US984400A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US984400A
US984400A US55770410A US1910557704A US984400A US 984400 A US984400 A US 984400A US 55770410 A US55770410 A US 55770410A US 1910557704 A US1910557704 A US 1910557704A US 984400 A US984400 A US 984400A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sleeve
bottle
neck
valve
fluid
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Expired - Lifetime
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US55770410A
Inventor
William H Spellmon
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SAMUEL BUSER
Original Assignee
SAMUEL BUSER
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Publication date
Application filed by SAMUEL BUSER filed Critical SAMUEL BUSER
Priority to US55770410A priority Critical patent/US984400A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US984400A publication Critical patent/US984400A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves
    • B65D49/06Weighted valves with additional loading weights

Description

W. H. SPELLMON.
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
APPLIOATION FILED APB. as, 1910 H 0 m m 1 7 4 IS m w w. 2 m 1 m mi %/l l//l zl F 1 x a d 2 A, 1 Z .W M n 3 n V 3 W m w u 1 1 h F 11 I.
WITNESSES: 9/10 ATTORNEYS UNITE STATES PATENT QFFIGE.
WILLIAM H. SPELLMON, OF HALEDON, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO SAMUEL BUSER, OF HALEDON, NEW JERSEY.
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 26, 1910.
Patented Feb. 14:, 1911.
Serial No. 557,704.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it known that I, l ViLLIaM ll. SPELL- MON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Haledon, in the county of Passaic and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and Improved Non-Refillable Bottle, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to non-refillable bottles, and has reference more particularly to a device of this class in which a valved closure is provided for the neck so that fluid can freely escape from the bottle when the same is inverted, but which renders ditlicult the introduction of fluid into the bottle through the neck. The valve comprises a valve seat and a member adapted to rest upon said seat to close the neck o iening, the member consisting of a shell having a buoyant body so that it will float into a closed position when the bottle is inverted in a body of fluid.
The obj cct of the invention is to provide a convenient, strong and durable non-refillable bottle, which is simple in construction and inexpensive to manufacture, which permits fluid to be poured freely from the bottle butrenders the introduction of fluid through the neck extremely ditticult, which cannot be filled by inverting the bottle in a body of fluid, as the valve member will float into a closed position, and which is so constructed that the valve will tend to close even when the neck of the bottle is arranged in a. horizontal or slightly downwardly inclined position.
The invention consists in the construction and combination of parts to be more fully described hereinafter and particularly set forth in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the Views, and in which Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of the neck of a bottle having an embodiment of my invention applied thereto; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the bottle neck, on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; and Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the neck of the bottle, showing the same tilted so that fluid can escape therefrom.
Before proceeding to a more detailed explanation of my invention, it should be clearly understood that while I have chosen to show the same as applied to a bottle, the device can be ad autageously employed with other containers for fluids and the like, provided the container has a suitable neck or corresponding part in which the valve and its associated elements can be positioned. T. provide a valve member consisting of a shell of metal or the like, having therein a buoyant body, so that the valve will float when immersed in fluid. The shell may be fashioned from metal or any other suitable material, and the buoyant body from cork or any other substance adapted for the purpose. These and others of the details of coustruction form no part of the invention, and can be varied in accordance with individual pre'l'ermice and special conditions, without. departing from the underlying spirit of the invention.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, I have shown for example, a neck '10 of a glass or other bottle 11 adapted to contain fluid 12. The neck, at the mouth 13, is formed to receive a cork or other stopper H, in the usual manner. The cork can be withdrawn by means of a corkscrew, or in any other suitable manner, when it is desired to open the bottle. intermediate its ends, the neck has an upwardly tapered enlargement 15, for a purpose to appear hereinafter. At its lower end, the neck has an inwardly disposed, annular rib 16 constituting a stop, the function of which will appear below, and which is preferably formed integral with the neck.
A sleeve 17, consisting preferably of a tubular inetal member, substantially smaller in diameter than the internal diameter of the neck, is located in the latter, and near its lower end has a reduced part 18, at which are located a shouhler 1t) and a tlange 20. Between these is positioned a ring 21. of cork or other material, which [its snugly at the inside of the neck, and serves to hold the sleeve securely with respect to the neck, and at the same time to form a tight oint around the sleeve. At the lower end, the sleeve is extended to form spring lingers 22, pro vidcd at the ends with beveled hooks 23 adapted to engage under the stop rib 16, to hold the sleeve in place.
The sleeve has openings Q-Cl; directly above the shoulder 19, which is formed at the upper end of the reduced part 18. A valve member 26, consisting of a metal. shell 27, inclosing a cork body 28, is slidably located within the sleeve and is substantially equal in diameter to the reduced part 18 thereof, so that it can seat at the upper rim 29 ofthe reduced part, the upper rim forming a valve seat for the valve member. The buoyant body extends slightly beyond the upper end of the shell and is concave.
The sleeve, at the upper end has an enlarged part 30, which is upwardly tapered, and provided with \l-shaped openings 31. The part 30 is located substantially in the enlargement 15 of the neck. A weighting member 32, consisting preferably of a metal ball, is movable within the enlarged part 30 of the sleeve, and in an upright position of the bottle rests upon the concave upper end of. the valve member, whereby it tends to maintain the same seated should the bottle be placed in an upright position in a mass of fluid. I employ a guard 33, consisting of a plate cut away in the middle, to form a laterally disposed flange 34. It has at the end a flange 35 disposed oppositely tothe flange 3%, and is provided with a sleeve 36 receiving a pin 37, by means of which it is movably mounted at the upper end of the sleeve 17. The guard serves to prevent the improper manipulation of the valve through the introduction of a suitable implement.
hen the bottle is inverted, after the stopper let is removed, fluid can flow from the bottle through the openings 24-, around the sleeve 17, and out at the mouth of the neck. It will be understood that tilting the neck permits the valve member, and the weight member 32, to move toward the upper end of the sleeve, so that the valve seat is not closed. Should the bottle be immersed in an inverted position in a mass of fluid, the valve member will float into a closed position against the valve seat, at 29, while if the bottle is positioned in a mass of fluid, in an upright position, the valve member cannot float from the valve seat, owing to the imposed weight 32. If the bottle is positioned so that the neck is horizontal, or slightly inclined, the member 32 is'still operative to close the valve member, owing to the tapered term of the part 30 of the sleeve 17. By inclosing the body 28 in the shell 26, the body cannot swell when it becomes moistened, and is constrained to maintain its normal shape. The valve member will thus at all times be operative, and cannot warp or change its form.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new, and desire to secure by Let ters Patent:
1. A non-refillable bottle having a neck, a sleeve therein, means for securing said sleeve in position Within said neck, said sleeve having a valve-seat, a movable valve member located within said sleeve and consisting of a buoyant body, a weighting member within said sleeve and consisting of a roller, a guard mounted at the upper end of said sleeve, said sleeve above said valveseat being outwardly offset to form an upwardly tapered part provided with oppositely tapered openings in the sides thereof, said buoyant body being adapted to close said valve-seat to prevent the flow of fluid through said sleeve.
2. A non-refillable bottle having a neck, a sleeve therein provided with a valve-seat, a movable valve member in said sleeve and adapted to rest at said seat to close said sleeve. means for securing said sleeve in position within said neck, and a guard mounted at the upper end of said sleeve, said guard being pivotally secured at the upper end of said sleeve, and comprising a plate having laterally disposed flanges extending in opposite directions.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
WILLIAM H. SPELLMON.
lVitnesses Joan K. BRACIIVOGEL, PHILIP D. ROLLHAUS.
US55770410A 1910-04-26 1910-04-26 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US984400A (en)

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US55770410A US984400A (en) 1910-04-26 1910-04-26 Non-refillable bottle.

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