USPP29635P3 - Peach tree named ‘FLATWO’ - Google Patents

Peach tree named ‘FLATWO’ Download PDF

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USPP29635P3
USPP29635P3 US15/330,878 US201615330878V USPP29635P3 US PP29635 P3 USPP29635 P3 US PP29635P3 US 201615330878 V US201615330878 V US 201615330878V US PP29635 P3 USPP29635 P3 US PP29635P3
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Arsene Maillard
Laurence Maillard
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Argo Selections Fruits
Agro Selection Fruits SARL
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Agro Selection Fruits SARL
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Priority to US15/330,878 priority patent/USPP29635P3/en
Assigned to ARGO SELECTIONS FRUITS reassignment ARGO SELECTIONS FRUITS ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MAILLARD, ARSENE, MAILLARD, LAURENCE
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    • A01H5/0868
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7427Prunus, e.g. almonds
    • A01H6/7463Peaches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits

Abstract

A new and distinct variety of white flat peach tree denominated ‘FLATWO’ which have fruits with high eating quality, an early ripening time and a very long shelf life without alteration before and after harvesting, the fruits having a semi-sweet white flesh, with a slightly red pigmentation when the fruits reach their maturity, and an attractive skin with a high percentage of purple red blush on skin surface, on a marbled orange red background.

Description

Botanical classification: Prunus persica (L.) Batsch.
Variety denomination: ‘FLATWO’.
This application claims priority of Community plant variety right No. 2015/2864 filed on Nov. 27, 2015 which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.
BACKGROUND OF THE NEW VARIETY
The present invention relates to a new and distinct variety of white flat peach tree, Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, which has been given the variety denomination ‘FLATWO’.
This new tree produces fruits with a long shelf life without alteration both on the tree after growth completion and after harvesting, very good eating quality, semi-clingstone white flesh fruits, with a slightly red pigmentation around and into the stone cavity, for fresh market early in June in the Pyrénées-Orientales department, France.
ORIGIN OF THE VARIETY
The ‘FLATWO’ white flat peach tree originated from a cultivated area of the south of France, in the Pyrénées-Orientales department, where it was tested.
This place is under a Mediterranean climate (a temperate area), on the Mediterranean coastline. Winters are gentle and summers warm and dry. The amount of days with temperatures below 7° Celsius can vary between 600 and 1200 hours per year. The place is sunny, with 2400 to 2800 hours of sunny days per year on average. The prevailing wind is called ‘Tramontane’: it dries the air, clears the sky from clouds, but its intensity can be strong and affect the harvest, fruit quantity and/or quality. Marine moisture does not affect the place. Precipitations are irregular through the year and from one year to another. The amount of rainy days does not exceed 80 days per year, and are mostly found in Spring and Autumn. In May and October, very intense precipitations occasionally happen. Summer is dry with a few thunderstorms.
The ‘FLATWO’ variety results from a pollinated cross between the white nectarine variety named ‘ASF 0621’ which was used as the seed parent, and the ‘FLATREINE’ white flat peach tree, also known as ASFPBF0796 (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 22,495) which was used as the pollen parent.
The ‘FLATWO’ variety was obtained by hybridizing and propagated by grafting on a ‘INRA® GF677’ (non-patented) rootstock trees. It has been determined to have unique tree and fruit characteristics making it worthy for commercial fresh fruit production. There are no known effects of the standard rootstock trees set forth above on the scion cultivar. Asexually propagated plants remained true to the original tree and all characteristics of the tree and the fruit were transmitted. The plant was reproduced asexually by us in Les Régalines, Route d'Alenya, La Prade de Mousseillous, 66200 ELNE, Pyrénées-Orientales, France. More particularly, the plant was reproduced by grafting.
SUMMARY OF THE VARIETY
The new and distinct variety ‘FLATWO’ white flat peach tree blooms at the end of February or early in March near Elne in the Pyrénées-Orientales department, France. The blooming period is considered early. However, it was observed that its date of blooming seems to be highly dependant on climatic conditions.
The first fruit of ‘FLATWO’ ripens early season, generally during the first two weeks of June. More particularly, ripening time usually begins from June 1st to June 22nd. However, it was observed that its date of maturity seems to be highly dependant on climatic conditions.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
In the accompanying drawings, colors are as nearly true as it is reasonably possible to make in a color illustration of this type:
FIGS. 1 and 2 are color photographs showing a branch of a tree of the new variety in an orchard, bearing fruits;
FIG. 3 is a color photograph which depicts the flower buds at different development stages, and the reverse and side view of the flower and the reproductive organs with petals removed, of the new variety.
FIG. 4 is a close view of three typical specimens of the fruit of the new variety ‘FLATWO’ at ripening time, one fruit having been cut in half with the pit being left in one of the halves for depicting leaves, fruit flesh, pit and pit cavity of the new variety.
The enclosed photographs show plants in their third growing season.
Due to chemical development, processing and printing, the flowers, stones and fruits depicted in these photographs may or may not be accurate when compared to the actual botanical specimen.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
The tree, flowers, and fruit may vary in slight detail due to variations in soil type, cultural practices, and climatic condition. The potential for commercial production of fresh fruits by ‘FLATWO’ is high, due to fruit very long shelf life without alteration after harvesting.
Trees are vigorous and large stature half-standing in a semi-flared out aspect. The anthocyanic coloration of flowering shoot is present excluding brushwood side away from sun. The time of beginning of flowering is considered early; flowering begins at the end of February or early in March. The type of flower is showy with medium petal size. Petals are medium pink. Leaf glands are present and reniform. The fruit flesh is white and generally with a red pigmentation when reaching maturity. The fruit skin is thick, with a luminous purple red blush on a marbled orange red background. The stone is semi-clingstone and size is small. Fruit taste is semi-sweet, very aromatic and with a high level of sugars.
Compared to ‘ASFPBF0796’ variety (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 22,495), its male parent, ‘FLATWO’ variety blooms 2 to 3 days earlier and the fruits of ‘FLATWO’ variety ripen approximately more than 1 month earlier. The maturity of ‘FLATWO’ variety is considered early.
Compared to ‘FLATEARLY’ (not patented) variety, ‘FLATWO’ variety blooms approximately at the same time and ‘FLATWO’ fruits ripen 2 days earlier. The size of ‘FLATEARLY’ fruits is considered homogenous A whereas the size of the new variety fruits is considered homogenous A-2A. The ‘FLATEARLY’ variety has a closed blossom end whereas the new variety ‘FLATWO’ has a perfect and totally closed blossom end.
Compared to its female parent, the white nectarine variety named ‘ASF 0621’, the new variety ‘FLATWO’ is a white flat peach. The flavour of ‘ASF 0621’ is balanced whereas the flavour of the new variety ‘FLATWO’ is semi-sweet. The flowering of ‘ASF 0621’ begins generally 3 or 4 days before the beginning of the flowering of ‘FLATWO’. The fruits of ‘ASF 0621’ also ripen earlier than the fruits of ‘FLATWO’, generally 5 or 6 days earlier.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
Referring more specifically to the pomological details of this new and distinct variety of white flat peach tree, the following was observed on trees in their third growing season (second year of production) under the ecological conditions prevailing at the orchards located near the town of Elne, Pyrénées-Orientales departement, France. All observations have been done on rootstock cultivars. Used rootstocks were ‘INRA® GF677’ (non-patented) trees. All major color code designations are by reference to The R.H.S. Color Chart (Fourth Edition) provided by The Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain.
  • Tree:
      • Size.—Generally. — Considered large. The tree size the first year was approximately 200 to 280 cm. The tree was pruned during each following dormant season to a height of approximately 250 cm. Current season shoots growth could reach 80 cm. The tree size from the second year (second and next years) reached a final height of 330 cm including current season shoots length. The tree size is consistently reduces to 250 cm the next years.
      • Spread.—Approximately 100 cm with a cylindrical shape. The whole orchard was oriented to a central leader organization, with tree lines spaced of 4.0 meters and trees spaced of 1.0 meter in a same tree line. As a result, tree spread was about 100 cm and the orchard contained 2500 trees by hectare.
      • Vigor.—Considered strong.
      • Productivity.—Very Productive. Fruit set is spaced by thinning to develop the fruit into the desired market sized fruit. The number of the fruit set varies with the prevailing climatic conditions and cultural practices employed during the bloom period, and is therefore not distinctive of the present variety. A reduced vegetation, obtained with pruning or green pruning, approximately 1 month or 1 month ½ before harvesting flat fruits, significantly promotes fruit qualities, especially growth, color and firmness. Moreover, contamination risks due to monilia or rot are significantly reduced. ‘FLATWO’ variety is not much sensitive to cracking of pistil cavity, to cork formation into peduncle cavity or to monilia.
      • Bearer.—Very regular. The fruit distribution is considered homogenous on mixed branches and spurs having more than 1 year. Thinning of 2 fruits out of 3 was necessary for the tree valorisation. Thinning was necessary every year during the years of observation.
      • Form.—The ‘FLATWO’ variety has naturally a semi-flared shape.
      • Density.—Considered dense.
      • Hardiness.—The present tree was grown and evaluated in France. The variety appears to be hardy under the central Pyrénées-Orientales departement typical climatic conditions. Experimentations on the same orchard in Elne, Pyrénées-Orienteles department, with winter chilling requirement below 7.2° C. comprised between 350 hours and 1200 hours according to the specificities of the year, namely 1076 hours in 2012-2013, 767 hours in 2013-2014, 552 hours in 2014-2015, 721 hours in 2015-2016, and 784 hours in 2016-2017 showed a good behavior of the tree in all cases. Traditionally, flat fruits are more sensitive to critical low temperatures and to climatic variations, because of the flower morphology in which the ovule is less protected than in the classical round fruits. Thus, areas not much exposed to frost are recommended for trees growth. However ‘FLATWO’ trees seem to be very resistant to critical frosty weather.
  • Trunk:
      • Diameter.—Approximately 50.0 millimeters in diameter when measured at a distance of approximately 20.0 centimeters above the soil or the graft level.
      • Bark texture.—Considered rough, with lenticels.
      • Lenticels.—Numerous lenticels are present, about 3 lenticels per cm2. The lenticels range in size from approximately 4.0 millimeters in width, and about 2.0 millimeters in height.
      • Lenticel color.—The lenticels have a light brown to beige color (RHS Greyed Brown N 199 D).
      • Bark coloration.—The bark has a light light grey color (RHS Grey 201 A or RHS Grey 201 B).
  • Branches:
      • Size.—Mature branches and current season shoots are considered medium for the variety.
      • Diameter.—Average as compared to other peach varieties. The current season shoots have a diameter of approximately 4.0 millimeters, and mature branches have a diameter of approximately 6.0 millimeters.
      • Surface texture.—Smooth, wood which is several years old has no furrowed appearance.
      • Crotch angles.—Primary branches are considered variable, but the crotch angles are generally of 60 degrees from the horizontal axis. This particular characteristic is not considered distinctive of the variety, however.
      • Current season shoots.—Internode length: Generally 16.0 millimeters. Color. — The color of new shoot tips is considered light green (RHS Yellow Green 145 A) on lower part of new shoot tips, whereas the upper part is darker and colored in brown to purple red more or less deep (RHS Greyed Purple 183 A to RHS Greyed Purple 183 B), depending on the level on the tip and the sunlight exposure.
      • Mature branches.—Internode length: Generally 23.0 millimeters. Color. — The color of mature branches is considered light brown (RHS Grey Brown 199A).
      • Lenticels.—Numerous lenticels are present on mature branches, about 3 to 4 lenticels per cm2. The lenticels range in size from approximately 1.0 millimeter in width, and about 1.5 to 2.0 millimeters in height.
      • Lenticel color.—The lenticels have a beige color (RHS Greyed Yellow 161 B or RHS Greyed Yellow 161 C).
  • Leaves:
      • Size.—Considered medium for the species. The ratio leaf length/leaf width is 160.4/44.0=3.64. This ratio is calculated with the medium length of five measures taken on five different leaves (160.4 millimeters), divided by the medium width of also five measures (44.0 millimeters).
      • Leaf length.—Approximately 150.0 to 172.0 millimeters with leaf petiole. The medium length is about 160.4 millimeters.
      • Leaf width.—Approximately 39.0 to 52.0 millimeters. The medium width is 44.0 millimeters.
      • Leaf base shape.—Concave.
      • Leaf form.—Lanceolate.
      • Leaf tip form.—Short, pointed and acuminate.
      • Leaf color.—Upper leaf surface. — Yellow Green (RHS Yellow Green 147 A). Lower surface. — A lighter green (RHS Yellow Green 146 A or RHS Yellow Green 146 B) than the upper leaf surface color.
      • Leaf texture.—Smooth and glabrous.
      • Leaf venation.—Pinnately veined.
      • Mid-vein.—Color. — Light green, almost cream white (RHS Yellow Green 145 D). The color may evolve with maturity.
      • Leaf margins.—Slightly undulating.
      • Form.—Considered slightly dentate.
      • Uniformity.—Leaves are isolated or grouped by 2 or 3. In this last case, one leaf of normal size is found with one or two smaller leaves (at least 50% smaller).
      • Leaf petioles.—Size. — Considered medium. Length. — About 12.0 to about 17.0 millimeters. Diameter. — About 1.5 to 2.0 millimeters.
      • Petioles color.—Upper petiole surface. — Light green (RHS Yellow Green 144 A to RHS Yellow Green 144 B). Lower surface. — Light green (RHS Yellow Green 145 A to RHS Yellow Green 145 B).
      • Leaf glands.—Size. — Considered medium to large. Their length is about 1.5 millimeters and their width is about 1.0 millimeter. Number. — Generally 2 glands per leaf. Type. — Reniform. Margins. — Smooth and regular. Color. — On young leaves, leaf glands color is considered a light green (RHS Green 145 B). On older leaves, leaf glands color turns to a dark brown (RHS Grey Brown 199 A to RHS Grey Brown 199 B).
      • Leaf stipules.—Generally. — No leaf stipules were observed. But as seen in the characteristic relative to the leaves uniformity, it is possible to find leaves by groups of 2 or 3, with a normal-size leaf and smaller ones.
  • Flowers:
      • Flower buds.—Generally. — At pre-floral stage of development, the floral buds are conic in form with a round tip. Their form is evolving until blooming, with variable dimensions. Just before blooming, floral buds are between 9.0 and 11.0 millimeters wide and between 15.0 and 17.0 millimeters long. Color. — This characteristic is dependent upon the proximity to bloom. At pre-floral stage of development (stage A), the bottom of the flowers buds, formed by the sepals, is of purple-brown color (RHS Greyed Purple 183 A or RHS Greyed Purple 183 B or RHS Greyed Purple 183 C or RHS Greyed Purple 187 B or RHS Grey Brown Group 199 A near the base). The corolla, formed by the petals, is generally of pink color (RHS Red Purple 65 B or RHS Red Purple 69 C). Petals color shows an evolution until the end of flowering.
      • Hardiness.—The buds are considered hardy under typical central Pyrénées-Orientales departement climatic conditions. No winter injury was noted during the last several years of evaluation in the central Pyrénées-Orientales departement, with winter temperatures as low as −10 degrees Celsius in January. The current variety has not been intentionally subjected to drought or heat stress, but the variety showed a very good resistance in orchard to temperatures up to 42 degrees Celsius with an average temperature between 28 and 30 degrees Celsius during 3 weeks in summer.
      • Date of bloom.—The blooming time generally begins at the end of February or early in March. The first bloom was observed on Feb. 20, 2013.
      • Blooming time.—Considered early in relative comparison to other commercial peach cultivars grown in the Pyrénées-Orientales departement, France. The date of full bloom is observed generally at the middle of the blooming period. The date of bloom varies slightly with climatic conditions and cultural practices. Thus the full bloom was observed in 2013, from February 20th until March 11th, then from February 21st until Mar. 4, 2014, then from March 9th to Mar. 17, 2015 and then from February 19th to Feb. 29, 2016.
      • Duration of bloom.—Approximately between 9 to 20 days. This characteristic varies slightly with the prevailing climatic conditions.
      • Flower type.—The variety is considered to have a showy type flower.
      • Flower size.—Considered medium. Flower diameter at full bloom is approximately 29.0 to 33.0 millimeters. The typical and observed flower height is between 21.0 to 23.0 millimeters, when the flower is opened, from the pedicel to the highest stamens.
      • Bloom quantity.—Considered abundant, approximately between 45 and 50 flowers per meter, with a high rate of fruit set.
      • Flower bud frequency.—Generally 2 flower buds appear per node, occasionally 1.
      • Petal size.—Generally. — Considered medium.
      • Length.—Generally between 17.0 and 19.0 millimeters. The medium length is 18.0 millimeters.
      • Width.—Generally between 16.0 and 19.0 millimeters. The medium width is about 17.25 millimeters.
      • Petal form.—Round-shaped.
      • Petal count.—Generally 5.
      • Petal texture.—Smooth and soft.
      • Petal color.—Both surfaces of the petal are colored with a medium Pink (RHS Red Purple 65 B or RHS Red Purple 65 C or RHS Red Purple 65 D) when young, becoming slightly darker until the end of blooming.
      • Petal base.—Narrow, generally with a darker color than the petal color (RHS Red Purple Group 61 B).
      • Fragrance.—Sweet.
      • Petal claw.—Form. — The claw is considered to have a triangular form, narrow at the base. Length. — About 3.0 millimeters. Width. — About 2.0 millimeter at the base. Color. — The petal claw usually shows a color which is darker than the petal color (RHS Red Purple Group 61 B).
      • Petal margins.—Generally considered wavy, sinuate.
      • Petal apex.—Generally. — The petal apices are generally wide dome shaped.
      • Flower pedicel.—Length. — Considered medium and having an average length of approximately 3.0 millimeters. Diameter. — Considered average, approximately 1.5 millimeters. Color. — Light green (RHS Yellow Green N144 A to RHS Yellow Green N144 B).
      • Calyx.—Internal surface texture. — Smooth and glabrous. Color. — At the stage F of blooming, when the flower is open, the inner surface of the calyx is green yellow (RHS Yellow Group 13 A to RHS Yellow Group 13 B or RHS Yellow Orange Group 17 A or RHS Yellow Green 150 A to RHS Yellow Green 150 B). The outer surface of the calyx is considered of purple-brown color (RHS Greyed Purple 183 A or RHS Greyed Purple 183 B or RHS Greyed Purple 183 C or RHS Greyed Purple 187 B) and yellow green near the base of the calyx (RHS Yellow green 144 A to RHS Yellow Green 144 B).
      • Sepals.—Sepal count. — Usually 5, sometimes 6. Surface texture. — The outer surface has a fine pubescent texture. The inner surface texture is smooth and glabrous. Margins. — Smooth. Size. — Medium. Length. — Approximately 5.0 millimeters. Width. — Approximately 4.0 to 5.0 millimeters. Form. — Conic and round at the top. Color. — Both sides of sepals are colored with a matt Red (RHS Greyed Purple 183 A or RHS Greyed Purple 183 B or RHS Greyed Purple 183 C to RHS Grey Purple 187 B).
      • Anthers.—Generally. — Small in length. Color. — At an early stage of maturity, anthers are colored with an orange yellow (RHS Yellow Orange 16 A to RHS Yellow Orange 16 B) or an orange red color (RHS Red Group N34 A or RHS Greyed Red Group 178 A).
      • Pollen production.—Pollen is abundant, and has an orange yellow color (Approximately RHS Yellow Orange 17 B to RHS Yellow Orange 17 C) which may evolve with maturity. The present variety is considered auto-fertile (self-pollinating).
      • Filaments.—Size. — Medium length, between 11.0 and 14.0 millimeters in length. Filaments length is generally higher than the pistil's length. Color: Considered pale pink (RHS Red Purple 62 C to RHS Red Purple 62 D) or a darker pink (RHS Red Purple 73 A to RHS Red Purple 73 B). The color becomes darker during the blooming. Average number of stamens per flower. — Generally between 37 and 42.
      • Pistil.—Number. — Usually 1. Generally. — Average in size. Length. — Approximately 10.0 to 12.0 millimeters including the ovary. Generally smaller than or equal to filaments in length. Color. — Considered a very pale green (RHS Yellow Green Group 151 D). The color evolves during the blooming to become more and more pale green (RHS Yellow Green Group 150 D) and sometimes very slightly pink (RHS Red Group 36 D) at the end of blooming. Ovary. — The pubescence is present.
  • Fruit:
      • Maturity when described.—Very firm in ripe conditions (shipping ripe).
      • Date of first picking.—Jun. 22, 2012.
      • Date of last picking.—The date of harvest varies slightly with the prevailing climatic conditions. The ‘FLATWO’ variety has an early date of picking, and a grouped maturity. The maturity is grouped within 5 to 10 days and the harvest is generally performed in two runs. Last known picking times carry on June 22nd to Jun. 26, 2012, then from June 11th to Jun. 19, 2013, then from June 1st to Jun. 8, 2014 then from June 8th to Jun. 17, 2015, and then from June 7th to Jun. 14, 2016.
      • Size.—Generally. — Homogeneous in size. Considered medium to large for this time of the season.
      • Average cheek diameter.—Approximately 54.0 millimeters.
      • Average axial diameter.—Approximately 33.0 millimeters.
      • Typical weight.—Generally 75.0 grams. This characteristic is highly dependent upon the prevailing cultural practices, and therefore is not particularly distinctive of the variety.
      • Fruit form.—Generally. — Round and flattened, generally with few bumps. The fruit is generally uniform in symmetry, viewed from the suture's plane.
      • Suture.—Fruit suture: Wide-mouthed and slightly marked, extending from the base to the apex. No apparent callousing or stitching exists along the suture line. Not pointed. Color. — The suture has generally a similar color to the whole fruit color, which is purple red (RHS Greyed Purple 187 A).
      • Ventral surface.—Form. — Smooth.
      • Apex.—Slightly depressed.
      • Base.—Semi-flared, shallow.
      • Stem cavity.—Average depth of the stem cavity is about 6.0 to 7.0 millimeters. Average width is about 9.0 to 11.0 millimeters.
      • Fruit skin.—Thickness. — Considered thick and strong, and the adherence of skin to flesh is strong to medium, depending on the fruit maturity. Texture. — Very smooth for a peach variety. Taste. — Semi-sweet, sugary. Tendency to crack. — None observed.
      • Color.—Blush color. — This blush color is purple red (RHS Greyed Purple 187 A). The purple red blush covers 75% of the fruit skin surface on a marbled orange red background (RHS Orange Red N 34 A) on approximately 25% of the fruit skin surface. The percentage of the blush on the fruit skin surface can vary, and is generally dependant upon the prevailing conditions under which the fruit was grown. Ground color. — The ground color covers approximately 25% of the fruit skin surface, and is considered marbled orange red (RHS Orange Red N 34 A).
      • Fruit stem.—Medium in length, approximately 9.0 millimeters.
      • Diameter.—Approximately 4.0 millimeters.
      • Color.—Pale green (RHS Yellow Green 145 A).
      • Flesh.—Ripens. — Very homogenously, slowly. The flesh has a long shelf life. Texture. — Very firm, very dense, crunchy, melting, juicy at harvest maturity stage. Fibers. — Not fibrous. Aroma. — Very pronounced. Eating quality. — Considered very good, aromatic. Flavor. — Considered semi-sweet. The Brix is generally between 9 and 12 degrees and acidity comprised between 6 and 9 meq/100 ml. Juice. — Juicy to very juicy at complete maturity. Brix. — Generally 9.0 to 12.0 degrees. This characteristic varies slightly with the number of fruit per tree; prevailing cultural practices; and the surrounding climatic conditions. Flesh color. — The flesh is considered white (RHS White 155 A to RHS White 155 B) usually with a slightly red pigmentation (RHS Red 45 C) when the fruits reach maturity.
  • Stone:
      • Type.—Semi-Clingstone, more or less semi-adherent depending on the fruit maturity.
      • Size.—Considered small. The stone size varies significantly depending upon the tree vigor, crop load and prevailing growing conditions.
      • Length.—Approximately 10.0 to 13.0 millimeters.
      • Width.—Approximately 19.0 to 21.0 millimeters.
      • Thickness.—Approximately 19.0 to 21.0 millimeters.
      • Form.—Flattened.
      • Base.—Straight.
      • Apex.—Shape. — The stone apex is flattened.
      • Stone cavity.—Considered small size, with flattened form and dimensions corresponding to the stone's dimensions. The stone cavity is considered light orange brown (RHS Greyed Orange 164 B or RHS Greyed Orange 164 C).
      • Stone surface.—Surface texture. — The pit is transversely furrowed on its entire surface. Furrows are deeper and more oblate on lateral sides. Ridges. — The surface texture is generally characterized by more prominent ridges along the ventral edges and at the apical tip.
      • Ventral edge.—Width. — Approximately 4.0 millimeters at mid-suture.
      • Dorsal edge.—Shape. — Grooved.
      • Stone color.—The color of the dry stone is generally considered light orange brown (RHS Greyed Orange 164 B or RHS Greyed Orange 164 C).
      • Tendency to split.—Splitting is absent.
      • Kernel.—Size. — The kernel is considered small. Length. — Approximately 7.0 millimeters. Width. — Approximately 6.0 millimeters. Thickness. — Approximately 5.0 millimeters. Form. — Considered flattened and elliptic. Sometimes double. Pellicle. — The pellicle of the kernel has a short pubescence. Color. — The kernel skin is orange-brown colored (RHS Greyed Orange N 167 B or RHS Greyed Orange N 167 C). The almond, which is the seed of the kernel, is white (RHS White 155 D) and has a bitter taste. The kernel and its embryo are mature at the time of fruit maturity.
      • Use.—The subject variety ‘FLATWO’ is considered to be a white flat peach tree having an early season of maturity, and which produces fruits that are considered firm, attractively colored in purple red. Fruits have a semi-sweet taste and are excellent for uncooked consumption, crunchy or melting when at full maturity. Fruits have excellent gustative qualities. Due to their flesh quality, firmness and density, they can also be commercialized as 4th range product (packed fruit or fruit in bags for example). And they are also useful for both local and very long distance shipping.
      • Keeping quality.—Remarkable. Fruit have a slow maturation and a long shelf life both on the tree after growth completion and after harvesting without alteration. After growth completion, fruits are preserved more than one week. After harvest, fruits are well preserved more than 2 weeks at 2.0 degree Celsius.
      • Shipping quality.—Considered very good. The fruit of the new white flat peach variety showed minimal bruising of the flesh or skin damage after being subjected to normal harvesting and packing procedures. Its resistance to handling during harvest and packing and its long shelf life without alteration after harvest easily permit 2 weeks-shipping at 2 degrees Celsius.
      • Resistance to insects and disease.—No particular susceptibilities were noted. The present variety is not very sensitive to Monilia or rot. The pistil cavity is completely closed, generally without any cork formation. Although the new variety of white flat peach tree possesses the described characteristics when grown under the ecological conditions prevailing near Elne, Pyrénées-Orientales departement, France, it should be understood that variations of the usual magnitude and characteristics incident to changes in growing conditions, fertilization, pruning, pest control and horticultural management are to be expected.

Claims (1)

We claim:
1. A new and distinct variety of white flat peach tree as illustrated and described, characterized by fruits with high eating quality, an early ripening time and a very long shelf life without alteration before and after harvesting, the fruits having a semi-sweet white flesh, with a slightly red pigmentation when the fruits reach their maturity, and an attractive skin with a high percentage of purple red blush on skin surface, on a marbled orange red background.
US15/330,878 2015-11-27 2016-11-10 Peach tree named ‘FLATWO’ Active USPP29635P3 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
QZPBR2015/2864 2015-11-27
QZ2015/2864 2015-11-27
US15/330,878 USPP29635P3 (en) 2015-11-27 2016-11-10 Peach tree named ‘FLATWO’

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