USPP11092P - Apple tree named `Sciearly` - Google Patents

Apple tree named `Sciearly` Download PDF

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Publication number
USPP11092P
USPP11092P US08/906,764 US90676497V US11092P US PP11092 P USPP11092 P US PP11092P US 90676497 V US90676497 V US 90676497V US 11092 P US11092 P US 11092P
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medium
sciearly
variety
apple
plant pat
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US08/906,764
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Allan White
Donald McKenzie, deceased
Joy McKenzie
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New Zealand Insitiute for Plant and Food Research Ltd
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Individual
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Assigned to HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND reassignment HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MCKENZIE, JOY
Assigned to THE NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR PLANT AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED reassignment THE NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR PLANT AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED MERGER AND NAME CHANGE Assignors: NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR CROP AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED, THE HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND LIMITED
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7418Malus domestica, i.e. apples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits

Definitions

  • the new Malus domestica variety was selected from a population of seedlings derived from crossing the apple varieties ⁇ Splendour ⁇ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,460) and ⁇ Gala ⁇ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) in 1984.
  • the new variety was distinguishable from the parent varieties Splendour and Gala as well as the sister varieties ⁇ Sciray ⁇ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,815); ⁇ Sciglo ⁇ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,813); ⁇ Sciros ⁇ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,814) and ⁇ Scired ⁇ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 08/687,874).
  • the features which distinguish the new variety from the aforementioned varieties are:
  • Gala Sciearly fruit has earlier harvest season, larger size, and a block color pattern compared to the striped color pattern of Gala.
  • Splendour Sciearly fruit has earlier harvest season, firmer flesh, and thicker skin.
  • Sciray Sciearly fruit has block color pattern of dark red color compared to the light red striping of Sciray.
  • Sciglo Sciearly has earlier harvest season and larger fruit size.
  • Sciros Sciearly has an earlier harvest season, redder color, and rounder fruit shape.
  • Scired Sciearly fruit has rounder shape, earlier season, and less skin russeting.
  • the new variety has been named the ⁇ Sciearly ⁇ variety.
  • Asexual propagation shows that the unique combination of characteristics come true to form and are established and transmitted through succeeding propagation.
  • the breeders In order to obtain true-to-type clones of the initial plant, the breeders asexually propagated plants by budding dormant buds from the original seedling onto MM106 root stock.
  • FIG. 1 represents four views of an apple and foliage of the new variety:
  • FIG. 1 at the upper left hand, is a top view of an apple of the variety, while at the upper right hand is a bottom view of the apple of the variety.
  • at the lower left hand is a side view of the apple of the variety, while in the lower right hand is a cross-sectional view of an apple of the variety.
  • Tree Medium; spreading habit; bearing on shoots and spurs; medium vigor on MM106 rootstock.
  • Trunk Moderately rough; size, medium; brown; 166A when new, 165B when mature.
  • Branches Thin; moderately rough; moderate branching; large crotch angles, 30-60°; approximately 5 spurs/10 cm on 3 year old wood; length of annual growth, 80-100 cm.
  • Lenticels Average numbers; large size.
  • Leaves Medium size; upward pose; average length, 9.1 cm; average width, 4.4 cm; large length/width ratio of blade; upfolded to concave shape in cross section; serrate indentation of margin; medium glossiness of upper side; weak pubescence on lower side; medium petiole length, 2.8 cm; medium stipule size, medium time of bud burst.
  • the color of the blade is green, 139A.
  • Shape Short, globose, conical, symmetric in side view, ribbing absent; medium degree of crowning at distil end.
  • Cavity Medium depth, 1.2 cm; medium width, 3.6 cm.
  • Basin Medium depth, 0.91 cm; medium width, 2.8 cm.
  • Thick (comparable to Cox's Orange Pippin, an unpatented variety); medium to long length, 2.2 cm.
  • Sepal Length, medium; spacing, touching.
  • Skin Smooth; bloom of skin, absent; greasiness of skin, absent; cracking tendency of skin, absent; thickness, medium; background color, yellow-green 4C; lenticels, medium size.
  • Flesh Juicy; medium firmness; yellowish, 10D; crisp; weak browning of flesh 1 hour after cutting.
  • Flavor Strong sweetness, medium acidity, mild aroma, milder flavor than Gala.
  • Core Distinctness of core line in cross section (median through locules), medium; aperture of locules in cross section, open.
  • Seeds Five locules; 8 to 10 seeds total, 2 seeds per locule maximum; seeds of medium size, 0.9 cm long, 0.5 cm wide; form obtuse; color dark brown, 175B.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases Medium susceptibility to major pests and diseases of apple.

Abstract

The new and distinct variety is a selection from seedlings derived from crossing the apple varieties known as `Gala` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) and `Splendour` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,460). The fruit of the apple tree of this new variety has an attractive appearance characterized by its early harvest season, large fruit size, and overall dark red block color pattern. The new variety has been named `Sciearly`.

Description

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The new Malus domestica variety was selected from a population of seedlings derived from crossing the apple varieties `Splendour` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,460) and `Gala` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) in 1984. The new variety was distinguishable from the parent varieties Splendour and Gala as well as the sister varieties `Sciray` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,815); `Sciglo` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,813); `Sciros` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,814) and `Scired` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 08/687,874). The features which distinguish the new variety from the aforementioned varieties are:
Gala: Sciearly fruit has earlier harvest season, larger size, and a block color pattern compared to the striped color pattern of Gala.
Splendour: Sciearly fruit has earlier harvest season, firmer flesh, and thicker skin.
Sciray: Sciearly fruit has block color pattern of dark red color compared to the light red striping of Sciray.
Sciglo: Sciearly has earlier harvest season and larger fruit size.
Sciros: Sciearly has an earlier harvest season, redder color, and rounder fruit shape.
Scired: Sciearly fruit has rounder shape, earlier season, and less skin russeting.
The new variety has been named the `Sciearly` variety. Asexual propagation shows that the unique combination of characteristics come true to form and are established and transmitted through succeeding propagation. In order to obtain true-to-type clones of the initial plant, the breeders asexually propagated plants by budding dormant buds from the original seedling onto MM106 root stock.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The accompanying drawings show typical specimens of the foliage and fruit of the new variety as depicted in colors as nearly true as is reasonably possible to make the same in a color illustration of this character.
FIG. 1 represents four views of an apple and foliage of the new variety:
In FIG. 1, at the upper left hand, is a top view of an apple of the variety, while at the upper right hand is a bottom view of the apple of the variety. In FIG. 1, at the lower left hand is a side view of the apple of the variety, while in the lower right hand is a cross-sectional view of an apple of the variety.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE
The following is a detailed description of the new variety with color terminology in accordance with The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Charts (R.H.S.C.C.).
The specimens described were grown at Havelock North, New Zealand. The observations were made in the 1996 season on trees which were eight years old at the time.
Tree: Medium; spreading habit; bearing on shoots and spurs; medium vigor on MM106 rootstock.
Trunk: Moderately rough; size, medium; brown; 166A when new, 165B when mature.
Branches: Thin; moderately rough; moderate branching; large crotch angles, 30-60°; approximately 5 spurs/10 cm on 3 year old wood; length of annual growth, 80-100 cm.
Lenticels: Average numbers; large size.
Leaves: Medium size; upward pose; average length, 9.1 cm; average width, 4.4 cm; large length/width ratio of blade; upfolded to concave shape in cross section; serrate indentation of margin; medium glossiness of upper side; weak pubescence on lower side; medium petiole length, 2.8 cm; medium stipule size, medium time of bud burst. The color of the blade is green, 139A.
Flowers: Medium time of beginning of flowering (10% flowers), blossom commenced about October 5, full bloom occurs about October 10; medium size; flat shape; margin of petals, overlapping; color of bud just before flower opens, pink, 63C.
Fruit: Examined at optimum maturity. The fruit ripens for eating in the early season. Harvest commences about February 5 and ends about February 30 in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand.
Size: Large to very large; average width, 7.6 cm; average height, 6.2 cm; average weight, 203 gms.
Shape: Short, globose, conical, symmetric in side view, ribbing absent; medium degree of crowning at distil end.
Cavity: Medium depth, 1.2 cm; medium width, 3.6 cm.
Basin: Medium depth, 0.91 cm; medium width, 2.8 cm.
Stem: Thick (comparable to Cox's Orange Pippin, an unpatented variety); medium to long length, 2.2 cm.
Sepal: Length, medium; spacing, touching.
Eye: Size, medium; aperture, closed.
Skin: Smooth; bloom of skin, absent; greasiness of skin, absent; cracking tendency of skin, absent; thickness, medium; background color, yellow-green 4C; lenticels, medium size.
Over Color: Approximately 80% of skin surface; dark red solid flush, 46A; low amount of russet around stalk cavity.
Flesh: Juicy; medium firmness; yellowish, 10D; crisp; weak browning of flesh 1 hour after cutting.
Texture: Medium.
Flavor: Strong sweetness, medium acidity, mild aroma, milder flavor than Gala.
Quality: Excellent for fresh consumption.
Core: Distinctness of core line in cross section (median through locules), medium; aperture of locules in cross section, open.
Sinus: Closed.
Seeds: Five locules; 8 to 10 seeds total, 2 seeds per locule maximum; seeds of medium size, 0.9 cm long, 0.5 cm wide; form obtuse; color dark brown, 175B.
Use: Dessert.
Keeping quality: Very good. No significant disorders after 100 days storage.
Resistance to pests and diseases: Medium susceptibility to major pests and diseases of apple.
Production: Early and regular cropping, very good fruit size even when carrying a large crop. No biennial bearing observed. Trees require pruning in winter to create an open tree structure for good light interception.
Pollinator: No specific pollinator is required, but cross pollination is necessary since the plant cannot efficiently pollinate itself.

Claims (1)

It is claimed:
1. A new and distinct variety of apple tree which was selected from seedlings derived from crossing the apple varieties known as `Splendour` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 2,460) and `Gala` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) substantially as shown and described, characterized by its early harvest season, large fruit size and overall dark red color and sweet flavor.
US08/906,764 1997-08-05 1997-08-05 Apple tree named `Sciearly` Expired - Lifetime USPP11092P (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08/906,764 USPP11092P (en) 1997-08-05 1997-08-05 Apple tree named `Sciearly`

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08/906,764 USPP11092P (en) 1997-08-05 1997-08-05 Apple tree named `Sciearly`

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USPP11092P true USPP11092P (en) 1999-10-12

Family

ID=25422938

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08/906,764 Expired - Lifetime USPP11092P (en) 1997-08-05 1997-08-05 Apple tree named `Sciearly`

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US (1) USPP11092P (en)

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
UPOV CD Rom, 98/01, Apple named Sciearly , PBR APP088, New Zealand, 1993. *
UPOV CD-Rom, 98/01, Apple named `Sciearly`, PBR APP088, New Zealand, 1993.

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Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCKENZIE, JOY;REEL/FRAME:012295/0590

Effective date: 20010917

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Owner name: THE NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR PLANT AND FOOD RESEA

Free format text: MERGER AND NAME CHANGE;ASSIGNORS:THE HORTICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NEW ZEALAND LIMITED;NEW ZEALAND INSTITUTE FOR CROP AND FOOD RESEARCH LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:023282/0531

Effective date: 20081201