WO2012134352A2 - Matrix display, variants thereof and method for manufacturing same - Google Patents

Matrix display, variants thereof and method for manufacturing same Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012134352A2
WO2012134352A2 PCT/RU2012/000224 RU2012000224W WO2012134352A2 WO 2012134352 A2 WO2012134352 A2 WO 2012134352A2 RU 2012000224 W RU2012000224 W RU 2012000224W WO 2012134352 A2 WO2012134352 A2 WO 2012134352A2
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WO
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Prior art keywords
screen
matrix
light
light emitters
autonomous
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PCT/RU2012/000224
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French (fr)
Russian (ru)
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WO2012134352A3 (en )
Inventor
Святослав Иванович АРСЕНИЧ
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Arsenich Svyatoslav Ivanovich
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F9/00Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements
    • G09F9/30Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements
    • G09F9/33Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements being semiconductor devices, e.g. diodes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F19/00Miscellaneous advertising or display means not provided for elsewhere
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F9/00Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements
    • G09F9/30Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements
    • G09F9/302Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements characterised by the form or geometrical disposition of the individual elements

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of displays for visual information, for example, in the form of self-luminous screens for cinemas (without projection) and for displaying video and televisual information in theatres, concert halls, video and conference rooms and television studios, and in the form of screens for televisions, home cinemas and computer displays and for other purposes. The proposed matrix displays comprise: a screen with a device for supporting same. The following are secured on the screen: one or more independent video matrices with discrete optoelectronic light emitters and transistor switches (for controlling the brightness of the light emitters), and a matrix of bus-bars for the electrical commutation of said light emitters with electronic switches, a power supply and a controller (for the formation of a full-screen image by a given independent matrix). In a first embodiment, the screen is of a louver design with vertical screen strips. Each screen strip is provided with one or more independent light-emitter video matrices. All of the strips are hung on a rod such that the width of the full screen can be transformed by rotating and separating the strips into the required screen area and format, or such that some or all of the screen strips can be brought together when they are not in use (as in the structure of a louver blind). In another embodiment, the screen with light-emitter video matrices is in the form of a black mesh made from elastic and/or flexible and/or creasable anchoring threads with cells covered with a black material, or with translucent cells and a black backing blind. The screen with translucent, transparent cells can be used for the modern viewing of a screen image and the background behind the screen. The display provides maximum energy savings and the possibility of the group and/or private viewing of the same or different screen images on a common screen by different viewers at different viewing points. The proposed method for manufacturing such displays is highly effective for the rapid industrial mass production of displays using conventional equipment with minimal outlay and using conventional integrated and hybrid technologies.

Description

Matrix Indicator its variants and a method of manufacturing

TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention relates to means for displaying visual information, and more particularly to a matrix display different designs called: indicator, information board, a video screen, video deck, a monitor or a video monitor or display. Proposed bolyneekrannye matrix displays (screen area of ​​more than 1 meter) can be used to display visual information I in the form of screens luminous, placarding, video panels, TV screens, video screens, video monitors. These types of screens can be used indoors and outdoors. These screens can be used for Backdrops machines, theater stages, studios, furniture, walls, ceilings and floors, camouflage clothing for men (with masking by background video image on this garment) videomaskirovochnyh grids for machines and installations materials and coatings and many other applications . The proposed matrix displays with a screen area of ​​less than 1 square meter can be used as: computer displays and monitors, notebook screens, mobile smartphones, phones and video phones, screens, digital camcorders and cameras, screens, video and audio players and mobile phones, as well as indicators: for watch dials, transport and on industrial and domestic machinery and appliances, as flexible and collapsible indicators on clothes.

BACKGROUND.

The dot matrix LCD (liquid crystal) display (LCD-panel) is chosen as the analogue of the invention. Such indicators of direct radiation are also performed in the form of simple indicators for the character, digital and other types of information. To display color video and digital information matrix will function as: display, displays, video screens, displays and video panels. The main elements of modern LCD-displays are as follows: the rear panel backlight (LED-Backlight) containing packages LED light-emitting diodes (LED) primary colors (R - red, the G - green and B - blue), film polarizers on both sides of the cell liquid crystals sealed glazing with cells with a liquid crystal layer and color filter of primary colors (allocated filter out light rays LED-backlight) to produce a color image on the front side of the display. On the front side of the display set protective glass or film anchored to a diffuse light-scattering light-screen flow image within wide observation angles (170 °) and coated with anti-reflective black coating to absorb external parasitic illumination of the screen and enhance contrast. The LCD-displays with active matrix with cells with TFT-TFT LCD, each light modulating element of the matrix screen (pixel) is adapted to control electrodes and the electronic key (TFT-transistor). In matrix LCD with a non-linear control elements (TFT-TFT) and arranged on a substrate LCD elements each LCD display element connected in series with a transistor and controlled by a mosaic manner. A plurality of identical elements are formed at the intersection of two systems of periodical electrode structures (rows and columns systems) arranged mutually orthogonally. Control electrical signals are supplied to the elements of each row sequentially in time with a duty ratio equal to the number of lines for division of the time control signals (scanning lines), providing sufficient contrast and imperceptible to the eye image flicker.

See the book: Basic lectures on electronics (in 2 volumes) Volume I Electrovacuum, plasma and quantum electronics. Sat. under the total. Ed.

VM Proleyko. Moscow:.. Technosphere 2009, pp 211- 216, 218-222, 225-233, 244-253.

The advantages of LCD (LCD) monitors.

Good brightness of 400 cd / m². The wide viewing angle of 170 °. High frame rate of 100 to 400 Hz per second. The image contrast before 1 Mill. Units. Resolution 2560x 1600 pixels and higher. A large area of ​​a LCD screen to 3 sq.m. Shallow depth panel about 20 mm. The low level of the supply voltage and the control voltage of 2-15 V. Low current consumption of a few microamps per cm. Large LCD-panels durability up to 60 thousand hours (determined durability LCD-backlighting Temperature range -.. 20 to + 80 ° C.

Disadvantages of LCD (LCD) monitors.

Transparent safety glass, polished on the front side of the display LCD- much glare. LCD-display provide much poorer color reproduction in comparison with color cathode-ray tubes (CRT). In the dark room contrast is noticeably smaller, and black areas do not reproduce (translucent back illuminated). Large-screens TVs and a matrix LCD panel structurally complex, heavy (protective front glass is thick and heavy) and expensive. The large mass of panels: the screen area of ​​1 m from 40 to 60 kg, and a screen area of ​​3 m is too large weight to 240 kg. The polarized light screen image is unusual for the eyes and tired audience. LCD panels backlight LEDs packages F -svetomodulyatorov, color filters, light modulating LCD translucent layer, black antiglare protection and diffuse light scattering is reduced by two orders of total luminous efficiency that significantly overestimates energy consumption up to 250W /sq.m. When a mechanical failure of the screen or electrical breakdown pixel element The LCD panel is not suitable for repair. Rigid LCDs design does not allow for mechanical transformation of form, area and formats screen, and the screen image transformation light fluxes.

Another analog of the invention is selected LED-panel direct radiation. Matrix LED-lights made in the form of different designs: a scoreboard video screen, monitor, display, and video panels. LED-based panel made of injection LEDs dimensional matrix of rows and columns. To display information (a device in which information is presented on the screen as a set of luminous elements) of each image element emits a light signal only when applying excitation pulse all the electrodes constituting that element. LED-panel video module or each LED-panels are made with the electron-optical system comprising a single color LED -svetodiody (for forming the luminous color video pixels) is rigidly mounted on planar solid supports (in a raster manner formed by the screen image). The LEDs are electrically connected to discrete conductors tire matrix in rows and columns of the raster with the controller (by controlling the LED brightness control signals). LED-panel for rooms or streets contain black matte anti-glare screen. The lenses of LEDs (mounted on the panel) form chart highly directional light diffusion light beams from these light-emitting diodes (within the vertical angle to 45 ° and the horizontal angle 90 °). These lenses are left without a clear anti-reflective coating, so the day of the lenses in the sun much glare (sphere lenses shine in a wide viewing angle), which reduces the contrast of the screen image.

Advantages of LED - panels.

Panels reproduce images with high brightness (night to 1000 cd / m², day 5-10 thousand. Cd / m²) with high contrast only at night (1000 units), and significantly lower contrast at a daily illumination sun screen. LED-panel for building have a small thickness (0.05 - 0.10 m ^). Each LED consumes power in proportion to the brightness of the screen image formed by it pixel. Wide viewing angles up to 170 °. The narrow viewing angles for highly directional light diffusion screen within 45 ° vertically and 90 ° horizontally and more. Long service life (40,000 hours). When a mechanical failure LED-panel and can be repaired outside discrete individual LEDs or LED modules and other elements are replaced fit.

Disadvantages LED - panels are: the high cost of discrete - light emitting diodes (LED) is sufficiently high but steadily decreased. On the panels substantially reduces the contrast and color of the screen image with illumination by the sun (due to sun glare on the lenses LEDs). Therefore day is required in order higher than the night power consumption LED -panels to 1 500 W / sq. m (due to the need to improve on the order of brightness of LEDs 10 000 cd / sq m). Power consumption LED-panels while high or even higher than that of plasma display panels. The high cost of manufacturing LED-panels (increasing proportionally with the number of LEDs for increasing the resolution of the screen image). In conventional manual, time-consuming and laborious assembly of LED-boards, discrete LEDs and an array of discrete conductors collected and assembled half the electrical installation and the conductors with electron-optical elements are brazed manually, which significantly increases the duration and the cost of their production and market value.

As a prototype, is closest in technical essence and achieved result, the indicator is selected based on the matrix of the organic light emitting diode (OLED, OLED). Different firms produce OLED-TVs and mobile phone screens and video players. Simplicity of design and manufacturability is that OLED-displays are adapted LED pixel matrix of thin films of organic compounds. On the surface of these LEDs is applied from the control matrix of rows and columns of electrodes. LED lights up when an electric current. LEDs on the front side coated translucent black anti-glare coating. LEDs diffuse scatter their light to form wide viewing angles (170 °). Simple structure with inexpensive passive display screen brightness control consists of glass or plastic substrate with applied on it with several layers of organic films of blue, green and red colors, plus control electrodes. In a more sophisticated and expensive OLED-displays additional thin-film transistors TFT are used to increase the brightness of the pixel cells luminescence. Such technology "TFT active matrix" is the basis for modern LCD-monitors and OLED-displays. Modern developments OLED materials allow manufacture highly economical display with high brightness of up to 1000 cd / m. Firms are already producing the OLED-TVs and displays with active matrix substrate based on a TFT with a brightness of 300 cd / m². and a diagonal screens up to 42 inches. Made and flexible OLED displays, on the basis of which plan to produce flexible and coagulation in a tube screens and video camouflage clothing and coverings for vehicles and tanks to make them invisible.

The advantage OLED- displays are high quality screen images (halftone color range RGB primary colors is wider by 50% than that of TFT-LCDs) and even quality than CRT displays. High image contrast. The wide viewing angle of 170 °. Lack of persistence. Low power consumption at a low voltage (2-10 V). In the long term predictor OLED-display brightness up to 1000 cd / m², the luminous efficacy of 50 lm / W, service life up to 10,000 hours. OLED-displays (compared to LED- displays) more manufacturable, consume less power, have a lower cost and in mass production must be very cheap.

Disadvantages OLED displays are unresolved technological questions of creation of OLED displays with large screen sizes. Known designs svetomodulyatorov raster displays with screens provide bending, but exclude the possibility of mechanical transformation shape, area, and the screen image format transformation and the light fluxes, OLED-matrix. Matrix OLED-display screens are not suitable for repair.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION.

The object of the invention is to provide a highly competitive matrix indicators new and higher than that of analogues parameters with minimal thickness and weight and maximum visual quality of displayed information, with the maximum energy saving and autonomous power supply from solar batteries with minimum cost mass production of these indicators aim and one object of the invention according to independent claims Nos. 1, 10 and 18 is to provide a formula for this optimum designs matrix indicators and effective and technologically advanced methods for their industrial mass production. It is necessary to provide a new and increased technical parameters, such as: the possibility for viewers by multiple operational and easily convert the screen, and luminous fluxes from the screen (matrix display, monitor, display, or TV) to: changes in the position indicator: geometrical shapes, squares and the screen image formats for monitoring full-frame images with no "trimming frame black fields", without losing the color, for the formation of fixed raster formats svetoizl ents with minimal geometric distortions, with maximum clarity and full high definition. This significantly increases the comfort of the audience individually and collectively monitoring screen images. An additional possibility is the general purpose convolution matrix or assembly of the indicator in the minimum area or volume in the inoperative position, and means

An additional single technical result according to claim. 2 or p. 11 claims is constructively combining matrix display screen with a matrix of sensors to enable touch selection control video information and picture parameter viewer or user touch sensors on the display screen.

An additional technical result according to claim. 3 or p. 12 claims is a technical provision for the simultaneous formation of highly directional light screen image streams in different narrow sector or in a sufficiently broad sector of observation of the image viewer to significantly increase energy efficiency, and the possibility of simultaneous individual or collective surveillance identical or different full-screen images by different viewers located in the broad sector or time GOVERNMENTAL narrow sectors of observation.

An additional technical result according to claim. 4, the formula of the invention is technical support capabilities to the viewer multiply rapidly and simplified mechanically manually and / or semi-automatically and / or automatically controlled transformation and the directivity pattern of angles orientation veiling light flux display full screen images formed by one or more autonomous matrix light emitters on a shared screen display in a given sector of the audience observing the screen PICTURE zheny.

An additional single technical result according to claim. 5, or n. 13 claims is a technical support capabilities to the viewer multiply quickly and simplistically electrically manually and / or semi-automatically and / or automatically controlled transformation and the directivity pattern of angles orientation veiling light flux display full screen images formed one or more light emitters autonomous arrays on a common display screen in a predetermined sector of observation viewers Crane image.

An additional single technical result according to claim. 6 or n. 14 claims is a technical support optimal viewing angles screen images for different viewers located at different distances from a large screen plane and different distances from the optical axis of the screen. This provides the possibility of simultaneous observation of all the spectators of the same or different screen images from various sectors with a maximum angle field of view and high resolution without noticeable pixel structures of screen images. This provides the possibility of simultaneous observations of all the spectators of the same or different screen images from various sectors.

An additional single technical result according to claim. 7 n. 15 claims is minimal technical support keystone geometrical distortion screen images for viewers located at different distances from a large screen plane and at different distances from the optical axis of the screen. This provides the possibility of simultaneous observations of all the spectators of the same or different screen images from various sectors.

An additional single technical result according to claim 8 or claim 16 of the invention is the technical maximize absorption screen ray external parasitic illumination of the screen from the front and back sides to increase the contrast, sharpness and color fidelity of screen images observed under bright illumination light and an electric screen for the sun.

An additional single technical result according to claim. 9 or n. 17 claims is a technical maximize absorption screen ray external parasitic screen backlight to the front and rear sides and simultaneously ensuring partial or clear visibility viewer background behind the screen or partial screen transparency for people located with the back side of the screen.

An additional technical result according to claim. 18 claims logistics effective method of manufacturing matrix display with high processability and productivity, with minimal labor costs, with minimal cost mass production of high-quality and high-efficiency operation of matrix displays.

An additional technical result according to claim. 19 claims is to improve processability and additional reduction in labor and cost due to mass production of the proposed tooling and efficient manufacturing methods and indicators of discrete matrices.

According p. 1 Formula invention in the first embodiment, a matrix display screen comprising a support device for forming and fixing the geometrical shape and spatial orientation of the screen. The screen is fixed matrix with cells. In these cells arranged anchored discrete electro-optical light emitter forming pixels of the screen image observation with the electronic keys, electronic keys are used for the electronic level control of brightness of these light emitters .. The screen is also fixed matrix tire from conductors for the electrical switching of each light emitter with a corresponding specific electronic key and switching of these light emitters and electronic switches to the power source and control erom, a power source and a controller. The controller is designed to form the electronic key control signals control the brightness of these light emitters. A light emitter arranged on the screen in a raster manner to form the pixels of the observed screen image with a predetermined geometric shape with an area and the format of the screen image as the light emitters are used, e.g., light-emitting semiconductor diodes (LED, LED) or organic light emitting diodes (OLED, OLED) from the transistor electronic keys (TFT).

The essential common features with identical features which distinguish the claimed matrix indicator from the prototype the following features are all alternative designs: Screen matrix display structurally divided into parts, made for example in square or rectangular form or in a vertical or horizontal display bands of the "venetian blind ". All of the screen fastened to the support structure of this screen, with mechanical transformation geometric shape, area and / or the OSD image format at the operating status indicators, as well as to compress, verification, screen disassembly into parts and assembling these parts, stack or pack to significantly reduce the size of the screen in the idle state of the indicator. For this purpose, for example, in the first embodiment all the adjacent display screen portion formed one-piece with the joints for joining adjacent ends of the pieces of screens closely (to stealth these joints viewers). For this mating joints of adjacent parts of screen are joined or crushes the flexible elastic threads or material at the same time designated in both of these joints of adjacent parts, with multiple free bending and / or stretching the mutual joints in these parts. Matrix light emitters of these parts are electrically connected to flexible wires of the matrix buses. All parts of the screens are fixed to the supporting device with the possibility of multiple displacement, rotation, razdvizhki and folding these portions of the screen in an "accordion". In another embodiment, all matrix display adjacent portions of the screen are made with detachable joints for detachable mechanical joining of adjacent screen units closely ends (stealth to these joints viewers). To this end, each of the screen comprises a matrix of light emitters with the autonomous electronic key and the controller for forming part of the screen in this area of ​​the screen. Each part of the screen is formed with the ends for detachable accurate docking adjacent ends of adjacent parts of the screen (up stealth these viewers joints). All parts of the screens are fixed to the supporting device in the form of "shutters" to repeatedly free displacement, rotation and folding razdvizhki these display strips similar rotation, extendable, Sdvizhkov louver strips. In alternate embodiments, the matrix indicators structurally differ only in the shape of portions of the screen, for example: In the first embodiment, each of the indicator portion of its screen is formed of a square shape. These parts of the screen are made with detachable or non-detachable joints. In the operative position of the screen are assembled horizontally and / or vertically into a single full-screen system optimum for the selected viewer format geometric shape and area and are fixed to the support structure, e.g., hung: on the ledge, on the ceiling, wall or on the portable stand . In another embodiment, each of the indicator portion of its screen is formed in a rectangular shape. In the third embodiment, the screen is made in the form of vertical or horizontal strips divided screen. For example, the screen can be is minimized and compressed into a compact package for the type of compression of an accordion, or the screen can be disassembled into parts, and these parts are stacked.

. According to claim 10 of the claims second alternative embodiment of the indicator matrix structure matrix display according to claim 1 comprising the following claims identical known features:. The matrix display comprises a screen with a supporting device for forming and fixing the geometrical shape and spatial orientation of the screen. The screen is fixed matrix with cells. In these cells arranged anchored discrete electro-optical light emitter forming pixels of the screen image observation with the electronic keys, electronic keys are used for the electronic level control of brightness of these light emitters .. The screen is also fixed matrix tire from conductors for the electrical switching of each light emitter with a corresponding specific electronic key and switching of these light emitters and electronic switches to the power source and control erom, a power source and a controller. The controller is designed to form the electronic key control signals control the brightness of these light emitters. A light emitter arranged on the screen in a raster manner to form the pixels of the observed screen image with a predetermined geometric shape with an area and the format of the screen image as the light emitters are used, e.g., light-emitting semiconductor diodes (LED, LED) or organic light emitting diodes (OLED, OLED) with transistor electronic keys (TFT). Essential features that distinguish this variant matrix display of the prototype are the following features: The screen in each cell of the matrix LED light emitter with an electronic key and conductors bus matrix mounted movable relative to the adjacent light emitters with electronic keys and the conductors of the matrix buses. For this mobility in the light emitter cell with electronic keys and guides in each cell are made with the installation dimensions smaller than the size of the cell, and the conductors of the matrix buses are in the form of flexible tabs. In the first embodiment of the indicator according to claim. 10 of its screen is made of an elastic, flexible material or crushes, e.g., films, fabrics or meshes. In another embodiment of the indicator according to claim 10 on its screen mounted vertically and / or horizontally elastic threads for independent compression of the screen and the screen are fixed or collapsible flexible inextensible yarn for the fixed stretching of the screen, for example, for formation of exact dimensions raster cells and raster screen image . In all of these embodiments, a reference display device configured similarly to embodiments indicator according to Claim. 1, with the transformation of mechanical viewer screen shape, area and size of the OSD image, and also to compress or fold the screen in the inoperative position indicator. . Alternate embodiments support matrix indicator devices according to claim 10 provide a single technical result: forming a fixed geometric shape, area, and the screen format and fixing spatial orientation of the screen. The structural differences between these options:

- supporting the screen device is in the form of a rigid contour of the substrate or frame on which are mounted retainers in the form of needles, hooks, Velcro, etc. of elements of the mesh or cloth screen in the operating position of the screen by this support device;.

- supporting the screen device is configured as an inflatable support pad for fixing the cushion screen indicator over the entire surface or on a contour;

- supporting the screen device is designed as aerostatic or cushion contour aerostatic balloon for fixing stretching screen shape and support screen indicator in the air;

- on the reference display device and the display screen generated magnetic latches for securing these retainers screen over the entire area or contour of the supporting device;

- supporting the screen device is in the form of a horizontal curtain rod with clamps for vertical support and gravitational drawing own weight of the screen, with horizontal scanning made of cloth or mesh flexible screen or crease in the working position and fold the screen in the inoperative position, like curtains or curtain structure on a stage;

- supporting the screen device is in the form of a horizontal pipe telescopically retractable screen indicator for tension in the operative position of the screen and screed in the inoperative position;

- supporting the screen device configured as a coil for unwinding the screen with the coil in the operating position and convolution winding of the screen onto the spool in an inoperative position; - supporting the screen device is in the form of flat, contoured or helical springs enshrined the screen contour for unrolling the screen in the working position and fold these springs screen.

. According to claim 2 of the claims matrix indicator according to claim 1 and according to claim 11 claims a matrix display of claim 10 made with the following additional differences:... In a first embodiment of matrix display on its screen is superimposed and fixed or technologically formed together with the matrix indicator light emitters matrix with a matrix of sensors of tires of the conductors. The conductors are designed for electrical switching of the sensors to a power source and a controller for touch sensors. sensors controller for reading the electrical information signals from these sensors and transmit the signals to a computer or other video electronics connected to this indicator for automatic display control information on a matrix display screen.

According p.Z matrix indicator according to claim. 1 and 2 as well as according to claim. 12 claims LED matrix according to claim. 10 and claims 11 configured with additional differences: a matrix of light emitters to form one full-screen image is set in the first embodiment of the indicator on its screen. In the matrix, each light emitter is provided with one mono color light source and one optical light condenser lens. Condenser optically conjugate with the light source for focusing and orientation of the light beam of the light source of the light emitter in the settlement fullscreen image observation sector. In another embodiment, one light emitters matrix to form one full-screen image is formed on the display screen. In each cell of the matrix have a color light emitter, for example, RGB- LED with three primary colors of light sources: R-red, the G-green and in blue, forming the RGB-pixel full-color screen display. This light emitter formed with a common condenser lens focon-light. Focon is designed as a truncated pyramid with a focusing mirror side faces and wide transparent input window at the base of the pyramid and a narrow exit window in the section plane of the pyramid. Optical condenser optically conjugate with these RGB light -source, so that a wide input window covering focon RGB-pixel considering capture information and contraction mirrored lateral surfaces focon condenser RGB- light beams of all pixels in the narrow exit window of focon. Output window focon optically conjugate with the focal plane of a positive lens of the condenser to the focus and orientation of the light beams of the lens in the settlement sector monitoring full-screen color image (formed by all of the diffuser of the matrix). In a third embodiment, several autonomous matrices colored light emitters to form a matrix each autonomous individual or common full screen image on the screen display on the total area forming a full-screen image superimposed. For example, each light emitter consists of a single mono color LED light source. In another embodiment, each single cell formed by three Mono-LED (one R-red, another G-green color, or the third in blue, forming in this cell co full color RGB-pixel screen image. All LEDs each autonomous matrix form the same or individual full-screen image. In each autonomous each matrix LED Mono-made to the individual lens condenser light, optically conjugated with this LED light source with focusing and taking into account orientation of the lens of the condenser of the light beam from the LED in the corresponding sector of the screen image observation (generated by all light emitters of the matrix). In the fourth embodiment, several autonomous matrices light emitters formed on the display screen to form each autonomous matrix common or individual screen images. Each display cell is set group light emitters (one colored light emitter of each autonomous matrix). For example, in a cell established by one color from each LED RGB- autonomous matrix. Each LED is configured with three light sources of red R-color, G-color and green-blue in color, forming a color pixel RGB-screen image to form a full color pixel of the display image. Each RGB-light emitter adapted to be common to its RGB-light sources focon-lens condenser light optically conjugate with the three light sources of RGB-light emitter (RGB-LED) for focusing and orientation of all the light beams of RGB-light emitter in the settlement sector full-screen color image observation. In the fifth embodiment, several autonomous matrices RGB-light emitters for forming each auxiliary battery or matrix of identical individual images formed on the display screen. In this screen, each cell group is set RGB-colored light emitters, for example, one RGB-color LED is formed from each full color pixel autonomous basic RGB-colors. This group of RGB-light emitters is provided with a common-focon light condenser lens, with each color RGB-LED individual Fauconnier closed for gripping and concentration in the exit window of focon RGB-rays of RGB- LEDs, and the condenser lens is optically conjugate with all individual output windows of Faucon for separate focus and orientation of the lens, the light beam of a certain RGB-color LED in the corresponding sector of the screen image observation, formed by all the LEDs of the car ohm matrix; wherein the optical system all light emitters to condensers light indicators for all variants with autonomous matrices is configured to select different versions of the viewer observing the image display, such as a full screen image observation in any narrow sector, which is formed of an autonomous matrix light emitters; collective observation of one full screen image observation in a wide sector formed from multiple narrow sectors of the same observation screen images formed by several autonomous matrices; simultaneous monitoring by different viewers in different sectors of different full-screen images formed by the different light emitters autonomous matrices.

According to claim 4 of p.Z matrix indicator comprises a screen on a common matrix with light emitters the optical condenser for focusing and orientation of the light beams of these light emitters. In another embodiment, the matrix contains an indicator on a shared screen several autonomous matrices with individual light emitters optical condensers light beams of these light emitters separately for each autonomous matrix. For example, in any one autonomous matrix, each RGB-LED (RGB-colors), which forms a color pixel of the screen image is made with a common-focon condenser lens for focusing and orientation of the light beam of only one LED. The indicator has additional differences: For autonomous transformation of light beams of different autonomous matrices all light emitters each one autonomous matrix condensers mounted on a single pivot mechanism for simultaneous simultaneous horizontal and / or vertical rotation of light emitters with condensers to the bank angle of orientation of the light beams in the requested sector surveillance screen image viewers. For example: In the first embodiment, the indicator turning mechanism is configured with a manual drive for manual viewer orientation regulating light beams using this rotating mechanism. In another embodiment, the indicator on the viewer and / or manual remote control this indicator is set to form the alarm signal remotely the orientation of light beams that the turning mechanism. For this purpose, the display of these signals the receiver is set and the associated rotating mechanism avtoregulyator receiver autonomous light emitters matrices. Using the remote viewer is provided a semi-automatic or automatic remote control avtoregulyator rotating mechanism for orienting the light beams in the respective sector viewers observation screen images (formed by these autonomous matrices).

According p. 5 claims p.Z matrix indicator on, and also according to claim 13 according to claim. 12 matrix indicator comprises a screen on the total number of independent matrices light emitters with concentrators light beams of these light emitters. Light emitter used for focusing and orientation of the light beams from the light emitters of each particular battery matrix in the corresponding sector of the screen image observation formed by this matrix. The indicator has the following additional differences: In the indicator is set these autonomous electronic switch matrix for transforming light indicator streams taking into account the possibility of choice for this observation respective viewer display images. For example: In the first embodiment the indicator is set autonomous switch matrices for manual switching matrices viewer autonomous light emitters. In another embodiment, on the viewer and / or manual remote viewer remote control this indicator is set to form the alarm signal autonomous remote switching matrices. The display of these signals the receiver is set and the associated receiver autonomous avtopereklyuchatel these matrices. This indicator control system is arranged to semi-automatic and / or automatic switching matrix required battery light emitters forming a screen display in the required sectors viewers location.

According to claim 6 of the invention a matrix display according to any one of claims. 3, 4, 5, and also according to claim 14 matrix indicator of claims 12, 13 has the following additional differences: In the large screen several autonomous matrices light emitters mounted light concentrators for the simultaneous formation of common and / or individual display of images in different sectors of observation. One matrix is ​​formed on the entire screen of the matrix to form a full-screen image observed on the entire screen. Other autonomous matrix located on separate portions of the screen for forming each particular battery fullscreen image matrix corresponding to the screen. Squares and arrangement matrices on the screen made in view of formation of a specific matrix each corresponding sector for comfortable observation of images. This bolyneekranny indicator or projection screen is configured, for example, possible: full-screen image observation viewers on a small part of the screen of the sector located at a minimum distance from the center of the screen; observation viewers another full-screen image on the screen of most of the sector, which is located at an average distance from the center of the screen; and monitor full-screen images on the entire screen, from the sector as much as possible away from the center of maximum screen area. Such a system for generating a complex image on a common screen big screen is optimal for large concert halls and cinemas, as they provide increased visual comfort of spectators. This will eliminate the visual discomfort viewers because visibility of the pixel structure and the trapezoidal distortion when viewing the enlarged image of the screen image on the forefront of the side and seats.

According p. 7 of the invention of formula matrix indicator according to any one of claims. . 3, 4 and 5 as well as according to claim 15 of the claims for the matrix display of claims 12, 13 has the following additional differences: the screen comprises in general several autonomous matrices light emitters with the optical condenser of the light beams of these light emitters, guide the light beams from the light emitters of each particular autonomous matrix in the corresponding sector of the screen image observation lamp is characterized in that one autonomous matrix formed with a rectangular aspect ratio light emitters with light fluxes. These luminous fluxes are oriented in a sector of observation of the screen image viewers that are closer to the main optical axis through the center of the screen, or closer to the main optical axis through the center of the full-screen image on the screen. Other autonomous matrix formed with a trapezoidal frame format with light fluxes light emitters oriented in the sector observing the audience display screens located at the sides of the main optical axes through the center of the whole screen or full-screen through the centers of the images on the screen. For all the spectators before the screen in any sector provides increased visual comfort of observation full-screen images by reducing the trapezoidal distortion of the frame.

According p. 8 of formula indicator matrix invention according to any one of claims. 1, 2 and 3, as well as according to claim. 16 claims matrix indicator according to any one of claims. 11, 12 and 13 has the following additional differences: All the surfaces visible to a viewer screen elements: light emitters, busbars, optical condensers light material or filaments of the grid screen, colored black by the viewer visible. In an alternative embodiment, at each optical condenser matt black antiglare mask can be fixed instead of anti-reflective coating. Thus in both cases in the area of ​​anti-glare protection at the focal point it formed a transparent exit window Smaller condenser light emitters of light beams. LED screen with a matt black mesh for a complete anti-glare screen protectors designed to be positioned on a black background or black on the outside of the anti-glare surface or material.

According p. 9 Formula matrix indicator of the invention according to any one of claims. 1, 2 and 3, as well as according to claim. 17 claims matrix indicator according to any one of claims. 10, 11 and 12 has the following additional differences: a light emitter and power bus on the screen with the visible viewer side, painted matt black color, each lens optical condenser of the light from the visible viewer is painted matte black paint or closed matt black antiglare mask . In the area of ​​anti-glare protection on each condenser is transparent exit window minimum area at the focal point of the light beam that the condenser light emitters. Square matrix display cells between the light emitters and conductors are made transparent or luminal. The screen is intended for its arrangement on a transparent material or in the air with the possibility of observation through the cell pattern of the background screen.

. According to claim 18 of the claims a method of manufacturing matrix display according to any one of claims 1, 2 and 3, or claims 10, 11 and 12 includes integral and hybrid technology: the manufacture of the indicator matrix with discrete elements: a light emitter, electronic keys, pads and electric conductors tire matrix or a similar co-production indicator matrix with the matrix of discrete sensors to the bonding pads and the die, and busbar terminals fixed electrical conductors tire switched matrix kontaktnmi these sites. The method also includes the subsequent binding of these matrices on the screen display, the tire connection matrices to the controller and power supply and subsequent fastening of the screen display on the supporting structure for forming the shape, area and size of the screen and the raster screen image, with transform this screen.

The method is characterized in that prefabricated screen in the form of an elastic or crushes the material or in the form of an elastic mesh or crushes performed with transparent or luminal cells and stained in a matte black color for an antiglare protection screen. In the jig for forming the indicator with retainers for fixing the indicator cell array transformed with this screen and fastened to the desired shape with the fixed conductor and the step size of the raster display cells to form one or more autonomous indicator matrix and the matrix of sensors. The calculated points on the screen material to form the discrete elements of the indicator matrix print discrete dielectric substrate. For the substrate use different liquid materials, e.g., samopolimerizuyuschuyusya or termopolimerizuyuschuyusya plastic or liquid photopolymer painted in black antiglare color. In the polymerization deformable substrates on the side of formation of the indicator elements are formed integral stamped flat surface. Produce polymerization of the substrate material for its self-curing and fixing to the screen material. These flat surfaces are glued contact areas. When using a transparent organic light emitting diodes on the substrate under an area of ​​the transparent organic LED light source is formed a mirror area for reflecting the light of the LEDs on the back side. Then, the integrated technology print printer or formed integral microdispenser one layer of mono color R, G, and B colors or the three-layer (RGB-colors) OLEDs (on the substrate a first layer of LEDs R-color, on this layer a layer of LEDs G-color, and the top The LED-layer color or in a different order of layers). Hybrid integrated technology reinforce finished semiconductor light-emitting diodes R, G, and B colors, ready to discrete electronic transistor switches and sensors. Then, on the substrate of integrated technology simultaneously glued all of the discrete lens optical condensers light (light-emitting diodes for focusing light beams) with anti-glare matte-finished black mask with transparent output window. In an alternative embodiment, on the surfaces of the light condensers is set transparent print zone exit ports integral printer or a stamp anti-reflective matte black coating with transparent output window. Preliminary on the jig to form the matrix tire clamps for fixing the coordinate conductors are integrally fixed all preform conductors. These integral stamped blank is bent to form tabs and cut into discrete conductors at certain points of the terminal arrangement of conductors on the respective contact areas (for electrical switching matrix indicator elements and sensors). The jig for manufacturing tires matrix with ready discrete conductors aligned with the conductor to form the indicator with ready discrete light emitters with electronic keys and touch sensors prepared with electronic keys in accurate register each certain discrete output conductor to the corresponding connecting pad. Integral method are soldered or welded by laser welding or a conductive adhesive glued to these findings conductors to their pads. Thereafter, all latches jig for manufacturing an array of tires simultaneously disconnected from the conductors of the conductor and is removed from the jig for manufacturing the indicator. In another embodiment, instead of forming the above-mentioned antiglare protection technology using the photomask manufacturing technology for maximum antiglare protection due Smaller transparent output window. For example: in the finished matrix indicator light on the optical condensers photographic emulsion or photoresist is applied to all LEDs fotoeksponiruyut established under this condenser. Then, the photoresist is developed photographic emulsion or Photographic developer to obtain a matte-black output photomask with transparent windows. For durability or photographic emulsion photoresist photomask to chemically zadublivayut for stability under mechanical abrasion, humidity and heat.

. According to claim 19 of formula, the method according to claim 18, characterized by the following additional feature:. Discrete elements: a substrate, a light emitter with transistor switches and optical condensers, sensors with electronic keys and contact pads made on the whole substrate with minimal technological process area. On this substrate, a fixing layer is applied, which temporarily fix all these elements on the substrate. Then, on the substrate is carried out processes for the formation and assembly of the discrete elements of the matrix pixel elements ready light emitters and sensors. Then, using a jig with vacuum or sticky or magnetic retainers Adjustible discrete, fixed on the fixed-stretchable and elastically compressible support to the structure, for example, of similar design display screen of claim 2. These latches retain elements ready to process the substrate. After that, all these elements are detached from the substrate by dissolving or technological otslaivaya fixing layer on the substrate and is removed from the substrate process them. Then the conductor grips diluted with retaining elements on the points on the screen cells with pre Allocated adhesive. Paste all of these elements to these cells display. Then jig with fixed on it discrete conductors tire matrix is ​​applied to the conductor with ready-pixel elements to align the contact pads with the findings of discrete conductors. Integrated technologies for soldering or welding or gluing the conductive adhesive of the conductors to the pads. Then, both the conductor is removed from the pixel elements with the conductors and a screen. There are other possible sequences technological processes of formation and assembly elements and indicator matrices themselves, as well as other equipment and accessories for similar technologies and mass production of the unit matrix indicators.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS.

Figure 1 depicts a display matrix with a support device of the "louver" or "bunching" the area for the horizontal transformation and the screen format. Figure 1a and in the form A (top view of FIG. 1a) depicts a matrix display screen of the display vertical strips perpendicular to the rotated screen plane and collected in a minimum package volume in the inoperative position. Figures 16, 1C and 1D with species A shown deployed in the plane of display screen in the operating position for forming the different screen image formats.

Figure 2 A depicts a matrix display screen with a mesh transformable (luminal cells with transformable light emitters of the matrix with the sensor matrices and tires) compressed in the minimum area in the inoperative position. Figure 2 on the kinds of B, C and D are shown in the unfolded operating position indicator mesh screens to form the different areas and the screen image formats. Figure 2 illustrates a transformed A1 (with the compressed area of ​​the cell) for the disconnected position luminal cell mesh screen with a matrix of light emitters, sensors and flexible matrix busbars. Figure 2 illustrates a transformed A2 (a stretched area of ​​the cell) to the operating position of the luminal cell operating condition the screen.

Figure 3 shows the structure of a pixel element of the matrix display from one R-LED is red, or G-green or blue color B, open to diffusely scattered radiation in the screen image observation sector from viewers antiglare protection screen ..

Figure 4 shows the structure of one pixel element of the matrix display from one LED R-red, or G-green, or B-blue closed lens optical condenser and antiglare mask for optically forming highly directional radiation in the screen image observation sector viewers with antiglare screen protector .

Figure 5 shows the structure of one pixel element of the matrix display with three LEDs R-red, G-green and blue colors B are open to diffusely scattered radiation in the screen image observation sector from viewers antiglare protection screen.

Figure 6 shows the structure of one pixel element of the matrix display of the three LEDs R-red, G-green and in blue. All these LEDs are closed hollow Fauconnier mirror lens with optical condenser and anti-glare mask for the formation of highly directional optical radiation in the sector of observation of the screen image viewer with anti-glare screen protector.

Figure 7 shows a side view of one design of viewers integrated pixel structure matrix display module comprising three LEDs R-red, G-green and in blue in each module. LEDs closed hollow focon triple mirror with an optical condenser lens and the optical antiglare mask for forming three separate certain highly directional radiation flux focused separately at appropriate sector to simultaneously observe different viewers of screen images. This screen mask provided antiglare protection screen for improving image contrast. Figure 7 shows the section along A-A and section B-B shown konstruktivno- optical layout of the pixel element.

Figure 7 shows the form E at the rear side of the pixel element substrate with fixed on it and the elastic threads for fixing crushes fixed screen transformation of cells.

Figure 7 shows the section along C-C illustrates a general arrangement of a substrate with three LEDs planar and planar electrical conductors and contact pads and ELECTRON transistor switches.

Figure 7 depicts a section along DD this pixel element with a view (from the plane of output windows) output windows and side mirror facets Fauconnier three (for a concentration of light beams with different triads of LEDs in the three point light source to a common condenser lens).

Figure 8 kinds of B, A1 and A2 shows a "venetian blind" type matrix display structure for rotatably pixel element on the screen with a view to manual or automatic adjustment of the horizontal deflection angle of the light screen image streams.

Figure 9 shows the optical scheme of a large movie screen with three independent matrices in three different parts of the screen to monitor the audience full-screen images to different parts of the screen of the three sectors with different distances from the screen. Each of the three sections having different screen area for forming battery matrix in this general or individual sections of the screen image, and the light flux of the image on the screen is oriented in the corresponding sector of observation of the image viewers.

Figure 10 shows the optical layout of a large movie screen with three light emitters autonomous matrices for forming display images of rectangular and trapezoidal formats. Each of the three sections having different screen area for forming the matrix in the battery section of a general or individual screen of rectangular or trapezoidal format. The luminous flux of the image on the screen is oriented in the corresponding sector of the audience observing the image. Embodiments of the invention

Figure 1 is made with a large screen designed according to "venetian blind" type to transform the area of ​​this screen. Matrix indicator 1 comprises a vertical screen bars 2, fixed on a support eaves type 3 rotatably each strip around its vertical axis and the horizontal shift of the bands or razdvizhki the ledge. FIG. 1a all the screen strips deployed perpendicular to the screen plane and compressed to an overall package for non-working position or for transportation. In Figure 16, the screen 1 is formed from the calculated number of vertical screen bars 2 are deployed in the working position of the light emitter to the viewer without visible joints to form an entire screen image of the desired area of ​​the screen or the required format. On the kinds A, B and C of Figure 1 is transformed to a working condition for the formation of different formats on-screen image such format 5: 4 (FIG. 16), or 16: 9 (in Figure 1b.) Or the format of the wide film 2: 1 (FIG 1d).

Figure 2 proposed transformable matrix indicator 4 comprises a mesh screen 5 configured as a bearing black antiglare screen grid 6 luminal cells, which are fixed at the nodes of the light emitting pixel elements with black antiglare coating or mask. The screen mesh is stretched on a supporting device in the form of a rectangular spacer frame 7 for fixing the stretched area and size of the screen and the angle of inclination of the screen plane towards the viewer or viewers collective observation sector. On Screen 5a as A transformed inoperative compression screen grid cells 6a and the support frame or spacer spring contour of the screen 7a. On the kinds of B, C and D screen 5 is transformed in a fixed operating state stretching mesh screen to support the screen 7a, taking into account the selected format or screen image area. FIG. 2 shows a screen grid cell 8 to the pixel element 9 is fixed at each node of the cell. Each pixel element comprises a light emitter or multiple LEDs with electronic keys and an optical light condenser formed and assembled on a common substrate in the form of micro. The pixel elements are intended to form the screen raster pixel image. On the pixel elements and the screen mesh fixed matrix of tire 10 of the conductors, electrically switching the light emitter with electronic keys and electronic keys themselves with the power supply and the controller. In the form A1 (Figure 2) shows a display screen 8a compressed matrix cell (along with the pixel elements and the conductors 9) in the minimum area to its inactive state. On the kinds of B, C and D (Figure 2) matrix indicator is stretched on the spacer frame 7 cell screen 8 into the operating position with a fixed square or rectangular format screen image raster element. Display pixel elements are fixed at the nodes of the screen 6. The screen grid mesh is made of vertical and horizontal elastic strands 11 (for independent compression of the screen in the inoperative position and the screen drawing area into a flat or other geometric shape) flexible and inextensible yarns 12 (for fixing the stretched cell step raster screen pixel element to the required format of the OSD image without geometric distortion).

Figure 3 pixel element 9 is made in the form of an electron-optical microblock 13a (encircled by dashed line outline). The socket is formed hybrid integrated technology on a dielectric substrate 14. On this substrate mounted LED 15R (G, B). Monochrome LED (15R - red or 15G - 15B or green - blue) is mounted on the substrate 16 and a transistor switch formed plenary conductors with the contact pads 17, electrically connecting the LED with transistor key. This outdoor LED pixel element generates screen image diffusely diffused monochromatic light beam of corresponding color with a broad pattern angles with light scattering

Figure imgf000026_0001
for screen image observation in the widest horizontal and vertical angles up to 180 °.

Figure 4 pixel element is formed as an electron-optical microblock 13 (encircled by dashed line outline). The socket is formed hybrid integrated technology on a dielectric substrate 14. On this substrate are fixed one LED 15R (G, B). LED monochrome (15R - red or 15G - green or 15V - blue). On the substrate is set and transistor switch 16 are formed with planar conductors 17 contact pads, electrically connecting the LED with transistor key. Microblocks closed by a cap 18 with a non-reflective black mask 19. Above the LED ohms in the cap is fixed optical condenser of the light from the two lenses 20 to 21. The lens 20 is optically conjugate to the light source of the LED, located in the focal plane of the projection lens for the LED light beam into the second lens 21. The second lens 21 is located in front of the condenser lens and the first optically conjugate with lens 20 for focusing the light beam of the LED in the minimum area transparent exit window 22 formed in the center of the mask 19,. On the outside of the cap 18 and on the mask 19 surrounding the transparent window 22 coated with a black anti-reflective coating 23.

In Figure 5, the pixel element is formed as an electron-optical microblock 13c (encircled by dashed line outline). The socket is formed hybrid integrated technology on a dielectric substrate 14. On this substrate are fixed three LED / 5L-red, 15 (7-green-blue color and 152 or one diode light sources with three 5 / -? Red, 1 <7 green and 155 blue, three transistor electronic key 16 (one for controlling the luminance of each LED light source and the contact pads / 7 for electrical switching of each LED with its own transistor key. Tri-color (RGB) light diode or all three LEDs generates tricolor (RGB ) etc. ffuzno-scattered light beam to a wide directivity pattern with RGB light scattering angles up to 180 ° for the observation screen of the corners to 180 °.

Figure 6 pixel element 13d is in the form of electron-optical microblock 13c (encircled by dashed line outline). The socket is formed hybrid integrated technology on a dielectric substrate 14. On this substrate fixed -Red three LEDs 15R, green and 15C-152? -Blue color or an LED with three -Red sources 15R, 15C, green and blue color 155, three transistors electronic key 16R, 16G and 16B (for controlling the brightness of each light source in the light diode) and contact pads 17 for electrical switching of each LED with its own key transistor. Microblocks closed by a cap 18 with a non-reflective black mask 19. Above the light diode in the cap is fixed optical light condenser consisting of two lenses 20 and 21. The lens 20 is optically conjugate to the light source of the LED, located in the focal plane of the projection lens for the LED light beam into the second lens 21. The second lens 21 is located in front of the condenser lens and the first optically conjugate with lens 20 for focusing the light beam of the LED in the minimum area transparent exit window 22 formed in the center of the mask 19,. On the outside of the cap 18 and on the mask 19 surrounding the transparent window 22 coated with a black anti-reflective coating 23.

Figure 7 pixel element 13e is configured as electro-optical microblock 13e (encircled by dashed line outline). The socket is formed hybrid integrated technology on a dielectric substrate 14. On the back side of the substrate 14 mounted elastic threads 11 and locking collapsible yarns 12 (for a screen cell by transformation or razdvizhki Sdvizhkov pixel elements at the nodes of each cell). On this substrate (the viewer side visible) mounted cap 18 with antiglare mask 19 with transparent window 2 closed by a cap 18 the socket with black antiglare mask 19. Figure 7 A A incisions kinds and B-B, C-C and DD Displaying: on the substrate 14 coated with a mirror coating 14a (light-emitting diodes for reflecting light through the transparent focons LEDs), conductors and contact pads 17, nine fixed and nine LEDs transistor switches (not shown in the drawing) By one for controlling each of the nine LEDs. LEDs are arranged on the substrate 14 in the three pixel element location sites of three different colored LEDs (15RGB-1 in the same site, 15RGB-2 in the adjacent site 15RGB-1 and another site). In each such site formed three dielectrically separated by transparent layers in each layer is monochrome LED 15? -Red or 5C-755-green or blue color to form in the full-color RGB pixel site with three transistor electronic switch 16R, 16G and 16B (for controlling the luminance of each light source in such light-emitting diodes) and contact pads 17 for electrical switching of each LED with its own key transistor. Each pad with three light-emitting diodes of three colors creates a full-color pixel element of a certain autonomous matrix forming one screen image. To this end, over the LEDs is fixed an optical light concentrator of the light-emitting diodes of three mirrored pyramidal Fauconnier 25-1, 25-2 and 25-3. Above output luminal Fauconnier three windows 26-1 26-2 and 26-3 designated common optical light condenser consisting of two lenses 20 and 21. The lens 20 is optically conjugate with the output windows of each focon, and the lens 21 is optically conjugate with the lens 20 and the exit window 22 antiglare mask 19 with the ability to focus all the LEDs of the light beam in the minimum area of ​​the transparent window output and separate orientation of each light beam from a certain output window focon in the corresponding sector of the screen image observation viewers. On the outside of the cap 18 and on the mask 19 surrounding the transparent window 22 coated with black antiglare coating 23. In all embodiments, the anti-reflective coating 23 applied to all viewers visible on the screen surface of the pixel element on the surface of the condenser, and a screen grid conductors. In another embodiment, on the focal plane of the lens 21 (the area is a transparent input window 22) is attached antiglare black mask 19. Figure 8 shows the matrix "venetian blind" type lamp (made by n. 1, claims and depicted in Figure 1 of the drawing). Matrix Indicator 1 (in the form of a bar circled column in phantom) comprises a vertical screen strip 2. Screen bar suspended on the ledge 3 movable (along the eaves) and pivoting latches (to rotate these display strips around their vertical axes and translation along the cornice strips like sunscreen window jalousie). On the front side of the screen strips are arranged (in raster order in the vertical line of the screen image), the pixel elements 13 of similar construction pixel element 13a (Figure 4) or 13d (Fig. 6) or 13e in Figure 7). The pixel elements provide orientation sharply directed beams of light from their light diodes in the screen image observation sector. On the front sides of all display elements of the pixel plate 13 is rigidly secured to rigid vertical strings 27 (step raster elements for the vertical line formed by the screen image). The strings are secured to the screen plates fixedly and vertically (in increments of raster elements for horizontal lines formed by the screen image). Strings cylindrical or semicylindrical disposed on a cylindrical surface leaning on the screen plane, with the angular rotation of each string about its cylindrical axis at angles y, e.g., at angles ± 60 ° (left and right of a vertical plane) for transforming light fluxes pixel element 13 by angular reorientation of the flow turning elements pixel strings. At the upper end of each string 27 is rigidly fastened horizontal T- shaped rotary lever 28, is fixed vertically to its end in the cylindrical hole short screen bar 29 (equal to the screen width of the strip length), with the angular rotation of the end of the lever in the opening 29. The length of each lath screen Racks 29 is a screen width of the strip. At the ends of the screen from top rails fastened detachable retainers 30. Between onscreen cornice strips and fastened to the ledge long rack 31 parallel to the eaves. With a long rack 31 is mechanically connected to a universal drive 33 for manual, semi-automatic or automatic shift step adjusting the length Δ of the slats 32 (parallel to the eaves and the plane of the screen). Rake 32 is formed with a larger width of the screen length for attachment thereto detachable retainers 30 all display racks 29 associated with certain strings with the pixel elements connected to an autonomous matrix for simultaneous rotation of these strings of pixel elements on horizontal angles y. Rake 31 mechanically detachable retainers 30 associated with the rails 29 in a freely rotating screen strips, the loose coupling of the rods in a working condition and free of any bar 29 disengage from the rack 31 (when turning, and the shift of extendable rods 30). Universal actuator 32 is configured with a receiver 33 for receiving remote signals from the sensors disposed on the viewer or viewers or the remote control (for transmission of these signals as shown by arrow 34) on the actuator 32 for the automatic orientation of light fluxes autonomous matrices of LEDs (in the directions indicated broad arrows before optical elements pixel element 13) in the sector for the observation screen images viewers.

Figure 9 depicts matrix indicator 1, in the form of a large movie screen for large cinemas or concert halls. On the fixed three autonomous matrices Is, 2s and 3s light emitters for simultaneous and independent form each autonomous matrix light emitters of the same or different full-screen display images (matrix Is on the screen area bounded by a continuous contour line, 2s matrix on the display area bounded by the dashed contour line and 3s matrix on the display area bounded by the contour line bar -punktirnoy same screen aspect ratio. on the whole area of ​​the movie screen autonomous pixel matrix Is GOVERNMENTAL LEDs condensers light generates a full screen image Is from the luminous flux oriented (the direction of arrow 1a) in a distal wide of the image observation sector of the audience in area stalls 1p (outlined by a solid contour line) On a part of the movie screen (with the area delineated by the dashed contour line), e.g. four times smaller area of ​​the entire screen and disposed in the lower right part of the movie screen autonomous 2s matrix of LEDs generates a full screen image 2s. Optical condensers LEDs all light fluxes of these LEDs directed pixel of arrow 2a in the proximal to the screen right sector viewers observation of the screen image on the ground 2p (with the area delineated by the dashed contour line)

On the part of the movie screen (with an area delineated by a two dotted contour line), e.g., four times smaller area of ​​the entire screen and disposed in the lower left part of the movie screen autonomous 3s matrix of LEDs generates a full screen image 3s. Optical condensers LEDs all light fluxes of these LEDs directed pixel along arrow For the screen to the near left quadrant viewers observation of the screen image on the ground Sp (with an area delineated by a two dotted contour line).

Figure 10 depicts a dot matrix display 1, in the form of a large movie screen for large cinemas or concert halls. On the fixed three autonomous matrix light emitters for simultaneous and independent from other matrix forming each autonomous matrix light emitters of the same or different full-screen display images of different frame formats. On a screen first standalone matrix ls (C) pixel LEDs condensers light in the display area delineated by the solid contour line ls (C) forms a full-screen centrally symmetric image of a rectangular format, the optical condenser LEDs all light fluxes of the pixel of LEDs are oriented in the direction of arrow al in C - central sector (in the center of the cinema) for monitoring of the image the audience in St. stalls in the central sector of the cinema (delineated by a continuous contour line). On a screen other autonomous matrix 2s (C) pixel LEDs with light condensers generates a full screen image of trapezoidal format in full resolution, delineated by dashed lines 2s display area (R). Optical condensers LEDs all light fluxes of the pixel of LEDs are oriented in the direction of arrow a2 in R- right quadrant (the right side of the cinema) for observation of the image of the right sector R- stalls cinema. On a screen third autonomous matrix 3s (L). LED pixel generates light with condensers centrally fullscreen image format tapered full resolution shown by the dotted dash contour line 3s (L). The optical condenser LEDs all light fluxes of the pixel LEDs oriented in the direction of the arrow I in - left the sector to observe the image of of L - left sector stalls cinema (delineated bar dotted contour line). . Matrix light operates as follows.

In Figure 1, comprising screen bars 2 matrix display / suspended on the ledge 3 is rotated plane pixel element to the spectator and pushing the required number of strips of the screen area in view of the desired screen format. In the inoperative position a portion or all the screen is rotated the strip end is shifted toward the viewer and the vertical strip blinds ledge close to one another. In the operative position the strip forming a screen display with unnoticeable dense vertical joints between adjacent screen strips. Connect one or several autonomous matrices of pixel elements - light emitters screen strips to a video source for generating the observation image screen viewers. This transformation provides a screen image observation screen without black field or frame trim, full resolution, the width and height of the display image frame format. To transfer or transport matrix display screen plate is removed from the eaves and folded package and dismantle other items or units for compact packaging.

In Figure 2, the mesh matrix display screen 4 with 5 Mesh 6 8 luminal cells of non-working state by the elastic threads in the screen grid independently compressed in the minimum area (multiple area smaller display screen in the operating state). Additionally, for efficient packaging screen indicator wound into multiple layers to a minimum volume of the packaging for storage, carrying and transportation. For the working states of the matrix display mesh flexible screen 5 turns and extends at full stretch in each cell of the mesh screen and the vertical and horizontal fixing inextensible threads mesh screen to form a precise bitmap format screen image cells. For transformation of the screen to form the spacer frame 7, a frame format is transformed to the desired width and height of the format and stretched on this frame 6 mesh screen 5 on the size of the selected screen image frame format. When you need to monitor the background screen for rear-projection screen grid cells are left open. For a complete anti-glare protection from ambient light and screen-through cells screen from the rear side of the screen with black velvet or rose is placed on a dark background, or matte black surface. Connect one or more light emitters matrices to a video source and a viewing screen display. In -etih designs indicator for individual viewing screen image in a narrow sector with minimal power consumption include only one stand-alone matrix light emitters. For collective viewing one screen in a wide sector include several autonomous matrixes or one matrix of light emitters with a wide sector of observation. To view an individual of the same or different screen images in different sectors on a common display screen includes various standalone matrix. For transformation of the viewer of light fluxes using universal drive signals to the receiver of the viewer's location, that location alarm fixed on the viewer or used with such remote signaling device remote control. By these means the viewer may manually transform the luminous fluxes inclusion of certain autonomous matrices reorientation light fluxes of these matrices universal drive manual and semi-automatic mode (remote control) or enable remote automatic orientation of the light fluxes of the pixel elements in the viewer's location sector (determined automatically by signals of these sensors).

Suggested indicators through the estimated parameters substantially surpass the best analogues of the LCD panel with the dynamic LED illumination, for example:

- electricity consumption for 1 square meter of the LCD screen - panels with an average screen brightness of 400 cd / m² the best analogues of about 180 watts.

The best analogy LCD panel power consumption is about 180 watts per 1 square meter of the screen and is proportional to the product of light loss factors:

- 2 fold loss due to the absorption bed LCD backlight LED rays;

- 3 fold loss due to absorption of the semitransparent reflective coating;

- 5 ... 10-fold loss of the LED for the uniform illumination across the field of the screen when the peak brightness of individual elements of the screen image, respectively 500 ... 1000 cd / m;

- 3 fold loss due to absorption by the color filters of the light flux of white color LED-backlight (to isolate these filters monochromatic light beam of red, blue and green colors for the respective pixel the LCD backlight modulators);

- 5 fold loss of diffuse light scattering screen image light flux for forming vertical and horizontal angles of the screen image observation to 180 °. The proposed LED - indicators such losses are technically excluded. Light losses occur only in specular hollow focon at a concentration of light beams to the optical condenser lens for highly directional light scattering (proportional to the input window area relative to the output window focon). The optimum energy saving mode for the observation screen of a collective 5th viewers in the horizontal sector angle of 90 ° and a vertical angle of 30 ° and a gain coefficient of the screen 5 units. The proposed LED-display light loss from 2 to 5x fold occur only Fauconnier, thereby reducing the average power up to 1 watt (for peak image brightness to 1 parts Ltd. cd / m, which is 180-fold less than the LC -panels). Such low power consumption of the proposed large-LED-indicators enables autonomous power supply during the day by solar panels measuring 200 χ 300 mm (5 Watt power output) with miniature batteries for mobile phones. Reduced power consumption offered LED- indicators as compared to the LED or OLED - panels (with diffuse-reflective and light-scattering blackening) can be up to 15-fold and higher, depending on the luminous efficacy of LEDs (light output and transparency) and the coefficient of the screen gain.

The proposed matrix display for the first time provided the transformation of the area and the screen and the simultaneous viewing audience from different angles at different distances from the screen different images on different parts of the overall screen with rectangular and trapezoidal format, which significantly increases the visual comfort for all audiences (without black fields, without loss of resolution and without appreciable geometric distortion of the raster screen image). In analogues and the prototype there are no such options. The proposed matrix indicators provided first light flux transformation: for maximum power saving modes proposed indicators; for on-screen image viewers observation angle control (during their movement before the screen); for correcting the orientation of different sectors of observation (autonomous different matrices formed light emitters) and exclusion of combining these sectors at different distances from the screen arrangement viewers; for the possibility of observing the same audience and the various display screens in different sectors. In analogues and the prototype are technically operational capabilities are not provided. Mass proposed LED-indicators may be two orders of magnitude smaller than the mass analogs and prototypes with the same screen sizes. In the inoperative position the proposed indicator can be rolled into a minimum area and minimum volume for storage, carrying and transportation. In analogues and prototypes with a rigid monolithic structure panel screen convolution is technically impossible.

industrial applicability

All the proposed options matrix display designs can now be mass-produce industrially produced using standard equipment for conventional and the proposed integrated and hybrid technologies of formation of discrete pixel elements on flexible or elastic mesh screens. To build the hybrid can be applied discrete transistor produced by the keys, discrete sensors, LEDs, and semiconductor optical condenser microlens glare masks. Integral standard technology on standard equipment can be made discrete substrate with discrete LEDs and pads, as well as an integrated electrical switching conductors with these elements indicators.

Claims

CLAIM
1. Matrix display comprising screen supporting device for forming and fixing the geometrical shape and spatial orientation of the screen, the fixed: the matrix of discrete electro-optical light emitters, which form the pixels of the screen image observation, electronic transistor switches electrically for controlling the luminance of the light emitters, tire matrix of conductors for the electrical switching of light emitters with electronic switches and switching of these light emitters and electronic x keys to the power source and the controller forming the control signals brightness light emitters supplied to the electronic keys; a light emitter arranged on the screen in a raster manner to form a screen of a raster with a given geometric form and an area of ​​the OSD image format; are used as light emitters, for example, colored light-emitting diodes or semiconductor colored OLEDs primary colors; characterized in that the screen of the display is divided into parts, for example, square or rectangular or in the form of a vertical or horizontal display bands, all the parts of the screen are fixed to the support structure of this screen, with mechanical transformation shape and / or area and / or on-screen format images in working state indicator, and compressing the assembly or fold screen minimum volume inoperative indicator, for example, in the first embodiment, each of the screen indicator interfaced flexible Permanently junction with an adjacent part of the screen formed flexible elastic or crushes filaments or material in the joints of these parts hardly noticeable to viewers matrix light emitters of these parts are electrically connected to flexible conductors matrix tires, all of the screen fastened to the support structure with the possibility of multiple displacement, rotation, razdvizhki and folding these parts of the screen for "concertina" type; in another embodiment, the indicator each part of the screen comprises an autonomous matrix of light emitters with the electronic key and the controller for generating a certain part of the screen in the area of ​​this part of the screen, each portion of the screen is formed with the ends for detachable joining the ends of adjacent pieces screens invisible to the joints of spectators, and all parts screens fastened to the supporting device with the structure "venetian blind" type with the possibility of multiple displacement, rotation and shift of razdvizhki and folding screen strips analogous bands of shutters.
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26)
2. Matrix display according to claim 1, characterized in that its screen is superimposed and fixed or technologically formed light emitters together with a matrix array of sensors with tire matrix of conductors for the electrical switching of the sensors to a power source and a controller for reading electrical signals from the these sensors and transmit the signals to a computer or other Video Electronic equipment connected to this indicator for automatic control of the mapping process iem information on this screen.
3. Matrix display according to claim 1, characterized in that in the first embodiment, on one matrix light emitters mounted indicator screen to form one full-screen image, in a matrix, each light emitter is arranged Mono-one light source and one optical light condenser lens, optically conjugate with the a light source for focusing and orientation of the light beam of the light emitter in the settlement observation sector full-screen image; in another embodiment, the indicator on the screen display with audio matrix light emitters to form one full-screen image, in each cell of the matrix have a color light emitter, e.g., RGB-LED with three light sources, primary colors: R-red, G-green color and B -Blue color forming RGB-pixel full color screen of this light emitter is configured with a common condenser lens-focon light optically conjugate with these RGB-light sources to capture wide input window focon light rays RGB-pixel, followed by mixing and contraction of these rays side mirror faces focon narrow exit window of the focon, focon exit port is optically conjugate with the focal plane of a positive lens of a condenser for focusing and orientation of the light beams of the lens in the settlement sector surveillance full-screen color image (generated by all the diffuser of the matrix); in the third embodiment, the on-screen indicator on an area forming a full-screen image are combined several autonomous matrices of colored light emitters, e.g., individual LEDs, each LED with Mono-light source: R-red, or G-green color or in blue, forming together RGB -piksel colored screen images, to form on the screen each autonomous individual matrix of the same or a full-screen image,
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) wherein in each autonomous matrix each mono color LED configured with individual lens condenser light optically conjugate with the light source of the light emitter for focusing and orientation of the lens of the condenser of the light beam of the LED in the corresponding sector of the screen image observation, formed by all the light emitter this matrix; In the fourth embodiment, the screen display with multiple light emitters autonomous matrices in each display cell by one set of full-color light emitters each autonomous matrix, for example, one RGB-color LED with three light sources: R-red color, G-color and B-green blue, forming a colored pixel RGB-screen image, each one RGB-light emitter formed with a common condenser lens-focon light optically conjugate with the three light sources for focusing and orientable tation of all light beams of RGB-light emitter in settlement observation sector full-screen color image; in the fifth embodiment, the screen display contains multiple autonomous matrices RGB-light emitters for autonomous forming each autonomous matrix of identical or individual images in each cell of the screen is set group color RGB-light emitters, which form in a cell by one pixel images from each autonomous matrix, e.g., one LED color (RGB-colors) autonomous from each matrix, this group of RGB-light emitters is provided with a common-focon light condenser lens, each RGB-LED closed individual Fauconnier, each color RGB-LED individual Fauconnier closed for gripping and concentration in the exit window of focon RGB-rays of RGB- LEDs, and the output of the window Fauconnier optically conjugate with the focal plane of the condenser lens in view of the separate focus and orientation of the individual lens of the light beam RGB- LEDs in the corresponding screen image observation sector, formed by all of the LEDs autonomous matrix; wherein the optical system all light emitters to condensers light indicators for all variants with autonomous matrices is configured to select different versions of the viewer observing the image display, such as a full screen image observation in any narrow sector, which is formed of an autonomous matrix light emitters; collective observation of one full screen image observation in a wide sector formed from multiple narrow sectors of the same observation screen images formed by several
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) independent matrices; simultaneous monitoring by different viewers in different sectors of different full-screen images formed by the different light emitters autonomous matrices.
4. The matrix of indicator p.Z comprising one screen at a general matrix to form a full-screen image or several autonomous matrices with individual condensers light emitters for light of each light emitter, for generating each autonomous matrix individually or in common full screen image in a narrow or wide and horizontal / or vertical sector surveillance viewers of the image; Indicator characterized in that all light emitters of these matrices to condensers mounted on the pivot mechanism for the autonomous simultaneous synchronous transformation of light fluxes of light emitters of one battery matrix or more autonomous matrices by horizontal and / or vertical rotation in this matrix rotary mechanism simultaneously all its light emitters with condensers to settlement orientation angle of the light beams in the screen image observation sector requested viewers, for example: in the first th embodiment, a rotary mechanism is configured with a manual drive for manual viewer orientation regulating light beams of the mechanism; in another embodiment, on the viewer and / or manual remote control this indicator is set annunciator for generating remote orientation signals of light beams that the rotary mechanism, for which the display is mounted receiver these signals and the associated receiver avtoregulyator pivoting mechanism light emitters independent matrices for semi-automatic and / or automatic rotation of light beams light emitters certain autonomous matrices in the corresponding sector of observation viewers s on-screen images.
5. The matrix of p.Z indicator comprising on a shared screen several autonomous matrices light emitters with concentrators light beams of these light emitters, orienting and focusing the light beams from the light emitters of each particular battery matrix in the corresponding sector of observation of the screen image generated by this matrix, characterized in that there is an electric switch of the autonomous transformation matrices for all light fluxes of different light emitters of one or autonomous matrices by VC and off for prison matrices required to select the desired angle spectator
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) the orientation of the light fluxes with the account for this observation respective screen images, such as in the first embodiment the indicator is set autonomous switch matrices for manual switching matrices viewer autonomous light emitters; in another embodiment, on the viewer and / or manual remote viewer remote control this indicator set indicator to a signal generating remote switching autonomous arrays, and the display is set the receiver of these signals and the associated receiver avtopereklyuchatel these autonomous matrices for semiautomatic and / or automatic switching or off the required stand-alone matrix light emitters forming the OSD image seen in the audience location sector.
6. The matrix of indicator p.Z, characterized in that mounted on the big screen several autonomous matrices light emitters with light concentrators for the simultaneous formation of common and / or individual display of images in different sectors of observation, one autonomous matrix is ​​formed on the entire screen for the formation of matrix full-screen image, observed on the entire screen viewers located in the far away from the screen sector of observation of this image, and other stand-alone location with matrix enes on separate left and right parts of the screen for forming each particular battery matrix full-screen image at the corresponding side of the screen for observation viewers full screen image on the left small part of the screen of the left sector approximate to the left of the screen and the observation viewers full screen image on the right small part of the screen of the right sector of the approximate to the right of the screen.
7. A matrix display according to the general p.Z comprising several autonomous matrix screen with light emitters the optical condenser of the light beams of these light emitters, guide the light beams from the light emitters of each particular battery matrix corresponding screen image observation sector, characterized in that one autonomous matrix formed with a rectangular an aspect ratio of luminous flux light emitters oriented in the screen image observation sector of the audience closer to the ch avnoy axis passing perpendicularly through the center of the screen, other autonomous matrix formed with trapezoidal frame formats with
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) luminous flux light emitters oriented in the screen image observation sector of the audience, the remote left and right of this main axis, taking into account the observations provide the audience of these formats on-screen images with minimal geometric distortion.
8. A matrix display according to any one of claims 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that all surfaces visible to the viewer screen elements: light emitters, busbars, optical light condensers, sensors, solid material or filaments of the grid from the screen, visible spectator painted in black color or optical condensers instead of such coloring can be closed-reflective matte black mask, the antiglare protection for both options in the area of ​​anti-glare protection at the focal point that condenser light beams light emitters to form a transparent exit window Smaller, while for the full anti-glare protection grid matte-black screen may be displayed on a black background or superimposed on the matte black material or on the outer black anti-glare surface.
9. A matrix display according to any one of claims 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that all surfaces visible to the viewer screen elements: light emitters, busbars, optical light condensers, sensors, solid material or filaments of the grid from the screen, visible spectator painted in black color or optical condensers instead of such coloring can be closed-reflective matte black mask, the antiglare protection for both options in the area of ​​anti-glare protection at the focal point that condenser light beams vetoizluchateley formed a transparent exit window Smaller, square matrix display cells between the light emitters and conductors are made transparent or luminal, as a screen for its location on a transparent material, or in the air with the possibility of observation through the background of the cell behind the screen.
10. The matrix display comprising a screen with a supporting device for forming and fixing the geometrical shape and spatial orientation of the screen, the fixed: the matrix of discrete electro-optical light emitters, which form the pixels of the screen image observation, electronic transistor switches electrically for controlling the luminance of the light emitters, tire matrix of conductors for the electrical switching of these
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) light emitters with electronic switches and switching of these light emitters and electronic switches to the power source and the controller forming the control signals brightness light emitters supplied to the electronic keys; a light emitter arranged on the screen in a raster manner to form a screen of a raster with a given geometric form and an area of ​​the OSD image format; are used as light emitters, for example, colored light-emitting diodes or semiconductor colored OLEDs primary colors; characterized in that: on the screen in each matrix cell light emitters the light emitter with an electronic key and conductors bus matrix mounted movable relative to the adjacent light emitters with electronic keys and the conductors of the matrix of tires for which the light emitter with electronic keys and guides in each cell are made with the installation dimensions smaller size of the cell and the matrix bus conductors are in the form of flexible tabs; In the first embodiment, a display screen is formed from an elastic, flexible material is wrinkled or, for example, films, fabrics, nets; in another embodiment, on-screen display mounted vertically and / or horizontally elastic threads for independent compression of the screen and inextensible flexible or collapsible stretch yarn for fixing the screen, such as a step of a raster; in all embodiments, a screen with opornm device is adapted to mechanically transforming this screen the viewer by the geometrical shape, area and size of the OSD image, and also to compress or fold the screen in the inoperative position indicator, for which reference screen device is in the form of a series of alternative embodiments of structures, eg:
- the supporting device made of the screen the latches in the form of needles, hooks, Velcro, etc. of the screen support elements for fixing the multiple geometric shape and / or area and / or size of the mesh or cloth screen in operation.? position by adhesion to screen these clamps, to repeatedly remove the screen latches in the inoperative position;
- supporting the screen device is designed as a full-screen or contour inflatable support cushions for multiple fixing the inflated cushion screen indicator over the entire surface or on a contour;
- screen support device is designed as a cushion or aerostatic balloon aerostatic for stretching and fixing the display screen and the vertical aerostatic stretching, holding and lifting the screen in the air;
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) - on the reference display device and the display screen generated magnetic latches for securing the screen over the entire area or contour;
- supporting the screen device is in the form of a horizontal curtain rod with clamps for the vertical stretching of the screen, for example, gravitational extracts the own weight of the screen, or weights, with horizontal scanning of the screen to the working position and fold the screen in the inoperative position offset retainers on the eaves "curtain" type;
- supporting the screen device is in the form of a horizontal pipe telescopically retractable screen indicator for tension in the operative position of the screen and screed in the inoperative position;
- supporting the screen device is arranged as a vertical or horizontal reels for unwinding the screen with the coil in the operating position and convolution winding of the screen on the coil in the inoperative position;
- supporting the screen device is in the form of flat, contoured or helical springs mounted in the screen circuit for unrolling the screen in the working position and fold screen these springs in the inoperative position.
11. A matrix display according to claim 10, characterized in that its screen is superimposed and fixed or technologically formed light emitters together with a matrix array of sensors with tire matrix of conductors for the electrical switching of the sensors to a power source and a controller for reading electrical signals from the these sensors and transmit the signals to a computer or other Video Electronic equipment connected to this indicator for automatic process control DISPLAY Niemi information on this screen.
12. A matrix display according to claim 10, characterized in that in the first embodiment, on one matrix light emitters mounted indicator screen to form one full-screen image, in a matrix, each light emitter is provided with one mono color light source and a light condenser optical lens, optically conjugate with the a light source for focusing and orientation of the light beam of the light emitter in the settlement observation sector full-screen image; in another embodiment, this indicator on one screen matrix indicator light emitters to form one full-screen image, in each cell of the matrix have a color light emitter, such as
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) RGB-LED with three sources of basic colors of light: R-red, G-green and in blue color forming RGB-pixel full color screen of this light emitter is made with one common focon-lens condenser light optically conjugate with these RGB-light sources to capture a wide input window focon -pikselya RGB light rays, followed by mixing and contraction of these rays side mirror faces focon narrow exit window of the focon, focon exit window with an optically ryazheno with the focal plane of a positive lens of a condenser for focusing and orientation of the light beams of the lens in the settlement observation sector full-screen color image (generated by all the diffuser of the matrix); in the third embodiment, the on-screen indicator on an area forming a full-screen image are combined several autonomous matrices of colored light emitters, e.g., individual LEDs, each LED with Mono-light source: R-red, or G-green color or in blue, forming together RGB -piksel colored screen images, to form on the screen each autonomous individual matrix of the same or a full-screen image, wherein each autonomous matrix with each Mono- vetodiod configured with individual light condenser lens, optically conjugate with the light source of the light emitter for focusing and orientation of the condenser lens of the light beam of the LED in the corresponding sector of the screen image observation generated by all light emitters of the matrix; In the fourth embodiment, the screen display with multiple light emitters autonomous matrices in each display cell by one set of full-color light emitters each autonomous matrix, for example, one RGB-color LED with three light sources: R-red color, G-color and B-green blue, forming a colored pixel RGB-screen image, each one RGB-light emitter formed with a common condenser lens-focon light optically conjugate with the three light sources for focusing and orientable tation of all light beams of RGB-light emitter in settlement observation sector full-screen color image; in the fifth embodiment, the screen display contains multiple autonomous matrices RGB-light emitters for autonomous forming each autonomous matrix of identical or individual images in each cell of the screen is set group color RGB-light emitters, which form in a cell by one pixel images from each autonomous matrix, e.g., by
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) one LED color (RGB-colors) autonomous from each matrix, this group of RGB-light emitters is provided with a common-focon light condenser lens, each RGB-LED closed individual Fauconnier, each color RGB- Fauconnier closed individual LED to capture and concentration in the exit window of focon RGB-rays of RGB- LEDs, and the output of the window Fauconnier optically conjugate with the focal plane of the condenser lens in view of the separate focus and orientation of the lens Vetovo separate beam RGB- LEDs in the corresponding screen image observation sector, formed by all of the LEDs autonomous matrix; wherein the optical system all light emitters to condensers light indicators for all variants with autonomous matrices is configured to select different versions of the viewer observing the image display, such as a full screen image observation in any narrow sector, which is formed of an autonomous matrix light emitters; collective observation of one full screen image observation in a wide sector formed from multiple narrow sectors of the same observation screen images formed by several autonomous matrices; simultaneous monitoring by different viewers in different sectors of different full-screen images formed by the different light emitters avtonomnmi matrices.
13. The matrix display of claim 12, comprising the general screen several autonomous matrices light emitters with concentrators light beams of these light emitters, orienting and focusing the light beams from the light emitters of each particular battery matrix in the corresponding sector of observation of the screen image generated by this matrix, characterized in that there is an electric switch of the autonomous transformation matrices for all light fluxes light emitters same or different matrices by autonomous in and off for prison matrices required to select the required viewer orientation angles of the light fluxes with the account for this observation respective screen images, for example, in the first embodiment is installed in the indicator
switch matrices for independent manual switching spectator stand-alone matrix light emitters; in another embodiment, on the viewer and / or manual remote spectator this indicator is set to form the alarm signal autonomous remote switching matrices, and
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) mounted receiver display these signals and the associated receiver avtopereklyuchatel these autonomous matrices for semiautomatic and / or automatic switching on or off of battery required matrix light emitters forming a screen display visible to the audience location sector.
14. A matrix display according to claim 12, characterized in that mounted on the big screen several autonomous matrices light emitters with light concentrators for the simultaneous formation of common and / or individual display of images in different sectors of observation, one autonomous matrix is ​​formed on the entire screen for the formation of matrix full-screen image, observed on the entire screen viewers located in the far away from the screen sector of observation of this image, and other stand-alone location with matrix enes on separate left and right parts of the screen for forming each particular battery matrix full-screen image at the corresponding side of the screen for observation viewers full screen image on the left small part of the screen of the left sector approximate to the left of the screen and the observation viewers full screen image on the right small part of the screen of the right sector of the approximate to the right of the screen.
15. The matrix display of claim 12, comprising the general screen several autonomous matrices light emitters with the optical condenser of the light beams of these light emitters, guide the light beams from the light emitters of each particular battery matrix corresponding to the screen image observation sector, characterized in that one autonomous matrix formed from rectangular frame format with light fluxes light emitters oriented in the screen image observation sector spectators positioned closer to r longwall axis passing perpendicularly through the center of the screen, the other stand-alone matrix made with trapezoidal frame formats with a luminous flux light emitters oriented in the screen image observation sector of the audience, the remote left and right of this main axis, taking into account the provision of observation viewers of these formats on-screen images with minimum geometric distortion.
16. A matrix display according to any one of claims 10, 11, 12, characterized in that all surface elements visible on the screen, the viewer: light emitters,
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) bus bars, optical condensers light sensors, solid material or filaments of the grid of the screen from the side, the visible viewer, colored black, or optical condensers instead of such coloring can be closed matt black antiglare mask, wherein for both versions anti-glare protection in the area of ​​anti-glare protection at the focal point that the condenser light emitters of light beams to form a transparent exit window Smaller, while for the full anti-glare for mesh panels matt black screen may be disposed on a black background or superimposed on a matte-black material or on the outer surface of a black antiglare.
17. A matrix display according to any one of claims 10, 11,12, characterized in that all surfaces visible to the viewer screen elements: light emitters, busbars, optical light condensers, sensors, solid material or filaments of the grid from the screen, visible spectator painted in black color or optical condensers instead of such coloring can be closed-reflective matte black mask, the antiglare protection for both options in the area of ​​anti-glare protection at the focal point that condenser light beams binding etoizluchateley formed a transparent exit window Smaller, square matrix display cells between the light emitters and conductors are made transparent or luminal, as a screen for its location on a transparent material, or in the air with the possibility of observation through the background of the cell behind the screen.
18. The method of manufacturing a matrix display according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, or 10 and 12 comprising the integrated and hybrid manufacturing techniques indicator matrix with discrete elements: a light emitter, electronic keys, pads and conductors tire matrix or a similar joint manufacturing matrix display together with an array of discrete sensors to the bonding pads and the die tire with fixed electrical switching matrix terminals conductors tires with these pads sensor GOVERNMENTAL sensors, with subsequent fixing of these matrices on the screen indicator, connecting bus matrix to the respective controllers and power sources as well as with the subsequent fixing of the screen display on the support structure, characterized in that the prefabricated screen of an elastic or crushes material or of an elastic or crushes grid,
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) formed with transparent or luminal cells painted matte black color for an antiglare protection screen; on the assembly jig with clamps these clamps given the coordinates of the raster screen assemblies fixed nodes of cells formed by one or several autonomous screen indicator matrices or more autonomous screen matrix display screen and the matrix of sensors; on these nodes screen material formed discrete elements of the indicator matrix, e.g., integrated technology print printer or integral dispenser polymeric discrete dielectric substrate samopolimerizuyuscheysya, termopolimerizuyuscheysya or photopolymer plastic, painted in black antiglare color, or paste ready discrete dielectric substrate, then on these substrates integral technology form the light emitter LED, or screen printing, or the printer prints Diskretn e pads and colored OLEDs, or adhered to a substrate ready LEDs and electronic switches, sensors ready to use with ready-bonding pads, for example, when using a transparent organic light emitting diodes in these padded or sprayed dielectric mirror substrate is bonded to reflect light through the transparent light-emitting diodes; then the LED substrate integrally bonded or secured discrete lens optical condensers light-reflective matte black mask with transparent output window or on the surfaces of the transparent condensers installed outside the transparent light output windows, or integral printer print stamp matte black anti-glare coating; previously on another jig for forming the matrix tire locks these clamps are integrally fixed all preform conductors, then every blank conductors integrally stamp is bent in the form of loops and cut into discrete conductors at points terminal arrangement of certain conductors to the respective contact pads matrix light emitters and matrix sensors this conductor with ready discrete conductors accurately combine the findings of conductors with the coordinates of contact Area Adok integral method and soldered, welded or laser-welded or glued to these findings conductive adhesive conductors to these contact pads, after which all the clamps jig for manufacturing an array of tires simultaneously disconnected from the conductors and the jig is removed from the assembly jig; in another embodiment, instead of the above described methods of forming anti-glare protection for forming high
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) antiglare photomask with a minimum size transparent output window photomethod applied to optical condensers light photographic emulsion, produce exposure emulsion pixel LEDs through these condensers and display photographic developer to obtain a transparent output window and blackening anti-reflective coating photomask, and then the emulsion coating chemically zadublivayut for the strength of the antiglare photomasks from mechanical abrasion during heating and humidity.
19. The method of p..18, characterized in that the discrete elements: a substrate, a light emitter with transistor switches and optical condensers, sensors with electronic keys and contact pads made on the whole substrate processing time with minimal processing area on the substrate is applied to the locking layer, which temporarily fix all these elements on the substrate and then subjected to the technological processes of formation and assembly of these discrete elements ready pixel element binding matrix etoizluchateley and sensors, is then used to vacuum jig or sticky or magnetic retainers Adjustible discrete, fixed on the fixed-stretchable and elastically compressible support of similar design screen indicator of claim 10, these clamps hold the elements ready to process the substrate, and then all these elements are detached from the process and the substrate is removed from the process are the substrate and then the conductor grips diluted with retaining elements at points on Screen cells pre Allocated glue and glued all of these elements to these screen cells, then the jig for manufacturing matrix conductors with fixed on it discrete conductors tire matrix superimposed on the assembly jig with ready-pixel elements to align the contact pads with the findings of discrete conductors and integrated technology produce soldering or welding or integrally bonded conductive glue these conductors to the pads ready light emitters, electronic keys and sensors, then in both jigs decompress or disconnect latches with these elements and removed from the jigs finished pixel elements and the conductors on the screen.
SUBSTITUTE SHEET (RULE 26)
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