WO2013149388A1 - Windmill power generation self-powered charging device for battery electric vehicle - Google Patents

Windmill power generation self-powered charging device for battery electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013149388A1
WO2013149388A1 PCT/CN2012/073552 CN2012073552W WO2013149388A1 WO 2013149388 A1 WO2013149388 A1 WO 2013149388A1 CN 2012073552 W CN2012073552 W CN 2012073552W WO 2013149388 A1 WO2013149388 A1 WO 2013149388A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
wind
generator
power generation
wind turbine
charging device
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2012/073552
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许有洪
Original Assignee
Xu You Hong
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xu You Hong filed Critical Xu You Hong
Priority to PCT/CN2012/073552 priority Critical patent/WO2013149388A1/en
Priority to CN201310077510.4A priority patent/CN103174594B/en
Publication of WO2013149388A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013149388A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L8/00Electric propulsion with power supply from forces of nature, e.g. sun or wind
    • B60L8/006Converting flow of air into electric energy, e.g. by using wind turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/10Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy
    • F03D9/11Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy storing electrical energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/30Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/32Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations on moving objects, e.g. vehicles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/90Mounting on supporting structures or systems
    • F05B2240/94Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a movable wheeled structure
    • F05B2240/941Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a movable wheeled structure which is a land vehicle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of wind energy utilization, in particular to a wind power generation self-powered charging device for a battery electric vehicle. Background technique:
  • wind is a kind of renewable energy, which is a great wealth given by nature in the world.
  • wind energy is a kind of renewable energy, which is a great wealth given by nature in the world.
  • wind speed is unstable, the energy generated is unstable, and wind energy utilization is affected by geography. The location is severely restricted, and the conversion efficiency of wind energy is also low.
  • wind energy is a new type of energy, the corresponding equipment is not very mature.
  • Fixed installation of wind turbines we call it a wind turbine generator, when there is a certain wind speed to generate electricity, and no wind or weak wind can not generate electricity.
  • the Bezi theory we compare the relationship between the wind level and the wind speed, air. There is wind in the wind, in the static wind state, the traffic vehicle is more than ten kilometers per hour (about 2. 8 meters per second).
  • the wind turbine starts to rotate to drive the generator to generate electricity, while the electric two-wheeled vehicle, the tricycle, the four-wheeled vehicle Above this figure, for micro-wind power generation, it is designed to wind speed of 10-15 meters per second and 35-55 kilometers per hour, so that the rated output power of the generator is completely ok, and this is calculated by the static wind state.
  • the fixed wind turbine is powered by natural wind. Its wind blades are large and long, more than 500W. The wind blades are all over 2 meters. Most of them use three blades to obtain more energy. It is unrealistic to install it on a small electric vehicle. Moreover, its balance tail is also long. When driving, it will continually oscillate, causing the vehicle to tremble and the direction is unstable, posing a threat to driving safety.
  • patent application No. 200610124184. 8 discloses a wind energy electric vehicle, including a power supply system, the power supply system of which is composed of a wind power generator, a charge controller, a battery pack and a power transmission controller, see 1 shows, but in this technical solution, only a single wind turbine is fixed on the top of the vehicle body through a fixed base, but this has great drawbacks, the balance tail is long, and it will continuously swing while driving, Security poses a threat, which is obviously unrealistic.
  • the same patent application number 01107419. 1, the "Wind Energy Electric Vehicle” technical solution also has such defects.
  • patent application 201110131339. in a solar energy and wind energy electric vehicle, a solar panel is installed on the top of the automobile, and a pipeline wind turbine is installed between the top of the automobile and the solar panel, and the vehicle is driven by wind energy and electric energy. But in practice, these two ways can’t be realized. The car travels for a long time, and it will increase the safety of the car itself.
  • the inventor calls the wind turbine used in mobile driving as a universal wind generator, and the central controller, the automatically adjusted shock absorber and the balance flywheel play a key role, through the automatic adjustment of the shock absorption.
  • the device and the balance flywheel cooperate with each other to adapt to these changes and achieve the purpose of smooth power generation, thereby completing the self-powered charging of the windmill generating electricity during driving. Summary of the invention:
  • the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a self-powered charging device for a wind power generation of a battery electric vehicle, which satisfies an electric vehicle that travels on a road, a hybrid electric vehicle, and generates power by a natural wind power, and supplies power and charging, and can extend the power supply.
  • Time and driving distance save electricity and fuel, extend battery life, and lay the foundation for future energy conservation, emission reduction, environmental protection, and sustainable development.
  • a power supply charging device for a battery electric vehicle, a wind power generation system device and a central control system device are added to a battery electric vehicle charging power supply control circuit, a battery pack and a power motor, characterized in that: the windmill power generation system The device converts wind energy into electrical energy, and after being regulated by the central control system device, is sent to the charging power supply control circuit, and the battery pack is connected to drive the power horse together. To work, to achieve self-powered windmill power generation.
  • the windmill power generation system device is composed of an air inlet, a wind speed sensor, a wind direction sensor, a microprocessor, a wind turbine, a wind turbine or a flywheel, a generator, an air outlet, a shock absorber and a fixed frame.
  • the air inlet is different in shape according to the shape of the vehicle, and adopts a bell mouth shape, an elliptical shape, a long oval shape or a circular shape, and a protective net cover is arranged outside the air inlet port, wherein the protective net cover does not affect the wind resistance and the air inlet;
  • the wind turbine is made of metal, non-ferrous metal or composite material.
  • the shape of the wind turbine blade is airfoil and variable-section blade and equal-section blade. It can also be used with blade with sizing blade, s-shaped blade, straight line. Shaped blades, the number of the wind blades may be single leaf type, two leaf type, three leaf type or multi leaf type.
  • the wind turbine is equipped with a low speed shaft, a shifting device, a clutch and a high speed shaft.
  • the wind turbine is different in size depending on the shape of the vehicle, and the power of the generator and the size of the wind blade are different.
  • the device may or may not be used.
  • the generator is a special alternator and a special direct current generator, wherein the special alternator and the special direct current generator are both brushless for the induction generator and the permanent magnet generator, and one of the two types of generators.
  • the generator can adopt a horizontal shaft type (horizontal axis type) generator assembly and a vertical shaft type (vertical shaft type) generator assembly, and the installation method can adopt an upwind type or a downwind type, and a measuring speed is required in the generator.
  • a speed sensor, and a generator assembly fixed disk is mounted outside the generator.
  • the air outlets are installed on the two sides of the vehicle according to the size of the vehicle shape, and are installed on the upper side or the lower side of the vehicle.
  • the air inlets may be parallel to the air inlets, or parallel, both sides, and the upper and lower sides may simultaneously emit air, and the wind resistance should be reduced as much as possible. Outlet rate.
  • the shock absorber adopts a damper spring damper, which is used in four or six. It can also be used as a hanger type isolator, and is installed with three to six tension springs to achieve shock absorption and capture. The purpose of the wind.
  • the outer diameter of the flywheel should be equal to or smaller than the generator casing to reduce windage, flywheel and wind turbine.
  • the generator is coaxially mounted, followed by wind turbine, generator, compression spring with isolation washer, flywheel, with washer
  • the compression spring, the locking mechanism, the two compression springs are of the same mass, so that the flywheel caught in the middle reaches equilibrium when it is rotated vertically.
  • the flywheel and the transmission shaft are fixedly fixed by a concave-convex type, and the transmission shaft is convex, and the length is To be determined, the center hole of the flywheel is concave and sandwiched between two compression springs.
  • the wind turbine encounters different directions and grades of wind, and it realizes automatic steering through the shock absorber.
  • the flywheel is automatically balanced according to the air lift to achieve a balanced operation.
  • the other function of the flywheel is to improve the uniformity of the generator operation by storing and releasing energy, and to overcome the sudden increase of the generator speed caused by the encounter of strong convective wind, stop or reverse, and control And buffering effect.
  • the wind speed sensor, the wind direction sensor and the microprocessor are all installed at the air inlet, and are applied to a windmill generator using a wind turbine and installing a universal device.
  • the wind speed and direction sensor transmits the measured data to the micro processing.
  • the microprocessor outputs to the central controller in the central control system device, and the central controller controls the windward direction of the wind turbine to obtain the optimal wind catching effect, and the wind turbine
  • the shift control is performed to stabilize the generator within the normal speed control.
  • the fixing frame is mainly used for fixing and installing the shock absorber and the wind power generator assembly, and the fixing frame pattern is different depending on the installation position of the vehicle shape.
  • the central system device is composed of a rectifier, a filter, a voltage stabilizing circuit, a central controller, and a charging and power supply control circuit.
  • the rectifier and the filter if a special alternator is used, this configuration is required to make the alternating current become pure direct current and enter the next stage. If a direct current generator is used, the configuration is not required and directly enters the voltage stabilizing circuit. .
  • the voltage stabilizing circuit re-filters and stabilizes the DC voltage from the previous stage to reach a set value.
  • the central controller identifies and samples the DC voltage current from the voltage stabilizing circuit, and calculates the rotational speed of the generator, and controls the generator in time to change its working mode and working state, when the rotational speed of the generator exceeds At the limit value, the central controller stops the generator from generating electricity, so that the generator becomes a mechanical no-load rotation state to protect the generator from burning out. When the speed returns to the rated value, the generator starts to work again and again. When the vehicle stops driving, the central controller, the charging power supply control circuit automatically shuts down and stops working.
  • the charging power supply control circuit is installed on a battery electric vehicle for windmill power generation, and is used for auxiliary electric energy to increase the mileage. Before each departure, the battery pack is fully charged by the commercial power. In order to exert its high efficiency, when the battery pack is fully charged, the charging power supply control circuit can supply the battery while charging the battery pack, so that the power motor consumes less energy of the battery pack, and the charging power supply control The circuit interacts with the central controller and the battery pack.
  • the technical solution also has the technical solution that the generator can adopt a horizontal shaft generator assembly, a vertical shaft generator assembly, and a fixed disk outside the generator assembly, wherein: the level The shaft generator assembly has a wind turbine at the front end, the wind turbine center passes through the transmission shaft, and the generator, the compression spring assembly, the flywheel and the locking mechanism are sequentially installed along the wind turbine end of the transmission shaft.
  • the vertical axis generator assembly has a wind turbine at the front end, the wind turbine center passes through the transmission shaft, and the bridge gear, the compression spring assembly, the flywheel and the locking mechanism are sequentially installed along the wind turbine end of the transmission shaft.
  • the bridge gear end is connected to the generator.
  • the compression spring assembly is a compression spring with an isolating washer.
  • the fixing plate comprises an inner fixing plate and an outer fixing plate.
  • a shock absorber is arranged between the inner fixing plate and the outer fixing plate.
  • One end of the shock absorber is provided with a lifting ring, one end is fixed with a fixing ring, one end of the lifting ring and the outer fixing plate are fastened.
  • one end of the fixing ring is fastened to the inner fixing plate, and the horizontal shaft generator assembly or the vertical shaft generator assembly is installed in the inner fixing plate.
  • the damper is a damper spring damper and is used in four or six.
  • the external part of the damper spring damper is a casing, and the fixing ring and the sling ring are fixed by bolts after passing through the casing, and a bearing is installed between the fixing ring and the bolt to relieve the fixing ring from being shaken by the internal fixing plate
  • the damper spring damper housing is damaged; a fixing plate is arranged between the hoist ring and the bolt, and a spring is arranged between the fixing plate for relieving the force generated by the external fixing plate when the inner fixing plate is stressed.
  • shock absorber can also be a hanger type isolator, which is used in one piece and equipped with three to six tension springs.
  • the hanger type vibration isolator is provided with a fixing ring outside the generator assembly, and a U-shaped hanger is arranged outside the fixing ring, and both ends of the U-shaped hanger are connected by a sleeve bolt and a boom, Spacers are provided when the bushing bolts are connected to the U-shaped hangers and the booms.
  • the boom is coupled to the cantilever shaft, and the cantilever shaft is coupled to the frame to secure the frame by bolts to suspend the generator assembly.
  • a bearing sleeve is arranged at a joint of the cantilever shaft and the boom, and a rubber body is filled at a joint between the cantilever shaft and the frame, and the bearing sleeve and the rubber body are used together to alleviate the generator assembly when subjected to wind power steering.
  • the object used for hanging and fixing causes shaking.
  • the windmill power generation system device, the central control system device, and the charging power supply control circuit can be installed on the battery electric vehicle and the battery hybrid electric vehicle, and the power supply and the charging are achieved by natural wind energy during driving, and is extended.
  • the battery power supply time increases the mileage.
  • the wind turbine blades disperse the wind resistance, reduce the wind resistance, and are more stable and faster in driving. It is more energy-efficient. It can be widely installed in battery electric two-wheelers and tricycles. Four-wheelers, sightseeing cars, browsing cars, ships and battery electric hybrids. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
  • Figure 5A is a wind-frequency diagram of different winds downward
  • Figure 5B is a schematic diagram showing the relationship between wind direction stability and wind direction frequency
  • Figure 5C is a schematic diagram of the effect of obstacles on the wind turbine
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a general flow of windmill power generation according to the present invention.
  • Figure 7 is a schematic diagram of the principle of the device of the present invention.
  • Figure 8 is a schematic structural view of a horizontal shaft type generator assembly of the present invention.
  • Figure 9 is a schematic structural view of a vertical shaft type generator assembly of the present invention.
  • Figure 10 is a schematic view showing the structure of a fixed disk for mounting a generator assembly
  • FIG 11 is a schematic structural view of the damper spring damper of Figure 10.
  • Figure 12 is a schematic view showing the structure of a hanger type isolator for suspending a generator assembly according to another embodiment. detailed description:
  • the battery electric vehicle uses a windmill to generate a self-powered charging device.
  • the windmill power generation system is installed.
  • the central control system device and the windmill power generation system device convert the wind energy into electric energy, and are sent to the charging and power supply control circuit after being controlled by the central control system device, and the battery unit is connected to drive the power motor to work, thereby realizing self-power supply of the windmill.
  • the induced airflow and positive pressure zone and negative pressure zone will be affected by the different appearance of the car shape, so it is very important for the windmill power generation system device and the installation position.
  • the windmill power generation system consists of an air inlet, a wind speed sensor, a wind direction sensor, a microprocessor, a wind turbine, a wind turbine or a flywheel, a generator, an air outlet, a shock absorber and a fixed frame;
  • the central system device is composed of a rectifier, a filter,
  • the voltage regulator circuit, the central controller, and the charging power supply control circuit are composed.
  • the wind turbine generates electricity through the generator, and the generated electric power is supplied to the power motor through the regulation of the central controller, and then supplied to the power motor, and the battery pack of the electric vehicle itself performs long-term battery power supply to the electric vehicle.
  • the air inlet is different according to the shape of the car shape, and can be bell-shaped, elliptical, oblong, round, or any shape, and has a protective net cover, first considering from an aesthetic point of view, the protective net The cover should be considered as far as possible without affecting wind resistance and air intake.
  • the air outlets can be different on the sides of the vehicle, on the upper side or the lower side, or in the air inlets, or in parallel, on both sides, and on the upper and lower sides. In short, in consideration of aesthetics, Also consider minimizing windage and increasing airflow.
  • the air inlet and outlet it is only relative, not absolute, such as electric two-wheelers, tricycles and four-wheelers. Due to its low power, it can be used from an economic point of view and an aesthetic point of view. Like the electric fans that people use, they are equipped with a protective net, a safety cover, a generator anti-corrosion, dustproof, waterproof cover, and a fixed mounting frame. When driving, they can generate electricity as long as they reach the nominal value, and can be installed in the same car. A two or more small micro windmill power generating units to match the power matching requirements, as long as it meets traffic safety, it makes people look beautiful and comfortable.
  • the wind turbines are made of metal, non-ferrous metals and composite materials according to the different shapes of the car shape, different generator powers, and different installation positions.
  • the shape of the wind blades is airfoil and variable-section blades and equal-section blades. Blades with a slurry changer, s-type blades, and straight-shaped blades may also be used.
  • the number of wind blades may be single-leaf, two-leaf, three-leaf or multi-leaf.
  • the generator power and the size of the wind blades are different.
  • This device may or may not be used, such as battery electric tour car, sightseeing car, due to the model. Larger, the speed is 10-20 km slower, there must be a wind turbine device to achieve the gear ratio and power supply and battery pack charging, while electric two-wheel, tricycle, four-wheeler, the speed is 30-120 km per hour, In the wind turbine, the gear transmission transmission friction causes power loss of about 8%, and noise pollution to the environment.
  • the wind turbine and the generator are directly connected and coaxially rotated.
  • the generator uses special alternator, special DC generator, both of which are brushless for induction generator and permanent magnet generator.
  • special alternator special DC generator
  • the special generator can be horizontal axis type (horizontal axis type), vertical axis type (vertical axis type), and the installation method can adopt windward or downwind type, special generator.
  • a speed sensor that measures the speed must be installed.
  • the wind speed sensor, the wind direction sensor and the microprocessor are installed at the air inlet. It is suitable for the wind turbine generator with the wind turbine and the gimbal. When the vehicle is running normally, the wind speed and direction sensor transmits the measured data to the microprocessor. Through the microprocessor output to the central controller, the central controller controls the windward direction of the wind turbine to control the windward direction of the wind turbine to obtain the best wind catching effect, and the speed control of the wind turbine to make the generator Stabilization is within the normal speed control.
  • the fixing frame is mainly used for fixing and installing the shock absorber and the wind turbine generator. The mounting pattern is different depending on the mounting position of the vehicle.
  • Rectifier, filter if a special alternator is used, this configuration is required to make the AC become pure DC and enter the next stage. If a DC generator is used, this configuration is not required and goes directly to the regulator circuit.
  • the voltage regulator circuit re-filters and regulates the DC voltage from the previous stage to reach the set value.
  • the central controller identifies and samples the DC voltage and current from the voltage regulator circuit, and calculates the speed of the special generator, and controls the special generator in time to change its working mode and working state.
  • the central controller stops the generator from generating electricity, so that the generator becomes a mechanical no-load rotation state to protect the generator from burning out.
  • the generator starts working again. Repeatedly, when the vehicle stops driving, the central controller, the charging power supply control circuit automatically shuts down and stops working.
  • Charging power supply control circuit windmill power generation is used in battery electric vehicles. It only supports electric natural energy to increase the mileage. Therefore, before each departure, the battery pack should be fully charged by the mains, so as to achieve its high efficiency.
  • the charging power supply control circuit can supply the battery while charging the battery pack, so that the power motor consumes less energy of the battery pack, and the charging power supply control circuit and the central controller and the battery The groups work together.
  • the damper can be damped spring damper, which can be used in four or six. It can also be used with a hanger type isolator and installed with three to six tension springs to achieve shock absorption and capture. the goal of.
  • the installation of the shock absorber is mainly used for fixing the wind turbine generator assembly, which requires a free movement in a circle and can be tilted by about 10 degrees.
  • the generator can adopt a horizontal shaft generator assembly, a vertical shaft generator assembly, and a fixed disk outside the generator assembly, a horizontal shaft generator assembly, and the front end is Wind turbine 1, the center of the wind turbine 1 passes through the transmission shaft 2, and the generator 3, the first compression spring 4A, the flywheel 5, the second compression spring 4B and the locking mechanism 6 are sequentially mounted along one end of the wind turbine 1 of the transmission shaft 2.
  • the fixed disk method is installed outside the generator assembly, wherein the fixed plate includes the inner fixed plate 8 and the outer fixed plate 9, between the inner fixed plate 8 and the outer fixed plate 9 is installed with a shock absorber 10, one end of the shock absorber 10 is mounted with a lifting ring 101, one end is mounted with a fixing ring 102, the lifting ring 101 - the end and the outer fixed plate 9
  • the fastening, the fixing ring 102-end and the inner fixing plate 8 are fastened, and the horizontal shaft generator assembly or the vertical shaft generator assembly is installed in the inner fixing plate 8.
  • the damper 10 adopts a damper spring damper, and the number of use is four or six, and is installed between the inner fixed disc 8 and the outer fixed disc 9.
  • the outer part of the damper spring damper is a housing 103, a fixing ring 102 and
  • the lifting ring 101 passes through the housing 103 and is fixed by bolts 104.
  • a bearing 105 is mounted between the fixing ring 102 and the bolt 104 for relieving the fixing ring 102 against the damping spring damper housing 103 when the internal fixing plate 8 is shaken. Damaged, a fixing plate 106 is installed between the lifting ring 101 and the bolt 104, and a spring 107 is mounted between the fixing plate 106 for relieving the force generated by the compression of the external fixing plate 9 when the inner fixing plate 8 is stressed.
  • the horizontal shaft generator assembly or the vertical shaft generator assembly can be stably installed. It is also possible to use a hanger type isolator 11, which is used in one.
  • the hanger type isolator 11 is provided with a fixing ring 111 outside the generator assembly, and a U-shaped hanger 112 is mounted outside the fixing ring 111. Both ends of the U-shaped hanger 112 are connected by bolts 113 and the boom 114. The spacer 115 is mounted when the 113 is connected to the U-shaped hanger 112 and the boom 114.
  • the boom 114 is coupled to the cantilever shaft 116, connected to the frame 117 via the cantilever shaft 116, and the frame 117 is secured by bolts 113 to suspend the generator assembly.
  • a bearing sleeve 118 is mounted at the joint of the cantilever shaft 116 and the boom 114, and the joint of the cantilever shaft 116 and the frame 117 is filled with the rubber body 119, The use of the bearing sleeve 118 and the rubber body 119 eases the sloshing of the generator assembly for suspension fixation when subjected to wind deflection.
  • the principle of the present invention is that we use a disc in a DVD player as a physical experiment.
  • the disc In the static wind state, the disc is held in the hand and forced into the air horizontally to make it rotate rapidly. At this time, we find the disc. It does not fall in the short time but rises in the air. This is the air lift of a plane object rotating in a horizontal motion, and the flywheel is a flat circular flywheel.
  • flywheel 5 and the transmission shaft 1 are fixedly fixed by concave and convex, the transmission shaft 1 is convex, the center hole of the flywheel 5 is concave, and is sandwiched between the two compression springs 5A, 5B, in the wind power generation of the vehicle, wind power
  • the machine 1 will encounter different directions and grades of wind, it achieves automatic adjustment through the shock absorber, and the flywheel 5 automatically adjusts the position according to the air lift to achieve the operation balance.
  • another function of the flywheel 5 is to improve the uniformity of the generator operation by storing and releasing energy, stability and overcoming the sudden increase of the generator speed caused by the encounter of strong convective wind, stopping or reversing, and thus restraining and Buffering effect.
  • the central controller, the automatically adjusted shock absorber and the balance flywheel cooperate with each other to adapt to these changes, and achieve the purpose of smooth power generation, thereby completing the self-powered charging of the windmill generating electricity during driving.

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Abstract

A windmill power generation self-powered charging device for a battery electric vehicle, which relates to the field of wind energy utilization and is added with a windmill power generation system device and a central control system device on the basis of a charging power supply control circuit, a battery pack and a power motor of the battery electric vehicle, characterized in that the windmill power generation system device converts wind energy into electric energy, which is transmitted to the charging power supply control circuit after being regulated by the central control system device, and together with the battery pack, drives the power motor to work to realize windmill power generation self-powering.

Description

电池电动车用风车发电自供电充电装置 技术领域:  Battery electric vehicle windmill power generation self-powered charging device
本发明涉及风能利用领域, 具体是一种电池电动车用风车发电自供电充 电装置。 背景技术:  The invention relates to the field of wind energy utilization, in particular to a wind power generation self-powered charging device for a battery electric vehicle. Background technique:
人类利用风能的历史可以追溯到公元二世纪, 古波斯人利用垂直轴风车 碾米, 公元前数世纪, 中国人就开始利用风力来提水灌溉, 磨面, 磨米, 从 古流传至今的风筝和风筝比赛, 给人们带来了乐趣以及儿童喜欢玩的风花转, 风气球等。  The history of human use of wind energy can be traced back to the second century AD. The ancient Persians used vertical axis windmills to mill rice. In the centuries BC, the Chinese began to use the wind to raise water for irrigation, grinding, grinding, and kites that have been passed down from ancient times. With the kite competition, it brings fun to people and the winds and turns that children like to play, wind balloons and so on.
采用风力机利用风能发电的设想最早始于十九世纪末, 1887年, 美国人 Byush 建造了第一台发电用风力机, 而用于风力发电的发展最快的国家是丹 麦, 随着人们对风能的不断研究和探索, 风力发电逐渐走进工业, 居民住宅, 交通不便的山区, 地广人稀的草原牧场, 以及远离电网的农村, 它不但为生 活提供了方便, 还节约了电力开支, 并可有利于对环境的保护。  The idea of using wind turbines to generate electricity from wind power began as early as the end of the 19th century. In 1887, American Byush built the first wind turbine for power generation, and the fastest growing country for wind power generation was Denmark. Continuous research and exploration, wind power gradually entered the industry, residential buildings, inaccessible mountainous areas, sparsely populated grassland pastures, and rural areas far from the grid, which not only facilitated life, but also saved electricity costs, and Can contribute to the protection of the environment.
在自然界中, 风是一种可再生能源, 是世界人类中大自然给予的巨大财 富, 但是风能利用也存在着一些弊端, 首先它的风速不稳定, 产生的能量大 小不稳定, 风能利用受地理位置限制严重, 而且风能的转换效率也低, 虽然 风能是新型能源, 但相应的使用设备也不是很成熟。  In nature, wind is a kind of renewable energy, which is a great wealth given by nature in the world. However, there are some drawbacks in the use of wind energy. First, its wind speed is unstable, the energy generated is unstable, and wind energy utilization is affected by geography. The location is severely restricted, and the conversion efficiency of wind energy is also low. Although wind energy is a new type of energy, the corresponding equipment is not very mature.
怎样把风能更有效的转换成电能呢? 我们把它用在交通工具上, 到目前 为止, 世界各国用风力发电机发电的数不胜数, 但大多是固定安装发电的, 移动发电的除用在船舶外, 用在陆地交通工具上的却很少, 理论和实践告诉 我们, 固定安装的风力发电机, 风速每秒达到三米左右, 风力机就可以开始 旋转并发电, 随着风力越来越强, 输出功率会增加, 当风力达到额定风速时, 风电机才会输出其额定功率。  How to convert wind energy into electricity more efficiently? We use it on vehicles. So far, there are countless generations of wind turbines in the world, but most of them are fixed installations. Mobile power is used in addition to ships, but rarely on land vehicles. Theory and practice tell us that a fixed installation of wind turbines, wind speed of about three meters per second, the wind turbine can start to rotate and generate electricity, as the wind is getting stronger, the output power will increase, when the wind reaches the rated wind speed The wind turbine will output its rated power.
而任何长耳朵的活体动物, 它所发出的和听到的声音, 都是通过压迫空 气传播的, 而移动行驶的交通工具, 除了压迫空气外, 还要挤压分散空气和 风才能移动和行驶, 固定安装的风力发电机, 我们称它为待风发电机, 当有 一定的风力风速才可以发电, 而无风或微弱风就不能发电了。 风力发电安装 在行驶的交通工具上, 在行驶中, 空气中的风推动了风叶片, 使风叶片受阻 产生了升力并旋转, 基于以上原理, 根据贝兹理论, 我们把风力等级和风速 关系进行对照, 空气中有风, 在静风状态下, 行驶的交通车辆每小时达到十 公里以上 (每秒大约 2. 8米) 风力机开始旋转带动发电机发电, 而电动二轮 车, 三轮车, 四轮车就高于这个数字, 对于微小型风力发电而言, 设计成每 秒 10-15米风速及每小时行驶 35-55公里, 使发电机输出额定功率是完全可 以的, 况且这是以静风状态计算的, And any long-eared living animal, the sound it emits and hears, is transmitted by oppressing the air, and the moving vehicle, in addition to oppressing the air, squeezes the air and the wind to move and drive. Fixed installation of wind turbines, we call it a wind turbine generator, when there is a certain wind speed to generate electricity, and no wind or weak wind can not generate electricity. Wind power installation On the moving vehicle, during the driving, the wind in the air pushes the wind blade, causing the wind blade to be blocked and generating lift and rotation. Based on the above principle, according to the Bezi theory, we compare the relationship between the wind level and the wind speed, air. There is wind in the wind, in the static wind state, the traffic vehicle is more than ten kilometers per hour (about 2. 8 meters per second). The wind turbine starts to rotate to drive the generator to generate electricity, while the electric two-wheeled vehicle, the tricycle, the four-wheeled vehicle Above this figure, for micro-wind power generation, it is designed to wind speed of 10-15 meters per second and 35-55 kilometers per hour, so that the rated output power of the generator is completely ok, and this is calculated by the static wind state. of,
从空气动力学的原理来分析, 固定安装的风力发电机, 风并非推动风叶 片, 而是吹过叶片形成正反面的压差, 这样的压差会产生升力, 令风轮旋转 并不断横切风流, 由于风力发电机的风轮并不能提取风的所有功率, 根据贝 兹定律, 理论上风电机能够提取的最大功率是风的功率的 60%以下, 而大多数 风电机只能获取风功率的 40%左右或者更少。 可参见图 5A、 5B、 5C, 选自 《风 能与风力发电技术》第二版, 中国 北京 化学工业出版社 2010. 04。  From the principle of aerodynamics, the fixed installation of the wind turbine, the wind does not push the wind blade, but the pressure difference between the front and back of the blade is blown, such pressure difference will generate lift, make the wind wheel rotate and cross-cut Wind flow, because the wind turbine's wind wheel can't extract all the power of the wind, according to Bayes' law, the maximum power that the wind motor can extract is less than 60% of the wind power, and most wind turbines can only obtain wind power. 40% or less. See Figures 5A, 5B, and 5C, selected from Wind Energy and Wind Power Technology, Second Edition, China Beijing Chemical Industry Press, 2010. 04.
对于地面固定安装的风力发电机和在车辆中安装的风力发电机, 它有着 两种截然不同的概念, 固定风力发电机是依自然风发电的, 它的风叶片规格 大而长, 500W以上的风叶片都在 2米以上, 大多采用的是三叶片, 方能获得 较大能量的风能, 显然把它安装在较小的电动车辆上是不现实的, 况且它的 平衡尾尾翼也长, 在行驶时会不停地摆动, 使车辆产生抖动, 方向不稳, 对 行驶安全构成了威胁。  For wind turbines installed on the ground and wind turbines installed in vehicles, it has two completely different concepts. The fixed wind turbine is powered by natural wind. Its wind blades are large and long, more than 500W. The wind blades are all over 2 meters. Most of them use three blades to obtain more energy. It is unrealistic to install it on a small electric vehicle. Moreover, its balance tail is also long. When driving, it will continually oscillate, causing the vehicle to tremble and the direction is unstable, posing a threat to driving safety.
从现有的专利技术分析, 专利申请号 200610124184. 8, 公开了一种风能 电动汽车, 包括电源系统, 其电源系统由风力发电机、 充电控制器、 蓄电池 组和输电控制器组成, 可参见图 1所示, 但在此技术方案中, 只是单一的将风 力发电机通过固定底座固定在车身的顶部, 但是这样存在很大的弊端, 平衡 尾翼长, 在行驶时会不停地摆动, 对行驶安全构成了威胁, 显然是不现实的。 同样的专利申请号 01107419. 1, 公开的 "风能电动车"技术方案中也具有这 样的缺陷。  From the existing patented technical analysis, patent application No. 200610124184. 8, discloses a wind energy electric vehicle, including a power supply system, the power supply system of which is composed of a wind power generator, a charge controller, a battery pack and a power transmission controller, see 1 shows, but in this technical solution, only a single wind turbine is fixed on the top of the vehicle body through a fixed base, but this has great drawbacks, the balance tail is long, and it will continuously swing while driving, Security poses a threat, which is obviously unrealistic. The same patent application number 01107419. 1, the "Wind Energy Electric Vehicle" technical solution also has such defects.
在发明专利申请 201110131339. 1,太阳能、 风能电动汽车中, 在汽车顶部 安装太阳能电池板、 同时在汽车顶部和太阳能电池板之间安装管道风力发电 机组, 通过风能和电能实现汽车的行驶。 但在实践中, 这两种方式实现不了 汽车长时间的行驶, 而且在外观上会增加汽车本身的不安全性 In the invention patent application 201110131339. 1, in a solar energy and wind energy electric vehicle, a solar panel is installed on the top of the automobile, and a pipeline wind turbine is installed between the top of the automobile and the solar panel, and the vehicle is driven by wind energy and electric energy. But in practice, these two ways can’t be realized. The car travels for a long time, and it will increase the safety of the car itself.
在发明专利申请号 201110237658. 0、 021 12739. 5和 200810143128. 8三个 专利中, 都采用了将风扇安装在汽车的外部或内部, 通过行驶时的迎风带动 风扇旋转, 来提供一部分动力, 但是在这里他们忽略了最主要的一点, 车辆 在行驶时, 车速, 车向都会充满变数, 相对应的风速风向, 也会有各种变化, 对风扇会产生相应的阻力而无法正常旋转, 特别是风扇在侧方向受力时, 会 产生很大的阻力, 就会对车辆造成很大的不安全隐患, 也不能实现平稳的发 电。  In the three patents of the invention patent application numbers 201110237658. 0, 021 12739. 5 and 200810143128. 8 , the fan is installed outside or inside the automobile, and the fan is rotated by the wind in the driving to provide a part of the power, but Here they ignore the most important point. When the vehicle is driving, the speed of the vehicle and the direction of the vehicle will be full of variables. The corresponding wind speed and direction will also have various changes. The fan will have corresponding resistance and cannot rotate normally, especially When the fan is stressed in the lateral direction, it will generate a lot of resistance, which will cause great insecurity to the vehicle and will not achieve stable power generation.
基于上述技术方案中, 都存在交通动力车辆在行驶中, 没有能平衡掉扇 叶在转动时会产生侧方向的力量, 而这个力量对于行驶中的车辆来说危害性 也是最大的, 可参见图 2、 图 3和图 4。 综上所述, 车用风车发电自供电是人 为的对空气中的风力风速进行挤压和分散, 从而达到行驶目的特制风车发电 设备。  Based on the above technical solutions, there are traffic-powered vehicles that are running, and there is no balance between the blades and the side-direction force when rotating, and this force is also the most harmful to the moving vehicle, see the figure 2. Figures 3 and 4. In summary, the self-power supply for wind turbines for vehicles is artificially squeezing and dispersing wind wind speeds in the air to achieve special windmill power generation equipment for driving purposes.
本发明人对于移动行驶中使用的风力发电机, 称它为万向风发电机, 利 用中央控制器, 自动调节的减震器和平衡飞轮就起到了关键性的作用, 通过 自动调节的减震器和平衡飞轮相互配合, 来适应这些变化, 达到平稳发电的 目的, 从而完成行驶中风车发电自供电充电。 发明内容:  The inventor calls the wind turbine used in mobile driving as a universal wind generator, and the central controller, the automatically adjusted shock absorber and the balance flywheel play a key role, through the automatic adjustment of the shock absorption. The device and the balance flywheel cooperate with each other to adapt to these changes and achieve the purpose of smooth power generation, thereby completing the self-powered charging of the windmill generating electricity during driving. Summary of the invention:
本发明所要解决的技术问题在于提供一种电池电动车用风车发电自供电 充电装置, 满足在道路上行驶的电动车, 混合电动车, 通过大自然风力带动 风车发电并供电和充电, 可延长供电时间和行驶路程, 节约了电能源和燃料, 延长了电池使用寿命, 为以后交通工具实现节能, 减排, 环保, 并可持续发 展奠定了基础。  The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a self-powered charging device for a wind power generation of a battery electric vehicle, which satisfies an electric vehicle that travels on a road, a hybrid electric vehicle, and generates power by a natural wind power, and supplies power and charging, and can extend the power supply. Time and driving distance save electricity and fuel, extend battery life, and lay the foundation for future energy conservation, emission reduction, environmental protection, and sustainable development.
本发明所要解决的技术问题采用以下技术方案来实现:  The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is implemented by the following technical solutions:
电池电动车用风车发电自供电充电装置, 在电池电动车的充电供电控制 电路、 电池组和动力马达的基础上, 增加风车发电系统装置和中央控制系统 装置, 其特征在于: 所述风车发电系统装置将风能转换成电能, 经过中央控 制系统装置的调控后输送到充电供电控制电路, 连通电池组一起带动动力马 达工作, 实现风车发电自供电。 A power supply charging device for a battery electric vehicle, a wind power generation system device and a central control system device are added to a battery electric vehicle charging power supply control circuit, a battery pack and a power motor, characterized in that: the windmill power generation system The device converts wind energy into electrical energy, and after being regulated by the central control system device, is sent to the charging power supply control circuit, and the battery pack is connected to drive the power horse together. To work, to achieve self-powered windmill power generation.
所述风车发电系统装置由进风口, 风速传感器, 风向传感器, 微处理器, 风力机, 风轮机或飞轮, 发电机, 出风口, 减震器和固定架组成。  The windmill power generation system device is composed of an air inlet, a wind speed sensor, a wind direction sensor, a microprocessor, a wind turbine, a wind turbine or a flywheel, a generator, an air outlet, a shock absorber and a fixed frame.
所述进风口根据车形外观大小不同, 采用喇叭口状, 椭圆形, 长椭圆形 或圆形, 并在进风口外部设有防护网罩, 其中防护网罩要不影响风阻和进风; 所述风力机采用金属, 有色金属或复合材料注塑而成, 风力机的风叶片 形状为翼型及变截面叶片和等截面叶片两种, 也可采用带变浆器的叶片, s型 叶片, 直线形叶片, 所述风叶片的数量可采用单叶式, 二叶式, 三叶式或多 叶式。  The air inlet is different in shape according to the shape of the vehicle, and adopts a bell mouth shape, an elliptical shape, a long oval shape or a circular shape, and a protective net cover is arranged outside the air inlet port, wherein the protective net cover does not affect the wind resistance and the air inlet; The wind turbine is made of metal, non-ferrous metal or composite material. The shape of the wind turbine blade is airfoil and variable-section blade and equal-section blade. It can also be used with blade with sizing blade, s-shaped blade, straight line. Shaped blades, the number of the wind blades may be single leaf type, two leaf type, three leaf type or multi leaf type.
所述风轮机里安装有低速轴, 变速装置, 离合器和高速轴, 风轮机根据 车形外观大小不同, 发电机功率及风叶片大小不同, 此装置可采用也可不采 用。  The wind turbine is equipped with a low speed shaft, a shifting device, a clutch and a high speed shaft. The wind turbine is different in size depending on the shape of the vehicle, and the power of the generator and the size of the wind blade are different. The device may or may not be used.
所述发电机为特种交流发电机和特种直流发电机, 其中特种交流发电机 和特种直流发电机为感应式发电机和永磁发电机均无刷, 两种发电机任选一 种。  The generator is a special alternator and a special direct current generator, wherein the special alternator and the special direct current generator are both brushless for the induction generator and the permanent magnet generator, and one of the two types of generators.
所述发电机可采用水平轴式 (横轴式)发电机总成、 垂直轴式 (竖轴式) 发电机总成、 安装方式可采用迎风式或顺风式, 发电机中需安装测量转速的 转速传感器, 并在所述发电机外部安装发电机总成固定盘。  The generator can adopt a horizontal shaft type (horizontal axis type) generator assembly and a vertical shaft type (vertical shaft type) generator assembly, and the installation method can adopt an upwind type or a downwind type, and a measuring speed is required in the generator. a speed sensor, and a generator assembly fixed disk is mounted outside the generator.
所述出风口根据车形外观大小不同, 安装在车辆两侧, 上侧或下侧, 也 可采用于进风口平行, 或者采用平行, 两侧, 上下侧同时出风, 要尽量降低 风阻和提高出风率。  The air outlets are installed on the two sides of the vehicle according to the size of the vehicle shape, and are installed on the upper side or the lower side of the vehicle. The air inlets may be parallel to the air inlets, or parallel, both sides, and the upper and lower sides may simultaneously emit air, and the wind resistance should be reduced as much as possible. Outlet rate.
所述减震器采用阻尼弹簧减震器, 使用数量为四个或六个, 也可采用吊 架式隔震器一个, 并用三至六个拉伸弹簧配合安装, 以达到减震和捕获来风 的目的。  The shock absorber adopts a damper spring damper, which is used in four or six. It can also be used as a hanger type isolator, and is installed with three to six tension springs to achieve shock absorption and capture. The purpose of the wind.
所述飞轮的外径应等于或小于发电机外壳, 以减少风阻, 飞轮和风力机, 发电机是同轴安装的, 依次是风力机, 发电机, 带隔离垫圈的压缩弹簧, 飞 轮, 带垫圈的压缩弹簧, 锁紧机构, 两个压缩弹簧质量相同使夹在中间的飞 轮在垂直旋转时达到平衡。  The outer diameter of the flywheel should be equal to or smaller than the generator casing to reduce windage, flywheel and wind turbine. The generator is coaxially mounted, followed by wind turbine, generator, compression spring with isolation washer, flywheel, with washer The compression spring, the locking mechanism, the two compression springs are of the same mass, so that the flywheel caught in the middle reaches equilibrium when it is rotated vertically.
在所述的飞轮和传动轴一头采用凹凸式安装固定, 传动轴为凸式, 长度 待定, 飞轮中心孔为凹式, 并被夹在两个压缩弹簧中间, 在车辆行驶风车发 电中, 风力机会遇到不同方向和等级的来风, 它通过减震器来实现自动调向, 而飞轮是根据空气升力自动调节所处位置来实现运转平衡的。 The flywheel and the transmission shaft are fixedly fixed by a concave-convex type, and the transmission shaft is convex, and the length is To be determined, the center hole of the flywheel is concave and sandwiched between two compression springs. In the windmill power generation of the vehicle, the wind turbine encounters different directions and grades of wind, and it realizes automatic steering through the shock absorber. The flywheel is automatically balanced according to the air lift to achieve a balanced operation.
其中所述飞轮的另一个作用是通过储存和释放能量来提高发电机运转的 均匀性, 稳定性和克服遇到强对流风所引起的发电机转速突然加快, 停转或 反转, 起到了扼制和缓冲作用。  The other function of the flywheel is to improve the uniformity of the generator operation by storing and releasing energy, and to overcome the sudden increase of the generator speed caused by the encounter of strong convective wind, stop or reverse, and control And buffering effect.
所述风速传感器, 风向传感器以及微处理器均安装在进风口处, 适用于 采用风轮机并安装万向器的风车发电机上, 当车辆正常行驶时, 风速风向传 感器把测量的数据传送给微处理器, 经微处理器输出至中央控制系统装置中 的中央控制器, 由中央控制器对装有伺服电机的万向器进行控制风力机的迎 风方向以获得最佳捕风效果, 以及对风轮机进行变速控制, 使发电机稳定在 正常转速可控制之内。  The wind speed sensor, the wind direction sensor and the microprocessor are all installed at the air inlet, and are applied to a windmill generator using a wind turbine and installing a universal device. When the vehicle is running normally, the wind speed and direction sensor transmits the measured data to the micro processing. The microprocessor outputs to the central controller in the central control system device, and the central controller controls the windward direction of the wind turbine to obtain the optimal wind catching effect, and the wind turbine The shift control is performed to stabilize the generator within the normal speed control.
所述固定架主要是固定和安装减震器与风力发电机总成而用, 根据车形 安装位置不同, 固定架式样也不同。  The fixing frame is mainly used for fixing and installing the shock absorber and the wind power generator assembly, and the fixing frame pattern is different depending on the installation position of the vehicle shape.
所述中央系统装置由整流器, 滤波器, 稳压电路, 中央控制器, 充电供 电控制电路组成。  The central system device is composed of a rectifier, a filter, a voltage stabilizing circuit, a central controller, and a charging and power supply control circuit.
所述整流器和滤波器, 如果采用特种交流发电机, 就要有该配置, 以使 交流电变成纯直流电并进入下一级, 如果采用直流发电机, 就不需要该配置, 直接进入稳压电路。  The rectifier and the filter, if a special alternator is used, this configuration is required to make the alternating current become pure direct current and enter the next stage. If a direct current generator is used, the configuration is not required and directly enters the voltage stabilizing circuit. .
所述稳压电路对来自前级的直流电压进行再滤波和稳压, 使之达到设定 值。  The voltage stabilizing circuit re-filters and stabilizes the DC voltage from the previous stage to reach a set value.
所述中央控制器对来自稳压电路的直流电压电流进行识别取样, 以及对 发电机的转速进行运算, 适时对发电机进行控制, 从而改变它的工作模式和 工作状态, 当发电机的转速超出极限值时, 中央控制器动作终止发电机发电, 使发电机变成机械式的空载转动状态, 以保护发电机不烧坏, 当转速回归到 额定值时, 发电机又开始工作, 依次反复, 当车辆停止行驶时, 中央控制器, 充电供电控制电路自动关闭, 停止工作。  The central controller identifies and samples the DC voltage current from the voltage stabilizing circuit, and calculates the rotational speed of the generator, and controls the generator in time to change its working mode and working state, when the rotational speed of the generator exceeds At the limit value, the central controller stops the generator from generating electricity, so that the generator becomes a mechanical no-load rotation state to protect the generator from burning out. When the speed returns to the rated value, the generator starts to work again and again. When the vehicle stops driving, the central controller, the charging power supply control circuit automatically shuts down and stops working.
所述充电供电控制电路, 安装于风车发电用电池电动车上, 用于辅助电 能源, 以增加行驶里程, 在每次出发前, 都要通过市电把电池组充满电, 这 样才能发挥其高效率, 当电池组满电饱和状态行驶中, 充电供电控制电路在 给电池组充电的同时, 余量就可以供给马达, 使动力马达消耗电池组的电能 源少, 充电供电控制电路与中央控制器和电池组之间是相互配合的。 The charging power supply control circuit is installed on a battery electric vehicle for windmill power generation, and is used for auxiliary electric energy to increase the mileage. Before each departure, the battery pack is fully charged by the commercial power. In order to exert its high efficiency, when the battery pack is fully charged, the charging power supply control circuit can supply the battery while charging the battery pack, so that the power motor consumes less energy of the battery pack, and the charging power supply control The circuit interacts with the central controller and the battery pack.
在本发明中还具有的技术方案是所述发电机可采用水平轴式发电机总 成、 垂直轴式发电机总成、 并在发电机总成外部安装固定盘, 其特征在于: 所述水平轴式发电机总成, 前端为风力机, 所述风力机中心穿过传动轴, 沿 传动轴的风力机一端依次安装发电机、 压缩弹簧组件、 飞轮和锁紧机构。  The technical solution also has the technical solution that the generator can adopt a horizontal shaft generator assembly, a vertical shaft generator assembly, and a fixed disk outside the generator assembly, wherein: the level The shaft generator assembly has a wind turbine at the front end, the wind turbine center passes through the transmission shaft, and the generator, the compression spring assembly, the flywheel and the locking mechanism are sequentially installed along the wind turbine end of the transmission shaft.
所述垂直轴式发电机总成, 前端为风力机, 所述风力机中心穿过传动轴, 沿传动轴的风力机一端依次安装过桥齿轮、 压缩弹簧组件、 飞轮和锁紧机构, 在所述过桥齿轮端连接发电机。  The vertical axis generator assembly has a wind turbine at the front end, the wind turbine center passes through the transmission shaft, and the bridge gear, the compression spring assembly, the flywheel and the locking mechanism are sequentially installed along the wind turbine end of the transmission shaft. The bridge gear end is connected to the generator.
所述压缩弹簧组件为带隔离垫圈的压缩弹簧。  The compression spring assembly is a compression spring with an isolating washer.
所述固定盘包括内固定盘和外固定盘, 在所述内固定盘和外固定盘之间 安装减震器, 减震器的一端安装吊环, 一端安装固定环, 吊环一端和外固定 盘扣接, 固定环一端和内固定盘扣接, 将所述水平轴式发电机总成或垂直轴 式发电机总成安装于内固定盘内。  The fixing plate comprises an inner fixing plate and an outer fixing plate. A shock absorber is arranged between the inner fixing plate and the outer fixing plate. One end of the shock absorber is provided with a lifting ring, one end is fixed with a fixing ring, one end of the lifting ring and the outer fixing plate are fastened. Then, one end of the fixing ring is fastened to the inner fixing plate, and the horizontal shaft generator assembly or the vertical shaft generator assembly is installed in the inner fixing plate.
所述减震器采用阻尼弹簧减震器, 使用数量为四个或六个。  The damper is a damper spring damper and is used in four or six.
所述阻尼弹簧减震器外部为壳体, 固定环和吊环穿过壳体后通过螺栓固 定, 在所述固定环和螺栓之间安装轴承, 用于缓解固定环在受内固定盘晃动 时对阻尼弹簧减震器壳体的损坏; 在所述吊环和螺栓之间设置固定板, 固定 板之间设置弹簧, 用于缓解内固定盘受力时对外固定盘压缩产生的力。  The external part of the damper spring damper is a casing, and the fixing ring and the sling ring are fixed by bolts after passing through the casing, and a bearing is installed between the fixing ring and the bolt to relieve the fixing ring from being shaken by the internal fixing plate The damper spring damper housing is damaged; a fixing plate is arranged between the hoist ring and the bolt, and a spring is arranged between the fixing plate for relieving the force generated by the external fixing plate when the inner fixing plate is stressed.
还具有的技术方案是所述减震器还可以采用的是吊架式隔震器, 使用数 量为一个, 并配备三至六个拉伸弹簧配合安装。  There is also a technical solution in which the shock absorber can also be a hanger type isolator, which is used in one piece and equipped with three to six tension springs.
所述吊架式隔震器在发电机总成外安装固定环, 所述固定环外设置一圈 u 形吊架, U形吊架的两端通过轴套螺栓和吊臂连接, 在所述轴套螺栓和 U形吊 架以及吊臂连接时设置垫片。  The hanger type vibration isolator is provided with a fixing ring outside the generator assembly, and a U-shaped hanger is arranged outside the fixing ring, and both ends of the U-shaped hanger are connected by a sleeve bolt and a boom, Spacers are provided when the bushing bolts are connected to the U-shaped hangers and the booms.
所述吊臂和悬臂轴相连, 通过所述悬臂轴和框架相连, 将所述框架通过 螺栓固定, 从而将发电机总成悬挂起来。  The boom is coupled to the cantilever shaft, and the cantilever shaft is coupled to the frame to secure the frame by bolts to suspend the generator assembly.
所述悬臂轴和吊臂的连接处设置轴承套, 悬臂轴和框架连接处填充橡胶 体, 通过轴承套和橡胶体的配合使用, 缓解发电机总成在受到风力转向时对 用于悬挂固定的物体产生晃动。 A bearing sleeve is arranged at a joint of the cantilever shaft and the boom, and a rubber body is filled at a joint between the cantilever shaft and the frame, and the bearing sleeve and the rubber body are used together to alleviate the generator assembly when subjected to wind power steering. The object used for hanging and fixing causes shaking.
在上述技术方案中, 风车发电系统装置和中央控制系统装置, 充电供电 控制电路, 均可安装在电池电动车, 电池混合电动车上, 在行驶中, 通过自 然风能达到供电和充电的目的, 延长了电池供电时间, 增加了行驶里程, 通 过风车风叶片对风阻的分散, 降低了风的阻力, 在行驶中更稳更快, 更节能, 它可广泛安装应用于电池电动二轮车, 三轮车, 四轮车, 观光车, 浏览车, 船舶和电池电动混合车等。 附图说明:  In the above technical solution, the windmill power generation system device, the central control system device, and the charging power supply control circuit can be installed on the battery electric vehicle and the battery hybrid electric vehicle, and the power supply and the charging are achieved by natural wind energy during driving, and is extended. The battery power supply time increases the mileage. The wind turbine blades disperse the wind resistance, reduce the wind resistance, and are more stable and faster in driving. It is more energy-efficient. It can be widely installed in battery electric two-wheelers and tricycles. Four-wheelers, sightseeing cars, browsing cars, ships and battery electric hybrids. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
图 1为现有专利的结构示意图;  1 is a schematic structural view of a prior patent;
图 2为现有专利的结构示意图;  2 is a schematic structural view of a prior patent;
图 3为现有专利的结构示意图;  3 is a schematic structural view of a prior patent;
图 4为现有专利的结构示意图;  4 is a schematic structural view of a prior patent;
图 5A为不同风向下的风频图;  Figure 5A is a wind-frequency diagram of different winds downward;
图 5B为风向稳定性与风向频次的关系示意图;  Figure 5B is a schematic diagram showing the relationship between wind direction stability and wind direction frequency;
图 5C为障碍物对风力发电机的影响示意图;  Figure 5C is a schematic diagram of the effect of obstacles on the wind turbine;
图 6为本发明中风车发电总流程示意图;  6 is a schematic diagram of a general flow of windmill power generation according to the present invention;
图 7为本发明装置的原理示意图;  Figure 7 is a schematic diagram of the principle of the device of the present invention;
图 8为本发明中水平轴式发电机总成的结构示意图;  Figure 8 is a schematic structural view of a horizontal shaft type generator assembly of the present invention;
图 9为本发明中垂直轴式发电机总成的结构示意图;  Figure 9 is a schematic structural view of a vertical shaft type generator assembly of the present invention;
图 10为用于安装发电机总成固定盘结构示意图;  Figure 10 is a schematic view showing the structure of a fixed disk for mounting a generator assembly;
图 11为图 10中阻尼弹簧减震器结构示意图;  Figure 11 is a schematic structural view of the damper spring damper of Figure 10;
图 12为另一实施例用于悬挂发电机总成的吊架式隔震器结构示意图。 具体实施方式:  Figure 12 is a schematic view showing the structure of a hanger type isolator for suspending a generator assembly according to another embodiment. detailed description:
为了使本发明实现的技术手段、 创作特征、 达成目的与功效易于明白了 解, 下面结合具体实施方式, 并结合本发明的技术方案来进一步阐述本发明。  In order to make the technical means, the authoring features, the achievement of the object and the effect of the present invention easy to understand, the present invention will be further clarified by combining the specific embodiments and the technical solutions of the present invention.
如图 6和图 7所示, 电池电动车用风车发电自供电充电装置, 在电池电动 车的充电供电控制电路、 电池组和动力马达的基础上, 增加风车发电系统装 置和中央控制系统装置, 风车发电系统装置将风能转换成电能, 经过中央控 制系统装置的调控后输送到充电供电控制电路, 连通电池组一起带动动力马 达工作, 实现风车发电自供电。 车辆在正常行驶时, 受车形外观大小不同的 影响会产生诱导气流及正压区和负压区, 所以对风车发电系统装置以及安装 位置十分重要。 As shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the battery electric vehicle uses a windmill to generate a self-powered charging device. On the basis of the charging and power supply control circuit of the battery electric vehicle, the battery pack and the power motor, the windmill power generation system is installed. The central control system device and the windmill power generation system device convert the wind energy into electric energy, and are sent to the charging and power supply control circuit after being controlled by the central control system device, and the battery unit is connected to drive the power motor to work, thereby realizing self-power supply of the windmill. When the vehicle is in normal driving, the induced airflow and positive pressure zone and negative pressure zone will be affected by the different appearance of the car shape, so it is very important for the windmill power generation system device and the installation position.
其中风车发电系统装置由进风口, 风速传感器, 风向传感器, 微处理器, 风力机, 风轮机或飞轮, 发电机, 出风口, 减震器和固定架组成; 中央系统 装置由整流器, 滤波器, 稳压电路, 中央控制器, 充电供电控制电路组成。 风力机通过发电机发电, 将产生的电力经过中央控制器的调控对充电供电控 制电路供电后, 输送给动力马达, 同电动车本身的蓄电池组对电动车进行长 时间的续航供电。  The windmill power generation system consists of an air inlet, a wind speed sensor, a wind direction sensor, a microprocessor, a wind turbine, a wind turbine or a flywheel, a generator, an air outlet, a shock absorber and a fixed frame; the central system device is composed of a rectifier, a filter, The voltage regulator circuit, the central controller, and the charging power supply control circuit are composed. The wind turbine generates electricity through the generator, and the generated electric power is supplied to the power motor through the regulation of the central controller, and then supplied to the power motor, and the battery pack of the electric vehicle itself performs long-term battery power supply to the electric vehicle.
在这里进风口根据车形外观大小不同, 可采用喇叭口状, 椭圆形, 长椭 圆形, 圆形, 也可采用任意形状, 并设有防护网罩, 先从美学的角度考虑外, 防护网罩要考虑尽量不影响风阻和进风。  Here, the air inlet is different according to the shape of the car shape, and can be bell-shaped, elliptical, oblong, round, or any shape, and has a protective net cover, first considering from an aesthetic point of view, the protective net The cover should be considered as far as possible without affecting wind resistance and air intake.
出风口根据车形外观大小不同, 可在车辆两侧, 上侧或下侧, 也可采用 于进风口平行, 或者采用平行, 两侧, 上下侧同时出风, 总之, 在考虑美学 的同时, 还要考虑尽量降低风阻和提高出风率。  The air outlets can be different on the sides of the vehicle, on the upper side or the lower side, or in the air inlets, or in parallel, on both sides, and on the upper and lower sides. In short, in consideration of aesthetics, Also consider minimizing windage and increasing airflow.
对于进风口和出风口而言, 它只是相对的, 而不是绝对的, 比如电动二 轮车, 三轮车和四轮车, 由于它的功率小, 从经济的角度和美学的观点来看, 可采用人们常用的电风扇那样, 安装上防护网, 安全罩, 发电机防腐、 防尘、 防水壳罩, 固定安装架, 在行驶中, 只要达到标称值就可以发电, 并可在同 一辆车安装一台二台或多台小微型风车发电装置以配合功率匹配要求, 只要 符合交通安全, 让人看上去美观舒适就好。  For the air inlet and outlet, it is only relative, not absolute, such as electric two-wheelers, tricycles and four-wheelers. Due to its low power, it can be used from an economic point of view and an aesthetic point of view. Like the electric fans that people use, they are equipped with a protective net, a safety cover, a generator anti-corrosion, dustproof, waterproof cover, and a fixed mounting frame. When driving, they can generate electricity as long as they reach the nominal value, and can be installed in the same car. A two or more small micro windmill power generating units to match the power matching requirements, as long as it meets traffic safety, it makes people look beautiful and comfortable.
风力机根据车形外观大小不同, 发电机功率不同, 以及安装位置不同, 可采用金属, 有色金属, 复合材料注塑而成, 风叶片的形状为翼型及变截面 叶片和等截面叶片两种, 也可采用带变浆器的叶片, s型叶片, 直线形叶片, 风叶片的数量可采用单叶式, 二叶式, 三叶式或多叶式。  The wind turbines are made of metal, non-ferrous metals and composite materials according to the different shapes of the car shape, different generator powers, and different installation positions. The shape of the wind blades is airfoil and variable-section blades and equal-section blades. Blades with a slurry changer, s-type blades, and straight-shaped blades may also be used. The number of wind blades may be single-leaf, two-leaf, three-leaf or multi-leaf.
车辆在正常行驶时, 会遇到不同等级和方向的来风, 以及正风, 侧风, 回流风, 涡流风和雨雪恶劣天气对风叶片产生的影响, 所以要定期对风叶片 的校正和清除沉积物是很有必要的。 从风力和动力学的角度分析, 车辆在直 线行驶时, 空气作用力在行驶向上的风力为空气阻力, 在空气阻力中, 车外 形状空气升力在水平方向的投影就形成了压差和诱导阻力, 根据贝兹理论和 定律, 车外的压差和诱导阻力大约为 50%-90%, 而表面阻力, 内部阻力和干扰 阻力大约为 2%-30%, 由此可见, 在风车发电中, 怎样降低行驶阻力最为关键, 所以我们在进风口和出风口进行研究认为, 降低风阻的方法主要在风叶和出 风口。 When the vehicle is driving normally, it will encounter winds of different grades and directions, as well as the influence of positive wind, crosswind, return wind, vortex wind and bad weather on the wind blades, so it is necessary to regularly wind the blades. Correction and removal of deposits is necessary. From the perspective of wind and dynamics, when the vehicle is traveling in a straight line, the wind force in the upward direction of the air is the air resistance. In the air resistance, the projection of the outer shape air lift in the horizontal direction forms the differential pressure and the induced drag. According to Betz's theory and law, the differential pressure and induced resistance outside the vehicle are about 50%-90%, while the surface resistance, internal resistance and interference resistance are about 2%-30%. It can be seen that in windmill power generation, How to reduce the driving resistance is the most important, so we have studied in the air inlet and outlet, and the methods to reduce the wind resistance are mainly in the blades and outlets.
风轮机里有低速轴, 变速装置, 离合器和高速轴, 根据车形外观大小不 同, 发电机功率及风叶片大小不同, 此装置可采用也可不采用, 比如电池电 动浏览车, 观光车, 由于车型比较大, 车速慢 10-20公里, 就必须有风轮机装 置, 以达到变速比及给动力供电和电池组充电, 而电动二轮, 三轮车, 四轮 车, 时速就比较快 30-120公里, 风轮机里有齿轮变速器传动摩擦造成功率损 失为 8%左右, 以及噪音对环境的污染, 可不采用风轮机, 而采用风力机和发 电机直接相连, 同轴转动。  There are low-speed shafts, transmissions, clutches and high-speed shafts in the wind turbine. Depending on the appearance of the vehicle, the generator power and the size of the wind blades are different. This device may or may not be used, such as battery electric tour car, sightseeing car, due to the model. Larger, the speed is 10-20 km slower, there must be a wind turbine device to achieve the gear ratio and power supply and battery pack charging, while electric two-wheel, tricycle, four-wheeler, the speed is 30-120 km per hour, In the wind turbine, the gear transmission transmission friction causes power loss of about 8%, and noise pollution to the environment. Instead of using a wind turbine, the wind turbine and the generator are directly connected and coaxially rotated.
发电机选用特种交流发电机, 特种直流发电机, 两者均为感应式发电机 和永磁发电机均无刷, 两种发电机任选一种, 大家知道, 任何一种交通动力 工具, 它是通过供油量及化学燃料, 供气量及空气气门和供电量及控制器(电 闸门) 来控制转速速度和承载能力的, 特种发电机也是如此, 根据转速它是 通过中央控制器来控制输出电压和电流以达到设定的额定值附近, 特种发电 机可采用水平轴式 (横轴式)、 垂直轴式 (竖轴式)、 安装方式可采用迎风式或 顺风式, 特种发电机中必须安装测量转速的转速传感器。 车辆在正常行驶时, 由于受地区差异, 气候的影响, 在车用风车发电中, 要综合考虑海拔高度, 空气相对湿度, 空气密度对风车发电的影响, 对选择发电机材质, 质量, 形 状是很有必要的。  The generator uses special alternator, special DC generator, both of which are brushless for induction generator and permanent magnet generator. There is one of two types of generators. As you know, any kind of traffic power tool, it It is controlled by the fuel supply and chemical fuel, gas supply and air valve and power supply and controller (electric gate) to control the speed and load capacity. The same is true for special generators. According to the speed, it is controlled by the central controller. The output voltage and current are close to the set rated value. The special generator can be horizontal axis type (horizontal axis type), vertical axis type (vertical axis type), and the installation method can adopt windward or downwind type, special generator. A speed sensor that measures the speed must be installed. When the vehicle is in normal driving, due to regional differences and climate impacts, in the windmill power generation of vehicles, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the influence of altitude, air relative humidity and air density on windmill power generation, and the choice of generator material, quality, shape is Very necessary.
风速传感器, 风向传感器, 微处理器均安装在进风口处, 它适用于采用 风轮机并安装万向器的风车发电机上, 当车辆正常行驶时, 风速风向传感器 把测量的数据传送给微处理器, 经微处理器输出至中央控制器, 由中央控制 器对装有伺服电机的万向器进行控制风力机的迎风方向以获得最佳捕风效 果, 以及对风轮机进行变速控制, 使发电机稳定在正常转速可控制之内。 固定架主要是固定和安装减震器与风力发电机总成而用, 根据车形安装 位置不同, 固定架式样也不同。 The wind speed sensor, the wind direction sensor and the microprocessor are installed at the air inlet. It is suitable for the wind turbine generator with the wind turbine and the gimbal. When the vehicle is running normally, the wind speed and direction sensor transmits the measured data to the microprocessor. Through the microprocessor output to the central controller, the central controller controls the windward direction of the wind turbine to control the windward direction of the wind turbine to obtain the best wind catching effect, and the speed control of the wind turbine to make the generator Stabilization is within the normal speed control. The fixing frame is mainly used for fixing and installing the shock absorber and the wind turbine generator. The mounting pattern is different depending on the mounting position of the vehicle.
整流器, 滤波器, 如果采用特种交流发电机, 就要有该配置, 以使交流 电变成纯直流电并进入下一级, 如果采用直流发电机, 就不需要该配置, 直 接进入稳压电路。  Rectifier, filter, if a special alternator is used, this configuration is required to make the AC become pure DC and enter the next stage. If a DC generator is used, this configuration is not required and goes directly to the regulator circuit.
稳压电路对来自前级的直流电压进行再滤波和稳压, 使之达到设定值。 中央控制器对来自稳压电路的直流电压电流进行识别取样, 以及对特种 发电机的转速进行运算, 适时对特种发电机进行控制, 从而改变它的工作模 式和工作状态, 当特种发电机的转速超出极限值时, 中央控制器动作终止发 电机发电, 使发电机变成机械式的空载转动状态, 以保护发电机不烧坏, 当 转速回归到额定值时, 发电机又开始工作, 依次反复, 当车辆停止行驶时, 中央控制器, 充电供电控制电路自动关闭, 停止工作。  The voltage regulator circuit re-filters and regulates the DC voltage from the previous stage to reach the set value. The central controller identifies and samples the DC voltage and current from the voltage regulator circuit, and calculates the speed of the special generator, and controls the special generator in time to change its working mode and working state. When the limit value is exceeded, the central controller stops the generator from generating electricity, so that the generator becomes a mechanical no-load rotation state to protect the generator from burning out. When the speed returns to the rated value, the generator starts working again. Repeatedly, when the vehicle stops driving, the central controller, the charging power supply control circuit automatically shuts down and stops working.
充电供电控制电路, 风车发电用在电池电动车上, 它只是辅助电自然能 源, 以增加行驶里程, 所以每次出发前, 都要通过市电把电池组充满电, 这 样才能发挥其高效率, 当电池组满电饱和状态行驶中, 充电供电控制电路在 给电池组充电的同时, 余量就可以供给马达, 使动力马达消耗电池组的电能 源少, 充电供电控制电路与中央控制器和电池组之间是相互配合的。  Charging power supply control circuit, windmill power generation is used in battery electric vehicles. It only supports electric natural energy to increase the mileage. Therefore, before each departure, the battery pack should be fully charged by the mains, so as to achieve its high efficiency. When the battery pack is fully charged, the charging power supply control circuit can supply the battery while charging the battery pack, so that the power motor consumes less energy of the battery pack, and the charging power supply control circuit and the central controller and the battery The groups work together.
减震器可采用阻尼弹簧减震器, 使用数量为四个或六个, 也可采用吊架 式隔震器一个, 并用三至六个拉伸弹簧配合安装, 以达到减震和捕获来风的 目的。 安装减震器主要是固定风力发电机总成而用, 其要求环一周运动自如, 并能倾斜 10度左右。  The damper can be damped spring damper, which can be used in four or six. It can also be used with a hanger type isolator and installed with three to six tension springs to achieve shock absorption and capture. the goal of. The installation of the shock absorber is mainly used for fixing the wind turbine generator assembly, which requires a free movement in a circle and can be tilted by about 10 degrees.
从经济和安全的角度讲, 电动二轮自行车和电动三轮自行车, 最适宜吊 架式隔震器, 减 (隔) 震器的安装可采用天平平衡式, 使它可以扭转和随蛇 形。  From the perspective of economy and safety, electric two-wheeled bicycles and electric three-wheeled bicycles are most suitable for pylon-type isolators. The installation of the damper can be balanced with a balance, so that it can be twisted and snake-shaped.
人们知道任何交通工具都有减震系统, 主要是保护人生安全与舒适度和 设备的损毁率等, 我们的方法是在电动车自有减震的同时, 对风力发电设备 再减震, 以达到行驶发电的配合性。  People know that any vehicle has a shock absorption system, mainly to protect the safety and comfort of life and the damage rate of equipment. Our method is to re-shock the wind power equipment while the electric vehicle has its own shock absorption. The compatibility of driving power generation.
车辆在路面上行驶时, 会遇到路面不平, 颠簸, 障碍物, 上坡, 下坡, 避让, 转弯, 刹车与紧急刹车等, 二次减震对发电设备就会起到很好的保护 作用, 风车发电安装在行驶的车辆上进行旋转发电时, 会遇到车辆不同角度 的变化以及不同方向和风力的来风, 这时减震器会自动倾斜和捕获来风。 When the vehicle is driving on the road, it will encounter uneven road surface, bumps, obstacles, uphill, downhill, evasive, turning, braking and emergency braking. The secondary shock absorption will protect the power generation equipment. Function, when the windmill is installed on a moving vehicle for rotary power generation, it will encounter changes in the vehicle at different angles and winds in different directions and winds. At this time, the shock absorber will automatically tilt and capture the wind.
如图 8和图 9所示, 发电机可采用水平轴式发电机总成、 垂直轴式发电机 总成、 并在发电机总成外部安装固定盘, 水平轴式发电机总成, 前端为风力 机 1, 风力机 1中心穿过传动轴 2, 沿传动轴 2风力机 1的一端依次安装发电机 3、 第一压缩弹簧 4A、 飞轮 5、 第二压缩弹簧 4B和锁紧机构 6。  As shown in Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the generator can adopt a horizontal shaft generator assembly, a vertical shaft generator assembly, and a fixed disk outside the generator assembly, a horizontal shaft generator assembly, and the front end is Wind turbine 1, the center of the wind turbine 1 passes through the transmission shaft 2, and the generator 3, the first compression spring 4A, the flywheel 5, the second compression spring 4B and the locking mechanism 6 are sequentially mounted along one end of the wind turbine 1 of the transmission shaft 2.
垂直轴式发电机总成, 前端为风力机 1, 风力机 1中心穿过传动轴 2, 沿传 动轴 2风力机 1的一端依次安装过桥齿轮 7、 第一压缩弹簧 4A、 飞轮 5、 第二压 缩弹簧 4B和锁紧机构 6, 在过桥齿轮 7端连接发电机 3。  Vertical shaft type generator assembly, the front end is a wind turbine 1, the center of the wind turbine 1 passes through the transmission shaft 2, and the end of the wind turbine 1 along the transmission shaft 2 is sequentially installed with a bridge gear 7, a first compression spring 4A, a flywheel 5, and a The two compression springs 4B and the locking mechanism 6 are connected to the generator 3 at the end of the bridge gear 7.
如图 10和图 11所示, 如何将水平轴式发电机总成或垂直轴式发电机总成 安装稳定、 在这里采用在发电机总成外部安装固定盘方式, 其中固定盘包括 内固定盘 8和外固定盘 9, 在内固定盘 8和外固定盘 9之间安装减震器 10, 减震 器 10的一端安装吊环 101, 一端安装固定环 102, 吊环 101—端和外固定盘 9扣 接, 固定环 102—端和内固定盘 8扣接, 将水平轴式发电机总成或垂直轴式发 电机总成安装于内固定盘 8内。  As shown in Fig. 10 and Fig. 11, how to install the horizontal shaft generator assembly or the vertical shaft generator assembly stably, here, the fixed disk method is installed outside the generator assembly, wherein the fixed plate includes the inner fixed plate 8 and the outer fixed plate 9, between the inner fixed plate 8 and the outer fixed plate 9 is installed with a shock absorber 10, one end of the shock absorber 10 is mounted with a lifting ring 101, one end is mounted with a fixing ring 102, the lifting ring 101 - the end and the outer fixed plate 9 The fastening, the fixing ring 102-end and the inner fixing plate 8 are fastened, and the horizontal shaft generator assembly or the vertical shaft generator assembly is installed in the inner fixing plate 8.
其中减震器 10采用阻尼弹簧减震器, 使用数量为四个或六个, 安装于内 固定盘 8和外固定盘 9之间, 阻尼弹簧减震器外部为壳体 103, 固定环 102和吊 环 101穿过壳体 103后通过螺栓 104固定, 在固定环 102和螺栓 104之间安装轴承 105, 用于缓解固定环 102在受内固定盘 8晃动时对阻尼弹簧减震器壳体 103的 损坏,在吊环 101和螺栓 104之间安装固定板 106,固定板 106之间安装弹簧 107, 用于缓解内固定盘 8受力时对外固定盘 9压缩产生的力。  The damper 10 adopts a damper spring damper, and the number of use is four or six, and is installed between the inner fixed disc 8 and the outer fixed disc 9. The outer part of the damper spring damper is a housing 103, a fixing ring 102 and The lifting ring 101 passes through the housing 103 and is fixed by bolts 104. A bearing 105 is mounted between the fixing ring 102 and the bolt 104 for relieving the fixing ring 102 against the damping spring damper housing 103 when the internal fixing plate 8 is shaken. Damaged, a fixing plate 106 is installed between the lifting ring 101 and the bolt 104, and a spring 107 is mounted between the fixing plate 106 for relieving the force generated by the compression of the external fixing plate 9 when the inner fixing plate 8 is stressed.
如图 12所示, 将水平轴式发电机总成或垂直轴式发电机总成安装稳定还 可以采用吊架式隔震器 11, 使用数量为一个。  As shown in Fig. 12, the horizontal shaft generator assembly or the vertical shaft generator assembly can be stably installed. It is also possible to use a hanger type isolator 11, which is used in one.
吊架式隔震器 11在发电机总成外安装固定环 111, 固定环 111外安装一圈 U 形吊架 112, U形吊架 112的两端通过螺栓 113和吊臂 114连接, 在螺栓 113和 U形 吊架 112以及吊臂 114连接时安装垫片 115。  The hanger type isolator 11 is provided with a fixing ring 111 outside the generator assembly, and a U-shaped hanger 112 is mounted outside the fixing ring 111. Both ends of the U-shaped hanger 112 are connected by bolts 113 and the boom 114. The spacer 115 is mounted when the 113 is connected to the U-shaped hanger 112 and the boom 114.
将吊臂 114和悬臂轴 116相连, 通过悬臂轴 116和框架 117相连, 再将框架 117通过螺栓 113固定, 从而将发电机总成悬挂起来。 悬臂轴 116和吊臂 114的 连接处安装有轴承套 118, 悬臂轴 116和框架 117连接处填充橡胶体 119, 通过 轴承套 118和橡胶体 119的配合使用, 缓解发电机总成在受到风力转向时对用 于悬挂固定的物体产生晃动。 The boom 114 is coupled to the cantilever shaft 116, connected to the frame 117 via the cantilever shaft 116, and the frame 117 is secured by bolts 113 to suspend the generator assembly. A bearing sleeve 118 is mounted at the joint of the cantilever shaft 116 and the boom 114, and the joint of the cantilever shaft 116 and the frame 117 is filled with the rubber body 119, The use of the bearing sleeve 118 and the rubber body 119 eases the sloshing of the generator assembly for suspension fixation when subjected to wind deflection.
再如图 8和图 9所示, 其中飞轮 5的外径等于或小于发电机 3外壳, 以减少 风阻, 飞轮 5和风力机 1, 发电机 3是同轴安装的, 两个压缩弹簧 5A、 5B质量相 同使夹在中间的飞轮 5在垂直旋转时达到平衡。  8 and 9, wherein the outer diameter of the flywheel 5 is equal to or smaller than the outer casing of the generator 3 to reduce the wind resistance, the flywheel 5 and the wind turbine 1, the generator 3 is coaxially mounted, two compression springs 5A, The 5B mass is the same so that the flywheel 5 sandwiched in the middle reaches equilibrium when it is rotated vertically.
本发明的原理是, 我们用影碟机中的碟片做个物理实验, 在静风状态下, 把碟片拿在手中用力沿水平方向抛入空中, 使它快速旋转, 这时我们发现碟 片没有在短时间内下落反而往空中升, 这就是平面物体在水平运动旋转时的 空气升力, 而飞轮就是一个平面圆形飞轮。  The principle of the present invention is that we use a disc in a DVD player as a physical experiment. In the static wind state, the disc is held in the hand and forced into the air horizontally to make it rotate rapidly. At this time, we find the disc. It does not fall in the short time but rises in the air. This is the air lift of a plane object rotating in a horizontal motion, and the flywheel is a flat circular flywheel.
飞轮 5和传动轴 1的一头采用凹凸式安装固定, 传动轴 1为凸式, 飞轮 5中 心孔为凹式, 并被夹在两个压缩弹簧 5A、 5B中间, 在车辆行驶风车发电中, 风力机 1会遇到不同方向和等级的来风, 它通过减震器来实现自动调向, 而飞 轮 5是根据空气升力自动调节所处位置来实现运转平衡的。 同时飞轮 5的另一 个作用是通过储存和释放能量来提高发电机运转的均匀性, 稳定性和克服遇 到强对流风所引起的发电机转速突然加快, 停转或反转, 起到了扼制和缓冲 作用。 从而实现移动中使用的风力发电机, 利用中央控制器, 自动调节的减 震器和平衡飞轮相互配合, 来适应这些变化, 达到平稳发电的目的, 从而完 成行驶中风车发电自供电充电。  One end of the flywheel 5 and the transmission shaft 1 is fixedly fixed by concave and convex, the transmission shaft 1 is convex, the center hole of the flywheel 5 is concave, and is sandwiched between the two compression springs 5A, 5B, in the wind power generation of the vehicle, wind power The machine 1 will encounter different directions and grades of wind, it achieves automatic adjustment through the shock absorber, and the flywheel 5 automatically adjusts the position according to the air lift to achieve the operation balance. At the same time, another function of the flywheel 5 is to improve the uniformity of the generator operation by storing and releasing energy, stability and overcoming the sudden increase of the generator speed caused by the encounter of strong convective wind, stopping or reversing, and thus restraining and Buffering effect. In order to realize the wind power generator used in the movement, the central controller, the automatically adjusted shock absorber and the balance flywheel cooperate with each other to adapt to these changes, and achieve the purpose of smooth power generation, thereby completing the self-powered charging of the windmill generating electricity during driving.
以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理和主要特征和本发明的优点。 本行 业的技术人员应该了解, 本发明不受上述实施例的限制, 上述实施例和说明 书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理, 在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下, 本发明还会有各种变化和改进, 这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范 围内。 本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等效物界定。  The basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention are shown and described above. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited by the foregoing embodiments, and that the present invention is only described in the foregoing embodiments and the description of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Various changes and modifications are intended to fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
1.电池电动车用风车发电自供电充电装置, 在电池电动车的充电供电 控制电路、 电池组和动力马达的基础上, 增加风车发电系统装置和中央控 制系统装置, 其特征在于: 所述风车发电系统装置将风能转换成电能, 经 过中央控制系统装置的调控后输送到充电供电控制电路, 连通电池组一起 带动动力马达工作, 实现风车发电自供电。 1. A battery-powered self-powered charging device for a windmill, an electric power generation control circuit for a battery electric vehicle, a battery pack, and a power motor, wherein a wind turbine power generation system device and a central control system device are added, wherein: the windmill The power generation system device converts the wind energy into electric energy, and is sent to the charging and power supply control circuit after being controlled by the central control system device, and the battery unit is connected to drive the power motor to work, thereby realizing self-power supply of the windmill.
2.根据权利要求 1所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所述 风车发电系统装置由进风口, 风速传感器, 风向传感器, 微处理器, 风力 机, 风轮机或飞轮, 发电机, 出风口, 减震器和固定架组成;  2. The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 1, wherein: said wind power generation system device comprises an air inlet, a wind speed sensor, a wind direction sensor, a microprocessor, a wind turbine, a wind turbine or a flywheel, a generator, Air outlet, shock absorber and fixing frame;
所述进风口采用喇叭口状, 橢圓形, 长橢圓形或圓形, 并在进风口外 部设有防护网罩; 所述出风口安装在车辆两侧, 上侧或下侧, 也可采用于 进风口平行, 或者采用平行, 两侧, 上下侧同时出风;  The air inlet is bell-shaped, elliptical, oblong or round, and a protective net cover is arranged outside the air inlet; the air outlet is installed on both sides of the vehicle, upper side or lower side, and can also be used The air inlets are parallel, or parallel, both sides, and the upper and lower sides are simultaneously ventilated;
所述特制风力机采用金属, 有色金属或复合材料注塑而成, 风力机的 风叶片形状为翼型及变截面叶片和等截面叶片两种, 也可采用带变浆器的 叶片, S型叶片, 直线形叶片, 所述风叶片的数量可采用单叶式, 二叶式, 三叶式或多叶式;  The special wind turbine is made of metal, non-ferrous metal or composite material. The wind blade shape of the wind turbine is airfoil and variable-section blade and equal-section blade, and the blade with the slurry can also be used. a linear blade, the number of the wind blade may be a single leaf type, a two leaf type, a trilobal type or a multi leaf type;
所述发电机为特种交流发电机和特种直流发电机,其中特种交流发电 机和特种直流发电机为感应式发电机和永磁发电机均无刷;  The generator is a special alternator and a special direct current generator, wherein the special alternator and the special direct current generator are brushless for the induction generator and the permanent magnet generator;
所述减震器采用阻尼弹簧减震器, 使用数量为四个或六个, 也可采用 吊架式隔震器一个, 并用三至六个拉伸弹簧配合安装;  The shock absorber adopts a damper spring damper, and the number of use is four or six, and one hanger type isolator can also be used, and is installed with three to six tension springs;
所述飞轮的外径应等于或小于发电机外壳,将所述的飞轮和传动轴一 头采用凹凸式安装固定, 传动轴为凸式, 飞轮中心孔为凹式, 并被夹在两 个压缩弹簧中间;  The outer diameter of the flywheel should be equal to or smaller than the generator casing, and the flywheel and the transmission shaft are fixedly fixed by a concave-convex type, the transmission shaft is convex, the center hole of the flywheel is concave, and is clamped between the two compression springs. Middle
所述风速传感器, 风向传感器以及微处理器均安装在进风口处, 车辆 正常行驶时, 风速风向传感器把测量的数据传送给微处理器, 经微处理器 输出至中央控制系统装置中的中央控制器, 由中央控制器对装有伺服电机 的万向器进行控制风力机的迎风方向以获得最佳捕风效果, 以及对风轮机 进行变速控制, 使发电机稳定在正常转速可控制之内。 The wind speed sensor, the wind direction sensor and the microprocessor are all installed at the air inlet. When the vehicle is running normally, the wind speed and direction sensor transmits the measured data to the microprocessor, and the microprocessor outputs the central control to the central control system device. The central controller controls the windward direction of the wind turbine to control the windward direction of the wind turbine to obtain the best wind catching effect, and the speed control of the wind turbine to stabilize the generator within the normal speed controllable.
3.根据权利要求 2所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所述 发电机可采用水平轴式发电机总成、 垂直轴式发电机总成、 安装方式可采 用迎风式或顺风式, 发电机中需安装测量转速的转速传感器, 并在所述发 电机外部安装发电机总成固定盘。 The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 2, wherein: the generator can adopt a horizontal shaft type generator assembly, a vertical shaft type generator assembly, and an installation method, which can adopt an upwind type or a downwind type. A speed sensor for measuring the rotational speed is installed in the generator, and a generator assembly fixed disk is installed outside the generator.
4.根据权利要求 1所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所述 中央系统装置由整流器, 滤波器, 稳压电路, 中央控制器, 充电供电控制 电路组成;  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 1, wherein: the central system device is composed of a rectifier, a filter, a voltage stabilization circuit, a central controller, and a charging power supply control circuit;
所述稳压电路对来自前级的直流电压进行再滤波和稳压,使之达到设 定值;  The voltage stabilizing circuit re-filters and stabilizes the DC voltage from the front stage to reach a set value;
所述中央控制器对来自稳压电路的直流电压电流进行识别取样,以及 对发电机的转速进行运算, 适时对发电机进行控制, 从而改变它的工作模 式和工作状态。  The central controller identifies and samples the DC voltage current from the voltage stabilizing circuit, and calculates the rotational speed of the generator to control the generator in time to change its working mode and working state.
5.根据权利要求 1所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所述 充电供电控制电路, 安装于风车发电用电池电动车上, 用于辅助电能源, 以增加行驶里程。  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 1, wherein the charging power supply control circuit is mounted on a battery electric vehicle for wind turbine power generation for assisting an electric energy source to increase the mileage.
6.根据权利要求 3所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 所述发电机采用水 平轴式发电机总成、 垂直轴式发电机总成, 其特征在于: 所述水平轴式发 电机总成, 前端为风力机, 所述风力机中心穿过传动轴, 沿传动轴的风力 机一端依次安装发电机、 压缩弹簧组件、 飞轮和锁紧机构;  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 3, wherein the generator uses a horizontal-axis generator assembly and a vertical-axis generator assembly, and is characterized in that: the horizontal-axis generator assembly, The front end is a wind turbine, the wind turbine center passes through the transmission shaft, and the generator, the compression spring assembly, the flywheel and the locking mechanism are sequentially installed along one end of the wind turbine of the transmission shaft;
所述垂直轴式发电机总成, 前端为风力机, 所述风力机中心穿过传动 轴, 沿传动轴的风力机一端依次安装过桥齿轮、 压缩弹簧组件、 飞轮和锁 紧机构, 在所述过桥齿轮端连接发电机。  The vertical axis generator assembly has a wind turbine at the front end, the wind turbine center passes through the transmission shaft, and the bridge gear, the compression spring assembly, the flywheel and the locking mechanism are sequentially installed along the wind turbine end of the transmission shaft. The bridge gear end is connected to the generator.
7.根据权利要求 6所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所述 压缩弹簧组件为带隔离垫圏的压缩弹簧。  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 6, wherein the compression spring assembly is a compression spring with a spacer pad.
8.根据权利要求 3所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所述 固定盘包括内固定盘和外固定盘, 在所述内固定盘和外固定盘之间安装减 震器, 减震器的一端安装吊环, 一端安装固定环, 吊环一端和外固定盘扣 接, 固定环一端和内固定盘扣接, 将所述水平轴式发电机总成或垂直轴式 发电机总成安装于内固定盘内。 The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 3, wherein: the fixed disk comprises an inner fixed disk and an outer fixed disk, and a shock absorber is installed between the inner fixed disk and the outer fixed disk, One end of the shock absorber is installed with a lifting ring, one end is fixed with a fixing ring, one end of the lifting ring is fastened with the outer fixing plate, one end of the fixing ring is fastened with the inner fixing plate, and the horizontal shaft type generator assembly or the vertical shaft type generator assembly is installed. Inside the fixed plate.
9. 根据权利要求 8所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所 述减震器采用阻尼弹簧减震器, 使用数量为四个或六个。 9. The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 8, wherein: the damper is a damper spring damper, and the number of use is four or six.
10.根据权利要求 8所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所 述减震器采用的是吊架式隔震器, 使用数量为一个。  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 8, wherein the shock absorber is a hanger type vibration isolator, and the number of use is one.
11.根据权利要求 10所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所 述吊架式隔震器在发电机总成外安装固定环,所述固定环外设置一圏 U形 吊架, U形吊架的两端通过轴套螺栓和吊臂连接, 在所述轴套螺栓和 U形 吊架以及吊臂连接时设置垫片。  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 10, wherein: the hanger type vibration isolator is provided with a fixing ring outside the generator assembly, and a U-shaped hanger is disposed outside the fixing ring. Both ends of the U-shaped hanger are connected by a bushing bolt and a boom, and a gasket is provided when the bushing bolt and the U-shaped hanger and the boom are connected.
12.根据权利要求 11所述, 风车发电自充电装置, 其特征在于: 所述 U吊架设置了三个拉伸弹簧孔, 拉伸弹簧一端连接 U型吊架, 另一端连接 固定架, 使用数量为三至六个。  The wind power generation self-charging device according to claim 11, wherein: the U hanger is provided with three tension spring holes, one end of the tension spring is connected to the U-shaped hanger, and the other end is connected to the fixing frame, and is used. The number is three to six.
13.根据权利要求 11所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所 述吊臂和悬臂轴相连, 通过所述悬臂轴和框架相连, 将所述框架通过螺栓 固定, 将发电机总成悬挂起来。  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 11, wherein: the boom is connected to a cantilever shaft, and the cantilever shaft is connected to the frame, and the frame is fixed by bolts to connect the generator assembly. Hang up.
14.根据权利要求 12所述风车发电自供电充电装置, 其特征在于: 所 述悬臂轴和吊臂的连接处设置轴承套, 悬臂轴和框架连接处填充橡胶体。  The wind power generation self-powered charging device according to claim 12, wherein a bearing sleeve is disposed at a joint of the cantilever shaft and the boom, and the cantilever shaft and the frame joint are filled with a rubber body.
PCT/CN2012/073552 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Windmill power generation self-powered charging device for battery electric vehicle WO2013149388A1 (en)

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