WO2011082514A1 - Intelligent electric-shock protection socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection - Google Patents

Intelligent electric-shock protection socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2011082514A1
WO2011082514A1 PCT/CN2010/001950 CN2010001950W WO2011082514A1 WO 2011082514 A1 WO2011082514 A1 WO 2011082514A1 CN 2010001950 W CN2010001950 W CN 2010001950W WO 2011082514 A1 WO2011082514 A1 WO 2011082514A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
jack
household
socket
module
output module
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Application number
PCT/CN2010/001950
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何芳桂
王丕兴
Original Assignee
湖南奥盟电器有限公司
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Publication date
Priority to CN201010042635A priority Critical patent/CN101752749A/en
Priority to CN201010042635.X priority
Application filed by 湖南奥盟电器有限公司 filed Critical 湖南奥盟电器有限公司
Publication of WO2011082514A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011082514A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6683Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in sensor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/70Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch
    • H01R13/713Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch the switch being a safety switch

Abstract

An intelligent electric-shock protection socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection comprises a casing (100), jack groups arranged on the casing (100), a pyroelectric infrared sensor (10), a detection switch (20), a relay output module (30), a control module (40) and a power supply module (50). Each jack group comprises a live wire jack (70) and a zero line jack (60). The pyroelectric infrared sensor (10) is used for detecting the human existence information around the socket. The detection switch (20) is used for detecting the plug insertion information of the jack groups. One end of the relay output module (30) is connected with the control module (40), and the other two ends are respectively connected with the live wire jacks (70) and the zero line jacks (60) of the jack groups. The control module (40) is used for receiving and processing the human existence information and the plug insertion information. When a plug is inserted into the live wire jack (70) and the zero line jack (60) of the jack group at the same time, and no human is around the socket, the control module (40) controls the relay output module (30) to switch on the power supply of the jack group, otherwise controls the relay output module (30) to cut off the power supply of the jack group. The power supply module (50) is connected with all the modules and devices. The socket can avoid electric-shock accidents and guarantee personal safety.

Description

基于热 ^卜检测的智能防触电插座  Intelligent anti-electric shock socket based on heat detection
技术械 Technical equipment
本发明涉及插座的娃技术, 尤»及一种基于热释红外检测的智能防触电插座。 背景技术  The invention relates to a silicon technology of a socket, and a smart anti-electric shock socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection. Background technique
插座是现^ 生活中不可少的电连接器件。现有的插座大多是^ ¾座内的电极 触片与电源线直雖接, 在 寸逝电器的插头直接与电機虫片擲翻親电源的 目的。这种插座由于电极触片始终带电, 就使衛爵头在拔出或插入的过程中, 插头上的 插脚也会带电, 而插脚在插头未完全插入插座或未完全拔出插座时是暴 ra^卜, 容易被 人手直接或间擴到, 造 虫电事故。 另外, 若用导体纖座进行了 «, 那也很容易 造纖虫电事故。 因此, 大多现有插座的 生能有観高。  The socket is an indispensable electrical connection device in life. Most of the existing sockets are the electrodes in the ^3⁄4 seat. The contact pads are connected directly to the power cable, and the plug of the insulative device directly throws the power supply with the motor chip. Since the electrode contacts are always energized, the pins on the plugs are also charged during the process of pulling out or inserting the pins, and the pins are violent when the plugs are not fully inserted into the socket or are not completely removed. ^ Bu, easy to be directly or indirectly by human hands, worms and electric accidents. In addition, if the conductor fiber holder is used for «, it is easy to make a fiber accident. As a result, most existing sockets have a high level of energy.
^综上可知,戶 现有技术的插座,在实际 ^OT上显^ 在不便与缺陷,所以有  In summary, it can be seen that the existing sockets of the households are inconvenient and defective on the actual ^OT, so there is
发明内容 Summary of the invention
针对上述的缺陷, 本发明的目的在于提供一种基于热释红外检测的智能防触电插 座, 接通电源前慰红外线纖座周围的人体进行感应, 当在颠则范围内没有人 体, 并删«入插座时, 插座延时接通电源以防 虫电事故, 保证人身的^:。  In view of the above drawbacks, the object of the present invention is to provide an intelligent anti-electric shock socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection, which is used to sense the human body around the infrared fiber holder before the power is turned on, and when there is no human body in the range of the reverse, and deletes « When entering the socket, the socket is delayed to turn on the power to prevent insect power accidents, and to ensure the personal ^:.
为了实 目的, 本发明 共一种基于热释红外检测的智能防触电插座, 包括壳 体以及體于難壳体上的至少一插孔组, 插孔 ia¾少包括一火线插孔和一零线插 孔, 舰智能防触电插座还包括:  For practical purposes, the present invention has a smart anti-shock socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection, comprising a casing and at least one jack set on the hard shell, the jack ia3⁄4 includes a firewire jack and a neutral line. Jack, ship intelligent anti-electric shock socket also includes:
至少一热释红外感应器, 用于在热释红外感应范围内检测戶 f¾i座周围是否有人体 存在, 并将人將在信息传 合控制模块;  At least one pyroelectric infrared sensor for detecting whether there is a human body around the f3⁄4i seat in the range of the pyroelectric infrared sensing range, and the person will communicate the control module in the information;
至少一检测开关, 用于检测戶 ?«孔组是否有插 ¾i入, 并^ «入信息传 合 控制模块;  At least one detection switch is used to detect whether the user of the hole group has a plug-in, and ^ into the information transmission control module;
至少一继电器输出模块, 其一端与控制模块连接, 另外两端分别与戶 且的火 线插孔和零线插 接;  At least one relay output module, one end of which is connected to the control module, and the other ends are respectively connected with the existing fire line jack and the neutral line;
控制模块, 用于接收并处 »¾人# 在信息和插 入信息, 当获知戶 且 的火线插孔和零线插孔同时有插 入并 插座周围已没有人储在时, m 模驗制戶 ^电器输出模 戶腿插孔组电源, 否则控制戶¾ 电器输出模鉄断 戶 f¾WL组电源; 以及 Control module, used to receive and locate »3⁄4人# In the information and insert information, when the FireWire jack and the neutral jack of the known household are inserted at the same time and no one is stored around the socket, the m mold checker ^ The electric appliance outputs the die leg jack group power supply, otherwise the control household 3⁄4 electrical output module is cut off Household f3⁄4WL group power supply;
电源模块, 分别与繊热释红外感应器、继电器输出模块、检测开关和控制模块连 接。  The power module is connected to the pyroelectric infrared sensor, the relay output module, the detection switch and the control module.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 戶 M¾制模块 »π戶 fM^l且的火线插孔和零线插 孔同时有插 «入并 座周围没有人储在时, 预定时间控制戶 f¾电器输 出模 戶 M«且电源。  According to the intelligent anti-electric shock socket of the invention, the M3⁄4 module of the household M3⁄4 module and the fire line jack and the neutral line jack are simultaneously inserted into the seat and no one is stored around the seat, and the predetermined time control household f3⁄4 electrical output Mold household M « and power.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 所述 Eifi的预定时间为 1~30秒。  According to the smart anti-shock socket of the present invention, the predetermined time of the Eifi is 1 to 30 seconds.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 所述壳体上设有两个以上的 S ii且, 某一插 ¾且被 観电源后, 若戶 S制模块根据戶 S头插入信息获知戶 头^ «孔组的 插孔和 /或零线插孔拨出, 贝 U戶 M¾制模鹏制戶 ^电器输出模块关断戶 且电 源; 否则, 始^ {呆雜通戶 M^l且电源。  According to the smart anti-shock socket of the present invention, the housing is provided with more than two S ii and, after a certain plug-in and is powered by the power, the S-module module obtains the account according to the insertion information of the household S head ^ « The jacks of the hole group and/or the zero-line jacks are dialed out, and the U-unit M3⁄4 mold-making households ^ electrical output module shuts off the household and the power supply; otherwise, the first ^ {dosing the household M ^ l and the power supply.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 戶 M热释红外感应器设置于戶 M壳体上, pj i 开关、 继电器输出模块、 控制模块以及电源模块均设置于戶 壳体内。  According to the intelligent anti-shock socket of the present invention, the household M pyroelectric infrared sensor is disposed on the housing M, and the pj i switch, the relay output module, the control module and the power module are all disposed in the household casing.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 所«电器输出模块包括一具有强电电气隔离特性 的隔离继电器。  According to the intelligent anti-shock socket of the present invention, the electrical output module includes an isolation relay having strong electrical and electrical isolation characteristics.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 戶¾S座组还包括一傲户 i«插孔。  According to the intelligent anti-shock socket of the present invention, the household group also includes a proud i« jack.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 戶 M 插座组上设有一工作状态 灯, 该工作 状态际灯与戶 MS制模块连接; 戶¾ 电器输出模: ^魏戶 Mil孔组电源时, m& 制模^制戶 作状态 灯显示第一颜色; 戶 f«电器输出模:^断戶 f¾«l且电 源时, 制模難制戶 l作状态 ί际灯显示第二颜色。  According to the intelligent anti-shock socket of the present invention, the working M socket group is provided with a working status lamp, and the working state lamp is connected with the household MS module; the household 3⁄4 electrical output module: ^ Wei household Mil hole group power supply, m & molding ^ The household status light shows the first color; the household f« electrical output mode: ^ disconnected f3⁄4«l and the power supply, the mold is difficult to make the state l the state of the light shows the second color.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 所述壳体包括相互固定的上壳体和下壳体, 上壳体和下壳 #¾合处套设有一装饰圈。  According to the smart anti-shock socket of the present invention, the casing includes an upper casing and a lower casing fixed to each other, and the upper casing and the lower casing are provided with a decorative ring.
根据本发明的智能防触电插座, 戶 M检测开 括推杆、 弹簧和按键, mrn^ 端分别与所述弹簧和按键相抵靠, 另一端分别延伸至腿插孔组的火线插孔和零线插 孔, 当戶 f«头同日«入戶 火线插孔和零线插孔时驱动戶/ 杆, 戶 推杆经由戶 M 弹簧驱动顶住纖按键。  According to the intelligent anti-shock socket of the present invention, the household M detects the push rod, the spring and the button, the mrn^ end abuts against the spring and the button respectively, and the other end extends to the fire line jack and the neutral line of the leg jack group respectively. Jack, when the household f« head same day « enters the fire line jack and the zero line jack when driving the household / pole, the household push rod is driven by the M spring to hold the fiber button.
本发明通在插座的插? l且的硬件电路内连接一热释红外感应器,其可以續滪定 范围内人体的存在与否, 并通一检测开关检测插座的插«入信息, 控制模 收并处 理人# 在信息和插 入信息,借 it 制继电器输出模块,进而控制插座电源的通断。 当插孔组的火线插孔和零线插孔同时有插头插入并且热释红外感应器感应不到周围人 体的存在时, 该插子 l且的电源観。更好的是, 本发明可以 制模鹏制延日 电源, 借此可以防 ± 电, 保证人身的 。 附图说明 The invention connects a pyroelectric infrared sensor in the hardware circuit of the socket and can continuously continue the presence or absence of the human body in the range of the detection, and detects the insertion information of the socket through the detection switch. Combine and process people # In the information and insert information, use the relay relay output module to control the power on and off of the outlet. When the FireWire jack and the neutral jack of the jack set have plugs inserted at the same time, the pyroelectric infrared sensor does not sense the surrounding people. When the body is present, the power of the plug is 観. More preferably, the invention can be used to mold the extended power source of the Peng system, thereby preventing the electric power and ensuring the personal body. DRAWINGS
图 1是本发明智能防触电插座的电路结构图;  1 is a circuit structural diagram of a smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 2是本发明智能防触电插座一实施例的轴视图;  2 is an axial view of an embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 3是本发明智能防触电插座一实施例的俯视图;  3 is a top plan view of an embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 4是本发明智能防触电插座一实施例的剖视图;  Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view showing an embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 5是本发明智能防触电插座另一实施例的电路图;  Figure 5 is a circuit diagram of another embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 6是本发明智能防触电插座另一实施例的轴视图;  Figure 6 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 7是本发明智能防触电插座另一实施例的俯视图;  7 is a top plan view of another embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 8是本发明智能防触电插座另一实施例的正视图;  Figure 8 is a front elevational view of another embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention;
图 9是本发明一实施例的热释红外感应器的示意图。 ^ m^  Figure 9 is a schematic illustration of a pyroelectric infrared sensor in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. ^ m^
为了使本发明的目的、 技术方案及优点更加清楚明白, 以下结合附图及实施例, 对 本发明进 ¾¾一频细说明。应当繊军,此处所描述的具体实施例仅侧以解释本发明, 并不用于限定本发明。  In order to make the objects, the technical solutions and the advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
图 1是本发明智能防触电插座的电路结构图, 该智能防触电插座的电腕括至少一 热释红外感应器 10、 至少一检测开关 20、 至少一继电器输出模块 30、 控制模块 40, 及 电源模块 50, 其中  1 is a circuit diagram of a smart anti-shock socket of the present invention, the wrist of the smart anti-shock socket includes at least one pyroelectric infrared sensor 10, at least one detection switch 20, at least one relay output module 30, a control module 40, and Power module 50, wherein
热释红外感应器 10, 与控制模块 40连接, 用于在热释红外感应范围内检测插座周 围是否有人將在, 并将人將在信息传邀合控制模块 40。根据感应范围的不同, 可以 选择不同的红外感应器以满足不同的需求。  The pyroelectric infrared sensor 10 is connected to the control module 40 for detecting whether a person is present around the socket in the range of the pyroelectric infrared sensing range, and the person will be invited to the control module 40. Depending on the sensing range, different infrared sensors can be selected to meet different needs.
检测开关 20, 与控制模块 40连接, 用于检测插孔组是否有插«入, 并^ ®« 入信息传送给控制模块 40。对于包括 N孔(零线插孔) 60或 L孔(火线插孔) 70和 E 孔(保护地线插孔) 80的三孔插座, 如图 2和图 3所示, 有时会有导体 爵入 N孔 60 或 L孔 70, 也有时会因为误操作出现三孔同日«入导体或插头的情况, 检测开关 20检 测到某一插入情况后, 入信息 ^合控制模块 40。  The detection switch 20 is connected to the control module 40 for detecting whether the jack group is plugged in, and the information is transmitted to the control module 40. For a three-hole socket that includes an N-hole (zero-line jack) 60 or L-hole (firewire jack) 70 and an E-hole (protective ground jack) 80, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, there are sometimes conductors. When entering the N hole 60 or the L hole 70, there are cases where three holes are inserted into the conductor or the plug due to an erroneous operation. When the detecting switch 20 detects a certain insertion condition, the information is controlled by the control module 40.
继电器输出模块 30, 一端与控制模块 40连接, 另夕卜两端分别与插子 ϋ且的 N孔 60 和 L孔 70连接, 该继电器输出模块 30受控制模块 40控制, 其用于接收控制模块 40的 命令控制插座电源的通断。 鶴的, 本发明的继电器输出模块 30包括一隔离继电器, 该隔离继电器具有强电电气隔离特性, 即^^电气孔在没有插 入时隔离继电》!于 未工作状态, 各电气孔不带电。 当有插头插入时, 插座的 N孔 60、 L孔 70及触摸点三 者实现与逻辑, 隔离继电器动作, 使插头正常供电, 当插 出时, 电路自动复位到电 气隔离状态。 The relay output module 30 has one end connected to the control module 40, and the N-holes 60 respectively connected to the plugs Connected to the L-hole 70, the relay output module 30 is controlled by the control module 40 for receiving the command of the control module 40 to control the on and off of the socket power supply. The relay output module 30 of the present invention includes an isolation relay having a strong electrical and electrical isolation characteristic, that is, the ^^ electrical hole is isolated from the relay when not inserted. In the non-operating state, the electrical holes are not charged. When a plug is inserted, the N hole 60, the L hole 70 and the touch point of the socket realize the logic and the isolation relay operates to make the plug supply power normally. When the plug is inserted, the circuit is automatically reset to the electrical isolation state.
控制模块 40,是电 ¾¾制的主要部件,其接收人储在信息和插 «入信息并进行 处理分析,当获知插? l且的 N孔 60和 L孔 70同时有插 «入并雄座周围己没有人体 存在时, 控制模块 40控制继电器输出模块 30接通插孔组电源, 否则控制继电器输出模 块 30关断插? L t电源。控制模块 40可以采用单片机或集成电路芯片, 本发明优 单片机作为控制单元。  The control module 40 is the main component of the electric system, and the receiver stores the information and inserts the information and performs the processing analysis. When the N hole 60 and the L hole 70 are known to be inserted, the M hole and the L hole 70 are simultaneously inserted into the seat. When there is no human body around, the control module 40 controls the relay output module 30 to turn on the power of the jack group, otherwise the control relay output module 30 turns off the power supply. The control module 40 can employ a single chip microcomputer or an integrated circuit chip, and the present invention is a control unit.
电源模块 50, 与热释红外感应器 10、继电器输出模块 30、检测开关 20和控制模块 40均连接, 并为各模: 共工作电源。 该电源模块 50包括一 AC 220V/DC 5V ¾i器, 该¾器将 AC 220V转换为 DC 5Vc借此,电源模块 50包括 DC 5V输出端和 AC 220V 输出端,结合图 5,电源模块 50的 AC 220V输出 隔离继电器开关连接于插座的 L 孔 70和 N孔 60, DC 5V输出端则连接于幌的其它模块, 借此为各模: t媚共直 ¾:作 电源。  The power module 50 is connected to the pyroelectric infrared sensor 10, the relay output module 30, the detection switch 20, and the control module 40, and is a common mode power supply. The power module 50 includes an AC 220V/DC 5V 3⁄4i device that converts AC 220V to DC 5Vc. The power module 50 includes a DC 5V output and an AC 220V output. In combination with FIG. 5, the AC of the power module 50 The 220V output isolation relay switch is connected to the L hole 70 and the N hole 60 of the socket, and the DC 5V output terminal is connected to other modules of the ,, thereby using the power supply for each mode: t
鶴的, 控制模块 40获知插 ¾且的 N孔 60和 L孔 70同时有插«入并 插 子園围没有人储在时, 可以 预定时间控制继电器输出模块 30観戶; f¾i?li且 电源, 的时间可以根据不同需求预定为 1-30秒。 借此, 在确保没有人体的存在后 电源, 使插座更加安全, 避免了人体触电事故。  In the crane, the control module 40 knows that the N-hole 60 and the L-hole 70 of the plug-in and the plug-in and the plug-in are not stored, and the relay output module 30 can be controlled at a predetermined time; f3⁄4i?li and the power supply , the time can be scheduled for 1-30 seconds according to different needs. In this way, the power supply is ensured after the presence of the human body, so that the socket is safer and the human body electric shock accident is avoided.
本发明一实施例提供的智能防触电插座的外观结构如图 2和图 3, 插座的形状可以 根据不同的需求设计为圆形、方形或麵, 其包括壳体 100以及设置于腿壳体上的至 少一插? L且, 每个插孔lS少包括一 N孔 60和一 L孔 70, 三? 座还包括一 E孔(保 护雌插孔) 80。 当有单个的导体因为灘作插入 L孔 70或 N孔 60时, 检测开关 20 将此信息传 合控職莫块 40, 在其控制下, 无论热释红外感应器 10有无检测到人体的 存在,插座电路都不会导通。若因误操作,)1«座 N孔 60和 L孔 70同时插入导体或插 头, 同时, 若热释红外感应器 10感应到插座周围有人体的存在, 插座电路也不会导通。 借此保证了插座的 生。  The appearance of the smart anti-shock socket provided by an embodiment of the present invention is as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 . The shape of the socket can be designed as a circle, a square or a surface according to different requirements, and includes a housing 100 and a leg housing. At least one plug L, each jack lS includes an N hole 60 and an L hole 70, and the third socket further includes an E hole (protecting the female jack) 80. When there is a single conductor because the beach is inserted into the L hole 70 or the N hole 60, the detecting switch 20 transmits the information to the control block 40, under which the pyroelectric infrared sensor 10 detects the human body. Exist, the socket circuit will not turn on. If the operation is made by mistake, the 1" seat N hole 60 and the L hole 70 are simultaneously inserted into the conductor or the plug. At the same time, if the pyroelectric infrared sensor 10 senses the presence of a human body around the socket, the socket circuit will not be turned on. This ensures the birth of the socket.
本发明的智能防触电插座可以包括两个以上的插孔组, 如图 6和图 7所示的实施例 中, 插座包括四應 当某一插孔组被観电源后, 若控制模块 40根据插 «入 信息获知插头^MWL且的 ^^插孔和 /或零线插孔拨出, 贝 I腔制模块 40控制继电器 输出模块 30关断插子 l且电源; 否则, 始 纖? L且电源。借此, 在多插子 l且的 攝中, 已经正常工作的插孔组, 不受别的插孔组霞的影响。 The smart anti-shock socket of the present invention may include more than two jack sets, as shown in the embodiments of FIGS. 6 and 7. In the socket, the socket 4 should be powered by a certain jack group. If the control module 40 knows the plug ^MWL and the jack and/or the neutral jack according to the input information, the shell is made. Module 40 controls relay output module 30 to turn off plug 1 and power; otherwise, start fiber L and power. Thereby, in the multi-plug l, the jack group that has been working normally is not affected by the other jack group.
更好的是, 本发明的智能防触电插座也可以应用在固定式的插座上。如图 8所示的 实施例中, 为方便不同场合的個, 可以!雜能防触电插座固定于墙壁上, 该插座的结 构如上戶 f¾。借此, 本发明的插 J«移动式和固定式两种不同形式的应用。  More preferably, the smart anti-shock socket of the present invention can also be applied to a fixed socket. In the embodiment shown in Fig. 8, in order to facilitate different occasions, it is possible! The tamper-proof electric shock socket is fixed to the wall, and the structure of the socket is the same as the f3⁄4. Thereby, the invention is inserted into two different forms of applications, the mobile type and the fixed type.
本发明的智能防触电插座的热释红外感应器 10设置于插座壳体 100上, 检测开关 The pyroelectric infrared sensor 10 of the smart anti-shock socket of the present invention is disposed on the socket housing 100, and detects the switch
20、继电器输出模块 30、控制模块 40以及电源模块 50均设置于壳体 100内。鶴的, ^^插座|±还设有一工作状态 ί际灯 90, 该工作状态^ ^灯 90与控制模块 40连接, ί际灯 90如图 5戶 ^电路中的 LED0, 当继电器输出模块 30観插孔组电源时, 控制 模块 40控制工作状态 ί际灯 90显示第一颜色; 当继电器输出模块 30关断插子 l且电源 时, 控制模块 40控制戶 作状态 ί际灯 90显示第二颜色, 本发明的实施例中, m& 的将第—颜色设为乡絶, 将第二颜色设为红色。借此 湖睡工作状态。 20. The relay output module 30, the control module 40, and the power module 50 are all disposed in the housing 100. Crane's, ^^ socket|± also has a working state, the light lamp 90, the working state ^ ^ lamp 90 is connected with the control module 40, the light lamp 90 is as shown in Figure 5, the LED0 in the circuit, when the relay output module 30 When the jack group is powered, the control module 40 controls the working state. The lamp 90 displays the first color. When the relay output module 30 turns off the plug 1 and the power is turned on, the control module 40 controls the state of the user. Color, in the embodiment of the present invention, m& is set to the first color, and the second color is set to red. Take the lake to sleep.
图 4是本发明智能防触电插座一实施例的剖视图, 智能防触电插座的壳体 100包括相 互固定的上壳体 1和下壳 #2, 肚壳体 1和下壳 #2接合处套设有装饰圈 3, 该装饰圈 3可 以使插座類大方, 且防 壳体 1和下壳 #2脱落。在该实施例中, 检测开 0包括推 杆 4、弹簧 5和按 6, 推杆 4一端分别与戶? »簧5和按键 6相 », 另一端分别延伸至插 子 l a^N孔 60禾 PL孔 70。 当电源插 入时, 插头推销驱动推杆 4, 推杆 4经由弹 ^5驱动 使推杆 4顶住按键 6, 当电源插头完全插入, 者离开插座一定范围, 热释红外感应器 10感应不到人体后, 电路导通, 或者延时几秒后导通。延时的时间由控制模 0控制, 其由预先 ¾\的软件禾 决定。 因此, 延时的长短可以根据不同的需求设计。  4 is a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the smart anti-electric shock socket of the present invention, the housing 100 of the smart anti-shock socket includes an upper casing 1 and a lower casing #2 fixed to each other, and a joint of the belly casing 1 and the lower casing #2 There is a decorative ring 3 which can make the socket type generous and prevent the casing 1 and the lower casing #2 from coming off. In this embodiment, the detecting open 0 includes the push rod 4, the spring 5 and the pressing 6. The one end of the push rod 4 is respectively associated with the household » spring 5 and the button 6 , and the other end extends to the insert la ^ N hole 60 PL hole 70. When the power is plugged in, the plug pushes the drive push rod 4, and the push rod 4 drives the push rod 4 against the button 6 via the elastic motor 5, and when the power plug is fully inserted, the driver releases the socket to a certain extent, and the pyroelectric infrared sensor 10 does not sense. After the human body, the circuit is turned on, or turned on after a few seconds. The time delay is controlled by the control mode 0, which is determined by the software of the pre-program. Therefore, the length of the delay can be designed according to different needs.
更好的是, 在两个以上的插孔组电路结构中, 可以用一个控制模块 40控制两个或 多个插座的电源通断, 同样的, 多个插 且也可以共用热释红外感应器 10,如图 5示出 的实施例的电路中,两个插座共受一个 PIC单片机的控制,且只用一热释红外感应器 10, 借此可以节省电路器件紘  More preferably, in more than two jack group circuit structures, one control module 40 can be used to control the power on and off of two or more sockets. Similarly, multiple plugs can also share the pyroelectric infrared sensor. 10. In the circuit of the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the two sockets are controlled by a single PIC microcontroller, and only one pyroelectric infrared sensor 10 is used, thereby saving circuit components.
综上腿, 本发明謝在插座的插孔组的硬件电路内连接一热释红外感应器, 其可 以纖滪定范围内人体的存在与否, 并通一检测开关检测插座的插«入信息, 控制模 ±避收并处理人條在信息和插 «入信息, 借 It啦制继电器输出模块, 进而控制插座 电源的通断。 当插^且的 插孔和零线插孔同时有插 «入并且热释红外感应:»应 不到周围人体的存在时, 该插子 l且的电源 ¾¾。 更好的是, 本发明可以 Mffi制模鹏 制延时 电源, 借此可以防 电, 保证人身的安全。 In summary, the present invention connects a pyroelectric infrared sensor in the hardware circuit of the socket group of the socket, which can determine the presence or absence of the human body within the range of the fiber, and detects the insertion of the socket through the detection switch. , Control mode ± avoid and process the strips in the information and insert the information, use the It relay relay output module, and then control the power of the outlet. When the jack and the neutral jack are plugged in at the same time, there is a plug-in and hot-release infrared sensing: » should When the presence of the surrounding human body is not present, the power supply of the plug is 3⁄4⁄4. More preferably, the present invention can be used to mold the delay power supply of the Mffi, thereby preventing power and ensuring personal safety.
当然, 本发明还可有其它多种实施例, 在不背离本发明精神及其实质的情况下, 熟 悉本领域的技术人员当可根据本发明作出各种相应的改变和变形, 但这些相应的改变和 都应属于本发明所附的权利要求的傲户范围。  There are a variety of other embodiments of the present invention, and various modifications and changes can be made thereto in accordance with the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Changes and modifications are intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
1、一种基于热释红外检测的智能防触电插座, 包括壳体以及體于繊壳体上的 至少一插確! 少包括一^ ^插孔和一零线插孔, 其特征在于! ^ 防触电插座还包括:  1. A smart anti-electric shock socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection, comprising a housing and at least one insert on the crucible housing! Less includes a ^ ^ jack and a zero line jack, which is characterized by! ^ Anti-shock socket also includes:
至少一热释红外感应器, 用于在热释红外感应范围内检测戶 座周围是否有人体 存在, 并将人储在信息传還合控制模块;  At least one pyroelectric infrared sensor for detecting the presence of a human body around the living room in the range of the pyroelectric infrared sensing range, and storing the person in the information transfer control module;
至少一检测开关, 用于检测戶 孔组是否有插 入, 并漏«入信息传邀合 控制模块;  At least one detecting switch is configured to detect whether the household hole group is inserted, and leaks into the information transmission and control module;
至少一继电器输出模块, 其一端与控制模块连接, 另外两端分别与戶 M^l且的火 线插孔和零线插磁接;  At least one relay output module, one end of which is connected with the control module, and the other ends are respectively connected with the fire wire jack and the neutral wire of the household M^l;
控制模块, 用于接收并处 «¾人#^在信 m «¾is入信息, 当获知 ras i且 的火线插孔和零线插孔同时有插 «入并 座周围已没有人# 在时, m 模:^ $制戶 电器输出模:^通戶†M孔组电源, 否则控制戶 M 电器输出模: ^断 戶 ί¾!孔组电源; 以及  The control module is used to receive and enter the information of «3⁄4人#^ in the letter m «3⁄4is, when the las i and the zero line jack are known to be inserted at the same time, there is no one around the seat. m mode: ^ $ household electrical output module: ^ pass household † M hole group power supply, otherwise control household M electrical output module: ^ disconnect ί3⁄4! Hole set power supply;
电源模块, 分别与腿热释红外感应器、继电器输出模块、检测开关和控制模块连 接。  The power module is connected to the leg thermal release infrared sensor, the relay output module, the detection switch and the control module.
2、 根据权利要求 1戶 的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, m  2. A smart anti-shock socket according to claim 1, wherein m
插? l且的^ ^插孔和零线插孔同时有插細入并 座周围没有人 在时, & 预定时间控制戶 M S电器输出模 戶 Mi孔组电源。 The ^ ^ jack and the neutral jack are plugged in at the same time and there is no one around the seat. & The scheduled time control unit M S electrical output module Mi hole group power supply.
3、根据权利要求 2戶; M的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, 戶 ¾ 的预定时间为 3, according to claim 2; M smart anti-shock socket, characterized in that the predetermined time of the household is
1~30秒。 1~30 seconds.
4、 根据权利要求 1所述的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, 所述壳体上设有两个以 上的插孔组, 某一插孔组被観电源后, 若戶; ¾¾制模块根据戶 入信息获知所 藤头 孔组的火线插孔和 /或零线插孔拨出,则戶 i¾g制模雜制戶 M 电器输 出模块关断戶 MM且电源; 否则, 始 擁通戶 Mi孔组电源。  The smart anti-shock socket according to claim 1, wherein the housing is provided with two or more jack sets, and after a certain jack group is powered by the power source, the user module is configured according to If the user enters the information and knows that the FireWire jack and/or the neutral jack of the Tengtou hole group are dialed out, the household i3⁄4g molds the household electrical appliance output module shuts off the MM and the power supply; otherwise, the general manager Mi hole Group power supply.
5、 根据权利要求 1舰的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, 腿热释红外感应器设 置于纖壳体上, 纖检测开关、 继电器输出模块、控制模块以及电源模块均设置于所 述壳体内。  5. The intelligent anti-shock socket of the ship according to claim 1, wherein the leg thermal release infrared sensor is disposed on the fiber casing, and the fiber detecting switch, the relay output module, the control module and the power module are disposed in the casing. .
6、 根据权利要求 1戶 的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, 戶 ¾电器输出模块包 括一具有强电电气隔离特性的隔离继电器。 6. The intelligent anti-shock socket of claim 1 wherein the consumer electrical output module comprises an isolation relay having strong electrical and electrical isolation characteristics.
7、根据权利要求 1戶 M的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, 戶 ¾¾座组还包括一保 护職插孔。 7. The intelligent anti-shock socket of claim 1 wherein the household unit further comprises a protective jack.
8、根据权利要求 1繊的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, 腿 插座组上设有 一工作状态 灯, 该工作状态 ί际灯与戶¾¾制模块连接; 戶 ¾ 电器输出模埘魏 戶 Mi孔组电源时, 戶 制模驗制戶 作状态指示灯显示第一颜色; 腿逢电器 输出模块关断戶 fM^l且电源时, 戶 制模體制戶 ¾ι作状态 ί际灯显示第二颜 色。  8. The intelligent anti-shock socket according to claim 1 , wherein the leg socket group is provided with a working state lamp, and the working state is connected with the module of the household; the household electrical output module Wei Wei Mi hole When the power is set, the status indicator of the household model is displayed as the first color; when the output module of the household appliance is turned off and the power is turned off, the household mode system is used to display the second color.
9、根据权利要求 1所述的智能防触电插座, 其特征在于, 所述壳体包括相互固定 的上壳体和下壳体, _§ ¾Ji壳体和下壳體合处套设有一装饰圈。  9. The intelligent anti-shock socket according to claim 1, wherein the housing comprises an upper housing and a lower housing fixed to each other, and the housing and the lower housing are sleeved with a decorative ring. .
10、根据权利要求 1戶 M的智能防触电插座,其特征在于,戶 ί¾检测开关包括推杆、 弹簧和按键, 臓推 端分别与戶 f»簧和按键相纏, 另一端分别延伸到 i¾i孔 组的 插孔和零线插孔, 当戶 Mii头同日 «入戶 M火线插孔和零线插孔时驱动戶 推 杆, 戶 M推杆经由戶細单簧驱动顶住難按键。  10. The intelligent anti-shock socket according to claim 1, wherein the household switch comprises a push rod, a spring and a button, and the push end is respectively wrapped with the home f»spring and the button, and the other end extends to the i3⁄4i respectively. The jack of the hole group and the zero-line jack, when the Mii head of the household is on the same day «the home M fire line jack and the zero line jack drive the household push rod, the household M push rod drives the hard button through the thin single spring drive.
PCT/CN2010/001950 2010-01-05 2010-12-03 Intelligent electric-shock protection socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection WO2011082514A1 (en)

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CN201278519Y (en) * 2008-10-14 2009-07-22 赵卫东 Socket type infrared electric power control apparatus
CN101752749A (en) * 2010-01-05 2010-06-23 湖南奥盟电器有限公司 Intelligent electric-shock protection socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection
CN201699251U (en) * 2010-01-05 2011-01-05 湖南奥盟电器有限公司 Intelligent shock-preventive socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection

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CN101414719A (en) * 2007-10-15 2009-04-22 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Safety socket
CN201256220Y (en) * 2008-08-25 2009-06-10 姜树德 Induction safety socket circuit
CN201278519Y (en) * 2008-10-14 2009-07-22 赵卫东 Socket type infrared electric power control apparatus
CN101752749A (en) * 2010-01-05 2010-06-23 湖南奥盟电器有限公司 Intelligent electric-shock protection socket based on pyroelectric infrared detection
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CN105896200A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-08-24 广西新全通电子技术有限公司 Surge prevention socket

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