US936101A - Soap-granulator. - Google Patents

Soap-granulator. Download PDF

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Publication number
US936101A
US936101A US19130304A US1904191303A US936101A US 936101 A US936101 A US 936101A US 19130304 A US19130304 A US 19130304A US 1904191303 A US1904191303 A US 1904191303A US 936101 A US936101 A US 936101A
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United States
Prior art keywords
soap
follower
stem
threaded
cake
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Expired - Lifetime
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US19130304A
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Richard Litton Edwards Jr
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HYGENIC SOAP GRANULATOR Co
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HYGENIC SOAP GRANULATOR Co
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Priority to US19130304A priority Critical patent/US936101A/en
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Publication of US936101A publication Critical patent/US936101A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J42/00Coffee mills; Spice mills
    • A47J42/02Coffee mills; Spice mills having grinding cones
    • A47J42/04Coffee mills; Spice mills having grinding cones hand driven
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S241/00Solid material comminution or disintegration
    • Y10S241/602Soap dispensers

Description

R. L'. EDWARDS, Ja. SOAP GRANULATOR.

APPLICATION'TILBD JAN. 30, 1904.

936,101. Patented o@t.5,19o9.

@gli

'UNITED STATS PATENT OFFICE.

RICHARD LITTON EDTARDS, JR.. 0F HOPATCONG BOROUGH, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TQ HYGENIC SOA?? GRANULATOR COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEVI JERSEY.

SOAP-GRANULATOR.

Application tiled January 30, 1904,

To all whom fit' may concern.'

in the borouglrof lflopatcong. in the county of Sussex and State of New Jersey, have inin Soap-(ranulatorsg and l do declare the followingto be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

invention relates to soap dispensing devices, and more particularly to such a granulator comprising a screw fed follower for feeding the soap to a granulating device as particles are gradually detached from the cake of soap, and it has for its object to provide improved features of construction in the toothed spider for granulating the soap, also in the follower, and further in the coinbination of parts for attaining the advantages hereinafter specified.

For the accomplishment of the objects in view the invention consists in the features ot construction andin the combination of pa rts hereinafter particularly described and then sought to be clearly delined by the claims, reference being' had to the accompanying' drawing forming a part hereof, and in which- Figure 1 is a perspective of the granulator; Fig. 2 a longitudinal vertical section of the same; Fig. a transverse section; F ig. el an end view looking through the delivery end; Fig. a perspective of the follower and screw; and Fig. C a perspective of the parts of the spider before being assembled.

in the drawing the numeral 1 designates a cylinder or shell provided atone endwith a sleeve 2 swiveled thereto in a suitable manner, for instance by a bead 3 formed on the shell and fitting into a correspondinggroove -l in the sleeve, which bead and groove may be formed by stamping up a portion of the metal of both the shell and sleeve. and the raised or stamped up portion of the sleeve may be milled so as to forni a roughened surface to be grasped by the hand when the grannlator is manipulated to operate it. lVithin the sleeve 2 is formed what for convenience will be termed a spider which in the pres ent instance is formed of two V shaped metal Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 5, 1909.

Serial No. 191,303.

plates (3 each of which is formed with notches or slits T so that the two may be brought together to form the spider 5 with a central angular opening or socket S. The outer ends E ot the spider arms are bent to form ianges vented certain new and useful Improvements or lips which will be soldered or braZed to the inside of the sleeve, and the inner edges of the arms will be serrated to form teeth' 10. the teeth of one arm being out of line with the teeth of another arm or staggered with reference to one another, said teeth serving to detach small particles of soap from the cake of soap within the shell when either the teeth or the cake of soap is turned, one in relation to the other. This affords a simple and strong spider with serrated arms constituting cutting blades for severing granulated particles of soap from the main body of the cake of soap.

lllithin the shell is a follower 11 threaded to a screw stem 12 and provided on its opposite faces, at its periphery, or next thereto, with studs 13 in alinement with each other. and the opposite ends of the screw threaded stem are made square or angular in cross section so that when the follower and stem are placed in the shell one of the square ends of the stem may tit in the angular socket S of the spider 5 carried by the swiveled sleeve Q. The outer face of the studs 13 are formed with a longitudinal groove 14 in which lits a key or longitudinally extending bead 15 formed in the wall of the shell 1 by stamping, or otherwise forming it therein.

rlhe end of the shell 1 opposite to the swiveled sleeve 2 is provided with a screw cap 16 which may be formed with a central. depression or recess 1T for one end of the threaded stem to t in.

lith the parts thus formed and assembled, and with a fake of soap 18 in the cylinder between the toothed arms of the spider and the follower and bearing against the former, if the shell be held fast and the swiveled sleeve turned, or if the latter be held fast and the former turned, or if both be turned in opposite directions, the teeth of the spider will detach small granular particles from the cake of soap which will be deposited on the hand held beneath the open end of the shell. At the same time the follower will be fed down by the screw threads of the stem so as to constantly press the cake of soap against the serrated blades of the spider. The follower cannot be turned inde- CII pendently of the shell because the two are held together against independent rotation by the key and seat connection between the two, and the cake of soap cannot turn independent of the follower because t-he stud 13 projecting from the face of the follower next to the cake fits in a corresponding recess formed in the cake of soap, and further by the longitudinal bead 15 of the shell l if the cake of soap be made with a corresponding groove to receive it, although the stud 13 entering a recess in the cake of soap may of itselfI be suflicient.

lllhen the follower 11 has reached the end of its travel and a fresh cake of soap is to be inserted in the shell, it is only necessary to remove the screw cap 1G and withdraw and invert the screw stem and follower thus bringing the follower to the upper or screw i cap end of the shell and inserting the inverted angular end of the screw stem in the socket of the spider' and causing the other projecting stud of the follower to enter the recess for it in the fresh cake of soap. It will thus be observed that by providing the studs 123 projecting from both faces of the follower and having both ends of the screw stein made angular, or alike, it is not necessary to run the follower from one end to the other of the screw stem when a fresh cake of soap is to be inserted in the shell, as by a mere inversion or transposition of the follower and stem the parts are brought into proper position. This saves time and Vlabor and simplifies the operation. A further advantage of having the studs project from opposite faces of the follower is that an extended surface contact is afforded between the studs and the bead on the inside of the cylinder and thus a better alinement of the parts is preserved; and an advantage of having the stud at the periphery of the follower is that it may enter a recess formed for it in the end of the cake of soap at its periphery and thus insure a secure locking of the cake of soap and follower together, and at the same time the stud will afford greater surface contact with the bead of the shell than would be afforded by merely the thickness of the follower'. It will be observed also that the thickness or diameter of the threaded stem is reduced for a distance near each end of the stem. This is for the purpose of freeing the follower from working engagement with the stem at such points so as to indicate by the non-feed of the soap that the cake of soap is practically exhausted or consumed and should be replaced by a fresh cake. This also prevents the follower or its projecting stud, from coming in contact with the teeth of the spider and thus damage to the teeth is prevented.

This granulator may be made of such diniensionsVV that it may be carried in the pocket or valise, and the open or spider end may be provided with a cap or cover 17 which may slip over the end and be held thereto by frictional contact.

have illustrated and described with particularity the preferred details of construction of parts but it is obvious that changes an be made therein and essential features of my invention be retained.

Having described my invention and set forth its merits, what l claim is 1. soap granulator .comprising a shell, a screw threaded follower and stem, and toothed spider arms formed of V-shaped plates slitted and assembled to form an angular socket for the end of the screw threaded stem, sul'istantially as described.

2. A soap granulator comprising a shell, a screw threaded follower and stem, and studs projecting from opposite faces of the follower and in non-rotatable locking engagement with a part of the shell both above and below the follower, one of said studs being adapted to tit in a recess in a cake of soap contained within the shell, substantially as described.

3. A soap granulator comprising a shell, a screw threaded follower and stem, the stem being angular at opposite ends, studs projecting' from opposite faces of the follower, means to prevent the follower rotating with the stem, and a toothed spider having a socket to receive either angular end of the stem, substantially as described.

et. A soap granulator comprising a shell, a screw threaded stem, an invertible follower threaded to the stem, the stem being reduced in diameter near opposite ends to permit the follower to run free on the reduced portions, a toothed spider having a socket to receive the end of the stem, and studs projecting from opposite faces of the follower to adapt one of said studs to lit in a recess in a cake of soap whichever faceof the follower may be next to said cake of soap, substantially as described.

The soap granulator comprising the shell having the longitudinally depressed bead, the screw threaded follower and stem angular at each end, the toothed spider formed with a socket for the stem, and the studs projecting from opposite faces of the follower and in sliding locking` engagement with the longitudinally extending bead of the shell, substantially as described.

G. ln a soap dispensing machine, in combination, a casing adapted to receive a cake of soap, a threaded stem supported in said casing and a follower threaded upon said stem provided with means for engaging said casing and the cake of soap therein, whereby the casing, follower and cake of soap are restrained against rotative movement relative to one another.

7. In a soap dispensing machine, in combination, a casing, a threaded stem supported lll) in said casing, and a. follower threaded upon said stem provided with a projection adapted for engaging said casing and the calre of soap therein, whereby the casing, follower and cake of soap are restrained against rotative movement relative to one another.

S. In a soap dispensing machine, in combination, a casing adapted to receive a cake of soap, a threaded stem supported in said casing, and a follower threaded upon said stem provided with a lug engaging externally the calre of soap in said casing and internally a portion of said casing whereby the casing, follower and calre of soap are restrained against rotative movement relative to one another.

9. In a soap dispensing machine, in combination, a casing adapted to receive a calre of soap, a threaded stem supported in said casing, and a follower threaded upon said stem provided with a lug adapted to be received in a recess in a cake of soap and having' a recess adapted to receive a projection extending from said casing whereby the casing, follower and cake of soap are restrained against rotative movement relative to one another.

IO. In a device of the class described, in combination, a receiver, a threaded stem supported therein, and an invertible follower threaded upon said stem, provided upon opposite faces with means adapted to engage with a cake of soap contained in said receiver.

ll. In mechanism of the class described, in combination, a receiver for a cake of soap, an end to end reversible threaded stem supported in said receiver, and a feeding device for a cake of soap threaded upon said stem, having projections upon either side adapted to enter a recess in the cake of soap, said projections being also adapted to engage said receiver whereby said follower is held against rotation.

l2. In a device of the class described, in combination. a receiver for a cake of soap or similar article, an end to end reversible stem mounted in said receiver, and a follower threaded upon said stem provided with a projection adapted to engage with a cake of soap whichever end of said stem is inserted in said receiver.

I3. In a d vice of the class described, in combination, a receiver for a cake of soap, a stein mounted in said receiver, said stein being threaded intermediate its ends and having unthreaded portions adjacent its threaded portions, and a follower threaded upon said stem and adapted to traverse said threaded portion, said stem being` capable of ha ving either of its ends inserted in said receiver, and said follower having means upon either of its faces adapted for entering a recess in the cake of soap contained in said receiver.

la. In a device of the class described, in combination, a receiver for a cake of soap, a soap comminuting device mounted in said receiver, and end to end reversible stem positioned in said container having similar ends, either of which is adapted to engage said comminuting device, a follower threaded upon said stem, said follower having projections upon its opposite faces, either of which is adapted to enter a recess in a cake of soap according to which end of the stein is inserted in said container.

l5. In a soap dispensing machine, in combination, an inclosing casing, a stem mounted in said casing, said stem being provided with threaded portions near either end, and also having an intermediate threaded portion whereby unthreaded portions are provided between the intermediate threaded portion and those at the ends of the stem, and a follower threaded upon said intermediate threaded portion provided upon either of its faces with similar project-ions adapted for entering a recess in the cake of soap in said inclosing casing.

I6. In a soap dispensing machine, in combination, a receiver for a cake of soap, a stem supported in said receiver, said stem being' provided with a plurality of threaded portions separated by unthreaded reduced portions, and a follower threaded upon one of said threaded portions adapted to traverse the same.

17. In a soap dispensing machine, in combination, a receiver for a cale of soap, al stem supported in said receiver, said stem being threaded near its upper end and also threaded below its upper end, the threaded portions being separated by a reduced nnthreaded portion, and a follower threaded upon said last mentioned threaded portion and adapted to traverse the same.

18. In a soap dispensing machine, in combination, a receiver for a cake of soap, a stem supported in said receiver, said stein having threaded end portions and a threaded intermediate portion, and also having unthreaded reduced portions between said threaded portions, and a follower threaded upon said intermediate threaded portion and adapted to traverse the same.

In testimony whereof I afix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

RICHARD LITTON EDWARDS, JR.

Witnesses Oscar T. ROBERTS, E. O. DUnLn.

US19130304A 1904-01-30 1904-01-30 Soap-granulator. Expired - Lifetime US936101A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2695118A (en) * 1950-05-18 1954-11-23 Charles V Porter Dispensing container with reversible follower and threaded actuating rod
US2700995A (en) * 1951-04-04 1955-02-01 Ritter Ernst Apparatus to produce shavings from solid materials such as soap
US3295998A (en) * 1962-05-28 1967-01-03 Vendcor Inc Apparatus for preparing and dispensing hot potables
US3464469A (en) * 1966-09-29 1969-09-02 August Belz Pocket soap dispenser
US4212430A (en) * 1978-09-11 1980-07-15 Deering Precision Instruments Co. Hand-held pulverizer
US4388011A (en) * 1979-09-20 1983-06-14 Smith Donald R Material dispenser toothbrush
US4457641A (en) * 1981-04-13 1984-07-03 Smith Donald R Material dispenser apparatus
US4560352A (en) * 1982-11-04 1985-12-24 Espe Fabrik Pharmazeutischer Praparate Gmbh Dispenser for metering dental compositions
US5071663A (en) * 1990-11-20 1991-12-10 Ed Dugan Cheese grater and package
US5967434A (en) * 1997-11-03 1999-10-19 Virk; Shameer Singh Apparatus for grating cheese and the like
US20050158427A1 (en) * 2004-01-15 2005-07-21 Sierra Innotek, Inc. Means and device for decorating food items
US20050160894A1 (en) * 2003-12-09 2005-07-28 Dalter Alimentari S.P.A. Devices and systems for cutting food and products originally in block form
US20120231125A1 (en) * 2011-03-09 2012-09-13 Dorot - Garlic & Herbs Agricultural Cooperation Ltd. Method of producing a packaged edible

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2695118A (en) * 1950-05-18 1954-11-23 Charles V Porter Dispensing container with reversible follower and threaded actuating rod
US2700995A (en) * 1951-04-04 1955-02-01 Ritter Ernst Apparatus to produce shavings from solid materials such as soap
US3295998A (en) * 1962-05-28 1967-01-03 Vendcor Inc Apparatus for preparing and dispensing hot potables
US3464469A (en) * 1966-09-29 1969-09-02 August Belz Pocket soap dispenser
US4212430A (en) * 1978-09-11 1980-07-15 Deering Precision Instruments Co. Hand-held pulverizer
US4388011A (en) * 1979-09-20 1983-06-14 Smith Donald R Material dispenser toothbrush
US4457641A (en) * 1981-04-13 1984-07-03 Smith Donald R Material dispenser apparatus
US4560352A (en) * 1982-11-04 1985-12-24 Espe Fabrik Pharmazeutischer Praparate Gmbh Dispenser for metering dental compositions
US5071663A (en) * 1990-11-20 1991-12-10 Ed Dugan Cheese grater and package
US5967434A (en) * 1997-11-03 1999-10-19 Virk; Shameer Singh Apparatus for grating cheese and the like
US20050160894A1 (en) * 2003-12-09 2005-07-28 Dalter Alimentari S.P.A. Devices and systems for cutting food and products originally in block form
US7318558B2 (en) * 2003-12-09 2008-01-15 Dalter Alimentari S.P.A Devices and systems for cutting food and products originally in block form
US20050158427A1 (en) * 2004-01-15 2005-07-21 Sierra Innotek, Inc. Means and device for decorating food items
US20120231125A1 (en) * 2011-03-09 2012-09-13 Dorot - Garlic & Herbs Agricultural Cooperation Ltd. Method of producing a packaged edible

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