WO2002076861A1 - Pad supporting link for restraint chains, particularly for straight chamber capping machines - Google Patents

Pad supporting link for restraint chains, particularly for straight chamber capping machines Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2002076861A1
WO2002076861A1 PCT/IT2002/000188 IT0200188W WO02076861A1 WO 2002076861 A1 WO2002076861 A1 WO 2002076861A1 IT 0200188 W IT0200188 W IT 0200188W WO 02076861 A1 WO02076861 A1 WO 02076861A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pad
joint
supporting link
lock
pad supporting
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IT2002/000188
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Pietro Taragna
Federico Santini
Original Assignee
Capco Engineering S.R.L.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITRM2001A000159 priority Critical
Priority to ITRM20010159 priority patent/ITRM20010159A1/en
Application filed by Capco Engineering S.R.L. filed Critical Capco Engineering S.R.L.
Publication of WO2002076861A1 publication Critical patent/WO2002076861A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • B65G37/005Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes comprising two or more co-operating conveying elements with parallel longitudinal axes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • B65G17/38Chains or like traction elements; Connections between traction elements and load-carriers
    • B65G17/42Attaching load carriers to traction elements
    • B65G17/44Attaching load carriers to traction elements by means excluding relative movements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67CCLEANING, FILLING WITH LIQUIDS OR SEMILIQUIDS, OR EMPTYING, OF BOTTLES, JARS, CANS, CASKS, BARRELS, OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; FUNNELS
    • B67C7/00Concurrent cleaning, filling, and closing of bottles; Processes or devices for at least two of these operations
    • B67C7/0006Conveying; Synchronising
    • B67C7/0026Conveying; Synchronising the containers travelling along a linear path

Abstract

There is described a pad supporting link for restraint chains of the kind used to laterally retain items, characterised in that it comprises in combination a pad contacting wall (26) and two flanges (16), extending from said wall (26), the arrangement being such that the pad (18), intended for pressing the item to be restrained, is received and fastened by a disengageable mechanical fit into the recess delimited by said wall (26) and said flanges (16). This makes the maintenance of the restraint chains simpler and easier, and consequently cheaper, in particular as far as the straight chamber capping machines are concerned.

Description

Description

Pad supporting link for restraint chains, particularly for straight chamber capping machines

Technical Field

The present invention refers to the field of the straight chamber capping machines, designed for closing containers at high speed, and particularly relates to a pad supporting link for restraint chains, that allows a faster maintenance of the machine itself.

Background art

A straight chamber capping machine is described in US Patent 4,279,115, in which the containers move forward, as shown in detail in figure 10 thereof, carried by an endless conveyor, laterally restrained by a pair of restraint chains, provided with pads or shoes made from rubber or plastic, which press the containers sideways while they move beneath the closure means, that apply the caps. In such a manner, the swinging of the containers with respect of the conveyor belt is avoided and the operating speed of the machine can be increased.

However, the capping machines of the kind described in US Patent 4,279,115, although they have become rather common, suffer from the drawback that, when the plastic or rubber pads must be replaced because they are worn or damaged, generally speaking, the whole chain must be removed in order to proceed, at the repair shop instead of on the field, with the detachment of the worn pads and the vulcanisation of the new pads on the supporting links.

Disclosure of the invention

Accordingly, the main object of the present invention is to provide means that make the maintenance of the restraint chains simpler and easier, and consequently cheaper, in particular as far as the straight chamber capping machines are concerned.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a restraint chain comprising improved pad supporting links, having a simple and cheap structure, useful for a mass production.

According to the present invention, a pad supporting link for restraint chains is characterised in that it comprises in combination a pad contacting wall and two flanges, extending from the wall, the arrangement being such that the pad, intended for pressing the item to be restrained, is received and fastened by disengageable mechanical fit into the recess delimited by said wall and said flanges.

The main advantage obtained with the chain link according to the present invention consists in that the sworn pad can be removed from its housing without any particular tool and can be easily replaced with a new spare pad, on the machine workplace without the need of removing the whole restraint chain. Brief description of drawings

The present invention will be further clarified herein below and other advantages will be highlighted by the description of two practical embodiments of the pad supporting link for restraint chains according to the' present invention, this description being given by way of example on a purely illustrative and non-limiting basis, with reference to accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a top plan view and shows a section of a restraint chain provided with pad supporting links according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 2 is cross sectional view taken along line II - II of figure 1;

Figure 3a is a top plan view and shows a pad supporting link for restraint chains according to the present invention; Figure 3b is a cross sectional view taken along line Illb - Illb of figure 3a; Figure 3c is a plan sectional view taken along line IIIc - IIIc of figure 3b;

Figure 3d is a side elevation view of the pad supporting link of the figure 3a; Figure 4a is a top plan view and shows a pad to be inserted into the pad supporting link of figure 3a;

Figure 4b is a cross sectional view taken along line IVb - IVb of figure 4a;

Figure 4c is a side elevation view of the pad of the figure 4a;

Figure 5 is a top plan view similar to figure 1 and shows a second embodiment of a pad supporting link according to the present invention; and

Figure 6 is a cross sectional view taken along line VI - VI of figure 5.

Best mode for carrying out the invention

With reference to the enclosed drawings, first of all let us say that here the cross and longitudinal directions always refer to the container motion path on the capping machine, whereas the horizontal and vertical planes refer to the horizontal plane defined by the conveyor belt on which the containers are supported.

With reference now in particular to figure 1 of the accompanying drawings, it is seen that, according to the present invention, a restraint chain comprises a number of outer chain links 10, having pad supporting means, which alternate with a same number of inner chain links 12, the latter links being of a usual construction.

As it is better shown in figure 2, and besides, as it is usual in the field of the gearing chains, each outer link

10 is connected to the adjacent inner link 12 by a pin 14.

According to the present invention, as already stated, the outer link 10 is shaped to have pad supporting means and has two flanges 16, located at a wall 26 and cooperating with the same wall 26 to accommodate therein a pad 18 made from a yielding material, such as rubber or plastic material, possibly covered by a covering 20 made from cloth or similar, on the side designed to contact the containers, that move on the conveyor belt.

Opposed to the vulcanisation, that was usual till now in this art, according to the present invention, as better shown in figures 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d and 4a, 4b, 4c, a disengageable lock-joint is here used to carry out the connection between the pad support link 10 and pad 18 to prevent the slipping of the pad 18 relative to the pad supporting link 10, both in the longitudinal and cross directions.

Furthermore, it is to be clarified that, in the capping machines of the cited type, the restraint chains slide by resting the lower side of their outer links 10, at a frame rest surface 22, on the main frame of the machine (figure 2) . Slacking of the restraint chain in the cross direction is prevented by a longitudinal slideway 24, integral with the main frame, on which the inner links 12 rest during their motion in the longitudinal direction. In such a way, the main component of the force needed to grip the container is discharged on the longitudinal slideway 24 and then on the frame of the machine, through the coupling of the inner surface of the wall 26 of the pad supporting link 10 (figure 3b) with the outer surface 28 of pad 18 (figure 4b) .

Therefore, the disengageable joint, that couples the pad supporting link 10 and pad 18, only operates so as to avoid the longitudinal slipping that could happen owing to the motion of the container and due to cap closure operations that are carried out on the container itself inside the capping machine .

Furthermore, a joint cross component force must be present to prevent the pad 18 from fortuitously coming out of the pad supporting link 10, e.g. in the moment in which the pad 18 leaves the container after the end of closure operations.

With reference now to figures 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d and 4a, 4b, 4c, it is seen that the cross joint component, that opposes the longitudinal slipping between the pad 18 and the pad supporting link 10, consists of a pair of projections 30 on the flanges 16 of the link 10 and a corresponding pair of notches 32 on the pad 18. The longitudinal joint component, that opposes the cross slipping between the pad 18 and the pad supporting link 10, consists of a pair of projections 34 on the flanges 16 of the pad supporting link 10 and a corresponding pair of notches 36 on the pad 18. Obviously, there is no need that two separate mechanical members respectively correspond to the longitudinal and cross components of the joint: on the contrary, it suffices that the joint is of a shape such that it provides for a lock in both directions, such as a dovetail lock.

Furthermore, the longitudinal joint component could be carried out by shaping the pad supporting link like a parallelepiped, i.e. with flanges on all four sides rather than on two sides only. With reference to figures 5 and 6, in which parts similar to those described with reference to the previous figures are indicated with similar reference number provided with an apex, a second embodiment of a pad supporting link is now described, in which the pad 18' is locked by a pin 40. In order to avoid that pin 40 goes out, it is shaped so as to have a swell 42, which is inserted by interference fit into a hole performed into the pad 18', bringing the pad 18' into interference contact with the wall 26'. Obviously, it is also possible to use a cylindrical pin, in which case however a retainer must be applied in order to avoid any unexpected withdrawal .

Likewise, other locking means are useful for fastening the pad to the pad supporting link: it is only needed that the pad is locked in a mechanically disengageable way, instead of being fastened to the link by vulcanisation or gluing, as it as the case before, according the known art.

However, the first embodiment, shown in figures 1 to 4, is at present the preferred one, because of the realization simplicity of the mechanical members that comprise it.

Although reference has been made throughout the entire description to straight line capping machines, however it will be evident to the skilled in the art that a pad supporting link according to the present invention can be used in many other technical fields.

Obviously, other numerous and different variations and modifications may be made by the skilled in the art to the practical embodiments of the present invention herein described, without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims

Claims
1. Pad supporting link for restraint chains of the kind used to laterally retain items, which link is characterised in that it comprises in combination a pad contacting wall (26) and two flanges (16), extending from said wall (26), the arrangement being such that the pad (18) , intended for pressing the item to be restrained, is received and fastened by a disengageable mechanical fit into the recess delimited by said wall (26) and said flanges (16) .
2. Pad supporting link according to claim 1, characterised in that said disengageable mechanical fit comprises lock-joint means designed to fasten said pad (18) to said pad supporting link (10) .
3. Pad supporting link according to claim 1, characterised in that said disengageable mechanical fit comprises pin means designed to fasten said pad (18') to said pad supporting link (10').
4. Pad supporting link according to claim 3, characterised in that said pin means have a swell (42) , which is inserted by interference fit into a hole performed into the pad (18' ) .
5. Pad supporting link according to claim 2, characterised in that at least one of said flanges (16) is provided with a first lock-joint member, a second lock-joint member, complementary to said first lock-joint member and cooperating with it, being provided on the surface of said pad (18) designed to come into contact with said flange (16) .
6. Pad supporting link according to claim 5, characterised in that both said first lock-joint member and said second lock-joint member have a longitudinal joint component and a cross joint component.
7. Pad supporting link according to claim 2, characterised in that at least one of said flanges (16) is provided with a first lock-joint member (30) and a second lock-joint member (34) , having a longitudinal joint component and a cross joint component respectively, a third lock-joint member (32) , complementary to said first lock-joint member (30) and cooperating with it, and a fourth lock-joint member (36) , complementary to said second lock-joint member (34) and cooperating with it, being provided on the surface of said pad (18) designed to come into contact with said flange (16) .
8. Restraint chain characterised in that it comprises at least one pad supporting link as claimed in any one of the preceding claims.
9. Straight chamber capping machine characterised in that it comprises at least one restraint chain as claimed in claim 8.
PCT/IT2002/000188 2001-03-26 2002-03-25 Pad supporting link for restraint chains, particularly for straight chamber capping machines WO2002076861A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITRM2001A000159 2001-03-26
ITRM20010159 ITRM20010159A1 (en) 2001-03-26 2001-03-26 jersey shoe-holder for retaining chains, particularly for straight chamber capping machines.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2002076861A1 true WO2002076861A1 (en) 2002-10-03

Family

ID=11455377

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IT2002/000188 WO2002076861A1 (en) 2001-03-26 2002-03-25 Pad supporting link for restraint chains, particularly for straight chamber capping machines

Country Status (2)

Country Link
IT (1) ITRM20010159A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2002076861A1 (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE614200C (en) * 1935-06-04 Krupp Fried Grusonwerk Ag Foerderkette for cable pulling devices
US3945547A (en) * 1970-04-03 1976-03-23 Wean United Inc. Tractive apparatus
US4159056A (en) * 1977-04-12 1979-06-26 Ex-Cell-O Corporation Conveyor means for packaging machines
US4279115A (en) 1979-03-12 1981-07-21 Anchor Hocking Corporation High speed straight line container sealing machine
US4908992A (en) * 1987-07-15 1990-03-20 A.D.A. S.a.s. di Gariglio Claudio & C. Chamfering machine, particularly for sheets of glass
US5219065A (en) * 1984-05-25 1993-06-15 Rexnord Corporation Chain link for a product capturing chain
DE29709388U1 (en) * 1997-05-28 1997-07-24 Brehmer Buchbindereimaschinen Conveyor chain for the transport of sheet material

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE614200C (en) * 1935-06-04 Krupp Fried Grusonwerk Ag Foerderkette for cable pulling devices
US3945547A (en) * 1970-04-03 1976-03-23 Wean United Inc. Tractive apparatus
US4159056A (en) * 1977-04-12 1979-06-26 Ex-Cell-O Corporation Conveyor means for packaging machines
US4279115A (en) 1979-03-12 1981-07-21 Anchor Hocking Corporation High speed straight line container sealing machine
US5219065A (en) * 1984-05-25 1993-06-15 Rexnord Corporation Chain link for a product capturing chain
US4908992A (en) * 1987-07-15 1990-03-20 A.D.A. S.a.s. di Gariglio Claudio & C. Chamfering machine, particularly for sheets of glass
DE29709388U1 (en) * 1997-05-28 1997-07-24 Brehmer Buchbindereimaschinen Conveyor chain for the transport of sheet material

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ITRM20010159D0 (en) 2001-03-26
ITRM20010159A1 (en) 2002-09-26

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