USRE45440E1 - Binary exploding target, package process and product - Google Patents

Binary exploding target, package process and product Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE45440E1
USRE45440E1 US13945803 US201313945803A USRE45440E US RE45440 E1 USRE45440 E1 US RE45440E1 US 13945803 US13945803 US 13945803 US 201313945803 A US201313945803 A US 201313945803A US RE45440 E USRE45440 E US RE45440E
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target
container
process
oxidizer
composition
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US13945803
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Daniel Jeremy Tanner
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TANNERITE SPORTS LLC
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TANNERITE SPORTS LLC
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41JTARGETS; TARGET RANGES; BULLET CATCHERS
    • F41J5/00Target indicating systems; Target-hit or score detecting systems
    • F41J5/24Targets producing a particular effect when hit, e.g. detonation of pyrotechnic charge, bell ring, photograph
    • F41J5/26Targets producing a particular effect when hit, e.g. detonation of pyrotechnic charge, bell ring, photograph exploding or disintegrating when hit
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C06EXPLOSIVES; MATCHES
    • C06BEXPLOSIVES OR THERMIC COMPOSITIONS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS EXPLOSIVES
    • C06B21/00Apparatus or methods for working-up explosives, e.g. forming, cutting, drying
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C06EXPLOSIVES; MATCHES
    • C06BEXPLOSIVES OR THERMIC COMPOSITIONS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS EXPLOSIVES
    • C06B45/00Compositions or products which are defined by structure or arrangement of component of product

Abstract

A binary exploding target package, a process of forming an exploding target from the contents of the binary exploding target package, and the exploding target formed therefrom. The binary exploding target package includes a first, target container and a second container. An oxidizer composition is contained within one of the containers and a catalyst composition is contained within the other container. An exploding target is formed by mixing the oxidizer and catalyst compositions, and introducing the mixture into the target container to form an exploding target just prior to using the exploding target as a target for a shooting exercise.

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/872,187 filed Aug. 20, 2001.More than one reissue application has been filed for the reissue of U.S. Pat. No. 6,848,366. The reissue applications are 13/945,803 (the present application) and 11/206,283, all of which are continuation reissues of U.S. Pat. No. 6,848,366. This application is a continuation reissue application of U.S. Reissue application Ser. No. 11/206,283 filed on Aug. 16, 2005, now U.S. Pat. No. Re. 44,386, which is a reissue of U.S. Pat. No. 6,848,366 which issued on Feb. 1, 2005; and U.S. Pat. No. 6,848,366 was filed as U.S. application Ser. No. 10/274,464 on Oct. 17, 2002, which is a Continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/872,187, filed on Aug. 20, 2001. The entire contents of all of the above-applications is hereby incorporated by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a binary exploding target package, a process of forming an exploding target from the contents of the binary exploding target package, and the exploding target product formed therefrom.

In the past, several companies have offered for sale small exploding targets for use in target practice, training, long range competition, etc. Such exploding targets come with all of the explosive ingredients already mixed, and are classified by federal regulations as a hazardous material and as an explosive. In use, such exploding targets are difficult to be heard over the sound of the muzzle blast from a high powered rifle.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to provide a binary exploding target package that is safe and legal to ship and store.

It is a further object of the present invention to produce an exploding target from the binary exploding target package that produces a very loud sound upon detonation by a round fired from a center fire rifle.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a process of making an exploding target product from the binary exploding target package.

The binary exploding target package of the present invention includes a first, target container and a second container. An oxidizer composition is contained within one of the containers and a catalyst composition is contained within the other container.

An exploding target is formed by mixing the oxidizer and catalyst compositions, and introducing the mixture into the target container to form an exploding target just prior to using the exploding target as a target for a shooting exercise.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a front elevation view of the contents of the binary exploding target package of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The present invention relates to a binary exploding target package, a process of forming an exploding target from the contents of the binary exploding target package, and the exploding target formed therefrom. The exploding target is for use as a target for target practice, training, competitive shooting, etc. (all hereinafter intended to be included within the phrase “shooting exercise”).

In FIG. 1 the contents of the binary exploding target package 10 of the present invention are illustrated. The package 10 includes a first, target container 20 and its contents, a second container 30 and its contents, an empty mixing container 40 and a funnel 50. The target container 20, the second container 30, the mixing container 40 and the funnel 50 are all made of a non-spark generating plastic material, such as polyethylene.

Target container 20 is comprised of a target bottle 22 having a sealing cap 24 removably attached thereto, such as a screw cap. A target area 26 is fixed on the outer surface of target container 20, such as by being printed or embossed onto container 22, or applied thereto as a label.

Preferably target area 26 is a fluorescent orange label having a cross 28 printed thereon. However, any suitable target may be printed on label, such as a bull's-eye, “X”, etc.

It is preferred to make the target bottle 22 of a material which shatters into very small pieces of a non-injurious size upon detonation in order to minimize or eliminate the formation of dangerous shrapnel. A suitable such material is polyethylene.

Second container 30 includes a bottle 32 having a sealing cap 34 removably attached thereto, such as a screw cap. It is preferred to make bottle 32 of polyethylene.

Preferably, the first, target container 20 contains the oxidizer composition and the second container 30 contains the “catalyst” composition. This is because the oxidizer composition is larger in volume than the catalyst composition, and it is desirable that the target container be the larger of the two containers. However, it is possible that the contents could be reversed, i.e., that the oxidizer composition would be placed into second container 30 and the catalyst composition placed into the first, target container 20.

The preferred oxidizer composition is ammonium nitrate or, preferably, a mixture of ammonium nitrate and ammonium perchlorate, with ammonium nitrate being present in an amount between about 50% and 100% by weight and ammonium perchlorate being present in an amount between 0% and about 50% by weight. An especially preferred oxidizer composition is one which contains about 85% by weight ammonium nitrate powder having a particle size of about 200 mesh, and about 15% by weight ammonium perchlorate.

Although ammonium nitrate is not required to be present in the oxidizer composition of the present invention, its presence has been found to raise the detonation success rate from about 92% to substantially 100%.

In forming the oxidizer composition, ammonium perchlorate is added to ammonium nitrate and the two materials mixed together to form a substantially homogeneous mix.

The preferred catalyst composition includes a major amount of explosive grade aluminum powder, and minor amounts of titanium sponge and zirconium hydride. An especially preferred catalyst composition contains about 90% by weight explosive grade aluminum power having a particle size of about 600 mesh, about 5% by weight titanium sponge having a particle size of about 325 mesh, and about 5% by weight zirconium hydride having a particle size of about 200 mesh.

As mentioned above, the binary exploding target package 10 of the present invention includes the target container 20 which preferably contains the oxidizer composition, the second container 30 which preferably contains the catalyst composition, an empty mixing container 40 and a funnel 50 which are shipped and stored together in suitable packaging. Since the oxidizer composition and catalyst composition are sealed in separate containers, the product is not subject to hazardous or explosive materials shipping or storage laws. In addition, the need for steel storage magazines, as required for shooting ranges which use premixed bullet sensitive explosives as targets, is also eliminated.

Mixing container 40 includes a mixing bottle 42 and a stopper 44, both preferably made of polyethylene. Funnel 50 is also preferably made of polyethylene.

When it is desired to form an exploding target from the binary exploding target package 10 of the present invention, the oxidizer composition contained in target container 20 and the catalyst composition contained in the catalyst container 30 are poured into mixing bottle 42 using funnel 50. Stopper 44 is then secured in place on mixing bottle 42 and the contents shaken to produce a substantially homogeneous mixture of oxidizer and catalyst. After mixing, the contents of mixing bottle 42 are emptied into target container bottle 22 using funnel 50, and target container lid 24 secured to target container bottle 22.

The steps of mixing the oxidizer and catalyst compositions, and the introduction of the oxidizer/catalyst mixture into target container bottle 22, are carried out just prior to use of the target container 20 as an exploding target and within a time frame that avoids violation of federal explosive shipping and storage laws.

A preferred exploding target is one that contains about 0.5 pound of oxidizer/catalyst composition. Although larger or smaller amounts may be used, larger amounts may cause a larger than safe detonation, and smaller amounts may not provide the marksman with the optimal blast showing that the target has been hit.

Whatever quantities are used, it is preferred that the weight ratio of oxidizer to catalyst is about 8:1 to ensure substantially complete detonation of all ingredients.

Even after the catalyst composition is added to the oxidizer composition, the resulting explosive composition contained in the exploding target of the present invention is safe as it is not flammable and cannot be detonated by friction.

The exploding target of the present invention requires high impulse energy to detonate its explosive composition. In fact, it requires the hydrostatic shock generated by a center fire rifle round to detonate it. A rim fire rifle round will not detonate the exploding target of the present invention, which means it is extremely unlikely to be detonated by accidental impact.

It will be obvious to those having skill in the art that many changes may be made to the details of the above-described embodiments of this invention without departing from the underlying principles thereof. The scope of the present invention should, therefore, be determined only by the following claims.

Claims (42)

The invention claimed is:
1. A binary exploding target package, said package including:
a first, target container and a second container;
one of said first and second containers containing an oxidizer composition, and the other of said first and second containers containing a catalyst composition;
said oxidizer composition including ammonium nitrate in an amount between about 50% and 100% by weight, and ammonium perchlorate in an amount between 0% and about 50% by weight;
said catalyst composition including aluminum powder and minor amounts of titanium sponge and zirconium hydride;
said target container being sized to receive a mixture comprised of all of said oxidizer composition and all of said catalyst composition.
2. The binary exploding target package of claim 1 wherein said target container has an outer surface that includes a target fixed thereon.
3. The binary exploding target package of claim 1 wherein said target container is formed of a material which shatters into very small pieces of a non-injurious size upon detonation.
4. The binary exploding target package of claim 3 wherein said target container is formed of polyethylene.
5. The binary exploding target package of claim 1 wherein said oxidizer composition includes about 85% by weight ammonium nitrate and about 15% by weight ammonium perchlorate.
6. The binary exploding target package of claim 1 wherein said catalyst composition includes about 90% by weight aluminum powder, about 5% by weight titanium sponge, and about 5% by weight zirconium hydride.
7. The binary exploding target package of claim 6 wherein said aluminum powder is explosive grade aluminum powder having a particle size of about 500 mesh.
8. The binary exploding target package of claim 6 wherein said titanium sponge has a particle size of about 325 mesh.
9. The binary exploding target package of claim 6 wherein said zirconium hydride has a particle size of about 200 mesh.
10. The binary exploding target package of claim 1 wherein the weight ratio of said oxidizer composition to said catalyst composition is about 8:1.
11. A binary exploding target comprising:
a target container containing an oxidizer composition, said oxidizer composition including ammonium nitrate in an amount between about 50% and 100% by weight and ammonium perchlorate in an amount between 0% and about 50% by weight; and
a catalyst composition, said catalyst composition including aluminum powder and minor amounts of titanium sponge and zirconium hydride.
12. The binary exploding target of claim 11 wherein said target container has an outer surface that includes a target fixed thereon.
13. The binary exploding target of claim 11 wherein said target container is formed of a material which shatters into very small pieces of a non-injurious size upon detonation.
14. The binary exploding target of claim 13 wherein said target container is formed of polyethylene.
15. The A process of forming an exploding a target comprising: upon contact with a hydrostatic shock from a rifle round equivalent to that generated by a center fire rifle round impacting said target
selecting a first, target container and a second container;
storingwherein an oxidizer composition is contained within one of saida first, target container and a second containerscontainer and a catalyst composition is contained within the other container;
said oxidizer composition including ammonium nitrate in an amount between about 50% and 100% by weight and ammonium perchlorate in an amount between 0% and about 50% by weight;
said catalyst composition including aluminum powder and minor amounts of titanium sponge and zirconium hydride;:
said process comprising,
transporting said first and second containers to a location to be used for a shooting exercise;
mixing said oxidizer composition and said catalyst composition together to form an oxidizer/catalyst mixture; and
introducing said oxidizer/catalyst mixture into said target container to form an exploding in said target container to form the target,
firing a center fire rifle round into the target thereby causing an explosion of the oxidizer/catalyst mixture.
16. The process of claim 15 wherein said oxidizer composition includes about 85% by weight ammonium nitrate and about 15% by weight ammonium perchlorate.
17. The process of claim 15 wherein said catalyst composition includes about 90% by weight aluminum powder, about 5% by weight titanium sponge, and about 5% by weight zirconium hydride.
18. The process of claim 15 wherein said aluminum powder is explosive grade aluminum powder having a particle size of about 500 mesh.
19. The process of claim 15 wherein said titanium sponge has a particle size of about 325 mesh.
20. The process of claim 15 wherein said zirconium hydride has a particle size of about 200 mesh.
21. The process of claim 15 wherein the weight ratio of said oxidizer composition to said catalyst composition is about 8:1.
22. The process of claim 15 wherein said target container includes a target area fixed on the outer surface thereof.
23. A process of exploding a target upon contact with a hydrostatic shock from a rifle round equivalent to that generated by a center fire rifle round impacting said target:
wherein an oxidizer composition is contained within one of a first container and a second container and a catalyst composition is contained within the other container:
said process comprising,
transporting said first and second containers to a location to be used for a shooting exercise;
mixing said oxidizer composition and said catalyst composition together to form an oxidizer/catalyst mixture in a target container to form the target adapted to explode upon being subjected to the hydrostatic shock from the rifle round equivalent to that generated by the center fire rifle round impacting said target,
wherein said target is the target container containing the oxidizer/catalyst mixture,
firing a center fire rifle round into the target thereby causing an explosion of the oxidizer/catalyst mixture.
24. The process of claim 23, wherein one of said first and second containers is said target container.
25. A process of exploding a target upon contact with a hydrostatic shock from a rifle round impacting said target:
wherein an oxidizer composition is contained within one of a first container and a second container and a catalyst composition is contained within the other container:
said process comprising,
transporting said first and second containers to a location to be used for a shooting exercise;
mixing said oxidizer composition and said catalyst composition together to form an oxidizer/catalyst mixture in a target container to form the target adapted to explode upon being subjected to the hydrostatic shock from the rifle round impacting said target,
wherein said target is the target container containing the oxidizer/catalyst mixture, firing a rifle round into the target thereby causing an explosion of the oxidizer/catalyst mixture.
26. The process of claim 25, wherein one of said first and second containers is said target container.
27. The process of claim 23, wherein said oxidizer composition includes ammonium nitrate.
28. The process of claim 25, wherein said oxidizer composition includes ammonium nitrate.
29. The process of claim 27, wherein said catalyst composition includes aluminum powder.
30. The process of claim 28 wherein said catalyst composition includes aluminum powder.
31. The process of claim 23 wherein said catalyst composition includes aluminum powder.
32. The process of claim 25 wherein said catalyst composition includes aluminum powder.
33. The process of claim 23 wherein said target container includes a target area fixed on the outer surface thereof.
34. The process of claim 25 wherein said target container includes a target area fixed on the outer surface thereof.
35. The process of claim 30, wherein said target container is made of a material comprising polyethylene.
36. The process of claim 25, wherein said oxidizer composition includes ammonium nitrate;
wherein said catalyst composition includes aluminum powder; and
wherein said target container is made of a material comprising polyethylene.
37. The process of claim 23, wherein the container containing the oxidizer composition is larger than the container containing the catalyst composition, and the container containing the oxidizer composition is used as the target container.
38. The process of claim 25, wherein the container containing the oxidizer composition is larger than the container containing the catalyst composition, and the container containing the oxidizer composition is used as the target container.
39. The process of claim 37, wherein said process includes a step of securing a target container lid to the target container, and wherein said target container is made of a material comprising polyethylene.
40. The process of claim 38, wherein said process includes a step of securing a target container lid to the target container.
41. The process of claim 39, wherein the weight ratio of oxidizer composition to catalyst composition is about 8:1.
42. The process of claim 40, wherein the weight ratio of oxidizer composition to catalyst composition is about 8:1.
US13945803 2001-08-20 2013-07-18 Binary exploding target, package process and product Active USRE45440E1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09872187 US20030033952A1 (en) 2001-08-20 2001-08-20 Tannerite binary exploding targets
US10274464 US6848366B1 (en) 2001-08-20 2002-10-17 Binary exploding target, package process and product
US11206283 USRE44386E1 (en) 2001-08-20 2005-08-16 Binary exploding target, package process and product
US13945803 USRE45440E1 (en) 2001-08-20 2013-07-18 Binary exploding target, package process and product

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US13945803 USRE45440E1 (en) 2001-08-20 2013-07-18 Binary exploding target, package process and product

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US10274464 Reissue US6848366B1 (en) 2001-08-20 2002-10-17 Binary exploding target, package process and product

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3255281A (en) * 1960-06-21 1966-06-07 North American Aviation Inc Propellant casting method
US3259532A (en) * 1963-07-24 1966-07-05 Reynolds Metals Co Combustion system comprising sponge metal, liquid oxygen, and finely divided carbon
US3441455A (en) * 1961-01-13 1969-04-29 Continental Oil Co Encapsulated propellants and method for their preparation from fluorinated monomers using radiation
US4042431A (en) * 1975-07-17 1977-08-16 Rocket Research Corporation Two component field mix hydrazine base explosive
US4920852A (en) * 1988-05-10 1990-05-01 Ireco Incorporated Portable, self-contained explosives system
US4944815A (en) * 1980-07-24 1990-07-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Bonding agent for composite propellants
US5922986A (en) * 1987-05-15 1999-07-13 Daimler-Benz Aerospace Ag Armor plate for vehicles
US6016754A (en) * 1997-12-18 2000-01-25 Olin Corporation Lead-free tin projectile
US6405627B1 (en) * 1999-03-08 2002-06-18 Mining Resource Engineering Limited Simple kit and method for humanitarian demining operations and explosive ordinance disposal

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3255281A (en) * 1960-06-21 1966-06-07 North American Aviation Inc Propellant casting method
US3441455A (en) * 1961-01-13 1969-04-29 Continental Oil Co Encapsulated propellants and method for their preparation from fluorinated monomers using radiation
US3259532A (en) * 1963-07-24 1966-07-05 Reynolds Metals Co Combustion system comprising sponge metal, liquid oxygen, and finely divided carbon
US4042431A (en) * 1975-07-17 1977-08-16 Rocket Research Corporation Two component field mix hydrazine base explosive
US4944815A (en) * 1980-07-24 1990-07-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Bonding agent for composite propellants
US5922986A (en) * 1987-05-15 1999-07-13 Daimler-Benz Aerospace Ag Armor plate for vehicles
US4920852A (en) * 1988-05-10 1990-05-01 Ireco Incorporated Portable, self-contained explosives system
US6016754A (en) * 1997-12-18 2000-01-25 Olin Corporation Lead-free tin projectile
US6405627B1 (en) * 1999-03-08 2002-06-18 Mining Resource Engineering Limited Simple kit and method for humanitarian demining operations and explosive ordinance disposal

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