WO2011050571A1 - Rotary piston engine - Google Patents

Rotary piston engine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2011050571A1
WO2011050571A1 PCT/CN2010/001694 CN2010001694W WO2011050571A1 WO 2011050571 A1 WO2011050571 A1 WO 2011050571A1 CN 2010001694 W CN2010001694 W CN 2010001694W WO 2011050571 A1 WO2011050571 A1 WO 2011050571A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
piston
diameter
clutch
oil
groove
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2010/001694
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金哲根
Original Assignee
Jin Zhegen
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN200910209804.1 priority Critical
Priority to CN 200910209804 priority patent/CN101696653A/en
Application filed by Jin Zhegen filed Critical Jin Zhegen
Publication of WO2011050571A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011050571A1/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01CROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01C1/00Rotary-piston machines or engines
    • F01C1/02Rotary-piston machines or engines of arcuate-engagement type, i.e. with circular translatory movement of co-operating members, each member having the same number of teeth or tooth-equivalents
    • F01C1/063Rotary-piston machines or engines of arcuate-engagement type, i.e. with circular translatory movement of co-operating members, each member having the same number of teeth or tooth-equivalents with coaxially-mounted members having continuously-changing circumferential spacing between them
    • F01C1/073Rotary-piston machines or engines of arcuate-engagement type, i.e. with circular translatory movement of co-operating members, each member having the same number of teeth or tooth-equivalents with coaxially-mounted members having continuously-changing circumferential spacing between them having pawl-and-ratchet type drive
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01CROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01C21/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in groups F01C1/00 - F01C20/00
    • F01C21/008Driving elements, brakes, couplings, transmissions specially adapted for rotary or oscillating-piston machines or engines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01CROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01C21/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in groups F01C1/00 - F01C20/00
    • F01C21/18Arrangements for admission or discharge of the working fluid, e.g. constructional features of the inlet or outlet

Abstract

Disclosed is a rotary piston engine which includes a cylinder body (1), a cylinder head (15), two sets of pistons (3A, 4B) and clutches(10, 42), wherein two sets of pistons (3A, 4B) are respectively arranged on the outer diameter of a base and a piston hub (63). The clutch includes a one-way overrun clutch mounted in the inner diameter of the piston hub and a controlled one-way overrun clutch mounted in the inner diameter of a hollow shaft (32) on the out side face of the piston hub. When any one set of pistons rotate, intake, compression, working and exhaust are carried out at the same time. The position of one set of pistons when its compression stoke is over is behind the other set of pistons at its combustion and expansion stokes so that the rotational inertial force of piston can be relieved. The rotary piston engine has a simple and compact structure and good sealing property can be enabled.

Description

 Rotary piston engine Technical field:

 The present invention relates to an internal combustion engine, and more particularly to a rotary piston engine.

 Background technique:

 At present, domestic and international practical internal combustion engines mainly include reciprocating piston engines and triangular piston rotary engines (referred to as rotary engines). Reciprocating piston engines are only about 40% inefficient and high in weight G/Ne, low in power Ne/zVh, and sewage. many. The rotor engine has lower efficiency than the reciprocating piston engine G/Ne. However, the seal is not good, the compression ratio cannot be high, so it has not been made into a diesel engine until now, and the output torque is small at the same displacement, and the performance is not as good as that of the reciprocating piston engine. Not universally used. In order to overcome the above shortcomings, many rotary piston engines have been invented, but they are not practical because of the inertial force of the piston walking, stopping, and walking, and the engagement and separation problems of the piston and the main shaft, and the consumption of the variable volume working chamber. Energy is reduced in efficiency and complex in structure.

 Summary of the invention:

 The rotary wing piston engine (referred to as a rotary wing engine) of the present invention is mainly composed of two sets of pistons, a main shaft and a clutch, a pull-out member and a brake of a clutch puller which are disposed in a sealed cylinder body.

 A pair of hollow shafts are connected to the piston hubs of the two groups, and a controllable one-way overrunning clutch is installed in the inner diameter of the hollow shaft. The inner diameter of the clutch is installed in the inner diameter of the clutch. The axis of the hollow shaft and the main shaft of the two pistons are the same line, and the main shaft rotates continuously. The piston shafts are rotated at independent circumferential angles, and the rotation and the spindle are rotated or separated to stop.

 When a set of pistons is stopped, the space inside the cylinder is isolated into two or more enclosed spaces. In this space, another set of pistons and the main shaft are engaged at an angle of rotation to work, and the piston group is stopped at the same time as the exhaust gas, compression, work, and exhaust. The rotational inertia force at the time is eliminated by the combustion pressure of the next other piston work.

 The above structure makes the piston have no impact force on the cylinder body, good sealing performance, small vibration of the whole machine, high ratio of total volume to displacement, and the structure of the clutch and the brake consisting of walking, stopping and walking is to solve the separation from the main shaft when the piston is stopped. The problem is therefore the ability to manufacture a rotary piston engine with better performance.

 First, the working principle of the diesel rotor engine will be explained.

The structure of the diesel rotor engine is the group A piston 3 in the cylinder 1 shown in Fig. 1. The piston hub has wing-shaped A1 and A3 pistons, and the group B piston 4 has wing-shaped B2 and B4 pistons on the piston hub, A, B. The piston sets are placed in the cylinder and can only be rotated within the two pistons. When the other shaft is engaged with the main shaft, the other piston is separated from the main shaft for intermittent rotation.

 The one-way overrunning clutch 10 is the outer ring active (piston side) inner ring driven (spindle 2), installed in the piston hub, and the controllable one-way overrunning clutch 42 is the outer ring driven (piston side) inner ring The moving (spindle 2) is installed in the inner diameter of the hollow shaft of the piston, that is, the A and B piston sets are each equipped with a one-way overrunning clutch and a controllable one-way overrunning clutch. Each of the A and B sets of piston hollow shafts is connected with a brake.

 Intake stroke a: The starter rotates the spindle 2 and its torque passes through the controllable one-way overrunning clutch on the piston side of group A to rotate the group A piston. At this time, the rear of the A1 piston generates negative pressure suction, and the air passes through the air inlet 5 When the front part of the A1 piston in the cylinder is rotated to the position of the injector 8, the pull-out of the one-way overrunning clutch 42 is controlled to pull the inner and outer rings of the clutch to disengage the group A piston from the main shaft 2, and the group A piston side brake wheel system The piston stops rotating and cannot be reversed. It can only be forwarded to a piston end face arc length and the end of the intake stroke.

 Compression stroke b: Group A piston stops while Group B piston side controllable one-way overrunning clutch engages with spindle and Group B piston to rotate B2 piston. B2 piston rear air intake front air compresses to A1 piston rear. This compressed air pushes A1 piston, A1 piston combustion chamber 9 just to the injector position, the pin pin blocks the brake piston of Group A of the brake groove, and stops the A1 piston. At this time, the front part of the B2 piston abuts against the rear of the A1 piston. Compressed into the combustion chamber 9 while the B-group piston side controllable one-way overrunning clutch pulls the clutch inner and outer rings to disengage the B group piston and the main shaft, while the B group piston side brake wheel brakes, the B2 piston cannot reverse At this point, the compressed air pressure and temperature rise in the combustion chamber can ignite the fuel, and the compression stroke is finished. Work stroke c: When the B2 piston compression stroke is finished, the brakes of Group A piston are released. At this time, the pistons of Group A can control the inner and outer rings of the overrunning clutch to rotate. At the same time, the fuel injector 8 sprays fuel, and the fuel combustion works to promote the A1 piston. Rotating, the A3 pistons connected together also rotate, and the front air of the A3 piston compresses the rear intake air, while the one-way overrunning clutch 10 in the A-group piston hub engages the rotating spindle 2 to output power.

 Exhaust stroke d: A3 piston front compression stroke end A1 piston rear combustion chamber 9 has started to exhaust the exhaust gas to the exhaust port 6, and the combustion chamber 9 to the front portion of the scavenging port 62 has another blower blows the wind through the scavenging duct. 7 Sweep the residual exhaust gas in the combustion chamber.

Normal engine operation e: A1 piston is connected to the front of the A3 piston and the air is compressed to the rear of the next combustion work piston B2. This air pressure pushes the combustion chamber of the B2 piston to the position of the injector 8 when the A3 piston Close to the rear of the B2 piston, the air is compressed into the combustion chamber, and the compression stroke is finished. At the same time, the injector is injected with fuel, and the fuel is burned. The B2 piston performs work rotation. At this time, the inner and outer rings of the one-way overrunning clutch 10 in the piston side of the B group are engaged with the rotating main shaft. 2 output power, B2 piston rear work and front exhaust, the front of the B4 piston is compressed to compress the rear air to prepare for the next cycle, that is, normal operation after engine start, intake, compression , work and exhaust are carried out at the same time, so no flywheel is needed. At this time, the combustion pressure at the rear of the B2 piston stops the rotation of the A3 piston at the end of the compression stroke, and the rotational inertia force of the A-group piston is eliminated. The rotation direction of the A-group piston and the B-group piston is the same, so the rotation inertia of the A-group piston The energy is added to the gas on the back of the B2 piston to improve efficiency.

 In summary, the cycle process of the rotor engine intake, compression, work, exhaust, and four strokes is reasonable. DRAWINGS

 Figure 1 is a four-stroke working principle diagram of the rotary wing engine of the present invention

 Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the rotor engine of the present invention

 Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of the cylinder block and the piston of the present invention

 Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of the cylinder head of the present invention

 Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of the piston of the present invention

 Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view of the cooling water passage of the cylinder head of the present invention

 Figure 7 is a perspective view of the cylinder head, cylinder block and piston in the present invention.

 Figure 8 is a perspective view of the piston, the controllable one-way overrunning clutch and the brake wheel of the present invention.

 1 cylinder, 2 spindle, 3 A piston, 4 B piston, 5 peripheral air inlet, 6 peripheral exhaust port, 7 scavenging pipe, 8 injector, 9 combustion chamber, 10 one-way overrunning clutch , 11 cylinder cooling water outlet, 12 cooling water channel, 13 cooling water channel wall, 14 cylinder cooling water inlet, 15 cylinder head, 16 cylinder head gasket, 17 end air inlet, 18 end air outlet, 19 cylinder head cooling Water inlet, 20 cylinder head cooling water outlet, 21 cooling water channel, 22 ribs, 23 bolt holes, 24 cylinder head bolts, 25 hollow shaft hub seal ring grooves, 26 pistons, 27 piston inner chambers, 28 right angle rotary valves, 29 Hollow shaft oil hole, 30 cooling oil inlet, 31 cooling oil outlet, 32 piston hollow shaft, 33 piston hub gas, oil seal ring groove, 34 piston seal oil hole, 35 piston oil seal groove, 36 piston gas seal groove, 37 Piston right angle seal, 38 spring, 39 threaded hole, 40 plain bearing, 41 cylinder bolt, 42 controllable one-way overrunning clutch, 43 clutch puller, 44 lever, 45 sliding disc, 46 brake wheel, 47 bolt Hole, 48 brake groove, 49 pin, 50 cam 51 camshaft, 52 cam bearing support, 53 camshaft bearing, 54 driven gear, 55 shaft gear, 56 oil outlet, 57 drive gear, 58 fan, 59 bearing frame, 60 main bearing, 61 bearing cap, 62 sweep Air port, 63 piston hub, 64 arc hole, 65 bevel leg piece, 66 bushing. An embodiment of the present invention will now be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The main structure of the diesel rotor engine is that the cylinder 1 is fixedly mounted on the base, and there are more than one peripheral air inlet 5 on the cylinder, the air inlet is connected to the air filter, and more than one exhaust gas is used. Peripheral exhaust port 6, more than one peripheral scavenging port 62 and more than one peripheral scavenging tube 7, exhaust port and The scavenging port is connected to the exhaust pipe. The purpose of the scavenging port 62 is to blow out the residual exhaust gas in the piston combustion chamber after the air blown from the air blower 7 is blown by the air blower.

 There is more than one injector 8 on the cylinder. The fuel is pumped by the high-pressure oil pump into the injector to inject fuel. The injection time is from the position of the piston combustion chamber 9 to the injector and the inside and outside of the controllable one-way overrunning clutch. The ring contact or disengagement time is set, and if the position of the combustion chamber 9 to the injector is replaced by a magnetic clutch, the magnetic clutch is turned on or off to set.

 There is a peripheral cooling water inlet on the cylinder block. 14. The cooling water is pumped from the radiator tank through the water pump into the cooling water passage of the cylinder body body. 12 The cylinder body is cooled and then returned to the water tank through the cooling water outlet.

 Bolts 41 for mounting the cylinder head evenly distributed on the end faces on both sides of the cylinder block.

 A and B sets of piston hubs have a ring groove 33 for the gas seal ring and the oil seal ring on the side, and a large-diameter seal ring groove on one side is a gas seal ring groove, and the outer diameter of the ring groove is equidistant More than one horn-shaped protrusion groove, a circular gas seal ring with a horn-shaped protrusion on the inner side of the gas seal ring groove, a circular seal ring on the inner side of the seal ring, the seal ring joint and the seal with the protrusion The joint of the ring is staggered, and the small-diameter seal ring groove on the other side is an oil seal ring groove. The groove is communicated with the cooling oil outlet through the oil hole. The oil seal ring is composed of more than one inner ring and outer ring. The joints of the ring are staggered and installed in the ring groove, and the bottom of the gas and oil seal ring has a spring. The gas seal ring and the oil seal ring prevent the gas in the cylinder from leaking between the two sets of piston hubs, and the hollow shaft hub has A sealing ring groove 25 of a horn-shaped protrusion, a sealing ring having a horn-shaped protrusion is disposed on the inner and outer sides of the hollow shaft hub sealing ring groove, and a circular sealing ring is further disposed on the inner side of the sealing ring.

 The rotary wing engine piston is composed of two sets of pistons A and B. Each set of piston hub has two or more pistons 26 fixedly connected on the outer diameter thereof. The A and B piston sets are mutually placed in the cylinder body, and the piston hollow shaft axis and The axis of the main shaft 2 is the same line, and the piston rotates on the central circumference of the axis. Each of the pistons has a combustion chamber 9, an inner chamber 27, and two or more gas seal groove grooves 36 and one communicating with each other on the peripheral and both end faces. The oil seal groove 35 of the above oil seal groove is supplied by the oil hole 34 which is interconnected by the inner cavity 27, and the air seal groove and the oil seal groove are respectively placed with two or more rectangular gas seals of two sides which are not equal in length. The sheet and the oil sealing sheet 37, and the same gas and oil sealing sheet, are stacked in a gas and oil sealing groove, and the gas sealing sheet and the oil sealing sheet are used to prevent the piston and the cylinder, Air leaks in the cylinder head clearance. ,

The inner diameters of the piston hubs of the two groups A and B are respectively installed with the outer ring active (piston side) inner ring driven (spindle 2) one-way overrunning clutch 10, and the inner ring of the clutch is fixed with the key to install the main shaft 2, one-way beyond The clutch is used for torque output when the piston is working. The two sets of piston hubs are connected to the hollow shaft 32 outside, and the piston hollow shaft 32 is mounted in the inner diameter of the sliding bearing 40 on the inner diameter of the cylinder head, and a controllable one-way overrunning clutch 42 is respectively mounted in the inner diameter of the hollow shaft, and two or more concave grooves are symmetrically formed on the outer diameter of the clutch and the inner diameter of the hollow shaft 32. The cooling oil flows out of the tank, and the controllable one-way overrunning clutch 42 is an outer ring driven (piston side) inner ring active (spindle 2), and the inner ring is mounted on the main shaft by a key, and the clutch 42 is coupled with the main shaft 2 or The separation drives the piston shaft 32 to rotate to form an intermittent movement of the piston to go, stop, and walk.

 The above-mentioned controllable one-way overrunning clutch and one-way overrunning clutch can be replaced by a magnetic clutch. At this time, one piston group uses only one magnetic clutch, and the magnetic clutch is larger than the one-way overrunning clutch, so the piston hub or the piston hollow shaft is installed. When the corresponding hub or hollow shaft is made larger, a switch circuit and a power supply system synchronized with the rotation of the piston are installed, and the contacts of the switch circuit are mounted on the lower end of the pin 49, and the piston position sensor and the electronic switch circuit can also be used instead of the contacts. Switch circuit.

 The pulling of the pulling claw 43 of the controllable one-way overrunning clutch 42 is that the shaft gear 55 rotates to rotate the driven driven gear 54 together, the driven gear shaft is connected with the cam shaft 51, and the cam 50 mounted on the cam shaft rotates to push the column The upper and lower flat bottom followers of the pin 49 are moved, and the pin is mounted on the cam bearing support frame 52. The support frame is mounted on the inner diameter wall of the cylinder head, and the lower end of the stud leg member 65 is curved in the sliding disc 45. The sliding disc 45 is pushed in the hole 64. The sliding disc is filled with balls on both sides of the inner diameter of the disc, so the sliding disc is a power arm that can move laterally on the shaft and rotate circumferentially, and the sliding disc pushes the lever 44 on the clutch puller. The lever is mounted on the side of the clutch at a small angle. At this time, the rotation of the resistance arm of the lever connected to the claw causes the angle of rotation of the clutch puller 43 to separate the outer ring of the controllable one-way overrunning clutch from the inner ring, that is, The separation between the piston shaft and the main shaft is realized, and the rotation angle of the claw is adjusted by the length of both sides of the lever. The lever 44 has a return spring, and the function of the spring is to return the lever when the sliding disc has no thrust. In the original position, the main shaft and the piston shaft are engaged.

The head of the pin 49 is a sloped surface, and the upper part and the lower part each have a flat bottom follower, and the middle part of the pin has a swing spring, and the function of the spring is that the cam pushes the follower to make the pin head enter the brake groove, or the brake is released. After the groove is maintained as it is, the lower leg of the pin is pushed by the sliding leg and the head of the pin is inserted into the braking groove 48 of the brake wheel 46 to brake the piston. The front part of the braking groove is inclined and the pin head is aligned. The bevel, the brake wheel is bolted through the bolt hole 47 in the threaded hole 39 of the end face of the hollow shaft of the piston. When the brake wheel is braked, the piston cannot be reversed, but the forward rotation can be turned to a piston end face distance and then blocked. Because the length of the brake groove is so long, the role is that the piston does not reverse at the end of the compression stroke and the combustion chamber 9 can move to the position of the combustion work stroke. After the start of combustion, the pin is released from the brake groove to release the brake. Rotation, the arc length 1 of the brake groove is equal to the arc length of the piston end face corresponding to the brake groove I plus the thickness of the head of the pin after the head is inclined, that is, 1 = I + a, the piston of group B is to be braked when the piston of group A rotates The state is also the brake wheel on the hollow shaft of the pistons on both sides. Cropping system The movement and release actions are adjusted by the gear ratio of the shaft gear 55 and the driven gear 54 and each cycle of the cam, that is, δ. + δ s + δ + δ The motion angle δ of the derivation in 2 2 π. Adjust the setting with the angle of the far angle of repose δ s . The movement of the cam, the pin and the sliding disc should match the piston stroke. The rotation start time of the piston is the last injection of the injector and the next injection. Adjust the length of the previous injection injection time.

 The follower of the cam mechanism is a flat bottom member. The structure in which the cam has a follower contact in the upper and lower positions is a synchronous movement of the pin and the cam. This structure has no structure compared with a general follower and a return spring. Hysteresis.

 The magnetic clutch on time is 0. 3 or so, the magnetic clutch on time is 0. 3, the magnetic clutch on time is 0. 3, the magnetic clutch on time is 0. 3 /s, so the engine is low speed. If you want to increase the engine speed, the clutch or clutch engagement time with faster engagement and disengagement time should be advanced, that is, the clutch puller should be pulled ahead of time. The other method is engine start. The controllable one-way overrunning clutch 42 is not used when the rear rotation speed reaches a certain value. The specific method is to fix the mounting sleeve 66 on the main shaft 2, and the fulcrum of the acute angle lever is movably mounted on the hole on the sleeve, and the power arm of the lever is used. Connected to the heavy ball, the other end of the power arm is connected to the spring. The other end of the spring is connected to the sleeve. The resistance arm of the lever is shorter than the power arm, and the power arm is at the center of the fulcrum and forms an acute angle with the resistance arm. One end of the wire rope is connected, and the other end of the wire rope is connected to the power arm of the lever 44 on the claw, and the operation mode is the main shaft. When the certain speed is reached, the weight of the ball generates centrifugal force against the pulling force of the spring to pull the lever of the lever to the circumferential direction. At this time, the wire rope connected to the resistance arm pulls the lever 44, and the lever pulls the clutch 43 of the clutch 42 to make the piston shaft and the spindle Separate, the engine piston runs automatically, so the engine speed is not limited by the clutch 42, and the speed can reach a high speed. The cylinder head 15 is the same two pieces of bolts evenly distributed on both end faces of the cylinder block. 41 bolts corresponding to the bolt holes 23 are mounted on both sides of the cylinder head 15 and then tightened with a nut. A cylinder head gasket is installed between the cylinder head and the cylinder block. 16 Prevent gas leakage in the cylinder.

 A sliding bearing 40 is mounted on the inner diameter of the cylinder head, and the outer end faces of the cylinder heads on both sides have the same number of side end air inlets 17 corresponding to the cylinder inlets 5, and the air inlets 5 and 17 are connected with the air cleaner, and The cylinder exhaust port 6 corresponds to the same number of cylinder head end face exhaust ports 18, and the exhaust ports 6 and 18 are connected to the exhaust pipe. The intake port and the exhaust port have no valves, and are normally open.

There is also a cylinder head cooling water inlet 19, and the cooling water passes through the cooling water passage 21 to cool the cylinder head and then flows out through the cooling water outlet 20.

There are reinforcing ribs 22 at the lower part and the upper part of the cylinder head to enhance the rigidity. The bearing brackets 59 on the outer bolts 24 of the two cylinder heads are fixed by nuts, and the main bearing 60 is mounted on the bearing frames on both sides of the bearing. The main shaft 2 is installed, the rear part of the shaft is a power output end, and the front part of the shaft is mounted with a driving gear 57. The driving gear is engaged with the transmission chain to rotate the high-pressure fuel pump, the water pump, the oil pump, the generator, the blower and the like. The required machines are powered. These machine parts are installed at the appropriate part of the front of the engine. The front end of the main shaft 2 is equipped with a fan 58. The front of the fan has a radiator tank. The cooling water of the tank is pumped into the pipeline and into the water inlet. After cooling the cylinder block and the cylinder head, the water outlet and the return pipe are connected to the water tank to form a cooling water circulation to control the engine body temperature.

 Oil cooling and oil lubrication are the oil in the oil sump in the base. After the filter, the oil pump is used to pump the oil pipe to the right angle rotary wide 28 into the piston hollow shaft oil hole 29 and the cooling oil inlet 30 into the piston inner chamber 27 to cool the piston And the piston oil seal ring groove and the piston hub oil seal ring groove are supplied with oil and flow out through the outlet 31 to the two or more concave gaps between the controllable one-way overrunning clutch 42 and the piston hollow shaft 32 while the clutch is slid The disc, the cam, the gear, etc. are lubricated, and the oil entering the oil hole 29 is lubricated through the small hole into the sliding bearing 40. The oil cools the piston and lubricates the parts, and then returns from the oil outlet 56 to the oil sump to complete the circulation.

 If the efficiency is increased, the supercharging technology can be used. At this time, the air inlet is connected to the turbocharger air supply pipe, and the compression ratio ε is smaller.

 When the rotary wing engine is made into a gasoline engine, the above-mentioned diesel fuel injector is disassembled and replaced with a spark plug. The spark plug is connected to the ignition system, and a power supply system such as a battery, a generator, and a fuel supply system are installed, and the air inlet is connected to the chemical oil. Or electronically controlled injection device, the compression ratio ε should be adjusted to be smaller, and the gas should not be naturally ignited.

 In summary, the rotary wing engine of the present invention has no crank linkage mechanism and intake valve, exhaust valve and linkage mechanism, so mechanical wear is small, energy loss is small, noise is reduced, and the inertia force and piston of the piston stop are effectively solved. Separation and engagement with the main shaft and the re-use of the rotating inertial energy increase the efficiency, the ratio of the total volume to the displacement is high, the lifting power is high, the body is compact, and the compression ratio is arbitrarily set to manufacture a gasoline rotary wing engine or a diesel rotary wing engine.

Claims

Claim
A rotary wing piston engine comprising a cylinder block, a cylinder head, a piston, and a clutch, characterized by: a piston (26) mainly connected to an outer diameter of a base and a piston hub (63) and mounted in an inner diameter of the piston hub a one-way overrunning clutch (10) and a hollow shaft (32) connected to the outer side of the piston hub, and a controllable one-way overrunning clutch (42) mounted in the inner diameter of the hollow shaft and a pulling member of the clutch puller (43), The brake, the main shaft (2) installed in the inner diameter of the clutch (10, 42) and the cooling and lubrication system are composed. The axis of the main shaft (2) and the axis of the two sets of piston hollow shafts (32) are the same line. The inertial force at the time is eliminated by the combustion pressure of the next set of piston work.
 2. A rotary wing piston engine according to claim 1 wherein:
 On the circumferential surface of the cylinder (1) mounted on the base, there are more than one peripheral scavenging port (62) and one or more scavenging pipes (7), and the scavenging pipe is connected to the air blower.
 3. The rotary wing piston engine of claim 1 wherein:
 A pair of pistons A and B are placed in the cylinder, and each set of pistons is composed of two or more pistons (26) connected to the outer diameter of the piston hub (63), and each of the pistons has a combustion chamber (9) at the rear and Inner chamber (27), two or more right-angled air-sealed sheets (37) of two unequal lengths are arranged in the gas-tight groove on the piston, and the same gas-sealed sheet is placed in the groove, and the oil on the piston Two or more right-angled oil-sealed sheets of unequal lengths are arranged in the sealing groove, and the same oil-sealing sheets are stacked in the groove, and the piston sleeves of the two groups of A and B have air-sealing rings on each side. The piston hub gas of the oil seal ring and the oil seal ring groove (33), the outer diameter of the large diameter gas seal ring groove has a horn-shaped protrusion groove, and a gas seal ring with a horn-shaped protrusion is placed on the inner side of the ring groove. An additional circular gas seal ring is placed on the inner side of the seal ring, and two or more oil seal rings are placed in the small diameter oil seal ring groove on the side of the other side piston hub.
 4. The rotary wing piston engine of claim 1 wherein:
The piston hub (63) is connected to the piston hollow shaft (32) on the outer side surface, and has a claw-shaped hollow shaft hub seal ring groove (25) on the outer side of the piston hub, and the outer side of the groove is provided with a horn-shaped protrusion. a sealing ring, a circular gas seal ring is arranged on the inner side of the sealing ring, the hollow shaft of the piston is mounted on the inner diameter of the sliding bearing (40) in the inner diameter of the cylinder head, and the hollow shaft oil hole (29) is arranged on one side of the hollow shaft of the piston. The end of the hollow shaft of the piston has a threaded hole (39), and a one-way overrunning clutch (10) is installed in the inner cavity of the piston hub. The inner diameter of the clutch is mounted by a key (2), and a controllable one-way overrunning clutch is installed in the inner diameter of the hollow shaft of the piston ( 42) The main shaft (2) is installed in the inner diameter of the clutch. The one-way overrunning clutch (10) and the controllable one-way overrunning clutch (42) are replaced by a magnetic clutch. At this time, the power supply and switching circuit are installed, and the switch circuit is touched. Point switch circuit or electronic switch circuit. .
5. The rotary wing piston engine of claim 1 wherein:
 The claw (43) on the controllable one-way overrunning clutch (42) is one end of the contact lever (44), and the other end of the lever is a contact sliding disc (45), and the rotation angle of the claw is the length of both sides of the lever. Adjustment, the brake wheel (46) is mounted on the end face of the hollow shaft (32) of the piston, and there are more than two brake grooves (48) on the inner diameter of the brake wheel. The front part of the brake groove is a slope, the arc of the brake groove The length is equal to the arc length of the piston end face plus the thickness of the pin. The pin (49) is mounted on the cam bearing support frame (52). The support frame is mounted on the inner diameter wall of the cylinder head, and the pin head is beveled. The inclined surface of the moving groove is matched, the flat bottom follower of the upper and lower portions of the pin is connected with the cam, the middle of the pin has a swinging spring, and the lower leg of the stud (65) is an arc hole of the sliding disc (45) ( 64) Internal movement, the main shaft (2) is mounted with a bushing (66). The bushing is provided with a pivot point of an acute-angled lever. The power arm of the lever is connected with a heavy ball and a spring. The other side of the spring is connected to the shaft. On the resistance arm, one end of the wire rope is connected, and the other end of the wire rope is connected On the power arm of the lever (44) on the claw, the cam (50) is mounted on the cam shaft (51), and the cam shaft is connected to the driven gear (54), which meshes the shaft gear (55), the main shaft (2) There are shaft gears on each side.
 6. The rotary wing piston engine of claim 1 wherein:
 The cooling and lubricating oil is from the right angle rotary valve (28) into the oil hole (29) on the hollow shaft through the cooling oil inlet (30) to the piston inner chamber (27) to cool the piston and the oil outlet hole (31) through the clutch More than two concave gaps are provided between the hollow shaft of the piston and the clutch, the sliding disc, the cam and the gear are lubricated, and the sliding bearing (40) is supplied with oil.
PCT/CN2010/001694 2009-10-26 2010-10-25 Rotary piston engine WO2011050571A1 (en)

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WO2016092379A1 (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-06-16 Joseph Portelli A rotary four stroke internal combustion engine
EP3510248A4 (en) * 2017-04-20 2020-05-20 Istanbul Teknik Universitesi Internal combustion engine with a rotating piston and uni-directional rolling bear

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EP3510248A4 (en) * 2017-04-20 2020-05-20 Istanbul Teknik Universitesi Internal combustion engine with a rotating piston and uni-directional rolling bear

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