WO1987003839A1 - Manufacture of fibreboard - Google Patents

Manufacture of fibreboard Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1987003839A1
WO1987003839A1 PCT/SE1986/000522 SE8600522W WO8703839A1 WO 1987003839 A1 WO1987003839 A1 WO 1987003839A1 SE 8600522 W SE8600522 W SE 8600522W WO 8703839 A1 WO8703839 A1 WO 8703839A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
fibres
outer layers
fibre
moisture ratio
central layer
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE1986/000522
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
K. Gunnar M. Gran
Original Assignee
Sunds Defibrator Aktiebolag
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE8506018A priority Critical patent/SE8506018L/en
Priority to SE8506018-4 priority
Application filed by Sunds Defibrator Aktiebolag filed Critical Sunds Defibrator Aktiebolag
Publication of WO1987003839A1 publication Critical patent/WO1987003839A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27NMANUFACTURE BY DRY PROCESSES OF ARTICLES, WITH OR WITHOUT ORGANIC BINDING AGENTS, MADE FROM PARTICLES OR FIBRES CONSISTING OF WOOD OR OTHER LIGNOCELLULOSIC OR LIKE ORGANIC MATERIAL
    • B27N3/00Manufacture of substantially flat articles, e.g. boards, from particles or fibres
    • B27N3/08Moulding or pressing
    • B27N3/10Moulding of mats

Abstract

Fiberboards are manufactured by defibration of fibre material, admixture of binding agent, drying of the fibres and forming of a fibre mat, which is pressed to boards. The fibre mat is formed of two outer layers and one intermediate central layer. The fibres intended for the central layer are caused at the drying to assume a very low moisture content, suitably 2-8%, in relation to the fibres intended for the outer layers, which preferably are given a moisture content of 15-30%.

Description

Manufacture of fibreboard

This invention relates to the manufacture of fibreboard according to the dry process where the fibre material, ** for example lignocellulose -containing material, is defibrated, mixed with binding agent, dried and formed to a fibre mat, which is hot pressed. The defibra ion usually is carried out at overpressure in a defibering apparatus. Thereafter binding agent is admixed to the defibrated material, which admixing preferably can be made in connection with the blowing of the fibres out of the defibering apparatus to a fibre dryer.

At the manufacture of fibreboard according to this method, especially at the manufacture of so-called MDF-board

( DP = Medium Density Fibreboard), fibres with resin added usually dried in a suitable dryer, normally a tube-type dryer, to a moisture ratio in the range 10-15S. The drying hereby proceeds very rapidly. The entire drying time is of the magnitude 5 seconds. The dried fibresare then intermediately stored in a buffer bin and thereafter formed in a forming station to a substantially homogeneous mat.This mat is pre-pressed in cold state in a continuous pre-press and possibly additionally pre-pressed in a discontinuous platen pre-press, after the continuous mat had been divided into adequately long pieces to fit into the subsequent hot press.

In certain cases - especially in factories with high production capacity - the fibre preparation, inclusive of defibrating, adding resin, drying and intermediate storage, is carried out in two or more production lines, and the fibre mat is formed in forming stations with at least three forming • units, whereby a non-homogeneous, but symmetrical mat can be built up. The mat in principle can consist of two outer layers with one (or several) intermediate layers. The fibres in the outer and, respectively, intermediate layers can be slightly different in respect of, for example, raw material-comprised therein, fibre coarseness, resin amount and resin type. In some cases resin can be added to the fibres for the intermediate layer after the drying.

The fibre mat is formed in a forming station, to which the fibres are transported by air from the buffer bin. The transporting air entirely or partially will be sucked through the fibre mat formed in the forming station when the mat is precipitated on a wire cloth with suction boxes arranged therebeneath. The fibre mat formed normally will have a relatively uniform moisture ratio from the upper surface to the lower one.

At the manufacture of particle board, chip mats usually are formed in three layers, and the chips for the two outer layers are given a higher moisture ratio than the chips for the intermediate layer. This is possible as the chip mat is formed on a conveyor belt of reinforced plastic or steel without air passage therethrough. This non-homogeneous moisture distribution has a positive effect at the subsequent hot pressing due to the so-called steam jet effect. At fibre mats it is difficult to bring about a corresponding non-homogeneous moisture distribution. Many tests have been made to bring about by different methods outer layers having a higher moisture ratio than the intermediate layer. It is, for example, relatively easy to increase the moisture ratio in the upper outer layer by spraying water on the upper surface of the mat. Attempts have also been made to spray water on the lower surface- of the mat, but these attempts usually failed due to the difficulty of keeping the moist lower surface intact when the mat and, respectively, the sheet is transported to and into the hot press.

At the pressing of fibre sheets with homogeneous moisture ratio it was found, that the outer layers become pre-cured, as it is called. This pre-curing expresses itself in that the outermost parts of the outer layers become dried-out, and that the resin there can cure before a sufficiently high pressure was obtained at the hot pressing. The very outer¬ most layers of the boards thereby assume a lop.se structure and, therefore, must be ground off. Under laboratory condit¬ ions it is easy to moist both the upper and the lower surface of a fibre sheet. Such experiments have shown that a possible moistening of the sheet surfaces results in decreasing the pre-curing and shortening the pressing time.

The homogeneous moisture distribution in the fibre sheet, besides, seems to have another effect on the completed boards. At hot pressing without using high-frequency heating (HF), the moisture in the outer layers of the sheet is driven inward to the centre of the sheet. Subsequent to the hot pressing, the boards usually are stored for some days in order to render possible balancing of the moisture in the boards between the outer and intermediate layers. It was now found that the moisture not even at storage during a very long time is balanced completely. The outer layers, which were dried out at the hot pressing, maintain a slightly lower moisture ratio than the central layer, which in its turn implies that stresses remain in the board even after a long storage time.

It was found that this permanent difference in moisture content is less pronounced when the outer layers at the hot pressing had been more moist than the central layer. It would, therefore, be of importance to be able to form and press sheets with a non-homogeneous moisture ratio distribution, so that the outer layers are more moist than the central layers when the sheet is introduced into the hot press. This, however, is difficult as reported above.

The present invention provides a method to overcome the aforesaid problem. The fibre mat, thus, is formed of two outer layers and one (or more) intermediate central layers, and the fibres intended for the central layer are caused at the drying to assume a very low moisture ratio, suitably 2-8?, in relation to the fibres intended for the outer layers. The lastmentioned fibres preferably are given a moisture ratio of 15-30?.

In factories with at least two fibre preparation lines, this involves no difficulty. It is there easy to dry in one line fibres to a relatively high moisture ratio and in a second line to dry fibres to a low moisture ratio.

In factories with only one fibre preparation line, according to the invention the problem can be solved by after-drying the fibre to be used for the central layer. The entire fibre amount is dried to a high moisture ratio, for example 25?, intended for the outer layer, whereafter about half the total fibre amount - intended for the central layer - is after-dried in a separate dryer, which must not be much greater than the pipe normally used for transporting central layer fibres from the buffer bin to the forming station. This tubular dryer intended for after-drying can be equipped with a cyclone for separating fibres from the transport drying air, but this must not necessarily be the case. Rough estimates have shown that the total heat requirement for the drying is less than or about equal to what is required at conventional drying of fibres for forming a fibre mat with homogeneous moisture ratio. The forming of the fibre mat is carried out in the normal way, but one prerequisite is that the forming station is equipped with at least three forming units (forming heads).

The advantages of the method according to the invention can be summarized as follows:

- Slightly less drying energy requirement

Reduced pre-curing of the outer layers of the boards by a higher moisture ratio in the outer layers at the hot pressing

Shorter pressing time due to improved heat transfer because of the difference in moisture ratio between outer and central layers (steam jet effect) - More uniform balance moisture ratio in the different layers o.f the completed board due to the fact, that the central layer at the beginning of the hot pressing had- very low moisture ratio and the outer layer had a very high one

- Improved dimension stability due to said more uniform balance moisture ratio

- The hot press usually being the bottle-neck in the factory,the production capacity of the factory is higher due to the shorter pressing times.

Especially when the fibres for the central layer are after- -dried, the fibres can come to the forming station at a higher temperature, 4θ-6θ°C compared to normally 25-35°C This implies, that less thermal energy is required for heating the central layer than what normally is required, which also contributes to shortening the pressing time and reducing the heat requirement at the hot pressing.

When the forming proceeds slowly, there can be a certain tendency for balancing moisture and temperature in the different layers of the fibre mat. This tendency can be counteracted in that the different layers are formed separ¬ ately and then combined first after the sucking-through of air has ceased, either continuously or by stacking in a way known per se.

The invention, of course, is not restricted to the embodim¬ ents described above, but can be varied within the scope of the invention.

Claims

Claims
1. A method of manufacturing fibreboard according to the dry process, comprising defibration of fibre material at overpressure in steam atmosphere in a defibering apparatus, admixing of binding agent to the defibrated material, forming of a fibre mat and hot pressing the same, c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that the fibre mat is formed of two outer layers with a moisture ratio- of 15-30? and at least one inter¬ mediate central layer with a moisture ratio of 2-8?, that all fibres first are dried to the higher moisture ratio intended for the outer layers and thereafter are divided into three or more partial flows, and that the fibres to form the central layer are passed through an after-drying for assuming the desired lower moisture ratio in relation to the fibres for the outer layers.
2. A method as defined in claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e i n that the outer layers and, respectively, central layer are formed separately and thereafter combined to a fibre mat, .which in respect of the moisture content is non-homogeneous, for example by stacking or in some other way.
PCT/SE1986/000522 1985-12-19 1986-11-13 Manufacture of fibreboard WO1987003839A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE8506018A SE8506018L (en) 1985-12-19 1985-12-19 Until the Tell-up of fiberboard
SE8506018-4 1985-12-19

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1987900304 DE288474T1 (en) 1985-12-19 1986-11-13 Manufacture of fiber carton.
NO873275A NO873275D0 (en) 1985-12-19 1987-08-05 Process for preparing fiber boards.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1987003839A1 true WO1987003839A1 (en) 1987-07-02

Family

ID=20362524

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/SE1986/000522 WO1987003839A1 (en) 1985-12-19 1986-11-13 Manufacture of fibreboard

Country Status (7)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0288474A1 (en)
JP (1) JPS63502651A (en)
AU (1) AU6771387A (en)
DE (1) DE288474T1 (en)
NO (1) NO873275D0 (en)
SE (1) SE8506018L (en)
WO (1) WO1987003839A1 (en)

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US7677001B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring systems and methods for installation
US7739849B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2010-06-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US7757452B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2010-07-20 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US7779596B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2010-08-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US7841144B2 (en) 2005-03-30 2010-11-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US7845140B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-12-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US7886497B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2011-02-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US7926234B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2011-04-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards with decorative grooves
US8028486B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2011-10-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US8042484B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2011-10-25 Valinge Innovation Ab Appliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8215078B2 (en) 2005-02-15 2012-07-10 Välinge Innovation Belgium BVBA Building panel with compressed edges and method of making same
US8245477B2 (en) 2002-04-08 2012-08-21 Välinge Innovation AB Floorboards for floorings
US8250825B2 (en) 2001-09-20 2012-08-28 Välinge Innovation AB Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US8833029B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2014-09-16 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US8850769B2 (en) 2002-04-15 2014-10-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards for floating floors
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8904729B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-12-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9115500B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2015-08-25 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9169658B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2015-10-27 Kronotec Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9322183B2 (en) 2004-01-13 2016-04-26 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9816278B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2017-11-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture

Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU619355A1 (en) * 1976-10-05 1978-08-15 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Деревообрабатывающей Промышленности Method of making laminated wood chip board
WO1983004387A1 (en) * 1982-06-07 1983-12-22 Sunds Defibrator Ab A method of making fibreboards by the dry method technique

Patent Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU619355A1 (en) * 1976-10-05 1978-08-15 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Деревообрабатывающей Промышленности Method of making laminated wood chip board
WO1983004387A1 (en) * 1982-06-07 1983-12-22 Sunds Defibrator Ab A method of making fibreboards by the dry method technique

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
DERWENT'S ABSTRACT No 1979-45317B & SU,A,619355 *
Paperchem's Abstract No 38-00254, Khim Pererabotka i Zashchita Drevesiny, Riga, Akad Nauk Latv SSR, 1964:213-23 (Russ) *
Paperchem's Abstract No 43-00462, Derevoobrabat Prom 20 No 10: 3-4 (Oct, 1971) (Russ) *

Cited By (59)

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US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US8234831B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2012-08-07 Välinge Innovation AB Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US7779596B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2010-08-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8011155B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2011-09-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9677285B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-06-13 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US9388585B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9376823B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-06-28 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9856657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-01-02 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9482013B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-11-01 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US10125498B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-11-13 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9624676B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2017-04-18 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9234356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-01-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering
US8904729B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-12-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9068356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2015-06-30 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388586B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9394699B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US8584423B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2013-11-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US8028486B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2011-10-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US8250825B2 (en) 2001-09-20 2012-08-28 Välinge Innovation AB Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US7926234B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2011-04-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards with decorative grooves
US8683698B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2014-04-01 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for making floorboards with decorative grooves
US7757452B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2010-07-20 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US8245477B2 (en) 2002-04-08 2012-08-21 Välinge Innovation AB Floorboards for floorings
US8850769B2 (en) 2002-04-15 2014-10-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards for floating floors
US7739849B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2010-06-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US8833029B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2014-09-16 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US9169658B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2015-10-27 Kronotec Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US7845140B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-12-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US7677001B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring systems and methods for installation
US7886497B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2011-02-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US8293058B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2012-10-23 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US8613826B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2013-12-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US9322183B2 (en) 2004-01-13 2016-04-26 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US8042484B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2011-10-25 Valinge Innovation Ab Appliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US9623433B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2017-04-18 Valinge Innovation Ab Appliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US8215078B2 (en) 2005-02-15 2012-07-10 Välinge Innovation Belgium BVBA Building panel with compressed edges and method of making same
US7841144B2 (en) 2005-03-30 2010-11-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9816278B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2017-11-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9115500B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2015-08-25 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
SE8506018L (en) 1987-06-20
AU6771387A (en) 1987-07-15
SE8506018D0 (en) 1985-12-19
NO873275D0 (en) 1987-08-05
DE288474T1 (en) 1989-02-16
JPS63502651A (en) 1988-10-06
EP0288474A1 (en) 1988-11-02
NO873275L (en) 1987-08-05

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