USPP7814P - Apple tree named `Sciros` - Google Patents

Apple tree named `Sciros` Download PDF

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Publication number
USPP7814P
USPP7814P US07/566,285 US56628590V US7814P US PP7814 P USPP7814 P US PP7814P US 56628590 V US56628590 V US 56628590V US 7814 P US7814 P US 7814P
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United States
Prior art keywords
medium
fruit
variety
apple
sciros
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Expired - Lifetime
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US07/566,285
Inventor
Don McKenzie, deceased
personal representative by Joy McKenzie
Allan G. White
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New Zealand Insitiute for Plant and Food Research Ltd
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Assigned to HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND reassignment HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MCKENZIE, JOY
Assigned to THE NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR PLANT AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED reassignment THE NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR PLANT AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED MERGER AND NAME CHANGE Assignors: NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR CROP AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED, THE HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND LIMITED
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7418Malus domestica, i.e. apples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/40Buckles
    • Y10T24/4058Penetrating prong
    • Y10T24/4065Pivoted

Abstract

The new and distinct variety is a selection from seedlings derived from crossing the apple varieties known as "Gala" (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) and "Splendour" (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,460). The fruit of the apple tree of this new variety has an attractive appearance characterized by its overall bright red color pattern. The new variety has been named "Sciros".

Description

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The new variety was selected from a population seedlings derived from crossing the apple varieties "Splendour" (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,460) and "Gala" (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) in 1984. The new variety was distinguishable from the parent varieties Splendour and Gala as well as the varieties Sciray; Sciglo; and Scieur (subject of co-pending applications filed on even date herewith by the same applicants). The features which distinguish the new variety from the aforementioned varieties are:
Gala: Later season, larger fruit size, block colour pattern, rose pink colour, more rounded shape.
Splendour: Taller fruit shape, less russet, later harvest season, firmer flesh, thicker skin.
Sciray: Later season, rounder shape, block colour pattern, rose-pink colour.
Sciglo: Later season, larger fruit size, rose-pink colour, block colour pattern, higher aroma.
Scieur: Later season, larger fruit size, fruit shape taller, rose-pink colour, fruit colour pattern block.
The new variety has been named the "Sciros" variety. Asexual propagation by budding shows that the unique combination of characteristics and distinctive colour come true to form and are established and transmitted through succeeding propagations.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The accompanying drawings show typical specimens of the foliage and fruit of the new variety as depicted in colours as nearly true as is reasonably possible to make the same in a colour illustration of this character.
FIG. 1 represents four views of an apple of the new variety:
View A is a side view of an apple of the variety.
View B is a bottom view of an apple of the variety.
View C is a cross sectional view of an apple of the variety.
View D is a top view of an apple of the variety.
FIG. 2 is a view showing five leaves of the variety.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE
The following is a detailed description of the new variety with color terminology in accordance with The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart (RHSCC) except where general color terms of ordinary meaning are used as is clear from the context.
The specimens described were grown at Havelock North, New Zealand. The observations were made in the 1989 season on trees which were three years old at the time.
The fruit ripened for eating towards late season. Specifically harvest commences about April 8 and ends about May 10 in New Zealand. The trees flowered in early October. Specifically blossom commences about October 2 and full bloom occurs about October 20 in New Zealand.
Tree: Medium-small; upright habit; bearing, on spurs; vigor medium with annual growth for five year old trees with MM106 rootstock being about 275 mm; spurs occurring at a rate of 3.5 per 10 cm. on three year old growth.
Trunk: Moderately rough; size, medium; the bark is RHSCC 200C when new and RHSCC 199A when old.
Branches: Thin; moderately rough; moderate branching; the angle of branching being commonly 25 degrees above the horizontal; the spread-to-height ratio being about 1.5 to 2.5.
Lenticels: Average; large.
Leaves:
Length.--4 15/16 inches.
Width.--23/8 inches; medium size; outward pose; medium length/width ratio of blade; upfolded to concave shape in cross section; serrate indentation of margin; medium glossiness of upper side; medium pubescence on lower side; medium petiole length; medium stipule size, medium time of bud burst; the color of the blade is RHSCC 137C, the stems are RHSCC 157A and 180C, and the veins are RHSCC 157A.
Flowers: Medium time of beginning of flowering (10% flowers); medium size; flat shape; margin of petals, overlapping; colour of bud just before flower opens, pink.
Fruit: Examined at peak maturity.
Soluble solids.--13.73.
Size.--Large; axial diameter, 2 9/16 inches; transverse diameter 2 5/6 inches.
Shape.--Uniform; long cylindrical to ellipsoid; symmetrical in side view; ribbing present; medium crowning at distal end.
Cavity.--Medium depth; medium width.
Basin.--Medium to deep depth; medium to broad width; ribbing present.
Stem.--Medium thickness (comparable to Cox's Orange Pippin); medium length (comparable to Granny Smith).
Calyx.--Open 10% of fruit; calyx tube length, long; calyx tube width, wide; calyx tube shape, U or V shape.
Sepal.--Length, medium; spacing, free.
Eye.--Size, large; aperture, open.
Skin.--Medium; smooth; bloom of skin, present; greasiness of skin, absent; cracking tendency of skin, absent; background colour, yellow-green RHSCC 2C.
Over colour.--Approximately fifty percent of over colour of skin; rosepink blush (red) RHSCC 46C; solid flush; weak amount of russet around stalk cavity.
Flesh.--Juicy; firm; yellowish; crisp; Penetrometer equals 7.12 kg.; medium browning of flesh (1 hour after cutting, stainless steel blade).
Texture.--Fine.
Flavour.--Strong sweetness, medium acidity (pH about 4.36); sweet with acid balance; similar acid than Gala, more aromatic than Splendour.
Weight of fruit.--250 gm.
Quality.--Excellent.
Core.--Distinctness of core line in cross section (median through locules), weak; aperture of locules in cross section, open; central cavity (in cross section), absent.
Sinus.--Closed.
Seeds.--Five locules; 8 to 10 seeds total, 2 seeds per locule maximum; seed length 7 mm.; seed width 4 mm.; form obtuse; color RHSCC 166C.
Use: Market; dessert.
Keeping quality: Very good; no disorders after 98 days.
Resistance to:
Insects.--Good.
Dieases.--Good.
Production: Early and regular cropping; tendency to biennial bearing if overcropped.
Growth habit: Standard, fruit bourne on short spurs.
Management: Trees require pruning in winter and fruit thinning in early summer. Trees in test plot trained as center leader trees. Natural habit is an open textured narrow conic tree with low to moderate branching.

Claims (1)

It is claimed:
1. A new and distinct variety of apple tree which is selected from seedlings derived from crossing the apple varieties known as Splendour (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,460) and Gala (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) substantially as shown and described, characterised by its overall bright red colour and sweet flavour.
US07/566,285 1990-08-13 1990-08-13 Apple tree named `Sciros` Expired - Lifetime USPP7814P (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07/566,285 USPP7814P (en) 1990-08-13 1990-08-13 Apple tree named `Sciros`

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07/566,285 USPP7814P (en) 1990-08-13 1990-08-13 Apple tree named `Sciros`

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USPP7814P true USPP7814P (en) 1992-03-03

Family

ID=24262256

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07/566,285 Expired - Lifetime USPP7814P (en) 1990-08-13 1990-08-13 Apple tree named `Sciros`

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USPP7814P (en)

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AS Assignment

Owner name: HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZE

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCKENZIE, JOY;REEL/FRAME:012295/0590

Effective date: 20010917

AS Assignment

Owner name: THE NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR PLANT AND FOOD RESEA

Free format text: MERGER AND NAME CHANGE;ASSIGNORS:THE HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND LIMITED;NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR CROP AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:023282/0660

Effective date: 20081201