled through an ozone generator to produce ozone gas.
4. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the at least one ozone generator is an. ultraviolet lamp generating ultraviolet radiation from said lamp being of a frequency to convert oxygen in said air into ozone.
5. A fluid treatment system as claimed n any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein the at least one ozone generator is an ultraviolet lamp operating at a wavelength around 253 nanometres.
6. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 5 wherein the at least one ozone chamber is vertically or horizontally mounted, in the system,
7. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the eight of the ozone controlled bubbles in. the first chamber is controlled by adjusting a control flow valve which controls the amount of ozone flowing through, the bubble creating medium.
8, A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 7, wherein the bubble creating medium is any one of an air stone or venturi unit or similar which creates the bubbles which bubble against the fluid flow passing in a downward direction within the first chamber.
9. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the control of the rise of the ozone bubbles is controlled by an inlet valve.
10. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein each first chamber has a clear view window located in an upper section of the first chamber, the window allows the ozone bubbles t be seen in the first chamber. I I . A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a means at the upper end of said first chamber for removing waste in said liquid conveyed by said bubbles upwardly through said chamber.
12, A .fluid treatment system as claimed in claim. I K wherein said means at the upper end of said chamber for removing waste comprises an inverted U-shaped trap and/or a vemuri unit.
13. A. fluid treatmen system as claimed in claim h wherein said tube extends substantially the length of the .first chamber and the tube protects the ul traviolet light from the fluid inside the first chamber.
14, A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said at least, one tube extends substantially the length of the second chamber and said tube protects the ultraviolet light from the fluid in me second chamber.
15. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 13 or claim 14, wherein the tube is manufactured from clear quart* or from any like material, the tube allows the light wave from the ultraviolet light to heat the ozone bubbles and be reflected around the chamber.
16. A .fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 15, wherein a reflective material is placed on the inside of the walls of the first or second chamber to improve the reflection of the ultraviolet light in the chamber,
17. A. fluid treatment, system as claimed in any one of claims 13 to 16 wherein the ultraviolet light extends longitudinally and substantially for the length of the tube.
18, A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 13 to 17, wherein the ultraviolet light has a wavelength of approximately 253 nano metres.
19, A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 13 to 1.8, further comprising an end cap which is releasably attached to the top of each chamber and in. which the tube is mounted, the end cap has an aperture though which the ultraviolet lamp is passed into the tube.
20. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 14 to 1 , wherein the second chamber comprises two tubes with ultraviolet lights extending longitudinally in each tube.
21. A fluid treatment system as claimed, in any one of the preced ing claims, wherein the first ultraviolet light or the means for introducing ozone bubbles is switched between active and non-active status to effectively change the oxidation process within the fust chamber.
22. A. 'fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the second ultraviolet light is switched between, active and non-active status to effectively change the sterilization process within the second chamber.
23. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein, the ozone generator is used to assist the gravitational flow of fluid through the system.
24. A 11 B d treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least some of said first chambers are of a successively decreasin height or length from aii inlet to said system to an outlet from said system,
25. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least some of said second chambers are of a successively decreasing height or length from an inlet to said system to an outlet from said system.
26. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 24 or claim 25, wherein said first chambers and second chambers are arranged in transverse rows and wherein the inlets to the 'first chambers are connected to an. inlet mixing manifold and wherein the outlets of said ilrsi chambers are connected to an outlet: mixing manifold, said outlet mixing manifold being connected to inlets to said second chambers via transfer passages.
27. A .fluid treatment system as claimed in claim i i or claim 1.2, wherein said waste removing means of each said first chamber is connected to one or more common waste pipes.
28, A. fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the lower ends of said first and second chambers are selectively conneeiable to one or more common drainage pipes or ducts via control valves to allow drainage of said first and second chambers.
29 , A fluid treatment system as cl aimed in any one of the previous claims, wherein the first and second chambers are located in. an in-line system with alternatin first and second chambers.
30. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 29, wherein die fluid treatment system comprises two first chambers and two second chambers arranged in a line.
31. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 30, wherein the fluid treatment system comprises a plurality of chambers.
3.2. A fluid treatment system as claimed In claim 30, wherein the plurality of chambers compri ses equal numbers of first and second chambers.
33. A flaid treatment system as claimed in claim 31 , wherein the plurality of chambers: comprises unequal numbers of first and second chambers.
34. A fluid treatment .system as claimed in claim 31, wherein the first chambers are set out in the system in a zig-zag pattern and likewise the second chambers are also set out in the system, in a zig-xag pattern.
35. A fluid treatment system as claimed in. any one of the preceding claims, further comprising' a plurality of said 'fluid treatment systems and wherein the inlets to said first chambers are interconnected and connected to the outlet of an immediately preceding second chamber, and wherein the .lower ends of said first and second chambers are in substantially the same horizontal plane such thai said system can be .freestanding.
36. A 'fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the. system further comprises at least one pre-filter located in the inlet line before the first chamber, for removing any large materials from the fluid to be treated.
37. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 14, wherein the second chamber comprises four tubes with an ultraviolet light in each tube.
38. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 37, wherein the second chambers are manufactured in different diameters to accommodate different numbers of and different sizes of the ultraviolet lights and the tubes they are mounted in.
39. A fluid treatment system as claimed, in. any one of the preceding claims, wherein the first and second chambers comprise chambers of varying diameter from the top of the chamber to the bottom of the chamber, or alternatively have variations, where smaller chamber pipes are located and mounted above larger pipes below which create additional capacity and allow the fluids or gases a longer processing time in the system thus allowing lor a larger flow of substances to be cleaned and purified or destroyed,
40. A .fluid treatment system a claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a U-shaped bend or trap to retain a level of water or fluid in the waste outlet to prevent any ozone gas leaking into the waste drain.
41. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the first and second chambers are vertical or semi-vertical elongated chambers.
42. A. fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the system is formed as a symmetrical unit with first and second chambers formed of vertical elongated chambers which decrease in length or height starting at the outer sides of the system and decreasing in height or length until the middle .first chamber is reached.
43. A 'fluid treatment system as claimed in my one of the preceding claims, wherein the system comprises a plurality of first and second chambers and a plurality of ozone generators placed arou nd the system such that the system forms the shape of a C or T.
44. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein. the first chambers are operating as extreme advanced oxidation delivery units, ail ozone gas delivery tube delivers ozone gas to an ozone spray delivery emit located within the first chambers.
45. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the ozone produced is either pure ozone or a high level of ozone in the bubbles rising upwards against the water streams and passing ultraviolet lights of 253 nanometres or similar light waves will create extreme advance oxidation capable of breaking down heavy 'metals, chlorines, chemicals, and organics.
46. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein ultraviolet lights of different wavelengths are installed in either first or second chambers and are selected from any one or more of UVA, UVB or UVC wavelength lights, wavelengths of light not previously used in die treatment of fluids such that the oxidation is possible for substances which have not previously been oxidised.
47. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 2. wherein a combination of different wavelength lamps are used in the ozone chambers to produce ozone gas, 48, A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein an one or more second chambers with fluids without bubbles passing the at. least one ultraviolet light of wavelength approximately 253 nanometres or similar are used in the system to perform advance oxidation, of the fluid.
49. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the ozone used in the system is nitric acid free however, the used of cold corona discharge maybe used as nitric acid will be automatically removed in the fractionation process.
50. A. fluid treatment system as claimed in an one of the preceding claims, wherein an extreme advance oxidation process can occur in each and every first chamber or only in selected chambers depending on the reactions required.
51. A fluid treatment system as claimed, in any one of the preceding claims, wherein ozone gas can be produced by passing air over a 180 nanometre ultraviolet light to produce ozone (Oj) can be generated and likewise when breaking ozone back to Ch with, the use of 253 nanometre ultraviolet lamp additional oxygen can be created.
52. A -fluid treatment system as claimed in my one of the preceding claims, wherein the fluid system has been designed to operate in weighted, weightless and reduced weight environments.
53. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 52, wherein in a weightless environment restricting valves are fitted to an exhaust outlet of the chambers containing
.fluids to force the fluids to remain within the chamber because of the pressures of the gases or air being added will in the weightless environment stop the fluids from going out through the exhaust vents and force them to continue into the following' chambers.
54. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 7, wherein by adding ozone gas to die air blower or pump through an absorbent material will generate a higher level of oxygen as the ozone gas breaks back into G2,
55. A fluid treatment system as claimed ia 'claim 54, wherein the absorbent material is a zeolite.
56. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the system further comprises any one or more of means for ionising, a chlorinator, or applying electrical pulses to the fluid flowing through said system.
57. A .fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 56, wherein the placement of chiorinators and ultraviolet lights in chambers can cause differing reactions within the chambers for the removal of metals from the water.
58. A fluid treatment system as claimed in. any one of the preceding claims and including means for processing waste from said apparatus, said processing means including a waste chamber having an inlet for receiving said waste, a vacuum or suction pump connected to said waste chamber, at least one ultraviolet light: source in said chamber for destroying gas in said waste chamber and an outlet from said, chamber, 59. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 58.. and further including a fluid trap associated with said outlet for preventing gases passing through said outlet
60. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the UV light generator used for the production of ozone gas is constructed as a modular unit which is easily removed and easily modified to suit the specific requirements of the particular treatment system.
61. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein within the present system it is possible to have ozonation, fractionation, chiorinaflon, extreme ad ance oxidation and ionization, ah reacting in the same chamber at the same time if required, or alternatively any combination of the above as variation, to create different reactions whenever required,
62. A fluid treatment system as claimed, in any one of the preceding claims, wherein by varying the setup or the components within the system, the pH level can be raised or lowered as required.
63. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein ail chambers are advance oxidation chambers.
64. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein during the process of advance oxidation and extreme advance oxidation, the molecular structure of chemicals and metals including heavy metals are broken down into their respect ve elements.
65. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 64, wherein the elements are reformed by adjusting the oxone levels and the amount of advance oxidation including extreme advance oxidation along with positive and negative charges within the system. 66. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the level of radiation is reduced in heavy water such as the water created from nuclear reactors by the breaking down the minerals within the water.
67, A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 66. wherein air and gas discharged from a nuclear facility are processed through the fluid treatment system and have the radiation, level reduced by passing such air or gases through the pure ozonation, advance oxidation and extreme advance oxidation of such air and gases.
68, A .fluid treatment system as claimed, in any one of the preceding claims, wherein when a fluid includes ammonia in the solution or as a fluid is reduced or removed or destroyed by passing through a chamber as spray through chlorinat on chambers which along with residual gases neutralize the ammonia or any other substances of this nature.
69, A fluid treatmen system for use in recovering metals and minerals from water using the system of any one of claims 1 to 68, and further comprising using as exhaust val ve to create a back pressure in the first chamber to limit the amount of overflowing bubbles of ozone containing the minerals and/or chemicals.
70. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 69, wherein heavier metals like cadmium, cobalt, copper, gold, nickel, titanium, and various other difficult to breakdown metals and minerals are recovered in the foam or bubbles produced at the top of the first chambers and is collected by the exhaust outlets in a concentrated form.
71 . A fluid treatment system as claimed in. claim 69 or claim 70. wherein by fractionating with ozone or other suitable gases the froth or bubbles exiting the exhaust or waste system to remove copper and silver, also remove gold and other precious metals and when placed in a cylinder or tank or similar system the precious metals will settle to the bottom for easy removal.
72. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 69 to 71 , wherein while "fractionating with high levels of ozone gas, a length of steel wool of similar is used to provide a positive charge in the chambers which will collect copper, silver, and even gold from metal, water or sea water.
73. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 69 to 72, wherein by suspending rods of iron or various other materials in a positive or negative charged chamber, other reactions are created, especially with extreme advance oxidation and chlorination.
74. A fluid treatment: system for a desalination process using the system of any one of claims 1 to 6'8, wherein desalination is achieved using a combination of any one or snore of ozonation, ultraviolet treatment, advance oxidation and extreme advance oxidation along with chloriaatiori to produce fresh, water, chlorine gas, hydrogen, oxygen and various metals which occur in sea water will either breakdown in the process or can be exhausted as usable fuel.
75, A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 74, wherein the fuel removed will be dried and compressed to 1.5 psi or above to expedite and improve combustion of the resultant fuel.
76. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 74 or claim 75, wherein the exhaust gases produced from, burning the .fuel can be neutralized by cooling and passing it through an advance oxidation chamber consisting of ozone and combined with ultraviolet lights of 253 nanometres or similar; the destruction or neutralizing of the exhaust gas occur after multiple passes through differing chambers and by varying the ozonation and ultraviolet treatment to produce an advance oxidation .neutralisation.
77. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 74 to 76, wherein when chlorine is created by the e arinator using saline water with a sodium chloride content passing up or through the chambers and when it can be released, by allowing the bubbles to rise and allow the manifold or by then passing into extreme advance oxidation chambers the chlorine is destroyed there for removing salt by removing the chlorine gas (hat originated from the sodium chloride.
78. A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 74 to ?7„ wherein by increasing the ozone levels entering the sea or saltwater in a bubble or foaming action and adding powerful ultra violet bulbs of varying wavelengths of light and allowing ozone levels to increase, such thai the removal or partial oxidation of gold and other precious metals will result.
79. A fluid treatment system for use in the destruction, of viruses, bacteria including odours from water using ihe system of any one of claims ! to 68, wherein the destruction is instantaneous and with the use of other ultraviolet lights the complete destruction of ozone will occur and allow clean fresh air to exit the system, thus, restoring the oxygen levels to 20.9% or higher or lower depending o the type of materials recovered in the system.
80. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 79, further comprising applying extreme levels of sound waves of certain frequencies will result in the destruction of bacteria and viruses.
81. A fluid treatment system as claimed in claim 79 or claim 80, wherein when the sound waves along with the combination of a high level of vibration assists in the destruction of viruses and bacteri and also assists in the clarification of any fluids and gases.
82, A fluid treatment system as claimed in any one of claims 79 to 81 , wherein the vibration is applied within the elongate chambers through the sides or the center of the chambers or both.
83, A method of treating water containing heavy metals or chemical matter, the method comprising the steps of;
providing at least one first chamber with means for introducing oz.on gas and an ultraviolet disinfecting lamp, such that water to be treated is passed through an inlet at the tipper end of the first chamber and an outlet at a lower end of the first chamber; bubbling oisone gas heated by the ultraviolet lamp flowing upwardly through the water to be treated in the first chamber, the water to be treated flowing downwardly through the first chamber to the outlet.;
providing at least one second, chamber with at least one ultraviolet disinfecting lamp for treating fluid flowing from a lower end to an upper end of the second chamber; connecting the first and second chambers such that the inlet to the first chamber is higher than the outlet of the second chamber so that fluid flows gravitational by through the system.
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