WO2014189408A1 - Flooring - Google Patents

Flooring Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2014189408A1
WO2014189408A1 PCT/RU2014/000083 RU2014000083W WO2014189408A1 WO 2014189408 A1 WO2014189408 A1 WO 2014189408A1 RU 2014000083 W RU2014000083 W RU 2014000083W WO 2014189408 A1 WO2014189408 A1 WO 2014189408A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
upper
board
formed
surface
lower
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/RU2014/000083
Other languages
French (fr)
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Валерий Анатольевич СМЫШЛЯЕВ
Original Assignee
Smyshljaev Valeriy Anatol Evich
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to RU2013123309 priority Critical
Priority to RU2013123309 priority
Application filed by Smyshljaev Valeriy Anatol Evich filed Critical Smyshljaev Valeriy Anatol Evich
Publication of WO2014189408A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014189408A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02044Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02044Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer
    • E04F2015/02105Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer
    • E04F2015/02111Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer not adjustable
    • E04F2015/02122Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer not adjustable with fastening elements engaging holes or grooves in the side faces of the flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the connection of floorboards. The technical problem is that of increasing the performance of flooring by increasing the stability of a specified position of abutting boards under fluctuations in temperature and humidity. The flooring comprises floorboards having connecting means on at least two opposite edges, and a base and a fastening element. A groove is formed on the connecting means of the one edge, said groove being formed by an upper tenon and a lower tenon, which have internal surfaces which are inclined into the board body and form a trapezoidal profile in cross section. The height of the upper tenon is greater than the lower tenon. At the end of the tenon there is a surface which is inclined towards the upper plane of the board. An upper mortise and a lower mortise are formed on the connecting means of the other edge, the inclined surfaces of which mortises form a ridge with dimensions corresponding to the dimensions of the groove. A channel is formed from the centre of the surface of the ridge and as far as the lower plane of the board, said channel being inclined into the board body and having a fastening element arranged therein.

Description

flooring

DESCRIPTION

The solution relates to the field of construction, in particular to a compound of the floorboards.

Known technical solution - sex flooring / JP 11152885 A, publ. 1999.06.08./ taken as a prototype, comprising a set of wooden elements, in particular boards, mounted on the base with a fastening element in the form of a rod being fitted into inclined channel formed in one of the wooden elements from the lateral edge to the bottom surface of the wooden element, and mating adjacent lateral edges; element on the lateral edge with an inclined channel in the middle portion thereof is formed spike, above which is formed a notch depth is equal to the width of the top surface of the stud; below the spike is formed a notch depth is equal to approximately half the depth of the upper recess; this element from edge to a lower surface thereof formed an inclined bore therethrough for the fixing member, and mating with the lateral edge of the first element of the lateral edge of another element is provided with two stud with a groove therebetween, this groove dimensions correspond spike in the middle of the side member edge with an inclined channel

The disadvantage of this invention is not assembling workability, entailing deterioration of operational properties, reducing the quality of the subfloor, namely because the fastening element is located in the corner of the upper notch, i.e. near the base of the upper recess may be damaged during assembly edge. Also, when the planks are formed shrinkage shrinkage cracks, as well as planting in a direction perpendicular to the upper plane of the floor covering a mating pair of beds is limited, it is possible displacement of the connecting means relative to each other vertically, which leads to the formation of a noticeable shoulder joints. When absorbing moisture, including atmospheric, there is swelling of boards, which causes them to warp, particularly at the docking boards, it also leads to the appearance of a ledge. All this degrades performance of the subfloor, reducing its quality.

The object of this solution is to improve joining of floorboards at improving operational properties subfloor.

The technical result - improved quality of the floorboards when compound

improving operational properties by increasing the subfloor

Stability predetermined relative position abutting boards with temperature and humidity fluctuations due to the mating surfaces located in planes divergent.

The technical result of the claimed technical solution is achieved by providing subfloor comprising mating the side edges of wooden elements, in particular floorboards, a base and a fastening element,

mounted in an inclined channel, with the board, at least, are at two opposite edges of the connecting means, one of which is configured as a groove formed by the upper and lower spikes have respectively lower and upper inclined to the body surface of the board, forming in cross-section trapezoidal profile, wherein the height of the top cleat approximately twice lower and having at an end face inclined to the plane of the upper surface of the board, and it matched with the connecting means is a c bnya formed upper and lower recesses, the dimensions of which match the dimensions of the respective studs formed on the match with him

connecting means, and from the top surface to the center of the ridge and the lower inclined plane board is formed in the board body channel within which is located a fixing member for fixing the board to the base.

Furthermore, on the lower surface of the upper cleat of the first connecting means and mating it with the upper surface of the ridge may be formed

surfaces extending in parallel relation to the upper plane of the board. In addition, the inclined upper end surface of the recess, the second

coupling means may be formed chamfer whose angle, relative to the upper plane of the board, equal to the angle of inclination of the surface located at the upper end of cleat mating with it the first coupling means.

In addition, the board formed with the connecting means located on the side edges on the perimeter.

The claimed technical solution presented in the drawings:

Figure 1 - shows the profile of a mating connecting means.

Figure 2 - Profile of another mating with the first coupling means.

On fig.Z - shown in Figures 1 and 2 in a docking state profiles.

4 - the profile of the connecting means in Figure 1 (Example 2).

5, - the profile of the connecting means in Figure 2 (Example 2).

6 - shown in Figures 4 and 5 in a docking state profiles.

Subfloor includes floorboards 1 having two opposite edges (fig.Z) coupling means 2 and 3, the base 4, and a fixing member 5 fixed in an inclined channel 6. At the connecting means 2 (Figure 2), a groove 7, formed by the upper 8 and lower 9 spikes having internal

angled surface of the board body 10 and 11, which form in cross section a trapezoidal profile, wherein the height of the top of the tongue 8, approximately twice lower stud 9. At the end 12, the tongue 8 has a surface 13 which is inclined to the plane of the upper board 1. at the connecting means 3 (Figure 1) is the upper 14 and lower 15 notches, inclined surfaces 16 and 17 which form a comb 18 with dimensions corresponding to the dimensions of the groove 7 located on the connecting means 2, the surface 19 is formed parallel to the surface 13. From the center to the bottom surface 16 is formed inclined plane boards in the board body channel 6 within which is located a fixing member 5 for fixing the base board 4. (fig.Z, 6) On the surface 19 * may be made chamfer 20, angled to the top plane of the board, the equal angle surfaces 13 on the surfaces 16 and 10 (Figures 4, 5) can be performed between a mating plane 21 and 22 arranged in parallel

relative to the upper plane of the board. Ditto for the most tight connection of the mating surfaces 13 and 19 due to the difference in size between the surfaces 23 and 24, the surfaces 25 and 26 are gaps whose dimensions are 1.0 ... 2.0 mm. Assembling the subfloor of the boards of the present utility model in the following order. Toward the bottom, for partitioning, at a distance of 10 ... 15 mm from the fixed wall klyaymery (not shown) and secured thereto first board 1, the recess 7 facing the wall. Then, through the inclined channels used fixing element 5 is attached to the base board 4, the channels 6 can be made in advance or directly prior to installation of the board. The next board is joined to the edge of the slot to the previous board and is also attached to the base of the fastening element, forming a sexual flooring.

Thus, a new set of essential features of the claimed solution it possible to provide a very accurate fit of the upper abutting surfaces of adjacent boards. Due to the difference in size between the ridge and the groove, the lower spine and lower neck provides at docking a snug fit mating surfaces. Also due to the fact that the mating surfaces are disposed in planes divergent, increased stability is achieved a predetermined relative position abutting boards with temperature and humidity fluctuations. An advantage is also the fact that the fastening element is located in the middle of the upper surface of the ridge increased, which improves the assembling workability flooring, and accordingly, Uluchay quality and performance of the floorings.

Claims

Formula
Subfloor 1, characterized in that it includes a mating side edges of the wooden elements, in particular floorboards, a base and a fastening element mounted in slope channel, the boards, at least two are on opposite edges of the connecting means, one of which is designed as a groove, formed by the upper and lower spikes,
respectively having lower and upper sloping the body board
surfaces forming in cross section a trapezoidal profile, wherein the height of the top cleat approximately twice lower, having at the end of the board is inclined to the top plane surface and the second mating with it connecting means is a ridge formed by the upper and lower recesses, the dimensions of which correspond to the dimensions corresponding studs formed on the first mating them with connecting means, and the center of the upper surface of the ridge and down to the plane board is formed inclined in those lo board channel within which is located a fixing member for fixing the board to the base.
2. Subfloor according to claim 1, characterized in that on the lower surface of the upper first cleat coupling means and on an upper surface mating with the ridge it may be made surface, arranged parallel relative to the upper plane of the board.
3. Subfloor according to claim 1, characterized in that the inclined upper end surface of the recess of the second coupling means may be formed chamfer whose inclination angle with respect to the upper plane of the board is equal to the slope surface located on the upper end of the cleat mating with the first coupling means him .
4. Subfloor according to claim 1, characterized in that the boards are made with
coupling means, located on the lateral edges around the entire perimeter.
PCT/RU2014/000083 2013-05-21 2014-02-07 Flooring WO2014189408A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2013123309 2013-05-21
RU2013123309 2013-05-21

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2014189408A1 true WO2014189408A1 (en) 2014-11-27

Family

ID=51933845

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/RU2014/000083 WO2014189408A1 (en) 2013-05-21 2014-02-07 Flooring

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2014189408A1 (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2142305A (en) * 1932-09-13 1939-01-03 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Building unit and construction
DE29608195U1 (en) * 1996-05-06 1996-07-25 Kuehn Jun Johann Stone for building surfaces
US20020017071A1 (en) * 2000-05-02 2002-02-14 Devivi David C. Flooring
RU2247814C2 (en) * 2000-06-13 2005-03-10 Флоринг Индастриз Лтд. Floor topping (variants) and panel

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2142305A (en) * 1932-09-13 1939-01-03 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Building unit and construction
DE29608195U1 (en) * 1996-05-06 1996-07-25 Kuehn Jun Johann Stone for building surfaces
US20020017071A1 (en) * 2000-05-02 2002-02-14 Devivi David C. Flooring
RU2247814C2 (en) * 2000-06-13 2005-03-10 Флоринг Индастриз Лтд. Floor topping (variants) and panel

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