USPP29966P2 - Strawberry plant named ‘Preakness’ - Google Patents

Strawberry plant named ‘Preakness’ Download PDF

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Publication number
USPP29966P2
USPP29966P2 US15/731,553 US201715731553V USPP29966P2 US PP29966 P2 USPP29966 P2 US PP29966P2 US 201715731553 V US201715731553 V US 201715731553V US PP29966 P2 USPP29966 P2 US PP29966P2
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Prior art keywords
preakness
fruit
plant
color
shape
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US15/731,553
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US20180338400P1 (en
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John Larse
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Sweet Darling Sales Inc
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Sweet Darling Sales Inc
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Priority to US15/731,553 priority patent/USPP29966P2/en
Assigned to SWEET DARLING SALES, INC. reassignment SWEET DARLING SALES, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LARSE, JOHN
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7409Fragaria, i.e. strawberries
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits

Abstract

The present invention provides a new and distinct strawberry variety designated as ‘Preakness’ (a.k.a. ‘108965’).

Description

Latin name of the genus and species: Fragaria x ananassa.

Varietal denominations: ‘Preakness’ (a.k.a. ‘108965’).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct strawberry plant designated as ‘Preakness’ (a.k.a. ‘108965’). ‘Preakness’ is a day neutral strawberry plant.

‘Preakness’ (a.k.a. ‘108965’) is the result of a controlled-cross between a female parent cultivar designated ‘106734’ (unpatented, proprietary cultivar) and a male parent cultivar designated ‘108296’ (unpatented, proprietary cultivar) made by the Inventor and was first fruited in Watsonville, Calif. growing fields. Following selection and during testing, the plant was originally designated ‘108965’ and subsequently named ‘Preakness’.

These new varieties were asexually reproduced via runners (stolons) by the inventor at Watsonville, Calif. Asexual propagules from the original source have been tested in Watsonville growing fields and to a limited extent, grower fields in high elevation. The properties of these varieties were found to be transmissible by such asexual reproduction. These cultivars are stable and reproduce true to type in successive generations of asexual reproduction.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a new and distinctive strawberry plant designated as ‘Preakness’. This strawberry plant is primarily adapted to the climate and growing conditions of the central coast of California. This region provides the necessary temperatures required for it to produce a strong vigorous plant and to remain in fruit production from March through October. The nearby Pacific Ocean provides the needed humidity and moderate day temperatures and evening chilling to maintain fruit quality for the production months. ‘Preakness’ presents strong ease of harvest qualities including good visibility though petiole canopy of fruiting plants, and a good flower stem length to petiole length ratio. The plant presents a semi-upright growth habit and a round to oblate plant shape, and produces mostly conic fruit and globose conic fruit. The mid-April through mid-September yield of ‘Preakness’ is high and the cull rate is low.

The following traits and photographs in combination distinguish strawberry plant ‘Preakness’ from known strawberry varieties. In addition, each of these new cultivars was confirmed to be a unique strawberry germplasm when tested against the California Seed & Plant Lab, Inc. (Elverta, Calif.) database using Short Sequence Repeats (SSRs). Plants for the botanical measurements in the present application were grown as annuals. Any color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 1995 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. The fruit produced by each new cultivar is attractive and of excellent quality.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying color photographs depict various characteristics of the cultivar as nearly true as possible to make color reproductions.

FIG. 1 shows fruits of ‘Preakness’.

FIG. 2 shows sliced fruits of ‘Preakness’.

FIG. 3 shows ‘Preakness’ plants.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

‘Preakness’ (a.k.a. ‘108965’)

This invention relates to a new and distinctive day-neutral type strawberry cultivar designated as ‘Preakness’. It is primarily adapted to the climate and growing conditions of the central coast of California. This region provides the necessary temperatures required for it to produce a strong vigorous plant and to remain in fruit production from March through October. The nearby Pacific Ocean provides the needed humidity and moderate day temperatures and evening chilling to maintain fruit quality for the production months.

The following traits in combination distinguish strawberry variety ‘Preakness’ from the known strawberry varieties. Plants for the botanical measurements in the present application were grown as annuals. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 1995 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.

The detailed botanical description in Table 1 was observed when the plants were 33 weeks after planting.

‘Preakness’ has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions, and the phenotype may vary significantly with variations in environment. The following observations, measurements, and comparisons describe this plant as grown under normal conditions in Watsonville, Calif. unless otherwise noted.

TABLE 1
Preakness
CharType Characteristic Preakness
General Plant Habit annual
Plant Growth Habit semi-upright
Plant Height 26 cm
Plant Width 30 cm
Plant Width-Crown 5 cm
Density of foliage, vigor light
Plant vigor moderate
Leaf Terminal leaflet width (mm) 75
Terminal leaflet length (mm) 75
No. teeth/terminal leaflet: 14 to 18
Shape of the terminal leaflet base obtuse
Shape of terminal leaflet in cross- concave
section
Margin description of the terminal serrate to crenate
Color of upper side of leaves 137A
Color of lower side of leaves 139C
Leaf blistering weak
Leaf glossiness medium
Limbs Petiole length (cm) 10.5
Petiole diameter (mm) 3.89
Petiole color 145A
Petiolule length (mm) 19
Petiolule diameter (mm) 3.89
Attitude of hairs on upwards
petiole and pedicel
Stipule pubescence medium
Stipule length (cm) 2.6
Stipule size small
Stipule width (cm) 0.7
Stipule anthocyanin absent
Stipule color (color code) 145A
Pedicel color (color code) 145A
Peduncle length (cm) 20.5
Peduncle size medium
Peduncle attitude semi erect
Peduncle pubescence, attitude of hairs medium, upwards
Inflorescence Inflorescence position relative to even to above
foliage
Flower arrangement of petals overlapping
Petal length (cm) 1.4
Petal width (cm) 1.2
Petal number per flower 5 to 6
Upper Petal color 155B
Lower Petal color 155C
Calyx diameter (cm) 3.2
Corolla diameter (cm) 2.4
Sepal length (cm) 1.6
Sepal width (cm) 0.3
Time of flowering
(50% of plants in bloom) March
Shape of stigma capitate
Color of stigma 4A
Length of style (mm) 2
Color of style 4A
Color of the ovary 145B
Length of the stamens (mm) 4
Number of stamen 22
Anther color 20A
Shape of anther dorsifixed
Size of anther small to medium
Amount of pollen moderate
Color of pollen 15B
Color of filament 145C
Length of filament (mm) 3
Number of flowers per truss 3 to 7
Stolon Stolon number 3
Stolon anthocyanin 183A
Widest diameter of stolon 3.82
At leaf attachment (mm)
Stolon color 145A
Fruit Number of fruit per truss 2 to 5
Fruit length (cm) 5.2
Fruit width (cm) 4.7
Fruit skin color 45A
Fruit flesh color excluding core 44A
Fruit core length (cm) 2.9
Fruit core width (cm) 1.7
Fruit core color 37A
Fruit weight (g) 26.3
Predominant fruit shape conic to short
wedge
Shape difference between primary Similar shape
& secondary fruits
Width of band without of achenes medium
Fruit glossiness medium to strong
Position of achenes below surface
Achene color 145A
Achenes per fruit 220
Achene weight (g) 0.1
Position of calyx inserted
level of adherence of calyx strong
Color of calyx 137A
Firmness of flesh medium to firm
Evenness of flesh color nearly even
Sweetness (brix) 6
pH 3.42
Yield (g per plant per season) 2817

When ‘Preakness’ is compared to the proprietary female parent (106734), ‘Preakness’ presents its florescence as a spray of flowers from a relatively small roundish plant. However, the female parent is a large cylindrically shaped tower-like plant with a uniformly distributed presentation of large bright white florescence that protrudes from canopy as though from all areas of the plant and at different levels appearing to be topiary-like. ‘Preakness’ flowers are much less visible from a distance of 100 feet away whereas flowers of the female parent are prominently visible in a mass-planting large test block. ‘Preakness’ also differs from its female parent because many of the fruits of the female parent have a single long crease that appears to divide the fruit into two parts, and have a long flattened conic shape. Furthermore, the fruit of the female parent is conic and long conic but with variance between orthogonal mid-line latitude dimensions that accounts for the Spanish language planchada descriptor, as in flattened. Compared to the female parent, the plant shape of ‘Preakness’ has a semi-upright plant growth habit and is oblate to round in shape. The female parent presents an upright plant growth habit and has a large cylindrically shaped tower-like fruiting plant. The cull rate of fruiting plants of ‘Preakness’ is slightly lower than the cull rate of the female parent.

When ‘Preakness’ is compared to the proprietary male parent (108296), fruits of the male parent are primarily long conic and conic in shape while fruits of ‘Preakness’ are conic and globose conic in shape. Fruits produced by ‘Preakness’ are significantly larger than fruits produced by the male parent.

When ‘Preakness’ is compared to the check variety ‘Monterey’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 19,767), ‘Preakness’ differs from ‘Monterey’ in plant size and shape. ‘Monterey’ is larger and taller with more cylindrical shape than ‘Preakness’ having a small plant size and a round plant shape. Additionally, fruiting plants of ‘Preakness’ are higher than fruiting plants of ‘Monterey’ when comparing a flower stem length to petiole length ratio. ‘Preakness’ plants are slightly less susceptible to powdery mildew than ‘Monterey’ plants. Fruits produced by ‘Preakness’ are smaller than fruits produced by ‘Monterey’.

TABLE 2
Comparison of fruit features between ‘Preakness’ and
the proprietary female parent
FRUIT
HYBRID HYBRID WIDTH FRUIT
ID NAME (mm) HEIGHT (mm)
106734 Female Parent 40.83 49.96
108965 Preakness 40.47 45.27
FRUIT
RATIO HARD-
HYBRID (Height/ FRUIT NESS Yield
ID Width) SHAPE* (newtons) (g/clone)
106734 1.22 7 7.78 1771
108965 1.12 6 7.62 943
*Fruit shape: 1. Oblate; 2. Globose; 3. Fan Lobes; 4. Necked; 5. Short wedge; 6. Symmetric conic; 7. Conic; 8.Long conic; 9. Long wedge

TABLE 3
Comparison of fruit features between ‘Preakness’ and
the check variety
FRUIT
HYBRID HYBRID WIDTH FRUIT
ID NAME (mm) HEIGHT (mm)
Check Monterey 43.70 48.33
Variety (U.S. Plant
Pat. No. 19,767)
108965 Preakness 40.47 45.27
FRUIT
RATIO HARD-
HYBRID (Height/ FRUIT NESS Yield
ID Width) SHAPE* (newtons) (g/clone)
Check 1.11 6 9.04 840
Variety
108965 1.12 6 7.62 943
*Fruit shape: 1. Oblate; 2. Globose; 3. Fan Lobes; 4. Necked; 5. Short wedge; 6. Symmetric conic; 7. Conic; 8. Long conic; 9. Long wedge

Claims (1)

The invention claimed is:
1. A new and distinct cultivar of strawberry plant named ‘Preakness’ substantially as shown and described herein.
US15/731,553 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Preakness’ Active USPP29966P2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201662355575P true 2016-06-28 2016-06-28
US15/731,553 USPP29966P2 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Preakness’

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/731,553 USPP29966P2 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Preakness’

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US20180338400P1 US20180338400P1 (en) 2018-11-22
USPP29966P2 true USPP29966P2 (en) 2018-12-11

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Family Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/731,553 Active USPP29966P2 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Preakness’
US15/731,552 Active USPP30015P3 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Magellan’
US15/731,550 Active USPP30016P3 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Wenatchee’
US15/731,551 Active USPP29967P2 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Malibu’
US15/731,554 Active USPP29965P3 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’

Family Applications After (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/731,552 Active USPP30015P3 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Magellan’
US15/731,550 Active USPP30016P3 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Wenatchee’
US15/731,551 Active USPP29967P2 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Malibu’
US15/731,554 Active USPP29965P3 (en) 2016-06-28 2017-06-28 Strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
USPP29967P2 (en) 2018-12-11
USPP30016P3 (en) 2018-12-25
US20180338400P1 (en) 2018-11-22
US20180235125P1 (en) 2018-08-16
US20180303018P1 (en) 2018-10-18
US20180332750P1 (en) 2018-11-15
US20180303019P1 (en) 2018-10-18
USPP29965P3 (en) 2018-12-11
USPP30015P3 (en) 2018-12-25

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Effective date: 20180129

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