US94577A - Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms Download PDF

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US94577A
US94577A US94577DA US94577A US 94577 A US94577 A US 94577A US 94577D A US94577D A US 94577DA US 94577 A US94577 A US 94577A
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lever
breech
trigger
magazine
spring
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/02Block action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being transverse to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/10Block action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being transverse to the barrel axis with sliding breech-block, e.g. vertically
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S102/00Ammunition and explosives
    • Y10S102/702Compression ignition

Description

' Patehted Sept. 7, 1869.
WITNESSES F. V. DIAZ. Breech Loading Fire Arm.
No. 94,577. Patented Sept. 7,1869.-
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FAUSTINO VALDES DIAZ, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
IMPROVEMENT IN BREEC H-LOADING FIRE-ARMS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 9 1,577., dated September 7, 1869.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, FAUSTINO VALDES DIAZ, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Breech-Loading Fire-Arms and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable those skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, forming part of this specification, in which drawing- Figure 1 represents a longitudinal central section of this invention. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the same, the line 00 00, Fig. 1, indicating the plane of section. Fig. 4.- is a similar section of the same, taken in the plane indicated by the line y 3 Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a similar sectionof the same, in the planeindieated by the line 2 2, Fig. 1.
Similar letters indicate corresponding parts.
This invention relates to a breech-loading fire-arm in which projectiles are dropped into the breech through an opening in its top, and they are pushed into the chamber by means of a plunger, which is connected to and operated by the trigger. Said trigger also acts on a lever, which carries the firing-pin and a gate or movable recoil-shield, and as the trigger is pulled back the recoil-shield is drawn down to admit the projectile into the chamber, and by releasing the trigger the recoil-shield is carried back to its original position, and the firing-pin strikes the fulminate of the projectile and the charge is exploded.
The firing-pin and recoil-shield lever, after having been depressed by the action of the trigger, is retained by a spring-catch, so that the trigger is allowed to recede in advance of said lever, and said lever is carried up by the action of its spring with sufficient force to explode the charge.
With the open breech is combined a magazine, which can be attached and detached at pleasure, and which is capable of containing a series of projectiles, which. drop down in succession into the breech, so that a number of shots can be fired in quick succession.
A series of supplementary magazines, which are suspended from a belt around the body of the rifleman, is so constructed that they can be readily attached to the main magazine, and
thereby the introduction of a fresh supply of projectiles into said main magazine is materially facilitated.
ln the drawings, the letter A designates a barrel of a breech-loader, to which the projectiles Bare admitted through an opening in the top of the breech O.
, The projectiles are each provided with a cavity, a, to receive the requisite quantity of powder, and with a groove, 1), to receive a belt of fulminate, and they are pushed into the chamber of the barrel by means of a plunger, 1). This plunger connects by a pitman-rod, E, with an arm, 0, projecting from the body of the trigger F, and a spring, 01, which acts on the trigger, carries the same, together with the plunger, back to its original position.
The chamber of the barrel is closed at its rear end by a gate or movable recoil-shield, G, which is hinged to a lever, H, situated un der the barrel A. This lever has its fulcrum on a pivot, e, and it is subjected to the action of a powerful spring, f, which has a tendency to carry the same up to the position shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing.
The lever H is depressed by a toe, g, which projects from the body of the trigger F, and this toe or arm begins to act on the lever before the plunger D acts on the projectile in the breech, so that the recoil-shield is drawn down in time to admit the projectile into the chamber.
When the lever H is depressed to its lowest position it is caught by a spring-catch, h. (Best seen in Figs. 2 and 4.) This spring-catch is situated on the side of the stock, and it receives a positive motion in either direction by an arm, t, which is secured to the end of the fulcrum of the trigger, and partakes of the motion of said trigger. When the trigger is pulled back the armt' is carried down, and the point of the catch it passes over the edge of the lever H, and retains the same until the trigger recedes and the arm l has reached the upper part of the spring-catch, when, by the action of said arm, the spring-catch is released and the lever H left free to follow the action of its spring f.
From the lever H projects a firing-pin, j, and as said lever rises the pin is carried through a hole in the barrel and brought in contact with the belt of fulminate on the pro jectile. The fulminate is exploded, and the fire thus produced is communicated to the charge in the cavity of the projectile. By arresting the lever H and allowing the trigger to recede in advance of the same the spring f is permitted to impart to the firing-pin the requisite force to explode the fulminate without fail.
When the triggeris pulled back the springcatch it can be arrested by a bolt, k, let into the side of the stock, and the fire-arm is brought to half-cock, the lever H being firmly retained in position until the bolt is is drawn back and the spring-catch is released.
With the breech O, I have combined a magazine, I, which can be readily attached to or detached from the stock, as may be desired.
In the drawing, Fig. 3, I have shown two hooks, lm, which catch over lips at the bot tom edge of the magazine; but it is obvious that different ways for fastening the magazine can be devised, and I do not wish to confine myself to the particular construction shown.
Said magazine is capable of holding four or more projectiles, and it is provided with a springhook, Z, which can be forced into said Y magazine, so as to prevent theprojectiles from rolling out when the tire-arm is laid down, or turned so as to bring the magazine in an inverted position.
YVith the magazine I, I have combined a series of supplementary magazines, J, each capable of holding ten or more cartridges, and provided with retaining spring-stops m.
' These supplementar' magazines are so constructed that they can be slipped, one after the other, over the top end of the main magazine, and by pressln g on the tail of the springstop the contents of the supplementary magarifleman is enabled to zine are allowed to discharge into the main magazine. Said supplementary magazines are provided with hooks n, so that they can be readily attached to a body-belt, and thus the carry, conveniently, a large number of such supplementary magazines. By this arrangement the rifleman is enabled to carry a large number of projectiles, and the supplementary magazines can be almost instantaneously attached to the main magazine, so that an almost unlimited number of shots can beiired in quick succes- S1011.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The spring-lever H, carrying the movable recoil-shield and the firing-pin, in combination with the trigger, all constructed and operating substantially as shown and described.
2. The spring-catch h, in combination with the lever H and the arm 27, substantially as described.
3. The detachable magazine I, as arranged with the plunger, the trigger, and the lever H, all constructed and ope-ratin g substantially as shown and described.
4. The bolt 7c, in combination with the catch it, lever H, and arm '5, substantially as set forth.
5. The combination and arrangement of supplementary magazine J, main magazine I, the plunger, the trigger, and the lever H, all constructed and operating substantially as set forth.
FAUSTINO VALDES DIAZ. Witnesses:
W. HAUFF, G. WAHLERs.
US94577D Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms Expired - Lifetime US94577A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3763742A (en) * 1972-06-30 1973-10-09 J Kotas Firing mechanism for firearm
US6233860B1 (en) * 1999-01-25 2001-05-22 Errol L. Hazen Single shot falling breech block rifle action
US20050246932A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-11-10 Keeney Michael D Roller sear/hammer interface for firearms

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3763742A (en) * 1972-06-30 1973-10-09 J Kotas Firing mechanism for firearm
US6233860B1 (en) * 1999-01-25 2001-05-22 Errol L. Hazen Single shot falling breech block rifle action
US20050246932A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-11-10 Keeney Michael D Roller sear/hammer interface for firearms
US7181880B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2007-02-27 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Roller sear/hammer interface for firearms

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