WO1999046032A3 - Process gas purification and fuel cell system - Google Patents

Process gas purification and fuel cell system

Info

Publication number
WO1999046032A3
WO1999046032A3 PCT/US1999/005238 US9905238W WO9946032A3 WO 1999046032 A3 WO1999046032 A3 WO 1999046032A3 US 9905238 W US9905238 W US 9905238W WO 9946032 A3 WO9946032 A3 WO 9946032A3
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
fuel
hydrogen
module
cell
stream
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1999/005238
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO1999046032A2 (en )
Inventor
Richard R Woods
Original Assignee
Hydrogen Burner Techn Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/22Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by diffusion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/22Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by diffusion
    • B01D53/229Integrated processes (Diffusion and at least one other process, e.g. adsorption, absorption)
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/32Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00
    • B01D53/326Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00 in electrochemical cells
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D63/00Apparatus in general for separation processes using semi-permeable membranes
    • B01D63/08Flat membrane modules
    • B01D63/087Single membrane modules
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B13/00Oxygen; Ozone; Oxides or hydroxides in general
    • C01B13/02Preparation of oxygen
    • C01B13/0229Purification or separation processes
    • C01B13/0248Physical processing only
    • C01B13/0251Physical processing only by making use of membranes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B3/00Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
    • C01B3/0005Reversible uptake of hydrogen by an appropriate medium, i.e. based on physical or chemical sorption phenomena or on reversible chemical reactions, e.g. for hydrogen storage purposes ; Reversible gettering of hydrogen; Reversible uptake of hydrogen by electrodes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B3/00Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
    • C01B3/02Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen
    • C01B3/32Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air
    • C01B3/34Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents
    • C01B3/36Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents using oxygen or mixtures containing oxygen as gasifying agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B3/00Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
    • C01B3/50Separation of hydrogen or hydrogen containing gases from gaseous mixtures, e.g. purification
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0606Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants
    • H01M8/0612Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants from carbon-containing material
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0662Treatment of gaseous reactants or gaseous residues, e.g. cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2313/00Details relating to membrane modules or apparatus
    • B01D2313/22Specific cooling or heating elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2313/00Details relating to membrane modules or apparatus
    • B01D2313/42Catalysts within the flow path
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/04Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a purification step for the hydrogen or the synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/0465Composition of the impurity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/04Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a purification step for the hydrogen or the synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/0465Composition of the impurity
    • C01B2203/047Composition of the impurity the impurity being carbon monoxide
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/04Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a purification step for the hydrogen or the synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/0465Composition of the impurity
    • C01B2203/0485Composition of the impurity the impurity being a sulfur compound
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/04Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a purification step for the hydrogen or the synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/0465Composition of the impurity
    • C01B2203/0495Composition of the impurity the impurity being water
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04007Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids related to heat exchange
    • H01M8/04014Heat exchange using gaseous fluids; Heat exchange by combustion of reactants
    • H01M8/04022Heating by combustion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04082Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration
    • H01M8/04089Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration of gaseous reactants
    • H01M8/04119Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration of gaseous reactants with simultaneous supply or evacuation of electrolyte; Humidifying or dehumidifying
    • H01M8/04156Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration of gaseous reactants with simultaneous supply or evacuation of electrolyte; Humidifying or dehumidifying with product water removal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04223Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids during start-up or shut-down; Depolarisation or activation, e.g. purging; Means for short-circuiting defective fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02CCAPTURE, STORAGE, SEQUESTRATION OR DISPOSAL OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG]
    • Y02C20/00Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases [GHG] other than CO2
    • Y02C20/30Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases [GHG] other than CO2 of perfluorocarbons [PFC], hydrofluorocarbons [HFC] or sulfur hexafluoride [SF6]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/32Hydrogen storage
    • Y02E60/324Reversible uptake of hydrogen by an appropriate medium
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery
    • Y02P20/13Cogeneration

Abstract

A module (214 Fig. 5) for separating a product from a mixed stream comprises a mixed stream chamber having inlet and outlet means and defining a first flow path for the mixed stream, a purge/product stream chamber having inlet and outlet means and defining a second flow path for a purge/product stream, the second flow path having a substantially countercurrent direction to that of the first flow path, and a membrane located between the mixed stream chamber and the purge/product stream chamber, the membrane being selectively permeable to the product. There is also disclosed a fuel cell system comprising a burner module (210) for mixing and combusting a fuel and air mixture to produce hydrogen rich fuel stream; a hydrogen fuel cell (250) for producing power/energy using the hydrogen fuel produced by the burner module; a hydrogen purification module (214) between the burner module and the fuel cell for extracting hydrogen fuel from the burner module for use in the fuel cell and that uses a purge gas to enhance purification module performance; hydrogen storage means (254) for storing hydrogen fuel produced by the burner module and not immediately required by the fuel cell; and means for feeding stored hydrogen fuel from the storage means to the fuel cell when the hydrogen requirements of the fuel cell are greater than the amount of hydrogen produced in the burner module.
PCT/US1999/005238 1998-03-12 1999-03-10 Process gas purification and fuel cell system WO1999046032A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US7773398 true 1998-03-12 1998-03-12
US60/077,733 1998-03-12

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000535441A JP2002505943A (en) 1998-03-12 1999-03-10 Process gas purification and a fuel cell system
KR20007009904A KR20010041687A (en) 1998-03-12 1999-03-10 Process gas purification and fuel cell system
CA 2322871 CA2322871A1 (en) 1998-03-12 1999-03-10 Process gas purification and fuel cell system
EP19990912376 EP1062024A2 (en) 1998-03-12 1999-03-10 Process gas purification and fuel cell system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1999046032A2 true WO1999046032A2 (en) 1999-09-16
WO1999046032A3 true true WO1999046032A3 (en) 2000-02-10

Family

ID=22139747

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1999/005238 WO1999046032A3 (en) 1998-03-12 1999-03-10 Process gas purification and fuel cell system

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1062024A2 (en)
JP (1) JP2002505943A (en)
KR (1) KR20010041687A (en)
CN (1) CN1298319A (en)
CA (1) CA2322871A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999046032A3 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9394171B2 (en) 2009-11-18 2016-07-19 G4 Insights Inc. Method and system for biomass hydrogasification

Families Citing this family (25)

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US5938975A (en) 1996-12-23 1999-08-17 Ennis; Bernard Method and apparatus for total energy fuel conversion systems
US6168705B1 (en) * 1998-09-08 2001-01-02 Proton Energy Systems Electrochemical gas purifier
US6329091B1 (en) 2000-04-14 2001-12-11 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Fuel reformer system for a fuel cell
US6572837B1 (en) 2000-07-19 2003-06-03 Ballard Power Systems Inc. Fuel processing system
DE10053986A1 (en) * 2000-10-31 2002-05-08 Forschungszentrum Juelich Gmbh Introducing and removing hydrogen using an electrically contacted proton conductor, comprises applying a current to the conductor so that protons are generated at an anode and recombining the protons at a cathode to form hydrogen
US20020112479A1 (en) 2001-01-09 2002-08-22 Keefer Bowie G. Power plant with energy recovery from fuel storage
FR2820549B1 (en) * 2001-02-08 2003-03-21 Inst Francais Du Petrole Method and device for producing electricity in a fuel cell by oxidation of hydrocarbons followed by a particulate filtration
US7037615B2 (en) * 2001-02-12 2006-05-02 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Trapping method and system for energy conversion devices
CA2352626A1 (en) 2001-07-12 2003-01-12 Co2 Solution Inc. Coupling for linking a hydrogen fuel cell to an enzyme bioreactor for processing and sequestering co2
CA2353307A1 (en) 2001-07-13 2003-01-13 Carmen Parent Device and procedure for processing gaseous effluents
JP4806867B2 (en) * 2001-07-23 2011-11-02 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Hydrogen extraction apparatus
JP4923371B2 (en) * 2001-09-21 2012-04-25 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Starting the hydrogen generator comprising a hydrogen separation membrane
DE10157737A1 (en) * 2001-11-24 2003-06-05 Bosch Gmbh Robert fuel cell plant
DE50209163D1 (en) 2002-07-01 2007-02-15 Sfc Smart Fuel Cell Ag Fluid separation device
CA2405635A1 (en) 2002-09-27 2004-03-27 C02 Solution Inc. A process and a plant for the production of useful carbonated species and for the recycling of carbon dioxide emissions from power plants
US7537738B2 (en) 2003-01-21 2009-05-26 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Fuel processing system having a membrane separator
DE10309794A1 (en) * 2003-03-05 2004-09-23 Daimlerchrysler Ag Fuel cell system having at least a fuel cell and a gas generating system
US7060382B2 (en) 2003-05-15 2006-06-13 Fuelcell Energy, Inc. Fuel cell system with recycle of anode exhaust gas
KR100788195B1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-12-26 엘지전자 주식회사 Fuel cell system
US7862938B2 (en) 2007-02-05 2011-01-04 Fuelcell Energy, Inc. Integrated fuel cell and heat engine hybrid system for high efficiency power generation
CN101335360B (en) 2007-06-29 2010-05-19 中国科学院金属研究所 Hydrogen continuous transmission device
FR2918978B1 (en) 2007-07-20 2010-02-12 Inst Francais Du Petrole New process for purification of hydrogen using a combination of units of separation on membranes
US7837765B2 (en) * 2007-12-12 2010-11-23 Idatech, Llc Systems and methods for supplying auxiliary fuel streams during intermittent byproduct discharge from pressure swing adsorption assemblies
CN102341485B (en) 2009-03-05 2015-06-10 G4因赛特公司 Process and system for thermochemical conversion of biomass
JP5743639B2 (en) * 2011-03-29 2015-07-01 新日鉄住金エンジニアリング株式会社 The carbon dioxide gas separation system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9394171B2 (en) 2009-11-18 2016-07-19 G4 Insights Inc. Method and system for biomass hydrogasification

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
KR20010041687A (en) 2001-05-25 application
JP2002505943A (en) 2002-02-26 application
EP1062024A2 (en) 2000-12-27 application
CN1298319A (en) 2001-06-06 application
WO1999046032A2 (en) 1999-09-16 application
CA2322871A1 (en) 1999-09-16 application

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