TITLE: ENERGY-GENERATION SYSTEM HAVING HIGHER ENERGY OUTPUT THAN INPUT
* BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:
1. Field of the Invention:
The present invention relates generally to devices or 5 systems (including methods) for generating useable energy such as for example electrical energy from electromagnetic fields, electrical energy or electromagnetic fields from ' matter, and more particularly to devices or systems (inclu¬ ding methods) for producing electrical current flow for use 10 as electrical power, and magnetic fields of force which cause motion (obvious work) or electrical current flow or for increasing electromagnetic potential energy available for use or mechanical energy available for use.
15 2. Prior Art:
There have been many devices proposed over the years for producing electrical energy, with mechanical friction, thermo-electricity, photoelectricity, piezoelectricity, electrochemisty and electromagnetic induction being the
20 chief forms of primary energy capable of producing elec¬ tricity. Of these, the only significant source of commercial
r*P- electrical power has been the mechanical actions of electric generators, and for mobile electric power the chemical action of batteries has been important. Usable motion has
25 resulted from the . interactions between the input of electri¬ cal energy and the magnetic and/or electromagnetic fields of
force (electric motors) and heat or light as a result of input of electrical current through conventional mechanical systems, heaters, lightbulbs, etc.
All of the prior art systems are designed accordingly to rigid mathematical laws taught both in physics and electrical engineering which coincide with the hypothesis rigidly accepted by the industrial and scientific communi¬ ties concerning the Second Law of Thermodynamics (1850).
From the foregoing generally accepted hypothesis it has also been generally accepted and rigidly taught in physics and electrical engineering that the electric current flowing in a closed circuit from a battery, electric generator, etc. is used up in the mechanical device being operated by this flow of electric current, and that all such electric current producing systems would only put out at most work equal to the work initially put into the system, or in accordance with generally accepted laws stating that a particular electrical generating system was only capable of a given output of energy and no more.
These beliefs have till this date still remained rigid in both the industrial and scientific communities in spite
2 of proof of Einstein's equation of E=MC . Nuclear reactors convert matter into usable electromagnetic energy in the form of heat, which converts water into steam to turn conventional turbines for production of electric current by conventional electrical generating means. This system is
extremely inefficient using less than 1% of the energy of the atom and producing a deluge of contaminated materials which has caused a serious problem as to safe disposal.
Additionally, the basic electrical generators is use throughout the world today utilize the principle of causing relative movement between an electrical conductor (for example a rotor) and a magnetic field produced by a magnet or an electromagnet (for example a stator), all using the generally accepted hypothesis that the greater the relative speed or movement between the two are concerned and the more normal or perpendicular the relative movement of the conduc¬ tive material to the lines of force of the electromagnetic field, the greater will be the efficiency of the prior art electrical generator. Additionally, all of the prior art systems are based on the generally accepted hypothesis that the greater the electrical conductivity of the material being moved through the field, the more efficient will be the electrical generation.
From the foregoing generally accepted hypotheses, it also has been generally accepted that there should always be movement between, for example, the rotor and stator ele¬ ments, and that only generally accepted electrical conduc- tors, that is materials with high electrical conductivity, will effectively serve in an electrical generation system.
However, in one of the systems (Figure 3) of the present invention, electrical generation can occur with
relatively static elements and with materials that are not generally considered to be of high electrical conductivity, although, of course, the present invention likewise can utilize relatively moving elements as well as materials of generally accepted high electrical conductivity, if so desired, as occurs in the systems of the present invention illustrated in Figures 5 and 6.
The prior art has failed to understand certain physical aspects of matter and the makeup of electromagnetic fields, which failure is corrected by the present invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS:
For a further understanding of the nature and objects of the present invention, reference should be had to the " following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like parts are given like reference numerals and wherein:
Figure 1 is a schematic, side view in generalized, representational form of a first embodiment of an electrical generator based on the principles and guidelines of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a close-up view in general form of an electrical charge pick-up element which can be used in the generator illustrated in Figure 1. Figure 3 is a schematic view in generalized, represen¬ tational form of a second embodiment of an electrical generator based on the principles and guidelines of the present invention.
Figure 4 is a schematic view in generalized, represen- tational form of the negative and positive particles exhibi¬ ting gyroscopic actions which emanate from a magnet to form an electromagnetic field.
Figures 5 and 6 are schematic views in generalized, representational form of third and fourth embodiments of a combined electrical generator and motor utilizing a static, relatively large coil energized by a relatively low current driving a rotatable magnet, wherein in the embodiment of Figure 5 the rotatable magnet is positioned along side of the coil and in the embodiment of Figure 6 the rotatable magnet is positioned within the open core of the coil. ^
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF-PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS:
-Basic Principles and Guidelines-
In accordance with the principles of the present invention and as generally illustrated in Figure 3, an electromagnetic field 10 comprises flows of quanta or particles 20, 30 of electrical energy flowing from each of the poles 21, 31 of a magnet (or electromagnet) -40 to the other pole, following the "lines of force" 11 of the electromagnetic field. These particles 20, 30, believed to be traveling at the speed of light, are always coming out of one end 21, 31, respectively, of the magnet 4-0 and going into the other pole 31, 21, respectively, flowing from a relatively high energy source to a low energy source.
These particles 20, 30 are, it is believed, negative and positive charges and have a spin producing a gyroscopic motion and follow the mechanical laws of gyroscopic action. The mass of each of the particles 20, 30 equals the energy of the particle divided by the speed of light squared. The peripheral speed of the gyroscopic spin of the particles is believed to be the speed of light.
For purposes of illustration only and as a matter of nomenclature, the positive charge particle 20 is going in one direction ("N" to "S") with a clockwise spin, and the negative charge particle 30 is going in the opposite direction with a couter-clockwise spin. Of course, if a particle such as 20 or 30 is flipped around one-hun- dred-and-eighty degrees , it becomes the opposite charge or
type of particle.
The electromagnetic field 10 is thus the orderly flow of the positive and negative charges 20, 30 moving at the speed of light from the north and south poles 21, 31, to the south and north poles 31, 21, respectively, and follow the paths of what is termed in the art as the "lines of force" 11 of the electromagnetic field 10.
As is known from the laws of gyroscopes, a gyroscopic particle or body moves at right angles to the direction of an applied force. Therefore, when a force is applied to the electrical energy particles 20, 30, they will move at right angles to that force.
It should also be noted from known gyroscopic laws that the electrical energy particles 20, 30, when they move with their gyroscopic axis straight into an object, tend to knock that object straight, but,' if that object hits the particles at an angle to the axis other than at zero or one-hun- dred-and-eighty degrees, the particles are moved off at an angle from the straight. Additionally, it is noted that a magnetic field caused by a current flowing through a wire comes from negative and positive particles, such as 20, 30, with a net flow of such particles going in the same direction but with opposite spin. In the system and method of the present invention, the foregoing principles serve as guidelines in the present invention.
Reference is further had to pages DD23 thru DD27 of the Disclosure Document and to page 8, line 26 through page 11,
line 23 of the prior application Serial number 25,907 and its Figures 7 - 10.
From the foregoing disclosures, many different devices, structures, and methods are possible to embody the princi- 5 pies and guidelines of the system of the present invention, which will in general utilize a material or substance or structure to place a force at the proper angle to the gyroscopic particles 20 , 30 wherein the particles 20, 30 follow a path or paths which do not cancel one another out, -jO thereby producing electrxcal current at appropriate outputs for further use or for increasing available potential electrical energy for ultimate use.
-First Embodiment (Figure 1)- 15 One possible, exemplary embodiment using the principles of the system' of the present invention is schematically shown in the generalized illustration of Figure 1.
As illustrated in Figure 1, there is provided an electrical current generator 100 comprising an outer keeper 20 housing 115 and an inner, pressure containing, closed housing 116 supported therein by insulating supports 105. A vacuum exists in the area 106 between the two housings 115, 116, which vacuum is regulated and induced by means of the vacuum line 104 with its gauge 107 and its control valve 25108. The outer housing 115 acts as a keeper for magnetic fields of force, and can be made for example of soft iron, while the vacuum in area 106 prevents the leakage or discharge of static electrical charges which might build up on the exterior of the inner housing 116.
A gas or gas-liquid mixture 117 which may also include solid particles such as for example lead or brass filings, is included within the inner housing 116 surrounding a series of aligned magnets 120 carried by insulating braces or supports 121 and producing a high, combined electromag¬ netic field. The magnets 120, which can for example be cryogenic magnets, have their "north" and "south" poles aligned (as illustrated by the "Ns" and "Ss") so that their magnetic fields reinforce one another. The level of the gas or gas-liquid mixture 117 in the housing 116 is regulated by means of the line 122 with its gauge 123 and control valve 124. Electric current output wires 119 are provided and extend down to electrically connect with a wire pick-up system 118 (shown in close-up in Figure 2), which can be for example in the form of very small wires forming a closely spaced network or mesh or of a porous conducting metal body or sheet, located in and extended throughout the fluid 117 in the housing 116.
It is noted that a thimbleful of gas contains a fantastically large number of extremely tiny bodies which are in continuous, random motion moving at extremely high speeds. Hence, the fluid 117 continuously applies a force to the gyroscopic particles (analogous to particles 20, 30 of Figure 3) moving at the speed of light ' in the high electromagnetic field (produced by the magnets 120) as they continuously collide with each other, which results in the fluid 117 becoming electrically charged. The charged fluid 117 discharges its electrical charge to the pick-up wire network 118 positioned in the fluid, and the electric
current so produced and generated is ts en off for use via the electrical output wires 119.
As an alternative to having internally contained mag¬ nets 120, the electromagnetic field needed in the fluid 117 could be produced by a source located outside of the confines of the fluid 117 as long as a significant field was produced within the fluid 117.
-Second Embodiment (Figure 3)- A further exemplary, generalized embodiment utilizing the principles of the system of the present invention is shown in schematic form in Figure 3.
The electrical current generator 200 of Figure 3 comprises an extended member 201 of a special material having its atoms especially aligned to produce electric current when positioned in an electromagnetic field but which does not on its own exhibit any substantial magnetic field outside of its boundary surfaces but substantially contains the field within itself. This is in contrast to
"magnetic" materials which likewise have atom alignment but which also exhibit or produce a substantial magnetic field in the area surrounding it.
The generator 200 further comprises for example two magnets 202, 203, with their north and south poles facing each other, with the member 201 positioned between them, and with the three elements 201-203 held static with respect to each other. Because of the special nature of the material of the member 201 and its special atom alignment, it will produce a direct current through output line 204 as a result of the gyroscopic actions of the particles of the electro-
magnetic field 205 produced by the facing magnets 202, 203, on the especially aligned atoms in member 201, which phenomenon occurs even when and even though the member 201 • is completely static with respect to the magnets 212, 203. 5 However, it may be desirable in some applications to allow or produce some relative movement between the generator elements 201-203.
The output line 204 extends to an appropriate "load" 206 for using the electrical current generated by the o generator 200. A return line 207 completes the circuit back to the member 201.
Based on experiments to date, it is believed that brass and lead are materials which can have their atoms especially aligned to interact with the gyroscopic particles (analogous 5 to particles 20, 30) flowing between the magnets 202, 203 and will substantially contain within their surface boun¬ daries the magnetic field produced by the aligned atoms or molecules.
With respect to producing the proper material with atom 0 alignment for the member 201, it is noted that most materials seem to align their atoms in random directions when formed by conventional methods of production. However, it can be observed that certain materials can be made magnetic by putting the material in an electromagnetic field 5 while cooling from a temperature of around a thousand degrees Centigrade. The magnetism is the result of atom alignment of the material in a given direction (see pages DD19 thru DD21 of the Disclosure Document.) All materials are affected so as to align parallel or across lines of
force when in a powerful electromagnetic field. Accordingly, if a material while being formed is cooled in an extremely powerful electromagnetic field, the atoms of the material will take a particular alignment. The atom alignment direc- tion could be varied depending on whether the electromag¬ netic field was aligned with the material or at a ninety degree angle to the material. This would result in the atoms of a material having their particular electromagnetic spin direction primarily along the same axis. However, merely having atom alignment is not suf¬ ficient. Additionally the material for the invention should be such that it exhibits very little if any magnetic field in the area surrounding it. Thus it should be noted that the exterior electromagnetic field that occurs from the atom alignment of the conventional magnet is not duplicated in the material of the invention, because the electromagnetic energy resulting from atom alignment in the material of the invention will be primarily contained within the boundaries of the material. It is believed that lead, made superconduc- tive by emersion in a bath of for example liquid helium, is such a special material and could for example serve as the material for member 201.
This then results in having a material which would place a force at the proper angle on the gyroscopic type particles moving in the electromagnetic field so as to cause an EMF to be produced even when the material was sitting still. (See also first paragraph of page DD23 and paragraphs four, A through E, of page DD19 of the Disclosure Document.)
It is believed that high, contained pressures, s well
as other methods, can also probably produce atom alignment as the atoms of a conductor or any material will react to sufficient external force. (See first paragraph of page DD35 of the Disclosure Document.) This possibility is also indicated by the fact that hard knocks or impacts will demagnetize a magnet.
The proper procedure of material production in achiev¬ ing atom alignment with internally contained fields of force will cause the controlled release of electrical energy in electromagnetic fields of force when the material of the invention is placed in the lines of force of the electromag¬ netic field.
-Third and Fourth Embodiments (Figures 5 and 6)-
A. Related Principles
1. Numerous scientific tests and experiments made by the inventor indicate- that the magnetic field resulting from an electrical current flowing through a conductor is the result of atom alignment within that conductor at an ex¬ tremely fast speed with an ability to reverse atom alignment just as rapidly without the magnetic hysteresis associated with conventional materials considered "magnetic." Prior to this time it has been believed and taught by the scientific community that the magnetic field associated with an elec¬ tric current carrying conductor was the result of the electric current itself and not of the conductor material, for example copper, which was considered to be "nonmag¬ netic. "
Even the inventor was influenced and mislead by these teachings and attempted to mechanically explain and justify the prior teachings, as is seen on page DD-27 of the
Disclosure Document which is an important part of this patent application.
However, as taught in the present invention, what mechanically happens is that the gyroscopic particles making up the electric current moving in a conductor interact with the electromagnetic makeup of the atoms of the conductor, causing them to align extremely rapidly, thereby then releasing some of their electromagnetic make-up in the form of a magnetic field exactly as explained in great detail for conventional magnetic materials in the Disclosure Document.
This is easily proven and understood by taking for example a size "14" guage conductor one foot long, winding it into a coil and connecting the coil to a meter and a 1.5 volt battery. The total current registered on the meter will be 1.5 volts and the strength of the magnetic field created from the short conductor will be extremely small. Next, the same type of test is run again but with the length of the conductor increased to for example two thousand feet, but still in a coil . The total current registered on the meter will now be considerably less , but the strength of the magnetic field given off from the conductor will now be extremely large !
This shows that the magnetic field is not from the
electric current flow, but is the result of the interactions of the gyroscopic particles which make up the electric current interacting with the atoms of the conductor! This causes the gyroscopic particles of the electric current not 5 to be able to make the circuit back to the battery so quickly, and therefore the meter shows less current used.
The magnetic field is the result of the atom alignment of the conductor. The more atoms in a conductor (up to a 0point), the stronger the magnetic field produced from a given amount of electric current input. Again, this is proven by changing the diameter of the conducting wires, and, with the lengths being the same, the strongest magnetic field will result from the conductor with the largest 5diameter. The reason for this is that there are more conducting atoms to interact with the gyroscopic particles of the electric current moving through the conductor, which results in a greater number of conducting atoms being aligned, thereby then releasing some of their electromagne- øtic make-up, exactly as has been explained in great detail in the Disclosure Document as being possible for all matter.
If the magnetic field produced was strictly based on the amount of current going through a conductor, as taught 5in the prior art, then the strongest magnetic field would result when current went through a large diameter and short length conductor, because the current flow through the entire circuit is greatest at that time. However, experi¬ ments prove that the shorter a conductor is made, the
greater the current flow through the entire circuit and the less strength of the magnetic field surrounding that con¬ ductor. The longer that same conductor is made (up to a point) , the greater the magnetic field surrounding the total mass of the conductor and the less current that makes the complete circuit of the entire system. Reason: more atoms!
2. Numerous scientific tests and experiments made by the inventor also indicate that the magnetic field created when an electric current moves in a conductor does not use up measurable energy when performing obvious or unobvious work, force or power. This is true no matter how strong or how immense the power of the motor or electromagnets is. Reason: the magnetic field coming from the conductor is the result of extremely quick atom alignment within that conduc¬ tor. Therefore the energy in the magnetic field is the energy that makes up the atoms of the conductor ! This energy
2 is litterally Einstein's equation of E=MC , and therefore the energy is believed to be moving at the speed of light. This energy use cannot be measured by today's measuring instruments. This has been explained in great detail in the Disclosure Document and is believed to be true of all matter!
3. The same is true for the electric current that comes from a conventional battery. The electromagnetic energy coming from the battery is the energy that makes up the atoms of the material of the battery! Again this energy use is not measurable by today's measuring instruments. Electric
meters of all types are simply mechanical devices which measure the amount of electric current that comes into that instrument. They do not measure the amount of mass that has been converted into electromagnetic energy.
Present teachings in science state that the electric energy flowing from a battery is used up in the device operated by that flow of electric current. This is not true at all! The electromagnetic energy released from the atom make-up of a battery has a relatively infinite capacity to do obvious work, force, or power.
This is easily proven even with a small motor and a 1.5 volt battery. With a battery connected to motor to operate it and with a meter to take readings, the motor is then physically stopped from turning by physically holding or restraining the shaft. At that moment the motor is perform¬ ing no obvious work, force or power, but the meter will register a greater flow of current. The magnets of the motor can be taken out and the reading will still be the same. If the electric current was being used to operate the motor, the meter would register more current when the motor was running.
The electric current not only will operate the motor but, once it flows through the complete circuit back to the battery, it also does additional work based on Faraday's Laws of Electrolysis within the battery itself. What has happened is that the electromagnetic energy released from
the atoms of the material of the battery once they have completed the circuit, then take a "short cut" and move large pieces' of the mass of one material of the battery over to the other material of the battery. The inventor has stated and shown throughout the Disclosure Document that the effect of gravity was the unobvious effect of electromag¬ netic energy. Once the materials of the battery have combined, the extreme desire for the two materials to merge is physically reduced. These materials will attempt this merger anyway possible and, if the electric current ini¬ tially released from a battery is not allowed by mechanical means to complete the circuit back within itself, the electromagnetic energy then in the mechanical means will perpetually (in a relative, theoretical sense) perform obvious work, force or power. The reason: the force which initiated this flow of current (electromagnetic make-up of atoms of material) is constant, similar to hydraulic pres¬ sure, with the noticeable exception that it is moving it is believed at the speed of light and will interact with the electromagnetic make-up of the atoms of other materials, causing them to release some of their electromagnetic make-up in the form of a magnetic field. This then multiples the capacity for doing obvious or unobvious work, force or power, which can then react with another conducting coil or with the electromagnetic energy within the magnetic field of a conventional magnet and multiply this effect even further, and on and on and on for a relatively unlimited source of energy.
The same is true in not letting the current get back to
a conventional generator. If a mechanical means is set up so that the electric current is "trapped," without completing a circuit, the gyroscopic particles of the current have a capacity for continuous work without increasing the power input into the generator system. However, if the circuit is complete and the electric current moving in the system does absolutely no obvious work, power or force, the gyroscopic particles making up the current on getting back to the generator will then increase the need for more power input into the system. Reason: the opposing effect of magnetic fields as defined in Lentz' s Law. This law is simply an observation of this effect, which before now has never been fully understood.
4. Numerous scientific tests and experiments made by the inventor also indicate that there is a correlation between the electromagnetic spin orientation of the atoms of nonconductors, semi-conductors, and conductors, and the varying results achieved with an electric current in attemp- ting to move through these materials, or when moving these materials through a magnetic field attempting to induce electric current.
The property of resistance to electric current movement is generally speaking the same type factor already explained above for electric current producing a magnetic field when moving in a conductor.
The gyroscopic particles in a moving electric current interact with the atoms of the material through which the current is moving. Each atom can efficiently only interact
with -- a. exact maximum amount of electric current, and, if exceeded, there is an interruption of orderly movement. Then the angle of release of the gyroscopic particles from the atoms are such that the electromagnetic release from those atoms are in the form of heat, exactly as explained in great detail in the Disclosure Document. This effect is easily observed by the fact that resistance decreases relative to an increase of the cross-section of the material. Reason: simply, more atoms within that given area, and, for a fixed input of electric current, there are more atoms to receive and interact efficiently with the gyroparticles making up the electric current.
Again the same is true for resistors designed for deliberately producing heat. Such resistors are not ma- terials which are considered good conductors of electric current. It is stated and shown in great detail in the Disclosure Document that the electromagnetic spin orienta¬ tion of the atoms of a nonconductor are different from that of conductor atoms, and therefore different results will occur from the same inputs of electromagnetic energy.
This is easily seen by the fact that, in a resistor, for a given amount of electric current input, the heat release increases as the diameter increases. What that means is that the property of resistance has decreased. On a conductor it is just the opposite. If the diameter is increased the resistance is decreased, but so is heat release. Again, this is an indication that the gyroparticles in the electric current movement interact with each atom of
This same effect shows up again in conventional elec¬ trical induction from a conductor interacting with a mag¬ netic field. Experiments by the inventor have indicated that the property of conventional induction is the result of the same property of resistance.
If one increases the diameter of a conductor, lengths staying the same, one decreases the amount of electric current produced relative to the total number of atoms within the conductors under consideration. Or, if one takes a given number of wires of the same diameter and length, and moves a magnet across them, the current produced will be considerably less, than if one takes the same diameter wire, but only one wire, and increases its length considerably and then forms it into a coil forming the same number of wires on any one side and then moves the same magnet across only one side of that coil, the electric current generated will then be considerably greater. Reason: the property of resistance. This is the mechanical effect within the gyro¬ scopic electromagnetic make-up and orientation of the atoms of all materials which have the mechanical ability to perform a given task efficiently up to a point concerning input of additional electromagnetic energy and then mechan¬ ically causes varying results once this threshold is ex¬ ceeded.
This and all the other thoughts and innovations in this
and the previous disclosures of the previous applications and the Disclosure Document previously put forth show that there are many different mechanical ways to release a relatively unlimited source of energy from electromagnetic energy which makes up all matter and which results from this invention.
B. Working Prototypes
Figures 5 and 6 illustrate rough, working prototypes of this aspect of the invention. These embodiments are only relatively inefficient prototypes built by hand for the purpose of demonstrating the invention. It should be self-evident that the prototypes by various mechanical means and designs can easily be made extremely efficient, and the illustrated embodiments are being presented only for general, representational purposes.
As is illustrated in Figure 5, there is provided a combined electrical current generator and an electromagnetic motor comprising a rotatably mounted, permanent magnet 200, a battery 201, brushes and commutator 202, bearings 203 and power, mounting shaft 204, and a first, primary, magnetic producing coil 205 and a second, secondary electric produc¬ ing coil 206. The two coils 205, 206 are juxtaposed together in parallel disposition with concurrent core center-lines, with the magnet 200 positioned alongside of coil 205 at or near its core center-line with the rotational axis of the shaft 204 positioned orthagonally to the center-line.
In the prototypes a very small battery 201 , for example size "N" , of 1.5 volts is used.
When the circuit is completed, the battery 201 converts an immeasurable amount of its mass into electrical current (gyroscopic particles moving at the speed of light) which goes out through the communicator and brushes 202, and then enters magnetic producing conductor coil 205 made for example from insulated number "14" or "15" gauge copper wire, with the total weight of the coil 205 being for example seventy to ninety pounds. This causes the atoms of coil 205 to align extremely fast then releasing some of their electromagnetic make-up (gyroscopic part±cles) in the form of a magnetic field. This field then interacts with the gyroscopic particles making up the magnetic field coming from the atoms of the material of the permanent magnet 200. This causes magnet 200 to attempt to align its magnetic field movement with the magnetic field movement coming from the atoms of coil 205, resulting in rotation of magnet 200 and the shaft 204 to which it is attached. This then changes the position of the communtator and brushes 202 relative to each other's initial positions, which then causes the electric current coming from battery 201 to be going in the opposite direction into coil 205, causing the atoms of coil 205 to extremely quickly reverse their alignment and the polarity of their magnetic field which they are emitting. The reversed field then interacts again with the magnetic field of permanent magnet 200, causing it to further rotate.
This process is then continuously repeated producing continuous rotation of the shaft 204 which can be used as a source of motive power in many different ways. A power belt wheel 207 for example using a continuous "V" belt is illustrated as a general representation of this motive power source for producing useful, obvious work. In a prototype test run with a small 1.5 volt, type "N" battery, the shaft 204 and the magnet 200 rotated at a high speed for approximately twelve hours before running down. By improving the particular design features of the prototype and by using longer lasting batteries, the rotation time of the shaft 204 can be greatly increased to a theoretical point approaching "perpetual" for. all practical purposes. At the same time the alternating magnetic field produced by the coil 205 induces into coil 206 electrical induction, which then causes coil 206 to produce ah alternating current across its "load," which current can be made to exceed the conventional output of the battery 201. As needed the battery source 201 can be replaced.
It is very important to understand that, the longer the length of the conducting wire in coil 205, the stronger will be the magnetic field produced and the less electric current that will complete the circuit and get back into the battery and destroy the mechanical source of the electrical current.
This effect can be increased further by increasing the diameter of the conducting wire in coil 205 and then greatly increasing its length still further in the coil.
Reason: The gyroscopic particles making up the electric current interact with the atoms of coil 205. The more atoms in coil 205, relative to length, the longer it takes the gyroparticles of the electric current to influence them and get out the other end of the coil. It is then easily seen that, if the direction of the current into coil 205 is then reversed, this then further increases this lag time. Reason: The gyroscopic particles have inertia and are believed to be moving at the speed of light and are interacting with the gyroscopic particles making up the atoms of conducting coil 205. These atoms also have inertia and, when the direction of current is reversed into coil 205, the incoming current then collides with the current already in coil 205 going in opposite directions.
This causes a brief hesitation during the time the current already in the coil is being forced to reverse its direction, thereby then reversing the direction of the atoms within coil 205 which have already been influenced to become aligned. This causes a constant force throughout the cir¬ cuit, but does not allow very much current to get back into the battery 201 to destroy the mechanical means which initiated the release of electric current in the first place.
Therefore, it should be further understood that, the faster the current direction reverses into the coil 205, the more efficiently the matter of battery 201 is converted into
2 pure electrical energy (E=MC ) , without destruction of the
mechanical situation that initiates the electrical current release.
It is also important to understand that, the stronger the magnetic field coming from the mass of magnet 200, the greater will be its rotational speed . Additionally, the greater the magnetic field coming from the mass of coil 205, the greater will be the rotational speed of magnet 200, and, up to a point, the greater the electric current input from battery 201, the greater the rotational speed of magnet 200. Reason: the greater the electric current flow into coil 205, the greater will be the percentage of the atoms making up coil 205 that are aligned. This probably has the same relationship as does achieving atom alignment in conven- tional magnetic materials . Once complete atom alignment is reached in coil 205, no amount of current will cause those atoms to increase the strength of the magnetic field emitting from those atoms.
Therefore, it should be clear that, for a given input of electric current from battery 201, the most efficient design is one in which the most atoms of coil 205 are influenced to atom alignment by that given electric current, which means increasing the diameter and the length of the conducting wire of coil 205 to the point that the strength of the magnetic field produced is sufficient to cause rotation of the magnet 200 to a speed that allows none or at least very little of the electric current which initially comes from the battery 201 to complete the circuit and get
back into battery 201 and destroy or reduce the mechanical effect which induced the conversion of the matter of battery 201 in electric current in the first place.
Again this desired effect can be increased by increas¬ ing the strength of the magnetic field given off by the atoms of the permanent magnet 200.
In the second prototype embodiment of Figure 6, the structure and operation of the prototype is substantially identical to that of Figure 5 with the major exception being that the magnet 300/shaft 304 elements (and related sub-ele¬ ments 302, 303 and 307) are positioned inside of and within the core of the primary coil 305, as compared to the placement of the magnet 200/shaft 204 elements next to and along side of the coil 205 of Figure 5. Therefore, for brevity purposes, a detailed description of the elements of Figure 6 will not be repeated, but it is noted that the corresponding and analogous elements and sub-elements are similarly numbered in Figures 5 and 6.
It is also important to again stress the fact that the prototype designs shown are presented simply to prove the correctness of the invention, and it should be clear that the invention can be made extremely more efficient by utilizing all of the magnetic field produced by coil 205 and designing the magnet 200 of a shape and strength that efficiently interacts with the majority of the magnetic fields from coil 205. The illustrated prototypes is rela- tively highly inefficient in this regard, but even so, the.
results of the invention itself greatly exceed the prior art as to use of electric current from whatever source and interaction with an electric motor or whatever work was conventionally performed.
The applicant feels it is very important to again stress, in building many varying designs of this invention, consideration must be given to the fact that the Energy in the field of force of any type magnet is the Energy that makes up the Atoms of the material rom which it comes! This
Energy is a real Entity with, it is believed, a gyroscopic
2 action. It is literally Einstein's Equation of E=MC . And it is believed that this Energy moves at the speed of light and makes up all Matter. And that this Energy has a constant pressure effect back to the Atoms of the material from which it came, similar to hydraulic pressure.
This effect is additionally more fully understood by stating the following results obtained from experimentation by the applicant in the process of this invention. a) When the system is initially attached to a 1.5 volt size N Battery 201 or 301 and the magnet 200 or 300 and related rotation entities are placed close to or in the center of coil 205 or 305, the following results are observed:
If the electric current produced in coil 206 (306) is then fed back into coil 205 (305) in accordance with proper polarity, the rotation speed of magnet 200 or 300 will then accelerate. If fed back into coil 205 (305) in wrong polarity, the rotation speed of magnet 200 (300) will slow
• down .
This proves that the total force from coil 205 (305) interacting with the magnet 200 (300) is greater when the electrical energy from coil 206 (306) is fed back into coil
205 (305), then when only the initial electric energy from battery 201 (301) is fed into coil 205 (305)!
When two or three batteries are electrically connected together in series, so as to create for example three or four and one-half volts of electrical input, this effect is multiplied. Remember, up to a point, the greater the electrical input, the greater the percentage of atom align¬ ment within coil 205 (305).
This further proves that the electric current produced in coil 206 (306) is a result of the gyroscopic particles of Energy released from the magnetic fields which came from the Electromagnetic make-up of the atoms of coil 205 (305), and is not part of the initial Electrical Energy released from the atoms making up the materials of battery 201 (301)! The coil 206 (306) can be taken out of the system, or its electrical current fed away from the system, and the rotational speed of the magnet 200 (300) will not observably change. However, the rotational speed of magnet 200 (300) will noticeably change when the electric current from coil 206 (306) is fed back into coil 205 (305)!
Now a different result:
b) When the electric current from battery 201 (301) becomes weaker to the point that the magnetic field coming from coil 205 (305) has weakened and shrunk allowing the magnetic field of the rotating magnet 200 (300) to expand and then noticeably induce electric current into coil 206 (306) and into coil 205 (305), then reverse results are observed. When the magnetic field from the coil 205 (305) is large, then the magnetice field from magnet 200 (300) is retained!
If coil 206 (306) is then short circuited, the rotation of magnet 200 (300) will noticeably slow down.
If electric current from coil 206 (306) is fed back into coil 205 (305) in wrong polarity, the rotation of the magnet 200 (300) will stop. If fed back into coil 205 (305) in correct polarity, the rotation of the magnet 200 (300) will slow down. At that point, the rotation of the magnet 200 (300) will not accelerate, no matter how connected!
These results show that, at this time, the magnetic field from magnet 200 (300) noticeably induces a current in coils 206 (306) and 205 (305) which opposes the rotation of the magnet 200 (300). This effect has already been mechan- ically explained, and it has been shown that Lenz' Law was simply an observation of that mechanical explanation.
These results further demonstrate that the expanding and collapsing magnetic fields from coil 205 (305) and 206
(306) do not noticeably effect each other detrimentally.
Because the resulting magnetic fields from all the coils are the results of fluctuating atom alignemnt within the coils !
Remember, the gyroscopic energy particles making up the magnetic fields have a hydraulic pressure effect back to the atoms from which they came. Also remember that the atoms making up the material of the permanent magnet 200 (300) are stationary as to atom augment direction! Therefore, the pressure effect resulting from an opposing field which the magnet 200 (300) induced, is immediate. As is Hydraulic
However, the magnetic field emitted from the atoms of coil 205 (305) relative to induction into the atoms of coil 206 (306) are flucuating and out of step, so to speak, and therefore, in harmony with each other. The pressure effect from the induction of coil 205 (305) into coil 206 (306) is an action and reaction effect which reinforces the flipping action of the atoms of coil 205 (305) and back into the atoms of coil 206 (306).
This action is again seen when the invention is hooked into one-hundred-fifteen volt alternating current, and bat¬ tery 201 (301) is not used.
The magnet 200 (300) will not rotate even though the magnetic field from coil 205 (305) is strong and is alternating. Reason: The fluctuating magnetic field is so fast, that the inertia mass of magnet 200 (300) can not get
started in one direction before the magnetic field from coil 205 (306) has reversed, thereby, causing magnet 200 (300) to only microscopically vibrate at sixty cycles per second.
And, if a sixty watt bulb is hooked into the system of coil 205 (306), it will only dimly light. And there is a lag time of two to three seconds before it lights even dimly.
If then coil 206 (306) is hooked to a meter, there is a reading of forty-nine volts, and if the meter is replaced by another sixty watt bulb it will only extremely dimly light.
However, the sixty watt bulb hooked to coil 205 (305) will now noticeably - become brighter! This again shows that the action and reaction results of the atoms of the coils are 5 not noticeably detrimental to each other. Because of the lag time (out of step, so to speak), resulting in reinforcing the flipping atom alignment of the coils .
From this further explanation of the invention it is 0 seen that desirable results may be obtained by the follow¬ ing:
For example, in Figure 6 the magnet 300 may be of a design and/or be located at a distance from the inside ir> diameter of coil 305 and coil 306, whereby the majority of the magnetic field from the magnet 300 do not cut the conducting loops of coil 305 or 306. Yet the alternating magnetic field produced by coil 305 should efficiently have
the majority of its gyroscopic particles interacting with the majority of the gyroscopic particles making up the magnetic field of the permanent magnet 300. But not directly reacting with the atoms making up coil 305, or magnet 300!
When the magnetic lines of force of the magnet 200
(300) cross at right angles with the conducting wires of coil 205 (305), 206 (306), a braking action is incurred. It should be noted that, as the inner diameter of coil 205 (305) increases, the percentage of time of braking effect decreases.
Along this same line of instruction, the commutator segments 202 (302) can be made of a large diameter and the area of brushes made small, whereby, when the brushes cross over the gaps in the commutator segments, there will be no short circuit at any time directly back to the battery 201
By combining the slip rings and brushes (the slip rings can be made of a small diameter) to the side or sides of the brushes and commutator segments 202 (302), then battery 201 (301) does not have to rotate with magnet 200 (300).
The No. "14" and No. "15" gauge copper insulated wire of seventy and ninety pounds (thirty one and one-half and forty and one-half kilograms) used for the motor coil 205 (305) and the generator coil 206 (306), respectively, in the first hand-made prototypes of the embodiments of Figure 5
and Figure 6, for demonstration purposes only, come in standard buckets of varying weights from wholesale outlets. It was then wound in coils as shown, and, as taught, the more conducting wire used, the better the results. The magnets 200 and 300 were each initially about a two and one-half inch (six and one-quarter centimeters) cube and can be any size and strength desired.
In a further, rough, hand-built, demonstration, working prototype of the invention of the type illustrated in Figure 6, the primary or motor coil 305 was made of No. "5" gauge copper wire in single, continuous wire form weighing appro¬ ximately four thousand, one hundred pounds (one thousand, eight hundred and forty-five kilograms) with a coil loop diameter of four and one-half feet (one hundred and thirty— five centimeters), while the secondary or generator coil 306 was made of No. "24" gauge copper wire in single, continuous wire form weighing approximately three hundred pounds (one hundred and thirty-five kilograms) with the same, approxi- mate coil loop diameter of four and one-half feet (one hundred and thirty-five centimeters), with both coils 305, 306 coincidently forming a cylinder of approximately thirty inches (seventy-five centimeters) in length. The coils 305, 306 were built around a cylindrical, fiberglass core body of approximately two hundred pounds (ninety kilograms) having a vertical, longitudinal center-line axis.
The rotating magnet 300 was made up of six, separate, parallel cylindrical magnetic columns spaced and disposed
• about the periphery of a hollow cylindrical fiberglass surface of approximately twenty inch (fifty centimeter) in diameter. Each column was thirty inches (seventy-five cm.) long and was composed of a stack of seventy, individual ceramic ring magnets in disc form as made by Jobmaster Magnets of Randallstown, Maryland, 21133, U. S. A. Each disc had a thickness of seven-sixteenths of an inch (1.09375 centimeter), an inner diameter of one inch (2.5 cm.) and an outer diameter of four inches (ten cm.). The discs were stacked and secured together in four inch (ten cm.) diameter fiberglass tubes longitudinally mounted on the inner surface of the twenty inch (fifty cm.) diameter fiberglass cylinder. The-- composite magnet 300 had a total weight of approximately four hundred pounds (one hundred and eighty kilograms) and a total length of thirty inches (seventy-five cm.) and an approximate diameter of twenty inches (fifty cm.).
The magnet 300 was mounted for rotation on a horizontal shaft 304 extending across the hollow core of the coils 305, 306 crossing through the center point of the longitudinal center-line of the cylinder and orthogonally to the longitu¬ dinal center-line of the magnet 300 for rotation within the open center area of the cylindrically disposed coils 305, 306 with the longitudinal center-lines of the coils being vertically disposed.
With a D.C. battery source 301 of two twelve-volt (12 v.) lantern batteries and seventeen six-volt ( 6 v.) lantern batteries all in series (totalling one hundred and
* twenty-six volts), a measured voltage of one hundred and twenty-six volts and a measured current of ninety-nine milliamps in the primary coil 305 were noted. Concurrently a voltage reading of six hundred and forty volts and an 5 amperage measurement in excess of twenty milliamps were noted in the secondary or generating coil 306 , with the magnet 300 rotating at a speed of one hundred and twenty revolutions per minute (rpm) . Thus the system was outputting and producing in the generating coil 306 useable electrical o energy in excess of one hundred and two percent of that being inputted in the motor coil 305 ! This excess useful electrical energy of course is in addition to the further useful mechanical energy available at the exemplary drive take-off 307 on the rotating shaft 304, on which the four 5 hundred pound, thirty inch long magnet 300 was rotating at one hundred and twenty rpm!
Thus the invention, by utilizing the energy of the gyroscopic particles in the magnetic field, produces a 0 greater energy output than the energy input into the system, thus producing results beyond presently accepted scientific teachings of the world.
This prototype achieves exactly what has already been 5 described in great detail in applicant's prior patent applications. There was simply used in this prototype a stronger magnet and a larger diameter conducting wire of great length, that has a considerably greater number of atoms aligned when current is put into the system, and used
a greater number of atoms in the generator coil of fine diameter conducting wire.
While the results of the energy released from this 5 particular prototype is highly impressive to others, appli¬ cant still has only scratched the surface of the energy that can be released using the principles of the present inven¬ tion.
o Again as has already been stressed - the most efficient design, is one in which the least amount of input of current causes the greatest amount of atom alignment.
This data does not constitute any departure from applicant's previous work, but is only to further document that which has already been stressed in the prior patent applications.
Varying the D.C. voltage for the battery source 301 shows that obvious efficiency will continue to rise s the voltage input goes up !
Also the leverage factor advantage of the invention, combined with the inertia of the four hundred pound magnet 300 rotating at one hundred and twenty rpm (even while causing the electrical generator to put out over 100% of energy input) proves the invention to be greatly over 100% efficient even at this slow rpm.
''&URE , OMPI
It is contemplated that the next prototype will use super-conducting type material for the coil 305 with a magnet 300 having a magnetic field strength comparable to that of crycogenic-type magnet relative to percentage of atom alignment or size.
This will result in the size of the invention being much smaller and yet with the available work output being much greater than the prototype just described. Reason: The most efficient type design is one whereby the least amount of current input into the motor coil produces the greatest atom alignment of said motor coil and having rotatable magnet also comparable in strength, relative to size.
The invention can be made without using the coil 206 (306) and producing just useful mechanical energy.
Coil 206 (306) can be merged or wound with coil 205 (305). The magnet 200 (300) can be an electromagnet, a permanent magnet, a cryogenic magnet or any magnet.
The design of magnet 200 (300) can create a strong but retained magnetic field.
The design of coil 205 (305) can be used to further retain the magnetic field of magnet 200 (300).
Alternating current (A.C.) can be used in place of the direct current (D.C.) battery 201 (301), if the magnet 200 (300) is designed accordingly.
The coils 205 (305) and 206 (306) may be made up of several coils rather than a single coil.
The magnet 200 (300) may be made up of several individual magnets rather than from just a single magnet.
From the foregoing it should be understood that, unlike the teachings of the prior art, the following is desired in the design of the coil 205/305 under the principles of the present inventio : a) current initially flowing into and through the coil should be small compared to the energy output of the system; b) a relatively large diameter wire or its equivalent is used for the coil; c) a relatively large number of coil loops or coils is used; d) a relative long, continuous length of coil wire or its equivalent is used; and e) the greatest magnetism for a given mass of the magnet 200/300 is desired but may be designed so that the magnetic lines of force will not cut the coils at a right angle.
The present invention applies to any mechanical device which is operated by electrical energy. In accordance with the principles of the present invention, the mechanical device should be designed wherein the electric current as much as is feasible cannot get back to its source, but the circuit is completed whereby the "pressure force" is con¬ stant throughout the system. -_--_
What has been invented, built and disclosed is an invention of immense importance to the well-being of the entire world. There will be many devices built from what has been shown and taught. It should now be known that all 5 matter is made up of electromagnetic energy and that there are many mechanical ways to release this energy, as has been stated throughout the five prior, related patent applica¬ tions hereof and the Disclosure Document. All of these future developments will be as a result of the present o invention which releases energy above and beyond conven¬ tional energy release mechanisms, prior to this invention.
Some of the basic approaches of the invention are outlined below: 5
1. Any device which utilizes a means by which the electric current (electromagnetic energy) is retained within a member or members outside of the source of said original electric current and then, as a result thereof, is capable 0 of producing a continuous electromagnetic motion or current if so desired beyond present scientific teachings .
2. Any device which releases the electromagnetic energy make up of matter to such an impressive degree as does this 5 invention that it defies several of the present accepted laws of physics and electrical engineering as of this time.
3. That the energy release is noticeably higher and in
some cases more controllable than the conventional means of energy release of this time.
Because many varying and different embodiments may be made within the scope of the inventive concept herein taught, and because many modifications may be made in the embodiments herein detailed in accordance with the descrip¬ tive requirements of the law, it is to be understood that the details herein are to be interpreted as illustrative and ot in a limiting sense.