USPP32964P3 - Apple tree named ‘BABYLOVE’ - Google PatentsApple tree named ‘BABYLOVE’ Download PDF
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- USPP32964P3 USPP32964P3 US16/602,676 US201916602676V USPP32964P3 US PP32964 P3 USPP32964 P3 US PP32964P3 US 201916602676 V US201916602676 V US 201916602676V US PP32964 P3 USPP32964 P3 US PP32964P3
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- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A01—AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
- A01H—NEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
- A01H6/00—Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
- A01H6/74—Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
- A01H6/7418—Malus domestica, i.e. apples
- Generally: The first year the apple tree is generally cut at 2.50 meters height. The length in one year for each lateral shoot varies from 0.60 meters to 0.80 meters. We are cutting the apple trees during the second year to a height of 2.50 meters. The form of the apple trees is cylindrical and the diameter is limited to 1 meter.
- Size.—Medium to high as compared to other commercial apple cultivars. The tree size the first year was approximately 2.50 meters. The tree was pruned during each following dormant season to a height of approximately 2.50 meters. Current season's shoots growth could reach 0.80 meters. So, the tree size from the second year (second and next years) reached a final height of 3.10 to 3.30 meters with current seasons shoots length comprised.
- Spread.—Approximately 1.0 meter with a cylindrical shape. The whole orchard was oriented to a central leader organization, with tree lines spaced of 4.0 meters and trees spaced of 1 meter in a same tree line.
- Vigor.—Medium, tree growth reaches 0.60 to 0.80 meters the first growing season.
- Productivity.—Good to very good productivity, every year and without alternation. The new variety produces adequate fruit set annually on a regular basis. The number of the fruit set varies with the prevailing climatic conditions and cultivar practices employed during the bloom period and is therefore not distinctive of the present variety.
- Bearer.—Very regular every year.
- Type of bearing.—On spurs and long shoots.
- Form.—Naturally semi-spread.
- Hardiness.—Hardy in all stone fruit growing areas of France and especially where the chilling requirement is between 700 and 1200 hours. More particularly, experimentations on the same orchard in Elne, Pyrénées-Orientales department, with winter chilling requirement below 7.2° C. comprised between 700 hours and 1200 hours according to the specificities of the year, namely 1031 hours in 2012-2013, 777 hours in 2013-2014, 893 hours in 2014-2015, 718 hours in 2015-2016, 825 hours in 2016-2017, 1017 hours in 2017-2018, and 844 hours in 2018-2019 showed a good behavior of the tree in all cases.
- No injury with temperatures as low as −12° C. in winter.—Good resistance to late frosts.
- Size.—Medium. Approximately 35.0 to 40.0 millimeters (4th growing season) above 20.0 centimeters above the ground.
- Bark texture.—Rough with lenticels.
- Lenticels.—Small number of lenticels. The number of lenticels reaches 1 lenticel per cm2.
- Lenticels size.—Approximately 1.0 to 1.5 millimeters height and between 3.0 and 3.5 millimeters width (4th growing season).
- Lenticels color.—Color of lenticels is considered beige (RHS Greyed Orange 164 D).
- Bark color.—Brown (RHS Brown N200 B) to grey (RHS Grey 201 A).
- Diameter.—Branches at the 2nd growing season have an average diameter of 7.0 to 9.0 millimeters.
- Surface texture.—Wood which is several years old has no furrowed appearance.
- Lenticels.—Lenticels on mature branches are small with a diameter of about 0.5 to 1.0 millimeter and a round shape. The number of lenticels reaches on mature branches 5 lenticels per cm2. The lenticel color is beige (RHS Greyed Orange 164 C or RHS Greyed Orange 164 D).
- Color.—Branches are brown (RHS Grey Brown N199 A).
- Crotch angles.—Approximately 75.0 degrees from the supporting branch. This particular characteristic is not considered distinctive of the variety, however.
- Internode.—Generally from 21.0 to 25.0 millimeters length.
- Current season shoots:
- Diameter.—Average diameter from 5.0 to 6.0 millimeters.
- Surface texture.—Rough, with approximately 5 lenticels per cm2.
- Lenticels.—Considered small with a diameter of about 0.5 to 1.0 millimeter and a round shape. The lenticel color is beige (RHS Greyed Orange 164 C or RHS Greyed Orange 164 D).
- Crotch angles.—Approximately 65 degrees from the supporting branch. This particular characteristic is not considered distinctive of the variety, however.
- Internode.—Generally from 17.0 millimeters to 22.0 millimeters length.
- Color.—The color of current season shoots is considered brown (RHS Brown 200 A or RHS Brown 200 B) on lower part of shoots, and the color of the upper part is similar and colored in brown (RHS Brown 200 A or RHS Brown 200 B).
- Bud scales:
- Size.—Medium to large.
- Shape.—Elongated and conic in shape.
- Surface texture.—Pubescent.
- Color.—The inside of the bud scales is yellow green (RHS Yellow Green 145 A) and the outside of the bud scales is purple brown (RHS Greyed Purple 183 A).
- Size.—Small to medium for the species. The ratio leaf length/leaf width is 1.898.
- Length.—The medium length is 85.0 to 90.0 millimeters without leaf petiole.
- Width.—The medium width is 45.67 millimeters.
- Leaf form in transverse section.—Concave.
- Leaf form.—Entire.
- Margins.—Slightly undulating.
- Margins shape.—Bicrenate.
- Surface texture.—No pubescence on lower surface of the leaves. No pubescence on upper surface.
- Thickness.—Considered thick.
- Leaf color:
- Upper leaf surface.—Green (RHS Green 137 A).
- Lower surface.—A lighter green (RHS Yellow Green 146 B) than the upper leaf surface color.
- Leaf veins:
- Leaf venation.—Pinnately veined.
- Width.—Approximately 2.0 millimeters.
- Color.—Light green (RHS Yellow Green 151 C) to purple (RHS Greyed Red 178 A), evolves with maturity.
- Secondary veins:
- Color.—Light green (RHS Yellow Green 151 C).
- Leaf petioles:
- Length.—About 28.0 to 32.0 millimeters. The ratio between the leaf length and the petiole length is approximately 3.
- Diameter.—About 2.0 to 2.5 millimeters.
- Color.—Upper surface dark purple (RHS Greyed Purple 187 A). Lower surface purple (RHS Greyed Purple 183 A).
- Leaf stipules:
- Generally.—No leaf stipules were observed.
- Flower buds:
- Generally.—At pre-floral stage of development, the floral bunches are made up with 5 to 6 floral buds having a conic shape with a round tip. Their form is evolving until blooming, with variables dimensions. Just before blooming, floral buds are approximately 8.0 to 10.0 millimeters in diameter and approximately 16.0 to 18.0 millimeters long.
- Distribution of flower buds.—The distribution of the flower buds is considered homogenous on the trees.
- Color.—This characteristic is dependent upon the proximity to bloom. At pre-floral stage of development, the bottom of the flowers buds, or calyx formed by sepals, or flower receptacle, the inner surface is of green color (RHS Yellow Green N144 A) and the outer surface is also considered green (RHS Yellow Green 147 C or RHS Yellow Green 147 D). The corolla formed by petals, is generally red to purple (RHS Greyed Purple 185 A or RHS Red Purple 60 A).
- Hardiness.—The buds are considered hardy under typical central Pyrénées-Orientales department climatic conditions. No winter injury was noted during the last several years of evaluation in the central Pyrénées-Orientales department, with winter temperatures as low as −10° C. in January. The current variety has not been intentionally subjected to drought or heat stress, but the variety showed a very good resistance in orchard to temperatures up to 42° C. with an average temperature between 28° C. and 30° C. during 3 weeks in summer.
- Date of bloom.—Generally early in April. The first bloom was observed from Apr. 13 until Apr. 21, 2016.
- Blooming time.—Considered medium in relative comparison to other commercial apple cultivars grown in the Pyrénées-Orientales department, France. The date of bloom varies slightly with climatic conditions and cultural practices. Thus, the full bloom was observed from Apr. 13 until Apr. 21, 2016, and then from Mar. 29 until Apr. 9, 2017.
- Blooming period.—Average 9 to 12 days. This characteristic varies slightly with the prevailing climatic conditions.
- Flower type.—The variety is considered to have a showy type flower (rosette).
- Flower size.—Considered large. Average diameter of the corolla is between 46.0 and 52.0 millimeters when totally opened.
- Bloom quantity.—Between 120 and 150 flowers per meter.
- Flower bud frequency.—Generally 5 to 6 flower buds appear per node.
- Size.—Considered medium to large for the species.
- Length.—Generally between 28.0 and 31.0 millimeters.
- Width.—Generally between 22.0 and 24.0 millimeters.
- Petal form.—Round.
- Petal margins.—Smooth to slightly undulating.
- Petal count.—Usually 5.
- Arrangement of petals.—Intermediate.
- Petal texture.—Smooth.
- Petal color.—White (RHS White N155 B) with violet pink spots (RHS Greyed Purple 186 A) on the outer surface of the petals.
- Petal apex:
- Generally.—The petal apices are generally wide dome shaped.
- Petal claw:
- Form.—The claw is considered to have a narrow form.
- Length.—Approximately 2.0 to 3.0 millimeters.
- Width.—Approximately 1.5 millimeters.
- Color.—White (RHS WHITE N155 B), similar to the petal color.
- Flower pedicel:
- Length.—Average length between 18.0 to 23.0 millimeters.
- Diameter.—Between 1.0 and 1.25 millimeters.
- Color.—Green (RHS Yellow Green 146 B or RHS Yellow Green 146 C).
- Color.—At the stage F of blooming, when the flower is open, the inner surface of the calyx, or flower receptacle, is of green color (RHS Yellow Green N144 A). The outer surface of the calyx is also considered green (RHS Yellow Green 147 C or RHS Yellow Green 147 D).
- Texture.—The inner surface is smooth.
- Size.—Usually considered medium.
- Length.—Approximately 6.0 to 8.0 millimeters.
- Width.—Approximately 4.0 to 5.0 millimeters.
- Number.—Generally 5 sepals per flower.
- Sepal form.—Conic.
- Texture.—The sepals show a thin pubescence.
- Color.—Upper surface of the sepals is green (RHS Yellow Green 147 C) and slightly brown near the apex, and the lower surface is green (RHS Yellow Green 146 B).
- Average number of stamens per flower.—Approximately 18 to 20 stamens per flower.
- Size.—Variable in length, approximately between 10.0 and 12.0 millimeters in length, generally higher than pistil's length.
- Size compared to petals.—The size of stamens is smaller than the size of petals.
- Color.—Considered white (RHS Green White 157 B).
- Generally.—The pistil is composed with carpels. The pistil is considered smaller than the stamens.
- Length.—Approximately 9.0 to 11.0 millimeters long including the ovary, smaller than stamen's length.
- Color.—Considered green (RHS Yellow Green 144 B to RHS Yellow Green 144 C).
- Diameter.—Approximately 0.9 millimeter.
- Color.—Light green (RHS Yellow Green 151 A).
- Length.—Approximately 2.0 to 2.5 millimeters.
- Diameter.—Approximately 2.0 to 2.5 millimeters.
- Color.—Green (RHS Yellow Green 144 B).
- Color.—Considered Yellow (RHS Yellow 6 D).
- Generally.—Pollen is abundant and stamens are fertile.
- Color.—Pollen has a yellow color (RHS Yellow 11 A) which may evolve with maturity.
- Maturity when described.—Firm to very firm at maturity.
- Date of first picking.—Oct. 14, 2015, varies slightly with climatic conditions.
- Date of last picking.—Oct. 2, 2017 varies slightly with climatic conditions. The harvest is generally performed in two runs.
- Ripening period.—The ripening period is considered very late; it generally begins during the first two weeks of October. Last known picking times carry on from Oct. 14 to Oct. 18, 2015, then from Oct. 9 to Oct. 17, 2016, then from Oct. 2 to Oct. 11, 2017, then from Oct. 4 to Oct. 12, 2018 and then from Oct. 9 to Oct. 17, 2019.
- Generally.—Considered small to very small (“baby apple”), with a homogeneous size between them.
- Average transversal diameter.—About 52.0 to 55.0 millimeters.
- Average axial diameter.—About 41.0 to 43.0 millimeters.
- Typical weight.—Generally, between 70.0 grams. This characteristic is highly dependent upon the prevailing cultural practices, and therefore is not particularly distinctive of the variety.
- Position of the maximum diameter.—At the middle of the fruit.
- Fruit form:
- Generally.—Round and slightly flattened, obloid.
- Fruit ribbing.—Absent.
- Fruit suture.—Absent.
- Form of the ventral surface.—Smooth.
- Apex.—Generally slightly depressed, non prominent.
- Base.—Wide-mouthed, shallow.
- Fruit stem:
- Generally.—Considered short to medium.
- Length.—Between 16.0 and 20.0 millimeters.
- Diameter.—About 1.0 to 2.0 millimeters.
- Color.—Greenish (RHS Yellow Green 152 A).
- Stem cavity:
- Form.—Shallow and semi-narrow.
- Depth.—Average depth between 8.0 and 10.0 millimeters.
- Width.—Between 11.0 and 14.0 millimeters.
- Fruit eye basin:
- Depth.—Average depth between 3.0 and 5.0 millimeters.
- Width.—Between 9.0 and 11.0 millimeters.
- Pubescence.—The calyx shows a thin pubescence.
- Size.—Considered small. Approximately 4.0 millimeters.
- Calyx lobes.—Generally, these lobes are not prominent on the fruit.
- Calyx tubes.—Narrow, with the floral stamens in the tubes.
- Length of sepals.—Between 3.0 and 4.0 millimeters.
- Position.—In the middle.
- Fruit skin:
- Thickness.—Considered thin and strong.
- Texture.—Smooth and glabrous.
- Tendency to crack.—None.
- Number.—Medium. About 1 lenticel per cm2 of fruit skin.
- Diameter.—Approximately 1.0 millimeter.
- Color.—White to light beige (RHS Yellow White 158 D).
- Skin color:
- Over color.—This over color is considered a luminous orange red (RHS Orange Red N34 A) to red (RHS Red 46 A) and covers 95% of fruit skin.
- Pattern of over color.—Solid flush with weakly defined stripes.
- Ground color.—The ground color is yellow orange (RHS Yellow Orange 18 A) and covers at the most 5% of the fruit skin.
- Russet around stem cavity.—Very low.
- Russet on cheek.—Absent or very weak.
- Russet around eye basin.—Absent or very weak.
- Generally.—Long shelf life after harvesting.
- Texture.—Crunchy, melty.
- Fibers.—No fibers.
- Firmness.—Firm to very firm.
- Juice.—Juicy at ripeness.
- Taste.—Semi sweet, good to very good and aromatic.
- Brix.—Superior to 12.0 degrees until 12.8 degrees. The medium Brix is 12.4 degrees and varies slightly with amount of fruit per tree and climatic conditions.
- Color.—White (RHS White 155 A) at ripening time.
- Aperture of locules in transverse section.—Moderately open.
- Width of locules.—Approximately 1.0 millimeter.
- Form of locules.—Flattened.
- Vascular bundles.—The number of vascular bundles is 10.
- Fruit core:
- Position.—At the middle of the fruit.
- Distinctness of core line.—Distinct.
- Count.—Generally 8 seeds are present per fruit.
- Number of seeds per locule.—Usually 4 to 5 seeds per locule.
- Size.—Small to medium.
- Length.—Approximately 6.0 millimeters.
- Width.—Approximately 3.0 millimeters.
- Color.—Considered dark Brown (RHS Greyed Orange 166 A) at ripeness.
- Use: Dessert, fresh products, fruit juice.
- Market.—Local and long distance. On the tree fruits can stay 10 days while keeping good gustative qualities. The lifetime after picking is also good.
- Keeping quality: Good, held well for 3 to 4 months in cold storage at 1° C. and maintained good appearance and eating quality. At room temperature (18° C.), fruits are well preserved for about 2 months.
- Shipping quality: Good, showed minimal bruising or scarring during picking, packing and shipping trials.
- Plant/fruit disease resistance/susceptibility: In our growing conditions, no particular symptom was noticed. The ‘BABYLOVE’ apple tree seems to be not much sensitive to russeting or bitter pit, to apple withering, to rot, to Monilia or Oidium, to aphids, to leafhopper. The new variety also seems to be resistant to apple scab.
- Robustness to winter: Very good for trees and flower buds.
- Tolerance to dryness: Good.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US16/602,676 USPP32964P3 (en)||2019-11-20||2019-11-20||Apple tree named ‘BABYLOVE’|
Applications Claiming Priority (2)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US16/602,676 USPP32964P3 (en)||2019-11-20||2019-11-20||Apple tree named ‘BABYLOVE’|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US20200178433P1 US20200178433P1 (en)||2020-06-04|
|USPP32964P3 true USPP32964P3 (en)||2021-04-13|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US16/602,676 Active 2040-03-09 USPP32964P3 (en)||2019-11-20||2019-11-20||Apple tree named ‘BABYLOVE’|
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|US (1)||USPP32964P3 (en)|
- 2019-11-20 US US16/602,676 patent/USPP32964P3/en active Active
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