US9156602B1 - Actuators for dispensers for texture material - Google Patents

Actuators for dispensers for texture material Download PDF

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Publication number
US9156602B1
US9156602B1 US13897178 US201313897178A US9156602B1 US 9156602 B1 US9156602 B1 US 9156602B1 US 13897178 US13897178 US 13897178 US 201313897178 A US201313897178 A US 201313897178A US 9156602 B1 US9156602 B1 US 9156602B1
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Prior art keywords
conduit
adjustment
member
actuator
surface
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US13897178
Inventor
Randal W. Hanson
Ross Clawson
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PPG ARCHITECTURAL FINISHES Inc
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Homax Products Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/30Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages
    • B05B1/3026Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages the controlling element being a gate valve, a sliding valve or a cock
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/28Nozzles, nozzle fittings or accessories specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/02Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to produce a jet, spray, or other discharge of particular shape or nature, e.g. in single drops, or having an outlet of particular shape
    • B05B1/06Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to produce a jet, spray, or other discharge of particular shape or nature, e.g. in single drops, or having an outlet of particular shape in annular, tubular or hollow conical form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/14Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening
    • B05B1/16Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening having selectively- effective outlets
    • B05B1/1627Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening having selectively- effective outlets with a selecting mechanism comprising a gate valve, a sliding valve or a cock
    • B05B1/1663Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening having selectively- effective outlets with a selecting mechanism comprising a gate valve, a sliding valve or a cock by relative translatory movement of the valve elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/30Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages
    • B05B1/3033Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages the control being effected by relative coaxial longitudinal movement of the controlling element and the spray head
    • B05B1/3073Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages the control being effected by relative coaxial longitudinal movement of the controlling element and the spray head the controlling element being a deflector acting as a valve in co-operation with the outlet orifice
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/16Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant characterised by the actuating means
    • B65D83/20Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant characterised by the actuating means operated by manual action, e.g. button-type actuator or actuator caps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/75Aerosol containers not provided for in groups B65D83/16 - B65D83/74
    • B65D83/752Aerosol containers not provided for in groups B65D83/16 - B65D83/74 characterised by the use of specific products or propellants
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/75Aerosol containers not provided for in groups B65D83/16 - B65D83/74
    • B65D83/753Aerosol containers not provided for in groups B65D83/16 - B65D83/74 characterised by details or accessories associated with outlets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/30Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/30Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages
    • B05B1/32Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages in which a valve member forms part of the outlet opening
    • B05B1/326Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages in which a valve member forms part of the outlet opening the valve being a gate valve, a sliding valve or a cock

Abstract

Stored material is dispensed in a spray by defining a chamber and arranging the stored material and pressurized material within the chamber. A conduit passageway is arranged such that a conduit inlet is arranged within the chamber and a conduit outlet is arranged outside of the chamber. An adjustment system comprising an actuator member and first and second adjustment members is provided. The actuator member is arranged to define at least a portion of the conduit passageway. The first and second adjustment members are supported on the actuator member such that the conduit outlet is defined by a first surface of the first adjustment member and a second surface of the second adjustment member. Moving the first and second adjustment members relative to each other alters a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet and thereby varies a flow of stored material along the conduit passageway at the conduit outlet.

Description

RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/897,178 filed May 17, 2013, claims benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/648,519 filed May 17, 2012.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The outlet opening 326 is defined by the first, second, and third inner surfaces 380, 382, and 384 of the adjustment member 332 and, in the first configuration illustrated in FIG. 4A, by the side surface 352. In the second configuration illustrated in FIG. 4B, the outlet opening 326 is defined by the first, second, and third inner surfaces 380, 382, and 384 of the adjustment member 332, by the side surface 352, by portions of the first and second opposing surfaces 354 and 356. In both the first and second configurations shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, the outlet opening 326 is circular or oval in overall configuration.

BACKGROUND

The present invention generally relates to systems and methods for applying texture material to an interior surface such as a wall or ceiling. In particular, buildings are typically constructed with a wood or metal framework. To form interior wall and ceiling surfaces, drywall material is attached to the framework. Typically, at least one primer layer and at least one paint layer is applied to the surface of the drywall material to form a finished wall surface.

For aesthetic and other reasons, a bumpy or irregular texture layer is often formed on the drywall material after the drywall material has been primed and before it has been painted. The appearance of the texture layer can take a number of patterns. As its name suggests, an “orange peel” texture pattern generally has the appearance of the surface of an orange and is formed by a spray of relatively small droplets of texture material applied in a dense, overlapping pattern. A “splatter” texture pattern is formed by larger, more spaced out droplets of texture material. A “knockdown” texture patter is formed by spraying texture material in larger droplets (like a “splatter” texture pattern) and then lightly working the surfaces of the applied droplets with a knife or scraper so that the highest points of the applied droplets are flattened. In some situations, a visible aggregate material such as polystyrene chips is added to the texture material to form what is commonly referred to as an “acoustic” or “popcorn” texture pattern.

For larger applications, such as a whole room or structure, the texture layer is typically initially formed using a commercial texture sprayer. Commercial texture sprayers typically comprise a spray gun, a hopper or other source of texture material, and a source of pressurized air. The texture material is mixed with a stream of pressurized air within the texture gun, and the stream of pressurized air carries the texture material in droplets onto the target surface to be textured. Commercial texture sprayers contain numerous points of adjustment (e.g., amount of texture material, pressure of pressurized air, size of outlet opening, etc.) and thus allow precise control of the texture pattern and facilitate the quick application of texture material to large surface areas. However, commercial texture sprayers are expensive and can be difficult to set up, operate, and clean up, especially for small jobs where overspray may be a problem.

For smaller jobs and repairs, especially those performed by non-professionals, a number of “do-it-yourself” (DIY) products for applying texture material are currently available in the market. Perhaps the most common type of DIY texturing products includes aerosol systems that contain texture material and a propellant. Aerosol systems typically include a container, a valve, and an actuator. The container contains the texture material and propellant under pressure. The valve is mounted to the container selectively to allow the pressurized propellant to force the texture material out of the container. The actuator defines an outlet opening, and, when the actuator is depressed to place the valve in an open configuration, the pressurized propellant forces the texture material out of the outlet opening in a spray. The spray typically approximates only one texture pattern, so it was difficult to match a variety of perhaps unknown preexisting texture patterns with original aerosol texturing products.

A relatively crude work around for using an aerosol texturing system to apply more than one texture pattern is to reduce the pressure of the propellant material within the container prior to operating the valve. In particular, when maintained under pressure within the container, typical propellant materials exist in both a gas phase and in a liquid phase. The propellant material in the liquid phase is mixed with the texture material, and the texture material in the gas state pressurizes the mixture of texture material and liquid propellant material. When the container is held upright, the liquid contents of the container are at the bottom of the container chamber, while the gas contents of the container collect at the top of the container chamber. A dip tube extends from the valve to the bottom of the container chamber to allow the propellant in the gas phase to force the texture material up from the bottom of the container chamber and out of the outlet opening when the valve is opened. To increase the size of the droplets sprayed out of the aerosol system, the container can be inverted, the valve opened, and the gas phase propellant material allowed to flow out of the aerosol system, reducing pressure within the container chamber. The container is then returned upright and the valve operated again before the pressure of the propellant recovers such that the liquid contents are forced out in a coarser texture pattern. This technique of adjusting the applied texture pattern result in only a limited number of texture patterns that are not highly repeatable and can drain the can of propellant before the texture material is fully dispensed.

A more refined method of varying the applied texture pattern created by aerosol texturing patterns involved adjusting the size of the outlet opening formed by the actuator structure. Initially, it was discovered that the applied texture pattern could be varied by attaching one of a plurality of straws or tubes to the actuator member, where each tube defined an internal bore of a different diameter. The straws or tubes were sized and dimensioned to obtain fine, medium, and coarse texture patterns appropriate for matching a relatively wide range of pre-existing texture patterns. Additional structures such as caps and plates defining a plurality of openings each having a different cross-sectional area could be rotatably attached relative to the actuator member to change the size of the outlet opening. More recently, a class of products has been developed using a resilient member that is deformed to alter the size of the outlet opening and thus the applied texture pattern.

The need thus exists for improved aerosol texturing systems and methods that can approximate the results obtained by commercial texture sprayers.

SUMMARY

The present invention may be embodied as an aerosol dispensing system for dispensing stored material in a spray comprising a container, a conduit, and an adjustment system. The container defines a chamber containing the stored material and pressurized material. The conduit defines a conduit passageway having a conduit inlet and a conduit outlet. The conduit inlet is arranged within the chamber and the conduit outlet is arranged outside of the chamber. An adjustment system is arranged to vary a flow of stored material along the conduit passageway. The adjustment system is arranged adjacent to the conduit outlet and comprises an actuator member and first and second adjustment members. The actuator member forms at least a portion of the conduit and defines at least a portion of the conduit passageway. The first and second adjustment members are supported by the actuator member. The conduit outlet is defined by a first surface of the first adjustment member and a second surface of the second adjustment member. At least one of the first and second adjustment members is movably supported by the actuator member such that moving the first and second adjustment members relative to each other alters a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet.

The present invention may also be embodied as a method of dispensing stored material in a spray comprising the following steps. A chamber is defined. The stored material and pressurized material are arranged within the chamber. A conduit passageway having a conduit inlet and a conduit outlet is arranged such that the conduit inlet is arranged within the chamber and the conduit outlet is arranged outside of the chamber. An adjustment system comprising an actuator member and first and second adjustment members is provided. The actuator member is arranged to define at least a portion of the conduit passageway. The first and second adjustment members are supported on the actuator member such that the conduit outlet is defined by a first surface of the first adjustment member and a second surface of the second adjustment member. The first and second adjustment members are moved relative to each other to alter a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet and thereby vary a flow of stored material along the conduit passageway at the conduit outlet.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 is a side elevation view of an example dispensing system for texture material of the type that employs an actuator of the present invention;

FIG. 2A is a side section view of a first example actuator of the present invention;

FIG. 2B is a front elevation view of the first example actuator in a first configuration;

FIG. 2C is a front elevation view of the first example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 3A is a front elevation view of a second example actuator in a first configuration;

FIG. 3B is a front elevation view of the second example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 4A is a front elevation view of a third example actuator in a first configuration;

FIG. 4B is a front elevation view of the third example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 5A is a side elevation section view of a fourth example actuator in a first configuration;

FIG. 5B is a side elevation section view of the fourth example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 6A is a front elevation view of a fifth example actuator in a first configuration;

FIG. 6B is a front elevation view of the fifth example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 6C is a top plan view of the fifth example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 7A is a front elevation view of a sixth example actuator in a first configuration;

FIG. 7B is a front elevation view of the sixth example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 7C is a top plan view of the sixth example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 8A is a front elevation view of a seventh example actuator;

FIG. 8B is a side elevation section view of the seventh example actuator in a first configuration;

FIG. 8C is a side elevation section view of the seventh example actuator in a second configuration;

FIG. 8D is a side elevation section view of the seventh example actuator in a third configuration;

FIG. 9A is a side elevation section view of an eighth example actuator;

FIG. 9B is a front elevation view of the eighth example actuator in a first configuration; and

FIG. 9C is a front elevation view of the eighth example actuator in a second configuration.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Referring initially to FIG. 1 of the drawing, depicted at 20 therein is an example dispensing system 20 employing an actuator 22 that may implement the principles of the present invention. In addition to the actuator, the dispensing system 20 comprises an aerosol system 24 that contains a contained material 26. The dispensing system 20 dispenses the contained material in a spray 28 as shown in FIG. 1.

The actuator 22 comprises a stem portion 30 and defines an actuator passageway 32. The actuator passageway 32 terminates in an outlet opening 34. The aerosol system 24 comprises a container system 40, a valve system 42, and a dip tube 44 and defines a dispensing passageway 46 from the interior of the container system 40 to the exterior of the aerosol system 24. The container system 40 and the valve system 42 are or may be conventional and will not be described herein beyond what is necessary for a complete understanding of the principles of the present invention.

The stem portion 30 of the actuator 22 engages the valve system 42 to support the actuator 22 relative to the aerosol system 24. The valve system 42 is operable in a normally closed configuration in which fluid is substantially prevented from flowing along the dispensing passageway 46 and an open configuration in which fluid is allowed to flow along the dispensing passageway 46. Displacing the actuator 22 relative to the container system 40 causes the valve system 42 to change from the normally closed configuration to the open configuration.

The contained material 26 comprises a propellant material and a texture material and defines a gas portion 50 and a liquid portion 52. The propellant material defines at least a portion of the gas portion 50, and the texture material defines at least a portion of the liquid portion 52. In one example, the propellant material is a compressed inert gas such as air or nitrogen, in which case the propellant material defines the gas portion 50 and the texture material defines the liquid portion 52. In another example, the propellant material is a bi-phase material that exists within the container system 40 in both liquid and gas phases. In this second example, the liquid phase of the propellant material defines the gas portion 50, and the liquid portion 52 comprises both the texture material and the liquid phase of the propellant material.

The gas portion 50 pressurizes the liquid portion 52 such that operation of the valve system 42 in the open configuration allows the gas portion 50 to force at least part of the liquid portion 52 out of the aerosol system 24 through the actuator 22 as the spray 28. The spray 28 comprises texture material and possibly some of the propellant material in liquid phase. If the spray 28 comprises propellant material in liquid phase, the propellant material within the spray gasifies when released from the container system 40. If the spray 28 contains gasifying propellant material, the expanding propellant material within the spray 28 can assist with atomization of the spray 28. In any event, the spray is deposited on a surface 60 to form a texture layer 62 having bumps and irregularities. The dimensions and/or shape of the cross-sectional area defined by the outlet opening 34 define the characteristics of the spray 28 and thus the bumps and irregularities of the texture layer 62.

Turning now to FIGS. 2A-2C of the drawing, depicted therein is a first example actuator 120 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The actuator 120 comprises a stem portion 122 and defines an actuator passageway 124 and an outlet opening 126. The first example actuator 120 comprises a base member 130, a first plate 132, a second plate 134, a first pin 136, and a second pin 138. The base member 130 comprises a main portion 140, a first wall portion 142, and a second wall portion 144 and defines a slot 146. The main portion 140 defines a main surface 150, the first wall portion 142 defines a first opposing surface 152, and the second wall portion 144 defines a second opposing surface 154. The actuator passageway 124 terminates in an inner opening 156 formed in the main surface 150.

The first plate 132 defines a first plate upper surface 160, a first plate lower surface 162, a first plate inner surface 164, a first plate outer surface 166, and a first plate end surface 168. The second plate 134 defines a second plate upper surface 170, a second plate lower surface 172, a second plate inner surface 174, a second plate outer surface 176, and a second plate end surface 178.

The first and second plates 132 and 134 are sized and dimensioned to fit snugly within the slot 146 such that the upper surfaces 160 and 170 engage the first opposing surface 152 and the lower surfaces 162 and 172 engage the second opposing surface 154. The first pin 136 extends through the first wall portion 142, the first plate 132, and the second wall portion 144 to movably attach the first plate 132 to the base member 130. The second pin 138 extends through the first wall portion 142, the second plate 134, and the second wall portion 144 to movably attach the second plate 134 to the base member 130.

The outlet opening 126 is defined by the first and second opposing surfaces 152 and 154 of the base member 130 and the first and second inner surfaces 164 and 174 of the first and second plates 132 and 134. By moving one or both of the plates 132 and 134 relative to the base member 130, a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 126 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 2B and 2C. When the liquid portion 52 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 124 and the inner opening 156, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 52 are defined by the outlet opening 126 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 126 as defined above.

Turning next to FIGS. 3A and 3B of the drawing, depicted therein is a second example actuator 220 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The actuator 220 comprises a stem portion 222 and defines an actuator passageway 224 and an outlet opening 226. The second example actuator 220 comprises a base member 230, an adjustment member 232, and a pin 234. The base member 230 comprises a main portion 240, a first wall portion 242, a second wall portion 244, and a third wall portion 246 and defines a slot 248. The main portion 240 defines a main surface 250, the first wall portion 242 defines a side surface 252, the second wall portion 244 defines a first opposing surface 254, and the third wall portion 246 defines a second opposing surface 256. The actuator passageway 224 terminates in an inner opening 258 formed in the main surface 250.

The adjustment member 232 defines a first wall portion 260, a second wall portion 262, and a third wall portion 264. The first wall portion 260 defines an upper surface 270, the second wall portion 262 defines a lower surface 272, and the third wall portion 264 defines an outer surface 274. The adjustment member 232 further defines an end surface 276. In addition, the first wall portion 260 defines a first inner surface 280, the second wall portion 262 defines a second inner surface 282, and the third wall portion 264 defines a third inner surface 284.

The adjustment member 232 is sized and dimensioned to fit snugly within the slot 248 such that the upper surface 270 engages the first opposing surface 254 and the lower surface 272 engages the second opposing surface 256. The pin 234 extends through the second wall portion 244, the adjustment member 232, and the third wall portion 246 to movably attach the adjustment member 232 to the base member 230.

The outlet opening 226 is defined by the first, second, and third inner surfaces 280, 282, and 284 of the adjustment member 232 and, in the first configuration illustrated in FIG. 3A, by the side surface 252. In the second configuration illustrated in FIG. 3B, the outlet opening 226 is defined by the first, second, and third inner surfaces 280, 282, and 284 of the adjustment member 232, by the side surface 252, by portions of the first and second opposing surfaces 254 and 256. In both the first and second configurations shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, the outlet opening 226 is rectangular in overall configuration.

Accordingly, by moving the adjustment member 232 relative to the base member 230, a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 226 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 3A and 3B. When the liquid portion 52 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 224 and the inner opening 258, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 52 are defined by the outlet opening 226 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 226 as defined above.

FIGS. 4A and 4B illustrate a third example actuator 320 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The actuator 320 comprises a stem portion 322 and defines an actuator passageway 324 and an outlet opening 326. The third example actuator 320 comprises a base member 330, an adjustment member 332, and a pin 334. The base member 330 comprises a main portion 340, a first wall portion 342, a second wall portion 344, and a third wall portion 346 and defines a slot 348. The main portion 340 defines a main surface 350, the first wall portion 342 defines a side surface 352, the second wall portion 344 defines a first opposing surface 354, and the third wall portion 346 defines a second opposing surface 356. The actuator passageway 324 terminates in an inner opening 358 formed in the main surface 350.

The adjustment member 332 defines a first wall portion 360, a second wall portion 362, and a third wall portion 364. The first wall portion 360 defines an upper surface 370, the second wall portion 362 defines a lower surface 372, and the third wall portion 364 defines an outer surface 374. The adjustment member 332 further defines an end surface 376. In addition, the first wall portion 360 defines a first inner surface 380, the second wall portion 362 defines a second inner surface 382, and the third wall portion 364 defines a third inner surface 384.

The adjustment member 332 is sized and dimensioned to fit snugly within the slot 348 such that the upper surface 370 engages the first opposing surface 354 and the lower surface 372 engages the second opposing surface 356. The pin 334 extends through the second wall portion 344, the adjustment member 332, and the third wall portion 346 to movably attach the adjustment member 332 to the base member 330.

The outlet opening 326 is defined by the first, second, and third inner surfaces 380, 382, and 384 of the adjustment member 332 and, in the first configuration illustrated in FIG. 3A, by the side surface 352. In the second configuration illustrated in FIG. 3B, the outlet opening 326 is defined by the first, second, and third inner surfaces 380, 382, and 384 of the adjustment member 332, by the side surface 352, by portions of the first and second opposing surfaces 354 and 356. In both the first and second configurations shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, the outlet opening 326 is circular or oval in overall configuration.

Accordingly, by moving the adjustment member 332 relative to the base member 330, a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 326 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 4A and 4B. When the liquid portion 52 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 324 and the inner opening 358, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 52 are defined by the outlet opening 326 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 326 as defined above.

FIGS. 5A and 5B illustrate a fourth example actuator 420 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The actuator 420 comprises a stem portion 422 and defines an actuator passageway 424 and an outlet opening 426. The fourth example actuator 420 comprises a base member 430, and an adjustment member 432. The base member 430 comprises an outlet wall 440, a back wall 442, an outlet chamber 444, an end opening 446, a threaded opening 448, and an inner opening 456. The adjustment member 432 defines a shaft portion 450, an end portion 452, and a threaded portion 454. Optionally, a handle portion 458 may be attached to the shaft portion 450.

The adjustment member 432 is sized and dimensioned such that the threaded portion 454 engages the threaded opening 448 such that the end portion 452 is adjacent to the end opening 446 of the base member 430. The threaded portion 454 further engages the threaded opening 448 such that axial rotation of the adjustment member 432 causes movement of the adjustment member 432 relative to the base member 430.

The end portion 452 of the adjustment member 432 further defines an inner surface 460 and an outer surface 462. The inner surface 460 is shaped such that a diameter thereof becomes larger along a longitudinal axis of the adjustment member 432 from the shaft portion 450 to the end surface 462. In the example depicted in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the inner surface 460 is frustoconical.

The outlet opening 426 is defined by the inner surfaces 460 of the adjustment member 432 and by the end opening 446 of the base member 430. In particular, axial rotation of the adjustment member 432 causes the adjustment member 432 to move or be displaced relative to the base member 430 as shown by a comparison of FIGS. 5A and 5B. In both the first and second configurations shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the outlet opening 426 is annular in overall configuration, but the surface area of the annular space forming the outlet opening 426 is larger in FIG. 5B than in FIG. 5A.

Accordingly, by moving the adjustment member 432 relative to the base member 430, a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 426 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 5A and 5B. When the liquid portion 52 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 424 and the inner opening 456, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 52 are defined by the outlet opening 426 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 426 as defined above.

FIGS. 6A, 6B, and 6C illustrate a fifth example actuator 520 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The example actuator 520 comprises a stem portion 522 and defines an actuator passageway 524 and an outlet opening 526. The fifth example actuator 520 comprises a base member 530, an adjustment member 532, and a pin 534. The base member 530 comprises a main portion 540 and, optionally, a front wall portion 542 and a side wall portion 544. The example base member 530 thus defines a groove 546. The main portion 540 defines a main surface 550, the front wall portion 542 defines an opposing surface 552, and the side wall portion 544 defines a stop surface 554. The actuator passageway 524 terminates in an inner opening 556 formed in the main surface 550.

The adjustment member 532 defines a front surface 560, a rear surface 562, and an edge surface 564. The adjustment member 532 further defines a plate opening 570 and a pin opening 572.

The adjustment member 532 is sized and dimensioned such that a portion thereof snugly fits within the groove 546. In particular, the front and rear surfaces 560 and 562 of the adjustment member 532 engage the main surface 550 and the opposing surface 552, respectively. The pin 534 extends through the pin opening 572 to movably attach the adjustment member 532 to the base member 530. The example pin 534 is offset from the inner opening 556 along an axis of the actuator passageway 524 as shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B.

The outlet opening 526 is defined by the overlap of the plate opening 570 and the inner opening 556. In both the first and second configurations shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B, the outlet opening 526 changes both size in terms of cross-sectional area and shape. When the outlet opening 526 is as shown in FIG. 6A, the outlet opening 526 is in the shape of a pointed oval and is approximately 10-20% of the size of the plate opening 570. When the outlet opening 526 is as shown in FIG. 6B, the outlet opening 526 is circular and is approximately 100% of the size of the plate opening 570. The edge surface 564 engages the stop surface 554 when the adjustment member 532 is in the position shown in FIG. 6B. The optional front wall portion 542 helps hold the adjustment member 532 against the main surface 550 but may not be necessary depending upon the circumstances.

Accordingly, by moving the adjustment member 532 relative to the base member 530, both a shape and a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 526 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 6A and 6B. When the liquid portion 52 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 524 and the inner opening 556, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 52 are defined by the outlet opening 526 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 526 as defined above.

FIGS. 7A, 7B, and 7C illustrate a sixth example actuator 620 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The example actuator 620 comprises a stem portion 622 and defines an actuator passageway 624 and an outlet opening 626. The sixth example actuator 620 comprises a base member 630, an adjustment member 632, and a pin 634. The base member 630 comprises a main portion 640 and, optionally, a front wall portion 642 and a side wall portion 644. The example base member 630 thus defines a groove 646. The main portion 640 defines a main surface 650, the front wall portion 642 defines an opposing surface 652, and the side wall portion 644 defines a stop surface 654. The actuator passageway 624 terminates in an inner opening 656 formed in the main surface 650.

The adjustment member 632 defines a front surface 660, a rear surface 662, and an edge surface 664. The adjustment member 632 further defines a plate opening 670 and a pin opening 672.

The adjustment member 632 is sized and dimensioned such that a portion thereof snugly fits within the groove 646. In particular, the front and rear surfaces 660 and 662 of the adjustment member 632 engage the main surface 650 and the opposing surface 652, respectively. The pin 634 extends through the pin opening 672 to movably attach the adjustment member 632 to the base member 630. The example pin 634 is aligned with the inner opening 656 along an axis of the actuator passageway 624 as shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B.

The outlet opening 626 is defined by the overlap of the plate opening 670 and the inner opening 656. In both the first and second configurations shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B, the outlet opening 626 changes both size in terms of cross-sectional area and shape. When the outlet opening 626 is as shown in FIG. 7A, the outlet opening 626 is in the shape of a pointed oval and is approximately 10-20% of the size of the plate opening 670. When the outlet opening 626 is as shown in FIG. 7B, the outlet opening 626 is circular and is approximately 100% of the size of the plate opening 670. The edge surface 664 engages the stop surface 654 when the adjustment member 632 is in the position shown in FIG. 7B. The optional front wall portion 642 helps hold the adjustment member 632 against the main surface 650 but may not be necessary depending upon the circumstances.

Accordingly, by moving the adjustment member 632 relative to the base member 630, both a shape and a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 626 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 7A and 7B. When the liquid portion 62 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 624 and the inner opening 656, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 62 are defined by the outlet opening 626 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 626 as defined above.

FIGS. 8A-8D illustrate a seventh example actuator 720 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The actuator 720 comprises a stem portion 722 and defines an actuator passageway 724 and an outlet opening 726. The seventh example actuator 720 comprises a base member 730 and an adjustment member 732. The base member 730 comprises an outlet wall 740, an outlet chamber 742, and an outer surface 744. The adjustment member 732 defines a front wall 750, a perimeter wall 752, and cavity 754. The front wall 750 defines an inner surface 760, and the perimeter wall 752 defines a perimeter surface 762. The cavity 754 is partly bounded by the inner surface 760 and the perimeter surface 762. First and second adjustment openings 770 and 772 extend through the front wall 750.

The adjustment member 732 is sized and dimensioned such that the perimeter wall surface 762 thereof frictionally engages the outer surface 744 of the base member 730 to detachably attach the adjustment member 732 to the base member 730 in either any of a continuum of positions between a first position as shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B and a second position as shown FIG. 8D. The outlet opening 726 is thus defined by the first adjustment opening 770 in the first configuration illustrated in FIG. 8B and by the second adjustment opening 772 in the second configuration illustrated in FIG. 8D. In both the first and second configurations shown in FIGS. 8B and 8D, the example outlet opening 726 is circular or oval in overall configuration.

Accordingly, by moving the adjustment member 732 relative to the base member 730, a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 726 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 8B and 8D. When the liquid portion 52 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 724, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 52 are defined by the outlet opening 726 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 726 as defined above.

FIGS. 9A-C illustrate an eighth example actuator 820 that may be used as the actuator 22 of the dispensing system 20. The actuator 820 comprises a stem portion 822 and defines an actuator passageway 824 and an outlet opening 826. The eighth example actuator 820 comprises a base member 830 and an adjustment member 832. The base member 830 comprises a main portion 840 defining a main surface 842 in which is formed a groove 844 and an inner opening 846. The adjustment member 832 defines an attachment portion 850 and an adjustment portion 852. The example adjustment portion 852 defines first and second surfaces 860 and 862 that define an overlapped portion 864.

The attachment portion 852 of the adjustment member 832 is sized and dimensioned to fit snugly within the groove 844 such that the adjustment portion is arranged to extend around the inner opening 846.

The outlet opening 826 is defined by the adjustment portion 852 of the adjustment member 832. In a first configuration as illustrated in FIG. 9B, the overlapped portion 864 extends along a smaller percentage of the entire 360° arc defined by the adjustment portion 852 than second configuration illustrated in FIG. 9C. By reducing the size or percentage of the overlapped portion 864, the outlet opening 826 is correspondingly made smaller. Increasing the size or percentage of the overlapped portion 864 effectively increases the size of the outlet opening 826.

Accordingly, by pinching or otherwise altering the shape of the adjustment member 832 such that the overlapped portion 864 is made larger or smaller, a cross-sectional area of the outlet opening 826 may be changed as can be seen by a comparison of FIGS. 9B and 9C. When the liquid portion 52 of the contained material 26 is forced through the actuator passageway 824 and the inner opening 846, the characteristics of the spray 28 formed by the liquid portion 52 are defined by the outlet opening 826 formed as described above. The characteristics of the texture layer 62 formed by the spray 28 can thus be altered by changing the outlet opening 826 as defined above.

Claims (12)

What is claimed is:
1. An aerosol dispensing system for dispensing stored material in a spray, comprising:
a container defining a chamber containing the stored material and pressurized material;
a conduit defining a conduit passageway having a conduit inlet and a conduit outlet, where the conduit inlet is arranged within the chamber and the conduit outlet is arranged outside of the chamber;
an adjustment system arranged to vary a flow of stored material along the conduit passageway, where the adjustment system is arranged adjacent to the conduit outlet and comprises
an actuator member that forms at least a portion of the conduit and defines at least a portion of the conduit passageway,
a first adjustment member supported by the actuator member,
a second adjustment member supported by the actuator member, and
a first for movably connecting the first adjustment member to the actuator member; wherein
the conduit outlet is defined by a first surface of the first adjustment member and a second surface of the second adjustment member; and
at least one of the first and second adjustment members is movably supported by the actuator member such that moving the first and second adjustment members relative to each other alters a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet.
2. An aerosol dispensing system as recited in claim 1, in which the stored material is texture material.
3. An aerosol dispensing system as recited in claim 1, further comprising a second pin, in which: the second pin movably connects the second adjustment member to the actuator member.
4. An aerosol dispensing system as recited in claim 1, in which the conduit outlet is further defined by third and fourth surfaces of the actuator member.
5. An aerosol dispensing system as recited in claim 1, in which at least one of the first and second surfaces is curved.
6. A method of dispensing stored material in a spray, comprising the steps of:
defining a chamber;
arranging the stored material and pressurized material within the chamber;
defining a conduit passageway having a conduit inlet and a conduit outlet;
arranging the conduit passageway such that the conduit inlet is arranged within the chamber and the conduit outlet is arranged outside of the chamber;
providing an adjustment system comprising an actuator member and first and second adjustment members;
arranging the actuator member to define at least a portion of the conduit passageway;
supporting the first and second adjustment members on the actuator member such that the conduit outlet is defined by a first surface of the first adjustment member and a second surface of the second adjustment member;
movably connecting the first adjustment member to the actuator member with a first pin; and
moving the first adjustment member relative to the second adjustment member to alter a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet and thereby vary a flow of stored material along the conduit passageway at the conduit outlet.
7. A method as recited in claim 6, in which the stored material is texture material.
8. A method as recited in claim 6, further comprising the steps of:
movably connecting the second adjustment member to the actuator member with a second pin; and
moving the second adjustment member relative to the first adjustment member to alter a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet.
9. A method as recited in claim 6, in which the conduit outlet is further defined by third and fourth surfaces of the actuator member.
10. A method as recited in claim 6, in which at least one of the first and second surfaces is curved.
11. An aerosol dispensing system for dispensing stored material in a spray, comprising:
a container defining a chamber containing the stored material and pressurized material;
a conduit defining a conduit passageway having a conduit inlet and a conduit outlet, where the conduit inlet is arranged within the chamber and the conduit outlet is arranged outside of the chamber;
an adjustment system arranged to vary a flow of stored material along the conduit passageway, where the adjustment system is arranged adjacent to the conduit outlet and comprises
an actuator member that forms at least a portion of the conduit and defines at least a portion of the conduit passageway,
a first adjustment member supported by the actuator member, and
a second adjustment member supported by the actuator member; wherein
the conduit outlet is defined by a first surface of the first adjustment member, a second surface of the second adjustment member, and third and fourth surfaces of the actuator member; and
at least one of the first and second adjustment members is movably supported by the actuator member such that moving the first and second adjustment members relative to each other alters a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet.
12. A method of dispensing stored material in a spray, comprising the steps of:
defining a chamber;
arranging the stored material and pressurized material within the chamber;
defining a conduit passageway having a conduit inlet and a conduit outlet;
arranging the conduit passageway such that the conduit inlet is arranged within the chamber and the conduit outlet is arranged outside of the chamber;
providing an adjustment system comprising an actuator member and first and second adjustment members;
arranging the actuator member to define at least a portion of the conduit passageway;
supporting the first and second adjustment members on the actuator member such that the conduit outlet is defined by a first surface of the first adjustment member, a second surface of the second adjustment member, and third and fourth surfaces of the actuator member;
moving the first and second adjustment members relative to each other to alter a cross-sectional area of the conduit outlet and thereby vary a flow of stored material along the conduit passageway at the conduit outlet.
US13897178 2012-05-17 2013-05-17 Actuators for dispensers for texture material Active 2033-09-26 US9156602B1 (en)

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