WO2001016641A1 - Rotationally stabilized contact lenses - Google Patents

Rotationally stabilized contact lenses Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2001016641A1
WO2001016641A1 PCT/US2000/023424 US0023424W WO0116641A1 WO 2001016641 A1 WO2001016641 A1 WO 2001016641A1 US 0023424 W US0023424 W US 0023424W WO 0116641 A1 WO0116641 A1 WO 0116641A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
lens
surface
stabilization zone
functions
coaxial stabilization
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2000/023424
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jeffrey H. Roffman
Brett A. Davis
Michael J. Collins
Alex T. Washington
Steven Newman
Original Assignee
Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US38732199A priority Critical
Priority to US09/387,321 priority
Application filed by Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. filed Critical Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
Publication of WO2001016641A1 publication Critical patent/WO2001016641A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C7/00Optical parts
    • G02C7/02Lenses; Lens systems ; Methods of designing lenses
    • G02C7/024Methods of designing ophthalmic lenses
    • G02C7/028Special mathematical design techniques
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C7/00Optical parts
    • G02C7/02Lenses; Lens systems ; Methods of designing lenses
    • G02C7/04Contact lenses for the eyes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C7/00Optical parts
    • G02C7/02Lenses; Lens systems ; Methods of designing lenses
    • G02C7/04Contact lenses for the eyes
    • G02C7/048Means for stabilising the orientation of lenses in the eye

Abstract

The invention provides contact lenses that incorporate a coaxial stabilization zone to stabilize the orientation of the lens in relation to the eye.

Description

ROTATIONALLY STABILIZED CONTACT LENSES

Field of the Invention

The invention relates to contact lenses In particular, the invention provides contact lenses that incorporate a coaxial stabilization zone to stabilize the orientation of the lens in relation to the eye

Background of the Invention

It is known that the correction of certain optical defects can be accomplished by imparting non-spherical corrective characteristics into a contact lens, such as cylindrical, bifocal, or multifocal characteristics Additionally, advances in technology permit production of lenses customized to a particular wearer using topographic and wave front measurements. The use of customized contact lenses or lenses with certain corrective characteristics may be problematic in that the lens may need to be maintained at a specific orientation while on the eye to be effective However, the lenses will rotate on the eye due to blinking as well as eyelid and tear fluid movement.

Lenses designed to maintain their on-eye orientation typically are of two general types One type uses prism stabilization, or thickening of certain lens portions, to maintain orientation Examples of prism stabilization methods include decentering the front relative to the back lens surface, prismatic balancing, thickening of the lower lens edge, supporting the lens on the lower eyelid, forming depressions or elevations on the lens' surface, and truncating the lens edge

A second lens type, dynamically stabilized lenses, uses the movement of the eyelids to maintain lens orientation Dynamic stabilization methods include reducing the thickness of the lens' outer surface at two symmetrically lying regions, thickening two outer regions in the horizontal center axis, and thinning, or slabbing off, top and bottom zones on the lens The known methods for maintaining lens orientation suffer from a number of disadvantages including that lenses incorporating the methods require specialized, off-axis tooling for production, that these lenses are uncomfortable to wear, and that the known methods are not highly effective Thus, a need exists for a method of maintaining angular orientation that overcomes some of these disadvantages

Brief Description of the Drawings FIG 1 illustrates a plan view of the convex surface of a number of embodiments of the lenses of the invention

Detailed Description of the Invention and Preferred Embodiments It is a discovery of the invention that rotationally stabilized contact lens may be obtained by incorporating a coaxial stabilization zone into a lens The invention provides an effective method, and lenses incorporating that method, for on-eye lens stabilization Additionally, the lenses may be produced using a computer numerically controlled coding without the need for specialized, off-axis tooling

In one embodiment, the invention provides a method for producing contact lenses comprising, consisting essentially of, and consisting of a ) defining a coaxial stabilization zone for at least one surface of a contact lens, b ) determining parameters for at least one area of thickness within the coaxial stabilization zone, and c ) calculating a surface design for the at least one surface In another embodiment, the invention provides a contact lens comprising, consisting essentially of, and consisting of at least one coaxial stabilization zone

The lenses of the invention may be either hard or soft contact lenses Preferably, the lenses are soft contact lenses The stabilization zone may be located on the convex, or front surface, the concave, or back surface, or both surfaces Preferably, the zone is on the convex surface Further, the lenses of the invention may have any of a variety of corrective optical characteristics incorporated onto either or both the convex and concave surfaces For example, the lens may have any one or more of spheric, aspheric, bifocal, multifocal, prismatic, or cylindric corrections, or combinations thereof Additionally, the surfaces may be surfaces calculated from topographic measurements, or topographically-derived surfaces, surfaces calculated from wave front measurements, and the like and combinations thereof

The invention may find its greatest utility in customized lenses or lenses in which at least one of trie corrective characteristics requires that the on-eye orientation of the lens with respect to the eye remains stable in one position In the first step of the method of the invention, the stabilization zone is defined meaning that its shape, size, and location are defined Any shape may be used for the coaxial stabilization zone including, without limitation, a shape that is circular, ovoid, rhomboid, triangular, and the like Referring to FIG 1, a number of the wide variety of possible shapes are shown.

Preferably, the stabilization zone will assume a substantially circular shape The location of the zone on the lens typically extends from a point outside of the optic zone to a point inside of the lens edge Preferably, the zone extends from about 0 mm outside of the optic zone to about 1 mm inside of the lens edge, more preferably from about 1 mm outside of the optic zone to about 1 mm inside of the lens edge

In a second step, the number of areas of thickness, and the parameters for each area, within the coaxial zone are determined More specifically, the location and contour of the thickness areas are determined The thickness areas may be located at any axis However, if the lens is a toric lens, or a lens with cylinder power, preferably a single thickness area will be located at or near the about 270° axis or two thickness areas will be located at about the 0 and 180° axes For customized wave-front or topography lenses, preferably one thickened area will be used, the area located at or near the about 270° axis If more than one area of thickness are used, the thickness areas each may be about the same radial distance from the lens' center or this distance may vary

To determine the contour of the thickened area, any periodic function may be used that provides the desired contour Typically, the contour will be either a single or double peak Suitable periodic functions include, without limitation, linear functions and their derivatives, sine or cosine functions and their derivatives, exponential functions, Gaussian functions, conic functions such as circles, ellipses, parabolas, hyperbolas, and the like, cycloid functions, splines, polynomial functions of any order, filter functions, notch functions, bandpass filter functions, Witch of Agnesi functions, hyperbolic trigonometric functions, catenary functions, and the like, and combinations thereof Preferably, a linear function to exponential values, a sine or cosine phase shifted exponential function, a Gaussian function, or an Agnesi function is used The maximum thickness of the thickened areas may be about 100 to about 300, preferably about 100 to about 175 μm

The lenses of the invention may be produced by any conventional method for producing contact lenses For example, the lens design may be cut into a metal and the metal used to produce plastic mold inserts for the lens' surfaces A suitable liquid resin is then placed between the inserts, the inserts compressed, and the resin cured to form the lens Alternatively, the lens of the invention may be produced by cutting the lens on a lathe One ordinarily skilled in the art will recognize that an advantage of the invention is that the lenses may be produced by the use of on-axis CNC lathing of the lenses or mold tools to produce the lenses Preferably, the material selected for forming the lenses of the invention is a material suitable for forming soft contact lenses. Suitable materials for forming such contact lenses using the method of the invention include, without limitation, silicone elastomers, silicone-containing macromers including, without limitation, those disclosed in United States Patent Nos. 5,371, 147, 5,314,960, and 5,057,578 incorporated in their entireties herein by reference, hydrogels, silicone-containing hydrogels, and the like and combinations thereof. More preferably, the surface is a siloxane, or contains a siloxane functionality, including, without limitation, polydimethyl siloxane macromers, methacryloxypropyl polyalkyl siloxanes, and mixtures thereof, silicone hydrogel or a hydrogel, such as etafilcon A.

Claims

What is claimed is
1 A contact lens comprising a convex surface, a concave surface, and at least one coaxial stabilization zone
2 The lens of claim 1, wherein the at least one coaxial stabilization zone is on the convex surface, the concave surface, or both surfaces
3 The lens of claim 1, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone is on the convex surface
4 The lens of claim 1, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone is substantially circular in shape
5. The lens of claim 1, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone extends from about 0 mm outside of the optic zone to about 1 mm inside of the lens edge
6 The lens of claim 1. wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from topographic measurements, wavefront measurements, or combinations thereof
7 The lens of claim 1, wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from topographic measurements
8 The lens of claim 1, wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from wavefront measurements
9 The lens of claim 6, 7, or 8, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone comprises a single thickened area at about the 270° axis 10 The lens of claim 9, wherein the thickened area is of a thickness of about 100 to about 300 μ
11 A contact lens comprising a convex surface, a concave surface, and at least one coaxial stabilization zone located on one or both of the convex and concave surfaces, wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from topographic measurements, wavefront measurements, or combinations thereof
12 The lens of claim 11, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone is on the convex surface
13 The lens of claim 1 1, wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from topographic measurements
14 The lens of claim 1 1, wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from wavefront measurements.
15 The lens of claim 1 1. 13, or 14, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone comprises a single thickened area at about the 270° axis
16 The lens of claim 1 1, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone is substantially circular in shape
17 The lens of claim 11, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone extends from about 0 mm outside of the optic zone to about 1 mm inside of the lens edge
18 A contact lens comprising a convex surface, a concave surface, and at least one coaxial stabilization zone located on the convex surface and extending from about 0 mm outside of the optic zone to about 1 mm inside of the lens edge, wherein the convex surface is a surface calculated from topographic measurements, wavefront measurements, or combinations thereof
19 The lens of claim 18, wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from topographic measurements
20 The lens of claim 1 1, wherein the surface on which the coaxial stabilization zone is located is a surface calculated from wavefront measurements
21 The lens of claim 18, 19, or 20, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone comprises a single thickened area at about the 270° axis
22 The lens of claim 1 1, wherein the coaxial stabilization zone is substantially circular.
23 A method for producing contact lenses comprising the steps of a ) defining a coaxial stabilization zone for at least one surface of a contact lens, b ) determining parameters for at least one area of thickness within the coaxial stabilization zone, and c ) calculating a surface design for the at least one surface
24 The method of claim 23, wherein step b ) comprises determining a contour for the at least one coaxial stabilization zone using a function selected from the group consisting of linear functions and their derivatives, sine or cosine functions and their derivatives, exponential functions, Gaussian functions, conic functions such as circles, ellipses, parabolas, hyperbolas, and the like, cycloid functions, splines, polynomial functions of any order, filter functions, notch functions, bandpass filter functions, Witch of Agnesi functions, hyperbolic trigonometric functions, catenary functions, and the like, and combinations thereof 25. The method of claim 24, wherein the function is one of linear function to exponential values, sine or cosine phase shifted exponential functions, Gaussian functions, or Witch of Agnesi functions.
PCT/US2000/023424 1999-08-31 2000-08-25 Rotationally stabilized contact lenses WO2001016641A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US38732199A true 1999-08-31 1999-08-31
US09/387,321 1999-08-31

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU68013/00A AU6801300A (en) 1999-08-31 2000-08-25 Rotationally stabilized contact lenses

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001016641A1 true WO2001016641A1 (en) 2001-03-08

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AR (1) AR028859A1 (en)
AU (1) AU6801300A (en)
WO (1) WO2001016641A1 (en)

Cited By (54)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004010204A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2004-01-29 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Rotationally stabilized contact lenses
US6939005B2 (en) 2003-08-20 2005-09-06 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care Inc. Rotationally stabilized contact lenses
US7036930B2 (en) 2003-10-27 2006-05-02 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Methods for reducing corneal staining in contact lens wearers
US7133174B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2006-11-07 Coopervision, Inc. Contact lens having a uniform horizontal thickness profile
US7201480B2 (en) 2004-05-20 2007-04-10 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Methods for rotationally stabilizing contact lenses
US8857981B2 (en) 2012-07-26 2014-10-14 Google Inc. Facilitation of contact lenses with capacitive sensors
US8870370B1 (en) 2012-09-24 2014-10-28 Google Inc. Contact lens that facilitates antenna communication via sensor impedance modulation
US8874182B2 (en) 2013-01-15 2014-10-28 Google Inc. Encapsulated electronics
US8880139B1 (en) 2013-06-17 2014-11-04 Google Inc. Symmetrically arranged sensor electrodes in an ophthalmic electrochemical sensor
US8909311B2 (en) 2012-08-21 2014-12-09 Google Inc. Contact lens with integrated pulse oximeter
US8919953B1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-12-30 Google Inc. Actuatable contact lenses
US8926809B2 (en) 2013-01-25 2015-01-06 Google Inc. Standby biasing of electrochemical sensor to reduce sensor stabilization time during measurement
US8950068B2 (en) 2013-03-26 2015-02-10 Google Inc. Systems and methods for encapsulating electronics in a mountable device
US8960898B1 (en) 2012-09-24 2015-02-24 Google Inc. Contact lens that restricts incoming light to the eye
US8960899B2 (en) 2012-09-26 2015-02-24 Google Inc. Assembling thin silicon chips on a contact lens
US8965478B2 (en) 2012-10-12 2015-02-24 Google Inc. Microelectrodes in an ophthalmic electrochemical sensor
US8979271B2 (en) 2012-09-25 2015-03-17 Google Inc. Facilitation of temperature compensation for contact lens sensors and temperature sensing
US8989834B2 (en) 2012-09-25 2015-03-24 Google Inc. Wearable device
US8985763B1 (en) 2012-09-26 2015-03-24 Google Inc. Contact lens having an uneven embedded substrate and method of manufacture
US9009958B2 (en) 2013-03-27 2015-04-21 Google Inc. Systems and methods for encapsulating electronics in a mountable device
US9028772B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2015-05-12 Google Inc. Methods for forming a channel through a polymer layer using one or more photoresist layers
US9047512B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2015-06-02 Google Inc. Contact lenses
US9063351B1 (en) 2012-09-28 2015-06-23 Google Inc. Input detection system
US9111473B1 (en) 2012-08-24 2015-08-18 Google Inc. Input system
US9132005B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2015-09-15 BeautiEyes, LLC Eye aperture enhancing prosthesis and method
US9158133B1 (en) 2012-07-26 2015-10-13 Google Inc. Contact lens employing optical signals for power and/or communication
US9176332B1 (en) 2012-10-24 2015-11-03 Google Inc. Contact lens and method of manufacture to improve sensor sensitivity
US9184698B1 (en) 2014-03-11 2015-11-10 Google Inc. Reference frequency from ambient light signal
US9289954B2 (en) 2013-01-17 2016-03-22 Verily Life Sciences Llc Method of ring-shaped structure placement in an eye-mountable device
US9298020B1 (en) 2012-07-26 2016-03-29 Verily Life Sciences Llc Input system
US9307901B1 (en) 2013-06-28 2016-04-12 Verily Life Sciences Llc Methods for leaving a channel in a polymer layer using a cross-linked polymer plug
US9320460B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2016-04-26 Verily Life Sciences Llc In-situ tear sample collection and testing using a contact lens
US9326710B1 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-05-03 Verily Life Sciences Llc Contact lenses having sensors with adjustable sensitivity
US9332935B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2016-05-10 Verily Life Sciences Llc Device having embedded antenna
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US9398868B1 (en) 2012-09-11 2016-07-26 Verily Life Sciences Llc Cancellation of a baseline current signal via current subtraction within a linear relaxation oscillator-based current-to-frequency converter circuit
US9414906B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2016-08-16 BeautiEyes, LLC Eye aperture enhancing prosthesis and method
AU2015201838B2 (en) * 2009-12-17 2016-10-06 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Method for stabilizing contact lenses
US9492118B1 (en) 2013-06-28 2016-11-15 Life Sciences Llc Pre-treatment process for electrochemical amperometric sensor
US9523865B2 (en) 2012-07-26 2016-12-20 Verily Life Sciences Llc Contact lenses with hybrid power sources
US9572522B2 (en) 2013-12-20 2017-02-21 Verily Life Sciences Llc Tear fluid conductivity sensor
US9636016B1 (en) 2013-01-25 2017-05-02 Verily Life Sciences Llc Eye-mountable devices and methods for accurately placing a flexible ring containing electronics in eye-mountable devices
US9654674B1 (en) 2013-12-20 2017-05-16 Verily Life Sciences Llc Image sensor with a plurality of light channels
US9685689B1 (en) 2013-06-27 2017-06-20 Verily Life Sciences Llc Fabrication methods for bio-compatible devices
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US9789655B1 (en) 2014-03-14 2017-10-17 Verily Life Sciences Llc Methods for mold release of body-mountable devices including microelectronics
US9791716B2 (en) 2009-12-17 2017-10-17 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Method for stabilizing contact lenses
US9814387B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2017-11-14 Verily Life Sciences, LLC Device identification
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US9948895B1 (en) 2013-06-18 2018-04-17 Verily Life Sciences Llc Fully integrated pinhole camera for eye-mountable imaging system
US9965583B2 (en) 2012-09-25 2018-05-08 Verily Life Sciences, LLC Information processing method
US9995947B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2018-06-12 BeautiEyes, LLC Prosthesis and method for widening the palpebral fissure of an individual's eye
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Cited By (73)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7133174B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2006-11-07 Coopervision, Inc. Contact lens having a uniform horizontal thickness profile
US7134753B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2006-11-14 Coopervision, Inc. Contact lens having a uniform horizontal thickness profile
WO2004010204A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2004-01-29 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Rotationally stabilized contact lenses
US6939005B2 (en) 2003-08-20 2005-09-06 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care Inc. Rotationally stabilized contact lenses
US7036930B2 (en) 2003-10-27 2006-05-02 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Methods for reducing corneal staining in contact lens wearers
US7201480B2 (en) 2004-05-20 2007-04-10 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Methods for rotationally stabilizing contact lenses
AU2015201838B2 (en) * 2009-12-17 2016-10-06 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Method for stabilizing contact lenses
US9791716B2 (en) 2009-12-17 2017-10-17 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc. Method for stabilizing contact lenses
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US9523865B2 (en) 2012-07-26 2016-12-20 Verily Life Sciences Llc Contact lenses with hybrid power sources
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US8857981B2 (en) 2012-07-26 2014-10-14 Google Inc. Facilitation of contact lenses with capacitive sensors
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US8909311B2 (en) 2012-08-21 2014-12-09 Google Inc. Contact lens with integrated pulse oximeter
US8971978B2 (en) 2012-08-21 2015-03-03 Google Inc. Contact lens with integrated pulse oximeter
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