WO2007079657A1 - Dispositif tres efficace utilisant l'energie solaire - Google Patents

Dispositif tres efficace utilisant l'energie solaire Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2007079657A1
WO2007079657A1 PCT/CN2006/003658 CN2006003658W WO2007079657A1 WO 2007079657 A1 WO2007079657 A1 WO 2007079657A1 CN 2006003658 W CN2006003658 W CN 2006003658W WO 2007079657 A1 WO2007079657 A1 WO 2007079657A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
solar
mirror
converging
converging lens
solar cell
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2006/003658
Other languages
English (en)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Qiu Xia
Original Assignee
Qiu Xia
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qiu Xia filed Critical Qiu Xia
Publication of WO2007079657A1 publication Critical patent/WO2007079657A1/fr

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES NOT COVERED BY CLASS H10
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infrared radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infrared radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/054Optical elements directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. light-reflecting means or light-concentrating means
    • H01L31/0547Optical elements directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. light-reflecting means or light-concentrating means comprising light concentrating means of the reflecting type, e.g. parabolic mirrors, concentrators using total internal reflection
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/12Light guides
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/30Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with lenses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • F24S23/71Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors with parabolic reflective surfaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • F24S23/79Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors with spaced and opposed interacting reflective surfaces
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a solar energy utilization device, in particular to a high performance solar energy device. Background technique
  • the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the solar cell module and the efficiency of the conversion material are closely related to the number of photogenerated carriers, and the use of a large number of solar cell modules leads to extremely high cost;
  • High-power solar power generation devices generally must be fixedly mounted, not in-vehicle or portable, and limit the use environment.
  • solar water heaters are basically medium-temperature type, that is, below 90, not applicable in winter or in cold regions; the solar cookers currently used are basically open-air use, that is, inconvenient and unhygienic, and inconvenient to operate;
  • the sunlight lighting device does not reach the illumination required for normal lighting due to lighting.
  • the object of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of existing solar energy application equipment and to design and manufacture a high performance solar energy device which is simple in structure and low in cost and which is suitable for solar energy to generate electric energy, heat energy or light energy.
  • a high-performance solar device comprising a concentrator fixedly mounted on a support and a concentrating mirror, the concentrator and convergence
  • the mirrors have the same optical axis, and the concentrator condenses the sunlight at a certain angle to the converging mirror disposed at the upper portion thereof, wherein the concentrating angle is that the concentrating spot of the concentrator should be equal to or smaller than the mirror of the condensing mirror
  • the area of the mouth a converging lens is disposed under the converging mirror, and the converging lens is also on the same optical axis as the converging mirror.
  • the distance between the converging mirror and the converging lens should be such that the specular spot of the converging mirror is completely illuminated to the converging lens.
  • Upper, that is, the spot area should be equal to the central cross-sectional area of the converging lens perpendicular to the optical axis; under the converging lens, a light energy conversion device is disposed along the optical axis direction.
  • the light energy conversion device is a solar cell module, an optical fiber or a superconducting heat pipe, and uses the device to generate electric energy, heat energy or light energy to meet different usage requirements.
  • the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: Since the device has multiple convergence and reflection to achieve ⁇ concentrating, solar energy is utilized sufficiently, and the precision of a single concentrator does not need to be high, and any material such as a concentrator or a converging mirror can be used.
  • the light reflection layer can be manufactured to greatly reduce the manufacturing cost; the solar power source can be used as a component, which is convenient for driving, carrying, repairing and replacing, and is very convenient to use.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a power generation and heat generating device according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an external solar cell module integrated box device
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a concentrated light illumination device of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a thermal power generation device of the present invention.
  • a high performance solar device of the present invention comprises a concentrator 1 and a concentrating mirror 4, etc.
  • the concentrator and the concentrating mirror may be in the shape of a parabolic mirror or other geometric shapes.
  • a parabolic mirror-shaped concentrator 1 is fixedly mounted on a bracket 9, and a bracket 9 is fixed on the base 10.
  • the concentrator 1 converges and reflects sunlight onto the light concentrating mirror 4 thereon.
  • the concentrating mirror 4 is disposed at the top end of the concentrating mirror bracket 5; the concentrator 1 and the condensing mirror 4 have the same optical axis 12; the concentrator 1 reflects the sunlight at a certain angle to the condensing mirror 4
  • a converging lens 6 is disposed under the converging mirror 4, and the converging mirror 4 reflects the concentrated sunlight onto the converging lens 6.
  • the converging lens 6 and the converging mirror 4 are also located on the optical axis 12; the converging lens 6 converges.
  • the rear high-concentration beam is incident on the solar cell module 8 vertically below the lens and placed on the optical axis 12, by adjusting the mutual distance between the concentrator 1, the converging mirror 4, the condenser lens 6, and the solar cell module 8.
  • the distance between the concentrator 1 and the concentrating mirror 4 is such that the condensing mirror 4 does not block the concentrator 1, and the concentrating spot of the concentrator 1 should be equal to or smaller than the mirror area of the condensing mirror 4; the condensing mirror 4, the distance between the converging lens 6 and the converging mirror 4 should be completely irradiated onto the converging lens 6, that is, the spot area should be equal to or smaller than the central cross-sectional area of the converging lens 6 perpendicular to the optical axis 12; the converging lens 6 and The distance between the solar cell modules 8 should be a high-concentration beam concentrated by the converging lens 6, uniformly irradiated on the solar cell module 8, that is, the area of the concentrated beam spot condensed by the converging lens 6 should be equal to the area of the solar cell module 8.
  • the solar cell module 8 can be laminated on a single piece or a plurality of unsealed solar cells. Since the concentrated beam is strong, the transmitted light is strong, and the thickness of the cell can be the upper cell. The transmitted light from the sheet is transmitted to the back sheet to generate electricity at the same time, which can avoid the loss of light reflection and make full use of sunlight. Laminated together
  • the solar cell can be simply packaged, reducing production difficulty, reducing packaging materials, reducing production costs, and avoiding heat island effects and improving battery life.
  • a filter 7 may be disposed between the condenser lens 6 and the solar cell module 8, and the filter 7 can filter out carriers which cannot generate carriers and generate only heat. Light.
  • one or more superconducting tubes 2 are disposed between the condenser lens 6, the filter 7, and the solar cell module 8, and one end of the superconducting tube 2 is connected to the condenser lens 6 and the solar cell module 8.
  • the other end of the superconducting heat pipe 2 is connected to the water tank 3, which can transfer the heat generated by the high concentrated sunlight to achieve the purpose of heat dissipation, and can generate high temperature hot water.
  • the water tank 3 can be used as a component type, suitable for winter or Heating in the cold regions to get hot water for living.
  • the heat generated by a plurality of such single-unit solar photovoltaic power generation devices can be collected on one or several steam power generation devices to form a solar thermal steam generator, so that the solar energy can be more fully utilized and can be greatly Reduce the total cost of solar power.
  • the solar cell module 8 may be a single solar panel, or may be a plurality of solar cells stacked without being packaged, and the solar cells 17 are connected by a card plug; It is ensured that light transmitted from the upper cell is transferred to the next cell.
  • the solar cell module box 15 is disposed at a position away from the condenser lens 6.
  • the solar cell module box 15 is provided with a diverging lens 16 and a solar cell sheet 17, and a plurality of The solar cell sheets 17 are stacked by a card-type plugging method.
  • the sunlight introduced from the condenser lens 6 is taken out through the optical fiber 11, and is concentratedly projected onto the solar cell sheet 17 via the diverging lens 16, and the optical fiber 11 can also be taken out.
  • the sunlight is projected through the diverging lens 16 to the respective layers of the stacked solar cells 17.
  • the device realizes the integration, modularization and miniaturization of the solar cell sheet 17, and can prevent the solar cell sheet from being reduced in conversion efficiency caused by wind, rain, hail and high temperature environment in summer, and can also be reduced. Avoid direct impact, strong shock and impact of external hard objects.
  • Each battery pack is not packaged, avoiding heat island effect, improving light use efficiency and battery life.
  • the above structure can be used to make the solar power source into a component type, which is convenient for vehicle, carrying, repairing and replacing.
  • a filter 7 is disposed between the condenser lens 6 and the optical fiber 11 , and a fan or a super heat pipe is disposed on the external solar cell assembly box 15 to meet the optimal conversion efficiency of the solar cell module. temperature.
  • FIG 3 shows an embodiment of the concentrating illumination device of the present invention.
  • the light beam concentrated by the condenser lens 6 of the device is introduced into the illumination lamp 13 in the place where illumination is required by the optical fiber 11, and a strong illumination light can be obtained, and the utilization efficiency of sunlight can be maximized in terms of single illumination use requirements.
  • a solar light cooker can also be made of a material with fast heat conduction, and the other end of the optical fiber 11 is directly connected to the solar light cooker.
  • Fig. 4 shows an embodiment of the thermal power generation apparatus of the present invention.
  • One or more superconducting tubes 2 are disposed under the converging lens 6, and the superconducting tube 2 is passed into the steam boiler of the steam generator set 14, so that the solar energy can be directly used for steam power generation; the heat source can also be connected through the superconducting tube 2.
  • the other end of the superconducting heat pipe 2 is connected to the solar heat stove for use in a plurality of split solar hot stoves, or directly into the water tank to provide domestic hot water.
  • the high-performance solar device of the present invention is provided with a solar tracking system, which can keep the parabolic mirror or geometric reflector always facing the sun, and achieve the best concentration effect.
  • the device can adjust the concentration of light to hundreds of times or more, so under the same conditions, the amount of solar cell modules can be greatly reduced, and the conversion efficiency of existing solar cells can be greatly improved by more than double. Since the device is highly concentrated and reflected to achieve high concentration, the accuracy of a single concentrator is not required to be high, thereby greatly reducing the manufacturing cost.
  • the concentrator 1, the condensing mirror 4 and the like of the device can be made of any material, and a light reflecting layer can be added thereon, and the form can be hard or folded, as long as it can be used. Ask for it.
  • the device is provided with a charging device, an energy storage device, an inverter, and a voltage stabilizing device, and can be made into a solar power source of various powers to meet the needs of different loads.
  • Large-scale power plants can also be formed through large arrays, and grid-connected power generation.

Abstract

Dispositif utilisant l'énergie solaire et comprenant un concentrateur (1) et un réflecteur focal (4) monté sur un support. Ce concentrateur (1) concentre et réfléchit la lumière solaire vers le réflecteur focal (4) placé au-dessus dudit concentrateur (1) selon un certain nombre de degrés. Une lentille focale (6) est placée au-dessous du réflecteur focal (1). Le concentrateur (1) et le réflecteur focal (4) possèdent un axe optique analogue. Le système (2), tel que des batteries solaires modulaires, des fibres optiques ou des conduits thermiques supraconducteurs, capables de convertir l'énergie solaire, sont placés sous la lentille focale (6), ainsi que le long dudit axe optique. Ce dispositif, qui utilise l'énergie solaire, peut permettre de produire de l'énergie électrique, de l'énergie thermique ou de l'énergie lumineuse afin de réponde à différents besoins.
PCT/CN2006/003658 2006-01-06 2006-12-29 Dispositif tres efficace utilisant l'energie solaire WO2007079657A1 (fr)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200610011119.4 2006-01-06
CNA2006100111194A CN1996738A (zh) 2006-01-06 2006-01-06 一种高性能太阳能装置

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2007079657A1 true WO2007079657A1 (fr) 2007-07-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2006/003658 WO2007079657A1 (fr) 2006-01-06 2006-12-29 Dispositif tres efficace utilisant l'energie solaire

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CN (1) CN1996738A (fr)
WO (1) WO2007079657A1 (fr)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2364714A1 (es) * 2008-12-17 2011-09-13 Fernando Padilla Muela Central fotovoltaica, con receptor y cables de fibra óptica conectados a distancia en contenedores estanco, aplicable en la producción de energía eléctrica de uso generalizado.
GB2485332A (en) * 2010-09-28 2012-05-16 Gm Innovations Ltd Energy capture device
WO2016092580A3 (fr) * 2014-12-09 2016-08-25 Vito Lavanga Procédé permettant de capturer un spectre radiatif thermique et spécifique visible, et dispositif pour la mise en œuvre dudit procédé

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101771370B (zh) * 2009-09-30 2014-06-25 新疆维吾尔自治区新能源研究所 一种使用二次反射法实现数倍聚光的太阳能发电装置
CN102062937A (zh) * 2010-11-19 2011-05-18 李忠孝 一种太阳能汇聚方法及其在加热和照明中的应用
CN103528207A (zh) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-22 十堰榔梅实业有限公司 蝶式太阳能聚热装置

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4068474A (en) * 1976-08-30 1978-01-17 Boris Dimitroff Apparatus and process for steam generation by solar energy
WO1980000489A1 (fr) * 1976-03-10 1980-03-20 Advanced Solar Power Co Systeme de conversion de l'energie solaire
US4249516A (en) * 1979-01-24 1981-02-10 North American Utility Construction Corp. Solar energy collection
US4627418A (en) * 1980-09-08 1986-12-09 Geruldine Gibson Apparatus for the carbothermic reduction of metal oxides using solar energy
CN1357684A (zh) * 2000-12-07 2002-07-10 李儒秀 多用途太阳能蒸汽泵
CN2624120Y (zh) * 2003-06-05 2004-07-07 穆瑞力 光缆式太阳能传输装置

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1980000489A1 (fr) * 1976-03-10 1980-03-20 Advanced Solar Power Co Systeme de conversion de l'energie solaire
US4068474A (en) * 1976-08-30 1978-01-17 Boris Dimitroff Apparatus and process for steam generation by solar energy
US4249516A (en) * 1979-01-24 1981-02-10 North American Utility Construction Corp. Solar energy collection
US4627418A (en) * 1980-09-08 1986-12-09 Geruldine Gibson Apparatus for the carbothermic reduction of metal oxides using solar energy
CN1357684A (zh) * 2000-12-07 2002-07-10 李儒秀 多用途太阳能蒸汽泵
CN2624120Y (zh) * 2003-06-05 2004-07-07 穆瑞力 光缆式太阳能传输装置

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2364714A1 (es) * 2008-12-17 2011-09-13 Fernando Padilla Muela Central fotovoltaica, con receptor y cables de fibra óptica conectados a distancia en contenedores estanco, aplicable en la producción de energía eléctrica de uso generalizado.
GB2485332A (en) * 2010-09-28 2012-05-16 Gm Innovations Ltd Energy capture device
WO2016092580A3 (fr) * 2014-12-09 2016-08-25 Vito Lavanga Procédé permettant de capturer un spectre radiatif thermique et spécifique visible, et dispositif pour la mise en œuvre dudit procédé

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Publication number Publication date
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