WO2011010358A1 - Travel plan creation device and communication module - Google Patents

Travel plan creation device and communication module Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2011010358A1
WO2011010358A1 PCT/JP2009/063041 JP2009063041W WO2011010358A1 WO 2011010358 A1 WO2011010358 A1 WO 2011010358A1 JP 2009063041 W JP2009063041 W JP 2009063041W WO 2011010358 A1 WO2011010358 A1 WO 2011010358A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
travel plan
information
user
vehicle
unit
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PCT/JP2009/063041
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
博昭 関山
岡本 圭介
彰次郎 竹内
俊也 林
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トヨタ自動車株式会社
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Priority to PCT/JP2009/063041 priority Critical patent/WO2011010358A1/en
Publication of WO2011010358A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011010358A1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/04Forecasting or optimisation, e.g. linear programming, "travelling salesman problem" or "cutting stock problem"
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/30Transportation; Communications

Abstract

An operation information receiving unit (214) in an operation/reservation management system (200) acquires operation information about the status that a shared vehicle (V1) which can be shared by a plurality of users is used by a user (UB). Based on the operation information of the shared vehicle (V1) acquired by the operation information receiving unit (214), a proposal information creation unit (216) in the operation/reservation management system (200) counts the possibility of variation attributable to the status that the shared vehicle (V1) is used by the user (UB) and predicts an available time during which a user (UA) can use the shared vehicle (V1), so that the available time during which the user (UA) can use the shared vehicle (V1) can be acquired in a state more appropriate to actual conditions. Moreover, the proposal information creation unit (216) creates, based on the predicted available time, a travel plan using a plurality of transportation means including the shared vehicle (V1) for the user (UA), so that the travel plan more appropriate to actual conditions can be created.

Description

Travel plan creation device and communication module

The present invention relates to a travel plan creation device and a communication module, and more particularly to a travel plan creation device for creating a travel plan using a vehicle that can be shared by a plurality of users and a communication module for communicating with the travel plan creation device. It is.

A device for creating a travel plan using a car or a railroad has been proposed. On the other hand, as a form of shared use of automobiles, there is car sharing in which one or a plurality of vehicles are shared by a plurality of users. In car sharing, one vehicle shared by a plurality of registered users is used only for the time each user wants to use. For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a system for creating a travel plan using a vehicle shared in car sharing as a means of movement.

JP 2005-182146 A

However, compared to railways, travel by car varies depending on traffic conditions such as road congestion and construction, and the travel time and arrival time at the destination. For this reason, when the vehicle operates based on the created travel plan, there is a risk that the implementation of the travel plan may be hindered due to fluctuations in traffic conditions. Unlike car sharing, which is a form that can be used only by members defined for a single vehicle, a form in which multiple vehicles are shared by an unspecified number of people is also possible. The influence by can be considered.

The present invention has been made in consideration of such circumstances, and the object of the present invention is to provide a travel plan creation device capable of creating a travel plan according to the actual situation and a communication capable of receiving a travel plan according to the actual situation. To provide a module.

The present invention relates to a travel plan creation device for creating a travel plan for use by one user among a plurality of users of a vehicle that can be shared by a plurality of users. In at least one of the future, an operation information acquisition unit that acquires operation information related to a situation used by other users among a plurality of users, and other information based on the vehicle operation information acquired by the operation information acquisition unit, A prediction unit that predicts an available time in which a user can use a vehicle among a plurality of users by taking into account the possibility of fluctuation caused by the situation in which the vehicle is used by the user; and a prediction unit A travel plan creation unit that creates a travel plan using a plurality of transportation means including a vehicle for one user based on the availability predicted by It is a planning apparatus.

According to this configuration, the travel information acquisition unit can be shared by a plurality of users in a travel plan creation device that creates a travel plan in which a user among a plurality of users uses a vehicle that can be shared by a plurality of users. The current vehicle acquires operation information relating to a situation in which the vehicle is used by another user among the plurality of users at least one of the present and the future. In addition, according to this configuration, the prediction unit calculates the possibility of fluctuation due to the situation in which the vehicle is used by other users based on the vehicle operation information acquired by the operation information acquisition unit, The available time that one user among the plurality of users can use is predicted. For this reason, the time which one user can use a vehicle can be acquired in the state according to the actual condition. Furthermore, according to this configuration, the travel plan creation unit creates a travel plan using a plurality of moving means including a vehicle for one user based on the available time predicted by the prediction unit. It is possible to create a travel plan in line with the actual situation.

In this case, it is preferable that the prediction unit predicts the available time based on information on the traffic state of the road on which the vehicle is traveling, at least in the present and the future.

According to this configuration, the prediction unit predicts the available time movement based on information on the traffic state of the road on which the vehicle is traveling at least in the present and the future. It is possible to create a travel plan that matches the actual situation.

In addition, the prediction unit predicts the traffic state of the road on which the vehicle travels in at least one of the present and the future based on information on the past traffic state of the road on which the vehicle travels in at least one of the present and the future. Thus, it is preferable to predict the available time.

According to this configuration, the prediction unit is configured to determine the traffic state of the road on which the vehicle travels at least in the present and the future based on information on the traffic state in the past of the road on which the vehicle travels in at least one of the present and the future. By predicting the available time, the current or future traffic conditions can be predicted more accurately from the traffic conditions due to traffic jams or festivals at a specific date and time in the past. A plan can be created.

In addition, it is preferable that the travel plan creation unit sets an effective time during which one user can use the travel plan for the travel plan for one user.

According to this configuration, since the travel plan creation unit sets an effective time during which one user can use the travel plan for the travel plan for one user, the user can only use a new travel plan within the effective time. It is possible to prevent the user from using a travel plan that is old and does not conform to the actual situation.

In addition, the travel plan creation unit determines whether or not the travel plan can be executed based on the fluctuation in the available time predicted by the prediction unit after creating the travel plan, and when it is determined that the travel plan cannot be executed. It is preferable to create a new alternative travel plan.

According to this configuration, the travel plan creation unit determines whether or not the travel plan can be executed based on the change in the available time predicted by the prediction unit after the travel plan is created, and the travel plan cannot be executed. When the determination is made, an alternative travel plan is newly created, so that it is possible to flexibly create a travel plan according to the actual situation.

In addition, the information processing device further includes a user information receiving unit that receives user information related to the position, state, and purpose of one user at least in the present and future, and the travel plan creation unit is based on the user information received by the user information receiving unit. It is preferable to create a travel plan.

According to this configuration, the user information receiving unit receives user information related to the position, state, and purpose of one user in at least one of the present and the future, and the travel planning unit is the user received by the user information receiving unit. Since the travel plan is created based on the information, it is possible to create a travel plan according to the user's state such as the user's position.

Also, it is preferable that the travel plan creation unit creates a travel plan including a place where one user starts using the vehicle and a place where one user finishes using the vehicle.

According to this configuration, the travel plan creation unit creates a travel plan including a place where one user starts using the vehicle and a place where one user finishes using the vehicle. The starting place and the place where the vehicle is returned and the use of the vehicle is finished become clear.

In addition, the travel plan creation unit may create a travel plan including a place where one user and other users among the plurality of users gather, and a place where one user and the other user are dissolved. Is preferred.

According to this configuration, the travel plan creation unit creates a travel plan including a place where one user and other users of the plurality of users gather and a place where one user and the other user disband. For this purpose, for example, it becomes possible to create a travel plan in which a plurality of users share a vehicle and aim for a common destination, and the range of use of the vehicle can be expanded.

Furthermore, the travel plan creation unit further includes a setting information transmission unit capable of transmitting to the vehicle setting information for setting either the travel route of the vehicle or the in-vehicle environment. It is preferable that a travel plan including the travel plan is created, and the setting information transmission unit transmits setting information for setting either the travel route or the in-vehicle environment related to the travel plan to the vehicle.

According to this configuration, the travel plan creation unit creates a travel plan including either the travel route of the vehicle or the in-vehicle environment, and the setting information transmission unit sets either the travel route or the in-vehicle environment related to the travel plan. Since the setting information for doing so is transmitted to the vehicle, the user can use the vehicle in which the travel route and the in-vehicle environment are set in advance according to the travel plan, and the convenience of the user can be improved.

On the other hand, the present invention uses a plurality of moving means including vehicles that can be shared by a plurality of users, and provides a travel plan creation request for requesting a travel plan creation device for one user among the plurality of users. A travel plan creation request transmission unit for transmitting, and a travel plan reception unit for receiving a travel plan created based on an available time during which one user can use the vehicle from the travel plan creation device, The travel plan receiving unit is based on the situation in which the vehicle is used by other users of the plurality of users, at least either in the current and / or future, due to the situation in which the vehicle is used by other users. It is a communication module that receives a travel plan created based on the available time predicted by counting the possibility of.

According to this configuration, the travel plan creation request transmission unit uses a plurality of moving means including vehicles that can be shared by a plurality of users, and creates a travel plan for one user among the plurality of users. The travel plan receiving unit sends a request for creating a travel plan to other users based on the situation in which the vehicle is used by other users of the plurality of users, at least in the current and / or future. In order to receive a travel plan created based on the estimated available time by including the possibility of fluctuations due to the situation in which the vehicle is used, it is possible to receive a travel plan that is more realistic it can.

In this case, the information processing apparatus further includes a user information transmission unit that transmits user information related to the position, state, and purpose of one user in at least one of the present and the future, and the travel plan reception unit includes the user information transmitted by the user information transmission unit. It is preferable to receive a travel plan created on the basis of it.

According to this configuration, the user information transmission unit transmits user information related to the position, state, and purpose of one user in at least one of the present and the future, and the travel plan reception unit transmits the user information transmitted by the user information transmission unit. Since the travel plan created based on the information is received, it is possible to receive a travel plan according to the user's state such as the user's position.

According to the travel plan creation device of the present invention, it is possible to create a travel plan according to the actual situation, and according to the communication module of the present invention, it is possible to receive a travel plan according to the actual situation.

It is a figure which shows the outline of a structure of the travel plan preparation system which concerns on 1st Embodiment. It is a figure which shows the structure of the external information apparatus of the travel plan preparation system which concerns on 1st Embodiment. 2 is a flowchart showing an operation of transmitting user information in the external information device of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure at the time of carrying out temporary reservation registration of the proposal information of the operation and reservation management system which concerns on 1st Embodiment. It is a flowchart which shows the operation | movement of temporary reservation registration in the operation and reservation management system of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state which carries out the main registration of the reservation information of the operation and reservation management system which concerns on 1st Embodiment. It is a flowchart which shows the operation | movement at the time of the main registration of the reservation information in the operation / reservation management system of FIG. It is a flowchart which shows the operation | movement at the time of creating the alternative proposal information which concerns on 2nd Embodiment. It is a figure which shows the condition where the travel plan preparation system which concerns on 3rd Embodiment is applied. It is a flowchart which shows operation | movement of the travel plan preparation system which concerns on 3rd Embodiment. It is a figure showing a set of users concerning a 3rd embodiment. It is a figure which shows the movement to the destination of the assembled user which concerns on 3rd Embodiment. It is a figure which shows the dissolution of the user in the return path which concerns on 3rd Embodiment. It is a figure which shows the dissolution of the user in the return path which concerns on 3rd Embodiment.

Hereinafter, a travel plan creation device and a communication module according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

As shown in FIG. 1, the travel plan creation device of this embodiment is realized as an operation / reservation system 200 such as a server device that creates a travel plan using a shared vehicle V1. Moreover, the communication module of this embodiment is implement | achieved as external information apparatus 100a, 100b, such as a mobile telephone which can communicate with the operation reservation system 200 and can receive the produced travel plan.

Hereinafter, an outline of the system of this embodiment will be described. As shown in FIG. 1, it is assumed that there is a user UA registered in the system service. The external information device 100a such as a mobile phone possessed by the user UA acquires information regarding the schedule of the user UA directly input by the user UA and information regarding the status of the user UA detected by the sensor. The external information device 100a, based on information related to the schedule of the user UA and information related to the situation, purpose information indicating the user's destination (destination), estimated arrival time, proposal notification time, etc., and position information indicating the current position of the user, Is generated. The external information device 100a transmits the generated user information IF1 to the operation / reservation system 200.

The operation / reservation system 200 includes route information, user information 201 received from the external information device 100a, traffic information 202 regarding the traffic state of the road, and operation information / reservation information 204 indicating the operation state and reservation state of the vehicle. Proposal information including the available time of the shared vehicle V1, the provisional reservation deadline, and the proposed proposal time, which is the time of each process assumed by the proposal, is generated.

For example, in the example of FIG. 1, the shared vehicle V1 is currently used by a user UB who is registered for the same system service, so the operation / reservation system 200 may be an external device such as a mobile phone possessed by the user UB. The operation information / reservation information 204 in the operation / reservation system 200 is updated by transmitting / receiving operation information / reservation information IF2 indicating the operation state and reservation state of the shared vehicle V1 from the information device 100b.

The operation / reservation system 200 temporarily presses the vehicle of the shared vehicle V1 along the generated proposal information. The data is recorded in the operation information / reservation information 204 stored in the operation / reservation system 200. The updated operation information / reservation information 204 is transmitted as operation information / reservation information IF2 to the external information device 100b of the user UB who is currently using the shared vehicle V1.

The operation / reservation system 200 transmits the generated proposal information as the proposal information IF3 to the external information device 100a of the user UA. In the example of FIG. 1, as a route proposal for the proposed destination DE, the operation / reservation system 200 goes to the station ST1 on foot, goes from the station ST1 to the station ST2 by rail RW, and walks from the station ST2 to the proposed destination DE. Proposed route R1 to reach.

On the other hand, the operation / reservation system 200, as a route proposal for the proposed destination DE, goes to the parking lot PA on foot, goes to the parking lot PB with the shared vehicle V1 from the parking lot PA, and proposes on foot from the parking lot PB. A route R2 reaching the ground DE is proposed. In the proposal related to this route R2, when the user UA reaches the parking lot PA on foot, the user UB causes the shared vehicle V1 to travel on the route R3 to reach the parking lot PA, and the parking lot of the shared vehicle V1. The return to the PA is completed.

Hereinafter, the external information device 100a of this embodiment will be described in more detail. As described above, the external information device 100a is configured as a mobile phone or the like that the user UA can easily carry. The external information device 100a can be configured as a PDA (Personal Data Assistance) or a mobile personal computer in addition to the mobile phone. Alternatively, the external information device 100a can be configured as a personal computer fixed indoors.

As shown in FIG. 2, the external information device 100a includes an information device input device 101, various sensor devices 102, an information device operation determination unit 103, a storage device 104, a schedule information determination unit 107, an external information device service function unit 108, information A display device 109, a user status recognition unit 110, a position information acquisition device 111, an information communication device 112, an information acquisition status transmission device 113, and a navigation unit 114 are provided.

The information device input device 101 is specifically a key panel of a mobile phone, and is operated by the user UA. The various sensor devices 102 are specifically GPS (Global Positioning System) sensors, clocks, etc., and the current or future position, speed, moving direction, current time, time of day, day of the week and season of the user UA. Etc. are detected.

The information device operation determination unit 103 determines the intention of the user UA's input operation based on the current input operation of the user UA and the history of input operations of the user UA in the past. Thereby, even when the user UA omits the input operation in the middle or when the user UA's input operation is partly wrong, the intention of the user UA's input operation is transmitted to the external information device 100a. Is done.

Specifically, the storage device 104 includes a flash memory, a RAM (Random Access Memory), and the like. The storage device 104 stores schedule information 105 and user information 106 of the user UA.

For example, the user UA performs an input operation for inputting his / her schedule to the information device input device 101. At this time, the external information equipment service function unit 108 obtains information related to various services such as travel plan creation related to the schedule of the user UA and information related to the schedule of the user UA already stored in the storage device 104 as the schedule information 105. The information is displayed on the information display device 109 such as a liquid crystal display. While the user UA performs further input operations on the information device input device 101 while viewing the information displayed on the information display device 109, the external information device service function unit 108 causes the schedule information 105 stored in the storage device 104. Update.

The schedule information determination unit 107 determines the schedule of the user UA from the schedule information 105 stored in the storage device 104.

The user status recognition unit 110 recognizes the user status based on the user UA operation and operation history determined by the information device operation determination unit 103 and the user UA schedule determined by the schedule information determination unit 107. To do. This user's situation is whether the user is walking or running, is moving by means of transportation such as a car, is sleeping, is in a state of going to a meal, or is working It is the situation whether it is inside.

The user situation recognition unit 110 generates one or more pieces of target information 115 based on the recognized situation of the user UA. The destination information 115 includes a destination (destination), an estimated arrival time at the destination, and a proposal notification time at which the proposal of the created travel plan is desired to be notified to the user UA. The created purpose information 115 is transmitted to the storage device 104.

The location information acquisition device 111 acquires location information related to the current or future location of the user UA based on information detected by the various sensor devices 102. The acquired position information is transmitted to the storage device 104. The purpose information 115 and the position information are stored as user information 106 in the storage device 104.

The information communication device 112 transmits the user information 106 stored in the storage device 104 to the operation / reservation management system 200.

The information acquisition status transmission device 113 transmits to the user UA the current information acquisition status regarding information about the shared vehicle V1 and the like. In addition to general route guidance, the navigation unit 114 provides the user UA with route guidance for executing the created travel plan.

Hereinafter, an operation in which the external information device 100a according to the present embodiment transmits user information to the operation / reservation management system 200 will be described. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the input operation of the user UA and the history of the input operation are acquired by the information device input device 101 and the information device operation determination unit 103 (S101). Further, the various sensor devices 102 obtain information on the current or future position, speed, moving direction, current time, time zone in the day, day of the week, season, and the like regarding the user UA (S102).

The schedule information determination unit 107 refers to the schedule information 105 of the user UA stored in the storage device 104 (S103). The user situation recognition unit 110 generates one or more pieces of purpose information 115 based on the recognized situation of the user UA (S104). The position information acquisition device 111 acquires position information that is information on the current or future position of the user UA based on the information detected by the various sensor devices 102 (S105).

Both the created purpose information 115 and the acquired position information are stored as user information 106 in the storage device 104. The information communication device 112 transmits the user information 106 stored in the storage device 104 to the operation / reservation management system 200 (S106).

Hereinafter, the operation / reservation management system 200 of this embodiment will be described in more detail. As described above, the operation / reservation management system 200 is configured as a server device that can be accessed from the external information device 100a. As shown in FIG. 4, the operation / reservation management system 200 includes a user information receiving unit 211, a storage device 212, a traffic information receiving unit 213, an operation information receiving unit 214, an operation information management unit 215, a proposal information creation unit 216, and a proposal. An information transmission determination unit 217 is provided.

The user information receiving unit 211 receives the user information IF1 transmitted from the external information device 100a. The user information IF1 received by the external information device 100a is stored as user information 201 in the storage device 212.

Specifically, the storage device 212 includes an HDD (Hard Disk Drive) or the like. The storage device 212 stores the above-described user information 201, proposal information 203, and operation information / reservation information 204.

The traffic information receiving unit 213 receives traffic information related to the past, current, and predicted future traffic conditions of the area where the shared vehicle V1 is used from the traffic information center 300 which is an external public traffic management organization. Receive.

The operation information receiving unit 214 receives the operation information IF2 of the shared vehicle V1 transmitted from the external information device 100b of the user UB of the shared vehicle V1. The operation information IF2 includes the destination, scheduled arrival time, proposal notification time, and position information of the shared vehicle V1.

The operation information management unit 215 transmits the operation information IF2 transmitted from the operation information reception unit 214 and the operation information / reservation information 204 stored in the storage device 212 to the proposal information creation unit 216. The operation information management unit 215 also stores the operation information / reservation information stored in the storage device 212 in accordance with the operation information IF2 transmitted from the operation information reception unit 214 and the provisional reservation registration command transmitted from the proposal information creation unit 216. Management of registration, deletion, change, etc. of 204 is performed.

The proposal information creation unit 216 is based on the user information 201 stored in the storage device 212, the traffic information transmitted from the traffic information reception unit 213, and the operation information / reservation information 204 transmitted from the operation information management unit 215. The travel plan proposal information 203 is created. The proposal information 203 includes a notification expected time that is an estimated time for notifying the user UA of the proposal information, route proposal, reliability information indicating the possibility of executing the travel plan related to the proposal information, and a travel plan related to the proposal information. It includes the expiration date of the provisional reservation indicating the valid time available for the user UA. The created proposal information is stored in the storage device 212. In addition, the proposal information creation unit 216 issues a temporary reservation command to the operation information management unit 215 based on the proposal information.

The proposal information transmission determination unit 217 determines whether or not the proposal information 203 should be notified to the user UA based on the expected notification time included in the proposal information 203.

Hereinafter, an operation in which the operation / reservation management system 200 of the present embodiment creates proposal information will be described. As shown in FIG. 5, the user information receiving unit 211 receives the user information IF1 transmitted from the external information device 100a. The storage device 212 stores information transmitted from the external information device 100 a as user information 201. Thereby, registration of the user information 201 is completed (S201).

The operation information receiving unit 214 receives the operation information IF2 transmitted from the external information device 100b of the user UB of the shared vehicle V1. The operation information management unit 215 stores the information transmitted from the operation information receiving unit 214 in the storage device 212 as operation information / reservation information 204. Thereby, registration of operation information IF2 is completed (S202). The traffic information receiving unit 213 receives traffic information from the traffic management center 300 (S203).

The proposal information creation unit 216 is based on the user information 201 stored in the storage device 212, the traffic information transmitted from the traffic information reception unit 213, and the operation information / reservation information 204 transmitted from the operation information management unit 215. The travel plan proposal information 203 is created (S204).

The creation of the proposal information 203 can be performed by the following procedure, for example. First, the proposal information creation unit 216 determines routes R1, R2 using various moving means such as the shared vehicle V1, the railroad RW, and walking from the destination of the user UA included in the user information 201 and the current or future position. Is calculated. In particular, for the route R2 and the like using the shared vehicle V1, the proposal information creation unit 216 ends the use of the shared vehicle V1, for example, the parking lot PA where the user UA starts using the shared vehicle V1. A route R2 including a parking lot PB, for example, is created.

In particular, for the route R2 and the like using the shared vehicle V1, the proposal information creation unit 216 refers to the traffic information and the operation information / reservation information 204 to determine the time when the user UA can use the shared vehicle V1 in the future. Predict fluctuations. Thereby, the proposal information creation unit 216 determines the feasibility of the travel plan proposal.

Especially in the traffic information, the present and future traffic states predicted from the past traffic information of the area where the shared vehicle V1 is used are also calculated for the fluctuation of the time when the user UA can use the shared vehicle V1 in the future, Used to determine the feasibility of a proposal.

The traffic conditions in the past include, for example, traffic jams and traffic restrictions due to specific dates in the past, such as the year-end and New Year holidays, festivals, and events. Current traffic information includes, for example, traffic jams and traffic restrictions due to accidents and construction. The proposal information creation unit 216 predicts future traffic conditions from past and current traffic conditions. Thereby, the proposal information creation unit 216 considers the possibility of traffic jams occurring during meal times on the route on which the user UA runs the shared vehicle V1 for a meal, for example, and proposes travel plan proposal information. Can be created.

At this time, the proposal information creation unit 216 can estimate the reliability information of the proposal, the expiration date of the provisional reservation, and the estimated notification time. In particular, with regard to the expiration date of the provisional reservation, the predictable traffic state becomes uncertain with the passage of time, and the reliability of the proposal also decreases. Therefore, the proposal information creation unit 216 sets the expiration date of the provisional reservation as the reliability of the proposal. Can be set to a time when it falls below a predetermined threshold. The proposal information measure unit 216 ranks the created travel plans according to the degree of suitability with the purpose information of the user UA, and collects them as the proposal information 203.

The proposal information creation unit 216 registers the created proposal information 203 in the storage device 212 (S205). In addition, the proposal information creation unit 216 issues a temporary reservation command to the operation information management unit 215 based on the created proposal information 203. The operation information management unit 215 registers the temporary reservation related to the proposal information 203 in the operation information / reservation information 204 in accordance with the temporary reservation instruction (S206).

Hereinafter, an operation in which the operation / reservation management system 200 according to the present embodiment distributes the proposal information to the user UA and makes the temporary reservation as a main registration or deletes the temporary reservation in accordance with an instruction from the user UA will be described. As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the proposal information transmission determining unit 217 of the operation / reservation management system 200 acquires the proposal information 203 registered in the storage device 212 (S301). The proposal information transmission determination unit 217 determines whether or not it is time to provide the proposal information 203 to the user UA from the estimated notification time of the proposal information 203 (S302). When the proposal information transmission determination unit 217 determines that it is time to provide the proposal information 203 to the user UA (S302), the proposal information transmission determination unit 217 sends the proposal information IF3 to the external information device 100a of the user UA. Send.

The operation information management unit 215 deletes the temporary reservation from the operation information / reservation information 204 of the storage device 212 (S305) when the expiration date of the temporary reservation has passed (S304). When the operation information receiving unit 214 receives an instruction for switching the main reservation from the external information device 100a of the user UA (S304), the operation information management unit 215 stores the main reservation of the operation information / reservation information 204 in the storage device 212. The temporary reservation related to the switching instruction is changed to the main registration (S305). When the provisional reservation is changed to the main registration, the proposal information transmission determination unit 217 transmits the proposal information to the external information device 100b of the user UB of the shared vehicle V1.

According to the present embodiment, the operation information receiving unit 214 of the operation / reservation management system 200 has the operation information regarding the situation in which the shared vehicle V1 that can be shared by a plurality of users is used by the user UB at least in the present and the future. To get. In addition, according to the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 of the operation / reservation management system 200 uses the shared vehicle V1 by the user UB based on the operation information of the shared vehicle V1 acquired by the operation information reception unit 214. In order to estimate the available time that the user UA, which is one user among a plurality of users, can use the shared vehicle V1 in consideration of the possibility of fluctuation due to the situation, the user UA shares The time during which the vehicle V1 can be used can be acquired in a more realistic state. Further, according to the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 creates travel plan proposal information using a plurality of moving means including the shared vehicle V1 for the user UA based on the predicted available time. Therefore, it is possible to create a travel plan that is more realistic.

In addition, according to the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 can use the shared vehicle V1 by the user UA based on traffic information regarding the traffic state of the road on which the shared vehicle V1 travels at least in the present and the future. Therefore, it is possible to create a travel plan according to the actual situation according to traffic conditions such as traffic congestion and construction.

Further, according to the present embodiment, the proposal information creating unit 216 is based on the information on the traffic state in the past of the road on which the shared vehicle V1 is traveling in at least one of the present and the future. By predicting the traffic state of the road on which the shared vehicle V1 travels, it is possible to predict fluctuations in the time that the shared vehicle V1 can be used by one user UA. Current or future traffic conditions are predicted with higher accuracy, and a travel plan that is more realistic can be created.

In addition, according to the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 sets an expiration date of a provisional reservation that is an effective time for which the user UA can use the travel plan for the travel plan for one user UA. The user UA uses only a new travel plan within the expiration date, and can prevent the user UA from using a travel plan that is old and does not conform to the actual situation.

In addition, according to the present embodiment, the user information receiving unit 211 receives the user information IF1 related to the position, state, and purpose of one user UA in at least one of the current and future, and the proposal information creating unit 216 Since the travel plan is created based on the user information IF1 received by the information receiving unit 211, it is possible to create a travel plan according to the state of the user UA such as the position of the user UA.

Moreover, according to this embodiment, the proposal information preparation part 216 is a place where one user UA starts use of the shared vehicle V1, and the parking lot PA and the user UA end use of the shared vehicle V1. In order to create a travel plan including the parking lot PB, a place where the user UA starts using the shared vehicle V1 and a place where the shared vehicle V1 is returned and the use of the shared vehicle V1 ends are clarified.

On the other hand, according to the present embodiment, the information communication device 112 of the external information device 100a uses a plurality of moving means including the shared vehicle V1 that can be shared by a plurality of users, and serves one user UA among the plurality of users. User information IF1 that requests the travel / reservation management system 200 to create a travel plan is transmitted, and the information communication device 112 uses the shared vehicle V1 by other users UB among a plurality of users at present and in the future. In order to receive a travel plan created on the basis of the available time predicted by taking into account the possibility of fluctuations due to the situation in which the shared vehicle V1 is used by other users UB, It is possible to receive travel plans that are more realistic.

Further, according to the present embodiment, the information communication apparatus 112 transmits the user information IF1 regarding the position, state, and purpose of one user UA in at least one of the current and future, and the information communication apparatus 112 transmits the user Since the travel plan proposal information IF3 created based on the information IF1 is received, a travel plan according to the state of the user UA such as the position of the user UA can be received.

Hereinafter, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described. In this embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 of the operation / reservation management system 200 determines whether or not the created proposal information can be executed after the proposal information is created, and if the proposal cannot be executed. Create an alternative proposal.

As shown in FIG. 8, the operation information receiving unit 214 continues to receive the operation information IF2 of the shared vehicle V1 even after the proposal information 203 is created (S401). The traffic information receiving unit 213 continues to receive traffic information from the traffic management center 300 even after the proposal information 203 is created (S402).

The proposal information creation unit 216 determines whether or not the travel plan related to the created proposal information 203 can be executed from the received operation information IF2 and traffic information (S403). If it is determined that the travel plan related to the created proposal information 203 cannot be executed at the present time due to a large change in the traffic state (S403), the proposal information creation unit 216 uses the alternative proposal information. Is created (S404).

The alternative proposal information in this case can be a newly created travel plan based on the operation information IF2 and the traffic information at that time. Alternatively, the alternative proposal information in this case may be a travel plan related to the alternative proposal information by selecting a route having a priority lower than that of the previous proposal route from a plurality of routes created in the past. .

The proposal information transmission determination unit 217 distributes the alternative proposal information to the user UA (S405). Thereby, for example, in the situation of FIG. 1, even if the proposal relating to the route R2 is not feasible, an alternative proposal relating to the route R1 using the railroad RW and an alternative proposal using another shared vehicle are made. Presented to the user UA.

In the present embodiment, the proposal information creating unit 216 adds the travel information of the shared vehicle V1 acquired by the travel information receiving unit 214 and the traffic information received by the traffic information receiving unit 213 after the travel plan proposal information 203 is created. It is determined whether or not it is possible to execute the travel plan according to the proposal information 203 based on a change in time in which one user UA can use the shared vehicle V1 predicted by the proposal information creation unit 216, and the travel plan When it is determined that it is not feasible, an alternative travel plan is newly created, so that it is possible to create a travel plan flexibly according to the actual situation.

Hereinafter, a third embodiment of the present invention will be described. In the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 of the operation / reservation management system 200 uses the proposal information IF3 relating to the travel plan including a place where a plurality of registered users who use the service of the system gather and a place where it is dissolved. create.

As a situation to which the operation / reservation management system 200 of this embodiment is applied, for example, the situation shown in FIG. 9 is taken as an example. As shown in FIG. 9, it is assumed that the users U1 to U4 registered as a group in the system have made a game plan to communicate with each other by the external information device 100a and enjoy golf at the golf course G.

However, as shown in FIG. 9, the homes H1 to H4 of the users U1 to U4 are scattered in different directions from the golf course G. Among the users U1 to U4, the user U1 is the only person who owns the private vehicle OV. In addition, since the personal vehicle OV of the user U1 is a small vehicle, it is impossible to load the golf equipment of all the users U1 to U4. Therefore, it is conceivable that any of the users U1 to U4 rents a larger car. However, since the homes H1 to H4 of the users U1 to U4 are scattered, the collection and dissolution are extremely complicated. Become.

Hereinafter, the operation of the operation / reservation management system 200 of the present embodiment in the above situation will be described. As shown in FIG. 10, the external information devices 100a and the like of the users U1 to U4 transmit the respective user information IF1 to the operation / reservation management system 200 as in the first embodiment (S501). The proposal information creation unit 216 of the operation / reservation management system 200 uses the proposal information IF3 related to the travel plan including a place where a plurality of registered users who use the service of the system gather and a place where it is dissolved as the first embodiment. And is transmitted to the external information device 100a of each of the users U1 to U4 (S502).

For example, as shown in FIG. 11, the travel plan in this case may be a travel plan that minimizes the time, labor, fuel, and usage fee of the shared vehicles V1 to V3 required for the collection of a plurality of users U1 to U4. it can. In the example of FIG. 11, a travel plan is proposed in which a parking lot P3 where the distances from the homes H1 to H4 of the respective users U1 to U4 are almost the same is a meeting place.

The user U1 proposes a travel plan for going to the parking lot P3 where the large shared vehicle V3 is parked by a private car OV. A travel plan for the user U2 to go to the parking lot P3 with the shared vehicle V1 parked in the parking lot P1 near the home H2 is proposed. A travel plan for the user U4 to go to the parking lot P3 with the shared vehicle V2 parked in the parking lot P2 near the home H4 is proposed. The user U3 is proposed a travel plan for boarding the shared vehicle V2 driven by the user U4 near the home H3 and going to the parking lot P3.

As shown in FIG. 12, in this travel plan, all the users U1 to U4 board the large shared vehicle V3 on which all the golf equipment of the users U1 to U4 can be loaded, and go to the golf course G.

As for the dissolution place on the way back from the golf course G, it is possible to make a travel plan that minimizes the time, labor, fuel, and usage fee of the shared vehicles V1 to V3 required for dissolution of the plurality of users U1 to U4.

For example, as shown in FIG. 13, a travel plan is proposed in which the shared vehicle V3 on which all the users U1 to U4 have traveled travels a different route from the golf course G. The shared vehicle V3 proposes a travel plan for going to the parking lot P3, which is a return place, while getting off the users U3 and U4 at their homes H3 and H4.

As shown in FIG. 14, after the shared vehicle V3 is returned to the parking lot P3, a travel plan is proposed in which the user U1 returns to the home H1 by the private car OV. The user U2 is proposed a travel plan for returning to the home H2 by the shared vehicle V1.

In this embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 of the operation / reservation management system 200 creates setting information for each of the shared vehicles V1 to V3 related to the created travel plan. This setting information is information for setting the traveling route and the in-vehicle environment of each of the shared vehicles V1 to V3. The information for setting the travel route is for the route guidance according to the travel plan to be performed by the navigation system for the drivers of the shared vehicles V1 to V3. In addition, the information for setting the in-vehicle environment includes the in-vehicle temperature, in-vehicle humidity, and appreciable music preferred by the respective users U1-U4 boarding the shared vehicles V1-V3 in accordance with the registered preferences of the users U1-U4. This is for setting contents and viewable video contents.

Further, in the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 of the operation / reservation management system 200 creates billing information in which the expense burden ratio of the users U1 to U4 is set in accordance with the preferences of the users U1 to U4. Furthermore, the proposal information creation unit 216 can also include a travel plan including expenses required for the entire game such as a fee for use at the golf course G and a meal fee in the proposal information IF3.

Returning to FIG. 10, when the travel plan as described above is approved by the users U1 to U4, and there is a reservation switching instruction similar to that in the first embodiment from the external information device 100a of the users U1 to U4 ( S503), the proposal information transmission determination unit 217 of the operation / reservation system 200 switches the temporary reservation to the main reservation, and also sets the setting information of the shared vehicles V1 to V3 related to the created travel plan proposal information IF3. To V3 (S504). Thereby, the shared vehicles V1 to V3 are set according to their travel plans and preferences when the users U1 to U4 board.

The proposal information transmission determination unit 217 transmits the charging information of each of the users U1 to U4 to the external information device 100a of each of the users U1 to U4 (S505).

In the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 of the operation / reservation management system 200 creates a travel plan including a place where the users U1 to U4 meet and a place where the users U1 to U4 are dissolved. It is possible to create a travel plan for sharing the shared vehicles V1 to V3 and aiming for the golf course G, which is a common destination, and the range of use of the shared vehicle can be expanded.

In addition, according to the present embodiment, the proposal information creation unit 216 creates a travel plan including the travel routes and in-vehicle environment of the shared vehicles V1 to V3, and the proposal information transmission determination unit 217 includes the travel route related to the travel plan, Since the setting information for setting the in-vehicle environment is transmitted to the shared vehicles V1 to V3, the users U1 to U4 can use the shared vehicles V1 to V3 in which the travel route and the in-vehicle environment are preset according to the travel plan, The convenience of the users U1 to U4 can be improved.

In particular, in the present embodiment, billing information and the like relating to expenses required for the users U1 to U4 as a whole for travel and play are proposed. Etc., and the comfort is further improved for a plurality of users U1 to U4. Further, in the present embodiment, it becomes easy to share information on travel and play among the users U1 to U4, and the comfort of travel and play is further improved.

Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described above, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications can be made.

The present invention can provide a travel plan creation device that can create a travel plan that is more realistic and a communication module that can receive a travel plan that is more realistic.

100a, 100b External information device 101 Information device input device 102 Various sensor devices 103 Information device operation determination unit 104 Storage device 105 Schedule information 106 User information 107 Schedule information determination unit 108 External information device service function unit 109 Information display device 110 User status recognition Unit 111 position information acquisition device 112 information communication device 113 information acquisition status transmission device 114 navigation unit 200 operation / reservation system 201 user information 202 traffic information 203 proposal information 204 operation information / reservation information 211 user information reception unit 212 storage device 213 traffic information Reception unit 214 Operation information reception unit 215 Operation information management unit 216 Proposal information creation unit 217 Proposal information transmission judgment unit 300 Traffic information center IF1 User information IF2 Operation information IF3 Proposal information V1 to V3 Shared vehicle OV Private Car PA ~ PB, P1 ~ P3 parking

Claims (11)

  1. A travel plan creation device for creating a travel plan for use by one user among the plurality of users of a vehicle that can be shared by a plurality of users,
    An operation information acquisition unit that acquires operation information related to a situation in which the vehicle that can be shared by the plurality of users is used by other users among the plurality of users at least in the present and the future;
    Based on the operation information of the vehicle acquired by the operation information acquisition unit, the possibility of fluctuation due to the situation in which the vehicle is used by the other user is included, and the vehicle is selected by the plurality of users. A prediction unit that predicts an available time that can be used by one of the users,
    A travel plan creation unit that creates a travel plan using a plurality of moving means including the vehicle for the one user based on the availability predicted by the prediction unit;
    Travel plan creation device with
  2. The travel plan creation device according to claim 1, wherein the prediction unit predicts the available time based on information on a traffic state of a road on which the vehicle travels in at least one of current and future.
  3. The prediction unit predicts a traffic state of a road on which the vehicle travels in at least one of the current and future based on information on a past traffic state of the road on which the vehicle travels in at least one of the present and the future. The travel plan creation device according to claim 2, wherein the available time is predicted.
  4. 4. The travel plan creation unit according to claim 1, wherein the travel plan for the one user sets an effective time during which the one user can use the travel plan. Travel planning equipment.
  5. The travel plan creation unit determines whether or not the travel plan can be executed based on the change in the available time predicted by the prediction unit after the travel plan is created, and the travel plan is not executable. The travel plan creation device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein when the determination is made, an alternative travel plan is newly created.
  6. A user information receiving unit for receiving user information related to the position, state and purpose of the one user at present and / or in the future;
    6. The travel plan creation device according to claim 1, wherein the travel plan creation unit creates the travel plan based on the user information received by the user information reception unit.
  7. The travel plan creation unit creates the travel plan including a place where the one user starts using the vehicle and a place where the one user finishes using the vehicle. The travel plan creation device according to claim 1.
  8. The travel plan creation unit includes the travel plan including a place where the one user and other users of the plurality of users gather, and a place where the one user and the other user are dissolved. The travel plan creation device according to any one of claims 1 to 7, which is created.
  9. A setting information transmission unit capable of transmitting to the vehicle setting information for setting either the travel route or the in-vehicle environment of the vehicle;
    The travel plan creation unit creates the travel plan including any of a travel route and an in-vehicle environment of the vehicle,
    The travel plan according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the setting information transmission unit transmits the setting information for setting either a travel route or an in-vehicle environment related to the travel plan to the vehicle. Creation device.
  10. Creating a travel plan using a plurality of transportation means including vehicles that can be shared by a plurality of users, and transmitting a travel plan creation request for requesting the travel plan creation device to create a travel plan for one of the users. A request sending unit;
    A travel plan receiving unit that receives the travel plan created based on an available time during which the one user can use the vehicle from the travel plan creation device;
    With
    The travel plan receiving unit is configured to use the vehicle by the other user based on a situation in which the vehicle is used by another user among the plurality of users at least in the present and in the future. A communication module for receiving the travel plan created based on the available time predicted by counting the possibility of variation due to the situation.
  11. A user information transmission unit for transmitting user information related to the position, state and purpose of the one user at least in the present and the future;
    The communication module according to claim 10, wherein the travel plan receiving unit receives the travel plan created based on the user information transmitted by the user information transmitting unit.
PCT/JP2009/063041 2009-07-21 2009-07-21 Travel plan creation device and communication module WO2011010358A1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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