WO2000006077A2 - Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot - Google Patents

Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2000006077A2
WO2000006077A2 PCT/IL1999/000419 IL9900419W WO0006077A2 WO 2000006077 A2 WO2000006077 A2 WO 2000006077A2 IL 9900419 W IL9900419 W IL 9900419W WO 0006077 A2 WO0006077 A2 WO 0006077A2
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
foot
platform
subject
device according
inflatable bladder
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IL1999/000419
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2000006077A3 (en
Inventor
Dan Manor
Roni Bibi
Eli Levy
Ascher Shmulewitz
Original Assignee
Medical Dynamics Usa, Llc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to PCT/IL1998/000352 priority Critical patent/WO1999006004A1/en
Priority to ILPCT/IL98/00352 priority
Priority to IL12646298A priority patent/IL126462D0/en
Priority to IL126462 priority
Priority to IL12832899A priority patent/IL128328D0/en
Priority to IL128328 priority
Priority to IL13000099A priority patent/IL130000D0/en
Priority to IL130000 priority
Application filed by Medical Dynamics Usa, Llc. filed Critical Medical Dynamics Usa, Llc.
Priority claimed from JP2000561934A external-priority patent/JP2002521137A/en
Priority claimed from IL14104099A external-priority patent/IL141040D0/en
Publication of WO2000006077A2 publication Critical patent/WO2000006077A2/en
Publication of WO2000006077A3 publication Critical patent/WO2000006077A3/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H9/00Pneumatic or hydraulic massage
    • A61H9/005Pneumatic massage
    • A61H9/0078Pneumatic massage with intermittent or alternately inflated bladders or cuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • A61H1/0266Foot
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0157Constructive details portable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • A61H2201/1642Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/165Wearable interfaces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1657Movement of interface, i.e. force application means
    • A61H2201/1676Pivoting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2209/00Devices for avoiding blood stagnation, e.g. Deep Vein Thrombosis [DVT] devices

Abstract

A medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the device including a platform with at least one independently actuable inflatable bladder to solely underlie the subject's foot, an inflatable bladder converging towards a laterally extending neck portion with an aperture raised with respect to said platform on accommodation of a subject's foot inside the medical device.

Description

MEDICAL DEVICE FOR APPLYING A CYCLIC THERAPEUTIC ACTION TO A PERSON'S FOOT

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention is in the field of medical devices for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's lower limbs, and in particular to his feet.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Many subjects suffering from a number of medical conditions including inter alia peripheral arterial and venous disease, hypertension, diabetes and deep vein thrombosis are treated by way of medical devices with one or more inflatable bladders for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's lower limbs, and in particular to his feet, for urging venous blood flow from his feet and legs to his heart.

Venous blood flow can be urged by stimulation of one or both of two physiological mechanisms, namely, his calf s venous muscular pump and emptying of his foot's venous plexus. Medical devices for stimulating one or both of these mechanisms are illustrated and described inter alia in US Patent 2,531,074, US Patent 3,454,010, US Patent 3,683,897, US Patent 3,789,836, US Patent 4,003,374, US Patent 4,696,289, US Patent 4,945,905, US Patent 4,989,589, US Patent 5,117,812, US Patent 5,354.260, US Patent 5,396,896, US Patent 5,443,440, WO 88/09653, DE 30 09 408, and SU 0 1452-523.

In particular, GB 2 213 784 illustrates and describes a medical device with a platform with four staggered, non-overlapping inflatable bladders disposed therealong to solely underlie a subject's heel, his plantar arch, his metatarsals, and his toes. The inflatable bladders are each provided with a plastic tube for connecting to a pressure source. The tubes are relatively rigid and since they extend under a subject's foot they can be felt when he stands and therefore they are a cause of discomfort. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform with at least one independently actuable inflatable bladder to solely underlie the subject's foot, an inflatable bladder converging towards a laterally extending neck portion with an aperture raised with respect to said platform on accommodation of a subject's foot inside the medical device.

The medical device preferably has four inflatable bladders staggered along its platform in a non-overlapping fashion to solely underlie a foot's heel, its plantar arch, its metatarsus, and its toes, respectively, whereby a travelling compression wave can be cyclically applied to a foot's underside. The inflatable bladders are so dimensioned and the spacing apart therebetween is such that that they are substantially co-extensive with a foot's underside. In addition, the platform is preferably formed with an arched plantar arch support for permanently supporting a foot's plantar arch and an arched toe support for permanently supporting a foot's toes at their bases. Two basic embodiments of the medical device are envisaged: boot-like footwear designed to look like and be worn as conventional slippers worn in the home thereby precluding a person from having to change footwear for treatment purposes and, a normally flat, one-piece foldable wrap for more extended treatment periods, for example, when a subject is sleeping.

In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the device comprising boot-like footwear for accommodating a subject's entire foot, and at least one inflatable bladder permanently disposed in said footwear and being in fluid communication with a pressure source for selectively applying pressure to the foot's underside, characterized in that said footwear has an externally accessible connector member permanently and directly attached to an exterior surface thereof, said connector member being in permanent fluid communication with said at least one inflatable bladder and in selectively disconnectable fluid communication with said pressure source.

In accordance with a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device for effecting dorsiflexion of a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform for supporting the subject's foot, and having an inflatable bladder for cyclically elevating the foot's front portion solely relative to said platform from a normal position thereatop whereby the foot's front portion is flexed relative to the foot's remaining portion overlying said platform, said inflatable bladder having a first compartment overlying said platform and a second compartment hingedly connected to said first compartment along a trailing edge of said inflatable bladder directed towards the subject's heel and limiting means for limiting the maximum height of an edge of said second compartment remote from said trailing edge on inflation of said inflatable bladder whereby said inflatable bladder assumes an inflated triangular shaped configuration tapering towards the subject's heel.

The particular design ofthe inflatable bladder is such that it enables a relatively high maximum height for a relatively small volume as say compared with a generally isosceles shaped inflatable of comparable dimensions, thereby enabling a high cycle rate even with a relatively small compressor.

In accordance with a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device for effecting dorsiflexion of a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform for supporting the subject's foot, and having a wedge shaped support tapering towards the subject's heel for permanently supporting the foot's front portion in a flexed position relative to the foot's remaining portion overlying said platform; and an inflatable bladder mounted on said support for cyclically elevating the foot's front portion relative thereto from a normal position thereatop.

In accordance with a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform for supporting the subject's foot, and having an arched plantar arch support for permanently supporting the foot's plantar arch; and an inflatable bladder for cyclically elevating the foot's front portion relative to said platform from a normal position thereatop whereby the subject's foot effects a rocking motion about said plantar arch support acting as a fulcrum-like member.

In accordance with a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kit for installation on a wheelchair having a pair of foot supports for supporting a wheelchair bound subject's feet, the kit comprising: a rechargeable battery operated compressor; a pair of medical devices capable of being in fluid communication with said compressor and mountable on a foot support, each medical device capable of applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot; and a controller for controlling the operation of the medical devices.

By virtue of the kit of the present invention, a wheelchair bound subject can still undergo his everyday normal activities whilst receiving therapeutic treatment for poor venous blood flow by way of dorsiflexion of his feet and/or application of a travelling compressive wave to his feets' underside.

In accordance with a seventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device for effecting plantar flexion of a subject's foot, the device comprising a mounting member for mounting the medical device on the subject's leg. an elongated support member attached to said mounting member and downward depending for overlying at least a proximal portion of the foot's anterior surface, an inflatable bladder extending along the underside - 0 -

of said support member; and a resiliently flexible foot restraining member attached midway along said support member for encircling the foot's plantar arch

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In order to understand the invention and to see how it may be carried out in practice, preferred embodiments will now be described, by way of non-limiting examples only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, and in which:

Fig. 1 is a pictorial view of a medical device implemented as boot-like footwear;

Fig. 2 is a transparent pictorial view of the boot-like footwear of Figure 1 ;

Fig. 3 is a transverse cross sectional view of the footwear of Figure 1 along line III-III in Figure 1 with an inflated inflatable bladder for applying pressure to a foot's metatarsal region;

Fig. 4 is an exploded view ofthe boot-like footwear of Figure 1 ; Fig. 5 is a top view of a medical device implemented as a normally flat, one-piece, foldable wrap for accommodating a subject's foot;

Fig. 5 is a pictorial view of the foldable wrap of Figure 5 accommodating a subject's foot;

Fig. 7 is a schematic side view ofthe medical devices of Figures 1 and 5 showing modifications thereof;

Fig. 8 is a graph showing a heel-to-toe inflation sequence of the inflatable bladders ofthe medical devices of Figures 1 and 5; Fig. 9 is a pictorial view of a medical device for dorsiflexion of a subject's foot;

Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the inflatable bladder of the medical device of Figure 9; Figs. 11A and 11B are side views of the medical device of Figure 9 during operation;

Fig. 12 is a schematic side view of an alternative medical device for dorsiflexion of a subject's bare foot; Fig. 13 is a schematic side view of another alternative medical device for effecting dorsiflexion of a subject's bare foot;

Figs. 14A and 14B are schematic side views of a medical device for effecting a rocking motion of a subject's foot about aplantar arch support;

Fig. 15 is a pictorial view of a wheelchair fitted with a kit for effecting dorsiflexion of a wheelchair bound subject's feet; and

Figs. 16A and 16B are side views of a medical device for effecting plantar flexion of a subject's foot.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

With reference now to Figures 1-4, a medical device 1 is implemented as boot-like footwear 2 designed to accommodate a subject's left foot, the footwear 2 being constituted by a vamp 3 made of fabric-like sheet material and a sole 4. The vamp 3 has left and right hand vamp halves 6 and 7 stitched together along their common edges except for their uppermost front portion 8 for enabling a subject's foot to be easily inserted into the footwear 2 and withdrawn therefrom. The vamp's heel portion 9 is strengthened by way of a heel patch 11 whilst a flap 12 with Velcro-type hook fasteners 13 for mating with Velcro-type loop fasteners 14 on the right hand vamp half 7 (see Figures 3 and 4) is provided for fastening the footwear 2 on a subject's foot when accommodated therein. The flap 12 defines a generally triangular shaped pocket 16 having an aperture 17 adjacent an externally accessible connector member 18 secured to the left hand vamp half 6 towards the footwear's heel portion 9 by way of a tab 19 engaging a buckle-like member 21 provided along one side of the connector member 18 (see Figure 4). The connector member 18 is adapted for selective connection to a complementary connector member 22 in permanent fluid communication with a pressure source 23 under the control of a controller 24. The connector members 18 and 22 are of the quick release self alignment magnetically latched type and have a first pair of magnets 26A and 26B at one end thereof and a second pair of magnets 27A and 27B at the other end of thereof. The pairs of magnets 26A, 26B and 27A, 27B are polarized such that the connector member 22 can only be attached to the connector member 18 in a single pre-determined manner. The pressure source 24 has four outlet ports 28A-28D which are in fluid communication with four ports 29A-29D on the upstream side of the connector member 22 which, on connection of the connector member 22 to the connector member 18, are in turn in fluid communication with four ports 31A-31D on the downstream side of the connector member 18 which are in turn in fluid communication with four inflatable bladders 32A-32D for independently inflating and deflating the inflatable bladders 32A-32D in accordance with a pre-determined heel-to-toe or toe-to-heel sequence.

The inflatable bladders 32A-32D are adhered to the top side of a platform 33 and are staggered therealong in a non-overlapping fashion for applying pressure to the underside of a foot's toes, metatarsal region, plantar region, and heel, respectively. The inflatable bladders 32A-32D have laterally extending neck portions 34A-34D directed toward the left hand vamp half 6. The neck portions 34A-34D have apertures 35A-35D which are raised relative to the platform 33 and are connected to the four ports 31A-31D via plastic tubes 36A-36D which extend between the juncture between the left hand vamp half 6 and the sole 4, and through the pocket 16 to the connector member 18. In this manner, the tubes 36A-36D are normally concealed from view and are so disposed that their presence is not felt by a subject when walking which would otherwise cause him some discomfort. The platform 33 is interdisposed between a relatively pliable upper sole member 37 and a more rigid lower sole member 38 of an inner sole construction 39 which is in turn interdisposed between the vamp 3 and the sole 4. The upper sole member 37 is peripherally attached to the vamp 3 and the lower sole member 38 is peripherally attached to an underside of the upper sole member 37 and is initially provided with a lengthwise extending slit 39 through which the platform 33 is inserted into a receiving pocket 41 defined between the upper and lower sole members 37 and 38 (see Figure 3). The footwear 2 looks like conventional boot-like slippers except for the connector member 18 which is unobtrusively disposed on its innermost surface and can be worn instead of them. A subject can readily attach the connector member 18 to the connector member 22 by merely bringing the latter into proximity with the former whereupon the pairs of magnets 26 and 27 effect a tight sealing connection therebetween for undergoing treatment. After the treatment, the connector member 22 can be readily detached from the connector member 18 by displacing his foot away from the former.

With reference now to Figures 5 and 6, a medical device 50 is similar to the medical device 1 except that it is implemented as a normally flat, one-piece, foldable wrap 51 having a central portion 52 supporting the platform 33, left and right vamp portions 53 and 54, and a heel restraining member 56. The medical device 50 has the same platform 33 with the four inflatable bladders 32A-32D disposed thereon, the inflatable bladders 32A-32D converging towards neck portions 34A-34D with apertures 35A-35D which in this case are raised above the platform 33 when the wrap 51 is wrapped around a subject's foot to accommodate same. The apertures 35A-35D are fitted with tubes 36A-36D in fluid communication with the connector member 18 for connection to the pressure source 23. The wrap 51 is normally employed for long treatment periods, for example, when a subject is sleeping, however, by virtue of the arrangement of tubes 36A-36D, a subject having his feet accommodated in wraps 51 can stand up without feeling any discomfort.

With reference now to Figure 7, a medical device 60 is similar to the medical device 10 and differs therefrom in that its platform 33 is formed with an arched plantar arch support 61 of height hi for permanently supporting the foot's plantar arch and an arched toe arch support 62 of height h2 for permanently supporting the foot's toes at their base. The support 61 typically has a maximum height above the platform 33 of between about 0.7 cm and 1.2 cm and preferably about 1.0 cm whilst the support 62 typically has a maximum height of between about 0.3 cm and 0.7 cm and preferably 0.5 cm above the platform 33. The supports 61 and 62 provide a number of advantages including affording a more comfortable fit in a similar manner to orthopedic inner soles, facilitating the need for a smaller pressure source 23, and for enabling a more rapid attainment of a predetermined pressure in their associated inflatable bladders 32C and 32A.

With reference now to Figure 8, the chart shows a heel-to-toe sequence for inflating and deflating the inflatable bladders 32A-32D which in contradistinction to the conventional distal to proximal direction of a travelling compression wave for effecting venous blood return. The heel-to-toe sequence in effect mimics a subject's walking for naturally stimulating his calf s venous muscular pump and his foot's venous plexus.

With reference now to Figures 9-11, a medical device 70 for effecting dorsiflexion of a subject's foot includes a platform 71 with a heel support 72, a foot strap 73 and an inflatable bladder 74. The inflatable bladder 74 is disposed at one end of the platform 71 for solely underlying a foot's front portion, and is connected to a pressure source 76 under the control of a controller 77 for cyclically inflating it from a generally flat configuration (see Figure 11 A) to a wedge shaped configuration (see Figure 11B) tapering toward the platform's other end. . .

The inflatable bladder 74 includes a three section cover 78 having sections 78A, 78B and 78C. the former two being formed as a pouch 79 for receiving a generally square single inflatable cell 81 whilst the latter one is a restraining member for limiting the maximum height of the inflated wedge 5 shape. The inflatable cell 81 is divided into two equal sized compartments 81 A and 8 IB by two seams 82 A and 82B lateral of a central portion 83 enabling fluid communication between the compartments 81 A and 8 IB. Each compartment 81 A and 8 IB has a rigid member 84 lying thereatop, and the compartment 8 IB is provided with an inlet port 86 which also serves to l o inflate the other compartment 81 A.

With reference now to Figure 12, a medical device 90 is similar to the medical device 70 and also includes the arched plantar arch support 61 for effecting a cyclic dorsiflexion of a subject's foot combined with a rocking motion about the plantar arch support 61.

15 With reference now to Figure 13, a medical device 100 is similar to medical device 90 and also includes a wedge shaped support 101 tapering towards a foot's heel for permanently supporting a foot's front portion in a flexed position relative to the foot's remaining portion overlying the platform 72, thereby facilitating better dorsiflexion which occurs with a more flexed 0 position of a foot's front portion. The support 101 subtends an included angle α of about 30° relative to the platform 72, and has a simple inflatable member 102 disposed thereon for effecting cyclic dorsiflexion of the subject's foot combined with a rocking motion about the plantar arch support 61.

With reference now to Figures 14A and 14B, a medical device 110 has 5 a platform 111 with an arched plantar arch support 112 and a pair of inflatable bladders 113 and 114 disposed lateral thereto and in fluid communication with a pressure source 116 under the control of a controller 117 for effecting a rocking motion of a subject's foot about the plantar arch support 112 by way of the cyclic alternate actuation of the inlation bladders 113 and 114 for respectively elevating the foot's heel relative to the platform 111 whilst the foot's front portion is thereatop and elevating the foot's front portion relative to the platform 111 whilst the foot's heel is thereatop, thereby effectively rendering dorsi-plantar flexion of the subject's foot for facilitating emptying ofthe foot's venous plexus and activating his calf s venous muscular pump to pump venous blood from the subject's foot and leg towards his heart. The support 112 typically has a maximum height h3 above the platform 111 of between about 1 cm and about 3 cm and preferably about 2 cm.

With reference now to Figure 15, a wheelchair 120 having left and right foot supports 121 A and 12 IB is fitted with a medical system 122 for effecting dorsiflexion of a wheelchair bound subject's feet. The medical system 122 includes a rechargeable battery operated compressor 123, a controller 124 and two medical devices 126 A and 126B. The compressor 123 and the controller 124 are carried on a rack 127 and the medical devices 126A and 126B are respectively mounted on the wheelchair's foot supports 121 A and 12 IB whereby the medical system 122 is fully portable and therefore does not preclude the subject from continuing his everyday activities.

With reference now to Figures 16A and 16B, a medical device 130 for plantar flexion of a subject's foot has a mounting member 131 for mounting the medical device 130 on a subject's leg. A support member 132 is substantially rigidly attached to the mounting member 131 for disposition along most of the subject's foot's anterior surface. An inflatable bladder 133 extends along the underside of the support member 132, and is in fluid communication with a pressure source 134 under the control of a controller 136. A resiliently flexible foot restraining member 137 attached about midway along to the support member 132 encircles the subject's foot's plantar arch whereupon cyclic inflation and deflation of the inflatable bladder 137 effects cyclic plantar flexion of the subject's foot thereby facilitating emptying of his foot's venous plexus and activating his calf s venous . -

muscular pump to pump venous blood from the subject's foot and leg towards his heart.

Various modifications and changes may be made in the configurations described above that come within the spirit of the invention. The invention embraces such changes and modifications coming within the scope of the claims appended hereto. For example, an inflatable bladder disposed under a foot's plantar arch can be divided into two inflatable bladders respectively disposed under a plantar arch's medial portion and its lateral portion. The medical devices 90, 100, 110 can also be provided with a heel support 72, and a foot strap 73. The wheelchair 120 can be provided with a medical system for applying any suitable cyclic action to a subject's feet by way of one ofthe medical devices described herein.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1. A medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform with at least three independently actuable inflatable bladder staggered therealong to solely underlie the subject's heel, his plantar arch and his foot's front portion including its metatarsals and its toes, respectively, whereby a travelling compressive wave can be cyclically applied to his foot's underside only characterized in that each inflatable bladder converges towards a laterally extending neck portion with an aperture raised with respect to said platform on accommodation of a subject's foot inside the medical device.
2. The device according to claim 1 wherein each neck portion is directed toward the median side ofthe medical device.
3. The device according to either claim 1 or 2 wherein the medical device is fashioned as boot-like footwear having an externally accessible connector member permanently and directly attached to an exterior surface thereof, said connector member being in permanent fluid communication with said at least one inflatable bladder and in selectively disconnectable fluid communication with a pressure source.
4. The device according to claim 3 wherein said connector member is disposed toward the footwear's heel.
5. The device according to claim 3 wherein said boot-like footwear includes an inner sole construction with said platform interdisposed between upper and lower sole members.
6. The device according to claim 5 wherein said upper sole member is peripherally attached to a vamp of said footwear, and said lower sole member is peripherally attached to an underside of said upper sole member and is initially provided with a lengthwise extending slit through which said platform is inserted into a pocket defined between said upper and lower sole members.
7. The device according to either claim 1 or 2 wherein the medical device is fashioned as a normally flat, one-piece foldable wrap.
8. The device according to any one of claim 1 to 7 wherein said inflatable bladder underlying his plantar arch includes a pair of inflatable bladders under a plantar arch's medial portion and its lateral portion.
9. The device according to any one of claims 1 to 7 wherein said platform is provided with four inflatable bladders staggered therealong to solely underlie the subject's heel, his plantar arch, his metatarsals, and his toes.
10. The device according to any one of claims 1 to 9 wherein said at least one inflatable bladder are staggered along said platform so as to be substantially co-extensive with a foot's underside.
11. The device according to any one of claims 1 to 10 and further comprising an arched plantar arch support for permanently supporting the foot's plantar arch.
12. The device according to claim 11 wherein said plantar arch support has a maximum height above said platform of between 0.7 cm and 1.2 cm.
13. The device according to any one of claims 1 to 12 and further comprising an arched toe support for permanently supporting the foot's toes at their bases.
14. The device according to claim 13 wherein said toe support has a maximum height above said platform of between 0.3 cm and 0.5 cm.
15. A medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the device comprising boot-like footwear for accommodating a subject's entire foot, and a platform with at least one inflatable bladder mounted thereon and being in fluid communication with a pressure source for selectively applying pressure to the foot's underside, characterized in that said footwear has an externally accessible connector member permanently and directly attached to an exterior surface
5 thereof, said connector member being in permanent fluid communication with said at least one inflatable bladder and in selectively disconnectable fluid communication with said pressure source.
16. The device according to claim 15 wherein each inflatable bladder converges towards a laterally extending neck portion with an aperture raised l o with respect to said platform.
17. The device according to claim 16 wherein each neck portion is directed toward the median side of said footwear.
18. The device according to any one of claims 15 to 17 wherein said connector member is disposed toward the footwear's heel.
15 19. The device according to any one of claims 15 to 18 wherein said footwear includes an inner sole construction including said platform interdisposed between upper and lower sole members.
20. The device according to claim 19 wherein said upper sole member is peripherally attached to a vamp of said footwear, and said lower sole member 0 is peripherally attached to an underside of said upper sole member and is initially provided with a lengthwise extending slit through which said platform is inserted into a pocket defined between said upper and lower sole members.
21. The device according to any one of claims 15 to 20 wherein said 5 platform has at least three independently actuable inflatable bladders staggered therealong to solely underlie the subject's heel, his plantar arch and his foot's front portion including its metatarsals and its toes, respectively, whereby a travelling compressive wave can be cyclically applied to his foot's underside only.
22. The device according to any one of claims 15 to 20 wherein said platform is provided with four inflatable bladders staggered therealong to solely underlie the subject's heel, his plantar arch, his metatarsals and his toes.
23. The device according to any one of claims 15 to 22 wherein said at 5 least one inflatable bladders are along said platform so as to be substantially co-extensive with a foot's underside.
24. The device according to any one of claims 15 to 23 and further comprising an arched plantar arch support for permanently supporting the foot's plantar arch. ╬╣o
25. The device according to claim 24 wherein said plantar arch support has a maximum height above said platform of between 0.7 cm and 1.2 cm.
26. The device according to any one of claims 15 to 25 and further comprising an arched toe support for permanently supporting the foot's toes at their bases.
15 27. The device according to claim 26 wherein said toe support has a maximum height above said platform of between 0.3 cm and 0.5 cm.
28. A method for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the method comprising the steps of: 0 (a) providing a medical device with a platform for supporting the subject's foot, and having at least three independently actuable inflatable bladders respectively staggered therealong to solely underlie the subject's heel, his plantar arch and his foot's front portion including his metatarsals and his toes, respectively; and 5 (b) cyclically inflating the inflatable bladders for applying a travelling compressive wave to his foot's underside in a heel-to-toe direction.
29. A medical device for effecting dorsiflexion of a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform for supporting the subject's foot, and having an inflatable bladder for cyclically elevating the foot's front portion solely relative to said platform from a normal position thereatop whereby the foot's
5 front portion is flexed relative to the foot's remaining portion overlying said platform, said inflatable bladder having a first compartment overlying said platform and a second compartment hingedly connected to said first compartment along a trailing edge of said inflatable bladder directed towards the subject's heel and limiting means for limiting the maximum height of an ╬╣o edge of said second compartment remote from said trailing edge on inflation of said inflatable bladder whereby said inflatable bladder assumes an inflated triangular shaped configuration tapering towards the subject's heel.
30. The device according to claim 29 wherein said compartments are constituted by a single inflatable cell.
15 31. The device according to either claim 29 or 30 wherein said inflatable member is mounted on a wedge shaped support tapering towards the subject's heel for permanently supporting the foot's front portion only in a flexed position relative to the foot's remaining portion overlying said platform.
32. The device according to claim 31 wherein said support subtends an 20 included angle ╬▒ of about 30┬░ relative to said platform.
33. The device according to any one of claims 29 to 32 and further comprising an arched plantar arch support for permanently supporting the foot's plantar arch.
34. The device according to claim 33 wherein said plantar arch support 25 has a maximum height above said platform of between 0.7 cm and 1.2 cm.
35. A medical device for effecting dorsiflexion of a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform for supporting the subject's foot, and having a wedge shaped support tapering towards the subject's heel for permanently 7 jg .
supporting the foot's front portion in a flexed position relative to the foot's remaining portion overlying said platform; and an inflatable bladder mounted on said support for cyclically elevating the foot's front portion relative thereto from a normal position thereatop. 5 36. The device according to claim 35 wherein said support subtends an included angle ╬▒ of about 30┬░ relative to said platform. 37. The device according to either claim 35 or 36 wherein said inflatable bladder has a first compartment overlying said platform and a second compartment hingedly connected to said first compartment along a trailing
10 edge ofsaid inflatable bladder directed towards the subject's heel and limiting means for limiting the maximum height of an edge of said second compartment remote from said trailing edge on inflation of said inflatable bladder whereby said inflatable bladder assumes an inflated triangular shaped configuration tapering towards the subject's heel.
15 38. The device according to claim 37 wherein said compartments are constituted by a single inflatable cell.
39. The device according to any one of claims 35 to 38 and further comprising an arched plantar arch support for permanently supporting the foot's plantar arch.
20 40. The device according to claim 39 wherein said plantar arch support has a maximum height above said platform of between 0.7 cm and 1.2 cm.
41. A medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot, the device comprising a platform for supporting the subject's 25 foot thereon with an arched plantar arch support for permanently supporting his plantar arch; and an inflatable bladder for cyclically elevating his foot's front portion relative to said platform from a normal position thereatop whereby his foot effects a rocking motion about said plantar arch support acting as a fulcrum-like member. 0/06077 n . P
42. The device according to claim 41 wherein said plantar arch support has a maximum height above said platform of between 1 cm and about 3 cm.
43. The device according to either claim 41 or 42 and further comprising an arched toe support for permanently supporting his foot's toes at their bases.
5 44. The device according to claim 43 wherein said toe support has a maximum height above said platform of between 0.3 cm and 0.7 cm. 45. The device according to any one of claims 41 to 44 and further comprising an inflatable bladder for cyclically elevating his foot's heel relative to said platform from a normal position thereatop.
10 46. The device according to claim 45 wherein said inflatable bladder has a first compartment overlying said platform and a second compartment hingedly connected to said first compartment along a trailing edge of said inflatable bladder directed towards the subject's heel and limiting means for limiting the maximum height of the edge of said second compartment remote
15 from said trailing edge on inflation of said inflatable bladder whereby said inflatable bladder assumes an inflated triangular shaped configuration tapering towards the subject's heel.
47. The device according to claim 46 wherein said compartments are constituted by a single inflatable cell. 0
48. A method for manipulation of a subject's foot, the method comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a medical device including a platform for supporting the subject's foot thereon with an arched plantar arch support for 5 permanently supporting the foot's plantar arch, and an inflatable bladder for selectively elevating the foot's front portion relative to the platform from a normal position thereatop; and
(b) cyclically elevating the foot's front portion relative to the platform whilst the foot's heel is thereatop, thereby effecting a rocking motion of the subject's foot about the plantar arch support acting as a fulcrum-like member.
49. A kit for installation on a wheelchair having a pair of foot supports for supporting a wheelchair bound subject's feet, the kit comprising: a rechargeable battery operated compressor; a pair of medical devices capable of being in fluid communication with said compressor and mountable on a foot support, each medical device capable of effecting a therapeutic action to the subject's foot; and a controller for controlling the operation ofthe medical devices.
50. The kit according to claim 49 wherein each medical device is capable of effecting dorsiflexion to a subject's foot.
51. The kit according to claim 49 wherein each medical device is capable of applying a travelling compressive wave to a subject foot's underside.
52. A medical device for effecting plantar flexion of a subject's foot, the device comprising a mounting member for mounting the device on the subject's leg, a support member substantially rigidly attached to said mounting member and downward depending for overlying at least a proximal portion of the foot's anterior surface, an inflatable bladder extending along the underside of said support member; and a resiliently flexible foot restraining member attached midway along said support member for encircling the foot's plantar arch.
PCT/IL1999/000419 1997-07-30 1999-07-30 Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot WO2000006077A2 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IL1998/000352 WO1999006004A1 (en) 1997-07-30 1998-07-30 Apparatus for foot dorsiflexion and method therefor
ILPCT/IL98/00352 1998-07-30
IL12646298A IL126462D0 (en) 1998-10-04 1998-10-04 Sandal
IL126462 1998-10-04
IL128328 1999-02-02
IL12832899A IL128328D0 (en) 1998-07-30 1999-02-02 Apparatus for manipulation of a subject's foot
IL130000 1999-05-18
IL13000099A IL130000D0 (en) 1999-05-18 1999-05-18 Footwear for manipulation of a subjects foot

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA002338903A CA2338903A1 (en) 1998-07-30 1999-07-30 Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot
JP2000561934A JP2002521137A (en) 1998-07-30 1999-07-30 Medical device for applying a periodic treatment operations to a human foot
IL14104099A IL141040D0 (en) 1998-07-30 1999-07-30 Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot
AU51901/99A AU768942B2 (en) 1998-07-30 1999-07-30 Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot
EP99936939A EP1100427A2 (en) 1998-07-30 1999-07-30 Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2000006077A2 true WO2000006077A2 (en) 2000-02-10
WO2000006077A3 WO2000006077A3 (en) 2000-05-18

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PCT/IL1999/000419 WO2000006077A2 (en) 1997-07-30 1999-07-30 Medical device for applying a cyclic therapeutic action to a person's foot

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EP (1) EP1100427A2 (en)
CN (1) CN1315850A (en)
AU (1) AU768942B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2338903A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2000006077A2 (en)

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US6702768B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2004-03-09 Colin Corporation Foot bending and stretching apparatus
US6685661B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2004-02-03 Medical Dynamics Llc, Usa Medical device for applying cyclic therapeutic action to a subject's foot
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1315850A (en) 2001-10-03
CA2338903A1 (en) 2000-02-10
AU5190199A (en) 2000-02-21
AU768942B2 (en) 2004-01-08
EP1100427A2 (en) 2001-05-23
WO2000006077A3 (en) 2000-05-18

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