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Novel composition of angiotensin-ii receptor antagonists and calcium channel blockers

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Publication number
WO1992020342A1
WO1992020342A1 PCT/US1992/003873 US9203873W WO1992020342A1 WO 1992020342 A1 WO1992020342 A1 WO 1992020342A1 US 9203873 W US9203873 W US 9203873W WO 1992020342 A1 WO1992020342 A1 WO 1992020342A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
yl
methyl
imidazole
tetrazol
biphenyl
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1992/003873
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Pancras Chor Bun Wong
Original Assignee
E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/41Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having five-membered rings with two or more ring hetero atoms, at least one of which being nitrogen, e.g. tetrazole
    • A61K31/4151,2-Diazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/435Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with one nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • A61K31/44Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/55Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having seven-membered rings, e.g. azelastine, pentylenetetrazole

Abstract

Novel pharmaceutical compositions containing a combination of an angiotensin-II antagonist and a calcium channel blocker such as 2-butyl-4 chloro-1-[2-(1-H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-5-(hydroxymethyl) imidazole, and diltiazem and the use of such compositions in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure.

Description

NOVEL COMPOSITION OF ANGIOTENSIN-II RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS AND CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS Summary of the Invention

This invention relates to novel pharmaceutical compositions containing an angiotensin-II receptor antagonist from a selected class in combination with a calcium channel blocker from a selected class useful for the treatment of hypertension and for the treatment of congestive heart failure.

Background of the Invention

The selected class of angiotensin-II receptor antagonists and the selected class of calcium channel blockers essential as component parts of the novel compositions of this invention are compounds already known in the art as antihypertensive agents.

Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists useful in compositions of the invention are included in those compounds disclosed in published European Published application 0 324 377 the disclosure of which is

incorporated herein by reference.

Calcium channel blockers useful in the compositions of this invention are selected from the group consisting of diltiazem, nifedipine, nitrendipine, nimodipine, niludipine, niguldipine, nicardipine, nisoldipine, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, ryosidine,

verapamil, gallopamil and tiapamil.

Detailed Description of the Invention The novel compositions of this invention contain a calcium channel blocker of the group defined above in combination with an angiotensin-II receptor antagonist compound of the following formula:

wherein

R1 is CO2H; NHSO2CF3 and

R2 is H, alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, halogen, or alkoxy of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;

R3 is alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl of 3 to 7 carbon

atoms;

R4 is H, Cl, Br, I; alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;

CvF2v+1, where v=1-3; or

R5 is -(CH2)mOR7;

-

R6 is H, alkyl of 1 to 5 carbon atoms or OR10;

R7 is H or alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;

R8 is H, alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or acyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;

R9 is CF3, alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms or phenyl;

R10 is H, alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl of

3 to 6 carbon atoms, phenyl or benzyl;

m is 1 to 5 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Preferred compounds of the above formula are those in which R1 is

and R2 is H. Illustrative compounds of this preferred scope are:

● 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[(2'(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]-5-(hydroxymethyl)imidazole

● 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid

SUBSTITUTESHEET ● 2 propyl-4-trifluoromethyl-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid

● 2 propyl-4-chloro-1-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxaldehyde ● 2 propyl-4-ethyl-1-[(2'(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid

● 2 propyl-4-ethyl-1-[(2'-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxaldehyde

● 2-propyl-4-pentafluoroethyl-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid

● 2-propyl-4-chloro-1-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid.

The potential antihypertensive effects of the combination of compounds of this invention may be demonstrated by administering the combination of active compounds to conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats. Rats received either orally or intravenously a dose of 0.1-30 mg/kg of the desired calcium channel blocker, or a dose of 0.1-30 mg/kg of the desired angiotensin-II receptor antagonist, or a combination of the two doses of the calcium channel blocker and the angiotensin-II receptor antagonist. Arterial blood pressure is

continuously measured directly through a carotid artery catheter and recorded using a pressure transducer and a polygraph. Blood pressure levels after treatment are compared to pretreatment levels.

The combination of active compounds of this

invention are unexpectedly useful in treating

hypertension. They are also of value in the management of acute and chronic congestive heart failure. These combinations also be expected to be useful in the treatment of secondary hyperaldosteronism, primary and secondary pulmonary hyperaldosteronism, primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension, renal failure such as diabetic nephropathy, glomerulonephritis, scleroderma, glomerular sclerosis, proteinuria of primary renal disease, end stage renal disease, renal transplant therapy, and the like, renal vascular hypertension, left ventricular dysfunction, diabetic retinopathy and in the management of vascular disorders such as migraine, Raynaud's disease, luminal hyperplasia, and to minimize the atherosclerotic process.

The combinations of this invention can be

administered for the treatment of hypertension according to the invention by any means that effects contact of the active ingredient compounds with the site of action in the body of a warm-blooded animal in need of such treatment. For example, administration can be

parenteral, i.e., subcutaneous, intravenous,

intramuscular, or intra peritoneal. Alternatively, or concurrently, in some cases administration can be by the oral route.

The combinations of compounds can be administered by any conventional means available for use in

conjunction with pharmaceuticals, either as individual therapeutic agents or in a combination with additional therapeutic agents. For example the combination of this invention of an angiotensin-II antagonist and calcium channel blocker can be combined with other

antihypertensives and/or diuretics and/or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors such as amiloride,

atenolol, bendroflumethiazide, chlorothalidone. chlorothiazide, clonidine, cryptenamine acetates and cryptenamine tannates, deserpidine, diazoxide,

guanethidene sulfate, hydralazine hydrochloride, hydrochlorothiazide, metolazone, metoprolol tartate, methyclothiazide, methyldopa, methyldopate

hydrochloride, minoxidil, pargyline hydrochloride, polythiazide, prazosin, propranolol, rauwolfia

serpentina, rescinnamine, reserpine, sodium

nitroprusside, spironolactone, timolol maleate,

trichlormethiazide, trimethophan camsylate,

benzthiazide, quinethazone, ticrynafan, triamterene, acetazolamide, aminophylline, cyclothiazide, ethacrynic acid, furosemide, merethoxylline procaine, sodium ethacrynate, captopril, delapril hydrochloride,

enalapril, enalaprilat, fosinopril sodium, lisinopril, pentopril, quinapril hydrochloride, ramapril, teprotide, zofenopril calcium, diflusinal and the like.

The combinations of active compounds can be administered alone, but are generally administered with a pharmaceutical carrier selected on the basis of the chosen route of administration and standard

pharmaceutical practice.

For the purpose of this disclosure, a warm-blooded animal is a member of the animal kingdom possessed of a homeostatic mechanism and includes mammals and birds.

Pharmaceutical compositions of the invention may contain from 10 to 300 mg of the desired calcium channel blocker and 1 to 100 mg of the angiotensin-II receptor antagonist per unit dose one or more times daily.

The active ingredients can be administered orally in solid dosage forms, such as capsules, tablets, and powders, or in liquid dosage forms, such as elixirs syrups, and suspensions. They can also be administered parenterally, in sterile liquid dosage forms.

Gelatin capsules contain the active ingredients and powdered carriers, such as lactose, starch, cellulose derivatives, magnesium stearate, stearic acid, and the like. Similar diluents can be used to make compressed tablets. Both tablets and capsules can be manufactured as sustained release products to provide for continuous release of medication over a period of hours.

Compressed tablets can be sugar coated or film coated to mask any unpleasant taste and protect the tablet from the atmosphere, or enteric coated for selective

disintegration in the gastrointestinal tract.

Liquid dosage forms for oral administration can contain coloring and flavoring to increase patient acceptance.

In general, water, a suitable oil, saline, aqueous dextrose (glucose), and related sugar solutions and glycols such as propylene glycol or polyethylene glycols are suitable carriers for parenteral solutions.

Solutions for parenteral administration preferably contain a water soluble salt of the active ingredient, suitable stabilizing agents, and if necessary, buffer substances. Antioxidizing agents such as sodium

bisulfite, sodium sulfite, or ascorbic acid, either alone or combined, are suitable stabilizing agents.

Also used are citric acid and its salts and sodium EDTA. In addition, parenteral solutions can contain

preservatives, such as benzalkonium chloride, methyl- or propylparaben, and chlorobutanol.

Suitable pharmaceutical carriers are described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, A. Osol, a standard reference text in this field. Useful pharmaceutical dosage-forms for

administration of the compounds of this invention can be illustrated as follows: Capsules

A large number of unit capsules are prepared by filling standard two-piece hard gelatin capsules each as with 100 milligrams of powdered active ingredients, 150 milligrams of lactose, 50 milligrams of cellulose, and 6 milligrams magnesium stearate.

Soft Galatin Capsules

A mixture of active ingredients in a digestible oil such as soybean oil, cottonseed oil or olive oil is combinations prepared and injected by means of a

positive displacement pump into gelatin to form soft gelatin capsules containing 100 milligrams of the active ingredients. The capsules are washed and dried. Tablets

A large number of tablets are prepared by

conventional procedures so that the dosage unit is 100 milligrams of active ingredients, 0.2 milligrams of colloidal silicon dioxide, 5 milligrams of magnesium stearate, 275 milligrams of microcrystalline cellulose, 11 milligrams of starch and 98.8 milligrams of lactose. Appropriate coatings may be applied to increase

palatability or delay absorption. Injectable

A parenteral composition suitable for

administration by injection is prepared by stirring 1.5% by weight of active ingredients in 10% by volume propylene glycol. The solution is made to volume with water for injection and sterilized.

Suspension

An aqueous suspension is prepared for oral administration so that each 5 milliliters contain 100 milligrams of finely divided active ingredients, 100 milligrams of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, 5 milligrams of sodium benzoate, 1.0 grams of sorbitol solution, U.S.P., and 0.025 milliliters of vanillin.

Claims

What is Claimed Is:
1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a
pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and a therapeutically effective amount of a combination of an angiotensin-II receptor antagonist compound of the formula:
wherein
R1 is CO2H; NHSO2CF3 and
R2 is H, alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, halogen, or alkoxy of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;
R3 is alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl of 3 to 7 carbon
atoms;
R4 is H, Cl, Br, I; alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;
CvF2v+1, where v=1-3; or R5 is
or -COR6;
R6 is H, alkyl of 1 to 5 carbon atoms or OR10;
R7 is H or alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;
R8 is H, alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or acyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms;
R9 is CF3, alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms or phenyl; R10 is H, alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl of
3 to 6 carbon atoms, phenyl or benzyl;
m is 1 to 5 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a calcium channel blocker compound selected from the group consisting of: diltiazem, nifedipine, nitrendipine, nimodipine, niludipine, niguldipine, nicardipine, nisoldipine, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, ryosidine, verapamil, gallopamil and tiapamil.
2. The composition of Claim 1 wherein the
angiotensin-II receptor antagonist is selected from the group consisting of:
● 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[(2'(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]-5-(hydroxymethyl)imidazole ● 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2 propyl-4-trifluoromethyl-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2 propyl-4-chloro-1-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxaldehyde ● 2 propyl-4-ethyl-1-[(2'(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2 propyl-4-ethyl-1-[(2'-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxaldehyde
● 2-propyl-4-pentafluoroethyl-1-[(2*-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2-propyl-4-chloro-1-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid.
3. The composition of Claim 2 wherein the calcium
channel blocker is diltiazem.
4. The composition of Claim 3 wherein the
angiotensin-II receptor antagonist is 2-(butyl-4- chloro-1-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4- yl)methyl]-5-(hydroxymethyl) imidazole.
5. The composition of Claim 3 wherein the
angiotensin-II receptor antagonist is 2-propyl-4- pentafluoroethyl-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid.
6. A method of treating hypertension which comprises administering to a patient in need of such treatment a therapeutically effective amount of a composition of Claim 1.
7. The method of Claim 6 wherein the angiotensin-II receptor antagonist is selected from the group consisting of:
● 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[(2'(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]-5-(hydroxymethyl)imidazole
● 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2 propyl-4-trifluoromethyl-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2 propyl-4-chloro-1-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxaldehyde ● 2 propyl-4-ethyl-1-[(2'(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2 propyl-4-ethyl-1-[(2'-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl- 4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxaldehyd
● 2-propyl-4-pentafluoroethyl-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
● 2-propyl-4-chloro-1-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid.
8. The method of Claim 6 wherein the calcium channel blocker is diltiazem.
9. The method of Claim 8 wherein the angiotensin receptor antagonist is 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2-(1H- tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-5- (hydroxymethyl)imidazole.
10. The method of Claim 8 wherein the angiotensin
receptor antagonist is 2-propyl-4- pentafluoroethyl-1-[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5- yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid.
PCT/US1992/003873 1991-05-15 1992-05-14 Novel composition of angiotensin-ii receptor antagonists and calcium channel blockers WO1992020342A1 (en)

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US700,740 1991-05-15

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JP50011093A JP2930252B2 (en) 1991-05-15 1992-05-14 Angiotensin - ▲ ii ▼ receptor antagonist and novel compositions of calcium channel blockers
KR930073429A KR100222627B1 (en) 1991-05-15 1992-05-14 Novel pharmaceutical composition of angiotensin-ii receptor antagonists and calcium channel blockers

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WO2001074390A2 (en) * 2000-04-04 2001-10-11 Pfizer Limited The use of a calcium channel blocker for treating renal disorders
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EP1234582A1 (en) * 1999-12-01 2002-08-28 Sankyo Company, Limited Concomitant drugs for treating glaucoma
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WO2014197720A2 (en) 2013-06-05 2014-12-11 Synergy Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Ultra-pure agonists of guanylate cyclase c, method of making and using same
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Cited By (29)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5663187A (en) * 1994-03-29 1997-09-02 Merck & Co., Inc. Treatment of atherosclerosis with angiotensin II receptor blocking imidazoles
US5663186A (en) * 1994-03-29 1997-09-02 Merck & Co., Inc. Treatment of atherosclerosis with angiotensin II receptor blocking imidazoles
US6245787B1 (en) 1995-03-16 2001-06-12 Pfizer Inc. Composition containing amlodipine or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and an ACE inhibitor
US6204281B1 (en) 1998-07-10 2001-03-20 Novartis Ag Method of treatment and pharmaceutical composition
EP2322174B1 (en) 1998-07-10 2015-09-23 Novartis Pharma AG Combined use of valsartan and calcium channel blockers for therapeutic purposes
US6395728B2 (en) 1999-07-08 2002-05-28 Novartis Ag Method of treatment and pharmaceutical composition
EP1344535A2 (en) * 1999-12-01 2003-09-17 Sankyo Company, Limited Combined angiotensin II antagonists and adrenaline receptor blockers for treatment of glaucoma
EP1234582A1 (en) * 1999-12-01 2002-08-28 Sankyo Company, Limited Concomitant drugs for treating glaucoma
US7307096B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2007-12-11 Sankyo Company, Limited Combined agents for treatment of glaucoma
EP1234582A4 (en) * 1999-12-01 2003-05-07 Sankyo Co Concomitant drugs for treating glaucoma
EP1344535A3 (en) * 1999-12-01 2004-01-28 Sankyo Company, Limited Combined angiotensin II antagonists and adrenaline receptor blockers for treatment of glaucoma
WO2001074390A3 (en) * 2000-04-04 2002-05-30 Adrian Paul Foster The use of a calcium channel blocker for treating renal disorders
WO2001074390A2 (en) * 2000-04-04 2001-10-11 Pfizer Limited The use of a calcium channel blocker for treating renal disorders
WO2001082858A3 (en) * 2000-05-04 2002-06-27 Helmut Drexler Novel compounds for the treatment of inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases
WO2001082858A2 (en) * 2000-05-04 2001-11-08 Ipf Pharmaceuticals Gmbh Novel compounds for the treatment of inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases
US7481803B2 (en) * 2000-11-28 2009-01-27 Flowmedica, Inc. Intra-aortic renal drug delivery catheter
WO2002043807A3 (en) * 2000-12-01 2003-08-14 Novartis Ag Combinations of an angiotensin receptor antagonist and an anti-hypertensive drug or a statin, for the treatment of sexual dysfunction
WO2002043807A2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2002-06-06 Novartis Ag Combinations of an angiotensin receptor antagonist and an anti-hypertensive drug or a statin, for the treatment of sexual dysfunction
US8101599B2 (en) 2002-05-17 2012-01-24 Novartis Ag Pharmaceutical composition containing anti-hypertensive agents
WO2003097045A1 (en) * 2002-05-17 2003-11-27 Novartis Ag Combination of organic compounds
EP2998314A1 (en) 2007-06-04 2016-03-23 Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. Agonists of guanylate cyclase useful for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, inflammation, cancer and other disorders
EP2810951A2 (en) 2008-06-04 2014-12-10 Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. Agonists of guanylate cyclase useful for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, inflammation, cancer and other disorders
EP3241839A1 (en) 2008-07-16 2017-11-08 Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. Agonists of guanylate cyclase useful for the treatment of gastrointestinal, inflammation, cancer and other disorders
EP2923706A1 (en) 2009-12-03 2015-09-30 Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. Agonists of guanylate cyclase useful for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia
WO2011069038A2 (en) 2009-12-03 2011-06-09 Synergy Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Agonists of guanylate cyclase useful for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, gallstone, obesity and other cardiovascular diseases
WO2013138352A1 (en) 2012-03-15 2013-09-19 Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. Formulations of guanylate cyclase c agonists and methods of use
WO2014151206A1 (en) 2013-03-15 2014-09-25 Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. Agonists of guanylate cyclase and their uses
WO2014151200A2 (en) 2013-03-15 2014-09-25 Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. Compositions useful for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders
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