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WO2005067764A1 - Cleaning apparatus with reciprocating or rotating brush head - Google Patents

Cleaning apparatus with reciprocating or rotating brush head

Info

Publication number
WO2005067764A1
WO2005067764A1 PCT/US2004/042819 US2004042819W WO2005067764A1 WO 2005067764 A1 WO2005067764 A1 WO 2005067764A1 US 2004042819 W US2004042819 W US 2004042819W WO 2005067764 A1 WO2005067764 A1 WO 2005067764A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
head
housing
brush
shaft
cleaning
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2004/042819
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
David O. Meyers
Darrell E. Goff
Aaron D. Cobabe
W. Kenneth Thiess
Qi-Chun Jackson Zhao
Original Assignee
Sonicscrubbers,Llc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • A61C17/34Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor
    • A61C17/3409Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor characterized by the movement of the brush body
    • A61C17/3427Rotation around the axis perpendicular to the axis of toothbrush handle and in the plane defined by the bristle holder
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B13/00Brushes with driven brush bodies or carriers
    • A46B13/008Disc-shaped brush bodies
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B13/00Brushes with driven brush bodies or carriers
    • A46B13/02Brushes with driven brush bodies or carriers power-driven carriers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B15/00Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
    • A46B15/0002Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B15/00Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
    • A46B15/0002Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process
    • A46B15/0016Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process with enhancing means
    • A46B15/0036Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process with enhancing means with a lighting means, e.g. laser, bulb
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B5/00Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
    • A46B5/002Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions
    • A46B5/0054Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body
    • A46B5/0075Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body being adjustable and stable during use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B5/00Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
    • A46B5/002Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions
    • A46B5/0054Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body
    • A46B5/0075Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body being adjustable and stable during use
    • A46B5/0083Mechanical joint allowing adjustment in at least one plane
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B5/00Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
    • A46B5/002Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions
    • A46B5/0054Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body
    • A46B5/0075Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body being adjustable and stable during use
    • A46B5/0087Mechanical joint featuring a ball and socket
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B9/00Arrangements of the bristles in the brush body
    • A46B9/02Position or arrangement of bristles in relation to surface of the brush body, e.g. inclined, in rows, in groups
    • A46B9/028Bristle profile, the end of the bristle defining a surface other than a single plane or deviating from a simple geometric form, e.g. cylinder, sphere or cone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/222Brush body details, e.g. the shape thereof or connection to handle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/24Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like rotating continuously
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • A61C17/34Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor
    • A61C17/3409Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor characterized by the movement of the brush body
    • A61C17/3472Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor characterized by the movement of the brush body with combined movements of the brush body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/24Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like rotating continuously
    • A61C17/26Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like rotating continuously driven by electric motor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • A61C17/34Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor
    • A61C17/3409Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor characterized by the movement of the brush body
    • A61C17/3418Rotation around the axis of the toothbrush handle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • A61C17/34Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor
    • A61C17/3409Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor characterized by the movement of the brush body
    • A61C17/3436Rotation around the axis perpendicular to the plane defined by the bristle holder

Abstract

A cleaning apparatus includes an elongated housing (36) bounding a chamber with a motor (60) disposed therein. A drive shaft (100) is at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing, the drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the drive shaft is rotated continuously. A brush head (14) is coupled with the drive shaft and has a plurality of bristles (16) mounted thereon, the brush head has a rotational axis (127) about which the brush head continuously or reciprocally rotates.

Description

CLEANING APPARATUS WITH RECIPROCATING OR ROTATING BRUSH HEAD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. The Field of the Invention The present invention relates to hand held cleaning apparatus having a reciprocating or rotating brush head.

2. The Relevant Technology Household cleaning is a never ending business. Although there are numerous types of sponges and brushes that are specially designed to clean large, open surface areas such as countertops, sinks, and bathtubs, there are fewer resources available for cleaning the difficult cracks, corners, and other hard to reach areas that are ubiquitous in a home. Although conventional sponges and brushes can certainly be used for cleaning corners and other hard to reach areas, the configuration and large size of such conventional cleaners makes them difficult to access such areas. The user is often required to apply extensive force by the ends or tips of the fingers so as to force the cleaner into the crack or comer to be cleaned. Such cleaning is tiring and often results in cramping of the hand and/or fingers. This problem is compounded by the fact that corners and cracks are typically where dirt, mold, soap scum, and other undesirables tend to grow or build-up. As such, extra energy or force is often necessary to clean such locations. Conventional toothbrushes are often used to clean such hard to reach areas. The problem with toothbrushes, however, is that because they are specifically designed for cleaning teeth around sensitive gums, toothbrushes are typically too soft and do not have a good angle for any extended, aggressive scrubbing of hard surfaces. Furthermore, because of the small handles on toothbrushes, any significant scrubbing using a toothbrush again produces fatigue and cramping of the hand. Accordingly, what is needed are improved cleaning apparatus which can be used for cleaning small, hard to reach areas, which can be used for durable, extended scrubbing, and which can be used with minimal fatigue. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Various embodiments of the present invention will now be discussed with reference to the appended drawings. It is appreciated that these drawings depict only typical embodiments of the invention and are therefore not to be considered limiting of its scope. Figure 1 is a an elevated side view of one embodiment of the inventive cleaning apparatus; Figure 2 is a top plan view of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 1; Figure 3 is an elevated front end view of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 1; Figure 4 is an elevated front view of the front face of the brush head shown in Figure 3; Figure 5 is an exploded view of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 1; Figure 6 is a cross sectional side view of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 1; Figure 7 is a perspective view of a subassembly of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 1 showing a drive shaft coupled with a hub and brush head; Figure 8 is an enlarged perspective view of the drive shaft shown in Figure 7; Figure 9A is an enlarged perspective view of the hub shown in Figure 7; Figure 9B is an enlarged perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the hub shown in Figure 9A; Figure 10 is an enlarge perspective view of the coupled parts shown in Figure 7; Figure 11 is a perspective view of an alternative embodiment of a cleaning apparatus; Figures 12A and 12B are exploded views of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 11; Figure 13 is a cross sectional side view of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 11; Figure 14A is an enlarged cross sectional side view of the button switch assembly shown in Figure 13 in an off position; Figure 14B is an enlarged cross sectional side view of the button switch assembly shown in Figure 14A in a momentary position; Figure 14C is an enlarged cross sectional side view of the button switch assembly shown in Figure 14A in a on position; Figure 15 is an enlarged perspective view of the hub shown in Figure 12 A; Figure 16 is an elevated side view of an alternative embodiment of a cleaning apparatus having a brush head the pivots; Figure 17 is an exploded view of the hinge of the cleaning apparatus shown in Figure 16; Figures 18A and 18B are cross sectional side views of the head assembly shown in Figure 16 in two different pivoted positions; Figure 19 is a perspective view of an alternative embodiment of a brush having a conical tip; Figures 20A and 20B are cross sectional side views of an alternative embodiment of a head assembly wherein the brush head is configured to continuously rotate; Figure 21 A is an exploded perspective view of the universal joint shown in Figure 20A; Figure 2 IB is a perspective view of the universal joint shown in Figure 21 A; Figure 22 is a cross sectional side view of an alternative embodiment of a cleaning apparatus having a light source mounted to the body assembly; and Figure 23 is a cross sectional side view of an alternative embodiment of a cleaning apparatus having a light source mounted to the head assembly. DETAILED DESCRD7TION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The present invention relates cleaning apparatus having a reciprocating or rotating brush head. The cleaning apparatus is generally designed for domestic use in cleaning small, hard to reach areas such as cracks, comers, grooves and crevices. For example, the cleaning apparatus can be used for cleaning comers and around faucets on counter tops and in showers. It can also be used for spot scrubbing materials such as fabric and carpets. It is appreciated, however, that the apparatus can be used for cleaning any type of surface in commercial, residential, or any other application. The cleaning apparatus, however, is not designed for use as a toothbrush. Depicted in Figures 1-3 is one embodiment of a cleaning apparatus 4 incorporating features of the present invention. Cleaning apparatus 4 generally comprises a body assembly 5 having a removable head assembly 6. Head assembly 6 includes a head housing 7 having an upper head housing 22 which mates with a lower head housing 24. Each of head housings 22 and 24 extend between a proximal end 32 and an opposing distal end 34. Head assembly 6 further includes a rotatable brush head 14 having a brush 16 mounted thereon. As will be discussed below in greater detail, brush head 14 comprises an annular carrier plate 122 having a top surface 124 and an opposing bottom surface 125. Depicted in Figure 4, a plurality of tufting holes 170 are formed on bottom surface 125. In one embodiment tufting holes 170 are circular and each have a diameter in a range between about 1 mm to about 4 mm with about 2 mm to about 3 mm being more common. Tufting holes 170 are shown disposed in concentric rings. Alternatively, tufting holes 170 can also be randomly disposed or be in other patterns. In the embodiment depicted, tufting holes 170 from an outer ring 172, a middle ring 174, an inner ring 176 and a center tufting hole 178. As seen in Figure 3, disposed within each tufting hole 170 is a tuft 180 which is comprised of a plurality of bristles 182. The combined tufts 180 form brush 16. Bristles 182 can be made of a variety of different materials having different lengths and diameters. By adjusting the properties of the bristles 182, brush 16 can be formed having different stiffnesses to better suite different uses. In general, bristles having shorter length and increased diameter have increased stiffness. Bristles 182 can be made from a variety of different natural or synthetic materials. In one embodiment, bristles 182 are comprised of a polymer material such as nylon. In other embodiments, such as for use in cleaning a barbeque grill, bristles 182 can be comprised of a metal such as brass, stainless steel, or copper. As depicted in Figure 1, each bristle has an exposed length L which is typically in a range between about 0.3 cm to about 2.5 cm with about 1 cm to about 2 cm being more common. The depicted brush 16 has a substantially cylindrical configuration with a maximum diameter D that is typically in a range between about 1 cm to about 5 cm, with about 1 cm to about 3 cm being common, and about 1.5 cm to about 2.5 cm being more common. Larger brushes may have a diameter in a range from about 3 cm to about 5 cm. In alternative embodiments, brush 16 can have any desired configuration and can have any desired dimensions, including longer lengths and diameters, so as to function for a particular purpose. Because head assembly 6 is removable from body assembly 5, it is appreciated that a variety of different head assemblies 6 can be made, each having a brush 16 of different configuration and/or properties. For example head assembly 6 can be formed each having a brush 16 with soft bristles, medium bristles, stiff bristles or combinations thereof. In one embodiment the soft bristles are comprised of a polymeric material having a diameter in a range between about 0.15 mm to about 0.25 mm with about 0.18 mm to about 0.23 mm being more common. Medium polymeric bristles typically have a diameter in a range between about 0.30 mm to about 0.48 mm with about 0.37 mm to about 0.42 mm being more common. Finally, polymeric stiff bristles typically have a diameter in a range between about 0.48 mm to about 0.75 mm with about 0.52 mm to about 0.58 mm being more common. By way of comparison, bristles on tooth brushes typically have a diameter less than 0.15 mm so that the bristles are not so stiff as to damage the gums or enamel of the teeth. In one embodiment having a combination of bristles 182, tufting holes 170 in outer ring 172, middle ring 174, and inner ring 176 (Figure 4) are filled with medium bristles while center tufting hole 178 is filled with stiff bristles forming a stopping tuft. The bristles in the stopping tuft are shorter than the other bristles. During use, the stiffness of the stopping tuft helps limit the collapse of the other tufts as the brush is pressed against the surface to be cleaned. This helps to ensure that the tips of the bristles, as opposed to the sides, are primarily used for scrubbing. Bristles having different properties can also be defined by relative percentages. For example, in a brush having a stopping tuft and cleaning tufts, the bristles of the cleaning tufts can have a length that is at least 20% longer or at least 30% longer than the bristles of the stopping tuft and a diameter that is at least 30% smaller or at least 40% smaller than the bristles of the stopping tuft. Similarly, in one embodiment depicted in Figure 3, brush 16 can comprise a group of central tufts 8 which are surrounded by outer perimeter tufts 9. The outer perimeter tufts 9 are slightly longer and softer than central tufts 8. As such, light contact by brush 16 produces soft scrubbing by outer perimeter tufts 9 while harder biasing of brush 16 causes central tufts 8 to engage the surface, thereby producing harder scrubbing. In alternative embodiments, all the tufts/bristles can be the same length, diameter, or stiffness or any combination of lengths, diameters and stiffness can be used. Body assembly 5 includes a body housing 12 having a substantially cylindrical configuration. Body housing 12 can have a circular, elliptical or any other desired transverse cross section and is sized to comfortably fit within the hand of a user. In one embodiment, body housing 12 has a maximum diameter in a range between about 2.5 cm to about 4.5 cm. Other dimensions can also be used. Body housing 12 comprises an upper body housing 18 which mates with a lower body housing 20. Each of body housings 18 and 20 also extend from a proximal end 26 to an opposing distal end 28. Upper body housing 18 has an aperture 21 in which a flexible button 23 is mounted (see Figure 5). Removably mounted to proximal end 26 of body housing 12 is an end cap 30. It is noted that button 23 is positioned on one side of cleaning apparatus 4 while brush 16 projects from the other side of cleaning apparatus 4. This configuration enables the user to easily activate button 23 during using of cleaning apparatus 4. Furthermore, by having this configuration, the force used to press down on button 23, such as with the thumb of the user, can also be used for pressing the brush against the surface to be cleaned. Head housing 7, body housing 12, and end cap 30 combine to form a housing 36. Housing 36 has a substantially cylindrical configuration with a length extending between proximal end 32 and end cap 30 that is typically in a range between about 15 cm to about 35 cm with about 20 cm to about 30 cm being more common. Other dimensions can also be used. In alternative embodiments housing 36 can have a variety of other configurations. Although housing 36 may not be completely symmetrical along its entire length, housing 36 has a substantially central longitudinal axis 38 extending therethrough. As depicted in Figure 5, body housing 12 bounds a battery compartment 40, a motor compartment 42, and a shaft compartment 43. A partition 44 is formed between compartment 40 and 42 while a partition 46 is formed between compartment 42 and 43. Battery compartment 40 is accessed through an opening 48 formed at proximal end 26 of body housing 12. Opening 48 is selectively closed by end cap 30. An annular seal ring 50 forms a liquid tight seal between body housing 12 and end cap 30. As depicted in Figures 5 and 6, cleaning apparatus 10 further includes a motor assembly 58. Motor assembly 58 comprises a motor 60 having a proximal end 62 and an opposing distal end 64 that is mounted within motor compartment 42. Projecting from distal end 64 of motor 60 into shaft compartment 43 is a drive shaft 66 terminating at a first coupling 68. First coupling 68 terminates at an end face 70. End face 70 comprises a pair of sloping surfaces 72 that are connected by stepped shoulders 74. An annular shaft seal 76 encircles first coupling 68 and forms a liquid tight seal between first coupling 68 and body housing 12. Battery compartment 40 is configured to receive a plurality of batteries. For example, in the embodiment battery compartment 40 is configured to receive four batteries 78 of a size AA. Other sizes and numbers of batteries can also be used in alternative embodiments. The positive end of batteries 78 bias against a first contact plate 80 which is in electrical communication with motor 60. The negative end of batteries 78 bias against a second contact plate 82 which is mounted within end cap 30. An elongated switch 88 has a first end 90 which is in electrical communication with second contact plate 82 when end cap 30 is mounted to body housing 12. Switch 88 comprises an elongated base 92 which extends along battery compartment 40, a riser 94 which extends along partition 44, and a flexible lever arm 96 which projects so as to be disposed between button 23 and motor 60. When button 23 is manually depressed, lever 96 is biased against motor 60, thereby closing the circuit which is energized by batteries 78. In turn, as the circuit is closed, the energy from batteries 78 causes motor 60 to rotatably drive drive shaft 66. As button 23 is released, the circuit is broken and motor 60 is turned off. In alternative embodiments, it is appreciated that a variety of different switching mechanisms can be used so that motor 60 can be continually activated without having to continually manually depress button 23. Furthermore, it is appreciated that batteries 78 can be replaced with an electrical cord. With further reference to Figures 5 and 6, head assembly 6 further comprises a drive shaft 100. As depicted in Figure 8, drive shaft 100 comprises an elongated shaft 102 having a proximal end 104 and an opposing distal end 106. Distal end 106 terminates at a distal end face 108. Radially encircling and outwardly projecting from shaft 102 at distal end 106 is an annular flange 109. A bearing or bushing 162 (Figure 7) is mounted on shaft 102 so as to bias against flange 109. Mounted at proximal end 104 of shaft 102 is a second coupling 110 having an end face 112 that is complementary to end face 70 of first coupling 68. That is, second coupling 110 is configured to mesh with first coupling 68 so that stepped shoulders 74 bias against one another. As a result, rotation of drive shaft 66 by motor 60 is transferred through couplings 68 and 110 to cause rotation of shaft 102. Extending from end face 108 at distal end 107 of shaft 102 is a stem 114. Mounted on the end of stem 114 is a rounded head 116. In the embodiment depicted, head 116 is spherical or substantially spherical. Here it is noted, as will be discussed below in greater detail, shaft 102 has a rotational axis and central longitudinal axis 118, which in the depicted embodiment are the same, and stem 114 has a central longitudinal axis 120. Stem 114 is eccentrically mounted on end face 108 of shaft 102 so that central longitudinal axis 120 of stem 114 is offset from central longitudinal axis 118 of shaft 102. Rotational axis 118 can also be the same axis as the rotational axis and central longitudinal axis of drive shaft 66 and can also be the same as central longitudinal axis 38 of housing 36 (Figure 1). Returning to Figure 5, brush head 14 comprises annular carrier plate 122, as previously discussed, having top surface 124. Projecting from top surface 124 is a spindle 126. Spindle 126 comprises a central axle 128 having an arm 130 projecting from each side thereof. A rotational axis 127, about which brush 16 and brush head 14 rotate, extends through spindle 126. Rotational axis 127 can also be the central axis for brush 16 and brush head 14. Mounted on spindle 126 is a hub 132. As depicted in Figure 9A, hub 132 has opposing side surfaces 136 and 138 which extend between a top surface 140 and an opposing bottom surface 142. Hub 132 also includes a front face 144 and an opposing back face 146. A passage 148 extends from top surface 140 to bottom surface 142. A side channel 150 extends through side surfaces 136 and 138 adjacent to bottom surface 142 so as to intersect with passage 148. During assembly, hub 132 is received over spindle 126 so that axle 128 extends through passage 148 and arms 130 are received within side channel 150. A bearing or bushing 151 (Figure 5) is mounted on axle 128 at top surface 140 of hub 132. In this configuration, hub 132 is engaged with spindle 126 such that rotation of hub 132 facilitates rotation of spindle 126 and thus the remainder of brush head 14. In alternative embodiment, it is appreciated that hub 132 can be integrally formed with brush head 14. Hub 132 further comprises a channel 152 formed on front face 144 and extending to top surface 140. Channel 152 is vertically aligned with passage 148 and is bounded by a first engagement surface 156, a spaced apart second engagement surface 158, and an inside face 159 extending therebetween. Engagement surfaces 156 and 158 are opposingly facing and are in substantially parallel alignment. Recessed along each engagement surface 156 and 158 is a locking channel 160. Each locking channel 160 is elongated and is slightly arched along the length thereof. The distance between engagement surfaces 156 and 158 of hub 132 is smaller than the diameter of rounded head 116. As depicted in Figures 7 and 10, however, hub 132 is configured so that head

116 can be snap-fit between engagement surfaces 156 and 158 so that head 116 is resiliently captured within locking channels 160 formed on engagement surfaces 156 and 158. In this configuration, head 116 is resiliently biased between faces 156 and 158. In an alternative embodiment depicted in Figure 9B, locking channels 160 can be eliminated so that engagement surfaces 156 and 158 are substantially flat. In this embodiment, head 116 can be sized to snugly or loosely fit between engagement surfaces 156 and 158. Returning to Figure 5, head housing 7 is enclosed over drive shaft 100 and hub

132 so that head housing 7 rides against bearings 151 and 162. Bayonet slots 164 are formed on distal end 28 of body housing 12 while bayonet prongs 166 project from proximal end 32 of head housing 7. As such, head assembly 6 can be removably connected to body assembly 5 using the bayonet connection (Figure 1). In the above assembled configuration, couplings 68 and 110 are mated.

Accordingly, as button 23 is depressed, motor 60 is energized causing drive shaft 66 and drive shaft 100 to each rotate about their rotational or central longitudinal axis. In turn, because stem 114 and rounded head 116 are mounted eccentrically on shaft 102, head 116 rotates in a circle. That is, as shaft 102 spins or rotates, head 116 begins to rotate in an enlarged circle so as to bias against engagement surface 158 of hub 132 causing hub 132 with connected brush head 14 and brush 16 to rotate in a first direction about axle 128. The length and arch of locking channels 160 allows for free rotation of head 116 within locking channels 160. Once head 116 has moved to its furthest extent in one direction, head 116 then begins to bias against the opposing engagement surface 156 causing hub 132, with connected brush head 14 and brush 16, to rotate in the opposing direction about axle 128. As such, rapid rotation of drive shaft 100 with head 116 causes hub 132 with connected brush head 14 and brush 16 to rapidly reciprocate. By securing head 116 within locking channels 160, a snug engagement can be formed between hub 132 and head 116. This snug fit optimizes the transfer of movement between drive rod 100 and hub 132. That is, the snug fit eliminates slop between hub 132 and drive rod 100 even after head 116 has begun to wear within locking channels 160. Once cleaning apparatus 10 is energized, brush 16 can be biased against a surface for cleaning. It is noted that brush 16 is positioned at an orientation relative housing 36 so as to optimize convenience and use. For example, with reference to Figure 6, in one embodiment brush 16 projects relative to the central longitudinal axis of body assembly 5 or head assembly 6 so as to form a set inside angle θ therewith typically in a range between about 90° to about 180° with about 110° to about 140° being more common. Other angles can also be used. Expressed in other terms, rotational axis 127 of brush head 14 or brush 16 intersects with rotational axis 38 of the drive shaft or of central longitudinal axis 118 of housing 36 so as to form the set inside angle θ as discussed above. By having the angle θ at about 110° to about 140°, the user is able to more conveniently place and use brush 16 while holding onto housing 36. The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from its spirit or essential characteristics. The described embodiments are to be considered in all respects only as illustrative and not restrictive. For example, it is appreciated that locking channels 160 need not merely be recessed within inner side walls 156 and 158 but can completely extend through hub 132. Furthermore, it is not necessary that head 116 be spherical. In alternative embodiments, it is appreciated that head 116 can be elliptical or have a variety of other configurations that mate with complementary locking channels. Depicted in Figure 11 is an alternative embodiment of a cleaning apparatus 200 incorporating features of the present invention. Like elements between cleaning apparatus 10 and 200 are identified by like reference characters. Cleaning apparatus comprises a head assembly 202 and a body assembly 204. Turning to Figure 12A, body assembly 204 comprises a body housing 206 which is molded as a tubular member. Body housing 206 comprises a handle portion 208 having a proximal end 210 and an opposing distal end 212. Distal end 212 terminates at and end face 214 from which a tapered, tubular stem 216 projects. A pair of opposing bayonet slots 217 are formed along stem 216. Handle portion 208 and stem 216 are typically comprised of a substantially rigid plastic such as ABS. An overly 218, comprised of a softer, flexible plastic such as TPE or rubber, is molded over a section of handle portion 208. Overlay 218 allows improved gripping of cleaning apparatus 200. Body housing 206 has an interior surface 220 which bounds a chamber 222. Turning to Figure 12B, secured within chamber 222 is a guide 224. Guide 224 comprises an elongated partition wall 226 having a proximal end 228 and an opposing distal end 230. The sides of partition wall 228 are curved so that batteries 78 can be complementary received on each side thereof. A cantilevered latch 232 is formed at proximal end 238 at both the top and bottom of partition wall 226. Each latch 232 terminates at a barb 234. A spring 236 is positioned between partition wall 226 and each latch 232 so that each latch 232 can be selectively compressed toward partition wall 226 and, when released, each latch 232 resiliently rebounds. As depicted in Figure 13, holes 235 are formed through each side of handle portion 208 at proximal end 210. An engaging portion 238 of overlay 218 is molded over holes 235. Guide 224 is positioned within chamber 222 to that each latch 232 is aligned with a corresponding hole 235. A user is thus able to manually press inward on the flexible engaging portions 238 of overlay 218 so as to selectively inwardly press latches 232. Latches 232 are used for securing an end cap 240 to proximal end 210 of body housing 206. Specifically, end cap 210 has an interior surface 242 with a pair of opposing catches 244 formed thereon. When end cap 240 is pushed onto proximal end 210 of body housing 206, barbs 234 on latches 232 engage catches 244 so as to securely lock end cap 240 on body housing 206. To remove end cap 240, engaging portions 238 are manually depressed as discussed above so as to inwardly flex latches 232 and thus release barbs 234 from catches 244. Returning to Figure 12B, cupped support 246 is formed at distal end 230 of partition wall 226 and is used to support motor 60. Motor 60 rotates an initial shaft 250 which in turn rotates a drive shaft 254. Drive shaft 254 has a head 255 formed at a distal end thereof. Head 255 typically has a non-circular transverse cross section such that it can engage with a coupler as discussed below in greater detail. In the embodiment depicted, head 255 comprises a flattened portion of drive shaft 254. In alternative embodiments, head 255 can have any number of different polygonal or non-circular transverse cross sections. A conventional gear assembly 252 extends between initial shaft 250 and drive shaft 254 so that the torque produced by drive shaft 254 is adjusted relative to the torque produced by initial shaft 250 by a ratio in a range between about 1.5:1 to about 3.5:1. Increasing the torque capacity of drive shaft 254 enable brush 16 to continue to reciprocate or rotate even when substantial bearing force is applied to brush 16 while scrubbing. This is contrary to many conventional electric toothbrushes where it is desired that the brush stop moving or significantly slow when too much force is applied so that the toothbrush does not damage the gums. It is appreciated that there are a variety of different mechanism that can be used to transfer electricity from batteries 78 to motor 60. In the illustrated embodiment, the four batteries 78 are disposed in parallel. The negative end of the back two batteries 78 bias against a corresponding spring 256 which are each in electrical communication with a transfer spring 258. The springs are mounted on a plate 255 which is secured within end cap 240. Transfer spring 258 biases against a contact 260. An electrical lead 262 extends from contact 260 to motor 60. The positive end of the front two batteries 78 bias against a correspond contact 264 which are each in electrical communication with a flexible switch 266. Switch 266 is positioned above motor 60 such that when switch 266 is biased against motor 60, the circuit is complete and motor 60 is energized. In an alternative embodiment, batteries 78 can be positioned in series rather then parallel. In this embodiment, springs 256 are in electrical communication with each other but transfer spring 256, contact 260, and lead 262 are eliminated. Likewise, the two contacts 264 are separated from each other. One of contacts 264 is in direct electrical communication with motor 60 while the other contact 264 remains connected with switch 266. Placing batteries 78 in series increases the voltage to provide more power to the motor. Turning to Figure 12A, an opening 270 is formed on a top surface body housing 206 so as to communicate with chamber 222. Opening 270 is aligned with motor 60 and switch 266. Secured within opening 270 is a flexible diaphragm 272. Diaphragm 272 has a top surface 274 and an opposing bottom surface 276. A projection 278 is formed on top surface 274. A cover plate 280 has an elongated hole 282 extending therethrough and is secured over opening 270 so that hole 282 is aligned with projection 278. A button 284 is slidably mounted to cover plate 280 by a catch 286 and a retainer 288. As depicted in Figure 14A, button 284 comprises a generally cup-shaped body 290 having an interior surface 292 with a stem 294 projecting therefrom. Button 284 is comprised of a resiliently flexible material which is typically a natural or synthetic rubber. Retainer 288 comprises a substantially circular frame 296 having an opening 298 extending therethrough. Opening 298 is at least partially bounded by a lip 300. Retainer 288 is comprised of a substantially rigid material or at least a material that is more rigid than the material used for button 284. Button 284 is secured to retainer 288 so that stem 294 passes through opening 298. In one embodiment, button 284 is secured to retainer 288 by being molded directly onto retainer 288 during the formation of button 284, i.e., overlay molding process. Catch 286 (Figure 14B) comprises a base 302 having an opening 304 extending therethrough. A pair of barbed prongs 306 upwardly project from a top surface of base 302 on opposing sides of opening 304. Catch 286 is used to secure button 284 on cover plate 280. Specifically, button 284 and retainer 288 are positioned on the top surface of cover plate 280 so that stem 294 is aligned with opening 282 of cover plate 280. Prongs 306 of catch 286 are then pushed up through opening 282 of cover plate 280 from the bottom surface thereof so that prongs engage with lip 300 of retainer 288 by a snap fit connection. In this assembled configuration, button 284 can selectively side on cover plate

280 between an off position as shown in Figure 14A and an on position as shown in Figure 14C. In the off position, projection 278 of diaphragm 272 is disposed between stem 294 of button 284 and switch 266 and is at least partially disposed within opening 304 of catch 286. In this position, switch 266 is spaced apart from motor 60 so that no electrical contact is made. From the off position, there are two ways in which a user can energize motor 60. In one approach, as depicted in Figure 14B, a user can simply press down on the center of button 284. In so doing, stem 294 is pressed down against projection 278 which in turn pushes down switch 266 so that switch 266 contacts motor 60, thereby energizing motor 60. When the user releases button 284, button 284 resiliently returns to the off position. In the second approach as depicted in Figure 14C, the user manually slides button 284 along cover plate 280. In so doing, base 302 of catch 286 rides over projection 278 which pushes projection 278 downward again causing switch 266 to contact motor 60, thereby energizing motor 60. Motor 60 remains energized until button 284 is again moved back to the off position. The button assembly thus enables a single, integral button to activate the motor in two different modes of operation. Returning to Figure 12A, head assembly 202 comprises a head housing 201 which includes upper head housing 22 and lower head housing 24 each having proximal end 32 and opposing distal end 34. Head housing 201 bounds a channel 316 extending along the length thereof which is at least partially divided by complementary partition walls 317 formed on housing 22 and 24. Secured between housing 22 and 24 at proximal end 32 is an engagement ring 312. Engagement ring 312 has opposing bayonet prong 318 formed on an interior surface thereof. Head assembly 202 is removably secured to body assembly 204 by inserting stem 216 of body housing 206 within proximal end 32 of head assembly 202 so that bayonet prongs 318 are received within bayonet slots 217 and then rotating head assembly 202 relative to body assembly 204. Head assembly 202 comprises a drive shaft 320 having a proximal end 322 and an opposing distal end 324. Proximal end 322 has a coupler 326 secured thereto. Coupler 326 has a socket 328 formed on the free end thereof that is designed to removably engage with head 255 on drive shaft 254 extending from motor 60. Specifically, socket 328 has a configuration complementary to head 255 such that when head 255 is received within socket 328, rotation of drive shaft 254 causes rotation of drive shaft 320. Head 255 is removably received within socket 328 when head assembly 202 is removably coupled with body assembly 204 as discussed above. An enlarged disk 330 is secured to distal end 324 of drive shaft 320. In the embodiment depicted, disk 330 has a substantially cylindrical configuration that includes a proximal end face 332 and an opposing distal end face 334. Distal end 324 of drive shaft 320 is centrally secured to proximal end face 332. In contrast, stem 114 and rounded head 116 are mounted on distal end face 334 at a location spaced radially outward from the rotational axis of drive shaft 320. That is, stem 114 is eccentrically mounted on end face 334 in the same manner as discussed above with regard to cleaning apparatus 4. It is noted that centrally positioning enlarged disk 330 at the end of drive shaft 320 helps to stabilize drive shaft 320 during the rotation of eccentrically mounted rounded head 116. In alternative embodiments, however, drive shaft 320 can have the same diameter as disk 330 or disk 330 can be eliminated and an arm formed between drive shaft 330 and stem 114. Other conventional techniques can also be used to eccentrically position rounded head 116. A cylindrical bushing 336 encircles drive shaft 320 toward distal end 324 and is supported within supports 338 formed on the interior surface of head housing 201. As with cleaning apparatus 4, cleaning apparatus 200 includes brush head 14. Brush head 14 comprises carrier plate 122 having bottom surface 125 with brush 16 comprised of bristles formed thereon. Plate 122 also has top surface 124 with spindle 126 and arms 130 projecting therefrom. Axle 128 centrally projects from spindle 126 and has a rotational axis extending therethrough. A tubular bushing 340 is secured to upper head housing 22 and encircles axle 128 (Figure 13). Axle 128 and spindle 126 are received within a hub 342 with a wear plate 341 positioned between bushing 340 and spindle 126. As depicted in Figure 15, hub 342 comprises a substantially cylindrical base 344 having a front face 346, a back face 348, and opposing side faces 350 and 351 which each extend between a top surface 352 and an opposing bottom surface 354. A passage 356 centrally extends through base 344 from top surface 352 to bottom surface 354. A side channel 358 extends through side surfaces 350 and 351 adjacent to bottom surface 354 so as to intersect with passage 356. Side channel 358 is configured so that when spindle 126 is received within passage 356, arms 130 are received within side channel 358 so that hub 342 is interlocked with brush head 14. Wear plate 341 also has tabs projecting from the side thereof which are received within side channel 358 of hub 342 so that wear plate 341 is secured to hub 342. In one embodiment where bushing 340 is metal and spindle 126 is plastic, wear plate 341 prevents bushing 340 from producing undue wear on spindle 126. Projecting from back face 348 of base 344 is a guide 360. Guide 360 comprises a first side wall 362, a complementary spaced apart second side wall 364, and a back wall 366 extending therebetween. Guide 360 partially bounds a channel 368 that is vertically aligned with passage 356. Channel 368 is bounded by a first engagement surface 370, a spaced apart second engagement surface 372, and an inside face 374 extending therebetween. Engagement surfaces 370 and 372 are opposingly facing, are substantially flat, and are in substantially parallel alignment. The distance between engagement surfaces 370 and 372 of hub 342 is substantially equal to the diameter of rounded head 116. Comparable to the embodiment depicted in Figure 10 and as illustrated in Figure 13, rounded head 116 is received within channel 368. As rounded head 116 is continuously rotated about the rotational axis of drive shaft 320 due to the rotation of drive shaft 254, rounded head 116 alternatingly pushes against opposing engagement surfaces 370 and 372 so as to cause hub 342, brush head 14, and brush 16 to reciprocate in a rotational pattern about the rotation axis extending through spindle 126. As with cleaning apparatus 4, in cleaning apparatus 200 the rotational axis of drive shaft 320 intersects with the rotational axis of brush head 14 so as to form an inside angle θ that is typically greater than 95° and is more commonly in a range between about 110° to about 140°. As rounded head 116 travels in its circular pattern, rounded head 116 travels longitudinally along the length of side walls 362 and 364. Because of the above discussed angular orientation of brush head 14, rounded head 116 is disposed farther away from the rotational axis of brush head 14 when rounded head 166 is disposed at the bottom of side walls 362 and 364 and is closer to the rotational axis of brush head 14 when rounded head 166 is disposed at the top of side walls 362 and 364. Accordingly, to ensure that rounded head 166 is retained within channel 368 during its circular movement, side walls 362 and 364 are wider at the bottom than at the top. In one embodiment rounded head 116 has a substantially spherical configuration. This design has a number of benefits. For example, in part because of the above discussed angular orientation of brush head 14, rounded head 116 contacts engagement surfaces 370 and 372 along a number of different points on rounded head 116 that are longitudinally spaced proximal to distal and top to bottom. By making rounded head 116 spherical, this helps to ensure continued minimal contact between rounded head 116 and engagement surfaces 370 and 372 so as to minimize wear. Furthermore, due to tolerances in mounting brush head 14, on occasion as brush 16 is biased against a surface for cleaning, brush head 14 will tilt slightly causing the distal end of rounded head 116 to bias against inside face 374 of hub 342 (Figure 15). This contact between rounded head 116 and inside face 374 helps to stabilize and reinforce brush head 14. By making rounded head 116 spherical, the contact surface between rounded head 116 and inside face 374 is minimized. It is also noted that both of side walls 362 and 364 terminate at an outside edge 376. These outside edges 376 are designed so that they can bias against distal end face 334 of disk 330 as brush head 14 is tilted during use so as to also help stabilize and reinforce brush head 14. In the forgoing embodiment, bush 16 has a fixed orientation relative to body assembly 204. In one alternative embodiment depicted in Figure 16, a cleaning apparatus 386 is provided having a head assembly 388 wherein brush 16 can be pivoted along arrow 390 so as to selectively adjust the orientation of brash 16 relative body assembly 204. Like elements between head assembly 202 and head assembly 388 are identified by like reference characters. Head assembly 388 comprises a proximal head housing 392, a distal head housing 394, and a hinge 396 pivotally connecting housing 392 and 394 together. As depicted in Figure 17, proximal housing 392 has a distal end 398. An opening 399 is formed at distal end 398 through which drive shaft 320 extends (Figure 18A). Hinge 396 comprises a pair of rounded prongs 400A and 400B projecting on each side of opening 399. Hinge 396 comprises two identical halves with the components for the two halves identified by the suffixes A and B. Only one of the halves will be described in detail herein with the understanding that the other half is identical thereto. Projecting from an outside face of prong 400A is a circular ring 402A. A pair of opposing notches 404 A are formed on ring 402A. Hinge 396 also comprises a pair of rounded arms 406A and 406B projecting from a proximal end of distal head housing 394. Arm 406A has an inside face 410A to an outside face 412A. A substantially circular recessed pocket 414A is formed on inside face 410A. Pocket 414A has a plurality of rounded notches 416A formed on the perimeter edge of pocket 414A on opposing sides thereof. Each notch 416A is separated by a ridge 417A. A circular recess 408A is formed on the floor of pocket 414A and is sized to receive ring 402 A. A spring 418 A is provided and is comprised of a resilient flexible material such as metal commonly used in springs. Spring 418A comprises a ring body 420A having an exterior surface 422A and an interior surface 424A. A pair of rounded tabs 426 A project from exterior surface 422 A on opposing sides of ring body 420 A. Likewise, a pair of rectangular tabs 428A project from interior surface 424A on opposing sides of ring body 420A. During assembly, tabs 428A of spring 418A are received within corresponding notches 404A on prong 400A so that spring 418A is secured to prong 400A. Next, arm 406A is positioned so that spring 418A is received within pocket 414A and ring 402A is received within recess 408A. Tabs 426A are received within corresponding notches 416A so that arm 406A is fixed relative to prong 400A. When it is desired to change the orientation of brush 16, a force is applied to distal head assembly 394 along arrow 390 (Figure 16). The force causes spring 418A to rotate within pocket 414A. Specifically, spring 418A deflects as tabs 426A pass over ridges 417A and then resiliently rebounds as tabs 426A pass into the adjacent notches 416A. In part, the resistance of the movement of distal head assembly 394 is based on the stiffness of springs 418A and 418B. As depicted in Figures 18A and 18B, as a result of hinge 396, brush head 14 can now rotate over an angle of 90°. For example, the angle θ previously discussed can be selectively adjusted from about 90° to about 180°. As also depicted in Figures 18A and 18B, the internal components of head assembly 388 are substantially the same as the internal components of head assembly 202. The shape of hub 342, however, has been modified slightly so that rounded head 116 is retained between sidewalls 362 and 364 as head 116 moves in the circular pattern, independent of the orientation of brush head 14. It is also noted from Figure 16, that brush 16 has a larger diameter than prior depicted brushes 16 and that some bristles 182 are longer than others. It is appreciated that the present invention can comprise a kit having a single body assembly and a plurality of different head assemblies which can be selectively secured to the body assembly. Each head assembly can have a brush having a different size, configuration, and/or physical properties, such as stiffness of bristles. For example, depicted in Figure 19 is a brush 16 having a conical tip 434 for better reaching and scrubbing the inside of comers. In the above discussed embodiments, the head assemblies are designed so that the brushes rotate in a reciprocating manner. In alternative embodiments, the head assembly can be designed so that the brush rotates in a continuous circular manner. For example, depicted in Figure 20 A is a head assembly 436. Like elements between head assembly 436 and head assembly 388 are identified by like reference characters. Head assembly 436 comprises proximal head housing 392, distal head housing 394 and hinge 396. A brush head 438 has a first side with brush 16 projecting therefrom and an opposing second side with a spindle 440 projecting therefrom. Spindle 440 is coupled with a universal joint 441. A drive shaft 442 is disposed within proximal housing 392. Drive shaft 442 has coupler 326 mounted on a proximal end thereof and universal joint 441 mounted on a distal end thereof. Depicted in Figures 21A and 21B, universal joint 441 comprises a cup 444 and a ball 446. Spindle 440 projects from one side of cup 444 while a rounded socket 448 is formed on the opposing side of cup 444. Socket 448 is bounded by an interior surface 450 from which a pair of opposingly, spaced apart, rounded projections 452 extend adjacent to the mouth of socket 448. Ball 446 is rounded and is adapted to fit within socket 448. An elongated, rounded slot 454 is recessed on each opposing side of ball 446. Slots 454 are configured so that when ball 446 is received within socket 448, projections 452 are received within corresponding slots 454. In one embodiment, slots 454 can be combined to form one long slot. In this assembled configuration, continuous rotation of drive shaft 442 causes rotation of ball 446, which, due to the engagement between projections 452 and slots 454, causes continuous rotation of cup 444, spindle 440, brush head 438 and brush 16. Furthermore, because slots 454 are elongated, ball 446 can rotate within socket 448 by projections 452 sliding longitudinally within elongated slots 454. As a result, as depicted in Figures 20A and 20B, spindle 440 is free to pivot relative to drive shaft 442, thereby enabling distal head assembly 394 to pivot relative to proximal head assembly 392 as a results of hinge 396 as discussed above. Depicted in Figure 22 is an alternative embodiment of cleaning apparatus 200. In this embodiment a light source 460, such as a light emitting diode (LED) is mounted on the bottom side of body assembly 204 toward the distal end thereof. Light source 460 is oriented so as to direct light toward brush 16 so as to increase visibility of the cleaning surface during use. Leads 462 extend from light source 460 to motor 60 such that when motor 60 is energized, light source 460 is also energized. In an alternative embodiment, a second button switch can also be provided for light source 460. Depicted in Figure 21 is another alternative embodiment of cleaning apparatus 200. In this embodiment light source 460, is mounted on the bottom surface of head assembly 202 so as to direct light toward brush 16. Again, leads 462 extend between light source 460 and motor 60. In this embodiment, however, contacts 464 are formed at the connection between head assembly 202 and body assembly 204. The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from its spirit or essential characteristics. The described embodiments are to be considered in all respects only as illustrative and not restrictive. The scope of the invention is, therefore, indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description. All changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are to be embraced within their scope.

Claims

CLAIMS What is claimed is: 1. A cleaning apparatus comprising: an elongated housing bounding a chamber; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing; a drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing, the drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor the drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis of the drive shaft; a brush head having a plurality of bristles mounted thereon, the plurality of bristles forming a brush; a hub disposed on the brush head, the hub having an elongated channel bounded by an inside face and a pair of spaced apart engagement surfaces; and a spherical head disposed within the channel so as to selectively bias against the engagement surfaces, the spherical head being eccentrically disposed on the drive shaft such that the spherical head reciprocally rotates the brush head when the drive shaft is continuously rotated.
2. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, further comprising a groove formed on one of the engagement surfaces, the spherical head being at least partially received within the groove.
3. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, wherein the spherical head biases against the inside face of the channel when a force is applied to the brush head.
4. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, further comprising an enlarged disk having a first side of the disk and an opposing second side, the drive shaft being centrally mounted on the first side and the spherical head being eccentrically disposed on the second side of the disk.
5. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, wherein the hub has an outside surface that selectively biases against the second side of the disk when a force is applied to the brush head.
6. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, wherein the brush head has a rotational axis about which the brush head reciprocally rotates, the rotational axis of the brush head intersecting the rotational axis of the drive shaft so as to form an inside angle therebetween in a range between about 110° to about 140°.
7. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, further comprising: the brush head having a rotational axis about which the brush head reciprocally rotates; and the housing having a central longitudinal axis, the rotational axis of the brush head intersecting the central longitudinal axis of the housing so as to form an inside angle therebetween in a range between about 110° to about 140°.
8. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, wherein the brash is substantially cylindrical and has a maximum diameter in a range between about 1 cm to about 5 cm.
9. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the bristles has a diameter greater than 0.30 mm.
10. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 1, wherein the housing comprises a proximally disposed body housings and a distally disposed head housing, the body housing and the head housing being removably coupled together.
11. A cleaning apparatus comprising: an elongated housing bounding a chamber; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing; a drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing, the drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis of the drive shaft; a brush head having a plurality of bristles mounted thereon, the brush head having a rotational axis about which the brush head reciprocally rotates, the rotational axis of the brush head intersecting the rotational axis of the drive shaft so as to form an inside angle in a range between about 110° to about 140°; and means for reciprocally rotating the brush head about the rotational axis thereof when the drive shaft is continuously rotated about the rotational axis thereof.
12. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein the means for reciprocally rotating the brush head comprises: a hub mounted on the brush head, the hub having a pair of spaced apart engagement surfaces; and a rounded head disposed between the bearing surfaces, the rounded head being eccentrically disposed on the drive shaft such that the rounded head reciprocally rotates the brush head when the drive shaft is continuously rotated.
13. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein the rounded head is substantially spherical.
14. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein the brush head can adjustably pivot relative to the housing over an angle of at least 45°.
15. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein at least a portion of the bristles have a diameter greater than 0.40 mm.
16. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein the plurality of bristles comprise: a plurality of first bristles having an exposed length greater than 10 mm and a diameter less than 0.4 mm; and a plurality of second bristles having an exposed length less than 8 mm and a diameter greater than 0.5 mm.
17. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein the plurality of bristles form a brash, the brush having a substantially conical head.
18. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein at least a portion of the plurality of bristles are comprised of metal.
19. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 11, further comprising an activation button position on a first side of the housing, the brash head projecting form a second side of the housing that is opposite of the first side.
20. A cleaning apparatus comprising: an elongated body housing bounding a chamber; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the body housing; a first drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the body housing, the first drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the first drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis of the first drive shaft; a head housing comprising a proximal head housing and a distal head housing, the distal head housing being selectively pivotable relative to the proximal head housing over an angle of at least 45°, the head housing being removably coupled with the body housing; a brush head mounted on the distal head housing and having a plurality of bristles mounted thereon, the brush head having a rotational axis about which the brush head rotates; and a second drive shaft having a first end coupled with the first drive shaft and a second end engaged with the brush head.
21. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 20, wherein the brash head continuously or reciprocally rotates when the first drive shaft continuously rotates.
22. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 20, further comprising means for reciprocally rotating the brash head about the rotational axis thereof when the first drive shaft is continuously rotated about the rotational axis thereof.
23. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 22, wherein the means for reciprocally rotating the brash head comprises: a hub mounted on the brush head, the hub having a pair of spaced apart engagement surfaces; and a rounded head disposed between the bearing surfaces, the rounded head being eccentrically disposed on the drive shaft such that the rounded head reciprocally rotates the brash head when the drive shaft is continuously rotated.
24". The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 20, wherein the body housing and the head housing have a combined length in a range between about 20 cm to about 30 cm.
25. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 20, further comprising a universal joint disposed within the head housing, the universal joint comprising: a cup having an interior surface bounding a socket, a first projection and a spaced apart second projection each projecting from the interior surface; and a ball having a first slot formed thereon, the ball being received within the socket of the cup so that the first projection is received within first slot, the second drive shaft being coupled to one of the ball or cup.
26. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 25, further comprising a second slot formed on the ball, the second projection being received within the second slot.
27. A cleaning apparatus comprising: an elongated housing bounding a chamber, the housing having a length less than 35 cm; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing; a drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing, the drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis of the drive shaft; a brush head coupled with the drive shaft and having a plurality of bristles mounted thereon, the brush head having a rotational axis about which the brash head continuously or reciprocally rotates; and a light source mounted on the housing so as to emit light toward the brush head.
28. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 27, wherein the housing comprises a body housings in which the motor is disposed and a head housing on which the brash head is coupled, the body housing and the head housing being removably coupled together, the light source being mounted on the body housing.
29. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 27, wherein the housing comprises a body housings in which the motor is disposed and a head housing on which the brash head is coupled, the body housing and the head housing being removably coupled together, the light source being mounted on the head housing.
30. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 27, wherein the brush head reciprocally rotates when the motor is energized.
31. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 27, wherein the light source is an LED.
32. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 27, wherein the housing comprises an substantially cylindrical body having a first side and an opposing second side extending along the length thereof, the brush head and the light source each being mounted on the second side of the body at spaced apart locations.
33. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 32, further comprising an activation button position on a first side of the housing.
34. The cleaning apparatus comprising: an elongated housing bounding a chamber; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing; an electrical contact in selective electrical communication with the motor; a drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing, the drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis of the drive shaft; a brush head coupled with the drive shaft and having a plurality of bristles mounted thereon, the brush head having a rotational axis about which the brush head rotates; a button comprising a body having a top surface and an opposing bottom surface, a stem projecting from the bottom surface, the body and stem being integrally molded from a resiliently flexible material; a catch having an opening formed thereon, the catch securing the button to the housing such that button can selectively slide along the housing between a first position wherein the electrical contact is biased into electrical communication with the motor and a second position wherein the electrical contact is not in electrical communication with the motor, furthermore, the stem of the button being aligned with the opening on the catch such that when the button is depressed,, the button flexes causing the stem to bias the electrical contact into electrical communication with the motor and when the button is released, the button resiliently rebounds so that the electrical contact is not in electrical communication with the motor.
35. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 34, further comprising a retainer comprised of a material more rigid than the material from which the button is formed, the retainer having an opening formed thereon and being secured to the button so that the stem is at least partially disposed within the opening of the retainer.
36. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 35, wherein the button is molded as an overlay on the retainer, thereby securing the button to the retainer.
37. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 35, wherein the retainer is connected to the catch.
38. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 34, further comprising a flexible diaphragm mounted to housing, the diaphragm having a projection formed thereon that is disposed between the stem and the electrical contact.
39. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 34, wherein the housing comprises a main housing having an opening formed thereon and a cover plate with a slot extending therethrough, the cover plate being secured over the opening on the main housing, the button and catch each being partially disposed on opposing sides of the cover plate with the stem extending through the slot on the cover plate.
40. A cleaning system kit comprising: (i) a body assembly comprising: an elongated body housing bounding a chamber; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the body housing; and a body drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the body housing, the body drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the body drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis thereof; (ii) a first head assembly comprising: a first head housing; a first head drive shaft disposed within the first head housing; a first brush head having a plurality of bristles secured thereon, the first brush head being mounted on the first head housing and being coupled with the first head drive shaft such that continuous rotation of the first head drive shaft facilitates reciprocating rotation of the first brush head, the first head assembly being adapted to be selectively coupled with the body assembly so that the body drive shaft is coupled with the first head drive shaft; and (iii) a second head assembly comprising: a second head housing; . a second head drive shaft disposed within the second head housing; a second brush head having a plurality of bristles secured thereon, the second brash head being mounted on the second head housing and being coupled with the second head drive shaft such that continuous rotation of the second head drive shaft facilitates continuous rotation of the second brash head, the second head assembly being adapted to be selectively coupled with the body assembly so that the body drive shaft is coupled with the second head drive shaft.
41. The cleaning system kit as recited in claim 40, wherein the bristles on the first brash head have different properties than the bristles on the second brash head.
42. The cleaning system kit as recited in claim 40, wherein the bristles on the first brush head have different lengths or diameters than the bristles on the second brash head.
43. The cleaning system kit as recited in claim 40, wherein the bristles on the first brush head combine to form a first brash having a first maximum diameter and the bristles on the second brush head combine to form a second brush a second maximum diameter, the first maximum diameter being larger than the second maximum diameter.
44. A cleaning apparatus comprising: an elongated body housing bounding a chamber, the body housing having a top side and an opposing second side extending along the length thereof; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the body housing; a button mounted on the top side of the body housing such that depressing the button causes the motor to be energized; a first drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the body housing, the first drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the first drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis of the first drive shaft; a head housing being removably coupled with the body housing; a second drive shaft disposed within the head housing and being selectively coupled with the first drive shaft when the head housing is coupled with the body housing; and a brush head coupled with the second drive shaft and having a plurality of bristles mounted thereon that form a brush, the brush head having a rotational axis about which the brush head continuously or reciprocally rotates, the brash outwardly projecting from a side of the housing that is opposite of the button such that the force used to depress the button can also be used to press the brush against a surface for cleaning.
45. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 44, wherein the head housing and the body housing combine to form a single housing that is substantially linear and substantially cylindrical.
46. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 44, wherein the brush projects at an distal end of the head housing.
47. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 44, wherein the brush head has a rotational axis about which the brush head rotates, the rotational axis of the brush head intersecting the rotational axis of the second drive shaft so as to form an inside angle therebetween in a range between about 110° to about 140°.
48. A cleaning apparatus comprising: an elongated housing bounding a chamber; a motor at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing; a drive shaft at least partially disposed within the chamber of the housing, the drive shaft being coupled with the motor such that during selective operation of the motor, the drive shaft is rotated continuously about a rotational axis of the drive shaft; a brush head coupled with the drive shaft and having a rotational axis about which the brush head rotates, the brash head having a bottom face; and a plurality of tufts mounted on the brush head so as to project from the bottom face, each of the plurality of tufts being comprised of a plurality of bristles, the plurality of tufts comprising: a stopping tuft centrally mounted on the bottom face and being comprised of bristles having a first length and a first diameter; and a plurality of cleaning tufts encircling the stopping tuft, the plurality of cleaning tufts being comprised of bristles having a second length that is at least 20% longer than the first length and a second diameter that is at least 30% smaller than the first diameter.
49. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 48, wherein the bristles for the cleaning tuft have second length that is at least 30% longer than the first length.
50. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 48, wherein the bristles for the cleaning tuft have a second diameter that is at least 40% smaller than the first diameter.
51. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 48, wherein the first length is no more than 8 mm.
52. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 48, wherein the first diameter is at least 0.22 mm.
53. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 48, wherein the bristles of the stopping tuft and the cleaning tufts are each comprised of nylon.
54. The cleaning apparatus as recited in claim 48, wherein the brush head reciprocally rotates about the rotational axis of the brush head.
PCT/US2004/042819 2004-01-02 2004-12-16 Cleaning apparatus with reciprocating or rotating brush head WO2005067764A1 (en)

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US53401004 true 2004-01-02 2004-01-02
US60/534,010 2004-01-02
US29217231 USD513881S1 (en) 2004-11-15 2004-11-15 Cleaning apparatus
US29/217,231 2004-11-15
US11/014,626 2004-12-15
US11014626 US20050144744A1 (en) 2004-01-02 2004-12-15 Cleaning apparatus with reciprocating or rotating brush head

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JP2006547235A JP4709163B2 (en) 2004-01-02 2004-12-16 Cleaning implement having a brush head which reciprocates or rotates
CA 2553164 CA2553164C (en) 2004-01-02 2004-12-16 Cleaning apparatus with reciprocating or rotating brush head
CN 200480042256 CN1964646B (en) 2004-01-02 2004-12-16 Cleaning apparatus with reciprocating or rotating brush head
EP20040814951 EP1703822A4 (en) 2004-01-02 2004-12-16 Cleaning apparatus with reciprocating or rotating brush head

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CN1964646B (en) 2011-01-19 grant
US20050144744A1 (en) 2005-07-07 application
CA2553164A1 (en) 2005-07-28 application
JP2007520268A (en) 2007-07-26 application
CN1964646A (en) 2007-05-16 application
JP4709163B2 (en) 2011-06-22 grant
CA2553164C (en) 2014-02-11 grant

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