WO1992010969A1 - Surgical device - Google Patents

Surgical device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1992010969A1
WO1992010969A1 PCT/GB1991/002256 GB9102256W WO9210969A1 WO 1992010969 A1 WO1992010969 A1 WO 1992010969A1 GB 9102256 W GB9102256 W GB 9102256W WO 9210969 A1 WO9210969 A1 WO 9210969A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
hollow member
device according
device
means
annular chamber
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB1991/002256
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Alan Godfrey Johnson
Original Assignee
The University Of Sheffield
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3417Details of tips or shafts, e.g. grooves, expandable, bendable; Multiple coaxial sliding cannulas, e.g. for dilating
    • A61B17/3421Cannulas
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/313Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for introducing through surgical openings, e.g. laparoscopes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/012Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor characterised by internal passages or accessories therefor
    • A61B1/015Control of fluid supply or evacuation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/0218Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors for minimally invasive surgery

Abstract

A surgical device for carrying out visual exploration of the body cavity, or performing an operation on an internal body organ, comprises an elongate hollow member (4), having a forward section (5) and a rear section (6) conveniently secured together by a rubber sleeve (7). The forward section (5) has an open front end (8), and is provided in twin-walled construction, defining an annular chamber (14). Extending from the outer wall (10) is a hollow stem pipe (16) by which an air bulb (18) may be connected to the member (4) by a rubber hose (20). Extending longitudinally of the hollow member (4) is illumination means (30) comprising a light transmitting stem (32). In use the device may be inserted into the patients abdomen, and with the aid of light provided by the illumination means the surgeon may view the interior of the body cavity through an eye-piece (40). In the event that vision is impaired by internal tissue, the surgeon may squeeze the air bulb (18) to cause fluid to be puffed out of the annular chamber (14) surrounding the open front end, to blow such tissue to one side, clearing the view of the surgeon through the hollow member.

Description

Title: "Surgical Device" Description of Invention

This invention is concerned with improvements relating to surgical devices.

A problem is encountered in carrying out surgical exploration of a body cavity, in that little capability exists for the surgeon to inspect an organ visually, with minimum intrusion. Additionally, where a surgeon is to carry out a biopsy on [e.g.] the liver of a patient, it is currently difficult for him reliably to locate the organ, inspect surface parts of it visually, and then if necessary perform the biopsy, or perform the biopsy on a part of the organ which looks to be at risk without the use of a general anaesthetic.

Additionally in certain laparoscopic procedures it is necessary to admit air under pressure to the peritoneal cavity, to lift the abdomen wall, to improve access (visually or physically) to internal organs. Conventionally this involves the insertion of a needle through the abdomen wall, and the injection of air under pressure through the needle. In this procedure there is an inherent danger, that when the needle is inserted "blind", there is a possibility that it may puncture one of the internal organs which may be lying adjacent to the abdominal wall.

According to this invention there is provided a surgical device comprising an elongate hollow member having an open front end to enable, as the device is inserted into a body cavity, the interior of the body cavity to be viewed through the member, wherein supply means is provided to enable fluid under pressure to be ducted through the hollow elongate member.

In this manner, as the device is entered into the body cavity, internal tissue such as fat, or body organs, may be moved out of the way from the front end, clearing the view of the surgeon through the hollow member.

Alternatively in relation to laparoscopic procedures, the abdomen wall may be incised sufficient to allow the elongate hollow member to be inserted through the abdomen wall, it being appreciate that the dangers of damage to an internal organ which is encountered on the insertion of a needle into the peritoneal cavity are not present when effecting in incision in the abdomen wall, and on completion of insertion of the hollow member through the incision, air under pressure may be admitted to lift the abdomen wall, and/or to observe the situation in relation to the interior of the peritoneal cavity to assist in the introduction of an air needle through the abdomen wall.

Conveniently said supply means comprises a bulb, together with a one way valve, connected to the outer end region of the member, enabling a surgeon as he is inserting the device into the body cavity, to squeeze the bulb to emit a pulse of fluid exiting forwardly of the device to cause internal tissue to be pushed to one side, allowing clearer forward vision and unobstructed advance.

Alternatively or in addition the supply means may comprise an external source of fluid under pressure.

Preferably the device comprises one or more outlets extending around the central opemng. Thus a plurality of outlets may be disposed in a ring extending around the opening, particularly where the fluid is a liquid [e.g. saline]. Preferably however the fluid is gas [e.g. air or nitrogen, but referred to hereafter simply as air] and conventionally a substantially annular cavity is provided which extends around the central opening, similarly being open in the forward direction, and preferably air under pressure is admitted to the annular cavity. Thus conveniently a connection means [e.g. in the form of a stem pipe] is provided which extends from the annular cavity, and preferably the supply means is connected to the stem pipe by a flexible tube, e.g. of rubber.

Preferably the hollow member is substantially enclosed other than at its forward end, preventing dissipation of fluid fed by the supply means back into the hollow member. Thus a rear end of the hollow member may be enclosed by an eye piece, enabling a surgeon to look through the eye piece along the hollow member. Preferably the eye piece is removable from a position in which it closes said rear end of the hollow member, to an open position to allow instruments to be inserted through the hollow member to carry out surgical operations through the hollow member. Thus the eye piece may be hinged on the hollow member and movable between said closed position, in which it effectively seals the rear end of the hollow member, and an open position allowing access to the interior of the hollow member.

Preferably illumination means extends into the hollow member conveniently in the form of a light pipe directing light towards the front end, conveniently having an exterior connection to enable it to be connected by a flexible conduit to a remote light source.

Preferably means is provided to enable air or liquid to be withdrawn from the annular chamber, to allow the device to be secured by suction to an internal body organ, ensuring stability between the body organ and the device, enabling a surgeon to perform an operation on the organ through the hollow body.

Conveniently such means may be provided by the connection means by which fluid under pressure may be admitted to the annular chamber, as described above, and conveniently the means to withdraw fluid from the chamber may be provided by reversing the bulb, so that it sucks rather than blows.

Preferably however connection means is provided by which the annuiar chamber may be connected to a source of vacuum.

Preferably in addition connection means is provided by which the annular chamber may be connected to a remote source of fluid under pressure.

Preferably means is provided to enable the annular chamber to be connected selectively to a bulb, as aforesaid, or to a remote supply of fluid under pressure, or to a supply of vacuum.

Conveniently the hollow member is tubular, preferable being of circular cross-section, although if desired, the hollow member may be of elliptical cross-section. According to this invention there is also provided a method of performing an operation involving the making of an incision in the abdomen wall, and inserting through the incision a device as set out above.

There will now be given a detail description, to be read with reference to the accompanying drawings, of a surgical device which is a preferred embodiment of this invention, having been selected for the purposes of illustrating the invention by way of example.

The accompanying drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a schematic sectional view of the preferred embodiment; and

FIGURE 2 is a part view illustrating part of a modification of the preferred embodiment.

The device which is the preferred embodiment of the invention is a surgical device for carrying out either a visual exploration of the body cavity, or an operation on an internal body organ, or both, and comprises an elongate hollow member 4, preferably of stainless steel, having a forward section 5 and a rear section 6 secured together by a rubber sleeve 7. The forward section 5 has an open front end 8, and is provided in twin-walled construction, having an outer wall 10 and an inner wall 12 defining an annular chamber 14 therebetween, the inner wall 12 being chamfered as shown, and terminating slightly rearwardly of the termination of the outer wall 10.

Extending through the outer wall 10 from the chamber 14 is a hollow stem pipe 16 to which an air bulb 18 may be connected to the hollow member 4 by a rubber hose 20. The air bulb is provided with a one way valve 21, allowing air to be drawn into the air bulb and fed through the hose 20 and stem pipe 16 into the chamber 14 under a slight pressure, by squeezing of the air bulb.

Projecting radially through the rear section 6 is an illumination means 30, comprising a forwardly-directed light transmitting stem 32 extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the hollow member 4, close to the inner wall thereof. The illumination means 30 comprises a connection 34. by which it may be connected, by means of a flexible connection, to an exterior light source, causing light to be emitted along the hollow member 4 towards the open front end 8 thereof.

Releasable mounted on the end of the rear section 6 is an eye piece 40, the eye piece 40 comprising a transparent plate 42, effectively enclosing the rear end of the hollow member 4 in a substantially air tight manner.

In the use of the device which is the preferred embodiment of the invention, a surgeon will make an incision in [for example] the patients abdomen, and insert the hollow member, open end first, through the incision into the interior body cavity. With aid of light provided by the illumination means, he may view the interior of the body cavity through the eye piece 40, and advance the device towards the interior area to be explored. In the event that his vision, or advancement of the device is impaired by internal tissue, such as fat, he may squeeze the air bulb 18 to cause air to be puffed out of the annular chamber 14 surround the open front end, to blow such tissue to one side, improving visibility, and continue advancement of the device. He may thus approach an internal organ, such as the liver, and inspect it visually.

In the event that the surgeon needs to carry out a surgical operation, for example to perform a biopsy, he may visually select the area of the organ to be excised, and press the front end of the device against the organ over said area. By removal of the rubber hose 20 and connection of the stem pipe 16 to a source of vacuum, he may clamp the device onto the organ by suction against the open front end. He may then remove the eye piece 40, and enter surgical instruments along the hollow member 4 to perform the biopsy [or such other operation as he may wish] in a convenient manner, the suction between the open front end and the body organ providing adequate front end stability.

The device may also be used in principle to perform more major internal operations, for example as described in U.K. Patent Specification A- 2214428, or gynaecological operations. Further, the device may be used in the performance of laparoscopic operations, involving the entry of the device through an incision in the abdomen wall, and, either viewing the location of internal organs through the device, to enable an air needle safely to be admitted to the peritoneal cavity for the admission of air under pressure thereto, or if desired air under pressure may be admitted to the peritoneal cavity through the annular chamber 14. Thus, a modification is shown in Figure 2, in which similar numerals with the suffix 3, have been utilised to indicate parts similar to those of the preferred embodiment, involving a connection to the stem pipe 16b. of a three-way valve 36, enabling the stem pipe selectively to be connected by the rubber hose 20b_ to a ball valve 18, or by a stem pipe 38 to a remote source of air under pressure, or by a stem pipe 40 to a remote source of vacuum.

It is to be appreciated that whilst the hollow member is described in the preferred embodiment as being of two part construction, this is not necessary. Additionally, whilst the use of air is described, other fluids may be used, including saline solution, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and the like.

The features disclosed in the foregoing description, or the following claims, or the accompanying drawings, expressed in their specific forms or in the terms or means for performing the desired function, or a method or process for attaining the disclosed result, may, separately or in any combination of such features, be utilised for realising the invention in diverse forms thereof.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1. A surgical device comprising an elongate hollow member having an open front end to enable, as the device is inserted into a body cavity, the interior of the body cavity to be viewed through the member, wherein supply means is provided to enable fluid under pressure to be ducted through the hollow elongate member.
2. A device according to Claim 1 wherein the supply means comprises a bulb having one-way valve connected to the outer region of the elongate hollow member.
3. A device according to one of Claims 1 and 2 wherein the device comprises one or more outlets extending around the central opening.
4. A device according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the hollow member is substantially enclosed other than at its forward end.
5. A device according to Claim 4 wherein the rear end of the hollow member is enclosed by an eye piece.
6. A device according to Claim 5 wherein the eye piece is removable from a position in which it closes said rear end of the hollow member to an open position to allow instruments to be inserted through the hollow member.
7. A device according to Claim 6 wherein the eye piece is hinged on the hollow member.
8. A device according to any one of the preceding claims comprising illumination means extending into the hollow member.
9. A device according to any one of the preceding claims comprising means to enable fluid to be withdrawn from the annular chamber.
10. A device according to Claim 9 comprising connection means by which the annular chamber may be connected to a source of vacuum.
11. A device according to one of Claims 9 and 10 comprising means by which the annular chamber may be connected to a source of air under pressure.
12. A device according to any one of Claims 9, 10 and 11 comprising valve means to enable the annular chamber to be connected selectively to a bulb, or to a remote supply of fluid under pressure, or to a supply of vacuum.
13. A method of performing an operation involving the step of incising the wall of the peritoneal cavity and inserting into the incision a device according to any one of the preceding claims.
PCT/GB1991/002256 1990-12-18 1991-12-17 Surgical device WO1992010969A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9027408.5 1990-12-18
GB9027408A GB9027408D0 (en) 1990-12-18 1990-12-18 Surgical device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1992010969A1 true true WO1992010969A1 (en) 1992-07-09

Family

ID=10687173

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB1991/002256 WO1992010969A1 (en) 1990-12-18 1991-12-17 Surgical device

Country Status (2)

Country Link
GB (1) GB9027408D0 (en)
WO (1) WO1992010969A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0723416A1 (en) * 1993-10-08 1996-07-31 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
US5957832A (en) * 1993-10-08 1999-09-28 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
EP1105049A2 (en) * 1998-07-22 2001-06-13 STD Manufacturing, Inc. Vascular suction cannula, dilator and surgical stapler
DE112009001261T5 (en) 2008-05-20 2011-04-07 Gyrus Medical Ltd., St. Mellons A surgical instrument
US20120197084A1 (en) * 2007-06-19 2012-08-02 Minimally Invasive Devices, Llc Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US8419624B2 (en) 2009-10-12 2013-04-16 Endoguard Limited Flow guide
US8888689B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2014-11-18 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US9050036B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2015-06-09 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Device for maintaining visualization with surgical scopes
US9078562B2 (en) 2010-01-11 2015-07-14 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US9522017B2 (en) 2010-12-03 2016-12-20 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Devices, systems, and methods for performing endoscopic surgical procedures

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR811074A (en) * 1936-08-12 1937-04-06 Apparatus for insufflation tubal, oxygen and hysterosalpingography
US3481325A (en) * 1966-03-31 1969-12-02 Jacob A Glassman Gastroscope
US3709214A (en) * 1971-10-27 1973-01-09 J Robertson Gas obturating method
US3830225A (en) * 1973-01-31 1974-08-20 J Shinnick Multiple purpose stopcock arrangement for suctioning, injection, oxygen cessory equipment
US4112932A (en) * 1977-02-24 1978-09-12 Chiulli Robert D Laparoscopic cannula
US4254762A (en) * 1979-10-23 1981-03-10 Inbae Yoon Safety endoscope system
EP0312787A1 (en) * 1987-10-21 1989-04-26 Richard Wolf GmbH Endoscopic instrument set

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR811074A (en) * 1936-08-12 1937-04-06 Apparatus for insufflation tubal, oxygen and hysterosalpingography
US3481325A (en) * 1966-03-31 1969-12-02 Jacob A Glassman Gastroscope
US3709214A (en) * 1971-10-27 1973-01-09 J Robertson Gas obturating method
US3830225A (en) * 1973-01-31 1974-08-20 J Shinnick Multiple purpose stopcock arrangement for suctioning, injection, oxygen cessory equipment
US4112932A (en) * 1977-02-24 1978-09-12 Chiulli Robert D Laparoscopic cannula
US4254762A (en) * 1979-10-23 1981-03-10 Inbae Yoon Safety endoscope system
EP0312787A1 (en) * 1987-10-21 1989-04-26 Richard Wolf GmbH Endoscopic instrument set

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0723416A1 (en) * 1993-10-08 1996-07-31 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
EP0723416A4 (en) * 1993-10-08 1998-01-07 Heartport Inc Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
US5957832A (en) * 1993-10-08 1999-09-28 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
US6508759B1 (en) * 1993-10-08 2003-01-21 Heartport, Inc. Stereoscopic percutaneous visualization system
EP1105049A2 (en) * 1998-07-22 2001-06-13 STD Manufacturing, Inc. Vascular suction cannula, dilator and surgical stapler
EP1105049A4 (en) * 1998-07-22 2007-10-17 Angiolink Corp Vascular suction cannula, dilator and surgical stapler
US9050036B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2015-06-09 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Device for maintaining visualization with surgical scopes
US20120197084A1 (en) * 2007-06-19 2012-08-02 Minimally Invasive Devices, Llc Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US9050037B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2015-06-09 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. View optimizer and stabilizer for use with surgical scopes
US9211059B2 (en) * 2007-06-19 2015-12-15 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US8888689B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2014-11-18 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US8343148B2 (en) 2008-05-20 2013-01-01 Gyrus Medical Limited Surgical instrument
DE112009001261T5 (en) 2008-05-20 2011-04-07 Gyrus Medical Ltd., St. Mellons A surgical instrument
US8419624B2 (en) 2009-10-12 2013-04-16 Endoguard Limited Flow guide
USRE46062E1 (en) 2009-10-12 2016-07-12 Endoguard Limited Flow guide
USRE46977E1 (en) 2009-10-12 2018-08-07 Endoguard Limited Flow guide
US9078562B2 (en) 2010-01-11 2015-07-14 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US9522017B2 (en) 2010-12-03 2016-12-20 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Devices, systems, and methods for performing endoscopic surgical procedures

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB9027408D0 (en) 1991-02-06 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4759348A (en) Endoscope assembly and surgical instrument for use therewith
US4646722A (en) Protective endoscope sheath and method of installing same
US5085658A (en) Neurosurgical pathological tissue removing device
US5637075A (en) Apparatus for observing inside of body cavity
US5454791A (en) Trocar with tissue penetration pressure indicator
US6039748A (en) Disposable laparoscopic morcellator
US4945895A (en) Remote fiber optic medical procedure and device
US5099827A (en) Instrument set for closing opened body organs, wounds or the like
US5441041A (en) Optical trocar
US6033426A (en) Access device for surgical treatment
US5207213A (en) Laparoscope having means for removing image impeding material from a distal lens
US6524234B2 (en) Tip portion of an endoscope
US4321915A (en) Everting tube device with relative advance control
US5273534A (en) Laparoscopic T-tube, drain and securing instrument and method therefor
US6036714A (en) Tissue separation method
US3850162A (en) Endoscope with continuous irrigation
US5716329A (en) Disposable expandable speculum
US5533496A (en) Endoscopic technique particularly suited for exploratory surgery
US6685630B2 (en) Optical trocar
US20080262302A1 (en) Endoluminal and transluminal surgical methods and devices
US20080058595A1 (en) Medical device introduction systems and methods
US20030032860A1 (en) Video rectoscope
US5133336A (en) Disposable liquid supply system for use in an endoscope
US6338717B1 (en) Tip of ultrasonic endoscope
US5188595A (en) Method for enhanced retention of balloon catheter in body cavity

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): GB JP US

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IT LU MC NL SE

DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase