US941671A - Sprinkler. - Google Patents

Sprinkler. Download PDF

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Publication number
US941671A
US941671A US41618908A US1908416189A US941671A US 941671 A US941671 A US 941671A US 41618908 A US41618908 A US 41618908A US 1908416189 A US1908416189 A US 1908416189A US 941671 A US941671 A US 941671A
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United States
Prior art keywords
plug
shell
head
end
sprinkler
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Expired - Lifetime
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US41618908A
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James Winthrop Campbell
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James Winthrop Campbell
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Priority to US41618908A priority Critical patent/US941671A/en
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Publication of US941671A publication Critical patent/US941671A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/02Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to produce a jet, spray, or other discharge of particular shape or nature, e.g. in single drops, or having an outlet of particular shape
    • B05B1/04Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to produce a jet, spray, or other discharge of particular shape or nature, e.g. in single drops, or having an outlet of particular shape in flat form, e.g. fan-like, sheet-like
    • B05B1/046Outlets formed, e.g. cut, in the circumference of tubular or spherical elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M61/00Fuel-injectors not provided for in groups F02M39/00 - F02M57/00 or F02M67/00
    • F02M61/04Fuel-injectors not provided for in groups F02M39/00 - F02M57/00 or F02M67/00 having valves, e.g. having a plurality of valves in series
    • F02M61/10Other injectors with elongated valve bodies, i.e. of needle-valve type

Description

. CAMPBELL.

SPRINKLER.

APPLICATION FILED PEB.I7. 1908.

Patented Nov. 30, 1909.

71 061 (/65 6'56 a: wzwmf JAMES WINTHROP'CAMPEEL E PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND.

SPRINKLER.

' Specification of Letters Patent. P t t 30, 1909,

Application filed February 17, 1908. Serial No. 416,189.

To all yvhom it may concern: I 1

Be it known that I, JAMES WINTHROP CAMPBELL, a citizen of the United States, re-

' siding at Providence, county of Providence,

State of Rhode Island, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Sprinklers, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to sprinkler nozzles or heads and particularly to nozzles for delivering fluids in a sheet or spray over a surrounding area for the purpose of irrigation or other uses in which this sort of de-' vice is or may be, used.

In the constructlon of a nozzle or, a head of this sort much diiiiculty has been eXperi-.

enced in securing a means of delivery in which the flow or surge of water would be received at its point of delivery by means capable of withstanding varieties of pressure and water in various states of sedimem tary suspension and still provide fora uniform delivery adjustable to the form desired and under conditions which would make the cleansing of the head forthe most part unnecessary but when necessary capable of being done promptly and easily.

To this end I have devised my present invention which consists in the formation of the parts of the head in such a manner and in so relating the parts as to secure-the 'results above suggested as desirable.

In the specification which follows and in the drawings which form a part of it I have set forth an embodiment of my invention illustrative of its general principles and shown as particularly adapted to the delivery of water in an irrigation system in which a movable sprinkler arm having a plurality of sprinkler heads is employed in connection with the delivery points of a symmetrically disposed water system laid under ground in the land to be cultivated.

In this specification reference to the several parts is made throughout text and drawing by a system of uniform reference numerals indicating corresponding parts throughout.

In the drawing Figure 1 is a plan view of the upper face of my sprinkler head, Fig. 2 is a vertical section on theline 22, Fig. 1, Fig. 3 is an elevation of the lower end of the sprinkler head, Fig. 4 is a section on the line M, Fig. 2, Fig. 5 is a central Vertical section of the tubular plug, and Fig. 6 is a vertical section of the shell with plug removed.

. 1 is a cup shaped shell having'a-bcveled upper l1p 1 having a tubular connecting pipe 3 at its lower end, said .pipe being chambered at '2 directly below the cup of the shell and externally threaded below said cup for union with the pipe of a sprinkler arm.

The chamber 2 is internally threaded at 2 to receive the lower end of a tubular plug 4 which is correspondingly threaded at- 5 to engage with the threads on the wall of the chamber 2. The walls of the tubular plug are preferably made of a thickness equal to the increased bore of a chamber 2 so that when the plug is in place the bore of the tubular plug will correspond with the bore of the pipe end 3 of the shell 1. The upper end of the tubular plug is formed with a flaring flange 15 surrounding a cup shaped cap Gwhich is formed with a central aperture 6 passing through the bottom of the cup 6 closed by a threaded stem 7 having a flange head 8 and entering a cross web 9 which is tapped to receive its threaded end. g

11 and 12 are broad delivery openings formed on each side of the tubular plug and 13 are look screws passing through the walls of said chamber to lock the plug where it is adjusted relative to the shell by means of the screw threads 5 and 2 I form on mysprinkler, wrench holds 16 and 17 on the cap of the screw plug and on the shell or casing, so that the parts may be turned and relatively adjusted with readiness at all times.

The operation of my device is as follows: The set screws 13 are slacked and the plug 4.- screwed in or out of the shell 1 untilthe surrounding flange 15 is properly positioned with respect to the upper end of the cup shaped portion of the shell 1 to allow the upwardly deflected stream which arises within the cup of the head to'escape laterally after striking against the lower side of said deflecting flange 15. This affords a broad circular spray delivered in a thin sheet which, while reaching with, its outer edge the circumference of a circle of considerable diameter, will deposit within said circle an abundance of moisture. By adjusting the stem 7 relative to the head 6 of the screw plug 4 widening or throttling the passage through the head of the plug, a second stream is delivered within the cup 6 but directed in lines more nearly parallel with the direction of the Water entering the sprinkler head. This secondary stream, therefore, will arise in a less divergent sheet than that first described and will deliver a body of water which can be made to fall by the relative adjustment of the parts up )n that portion of the surrounding space wine "1- receives the least of the water delivered by the main spray. It will be noted that the entering water finds free access by reason of the uniformity in bore of the plug 4 and the connecting end 3 of the head and the impact of the inflowing stream is received internally of the plug and delivered laterally therefrom against the cup shaped walls of the shell of the head where it is swirled upward against the deflecting flange 5 of the cap 6 of the plug before escaping through the opening between the flange and the upper edge of the cup. It will thus be seen that the part receiving the impact of the infiowing water is a removable, replaceable member, capable of easily being taken out to clean and replaced if worn or damzwed.

Obviously various changes might be made in the exact form and arrangement of the parts herein shown in the embodiment under discussion without departing from the spirit of my invention.

What I therefore claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A device of the class described comprising a spherically formed shell having an inlet at one end and an outlet at the other end, a plug passing through said shell and having a longitudinal bore of the same diameter as the inlet,. and meansfor adjusting said plug in alinement with said inlet.

2. A device of the class described comprising a spherically formed shell having an inlet at one end and an outlet at the other end, a plug passing through said shell and having a longitudinal bore of the same diameter as the inlet, and means for adjusting said plug in alinement with said inlet, said plug having a head at its upper end and an external flange adapted to cover the outlet end of said shell.

3. A device of the class described comprising a spherically formed shell having an inlet at one end and an outlet at the other end, a tubular plug passing through said shell and adjustable therethrough in alinement with the inlet thereof, said plug having a on shaped head at its upper end and an externa flange adapted to cover the outlet end of said shell, an auxiliary outlet through said cup shaped head, and means to close said auxiliary outlet.

In testimony whereof, I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

J. WINTHROP CAMPBELL.

WV itnesses THOMAS Cumin q, IRVING O. HUNT.

US41618908A 1908-02-17 1908-02-17 Sprinkler. Expired - Lifetime US941671A (en)

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US41618908A US941671A (en) 1908-02-17 1908-02-17 Sprinkler.

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US41618908A US941671A (en) 1908-02-17 1908-02-17 Sprinkler.

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US941671A true US941671A (en) 1909-11-30

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2546120A (en) * 1947-02-12 1951-03-20 Charles M Boroughs Sprinkler head
US2749183A (en) * 1954-06-21 1956-06-05 Speakman Co Showerhead for shower bath use
US3081949A (en) * 1962-02-13 1963-03-19 Odys R Simmons Water dispersal apparatus
US3241773A (en) * 1964-02-14 1966-03-22 Ralph L Travis Combination hose nozzle
US5524798A (en) * 1992-02-24 1996-06-11 Djs&T Limited Partnership Spray texturing nozzles having variable orifice
US5715975A (en) * 1992-02-24 1998-02-10 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US5921446A (en) * 1996-04-02 1999-07-13 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US6000583A (en) * 1992-02-24 1999-12-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US6328185B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2001-12-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing device with deformable outlet member
US6883688B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2005-04-26 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US7278590B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-10-09 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US7597274B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-06 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US7600659B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US20100301065A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-12-02 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator Systems and Methods for Aerosol Wall Texturing
US8251255B1 (en) 2004-07-02 2012-08-28 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8336742B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2012-12-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8342421B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2013-01-01 Homax Products Inc Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US8353465B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2013-01-15 Homax Products, Inc Dispensers for aerosol systems
US8551572B1 (en) 2007-04-04 2013-10-08 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8580349B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2013-11-12 Homax Products, Inc. Pigmented spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods
US8844765B2 (en) 1993-03-12 2014-09-30 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US9156602B1 (en) 2012-05-17 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuators for dispensers for texture material
US9156042B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9248457B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
USD787326S1 (en) 2014-12-09 2017-05-23 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Cap with actuator
US9776785B2 (en) 2013-08-19 2017-10-03 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Ceiling texture materials, systems, and methods

Cited By (66)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2546120A (en) * 1947-02-12 1951-03-20 Charles M Boroughs Sprinkler head
US2749183A (en) * 1954-06-21 1956-06-05 Speakman Co Showerhead for shower bath use
US3081949A (en) * 1962-02-13 1963-03-19 Odys R Simmons Water dispersal apparatus
US3241773A (en) * 1964-02-14 1966-03-22 Ralph L Travis Combination hose nozzle
US8573451B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-05 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US5715975A (en) * 1992-02-24 1998-02-10 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US9845185B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2017-12-19 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material
US6000583A (en) * 1992-02-24 1999-12-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US5524798A (en) * 1992-02-24 1996-06-11 Djs&T Limited Partnership Spray texturing nozzles having variable orifice
US6276570B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2001-08-21 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US6328185B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2001-12-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing device with deformable outlet member
US6446842B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2002-09-10 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US6536633B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2003-03-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing device with variable outlet orifice
US6883688B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2005-04-26 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US6905050B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2005-06-14 Homax Products, Inc. Nozzle assemblies for aerosol spray texturing devices
US7226001B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-06-05 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US7240857B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-07-10 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US7278590B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-10-09 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US7597274B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-06 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US7600659B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US7673816B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2010-03-09 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US20100116907A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-05-13 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US20100116908A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-05-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and Methods for Applying Texture Material to Ceiling Surfaces
US20100219261A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-09-02 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol Assemblies for Spray Texturing
US20100301065A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-12-02 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator Systems and Methods for Aerosol Wall Texturing
US7845523B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2010-12-07 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US20110132935A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2011-06-09 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and Methods for Applying Texture Material to Ceiling Surfaces
US8028864B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2011-10-04 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9181020B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-11-10 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8313011B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-20 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8317065B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-27 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9079703B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-07-14 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8985392B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-03-24 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8701944B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-04-22 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8505786B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-08-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8887953B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-11-18 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8584898B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-19 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US6116473A (en) * 1992-02-24 2000-09-12 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US8844765B2 (en) 1993-03-12 2014-09-30 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US5921446A (en) * 1996-04-02 1999-07-13 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US8353465B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2013-01-15 Homax Products, Inc Dispensers for aerosol systems
US8820656B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2014-09-02 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US9132953B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2015-09-15 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US8342421B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2013-01-01 Homax Products Inc Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US9248951B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US9187236B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2015-11-17 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol system for repairing a patched portion of a surface
US8251255B1 (en) 2004-07-02 2012-08-28 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8561840B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2013-10-22 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US9004316B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8622255B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2014-01-07 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US9004323B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8336742B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2012-12-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US9415927B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2016-08-16 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US9580233B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2017-02-28 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8551572B1 (en) 2007-04-04 2013-10-08 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8883902B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2014-11-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol dispensing systems and methods and compositions for repairing interior structure surfaces
US8784942B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2014-07-22 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US9592527B2 (en) 2007-04-05 2017-03-14 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US8580349B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2013-11-12 Homax Products, Inc. Pigmented spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods
US9156042B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9248457B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9156602B1 (en) 2012-05-17 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuators for dispensers for texture material
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
US9776785B2 (en) 2013-08-19 2017-10-03 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Ceiling texture materials, systems, and methods
USD787326S1 (en) 2014-12-09 2017-05-23 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Cap with actuator

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