New! View global litigation for patent families

US9301687B2 - System and method for OCT depth calibration - Google Patents

System and method for OCT depth calibration Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US9301687B2
US9301687B2 US14206485 US201414206485A US9301687B2 US 9301687 B2 US9301687 B2 US 9301687B2 US 14206485 US14206485 US 14206485 US 201414206485 A US201414206485 A US 201414206485A US 9301687 B2 US9301687 B2 US 9301687B2
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
image
fig
imaging
system
catheter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
Application number
US14206485
Other versions
US20140270445A1 (en )
Inventor
Nathaniel J. Kemp
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Volcano Corp
Original Assignee
Volcano Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/0059Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence
    • A61B5/0073Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence by tomography, i.e. reconstruction of 3D images from 2D projections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/0059Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence
    • A61B5/0062Arrangements for scanning
    • A61B5/0066Optical coherence imaging
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/0059Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence
    • A61B5/0082Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence adapted for particular medical purposes
    • A61B5/0084Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence adapted for particular medical purposes for introduction into the body, e.g. by catheters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/02007Evaluating blood vessel condition, e.g. elasticity, compliance
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6846Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be brought in contact with an internal body part, i.e. invasive
    • A61B5/6847Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be brought in contact with an internal body part, i.e. invasive mounted on an invasive device
    • A61B5/6852Catheters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2560/00Constructional details of operational features of apparatus; Accessories for medical measuring apparatus
    • A61B2560/02Operational features
    • A61B2560/0223Operational features of calibration, e.g. protocols for calibrating sensors

Abstract

The invention generally relates to methods for calibrating an OCT image by comparing a detected location of a feature within the image to an expected location of the feature, calculating a calibration value, and transforming the location of pixels within the image to provide a calibrated image.

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This application claims the benefit of, and priority to, U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/778,761, filed Mar. 13, 2013, which is incorporated by reference.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to methods for calibrating optical coherence tomography images.

BACKGROUND

Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems operate via a rotating catheter that is introduced into a patient's blood vessels to image the vessel walls to detect atherosclerotic plaque and other life-threatening conditions. The catheter takes a picture by shooting beams of light as it rotates and translates within the vessel and detecting light that is reflected back. The light is detected in the form of a series of lines arranged in a helix. A computer processor can digitize the information and arrange it for presentation on a screen.

One problem in OCT is calibration. The lines are treated as if they originate at the center of the fiber optical catheter, but this is based on assumptions about the path length of light through the catheter. The catheter is, in-fact, subject to stresses that can distort the path length during imaging. Thus, if the catheter stretches by a millimeter during imaging, the radius to a point on each line is artificially shrunken by a millimeter. If a diameter is measured on that image, the diameter will be wrong by two millimeters.

Unfortunately, the fiber optical catheter is within a patient during imaging and the imaging proceeds rapidly, so it is not realistic for an attendant to stand by and measure stretching or distortion of the catheter. Since one measure of the severity of atherosclerosis is cross-sectional area of space within a blood vessel, path length changes in OCT imaging hardware interfere with accurately evaluating the severity of a patient's condition.

SUMMARY

The invention provides systems and methods for calibrating OCT images by detecting a feature within the image, where a position of the feature within the actual patient is known. For example, a surface of an imaging catheter can be detected automatically within the OCT image. If the diameter of the catheter is known a priori, the detected location can be compared to the expected location to determine a path length distortion. The image can be transformed to correct for the path length distortion, thereby repositioning all of the pixels into locations that accurately depict the bodily tissue. This provides a calibrated image in which apparent dimensions in the image display (e.g., as seen on a computer monitor) can be used to faithfully determine actual dimensions of medically significant features within a patient's body. Thus OCT imaging can be used to evaluate the severity of atherosclerosis by, for example, revealing the actual space through a blood vessel through which blood may flow.

In certain aspects, the invention provides a method of calibrating an imaging system by obtaining an image that includes a target and a reference item, detecting a location of the reference item within the image, determining a y-value of the location, comparing the determined y-value to a stored reference y-value, calculating a calibration value based on the comparison, and providing a calibrated image by shifting pixels in a y-direction according to the calibration value. The imaging system may be an optical coherence tomography system. The reference item may be an image of a catheter sheath. The detecting step may include a morphological image processing operation. The method may include digitally transforming image data to provide the calibrated image. Detecting the location may include peak searching, correlation, thresholding, or performing a pattern recognition algorithm. The method may involve obtaining an a priori range over which a path length displacement may occur. Determining the y-value may include averaging across the image. Calculating the calibration value may include taking a difference between the determined y-value and the stored reference y-value.

In some embodiments, a feature is also removed (cropped) from the image. For example, the detected reference item may be removed from the image. Removing may be by cropping out the feature across its extent in the y direction at all x positions. Cropping or removing a feature may include calculating an average value of pixels proximal to the cropped region and inserting the average values to replace the cropped pixels.

In certain embodiments, any or all of the foregoing steps are performed using a computer system comprising a tangible, non-transitory memory coupled to a processor. In related aspects, the invention provides a system for providing a calibrated image, in which the system includes a memory coupled to a processor, the system being operable to perform any of the foregoing steps.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 shows use of an imaging system according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 2 is a diagram of components of an OCT system.

FIG. 3 diagrams components within a patient interface module (PIM).

FIG. 4 shows the structure of a PIM according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 5 is a diagram of components in an imaging engine.

FIG. 6 is a diagram of an interferometer for use with systems of certain embodiments.

FIG. 7 illustrates a segment of a blood vessel.

FIG. 8 illustrates a section of the blood vessel.

FIG. 9 shows the motion of parts of an imaging catheter.

FIG. 10 shows an array of A scan lines of a three-dimensional imaging system.

FIG. 11 shows the positioning of A scans with in a vessel.

FIG. 12 shows a B-scan.

FIG. 13 shows a tomographic view based on the B-scan of FIG. 11.

FIG. 14 illustrates a set of A scans used to compose a tomographic view.

FIG. 15 shows the set of A scans shown in FIG. 14 within a cross section of a vessel.

FIG. 16 shows a longitudinal plane through a vessel including several A scans.

FIG. 17 is a perspective view of an image longitudinal display (ILD) of FIG. 16.

FIG. 18 is a display providing an image of the vessel shown in FIGS. 7 and 8.

FIG. 19 illustrates receiving user input indicating a point within an image.

FIG. 20 shows an area around a point to be searched.

FIG. 21 shows a calibrated B-scan.

FIG. 22 illustrates components of a system according to certain embodiments.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The invention provides systems and methods for calibrating an imaging system. Systems and methods of the invention have application in imaging systems that require calibration to provide a scale. Exemplary systems include imaging and sensing systems based on principles of rotational imaging. In some embodiments, systems and applications contemplated for use with the invention include optical coherence tomography (OCT).

In OCT systems, a light source is used to provide a beam of coherent light. The light source can include an optical gain medium (e.g., laser or optical amplifier) to produce coherent light by stimulated emission. In some embodiments, the gain medium is provided by a semiconductor optical amplifier. A light source may further include other components, such as a tunable filter that allows a user to select a wavelength of light to be amplified. Wavelengths commonly used in medical applications include near-infrared light, for example between about 800 nm and about 1700 nm.

Generally, there are two types of OCT systems, common beam path systems and differential beam path systems, that differ from each other based upon the optical layout of the systems. A common beam path system sends all produced light through a single optical fiber to generate a reference signal and a sample signal whereas a differential beam path system splits the produced light such that a portion of the light is directed to the sample and the other portion is directed to a reference surface. Common beam path systems are further described for example in U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,999,938; 7,995,210; and 7,787,127 the contents of each of which are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety.

In a differential beam path system, the coherent light from the light source is input into an interferometer and split into a reference path and a sample path. The sample path is directed to the target and used to image the target. Reflections from the sample path are joined with the reference path and the combination of the reference-path light and the sample-path light produces interference patterns in the resulting light. The light, and thus the patterns, are converted to electric signals, which are then analyzed to produce depth-resolved images of the target tissue on a micron scale. Exemplary differential beam path interferometers are Mach-Zehnder interferometers and Michelson interferometers. Differential beam path interferometers are further described for example in U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,783,337; 6,134,003; and 6,421,164, the contents of each of which are incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

Commercially available OCT systems are employed in diverse applications, including art conservation and diagnostic medicine, notably in ophthalmology where OCT can be used to obtain detailed images from within the retina. The detailed images of the retina allow one to identify diseases and trauma of the eye. Other applications of imaging systems of the invention include, for example, dermatology (e.g., to image subsurface structural and blood flow formations), dentistry (to image teeth and gum line), gastroenterology (e.g., to image the gastrointestinal tract to detect polyps and inflammation), and cancer diagnostics (for example, to discriminate between malignant and normal tissue).

In certain embodiments, systems and methods of the invention image within a lumen of tissue. Various lumen of biological structures may be imaged including, for example, blood vessels, including, but not limited, to vasculature of the lymphatic and nervous systems, various structures of the gastrointestinal tract including lumen of the small intestine, large intestine, stomach, esophagus, colon, pancreatic duct, bile duct, hepatic duct, lumen of the reproductive tract including the vas deferens, vagina, uterus and fallopian tubes, structures of the urinary tract including urinary collecting ducts, renal tubules, ureter, and bladder, and structures of the head and neck and pulmonary system including sinuses, parotid, trachea, bronchi, and lungs. Systems and methods of the invention have particular applicability in imaging veins and arteries such as, for example, the arteries of the heart. Since an OCT system can be calibrated to provide scale information, intravascular OCT imaging of the coronary arteries can reveal plaque build-up over time, change in dimensions of features, and progress of thrombotic elements. The accumulation of plaque within the artery wall over decades is the setup for vulnerable plaque which, in turn, leads to heart attack and stenosis (narrowing) of the artery. OCT images, if scaled or calibrated, are useful in determining both plaque volume within the wall of the artery and/or the degree of stenosis of the artery lumen. Intravascular OCT can also be used to assess the effects of treatments of stenosis such as with hydraulic angioplasty expansion of the artery, with or without stents, and the results of medical therapy over time.

FIG. 1 depicts the use of an exemplary intravascular OCT system 801. A physician controls an imaging catheter 826 through use of a handheld patient interface module (PIM) 839 to collect image data from a patient. Image data collected through catheter 826 is transmitted by PIM cable 841 to an imaging engine 859, which can be, for example, housed within a bedside unit or in a nearby computer installation or in a server rack coupled via networking technologies. As shown in FIG. 1, an OCT system can further include a workstation 433 (e.g., a monitor, keyboard, and mouse).

FIG. 2 gives a block diagram of components of OCT system 801. Imaging engine 859 is coupled to PIM 839 via PIM cable 841. Imaging catheter 826 extends from PIM 839 to the site of imaging. Engine cable 845 connects imaging engine 859 to host workstation 433. OCT is discussed in U.S. Pat. No. 8,108,030; U.S. Pub. 2011/0152771; U.S. Pub. 2010/0220334; U.S. Pub. 2009/0043191; U.S. Pub. 2008/0291463; and U.S. Pub. 2008/0180683, the contents of each of which are incorporated by reference in their entirety for all purposes. In certain embodiments, systems and methods of the invention include processing hardware configured to interact with more than one different three dimensional imaging system so that the tissue imaging devices and methods described here in can be alternatively used with OCT, IVUS, or other hardware.

As shown in FIG. 1, an operator controls imaging catheter 826 via handheld PIM 839. PIM 839 may include controls such as knobs or buttons to start or stop operation, set or vary speed or displacement, or otherwise control the imaging operation. PIM 839 further includes hardware for operating the imaging catheter.

FIG. 3 shows components of PIM 839. Catheter 826 is mounted to PIM 839 via a catheter receptacle 869. Spin motor 861 is provided to rotate catheter 826 and pullback motor 865 is provided to drive lateral translation of catheter 826. Also depicted is a keypad for input/output, a fiber-optic rotary joint (iFORj), a printed circuit board assembly (PCBA), and optional RFID components.

FIG. 4 gives a perspective view of PIM 839 with a keypad cover removed. Spin motor 861 is provided to rotate catheter 826 and pullback motor 865 causes lateral translation. Optical signals, electrical signals, or both arrive at PIM 839 via PIM cable 841. PIM cable 841 extends to imaging engine 859 as shown in FIG. 2.

FIG. 5 shows components of imaging engine 859. As shown in FIG. 5, the imaging engine 859 (e.g., a bedside unit) houses a power distribution board 849, light source 827, interferometer 831, and variable delay line 835 as well as a data acquisition (DAQ) board 855 and optical controller board (OCB) 851.

Light source 827, as discussed above, may use a laser or an optical amplifier as a source of coherent light. Coherent light is transmitted to interferometer 831.

FIG. 6 shows a path of light through interferometer 831 during OCT imaging. Coherent light for image capture originates within the light source 827. This light is split between an OCT interferometer 905 and an auxiliary, or “clock”, interferometer 911. Light directed to the OCT interferometer is further split by splitter 917 and recombined by splitter 919 with an asymmetric split ratio. The majority of the light is guided into the sample path 913 and the remainder into a reference path 915. The sample path includes optical fibers running through the PIM 839 and the imaging catheter 826 and terminating at the distal end of the imaging catheter where the image is captured.

An image is captured by introducing imaging catheter 826 into a target within a patient, such as a lumen of a blood vessel. This can be accomplished by using standard interventional techniques and tools such as a guide wire, guide catheter, or angiography system. Suitable imaging catheters and their use are discussed in U.S. Pat. No. 8,116,605 and U.S. Pat. No. 7,711,413, the contents of which are incorporated by reference in their entirety for all purposes.

FIG. 7 provides an illustration of a segment of a vessel 101 having a feature 113 of interest. FIG. 8 shows a cross-section of vessel 101 through feature 113. In certain embodiments, intravascular imaging involves positioning imaging catheter 826 within vessel 101 near feature 113 and collecting data to provide a three-dimensional image. Data can be collected in three dimensions by rotating catheter 826 around a catheter axis to collect image data in radial directions around the catheter while also translating catheter 826 along the catheter axis. As a result of combined rotation and translation, catheter 826 collects image data from a series of scan lines (each referred to as an A-scan line, or A-scan) disposed in a helical array.

FIG. 9 shows the motion of parts of an imaging catheter according to certain embodiments of the invention. Rotation of imaging catheter 826 around axis 117 is driven by spin motor 861 while translation along axis 117 is driven by pullback motor 865, as discussed above with reference to FIG. 4. An imaging tip of catheter 826 generally follows helical trace 119, resulting in a motion for image capture described by FIG. 9. Blood in the vessel is temporarily flushed with a clear solution for imaging. When operation is triggered from PIM 839 or a control console, the imaging core of catheter 826 rotates while collecting image data, which data is delivered to the imaging system.

FIG. 10 illustrates the helical array of A-scan lines A11, A12, . . . , AN captured by the imaging operation.

FIG. 11 is provided to show the positioning of A-scans A11, A12, . . . , AN within vessel 101. Each place where one of A-scans A11, A12, . . . , AN intersects a surface of a feature within vessel 101 (e.g., a vessel wall) coherent light is reflected and detected. Catheter 826 translates along axis 117 being pushed or pulled by pullback motor 865.

Looking back at FIG. 6, the reflected, detected light is transmitted along sample path 913 to be recombined with the light from reference path 915 at splitter 919. Calibration of the system relates to a length of sample path 913 compared to a length of reference path 915. The difference between these lengths is referred to as the z-offset and when the paths are the same length, the z-offset is said to be zero, and the system is calibrated. Calibration will be discussed in more detail below. Z-offset is discussed in U.S. Pat. No. 8,116,605, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety for all purposes. When the z-offset is zero, the system is said to be calibrated.

After combining light from the sample, and reference paths, the combined light from splitter 919 is split into orthogonal polarization states, resulting in RF-band polarization-diverse temporal interference fringe signals. The interference fringe signals are converted to photocurrents using PIN photodiodes 929 a, 929 b, . . . on the OCB 851 as shown in FIG. 6. The interfering, polarization splitting, and detection steps are done by a polarization diversity module (PDM) on the OCB. Signal from the OCB is sent to the DAQ 855, shown in FIG. 5. The DAQ includes a digital signal processing (DSP) microprocessor and a field programmable gate array (FPGA) to digitize signals and communicate with the host workstation and the PIM. The FPGA converts raw optical interference signals into meaningful OCT images. The DAQ also compresses data as necessary to reduce image transfer bandwidth to 1 gigabit per second (Gbps) (e.g., compressing frames with a lossy compression JPEG encoder).

Data is collected from A-scans A11, A12, . . . , AN, as shown in FIG. 11, and stored in a tangible, non-transitory memory. A set of A-scans captured in a helical pattern during a rotation and pullback event can be collected and viewed alongside one another in a plane, in a format known as a B-scan.

FIG. 12 gives a reproduction of a B-scan collected using an OCT system. Each horizontal row of pixels corresponds to one A-scan, with the first A-scan (e.g., A11) being displayed across the top of the image. The horizontal axis labeled “Depth” represents a radial distance from imaging catheter 826. Noting—as shown in FIG. 10—that each A-scan line is progressively displaced from an adjacent A-scan in an angular direction around an axis 117 of catheter 826 (while also being displaced in a translational direction along axis 117), one set of A-scans associated with a 360° displacement around axis 117 can be collected into a view that depicts a slice of vessel 101 perpendicular to axis 117. This view is referred to as a tomographic view.

FIG. 13 shows a tomographic view based on the B-scan of FIG. 11. A tomographic view comprises a set of A-scans that defines one circumference around vessel 101. An arrow pointing straight down in FIG. 12 corresponds to the circular arrow in FIG. 13 and aids in visualization of the three-dimensional nature of the data.

FIG. 14 provides a cartoon illustration of a set of A-scans A11, A12, . . . , A18 used to compose a tomographic view. These A-scan lines are shown as would be seen looking down axis 117 (i.e., longitudinal distance between them is not shown). While eight A-scan lines are here illustrated in cartoon format in FIG. 14, typical OCT applications can include between 300 and 1,000 A-scan lines to create a B scan (e.g., about 660) or a tomographic view.

FIG. 15 provides a cartoon illustration of the tomographic view associated with the A-scans of FIG. 14. Reflections detected along each A-scan line are associated with features within the imaged tissue. Reflected light from each A-scan is combined with corresponding light that was split and sent through reference path 915 and VDL 925 and interference between these two light paths as they are recombined indicates features in the tissue. Where a tomographic view such as is depicted in FIG. 15 generally represents an image as a planar view across a vessel (i.e., normal to axis 117), an image can also be represented as a planar view along a vessel (i.e., axis 117 lies in the plane of the view).

FIG. 16 shows a longitudinal plane 127 through a vessel 101 including several A scans. Such a planar image along a vessel is sometimes referred to as an in-line digital view or image longitudinal display (ILD). As shown in FIG. 16, plane 127 generally comprises data associated with a subset of the A scans. The data of the A scan lines is processed according to systems and methods of the inventions to generate images of the tissue. By processing the data appropriately (e.g., by fast Fourier transformation), a two-dimensional image can be prepared from the three dimensional data set. Systems and methods of the invention provide one or more of a tomographic view, ILD, or both.

FIG. 17 is a perspective view of an idealized plane shown including an exemplary ILD in the same perspective as the longitudinal plane shown in FIG. 16. Where an OCT system captures three-dimensional image data, host workstation 433 may store the three dimensional image data in a tangible, non-transitory memory and provides a display that includes a tomographic view (e.g., FIG. 15), an ILD (e.g., FIG. 17), or both (e.g., on a screen or computer monitor). In some embodiments, a tomographic view and an ILD are displayed together, providing information that operators can intuitively visualize as representing a three-dimensional structure.

FIG. 18 is a reproduction of a display of an OCT system including a tomographic view on the left and an ILD on the right. As shown in FIG. 18, a tomographic view may include ring-like elements near the center and the ILD may include corresponding sets of vertical line-like elements. One ring in the tomographic view may correspond to one pair of lines in the ILD. These elements within the displays are often, in-fact, images of part of the imaging system itself. In some embodiments, a ring in a tomographic view and lines in an ILD represent a surface of catheter 826 such as, for example, an outer surface of a catheter sheath. The portions of the images extending away from those elements are the images of the patient's tissue.

The invention provides methods and systems for detecting and using OCT image features, either intentionally generated or artifactual, for automatically adjusting the depth range in polar (“radar-like”) OCT images. Circular or cylindrical OCT scanning devices sample physical space in an inherently polar coordinate system (e.g. radius and angle rather than length and width). However, digital representations of images (i.e. arrays of pixels representing numeric values) are inherently rectangular as shown in FIG. 12.

Polar OCT images must be converted from their rectangular representation (from FIG. 12) before displaying to the viewer (e.g., transformed to FIG. 13). Additionally, if quantitative values (e.g. lumen diameters, lumen areas, circumferences, etc.) are to be measured on the polar image, then the transformation from rectangular to polar must preserve relative distances between pixels in all dimensions (radial and angular). Generally, the OCT depth scan (y axis in rectangular coordinates) maps directly to radius and the OCT circumferential scan (x axis in rectangular coordinates) maps to some increment of 2π radians (or 360°) polar angle.

For example: y=0 (the top row of the rectangular image) maps to radius=0 (the center of the polar image) and y=ymax (the bottom row of the rectangular image) maps to radius=ymax (the perimeter of the polar image). Likewise, x=0 (the left column in the rectangular image) maps to angle=0° and x=xmax/2 maps to approximately 180° and x=xmax maps to an angle of approximately 359°. (It is noted that the assignment of x or y to rows or columns is arbitrary and non-limiting. Herein, “x” and “y” could be reversed in any example, meaning only that a rectangular image would be stored in the computer memory as a transpose relative to the other.)

For accurate quantitative dimensional measurement in polar images, pixels mapping to radius=0 must represent the actual physical space at the center of the axis of rotation of the imaging probe, otherwise the polar image will be artificially warped (expanded or contracted) in the radial direction. However, in an arbitrary OCT image, the pixels at y=0 do not necessarily satisfy this requirement and must be shifted in the y dimension until this is satisfied before mapping to a polar representation. Differential displacements (either controlled or uncontrolled) in the path length of the sample vs. reference arms of the interferometer will shift the pixels in the y dimension.

Displacements can occur when using cylindrical (typically actually helical) scanning fiber-optic OCT catheters. For example, when the catheter is pushed or pulled longitudinally, the fiber-optic cable can be compressed or stretched and thus a path length displacement is incurred.

The method disclosed herein is of automatic recognition of the uncontrolled displacement effect based on searching for image features which should be stationary (but are not due to uncontrollable displacement), and successive calibration of OCT image data so that polar representations can then be used for accurate dimensional measurements.

Additionally, a method is provided for subsequent removal of said features in image prior to display.

Image features used by the methods and systems disclosed herein are preferably generated within the catheter itself (i.e., not within the imaged subject or surroundings) and should appear somewhat stable in depth and consistent in intensity throughout the 360° rotation of the catheter. These include but are not limited to back reflections at interfaces between optical components (aka “ghost-lines” or “echo artifacts”, these occur along the optical axis of rotating parts and thus appear as uniform circles in the polar image when no differential path length displacement occurs over the course of one catheter rotation), or reflections from the boundaries of or from within the stationary (non-rotating) catheter sheath (if it is circular in cross-sectional profile and also mechanically concentric with the rotating portion).

In some embodiments, steps in the automatic recognition and calibration method could include first averaging an OCT image frame along the x—(i.e. angular) dimension. This selectively enhances the feature(s) which are rotationally stable in the y dimension (i.e. radius) instead of other image features generated by subject or surroundings. Efficacy of the method is improved if the image feature(s) used have high intensity relative to the surrounding pixels and if subject/environment features (noise) do not have strong circumferential symmetry.

Next, features can be detected within the image. Features can be found by any suitable method or algorithm such as, for example, peak searching, correlation, thresholding, or other pattern recognition algorithms known in the art. The efficacy of this method can be improved if the range over which uncontrolled path length displacements can occur is known a priori, thus limiting the required search space.

Then, the y-value(s) of feature(s) found in the previous step are compared to a pre-calibrated y-value which represents the actual physical location(s) of that feature(s) relative to the rotational axis, or to the location of a known “conjugate image” or “aliased image” of that feature(s) when using spectral-domain OCT.

Finally, the image is calibrated by shifting the OCT image pixels in the y dimension by the difference between searched feature(s) and pre-calibrated feature(s). Multiple features can be used to improved efficacy of the algorithm. After shifting the rectangular image in the y dimension, map to polar image coordinates. Radii measured to the center of the calibrated polar image will represent actual radii measured to the rotational axis in physical space.

Often image features due to the catheter are unwanted for effective and distraction-free display of the subject/environment features. For example, the catheter image features could overlap the subject/environment features.

Steps to remove (or make less noticeable) the image features could include cropping out the image feature(s) extent in the y, or radial, direction and in all columns, or angles. Removal (or diminishment) can further include calculating the average value of the pixels immediately inside and outside (above and below) of the cropped region for all columns, or angles, and inserting this averaged row, or circumference, in the cropped location.

FIG. 18 is a cartoon illustration of a display 237 including an image of the vessel shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, as rendered by a system of the invention. The images included in display 237 in FIG. 18 are rendered in a simplified style of the purposes of ease of understanding. A system of the invention may render a display as shown in FIG. 18, or in any style known in the art (e.g., with or without color).

As shown in FIG. 18, a tomographic view of vessel 101 is depicted alongside an ILD. An outer surface of a catheter sheath appears as a ring 211 in the tomographic view and as lines 217 in the ILD. The tomographic view is depicted as including calibration mark 215, while calibration mark 219 appears in the ILD.

In some embodiments, calibration involves determining the position of ring 211 (or lines 217) in display 237 so that the system can calculate a calibration value based on a known position of calibration mark 215 (see FIG. 19; calibration mark 215 need not ever be a visible mark—it represents a conceptual point). Systems of the invention can determine the position of ring 211 or any other calibration element based on an image processing operation.

FIG. 19 illustrates, in simplified fashion, a display of an imaging system showing a catheter sheath 211 and calibration mark 215.

The system can additionally use a processor to perform an image processing operation to detect a feature such as sheath 211.

In some embodiments, the system detects a feature by starting with a defined area 227 (e.g., a pre-stored range of search values, or an arbitrary area, or the entire image).

FIG. 20 depicts a defined area 227 around point 221 on a B-scan. Area 227 operates as a search window. The search window area 227 may be a rectangle, circle, ellipse, polygon, or other shape. It may have a predetermined area (e.g., a certain number of pixels). In some embodiments, a size and shape of area 227 is determined by a prior information about a likely location of a feature to be detected.

The system searches for a feature (e.g., a sheath) within area 227 by performing a processing operation on the corresponding data. The processing operation can be any suitable search algorithm known in the art.

In some embodiments, a morphological image processing operation is used. Morphological image processing includes operations such as erosion, dilation, opening, and closing, as well as combination thereof. In some embodiments, these operations involve converting the image data to binary data giving each pixel a binary value. With pixels within area 227 converted to binary, each pixel of catheter sheath 211 will be black, and the background pixels will predominantly be white. In erosion, every pixel that is touching background is changed into a background pixel. In dilation, every background pixel that is adjacent to the non-background object pixels is changed into an object pixel. Opening is an erosion followed by a dilation, and closing is a dilation followed by an erosion. Morphological image processing is discussed in Smith, The Scientist and Engineer's Guide to Digital Signal Processing, 1997, California Technical Publishing, San Diego, Calif., pp. 436-442.

If sheath 211 is not found within area 227, area 227 can be increased and the increased area can be searched. This strategy can exploit the statistical properties of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) by which the ability to detect an object is proportional to the square root of its area. See Smith, Ibid., pp. 432-436.

With continued reference to FIG. 20, once a portion of catheter sheath 211 is detected within area 227, the search can then be extended “upwards” and “downwards” into adjacent A-scan lines in the B-scan until the entire catheter sheath 211 is detected by the processor and its location is determined with precision. In some embodiments, image processing operations incorporate algorithms with pre-set or user-set parameters that optimize results and continuity of results. For example, if a line appears that is not contiguous across an entire 100% of the image (e.g., the entire extent of the B-scan or a full circle in a tomographic view), an accept or reject parameter can be established based on a percent contiguous factor. In some embodiments, lines that are contiguous across less than 75% (or 50% or 90%, depending on applications) are rejected while others are accepted.

While described above as detecting a reference item (e.g., catheter sheath 211) by receiving user input followed by using a processor to detect a location of the sheath, the steps can be performed in other orders. For example, the system can apply morphological processing operations to an entire image and detect every element, or every element that satisfies a certain quality criterion. In some embodiments, the system can receive user input that indicates a point within an image and the user can then choose the pre-detected element that is closest to that point within the image. Similarly, the steps can be performed simultaneously.

Using the methodologies herein, systems of the invention can detect an element within an image of an imaging system, such as an OCT system, with great precision, based on a search algorithm. Based on this detection, an actual location of a catheter sheath is determined and thus a precise calibration value for the catheter sheath and thus for the image (e.g., within a B-scan) is known. Where an expected z-coordinate Zc for the catheter sheath is known, based on information provided extrinsically, the a calibration value can be determined. For example, in FIG. 20, Zs is depicted as lying to the right of Zc, thereby showing a non-zero z-offset. The calibration value is then used to provide a calibrated image, or an image at a known scale.

In some embodiments, the system calculates or uses the mean, median, or root-mean-squared distance of the sheath from the calibration mark to compute the calibration value. This may be advantageous in the event of interfering speckle noise, rough or acylindrical sheaths, non-uniform catheter rotation (NURD), angular displacement of a transducer within the sheath, off-center positioning of the transducer within the sheath, or a combination thereof. In certain embodiments, only a subset of the detected points are used, for example, for efficiency or performance optimization.

FIG. 21 shows a calibrated image, here, a B-scan. The image is depicted having the catheter sheath aligned with the calibration mark. Bars on the left and right side of FIG. 21 show that some data may be shifted out and some blank space introduced by the calibration. In an alternative embodiment, the image can be stretched or compressed, or a combination of stretching and shifting may be performed, depending on preferences, purposes, or functions of a system.

It will be appreciated that the foregoing description is applicable in live mode or review mode. If the imaging system is operating in live mode, capturing an image of tissue, the calibration can be put into effect either by changing the length of reference path 915 so that z-offset is zero or by transforming the dataset or on-screen image. The length of reference path 915 can be changed through the operation of the motor in the VDL. The distance Zc-Zs is converted into millimeters and the a command is sent to move the VDL to a new position.

If the dataset is to be transformed, either in live mode or while the system is operating in review mode, the system is digitally shifted, stretched, or a combination thereof.

In another aspect, the invention provides a method for calibrating an imaging system based on receipt of user input that indicates a “motion”, such as a click-and-drag operation on a computer screen.

While discussed above using a surface of a catheter sheath as a reference item which is used as a basis for calibration, other reference items are suitable. For example, any item that can be depicted such that its expected location and actual location can be compared in a display of an imaging system may be used. In some embodiments, a fiducial marker or calibration bar is introduced into the imaging target having a known dimension (e.g., 1 nm, 1 mm, 1 cm). The system operates to display a scale or a grid based on an expected appearance of the known dimension. The user then gives input indicating a point in the display near the reference item and the system also detects a location of the reference item in an area around the indicated point. Based on the expected and actual locations or dimensions of the reference item, a calibration value is calculated and a calibrated image is provided. User input, displays, and methods of receiving user input and performing calculations may be provided by one or more computers.

In certain embodiments, display 237 is rendered within a computer operating system environment, such as Windows, Mac OS, or Linux or within a display or GUI of a specialized system. Display 237 can include any standard controls associated with a display (e.g., within a windowing environment) including minimize and close buttons, scroll bars, menus, and window resizing controls. Elements of display 237 can be provided by an operating system, windows environment, application programming interface (API), web browser, program, or combination thereof (for example, in some embodiments a computer includes an operating system in which an independent program such as a web browser runs and the independent program supplies one or more of an API to render elements of a GUI). Display 237 can further include any controls or information related to viewing images (e.g., zoom, color controls, brightness/contrast) or handling files comprising three-dimensional image data (e.g., open, save, close, select, cut, delete, etc.). Further, display 237 can include controls (e.g., buttons, sliders, tabs, switches) related to operating a three dimensional image capture system (e.g., go, stop, pause, power up, power down).

In certain embodiments, display 237 includes controls related to three dimensional imaging systems that are operable with different imaging modalities. For example, display 237 may include start, stop, zoom, save, etc., buttons, and be rendered by a computer program that interoperates with OCT or IVUS modalities. Thus display 237 can display an image derived from a three-dimensional data set with or without regard to the imaging mode of the system.

FIG. 22 diagrams an exemplary system 400. As shown in FIG. 22, imaging engine 859 communicates with host workstation 433 as well as optionally server 413 over network 409. In some embodiments, an operator uses host workstation 433, computer 449, or terminal 467 to control system 400 or to receive images. An image may be displayed using an I/O 454, which may include a monitor. Any I/O may include a monitor, keyboard, mouse or touchscreen to communicate with any of processor 459, for example, to cause data to be stored in any tangible, nontransitory memory 463. Server 413 generally includes an interface module 425 to communicate over network 409 or write data to data file 417. Input from a user is received by a processor in an electronic device such as, for example, host workstation 433, server 413, or computer 449. Methods of the invention can be performed using software, hardware, firmware, hardwiring, or combinations of any of these. Features implementing functions can also be physically located at various positions, including being distributed such that portions of functions are implemented at different physical locations (e.g., imaging apparatus in one room and host workstation in another, or in separate buildings, for example, with wireless or wired connections). In certain embodiments, host workstation 433 and imaging engine 855 are included in a bedside console unit to operate system 400.

A computer generally includes a processor for executing instructions and one or more memory devices for storing instructions, data, or both. Processors suitable for the execution of methods and operations described herein include, by way of example, both general and special purpose microprocessors (e.g., an Intel chip, an AMD chip, an FPGA). Generally, a processor will receive instructions or data from read-only memory, random access memory, or both. Generally, a computer will also include, or be operatively coupled, one or more mass storage devices for storing data that represent target such as bodily tissue. Any suitable computer-readable storage device may be used such as, for example, solid-state, magnetic, magneto-optical disks, or optical disks. Information carriers suitable for embodying computer program instructions and data include all forms of non-volatile memory, particularly tangible, non-transitory memory including by way of example semiconductor memory devices, (e.g., EPROM, EEPROM, NAND-based flash memory, solid state drive (SSD), and other flash memory devices); magnetic disks, (e.g., internal hard disks or removable disks); magneto-optical disks; and optical disks (e.g., CD and DVD disks).

Incorporation By Reference

References and citations to other documents, such as patents, patent applications, patent publications, journals, books, papers, web contents, have been made throughout this disclosure. All such documents are hereby incorporated herein by reference in their entirety for all purposes.

Equivalents

Various modifications of the invention and many further embodiments thereof, in addition to those shown and described herein, will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the full contents of this document, including references to the scientific and patent literature cited herein. The subject matter herein contains important information, exemplification and guidance that can be adapted to the practice of this invention in its various embodiments and equivalents thereof.

Claims (4)

The invention claimed is:
1. A method of calibrating an imaging system, the method comprising: using the processor for;
obtaining an image that includes a target and a reference item;
detecting a location of the reference item within the image;
determining a y-value of the location;
comparing the determined y-value to a stored reference y-value;
calculating a calibration value based on the comparison; and
providing a calibrated image by shifting pixels in a y-direction according to the calibration value;
wherein calculating the calibration value comprises taking a difference between the determined y-value and the stored reference y-value.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the pixels are shifted by the difference.
3. A method of calibrating an imaging system, the method comprising: using the processor for;
obtaining an image that includes a target and a reference item;
detecting a location of the reference item within the image;
determining a y-value of the location;
comparing the determined y-value to a stored reference y-value;
calculating a calibration value based on the comparison;
providing a calibrated image by shifting pixels in a y-direction according to the calibration value; and
removing a feature from the image;
wherein removing comprises cropping out the feature across its extent in the y direction at all x positions.
4. The method of claim 3, wherein removing comprises calculating an average value of pixels proximal to the cropped region and inserting the average values to replace the cropped pixels.
US14206485 2013-03-13 2014-03-12 System and method for OCT depth calibration Active 2034-05-28 US9301687B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201361778761 true 2013-03-13 2013-03-13
US14206485 US9301687B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-12 System and method for OCT depth calibration

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14206485 US9301687B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-12 System and method for OCT depth calibration

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20140270445A1 true US20140270445A1 (en) 2014-09-18
US9301687B2 true US9301687B2 (en) 2016-04-05

Family

ID=51527266

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14206485 Active 2034-05-28 US9301687B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-12 System and method for OCT depth calibration

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US9301687B2 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9498300B1 (en) * 2015-07-30 2016-11-22 Novartis Ag Communication system for surgical devices

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9702762B2 (en) * 2013-03-15 2017-07-11 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Calibration and image processing devices, methods, and systems

Citations (943)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6179809B2 (en)
US3301258A (en) 1963-10-03 1967-01-31 Medtronic Inc Method and apparatus for treating varicose veins
US3617880A (en) 1970-05-15 1971-11-02 Northern Electric Co Time domain reflectometer
US3789841A (en) 1971-09-15 1974-02-05 Becton Dickinson Co Disposable guide wire
US3841308A (en) 1973-10-15 1974-10-15 Medical Evaluation Devices & I Distally valved catheter device
US4140364A (en) 1973-06-23 1979-02-20 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Variable field optical system for endoscopes
US4274423A (en) 1977-12-15 1981-06-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho Catheter tip pressure transducer
US4344438A (en) 1978-08-02 1982-08-17 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health, Education And Welfare Optical sensor of plasma constituents
US4398791A (en) 1981-02-09 1983-08-16 Litton Systems, Inc. Single channel optical slip ring
US4432370A (en) 1981-10-14 1984-02-21 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Method and means for minimally invasive angiography using mono-chromatized synchrotron radiation
US4552554A (en) 1984-06-25 1985-11-12 Medi-Tech Incorporated Introducing catheter
US4577543A (en) 1983-08-18 1986-03-25 American Hospital Supply Corporation Construction of a monolithic reinforced catheter with flexible portions
US4676980A (en) 1985-09-23 1987-06-30 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Department Of Health And Human Services Target specific cross-linked heteroantibodies
US4682895A (en) 1985-08-06 1987-07-28 Texas A&M University Fiber optic probe for quantification of colorimetric reactions
US4733665A (en) 1985-11-07 1988-03-29 Expandable Grafts Partnership Expandable intraluminal graft, and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft
US4744619A (en) 1984-07-13 1988-05-17 British Telecommunications Public Limited Company Connecting and aligning optical fibres and waveguides
US4762129A (en) 1984-11-23 1988-08-09 Tassilo Bonzel Dilatation catheter
US4766386A (en) 1986-05-23 1988-08-23 Cabletron Time domain reflectometer for measuring impedance discontinuities on a powered transmission line
US4771774A (en) 1986-02-28 1988-09-20 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Motor drive unit
US4794931A (en) 1986-02-28 1989-01-03 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Catheter apparatus, system and method for intravascular two-dimensional ultrasonography
US4800886A (en) 1986-07-14 1989-01-31 C. R. Bard, Inc. Sensor for measuring the concentration of a gaseous component in a fluid by absorption
US4803639A (en) 1986-02-25 1989-02-07 General Electric Company X-ray inspection system
US4816567A (en) 1983-04-08 1989-03-28 Genentech, Inc. Recombinant immunoglobin preparations
US4819740A (en) 1987-11-16 1989-04-11 Vulcan Iron Works Inc. Vibratory hammer/extractor
US4821731A (en) 1986-04-25 1989-04-18 Intra-Sonix, Inc. Acoustic image system and method
US4824435A (en) 1987-05-18 1989-04-25 Thomas J. Fogarty Instrument guidance system
US4830023A (en) 1987-11-27 1989-05-16 Medi-Tech, Incorporated Medical guidewire
US4834093A (en) 1986-02-03 1989-05-30 Littleford Phillip O Dilation catheter and method
US4841977A (en) 1987-05-26 1989-06-27 Inter Therapy, Inc. Ultra-thin acoustic transducer and balloon catheter using same in imaging array subassembly
US4864578A (en) 1983-04-12 1989-09-05 Coherent, Inc. Scannable laser with integral wavemeter
US4873690A (en) 1986-12-15 1989-10-10 British Telecommunications Public Limited Company Optical switch
US4877314A (en) 1987-05-25 1989-10-31 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscopes
US4887606A (en) 1986-09-18 1989-12-19 Yock Paul G Apparatus for use in cannulation of blood vessels
US4917085A (en) 1987-12-14 1990-04-17 Cordis Corporation Drive cutting catheter having new and improved drive motor
US4917097A (en) 1987-10-27 1990-04-17 Endosonics Corporation Apparatus and method for imaging small cavities
US4928693A (en) 1989-03-13 1990-05-29 Schneider (Usa), Inc. Pressure monitor catheter
US4932413A (en) 1989-03-13 1990-06-12 Schneider (Usa), Inc. Guidewire exchange catheter
US4932419A (en) 1988-03-21 1990-06-12 Boston Scientific Corporation Multi-filar, cross-wound coil for medical devices
US4948229A (en) 1988-03-18 1990-08-14 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Optical switches using ferroelectric liquid crystals
US4951677A (en) 1988-03-21 1990-08-28 Prutech Research And Development Partnership Ii Acoustic imaging catheter and the like
US4969742A (en) 1989-06-27 1990-11-13 The Boeing Company Integrated optic wavemeter
US4987412A (en) 1988-08-25 1991-01-22 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Method and apparatus for the simultaneous display and correlation of independently generated images
WO1991001156A1 (en) 1989-07-20 1991-02-07 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Improved guide wire systems for intravascular catheters
US4993412A (en) 1989-08-02 1991-02-19 Eclipse Surgical Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for removal of obstructive substance from body channels
US4998972A (en) 1988-04-28 1991-03-12 Thomas J. Fogarty Real time angioscopy imaging system
US5000185A (en) 1986-02-28 1991-03-19 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Method for intravascular two-dimensional ultrasonography and recanalization
US5024234A (en) 1989-10-17 1991-06-18 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Ultrasonic imaging catheter with guidewire channel
US5025445A (en) 1989-11-22 1991-06-18 Cymer Laser Technologies System for, and method of, regulating the wavelength of a light beam
US5032123A (en) 1989-12-28 1991-07-16 Cordis Corporation Laser catheter with radially divergent treatment beam
US5037169A (en) 1990-02-20 1991-08-06 Unisys Corporation High speed low loss optical switch for optical communication systems
US5039193A (en) 1990-04-03 1991-08-13 Focal Technologies Incorporated Fibre optic single mode rotary joint
US5041108A (en) 1981-12-11 1991-08-20 Pillco Limited Partnership Method for laser treatment of body lumens
US5040548A (en) 1989-06-01 1991-08-20 Yock Paul G Angioplasty mehtod
US5054492A (en) 1990-12-17 1991-10-08 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Ultrasonic imaging catheter having rotational image correlation
US5065010A (en) 1990-08-30 1991-11-12 Camino Laboratories Fiber optic measurement system having a reference conductor for controlling the energy level of the light source
US5065769A (en) 1988-11-23 1991-11-19 Boston Scientific Corporation Small diameter guidewires of multi-filar, cross-wound coils
US5085221A (en) 1990-06-14 1992-02-04 Interspec, Inc. Ultrasonic imaging probe
US5095911A (en) 1990-05-18 1992-03-17 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Guidewire with imaging capability
US5100424A (en) 1990-05-21 1992-03-31 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Intravascular catheter having combined imaging abrasion head
US5120308A (en) 1989-05-03 1992-06-09 Progressive Angioplasty Systems, Inc. Catheter with high tactile guide wire
US5125137A (en) 1990-09-06 1992-06-30 Cardiometrics, Inc. Method for providing a miniature ultrasound high efficiency transducer assembly
US5135486A (en) 1990-08-31 1992-08-04 Endosonics Corporation Self-venting balloon dilitation catheter
US5135516A (en) 1989-12-15 1992-08-04 Boston Scientific Corporation Lubricious antithrombogenic catheters, guidewires and coatings
WO1992016865A1 (en) 1991-03-22 1992-10-01 Hicks John W Multifiber endoscope with multiple scanning modes to produce an image free of fixed pattern noise
US5155439A (en) 1989-12-12 1992-10-13 Tektronix, Inc. Method of detecting and characterizing anomalies in a propagative medium
US5158548A (en) 1990-04-25 1992-10-27 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Method and system for stent delivery
US5163445A (en) 1987-04-10 1992-11-17 Cardiometrics, Inc. Apparatus, system and method for measuring spatial average velocity and/or volumetric flow of blood in a vessel and screw joint for use therewith
US5167233A (en) 1991-01-07 1992-12-01 Endosonics Corporation Dilating and imaging apparatus
US5174295A (en) 1987-04-10 1992-12-29 Cardiometrics, Inc. Apparatus, system and method for measuring spatial average velocity and/or volumetric flow of blood in a vessel and screw joint for use therewith
US5176141A (en) 1989-10-16 1993-01-05 Du-Med B.V. Disposable intra-luminal ultrasonic instrument
US5176674A (en) 1990-03-05 1993-01-05 Schneider (Europe) Ag Angioplasty light guide catheter for the removal of stenoses using laser light energy
US5178159A (en) 1988-11-02 1993-01-12 Cardiometrics, Inc. Torqueable guide wire assembly with electrical functions, male and female connectors rotatable with respect to one another
US5183048A (en) 1991-06-24 1993-02-02 Endosonics Corporation Method and apparatus for removing artifacts from an ultrasonically generated image of a small cavity
US5188632A (en) 1984-12-07 1993-02-23 Advanced Interventional Systems, Inc. Guidance and delivery system for high-energy pulsed laser light
WO1993006213A1 (en) 1991-09-23 1993-04-01 Medical Research Council Production of chimeric antibodies - a combinatorial approach
US5201316A (en) 1991-03-18 1993-04-13 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Guide wire receptacle for catheters having rigid housings
US5202745A (en) 1990-11-07 1993-04-13 Hewlett-Packard Company Polarization independent optical coherence-domain reflectometry
US5203779A (en) 1989-03-17 1993-04-20 Schott Glaswerke Catheter system for vessel recanalization in the human body
WO1993008829A1 (en) 1991-11-04 1993-05-13 The Regents Of The University Of California Compositions that mediate killing of hiv-infected cells
US5220922A (en) 1992-03-05 1993-06-22 Barany Laszlo P Ultrasonic non-contact motion monitoring system
US5224953A (en) 1992-05-01 1993-07-06 The Beth Israel Hospital Association Method for treatment of obstructive portions of urinary passageways
US5226421A (en) 1992-03-06 1993-07-13 Cardiometrics, Inc. Doppler elongate flexible member having an inflatable balloon mounted thereon
US5240003A (en) 1989-10-16 1993-08-31 Du-Med B.V. Ultrasonic instrument with a micro motor having stator coils on a flexible circuit board
US5240437A (en) 1988-11-02 1993-08-31 Cardiometrics, Inc. Torqueable guide wire assembly with electrical functions, male and female connectors for use therewith and system and apparatus for utilizing the same
US5242460A (en) 1990-10-25 1993-09-07 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Atherectomy catheter having axially-disposed cutting edge
US5243988A (en) 1991-03-13 1993-09-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular imaging apparatus and methods for use and manufacture
US5257974A (en) 1992-08-19 1993-11-02 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Performance enhancement adaptor for intravascular balloon catheter
US5266302A (en) 1990-10-03 1993-11-30 Peyman Gholam A Method of performing angiography
US5267954A (en) 1991-01-11 1993-12-07 Baxter International Inc. Ultra-sound catheter for removing obstructions from tubular anatomical structures such as blood vessels
US5301001A (en) 1992-02-12 1994-04-05 Center For Innovative Technology Extrinsic fiber optic displacement sensors and displacement sensing systems
US5312425A (en) 1989-09-12 1994-05-17 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Atherectomy device having helical blade and blade guide
US5313957A (en) 1990-01-05 1994-05-24 Medamicus, Inc. Guide wire mounted pressure transducer
US5319492A (en) 1991-05-23 1994-06-07 Alcatel N.V. Optical switch
US5321501A (en) 1991-04-29 1994-06-14 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for optical imaging with means for controlling the longitudinal range of the sample
US5325198A (en) 1993-03-31 1994-06-28 General Electric Company Unitary transform methods of identifying defects in imaging devices
US5336178A (en) 1992-11-02 1994-08-09 Localmed, Inc. Intravascular catheter with infusion array
US5348017A (en) 1993-01-19 1994-09-20 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Drive shaft for an intravascular catheter system
US5348481A (en) 1993-09-29 1994-09-20 Cardiometrics, Inc. Rotary connector for use with small diameter flexible elongate member having electrical capabilities
US5353798A (en) 1991-03-13 1994-10-11 Scimed Life Systems, Incorporated Intravascular imaging apparatus and methods for use and manufacture
US5358409A (en) 1993-08-31 1994-10-25 Cardiometrics, Inc. Rotary connector for flexible elongate member having electrical properties
US5358478A (en) 1990-02-02 1994-10-25 Ep Technologies, Inc. Catheter steering assembly providing asymmetric left and right curve configurations
US5368037A (en) 1993-02-01 1994-11-29 Endosonics Corporation Ultrasound catheter
US5373845A (en) 1992-05-22 1994-12-20 Echo Cath, Ltd. Apparatus and method for forward looking volume imaging
US5373849A (en) 1993-01-19 1994-12-20 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Forward viewing imaging catheter
US5377682A (en) 1991-09-05 1995-01-03 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Ultrasonic probe for transmission and reception of ultrasonic wave and ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus including ultrasonic probe
US5383853A (en) 1992-11-12 1995-01-24 Medtronic, Inc. Rapid exchange catheter
GB2280261A (en) 1993-06-30 1995-01-25 Ando Electric Optical wavemeter
US5387193A (en) 1994-02-09 1995-02-07 Baxter International Inc. Balloon dilation catheter with hypotube
US5396328A (en) 1990-02-09 1995-03-07 Dr. Johannes Heidenhain Gmbh Waveguide type displacement interferometer having two reference paths
US5397355A (en) 1994-07-19 1995-03-14 Stentco, Inc. Intraluminal stent
US5405377A (en) 1992-02-21 1995-04-11 Endotech Ltd. Intraluminal stent
US5411016A (en) 1994-02-22 1995-05-02 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular balloon catheter for use in combination with an angioscope
US5419777A (en) 1994-03-10 1995-05-30 Bavaria Medizin Technologie Gmbh Catheter for injecting a fluid or medicine
US5421338A (en) 1988-03-21 1995-06-06 Boston Scientific Corporation Acoustic imaging catheter and the like
US5423806A (en) 1993-10-01 1995-06-13 Medtronic, Inc. Laser extractor for an implanted object
US5427118A (en) 1993-10-04 1995-06-27 Baxter International Inc. Ultrasonic guidewire
US5431673A (en) 1989-02-17 1995-07-11 American Biomed, Inc. Distal atherectomy catheter
US5436759A (en) 1994-06-14 1995-07-25 The Regents Of The University Of California Cross-talk free, low-noise optical amplifier
US5439139A (en) 1994-01-31 1995-08-08 Lanard Toys Limited Toy water gun
US5443457A (en) 1994-02-24 1995-08-22 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Incorporated Tracking tip for a short lumen rapid exchange catheter
US5453575A (en) 1993-02-01 1995-09-26 Endosonics Corporation Apparatus and method for detecting blood flow in intravascular ultrasonic imaging
US5456693A (en) 1992-09-21 1995-10-10 Vitaphore Corporation Embolization plugs for blood vessels
US5480388A (en) 1991-09-13 1996-01-02 Zadini; Filiberto P. Semi-automatic cannulation device
US5485845A (en) 1995-05-04 1996-01-23 Hewlett Packard Company Rotary encoder for intravascular ultrasound catheter
US5492125A (en) 1995-02-10 1996-02-20 University Of Washington Ultrasound signal processing apparatus
US5496997A (en) 1994-01-03 1996-03-05 Pope; Edward J. A. Sensor incorporating an optical fiber and a solid porous inorganic microsphere
US5507761A (en) 1994-10-11 1996-04-16 Duer; Edward Y. Embolic cutting catheter
US5512044A (en) 1994-10-11 1996-04-30 Duer; Edward Y. Embolic cutting catheter
US5514128A (en) 1992-08-18 1996-05-07 Spectranetics Corporation Fiber optic guide wire and support catheter therefor
US5529674A (en) 1990-07-10 1996-06-25 Telic Technologies Corporation Cylindrical hollow cathode/magnetron sputtering system and components thereof
US5541730A (en) 1993-10-05 1996-07-30 Renishaw Plc Interferometric measuring apparatus for making absolute measurements of distance or refractive index
US5546948A (en) 1990-08-21 1996-08-20 Boston Scientific Corporation Ultrasound imaging guidewire
US5546717A (en) 1994-04-20 1996-08-20 Walker Systems, Inc. Access floor trench raceway
US5565332A (en) 1991-09-23 1996-10-15 Medical Research Council Production of chimeric antibodies - a combinatorial approach
US5573520A (en) 1991-09-05 1996-11-12 Mayo Foundation For Medical Education And Research Flexible tubular device for use in medical applications
US5581638A (en) 1993-07-26 1996-12-03 E-Systems, Inc. Method for autonomous image registration
US5586054A (en) 1994-07-08 1996-12-17 Fluke Corporation time-domain reflectometer for testing coaxial cables
US5592939A (en) 1995-06-14 1997-01-14 Martinelli; Michael A. Method and system for navigating a catheter probe
US5596079A (en) 1991-12-16 1997-01-21 Smith; James R. Mimetics of senescent cell derived inhibitors of DNA synthesis
US5598844A (en) 1995-08-03 1997-02-04 Cordis Corporation Device for flushing a guidewire receiving lumen of a monorail or rapid exchange catheter
US5609606A (en) 1993-02-05 1997-03-11 Joe W. & Dorothy Dorsett Brown Foundation Ultrasonic angioplasty balloon catheter
US5630806A (en) 1991-08-13 1997-05-20 Hudson International Conductors Spiral wrapped medical tubing
US5651366A (en) 1994-09-19 1997-07-29 Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Forward viewing ultrasonic imaging catheter
US5660180A (en) 1990-07-13 1997-08-26 Coraje, Inc. Intravascular ultrasound imaging guidewire
US5667499A (en) 1994-10-04 1997-09-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Guide catheter unibody
US5672877A (en) 1996-03-27 1997-09-30 Adac Laboratories Coregistration of multi-modality data in a medical imaging system
US5674232A (en) 1990-06-05 1997-10-07 Halliburton; Alexander George Catheter and method of use thereof
US5693015A (en) 1991-04-24 1997-12-02 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Exchangeable integrated-wire balloon catheter
US5713848A (en) 1993-05-19 1998-02-03 Dubrul; Will R. Vibrating catheter
US5745634A (en) 1996-07-24 1998-04-28 Jds Fitel Inc. Voltage controlled attenuator
US5771895A (en) 1996-02-12 1998-06-30 Slager; Cornelis J. Catheter for obtaining three-dimensional reconstruction of a vascular lumen and wall
US5780958A (en) 1995-11-03 1998-07-14 Aura Systems, Inc. Piezoelectric vibrating device
US5779731A (en) 1996-12-20 1998-07-14 Cordis Corporation Balloon catheter having dual markers and method
US5798521A (en) 1996-02-27 1998-08-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Apparatus and method for measuring strain in bragg gratings
US5800450A (en) 1996-10-03 1998-09-01 Interventional Technologies Inc. Neovascularization catheter
US5803083A (en) 1995-11-09 1998-09-08 Cordis Corporation Guiding catheter with ultrasound imaging capability
WO1998038907A1 (en) 1997-03-06 1998-09-11 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Instrument for optically scanning of living tissue
US5814061A (en) 1996-01-18 1998-09-29 Cook Incorporated Rapid exchange stent delivery balloon catheter
US5817025A (en) 1996-09-30 1998-10-06 Alekseev; Sergei Grigorevich Method for diagnosing malignancy diseases
US5820594A (en) 1994-01-31 1998-10-13 Cordis Corporation Balloon catheter
US5824520A (en) 1995-05-09 1998-10-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health And Human Services Phage-display of immunoglobulin heavy chain libraries for identification of inhibitors of intracellular constituents
US5827313A (en) 1996-09-27 1998-10-27 Boston Scientific Corporation Device for controlled longitudinal movement of an operative element within a catheter sheath and method
US5830222A (en) 1995-10-13 1998-11-03 Transvascular, Inc. Device, system and method for intersititial transvascular intervention
US5848121A (en) 1996-10-28 1998-12-08 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for digital subtraction angiography
US5851464A (en) 1996-05-13 1998-12-22 Cordis Corporation Method of making a fuseless soft tip catheter
WO1998057583A1 (en) 1997-06-17 1998-12-23 Acuson Corporation Method and apparatus for frequency control of an ultrasound system
US5857974A (en) 1997-01-08 1999-01-12 Endosonics Corporation High resolution intravascular ultrasound transducer assembly having a flexible substrate
US5872829A (en) 1996-04-19 1999-02-16 U.S. Philips Corporation Method for the detection and correction of image distortions in medical imaging
US5873835A (en) 1993-04-29 1999-02-23 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular pressure and flow sensor
US5882722A (en) 1995-07-12 1999-03-16 Partnerships Limited, Inc. Electrical conductors formed from mixtures of metal powders and metallo-organic decompositions compounds
US5912764A (en) 1996-09-18 1999-06-15 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope optical system and image pickup apparatus
US5916194A (en) 1996-05-24 1999-06-29 Sarcos, Inc. Catheter/guide wire steering apparatus and method
US5921931A (en) 1997-04-08 1999-07-13 Endosonics Corporation Method and apparatus for creating a color blood flow image based upon ultrasonic echo signals received by an intravascular ultrasound imaging probe
US5925055A (en) 1997-06-23 1999-07-20 Medelex, Inc Multimodal rotary abrasion and acoustic ablation catheter
US5949929A (en) 1996-11-25 1999-09-07 Boston Scientific Corporation Rotatably connecting optical fibers
US5951586A (en) 1996-05-15 1999-09-14 Medtronic, Inc. Intraluminal stent
US5974521A (en) 1993-12-12 1999-10-26 Neomagic Israel Ltd. Apparatus and method for signal processing
US5978391A (en) 1997-07-18 1999-11-02 Cymer, Inc. Wavelength reference for excimer laser
US5976120A (en) 1997-05-05 1999-11-02 Micro Therapeutics, Inc. Single segment microcatheter
US5997523A (en) 1990-12-17 1999-12-07 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Vascular catheter having low-profile distal end
US6021240A (en) 1997-10-02 2000-02-01 F&S, Inc. Optical sensor activation device
US6022319A (en) 1991-05-23 2000-02-08 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular device such as introducer sheath or balloon catheter or the like and methods for use thereof
US6031071A (en) 1996-01-24 2000-02-29 Biophage, Inc. Methods of generating novel peptides
WO2000011511A1 (en) 1998-08-19 2000-03-02 Boston Scientific Limited Optical scanning and imaging system and method
US6043883A (en) 1997-05-02 2000-03-28 Hewlet-Packard Company Wavemeter and an arrangement for the adjustment of the wavelength of the signals of an optical source
US6050949A (en) 1997-09-22 2000-04-18 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheher system having connectable distal and proximal portions
US6059738A (en) 1995-06-30 2000-05-09 Meadox Medicals, Inc. Guidewire having a coated tip
US6074362A (en) 1995-11-13 2000-06-13 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Catheter system having imaging, balloon angioplasty, and stent deployment capabilities, and methods of use for guided stent deployment
US6078831A (en) 1997-09-29 2000-06-20 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular imaging guidewire
US6080109A (en) 1997-12-09 2000-06-27 Endosonics Corporation Modular imaging/treatment catheter assembly
US6091496A (en) 1997-01-28 2000-07-18 Zetetic Institute Multiple layer, multiple track optical disk access by confocal interference microscopy using wavenumber domain reflectometry and background amplitude reduction and compensation
US6094591A (en) 1998-04-10 2000-07-25 Sunnybrook Health Science Centre Measurement of coronary flow reserve with MR oximetry
US6095976A (en) 1997-06-19 2000-08-01 Medinol Ltd. Method for enhancing an image derived from reflected ultrasound signals produced by an ultrasound transmitter and detector inserted in a bodily lumen
US6097755A (en) 1997-10-20 2000-08-01 Tektronix, Inc. Time domain reflectometer having optimal interrogating pulses
WO2000044296A1 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-08-03 Luis Navarro Endovascular laser device and treatment of varicose veins
US6099471A (en) 1997-10-07 2000-08-08 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for real-time calculation and display of strain in ultrasound imaging
US6099549A (en) 1998-07-03 2000-08-08 Cordis Corporation Vascular filter for controlled release
US6102938A (en) 1997-06-17 2000-08-15 Medtronic Inc. Endoluminal prosthetic bifurcation shunt
US6106476A (en) 1994-09-02 2000-08-22 Endosonics Corporation Ultra miniature pressure sensor and guide wire using the same and method
US6120445A (en) 1998-10-02 2000-09-19 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for adaptive cross-sectional area computation of IVUS objects using their statistical signatures
JP2000262461A (en) 1999-02-04 2000-09-26 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Optical imaging device
EP1041373A2 (en) 1999-03-30 2000-10-04 Ando Electric Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for calibrating an optical spectrum analyzer
US6134003A (en) 1991-04-29 2000-10-17 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for performing optical measurements using a fiber optic imaging guidewire, catheter or endoscope
JP2000292260A (en) 1999-03-31 2000-10-20 Ando Electric Co Ltd Wavelength tracking system for optical spectrum analyzer and wavelength-variable light source
US6141089A (en) 1997-01-16 2000-10-31 Hewlett-Packard Company Optical time domain reflectometer for measurements in optical networks with currently applied traffic signals
US6139510A (en) 1994-05-11 2000-10-31 Target Therapeutics Inc. Super elastic alloy guidewire
US6148095A (en) 1997-09-08 2000-11-14 University Of Iowa Research Foundation Apparatus and method for determining three-dimensional representations of tortuous vessels
US6146328A (en) 1999-02-23 2000-11-14 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for ultrasonic beamforming using golay-coded excitation
US6151433A (en) 1998-02-03 2000-11-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical fiber connector using photocurable adhesive
US6152877A (en) 1998-12-16 2000-11-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multimode video controller for ultrasound and X-ray video exchange system
US6176842B1 (en) 1995-03-08 2001-01-23 Ekos Corporation Ultrasound assembly for use with light activated drugs
US6179809B1 (en) 1997-09-24 2001-01-30 Eclipse Surgical Technologies, Inc. Drug delivery catheter with tip alignment
US6186949B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-02-13 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for three-dimensional flow imaging using coded excitation
WO2001011409A2 (en) 1999-08-09 2001-02-15 Lightlab Imaging, Llc. Ultra-small optical fiber probes and imaging optics
US6190353B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2001-02-20 Transvascular, Inc. Methods and apparatus for bypassing arterial obstructions and/or performing other transvascular procedures
US6200268B1 (en) 1999-09-10 2001-03-13 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Vascular plaque characterization
US6200266B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-03-13 Case Western Reserve University Method and apparatus for ultrasound imaging using acoustic impedance reconstruction
US6203537B1 (en) 1999-02-04 2001-03-20 Sorin Adrian Laser-driven acoustic ablation catheter
US6208415B1 (en) 1997-06-12 2001-03-27 The Regents Of The University Of California Birefringence imaging in biological tissue using polarization sensitive optical coherent tomography
US6210339B1 (en) 1999-03-03 2001-04-03 Endosonics Corporation Flexible elongate member having one or more electrical contacts
US6212308B1 (en) 1998-08-03 2001-04-03 Agilent Technologies Inc. Thermal optical switches for light
US6210332B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-04-03 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for flow imaging using coded excitation
JP2001125009A (en) 1999-10-28 2001-05-11 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US6231518B1 (en) 1998-05-26 2001-05-15 Comedicus Incorporated Intrapericardial electrophysiological procedures
US6245066B1 (en) 1996-05-11 2001-06-12 C. R. Bard, Inc. Ablation catheter
US6249076B1 (en) 1998-04-14 2001-06-19 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Conducting polymer actuator
US6254543B1 (en) 1998-10-02 2001-07-03 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Adaptive cancellation of ring-down artifact in IVUS imaging
US6256090B1 (en) 1997-07-31 2001-07-03 University Of Maryland Method and apparatus for determining the shape of a flexible body
US6258052B1 (en) 1997-11-13 2001-07-10 Lumend, Inc. Guidewire and catheter with rotating and reciprocating symmetrical or asymmetrical distal tip
US20010007940A1 (en) 1999-06-21 2001-07-12 Hosheng Tu Medical device having ultrasound imaging and therapeutic means
US6261246B1 (en) 1997-09-29 2001-07-17 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular imaging guidewire
US6275628B1 (en) 1998-12-10 2001-08-14 Luna Innovations, Inc. Single-ended long period grating optical device
US6283921B1 (en) 1996-07-11 2001-09-04 Intravascular Research Limited Ultrasonic visualization and catheters therefor
US6283951B1 (en) 1996-10-11 2001-09-04 Transvascular, Inc. Systems and methods for delivering drugs to selected locations within the body
US6295308B1 (en) 1999-08-31 2001-09-25 Corning Incorporated Wavelength-locked external cavity lasers with an integrated modulator
JP2001272331A (en) 2000-03-24 2001-10-05 Japan Science & Technology Corp Spatial delay type fizeau interferometer
US6299622B1 (en) 1999-08-19 2001-10-09 Fox Hollow Technologies, Inc. Atherectomy catheter with aligned imager
US20010037073A1 (en) 1998-09-08 2001-11-01 David White System and method for intraluminal imaging
US6312384B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-11-06 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for flow imaging using golay codes
US20010046345A1 (en) 2000-02-01 2001-11-29 Snyder James J. Single channel M x N optical fiber switch
US6325797B1 (en) 1999-04-05 2001-12-04 Medtronic, Inc. Ablation catheter and method for isolating a pulmonary vein
US20010049548A1 (en) 1999-06-04 2001-12-06 Gil Vardi Bifurcation lesion stent delivery using multiple guidewires
US6328696B1 (en) 2000-06-15 2001-12-11 Atl Ultrasound, Inc. Bias charge regulator for capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers
EP1172637A1 (en) 2001-04-12 2002-01-16 Agilent Technologies, Inc. (a Delaware corporation) Device for calibrating a wavelength measuring unit
US6343168B1 (en) 1997-10-02 2002-01-29 Luna Innovations, Inc. Optical sensor arrangement
US6343178B1 (en) 2000-11-07 2002-01-29 Integrated Micromachines, Inc. Micromachined voltage controlled optical attenuator
US6350240B1 (en) 2000-02-01 2002-02-26 Medison Co., Ltd Ultrasound imaging method and apparatus based on pulse compression technique using modified golay codes
US20020034276A1 (en) 1999-05-07 2002-03-21 Hui Hu Volumetric computed tomography system for cardiac imaging
US6366722B1 (en) 1999-03-04 2002-04-02 Luna Innovations, Inc. Optical waveguide sensors having high refractive index sensitivity
US6367984B1 (en) 1999-11-10 2002-04-09 Lucent Technologies, Inc. Optical fiber adapter
US20020041723A1 (en) 2000-09-07 2002-04-11 Erlend Ronnekleiv Multi-parameter fiber optic probes
US6373970B1 (en) 1998-12-29 2002-04-16 General Electric Company Image registration using fourier phase matching
US6375615B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2002-04-23 Transvascular, Inc. Tissue penetrating catheters having integral imaging transducers and their methods of use
US6375618B1 (en) 2000-01-31 2002-04-23 General Electric Company Enhanced tissue-generated harmonic imaging using coded excitation
US6375628B1 (en) 1997-03-06 2002-04-23 Medtronic Percusurge, Inc. Hollow medical wires and methods of constructing same
US6376830B1 (en) 1999-09-14 2002-04-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration System and method for measuring the transfer function of a guided wave device
US6381350B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2002-04-30 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Intravascular ultrasonic analysis using active contour method and system
US6379352B1 (en) 1992-09-29 2002-04-30 Ep Technologies, Inc. Large surface cardiac ablation catherter that assumes a low profile during introduction into the heart
US6387124B1 (en) 1991-10-04 2002-05-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Biodegradable drug delivery vascular stent
US6396976B1 (en) 1999-04-15 2002-05-28 Solus Micro Technologies, Inc. 2D optical switch
US6398792B1 (en) 1999-06-21 2002-06-04 O'connor Lawrence Angioplasty catheter with transducer using balloon for focusing of ultrasonic energy and method for use
US20020069676A1 (en) 2000-12-12 2002-06-13 Kopp Victor Il?Apos;Ich Apparatus and method of manufacturing chiral fiber bragg gratings
US6417948B1 (en) 1999-12-24 2002-07-09 Corning Incorporated Variable delay device for an optical component such as a polarization mode dispersion compensator
US20020089335A1 (en) 2001-01-11 2002-07-11 Williams Emrys J. Integrated time domain reflectometry (TDR) tester
US6419644B1 (en) 1998-09-08 2002-07-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. System and method for intraluminal imaging
US6421164B2 (en) 1991-04-29 2002-07-16 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Interferometeric imaging with a grating based phase control optical delay line
US6423012B1 (en) 1999-07-21 2002-07-23 Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd. Medical guide wire
US6426796B1 (en) 1998-09-28 2002-07-30 Luna Innovations, Inc. Fiber optic wall shear stress sensor
US6428498B2 (en) 1998-04-14 2002-08-06 Renan Uflacker Suction catheter for rapidly debriding abscesses
US6428041B1 (en) 1999-05-21 2002-08-06 Volkswagen Ag Airbag system for a motor vehicle
US6429421B1 (en) 2000-01-21 2002-08-06 Luna Innovations, Inc. Flexible fiber optic microbend device, with interlocking flexible fibers, sensors, and method use
US6440077B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2002-08-27 Matthew T. Jung Apparatus and method for the intravascular ultrasound-guided placement of a vena cava filter
US6450964B1 (en) 2000-09-05 2002-09-17 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Imaging apparatus and method
US6459844B1 (en) 1998-10-30 2002-10-01 Jds Uniphase Corporation Tunable fiber optic filter
US6457365B1 (en) 2000-02-09 2002-10-01 Endosonics Corporation Method and apparatus for ultrasonic imaging
US6468290B1 (en) 2000-06-05 2002-10-22 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Two-planar vena cava filter with self-centering capabilities
US6475149B1 (en) 2001-09-21 2002-11-05 Acuson Corporation Border detection method and system
US20020163646A1 (en) 2001-01-30 2002-11-07 Anderson Duwayne R. Swept wavelength meter
US6480285B1 (en) 1997-01-28 2002-11-12 Zetetic Institute Multiple layer confocal interference microscopy using wavenumber domain reflectometry and background amplitude reduction and compensation
US6491631B2 (en) 2001-01-11 2002-12-10 General Electric Company Harmonic golay-coded excitation with differential pulsing for diagnostic ultrasound imaging
US6491636B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2002-12-10 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Automated border detection in ultrasonic diagnostic images
US20020186818A1 (en) 2000-08-29 2002-12-12 Osteonet, Inc. System and method for building and manipulating a centralized measurement value database
US20020197456A1 (en) 1993-06-30 2002-12-26 Pope Edward J. A. Integrated electro-luminescent biochip
JP2002374034A (en) 2001-06-14 2002-12-26 Ando Electric Co Ltd Variable wavelength light source device
US20020196446A1 (en) 2001-01-22 2002-12-26 Roth Jonathan E. Method and apparatus for polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
US6501551B1 (en) 1991-04-29 2002-12-31 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Fiber optic imaging endoscope interferometer with at least one faraday rotator
US6504286B1 (en) 1997-12-30 2003-01-07 Remon Medical Technologies Ltd. Piezoelectric transducer
US6508824B1 (en) 2000-02-18 2003-01-21 Transvascular, Inc. Catheter-based methods for enlarging blood vessels to facilitate the formation of penetration tracts, fistulas and/or blood flow channels
US20030016604A1 (en) 2001-07-20 2003-01-23 Hanes David H. System and method for detecting the border of recorded video data
US20030023153A1 (en) 1997-06-02 2003-01-30 Joseph A. Izatt Doppler flow imaging using optical coherence tomography
US6514237B1 (en) 2000-11-06 2003-02-04 Cordis Corporation Controllable intralumen medical device
US20030032886A1 (en) 1999-03-09 2003-02-13 Elhanan Dgany System for determining coronary flow reserve (CFR) value for a stenosed blood vessel, CFR processor therefor, and method therefor
US6520269B2 (en) 2000-05-23 2003-02-18 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Hand-held tool with electromagnetic hammer mechanism
US6520677B2 (en) 2000-01-07 2003-02-18 Ge Medical Systems Global Technology Company, Llc Angiography/CT method and apparatus
US20030050871A1 (en) 2001-02-05 2003-03-13 Quickpen International Corp. System and method for tracking and managing construction projects
US6535764B2 (en) 2001-05-01 2003-03-18 Intrapace, Inc. Gastric treatment and diagnosis device and method
US6538778B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2003-03-25 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Optical component tester
US20030065371A1 (en) 2001-09-28 2003-04-03 Shutaro Satake Radiofrequency thermal balloon catheter
US6545760B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-04-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Apparatus and method for measuring strain in optical fibers using rayleigh scatter
US6546272B1 (en) 1999-06-24 2003-04-08 Mackinnon Nicholas B. Apparatus for in vivo imaging of the respiratory tract and other internal organs
US6544230B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2003-04-08 Transvascular, Inc. Catheters, systems and methods for percutaneous in situ arterio-venous bypass
US6544217B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2003-04-08 Micro Therapeutics, Inc. Guidewire-occluded balloon catheter
US20030069723A1 (en) 2001-07-03 2003-04-10 Datacube, Inc. System to integrate FPGA functions into a pipeline processing environment
US6551250B2 (en) 2001-03-29 2003-04-22 Hassan Khalil Transit time thermodilution guidewire system for measuring coronary flow velocity
US20030077043A1 (en) 2001-10-24 2003-04-24 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Optical catheter connector
US20030085635A1 (en) 2000-11-15 2003-05-08 Richard Davidsen Multidimensional ultrasonic transducer arrays
US20030093059A1 (en) 2001-11-09 2003-05-15 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular microcatheter having hypotube proximal shaft with transition
US20030090753A1 (en) 2001-07-24 2003-05-15 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Optical system and device using the same
US20030092995A1 (en) 2001-11-13 2003-05-15 Medtronic, Inc. System and method of positioning implantable medical devices
JP2003143783A (en) 2001-10-31 2003-05-16 Mitsumi Electric Co Ltd Small-sized motor
US6566648B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-05-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States National Aeronautics And Space Administration Edge triggered apparatus and method for measuring strain in bragg gratings
US6570894B2 (en) 2001-01-30 2003-05-27 Tektronix, Inc. Real-time wavelength calibration for swept lasers
US20030103212A1 (en) 2001-08-03 2003-06-05 Volker Westphal Real-time imaging system and method
US6579311B1 (en) 1996-02-02 2003-06-17 Transvascular, Inc. Method for interstitial transvascular intervention
JP2003172690A (en) 2001-12-07 2003-06-20 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Optical imaging device
US6584335B1 (en) 1997-08-09 2003-06-24 Roche Diagnostics Gmbh Analytical device for in vivo analysis in the body of a patient
US6592612B1 (en) 2000-05-04 2003-07-15 Cardeon Corporation Method and apparatus for providing heat exchange within a catheter body
US6594448B2 (en) 2001-02-24 2003-07-15 Eyesee360, Inc. Radially-oriented planar surfaces for flare reduction in panoramic cameras
WO2003062802A2 (en) 2002-01-24 2003-07-31 The General Hospital Corporation Apparatus and method for rangings and noise reduction of low coherence interferometry lci and optical coherence tomography (oct) signals by parallel detection of spectral bands
US6602241B2 (en) 2001-01-17 2003-08-05 Transvascular, Inc. Methods and apparatus for acute or chronic delivery of substances or apparatus to extravascular treatment sites
US20030152259A1 (en) 2002-02-08 2003-08-14 Belykh Igor N. Method for antiscatter stationary grid artifacts detection and attenuation in digital radiographic images
US6611720B2 (en) 1999-08-12 2003-08-26 Irvine Biomedical Inc. High torque catheter possessing multi-directional deflectability and methods thereof
US6611322B1 (en) 1999-09-06 2003-08-26 Anritsu Corporation Optical time domain reflectometer which measures an optical fiber with different wavelengths according to an order and collectively displays waveform data and a list of events for each waveform in the same screen
US6612992B1 (en) 2000-03-02 2003-09-02 Acuson Corp Medical diagnostic ultrasound catheter and method for position determination
US6615062B2 (en) 2001-05-31 2003-09-02 Infraredx, Inc. Referencing optical catheters
JP2003256876A (en) 2002-03-04 2003-09-12 Sony Corp Device and method for displaying composite sense of reality, recording medium and computer program
WO2003073950A1 (en) 2002-03-05 2003-09-12 Fogazzi Di Venturelli Andrea & C. S.N.C. Optical fibre catheter for thermal ablation
US6621562B2 (en) 2001-09-26 2003-09-16 Tempo Research Corporation Time domain reflectometer with wideband dual balanced duplexer line coupling circuit
US20030181802A1 (en) 2002-03-19 2003-09-25 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Ultrasonic receiving apparatus and ultrasonic imaging apparatus
US20030187369A1 (en) 2002-03-28 2003-10-02 Lewis Stephen B. Optical pullback sensor for measuring linear displacement of a catheter or other elongate member
US6631284B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2003-10-07 Cti Pet Systems, Inc. Combined PET and X-ray CT tomograph
JP2003287534A (en) 2002-03-28 2003-10-10 Fuji Photo Film Co Ltd Unit and apparatus for testing humor
US20030194165A1 (en) 2002-04-12 2003-10-16 Yaron Silberberg Tunable optical filter
US20030195419A1 (en) 2002-04-11 2003-10-16 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha. Ultrasonic probe
US6638227B2 (en) 2001-04-25 2003-10-28 Medison Co., Ltd Ultrasound imaging method and apparatus using orthogonal Golay codes
US20030208116A1 (en) 2000-06-06 2003-11-06 Zhengrong Liang Computer aided treatment planning and visualization with image registration and fusion
US6646745B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2003-11-11 Triquint Technology Holding Co. Method and apparatus for locking the transmission wavelength in optical communication laser packages
US6645152B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2003-11-11 Matthew T. Jung Apparatus for the intravascular ultrasound-guided placement of a vena cava filter
US20030212491A1 (en) 2002-05-10 2003-11-13 Mitchell J. Ross Distributed vector processing of the S transform for medical applications
US20030219202A1 (en) 2002-05-21 2003-11-27 Loeb Marvin P. Laser channeling devices
US20030220749A1 (en) 2002-04-09 2003-11-27 Zhongping Chen Phase-resolved functional optical coherence tomography: simultaneous imaging of the stokes vectors, structure, blood flow velocity, standard deviation and birefringence in biological samples
US6659957B1 (en) 1998-03-05 2003-12-09 Gil M. Vardi Optical-acoustic imaging device
US20030228039A1 (en) 1992-01-21 2003-12-11 Sri International, Inc. Method and apparatus for transforming coordinate systems in a telemanipulation system
US6665456B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2003-12-16 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Method and apparatus for differential phase optical coherence tomography
US6663565B2 (en) 2001-07-03 2003-12-16 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Ultrasound diagnostic apparatus
US6671055B1 (en) 2000-04-13 2003-12-30 Luna Innovations, Inc. Interferometric sensors utilizing bulk sensing mediums extrinsic to the input/output optical fiber
US6669716B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2003-12-30 Salviac Limited Delivery catheter
US6673064B1 (en) 2000-01-04 2004-01-06 Peter Rentrop Excimer laser catheter
US6673015B1 (en) 1999-01-06 2004-01-06 Richard Peter Glover Arrangement of IVUS system components including remote and adjacent components
US20040015065A1 (en) 1999-01-06 2004-01-22 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multi-functional medical catheter and methods of use
US20040023317A1 (en) 2002-03-29 2004-02-05 Board Of Regents Of The University Of Texas System Implantable biosensor from stratified nanostructured membranes
WO2004010856A1 (en) 2002-07-25 2004-02-05 Lightlab Imaging, Llc. Scanning miniature optical probes with optical distortion correction and rotational control
US6689144B2 (en) 2002-02-08 2004-02-10 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Rapid exchange catheter and methods for delivery of vaso-occlusive devices
US6689056B1 (en) 1999-04-07 2004-02-10 Medtronic Endonetics, Inc. Implantable monitoring probe
US20040028333A1 (en) 2000-08-18 2004-02-12 Martin Lomas Tunable optical filter
US6696173B1 (en) 1997-07-22 2004-02-24 Lpkf Laser & Electronics Ag Conducting path structures situated on a non-conductive support material, especially fine conducting path structures and method for producing same
US20040037742A1 (en) 2002-06-14 2004-02-26 Cheng-Kuei Jen Ultrasonic apparatus and methods for the monitoring of melting, mixing and chemical reaction processes
US6701044B2 (en) 2001-08-10 2004-03-02 Lightwave Electronics Solid state laser generating UV radiation for writing fiber bragg gratings
US6701176B1 (en) 1998-11-04 2004-03-02 Johns Hopkins University School Of Medicine Magnetic-resonance-guided imaging, electrophysiology, and ablation
US20040042066A1 (en) 2000-02-23 2004-03-04 Fujitsu Limited Optical amplification method and device usable with bands other than the C-band
US20040054287A1 (en) 2002-08-29 2004-03-18 Stephens Douglas Neil Ultrasonic imaging devices and methods of fabrication
US6709444B1 (en) 1996-02-02 2004-03-23 Transvascular, Inc. Methods for bypassing total or near-total obstructions in arteries or other anatomical conduits
WO2004023992A1 (en) 2002-09-11 2004-03-25 University Of Maryland, Baltimore Optical coherence tomography probe
US6712836B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2004-03-30 St. Jude Medical Atg, Inc. Apparatus and methods for closing septal defects and occluding blood flow
US6714703B2 (en) 2001-11-21 2004-03-30 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Optical collimator and method for making same
US20040068161A1 (en) 2002-10-02 2004-04-08 Couvillon Lucien Alfred Thrombolysis catheter
US20040067000A1 (en) 2002-10-07 2004-04-08 Bates Kenneth N. Systems and methods for minimally-invasive optical-acoustic imaging
US6719717B1 (en) 2000-03-17 2004-04-13 Advanced Research & Technology Institute, Inc. Thrombectomy treatment system and method
US6725073B1 (en) 1999-08-17 2004-04-20 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Methods for noninvasive analyte sensing
US6726677B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2004-04-27 Transvascular, Inc. Stabilized tissue penetrating catheters
US6730107B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2004-05-04 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Single lumen rapid-exchange catheter
US6733474B2 (en) 1996-10-10 2004-05-11 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter for tissue dilatation and drug delivery
US20040092830A1 (en) 2002-08-05 2004-05-13 Scott Robert W. Catheter and method for diagnosis and treatment of diseased vessels
US6738144B1 (en) 1999-12-17 2004-05-18 University Of Central Florida Non-invasive method and low-coherence apparatus system analysis and process control
US6740113B2 (en) 1998-05-29 2004-05-25 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Balloon expandable stent with a self-expanding portion
US20040106853A1 (en) 2002-10-25 2004-06-03 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope
US20040111552A1 (en) 2002-12-05 2004-06-10 International Business Machines Corporation Cross partition sharing of state information
US20040126048A1 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-07-01 Dave Digant P. Fiber-based optical low coherence tomography
US20040143160A1 (en) 2002-06-21 2004-07-22 Couvillon Lucien Alfred Universal, programmable guide catheter
US20040146546A1 (en) 2002-09-26 2004-07-29 Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Perivascular wraps
US6795188B2 (en) 2000-08-16 2004-09-21 Agilent Technologies, Inc. High-accuracy wavemeter
US6795196B2 (en) 2001-02-15 2004-09-21 Ando Electric Co., Ltd. Wavelength measurement apparatus
US20040186369A1 (en) 2003-03-21 2004-09-23 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Scan conversion of medical imaging data
US20040186558A1 (en) 2001-02-05 2004-09-23 Cook Incorporated Implantable vascular device
US20040195512A1 (en) 2000-05-16 2004-10-07 Crosetto Dario B. Method and apparatus for anatomical and functional medical imaging
US20040220606A1 (en) 2003-04-30 2004-11-04 Goshgarian Justin G. Dual guide-wire medical device and method
US20040225220A1 (en) 2003-05-06 2004-11-11 Rich Collin A. Ultrasound system including a handheld probe
WO2004096049A2 (en) 2003-04-28 2004-11-11 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Catheter imaging probe and method
US6822798B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2004-11-23 Optron Systems, Inc. Tunable optical filter
US20040242990A1 (en) 2003-04-22 2004-12-02 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Device, system, and method for detecting vulnerable plaque in a blood vessel
US20040239938A1 (en) 2003-05-28 2004-12-02 Duke University System for fourier domain optical coherence tomography
US20040248439A1 (en) 2003-06-05 2004-12-09 Angelika Gernhardt Electrical contacting method
US6830559B2 (en) 2001-01-17 2004-12-14 Datascope Investment Corp. Intra-aortic balloon catheter having a collapsible variable diameter inner tube
US6832024B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2004-12-14 David C. Gerstenberger Method and apparatus for fiber bragg grating production
US20040260236A1 (en) 2002-01-07 2004-12-23 Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. Guide catheter steering using pre-shaped rotatable shaft
US6842639B1 (en) 1997-10-03 2005-01-11 Intraluminal Therapeutics, Inc. Method and apparatus for determining neovascular flow through tissue in a vessel
US20050013778A1 (en) 2001-04-03 2005-01-20 Theseus Imaging Corporation Methods and compositions for predicting the response to a therapeutic regimen in a subject having a disease associated with cell death
US6847449B2 (en) 2002-11-27 2005-01-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Method and apparatus for reducing speckle in optical coherence tomography images
US20050031176A1 (en) 2003-08-08 2005-02-10 Hertel Sarah R. Method and apparatus of multi-modality image fusion
US6856138B2 (en) 2002-07-23 2005-02-15 Fluke Corporation Time-domain reflectometer for testing terminated network cable
US6856400B1 (en) 2000-12-14 2005-02-15 Luna Technologies Apparatus and method for the complete characterization of optical devices including loss, birefringence and dispersion effects
US6855115B2 (en) 2002-01-22 2005-02-15 Cardiomems, Inc. Implantable wireless sensor for pressure measurement within the heart
US6856472B2 (en) 2001-02-24 2005-02-15 Eyesee360, Inc. Panoramic mirror and system for producing enhanced panoramic images
US20050036150A1 (en) 2003-01-24 2005-02-17 Duke University Method for optical coherence tomography imaging with molecular contrast
US6860867B2 (en) 2001-09-20 2005-03-01 The Regents Of The University Of California Method of interventional surgery
US6866670B2 (en) 1999-10-05 2005-03-15 Omnisonics Medical Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for removing plaque from blood vessels using ultrasonic energy
US6878113B2 (en) 2000-08-30 2005-04-12 Hitachi Medical Corporation Ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and method for processing ultrasonic signal
US20050078317A1 (en) 2003-10-14 2005-04-14 Law Joanne Y. Synchronizing the filter wavelength of an optical filter with the wavelength of a swept local oscillator signal
US6886411B2 (en) 2000-10-24 2005-05-03 St. Jude Medical Ab Piezoelectric sensor in a living organism for fluid pressure measurement
US20050101859A1 (en) 2003-09-22 2005-05-12 Michael Maschke System for medical examination or treatment
US6895106B2 (en) 2001-09-11 2005-05-17 Eastman Kodak Company Method for stitching partial radiation images to reconstruct a full image
US6898337B2 (en) 2003-03-19 2005-05-24 Luna Innovations, Incorporated Fiber-optic apparatus and method for making simultaneous multiple parameter measurements
WO2005047813A1 (en) 2003-10-27 2005-05-26 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for performing optical imaging using frequency-domain interferometry
US6900897B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2005-05-31 Luna Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method for correcting errors generated by a laser with non-ideal tuning characteristics
US6912051B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2005-06-28 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Wavemeter with increased wavelength range
US20050140582A1 (en) 2003-12-15 2005-06-30 Lg Electronics Inc. Apparatus and method for driving plasma display panel
US20050140981A1 (en) 2002-04-18 2005-06-30 Rudolf Waelti Measurement of optical properties
US20050140682A1 (en) 2003-12-05 2005-06-30 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. Graphics processing unit for simulation or medical diagnostic imaging
US20050140984A1 (en) 2003-12-31 2005-06-30 Hitzenberger Christoph K. Efficient optical coherence tomography (OCT) system and method for rapid imaging in three dimensions
US20050147303A1 (en) 2003-11-19 2005-07-07 Xiang Sean Zhou System and method for detecting and matching anatomical stuctures using appearance and shape
US6916329B1 (en) 2002-04-30 2005-07-12 Ruan Jin Zhao Optical/electrical acupuncture needle and system
US6922498B2 (en) 2003-02-05 2005-07-26 Mvm Electronics, Inc. Fiber-optic matrix switch using phased array acousto-optic device
US20050165439A1 (en) 2004-01-23 2005-07-28 Jan Weber Electrically actuated medical devices
US20050171438A1 (en) 2003-12-09 2005-08-04 Zhongping Chen High speed spectral domain functional optical coherence tomography and optical doppler tomography for in vivo blood flow dynamics and tissue structure
US20050171433A1 (en) 2004-01-08 2005-08-04 Boppart Stephen A. Multi-functional plasmon-resonant contrast agents for optical coherence tomography
US20050182297A1 (en) 1996-10-04 2005-08-18 Dietrich Gravenstein Imaging scope
US6937346B2 (en) 2001-08-17 2005-08-30 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Wavemeter having two interference elements
US6937696B1 (en) 1998-10-23 2005-08-30 Varian Medical Systems Technologies, Inc. Method and system for predictive physiological gating
US20050196028A1 (en) 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method of registering a sequence of 2D image data with 3D image data
US20050197585A1 (en) 2004-03-06 2005-09-08 Transoma Medical, Inc. Vascular blood pressure monitoring system with transdermal catheter and telemetry capability
US6943939B1 (en) 2002-03-19 2005-09-13 Finisar Corporation Optical amplifier with damped relaxation oscillation
US6947787B2 (en) 2001-12-21 2005-09-20 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. System and methods for imaging within a body lumen
US6947147B2 (en) 2002-08-21 2005-09-20 Agilent Technologies, Inc. De-embedment of optical component characteristics and calibration of optical receivers using rayleigh backscatter
US6949094B2 (en) 2001-12-19 2005-09-27 Ran Yaron Miniature refrigeration system for cryothermal ablation catheter
US20050213103A1 (en) 2004-03-29 2005-09-29 Everett Matthew J Simple high efficiency optical coherence domain reflectometer design
US20050215942A1 (en) 2004-01-29 2005-09-29 Tim Abrahamson Small vessel ultrasound catheter
US6952603B2 (en) 2001-03-16 2005-10-04 Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc. Subcutaneous analyte sensor
JP2005274380A (en) 2004-03-25 2005-10-06 Optoquest Co Ltd Double refraction measuring instrument
US6954737B2 (en) 2001-11-05 2005-10-11 Johnsondiversey, Inc. Method and apparatus for work management for facility maintenance
US20050234445A1 (en) 2002-03-05 2005-10-20 Baylis Medical Company Inc. Method of treating biological tissue
US6958042B2 (en) 2001-04-11 2005-10-25 Ge Medical Systems Global Technology Company, Llc Ultrasonic transmission/reception method, ultrasonic transmission/reception apparatus, ultrasonic imaging method and ultrasonic imaging apparatus
US6961123B1 (en) 2001-09-28 2005-11-01 The Texas A&M University System Method and apparatus for obtaining information from polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
US20050243322A1 (en) 2004-04-13 2005-11-03 Lasker Joseph M Digital signal processor-based detection system, method, and apparatus for optical tomography
US20050251567A1 (en) 2004-04-15 2005-11-10 Raytheon Company System and method for cluster management based on HPC architecture
US20050249391A1 (en) 2004-05-10 2005-11-10 Mediguide Ltd. Method for segmentation of IVUS image sequences
US20050254059A1 (en) 2004-05-14 2005-11-17 Alphonse Gerard A Low coherence interferometric system for optical metrology
US6966891B2 (en) 2002-08-27 2005-11-22 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Catheter
US6969293B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2005-11-29 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US6969395B2 (en) 2002-08-07 2005-11-29 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Electroactive polymer actuated medical devices
US20050264823A1 (en) 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Miao Zhu Systems using polarization-manipulating retroreflectors
US20060015126A1 (en) 2002-10-18 2006-01-19 Arieh Sher Atherectomy system with imaging guidewire
US20060013523A1 (en) 2004-07-16 2006-01-19 Luna Innovations Incorporated Fiber optic position and shape sensing device and method relating thereto
US20060029634A1 (en) 2004-08-06 2006-02-09 Berg Michael C Porous structures
US20060036167A1 (en) 2004-07-03 2006-02-16 Shina Systems Ltd. Vascular image processing
US20060039004A1 (en) 2004-08-06 2006-02-23 The General Hospital Corporation Process, system and software arrangement for determining at least one location in a sample using an optical coherence tomography
US20060038115A1 (en) 2004-08-20 2006-02-23 Maas Steven J Frequency division and/or wavelength division multiplexed recursive fiber optic telemetry scheme for an optical sensor array
US20060041180A1 (en) 2004-06-04 2006-02-23 Viswanathan Raju R User interface for remote control of medical devices
US7004963B2 (en) 2001-09-14 2006-02-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Conformable balloons
US7006231B2 (en) 2001-10-18 2006-02-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Diffraction grating based interferometric systems and methods
US20060045536A1 (en) 2004-09-02 2006-03-02 Shin Arahira Optical Switch
US7010458B2 (en) 2001-09-21 2006-03-07 Microsoft Corporation System and methods for providing histogram computation in a high precision rasterization data pipeline
US20060058622A1 (en) 2004-08-24 2006-03-16 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for imaging of vessel segments
US20060055936A1 (en) 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 The General Hospital Corporation System and method for optical coherence imaging
WO2006029634A2 (en) 2004-09-17 2006-03-23 Novo Nordisk A/S Pharmaceutical compositions containing insulin and insulinotropic peptide
US20060064009A1 (en) 2004-09-21 2006-03-23 Webler William E Vessel imaging devices and methods
US20060067620A1 (en) 2004-09-29 2006-03-30 The General Hospital Corporation System and method for optical coherence imaging
US7024025B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2006-04-04 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Nonuniform Rotational Distortion (NURD) reduction
US20060072808A1 (en) 2004-10-01 2006-04-06 Marcus Grimm Registration of first and second image data of an object
US20060074442A1 (en) 2000-04-06 2006-04-06 Revascular Therapeutics, Inc. Guidewire for crossing occlusions or stenoses
US7027743B1 (en) 2000-10-05 2006-04-11 Agilent Technologies, Inc. System and method for optical heterodyne detection of an optical signal including optical pre-selection that is adjusted to accurately track a local oscillator signal
US7027211B1 (en) 2003-12-08 2006-04-11 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Fiber optic switch employing optical amplifiers
US7033347B2 (en) 2002-12-11 2006-04-25 Angiodynamics, Inc. Endovascular laser treatment device
US7037269B2 (en) 2000-07-20 2006-05-02 Volcano Corporation Ultrasonic imagining catheters
US20060098927A1 (en) 2003-06-16 2006-05-11 The Regents Of The University Of California Integrated sensor with electrical and optical single molecule sensitivity
US20060100694A1 (en) 2002-06-13 2006-05-11 Oren Globerman Guidewire system
US20060106375A1 (en) 2004-11-15 2006-05-18 Werneth Randell L Ablation system with feedback
US7049306B2 (en) 1999-01-22 2006-05-23 Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Heteroaryl, heterocyclic and aryl compounds which inhibit leukocyte adhesion mediated by VLA-4.
US7048711B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2006-05-23 Biocardia, Inc. Drug delivery catheter and steering guide catheter combination
US7058239B2 (en) 2001-10-29 2006-06-06 Eyesee360, Inc. System and method for panoramic imaging
US7060421B2 (en) 2001-07-05 2006-06-13 Lpkf Laser & Electronics Ag Conductor track structures and method for production thereof
US7060033B2 (en) 1997-09-29 2006-06-13 Boston Scientific Corporation Ultrasound imaging guidewire with static central core and tip
WO2006061829A1 (en) 2004-12-06 2006-06-15 Glucon Inc. Photoacoustic intravascular probe
US7063679B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2006-06-20 Flowmedica, Inc. Intra-aortic renal delivery catheter
US20060135870A1 (en) 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Webler William E Methods and apparatuses for positioning within an internal channel
US20060132790A1 (en) 2003-02-20 2006-06-22 Applied Science Innovations, Inc. Optical coherence tomography with 3d coherence scanning
US7068852B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2006-06-27 Zoran Corporation Edge detection and sharpening process for an image
WO2006068875A2 (en) 2004-12-14 2006-06-29 Luna Innovations Inc. Compensating for time varying phase changes in interferometric measurements
US20060142733A1 (en) 2004-12-23 2006-06-29 Andrew Forsberg Catheter tip and method of attaching a catheter tip to a catheter shaft
US20060142703A1 (en) 2004-12-07 2006-06-29 Cook Incorporated Catheter aperture with related structures and method
US7074188B2 (en) 2002-08-26 2006-07-11 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation System and method of characterizing vascular tissue
JP2006184284A (en) 2003-09-26 2006-07-13 Kitasato Gakuen Variable-wavelength light generator for optical coherence tomography, and the optical coherence tomography equipment
US20060173299A1 (en) 2004-12-14 2006-08-03 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Systems and methods for improved three-dimensional imaging of a body lumen
US20060179255A1 (en) 2005-02-08 2006-08-10 Takeshi Yamazaki Methods and apparatus for synchronizing data access to a local memory in a multi-processor system
US20060184048A1 (en) 2005-02-02 2006-08-17 Vahid Saadat Tissue visualization and manipulation system
US7095493B2 (en) 2003-11-24 2006-08-22 The Boeing Company Optical time domain reflectometer and method of using the same
US20060187537A1 (en) 2005-01-20 2006-08-24 Robert Huber Mode locking methods and apparatus
US20060195269A1 (en) 2005-02-25 2006-08-31 Yeatman Timothy J Methods and systems for predicting cancer outcome
US20060204119A1 (en) 2005-03-01 2006-09-14 Microsoft Corporation Efficient implementation of block-based transform on graphics processing unit
US7110119B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2006-09-19 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Determining an optical property by using superimposed delayed signals
JP2006266797A (en) 2005-03-23 2006-10-05 Anritsu Corp Apparatus for optical heterodyne interference
US20060229591A1 (en) 2004-01-16 2006-10-12 Lee Don W Intravascular catheter
US7123777B2 (en) 2001-09-27 2006-10-17 Eyesee360, Inc. System and method for panoramic imaging
US20060241342A1 (en) 2003-03-13 2006-10-26 Medtronic Transvascular, Inc. Optically guided penetration catheters and their methods of use
US20060239312A1 (en) 2005-04-23 2006-10-26 Telaris Inc. Semiconductor Lasers in Optical Phase-Locked Loops
US20060241465A1 (en) 2005-01-11 2006-10-26 Volcano Corporation Vascular image co-registration
US20060241503A1 (en) 2005-02-10 2006-10-26 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Optical coherence tomography apparatus and methods
WO2006111704A1 (en) 2005-04-16 2006-10-26 Re-Fuel Technology Limited Electrochemical cell stack with frame elements
WO2006119416A2 (en) 2005-05-04 2006-11-09 Fluid Medical, Inc. Miniature actuator mechanism for intravascular imaging
JP2006313158A (en) 2005-05-06 2006-11-16 Siemens Ag Method for displaying tomographic image of lumen by using optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography system
US20060258895A1 (en) 2005-05-12 2006-11-16 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Catheter, catheter device and imaging diagnostic apparatus
WO2006121851A2 (en) 2005-05-05 2006-11-16 Volcano Corporation Capacitive microfabricated ultrasound transducer-based intravascular ultrasound probes
US7139440B2 (en) 2001-08-25 2006-11-21 Eyesee360, Inc. Method and apparatus for encoding photographic images
US20060270976A1 (en) 2005-05-31 2006-11-30 Prorhythm, Inc. Steerable catheter
US20060267756A1 (en) 2004-05-27 2006-11-30 Lawrence Kates System and method for high-sensitivity sensor
WO2006130802A2 (en) 2005-06-01 2006-12-07 The General Hospital Corporation Apparatus, method and system for performing phase-resolved optical frequency domain imaging
US20060276709A1 (en) 2003-03-11 2006-12-07 Ali Khamene System and method for reconstruction of the human ear canal from optical coherence tomography scans
US20060279743A1 (en) 2005-05-13 2006-12-14 Vistec Semiconductor Systems Gmbh Measuring device and method for determining relative positions of a positioning stage configured to be moveable in at least one direction
US20060287595A1 (en) 2005-06-16 2006-12-21 Michael Maschke Medical system for inserting a catheter into a vessel
US20060285638A1 (en) 2005-06-21 2006-12-21 Jan Boese Method for determining the position and orientation of an object, especially of a catheter, from two-dimensional X-ray images
US7153299B1 (en) 2003-02-24 2006-12-26 Maxwell Sensors Inc. Optical apparatus for detecting and treating vulnerable plaque
US20060293597A1 (en) 1996-08-29 2006-12-28 Techniscan, Inc. Apparatus and method for imaging objects with wavefields
WO2007002685A2 (en) 2005-06-24 2007-01-04 Volcano Corporation Co-registration of graphical image data representing three-dimensional vascular features
US20070016034A1 (en) 2005-07-15 2007-01-18 Brenda Donaldson Integrated physiology and imaging workstation
US20070015969A1 (en) 2005-06-06 2007-01-18 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System OCT using spectrally resolved bandwidth
US20070016029A1 (en) 2005-07-15 2007-01-18 General Electric Company Physiology workstation with real-time fluoroscopy and ultrasound imaging
US7171078B2 (en) 2003-07-25 2007-01-30 Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for fabricating fiber Bragg gratings
US20070027390A1 (en) 2005-07-13 2007-02-01 Michael Maschke System for performing and monitoring minimally invasive interventions
JP2007024677A (en) 2005-07-15 2007-02-01 Sun Tec Kk Optical tomogram display system
US7175597B2 (en) 2003-02-03 2007-02-13 Cleveland Clinic Foundation Non-invasive tissue characterization system and method
US20070038125A1 (en) 2005-06-27 2007-02-15 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Oct-based imaging method
US20070038121A1 (en) 2005-05-27 2007-02-15 Feldman Marc D Optical coherence tomographic detection of cells and compositions
US20070036417A1 (en) 2000-09-26 2007-02-15 Vital Images, Inc. Image data based retrospective temporal selection of medical images
US20070043292A1 (en) 2005-08-08 2007-02-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method for acquiring and evaluating vascular examination data
US20070043597A1 (en) 2005-08-16 2007-02-22 General Electric Company Physiology network and workstation for use therewith
WO2007025230A2 (en) 2005-08-25 2007-03-01 Fluid Medical, Inc. Tubular compliant mechanisms for ultrasonic imaging systems and intravascular interventional devices
US20070049847A1 (en) 2005-08-05 2007-03-01 Cook Incorporated High performance wire guide
US7190464B2 (en) 2004-05-14 2007-03-13 Medeikon Corporation Low coherence interferometry for detecting and characterizing plaques
US20070060973A1 (en) 2005-09-12 2007-03-15 Nandor Ludvig Apparatus and method for monitoring and treatment of brain disorders
US20070065077A1 (en) 2004-07-16 2007-03-22 Luna Innovations Incorporated Fiber Optic Position and Shape Sensing Device and Method Relating Thereto
US20070066888A1 (en) 2004-11-15 2007-03-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Catheter device with a position sensor system for treating a vessel blockage using image monitoring
US20070066983A1 (en) 2005-09-22 2007-03-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Device for carrying out rotablation
US20070084995A1 (en) 2005-10-17 2007-04-19 Newton Kenneth R Simplex optimization methods for instrumentation tuning
WO2007045690A1 (en) 2005-10-21 2007-04-26 Galapagos Sas Recombinant cell lines for the stable and high-level production of biologically active dkk1 protein
US20070100226A1 (en) 2004-04-26 2007-05-03 Yankelevitz David F Medical imaging system for accurate measurement evaluation of changes in a target lesion
US7215802B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2007-05-08 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation System and method for vascular border detection
US7218811B2 (en) 2002-01-10 2007-05-15 The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Optical module, and multi-core optical collimator and lens housing therefor
WO2007058895A2 (en) 2005-11-11 2007-05-24 Visualsonics Inc. Overlay image contrast enhancement
US20070135887A1 (en) 2005-12-12 2007-06-14 Siemensaktiengesellschaft Catheter device for treating a block-age of a vessel
WO2007067323A2 (en) 2005-12-02 2007-06-14 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Inc. Image-guidance in medical image processing
US20070142707A1 (en) 2005-12-15 2007-06-21 Microvision, Inc. Method and apparatus for calibrating an endoscope system
US7236812B1 (en) 2003-09-02 2007-06-26 Biotex, Inc. System, device and method for determining the concentration of an analyte
US20070156019A1 (en) 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Larkin David Q Robotic surgery system including position sensors using fiber bragg gratings
US20070162860A1 (en) 2006-01-11 2007-07-12 General Electric Company Remote console for observing multiple workstations
US20070161963A1 (en) 2006-01-09 2007-07-12 Smalling Medical Ventures, Llc Aspiration thrombectomy catheter system, and associated methods
US20070161893A1 (en) 2003-04-28 2007-07-12 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Rotating optical catheter tip for optical coherence tomography
US20070161896A1 (en) 2004-08-05 2007-07-12 Olympus Corporation Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (cMUT) and its production method
US7245125B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2007-07-17 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Magnetic resonance imaging apparatus and method wherein streak artifacts are minimized in modular k-space scanning
US20070167804A1 (en) 2002-09-18 2007-07-19 Byong-Ho Park Tubular compliant mechanisms for ultrasonic imaging systems and intravascular interventional devices
US20070165141A1 (en) 2005-11-22 2007-07-19 Yogesh Srinivas Method and system to manage digital medical images
US20070167710A1 (en) 2005-11-29 2007-07-19 Siemens Corporate Research, Inc. Method and Apparatus for Inner Wall Extraction and Stent Strut Detection Using Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging
US7249357B2 (en) 2001-08-20 2007-07-24 Silicon Graphics, Inc. Transparent distribution and execution of data in a multiprocessor environment
WO2007084995A2 (en) 2006-01-19 2007-07-26 The General Hospital Corporation Methods and systems for optical imaging of epithelial luminal organs by beam scanning thereof
US20070191682A1 (en) 2006-02-15 2007-08-16 Jannick Rolland Optical probes for imaging narrow vessels or lumens
US20070206193A1 (en) 2004-01-13 2007-09-06 Glucon, Inc. Photoacoustic Sensor
US20070208276A1 (en) 2006-03-06 2007-09-06 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Adjustable catheter tip
US20070225590A1 (en) 2006-01-13 2007-09-27 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Control panel for a medical imaging system
US20070225220A1 (en) 2006-03-27 2007-09-27 Xintian Ming Antimicrobial composition
US20070229801A1 (en) 2005-09-29 2007-10-04 The General Hospital Corporation Arrangements and methods for providing multimodality microscopic imaging of one or more biological structures
US20070232874A1 (en) 2003-10-03 2007-10-04 Can Ince System and method for imaging the reflectance of a substrate
US20070232933A1 (en) 2005-10-13 2007-10-04 Volcano Corporation Component-based catheter lab intravascular ultrasound system
US20070232892A1 (en) 2006-03-31 2007-10-04 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Image diagnostic system and processing method therefor
US20070232872A1 (en) 2006-03-16 2007-10-04 The Board Of Regents Of The University Of Texas System Continuous noninvasive glucose monitoring in diabetic, non-diabetic, and critically ill patients with oct
US20070232893A1 (en) 2006-03-31 2007-10-04 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Probe, image diagnostic system and catheter
US20070232891A1 (en) 2006-03-30 2007-10-04 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Image diagnostic system and processing method therefor
US20070232890A1 (en) 2006-03-30 2007-10-04 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Image diagnostic system and processing method therefor
US20070238957A1 (en) 2005-12-22 2007-10-11 Visen Medical, Inc. Combined x-ray and optical tomographic imaging system
US20070247033A1 (en) 2006-04-25 2007-10-25 Tracee Eidenschink Embedded electroactive polymer structures for use in medical devices
US20070250036A1 (en) 2006-04-25 2007-10-25 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Variable stiffness catheter assembly
US20070250000A1 (en) 2006-03-30 2007-10-25 Novelis, Inc. Method and system for imaging, diagnosing, and/or treating an area of interest in a patient's body
US7292715B2 (en) 2003-06-09 2007-11-06 Infraredx, Inc. Display of diagnostic data
US7292885B2 (en) 2001-11-29 2007-11-06 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Mechanical apparatus and method for dilating and delivering a therapeutic agent to a site of treatment
US7291146B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2007-11-06 Minnow Medical, Inc. Selectable eccentric remodeling and/or ablation of atherosclerotic material
US20070258094A1 (en) 2006-04-28 2007-11-08 Bioptigen, Inc. Methods, systems and computer program products for optical coherence tomography (OCT) using automatic dispersion compensation
US20070260138A1 (en) 2005-05-27 2007-11-08 Feldman Marc D Optical coherence tomographic detection of cells and killing of the same
US7294124B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2007-11-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Hypotube with improved strain relief
US7300460B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2007-11-27 Counter Clockwise, Inc. Bifurcated guidewire and methods of use
US20070278389A1 (en) 2006-06-02 2007-12-06 Mahesh Ajgaonkar Multi-channel low coherence interferometer
US20070287914A1 (en) 2006-04-11 2007-12-13 Microfabrica Inc. Forward-Looking Intravascular Ultrasound Devices and Methods for Making
US20080002183A1 (en) 2004-08-09 2008-01-03 Toyohiko Yatagai Multiplexing Spectrum Interference Optical Coherence Tomography
US20080013093A1 (en) 2006-07-17 2008-01-17 Bioptigen, Inc. Methods, Systems and Computer Program Products for Removing Undesired Artifacts in Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (FDOCT) Systems Using Continuous Phase Modulation and Related Phase Modulators
US20080027481A1 (en) 2006-07-19 2008-01-31 Paul Gilson Vascular filter
US20080043024A1 (en) 2006-06-26 2008-02-21 Siemens Corporate Research, Inc. Method for reconstructing an object subject to a cone beam using a graphic processor unit (gpu)
US20080045842A1 (en) 2006-07-21 2008-02-21 Prescient Medical, Inc. Conformable tissue contact catheter
US7337079B2 (en) 2002-07-09 2008-02-26 Jin-Bae Park Time-frequency domain reflectometry apparatus and method
US7335161B2 (en) 2004-08-20 2008-02-26 Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. Techniques for blood pressure measurement by implantable device
US20080051660A1 (en) 2004-01-16 2008-02-28 The University Of Houston System Methods and apparatuses for medical imaging
US20080063304A1 (en) 2006-09-13 2008-03-13 Orthocrat Ltd. Calibration of radiographic images
US7355716B2 (en) 2002-01-24 2008-04-08 The General Hospital Corporation Apparatus and method for ranging and noise reduction of low coherence interferometry LCI and optical coherence tomography OCT signals by parallel detection of spectral bands
US20080085041A1 (en) 2004-11-29 2008-04-10 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Method Of Geometrical Distortion Correction In 3D Images
US7358921B2 (en) 2005-12-01 2008-04-15 Harris Corporation Dual polarization antenna and associated methods
US7359554B2 (en) 2002-08-26 2008-04-15 Cleveland Clinic Foundation System and method for identifying a vascular border
US20080095714A1 (en) 2006-10-20 2008-04-24 Cardiospectra, Inc. Method and apparatus to identify vulnerable plaques with thermal wave imaging of heated nanoparticles
US20080095465A1 (en) 2006-10-18 2008-04-24 General Electric Company Image registration system and method
US20080097194A1 (en) 2006-10-18 2008-04-24 Milner Thomas E Hemoglobin contrast in magneto-motive optical doppler tomography, optical coherence tomography, and ultrasound imaging methods and apparatus
US7363927B2 (en) 2002-02-26 2008-04-29 Arvik Enterprises, Llc Removable blood vessel occlusion device
US20080101667A1 (en) 2006-10-25 2008-05-01 Rcadia Medical Imaging Ltd. Method and system for the presentation of blood vessel structures and identified pathologies
US20080108867A1 (en) 2005-12-22 2008-05-08 Gan Zhou Devices and Methods for Ultrasonic Imaging and Ablation
WO2008058084A2 (en) 2006-11-03 2008-05-15 Volcano Corporation Analyte sensore method and apparatus
US20080114254A1 (en) 2004-09-19 2008-05-15 Bioscan Ltd. Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging Device
US20080124495A1 (en) 2006-08-28 2008-05-29 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Refoldable balloon and method of making and using the same
US20080125772A1 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-05-29 Minnow Medical, Inc Tuned RF energy and electrical tissue characterization for selective treatment of target tissues
US7382949B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2008-06-03 The General Hospital Corporation Fiber-optic rotational device, optical system and method for imaging a sample
US20080139897A1 (en) 2001-05-31 2008-06-12 Ainsworth Robert D Catheter with optical fiber sensor
WO2008069991A1 (en) 2006-12-01 2008-06-12 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method for making 2-butanol
US7387636B2 (en) 1996-03-15 2008-06-17 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Catheter apparatus and methodology for generating a fistula on-demand between closely associated blood vessels at a pre-chosen anatomic site in-vivo
US20080146941A1 (en) 2006-12-13 2008-06-19 Ep Medsystems, Inc. Catheter Position Tracking for Intracardiac Catheters
US20080143707A1 (en) 2006-11-28 2008-06-19 Calgary Scientific Inc. Texture-based multi-dimensional medical image registration
US20080147111A1 (en) 2005-01-03 2008-06-19 Eric Johnson Endoluminal Filter With Fixation
US7391520B2 (en) 2005-07-01 2008-06-24 Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc. Fourier domain optical coherence tomography employing a swept multi-wavelength laser and a multi-channel receiver
US20080154128A1 (en) 2005-05-27 2008-06-26 Cardiospectra, Inc. Hemoglobin contrast in magneto-motive optical doppler tomography, optical coherence tomography, and ultrasound imaging methods and apparatus
US20080161696A1 (en) 2006-11-08 2008-07-03 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Opto-acoustic imaging devices and methods
US7399095B2 (en) 2003-07-09 2008-07-15 Eyesee360, Inc. Apparatus for mounting a panoramic mirror
US20080171944A1 (en) 2005-07-26 2008-07-17 Rox Medical, Inc. Devices, systems, and methods for peripheral arteriovenous fistula creation
US20080177183A1 (en) 2007-01-19 2008-07-24 Brian Courtney Imaging probe with combined ultrasounds and optical means of imaging
US20080175465A1 (en) 2007-01-19 2008-07-24 Thorlabs, Inc. Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging System and Method
US20080181477A1 (en) 2007-01-19 2008-07-31 Bioptigen, Inc. Methods, systems and computer program products for processing images generated using fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FDOCT)
US20080180683A1 (en) 2007-01-23 2008-07-31 Volcano Corporation Optical coherence tomography implementation
US20080187201A1 (en) 2007-02-05 2008-08-07 Siemens Medical Solution Usa, Inc. System and Method for Computer Aided Detection of Pulmonary Embolism in Tobogganing in CT Angiography
WO2008107905A2 (en) 2007-03-08 2008-09-12 Sync-Rx, Ltd. Imaging and tools for use with moving organs
US20080228086A1 (en) 2006-02-15 2008-09-18 Olusegun Johnson Ilegbusi Systems and methods for evaluating vessels
US20080247622A1 (en) 2004-09-24 2008-10-09 Stephen Aylward Methods, Systems, and Computer Program Products For Hierarchical Registration Between a Blood Vessel and Tissue Surface Model For a Subject and a Blood Vessel and Tissue Surface Image For the Subject
US20080247716A1 (en) 2005-07-14 2008-10-09 Rytz Thomas Electooptical Communications and Power Cable
US7440087B2 (en) 2004-02-24 2008-10-21 Luna Innovations Incorporated Identifying optical fiber segments and determining characteristics of an optical device under test based on fiber segment scatter pattern data
US20080262489A1 (en) 2007-04-23 2008-10-23 Minnow Medical, Llc Thrombus removal
US20080262470A1 (en) 2007-04-20 2008-10-23 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Catheter having a readily bondable multilayer soft tip
US20080269599A1 (en) 2007-04-24 2008-10-30 Medtronic, Inc. Method for Performing Multiple Registrations in a Navigated Procedure
US7449821B2 (en) 2005-03-02 2008-11-11 Research Triangle Institute Piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer with air-backed cavities
US7450165B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2008-11-11 Grandeye, Ltd. Multiple-view processing in wide-angle video camera
US20080281205A1 (en) 2004-01-16 2008-11-13 Morteza Naghavi Methods and Apparatuses For Medical Imaging
US20080281248A1 (en) 2007-04-02 2008-11-13 University Of Pittsburgh - Of The Commonwealth System Of Higher Education Removal of contrast agents from blood
US20080285043A1 (en) 2005-12-06 2008-11-20 Carl Zeiss Meditec Ag Interferometric Sample Measurement
US20080294034A1 (en) 2004-02-18 2008-11-27 Koninklijke Philips Electronic, N.V. Device and Method for the Determination of the Position of a Catheter in a Vascular System
US20080292173A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2008-11-27 Jiang Hsieh Methods and apparatus for artifact reduction
US20080291463A1 (en) 2006-06-05 2008-11-27 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Polarization-sensitive spectral interferometry
US7458967B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2008-12-02 Angiodynamics, Inc. Endovascular treatment apparatus and method
US20080298655A1 (en) 2003-08-11 2008-12-04 Edwards Jerome R Methods, apparatuses, and systems useful in conducting image guided interventions
US20080306766A1 (en) 2007-06-07 2008-12-11 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Examination-data processing apparatus and examination system
US20090009801A1 (en) 2007-07-02 2009-01-08 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image processing apparatus and image processing method
WO2009009801A1 (en) 2007-07-12 2009-01-15 Volcano Corporation Apparatus and methods for uniform frequency sample clocking
US20090018393A1 (en) 2007-07-12 2009-01-15 Volcano Corporation Catheter for in vivo imaging
US20090034813A1 (en) 2007-08-02 2009-02-05 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. Joint Detection and Localization of Multiple Anatomical Landmarks Through Learning
US20090043191A1 (en) 2007-07-12 2009-02-12 Volcano Corporation Oct-ivus catheter for concurrent luminal imaging
US7491226B2 (en) 1999-11-19 2009-02-17 Advanced Bio Prosthetic Surfaces, Ltd. Endoluminal implantable stent-grafts
US20090052614A1 (en) 2007-08-14 2009-02-26 Eckhard Hempel Method for marking and visualizing an implant by way of an x-ray phase-contrast tomography examination and an implant
US20090069843A1 (en) 2007-09-10 2009-03-12 Agnew Charles W Fistula plugs including a hydration resistant component
US20090079993A1 (en) 2005-11-22 2009-03-26 Shofu Inc. Dental Optical Coherence Tomograph
US20090088650A1 (en) 2007-09-28 2009-04-02 Volcano Corporation Intravascular pressure devices incorporating sensors manufactured using deep reactive ion etching
US7515276B2 (en) 2006-07-26 2009-04-07 Luna Innovations Incorporated High resolution interferometric optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR) beyond the laser coherence length
WO2009046431A1 (en) 2007-10-05 2009-04-09 Volcano Corporation Real time spectal-domain optical coherence tomography (sd-oct) with distributed acquisition and processing
US20090122320A1 (en) 2007-11-12 2009-05-14 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Imaging catheter with integrated reference reflector
US7534251B2 (en) 2003-02-11 2009-05-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Retrievable IVC filter
US7535797B2 (en) 2006-06-20 2009-05-19 Rehabtek High-resolution ultrasound displacement measurement apparatus and method
US20090138544A1 (en) 2006-11-22 2009-05-28 Rainer Wegenkittl Method and System for Dynamic Image Processing
US7547304B2 (en) 2002-12-19 2009-06-16 Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. Guidewire-centering catheter tip
US20090156941A1 (en) 2007-12-17 2009-06-18 Silicon Valley Medical Instruments, Inc. Telescope for an imaging catheter
US20090174931A1 (en) 2005-01-20 2009-07-09 Huber Robert A Fourier domain mode locking: method and apparatus for control and improved performance
US20090177183A1 (en) 2005-10-14 2009-07-09 Kai Pinkernell Cell delivery catheters with distal tip high fidelity sensors
US20090174886A1 (en) 2008-01-08 2009-07-09 Fujifilm Corporation System for producing tomographic image by optical tomography
US20090177090A1 (en) 2005-05-06 2009-07-09 Sorin Grunwald Endovascular devices and methods of use
US7564949B2 (en) 2007-05-09 2009-07-21 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Angiography device and associated recording method with a mechanism for collision avoidance
US20090198125A1 (en) 2008-02-01 2009-08-06 Fujifilm Corporation Oct optical probe and optical tomography imaging apparatus
US20090196470A1 (en) 2005-07-08 2009-08-06 Jesper Carl Method of identification of an element in two or more images
US20090195514A1 (en) 2007-08-09 2009-08-06 Volcano Corporation Controller user interface for a catheter lab intravascular ultrasound system
US20090203991A1 (en) 2006-04-21 2009-08-13 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Multiple imaging and/or spectroscopic modality probe
US7577471B2 (en) 2005-09-21 2009-08-18 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Optical coherence tomography system
US7583857B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2009-09-01 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. System and method for salient region feature based 3D multi modality registration of medical images
WO2009121067A1 (en) 2008-03-28 2009-10-01 Volcano Corporation Method and apparatus for simultaneous hemoglobin reflectivity measurement
JP2009233001A (en) 2008-03-26 2009-10-15 Newgin Co Ltd Game machine
US20090264768A1 (en) 2007-01-19 2009-10-22 Brian Courtney Scanning mechanisms for imaging probe
US20090269014A1 (en) 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Winberg Paul N Field terminable lc format optical connector with splice element
US20090270695A1 (en) 2003-09-18 2009-10-29 New Paradigm Concepts, LLC Multiparameter whole blood monitor and method
US7612773B2 (en) 2006-05-22 2009-11-03 Magnin Paul A Apparatus and method for rendering for display forward-looking image data
WO2009137704A1 (en) 2008-05-07 2009-11-12 Volcano Corporation Optical imaging catheter for aberration balancing
US20090284332A1 (en) 2008-05-15 2009-11-19 Silicon Valley Medical Instruments, Inc. Ivus system with rotary capacitive coupling
US20090284749A1 (en) 2008-05-15 2009-11-19 Axsun Technologies, Inc. OCT Combining Probes and Integrated Systems
US20090284322A1 (en) 2008-05-19 2009-11-19 William Todd Harrison Synchronously stackable double-edge modulated pulse width modulation generators
US20090292048A1 (en) 2008-05-23 2009-11-26 Sabic Innovatives Plastics Ip B.V. Flame retardant laser direct structuring materials
US20090290167A1 (en) 2008-05-15 2009-11-26 Axsun Technologies, Inc. Optical Coherence Tomography Laser with Integrated Clock
US20090299195A1 (en) 2008-05-07 2009-12-03 Infraredx Multimodal Catheter System and Method for Intravascular Analysis
US20090299284A1 (en) 2003-12-10 2009-12-03 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Balloon Catheter Tip Design
US7633627B2 (en) 2005-01-20 2009-12-15 Duke University Methods, systems and computer program products for characterizing structures based on interferometric phase data
US20090318951A1 (en) 2005-12-30 2009-12-24 C.R. Bard Inc. Embolus blood clot filter delivery system
US20090326634A1 (en) 1996-11-04 2009-12-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Methods for deploying stents in bifurcations
US7645229B2 (en) 2003-09-26 2010-01-12 Armstrong David N Instrument and method for endoscopic visualization and treatment of anorectal fistula
US20100007669A1 (en) 2005-01-18 2010-01-14 Oculus Info Inc. System and method for processing map data
US20100030042A1 (en) 2005-05-04 2010-02-04 Denninghoff Kurt R Method and device for determining oxygen saturation of hemoglobin, for determining hematocrit of blood, and/or for detecting macular degeneration
US7660452B2 (en) 2005-08-09 2010-02-09 Gil Zwirn High resolution radio frequency medical imaging and therapy system
US7666204B2 (en) 1999-04-09 2010-02-23 Evalve, Inc. Multi-catheter steerable guiding system and methods of use
US7672790B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2010-03-02 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. System and method for stochastic DT-MRI connectivity mapping on the GPU
US20100061611A1 (en) 2008-09-11 2010-03-11 Siemens Corporate Research, Inc. Co-registration of coronary artery computed tomography and fluoroscopic sequence
US20100063400A1 (en) 2008-09-05 2010-03-11 Anne Lindsay Hall Method and apparatus for catheter guidance using a combination of ultrasound and x-ray imaging
US7680247B2 (en) 2007-09-25 2010-03-16 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Combined image processing computer for medical diagnostics in the fields of radiography and fluoroscopy
US7684991B2 (en) 2006-01-05 2010-03-23 Alpine Electronics, Inc. Digital audio file search method and apparatus using text-to-speech processing
US20100087732A1 (en) 2008-10-02 2010-04-08 Vascular Imaging Corporation Optical ultrasound receiver
US20100094143A1 (en) 2007-03-19 2010-04-15 University Of Virginia Patent Foundation Access Needle Pressure Sensor Device and Method of Use
US20100094127A1 (en) 2008-10-14 2010-04-15 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Methods for stent strut detection and related measurement and display using optical coherence tomography
US20100094125A1 (en) 2003-08-20 2010-04-15 Hansen Medical, Inc. System and method for 3-d imaging
US20100094135A1 (en) 2001-12-18 2010-04-15 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Systems and methods for phase measurements
US20100113919A1 (en) 2008-11-03 2010-05-06 Michael Maschke Catheter arangement for insertion into a blood vessel for minimally invasive intervention
US7720322B2 (en) 2008-06-30 2010-05-18 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Fiber optic shape sensor
US20100125238A1 (en) 2008-11-14 2010-05-20 Therawire, Inc. Iontophoretic Therapeutic Agent Delivery System
US20100125648A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2010-05-20 Xrfiles, Inc. System and method for the serving of extended bit depth high resolution images
US20100125268A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2010-05-20 Minnow Medical, Inc. Selective Accumulation of Energy With or Without Knowledge of Tissue Topography
US20100128348A1 (en) 2006-05-30 2010-05-27 Domino Taverner Wavelength sweep control
US7734009B2 (en) 2004-11-26 2010-06-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Angiographic x-ray diagnostic device for rotation angiography
US20100152717A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 Spectranetics Eccentric balloon laser catheter
US7742795B2 (en) 2005-03-28 2010-06-22 Minnow Medical, Inc. Tuned RF energy for selective treatment of atheroma and other target tissues and/or structures
US7743189B2 (en) 2008-05-05 2010-06-22 International Business Machines Corporation PCI function south-side data management
US20100161023A1 (en) 2007-03-08 2010-06-24 Sync-Rx, Ltd. Automatic tracking of a tool upon a vascular roadmap
US20100160788A1 (en) 2008-12-19 2010-06-24 Volcano Corporation Rotational intravascular ultrasound probe and method of manufacturing the same
US20100168714A1 (en) 2007-03-06 2010-07-01 Cook Incorpated Therapeutic agent delivery system
US20100179426A1 (en) 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Volcano Corporation Ultrasound catheter with rotatable transducer
US20100179421A1 (en) 2007-05-24 2010-07-15 Joe Tupin System and method for non-invasive instantaneous and continuous measurement of cardiac chamber volume.
US7775981B1 (en) 2000-09-06 2010-08-17 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. Contrast imaging beam sequences for medical diagnostic ultrasound
US7777399B2 (en) 2006-07-31 2010-08-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Medical balloon incorporating electroactive polymer and methods of making and using the same
US7787127B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2010-08-31 Michael Galle System and method to determine chromatic dispersion in short lengths of waveguides using a common path interferometer
US20100220334A1 (en) 2007-08-10 2010-09-02 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas Forward-imaging optical coherence tomography (oct) systems and probes
US7792342B2 (en) 2006-02-16 2010-09-07 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. System and method for detecting and tracking a guidewire in a fluoroscopic image sequence
US20100226607A1 (en) 2006-05-11 2010-09-09 Princetel, Inc. Off-axis fiber optic slip ring
US20100234736A1 (en) 2009-03-11 2010-09-16 Volcano Corporation Rotational intravascular ultrasound probe with an active spinning element
US20100249601A1 (en) 2009-03-31 2010-09-30 Brian Kent Courtney Medical device with means to improve transmission of torque along a rotational drive shaft
US20100256616A1 (en) 2007-09-26 2010-10-07 Retrovascular, Inc. Recanalizing occluded vessels using radiofrequency energy
US20100272432A1 (en) 2009-04-28 2010-10-28 Axsun Technologies, Inc. Soft Clock Delay for OCT System and Method Therefor
US20100280315A1 (en) * 2007-09-19 2010-11-04 The Research Foundation Of State University Of New York Optical coherence tomography systems and methods
US7831081B2 (en) 2005-08-15 2010-11-09 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Border detection in medical image analysis
US20100284590A1 (en) 2007-12-21 2010-11-11 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. Systems and Methods for Robust Learning Based Annotation of Medical Radiographs
US7846101B2 (en) 1995-12-26 2010-12-07 Volcano Corporation High resolution intravascular ultrasound transducer assembly having a flexible substrate
US7853104B2 (en) 2009-01-05 2010-12-14 Yokogawa Electric Corporation Bidirectional optical module and optical time domain reflectometer
US20100331950A1 (en) 1999-05-18 2010-12-30 Gera Strommer System and method for delivering a stent to a selected position within a lumen
US7862508B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2011-01-04 Innervision Medical Technologies Inc. Systems and methods for ultrasound imaging
WO2011006886A2 (en) 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Basf Se Azole compounds carrying a sulfur substituent xiv
US20110021926A1 (en) 2009-07-01 2011-01-27 Spencer Maegan K Catheter-based off-axis optical coherence tomography imaging system
US7881763B2 (en) 2003-04-04 2011-02-01 Dexcom, Inc. Optimized sensor geometry for an implantable glucose sensor
US7880868B2 (en) 2007-09-28 2011-02-01 Yokogawa Electric Corporation Optical time domain reflectometer
US20110025853A1 (en) 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Naturalpoint, Inc. Automated collective camera calibration for motion capture
US20110026797A1 (en) 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Jerome Declerck Methods of analyzing a selected region of interest in medical image data
US20110032533A1 (en) 2009-05-04 2011-02-10 Izatt Joseph A Methods and computer program products for quantitative three-dimensional image correction and clinical parameter computation in optical coherence tomography
US20110034801A1 (en) 2009-08-06 2011-02-10 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. System for Processing Angiography and Ultrasound Image Data
US20110044546A1 (en) 2006-02-13 2011-02-24 Pan Xiaochuan M Image Reconstruction From Limited or Incomplete Data
US20110066073A1 (en) 2008-06-12 2011-03-17 Stein Kuiper Biopsy device with acoustic element
US7909844B2 (en) 2006-07-31 2011-03-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Catheters having actuatable lumen assemblies
US20110072405A1 (en) 2009-09-18 2011-03-24 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd. Chip-Level ECO Shrink
JP2011056786A (en) 2009-09-10 2011-03-24 Toshiba Tec Corp Printing device
US20110071401A1 (en) 2009-09-24 2011-03-24 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Systems and methods for making and using a stepper motor for an intravascular ultrasound imaging system
WO2011038048A1 (en) 2009-09-23 2011-03-31 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Apparatus, systems, and methods of in-vivo blood clearing in a lumen
US20110080591A1 (en) 2009-10-02 2011-04-07 Axsun Technologies, Inc. Integrated Dual Swept Source for OCT Medical Imaging
US7921854B2 (en) 2002-10-31 2011-04-12 Cooltouch Incorporated Endovenous laser treatment for varicose veins
US20110087104A1 (en) 2009-10-12 2011-04-14 Silicon Valley Medical Instruments, Inc. Intravascular ultrasound system for co-registered imaging
US7927784B2 (en) 2000-12-20 2011-04-19 Ev3 Vascular lumen debulking catheters and methods
US7930104B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2011-04-19 Genomic Health, Inc. Predicting response to chemotherapy using gene expression markers
US7942852B2 (en) 2008-04-23 2011-05-17 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Aspiration catheter having an internal vacuum accumulator
US7947012B2 (en) 2008-04-24 2011-05-24 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Aspiration catheter having selectively deformable tip
US7952719B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2011-05-31 Prescient Medical, Inc. Optical catheter configurations combining raman spectroscopy with optical fiber-based low coherence reflectometry
US20110137140A1 (en) 2009-07-14 2011-06-09 The General Hospital Corporation Apparatus, Systems and Methods for Measuring Flow and Pressure within a Vessel
US20110144502A1 (en) 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 Tea Time Partners, L.P. Imaging guidewire
US20110157597A1 (en) 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Industrial Technology Research Institute Swept source optical coherence tomography (ss-oct) system and method for processing optical imaging data
US20110160586A1 (en) 2009-12-29 2011-06-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Systems and methods for multi-frequency imaging of patient tissue using intravascular ultrasound imaging systems
US7972353B2 (en) 2004-04-16 2011-07-05 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Removable vena cava filter with anchoring feature for reduced trauma
WO2011081688A1 (en) 2009-12-31 2011-07-07 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Compensation of motion in a moving organ using an internal position reference sensor
US7976492B2 (en) 2004-02-26 2011-07-12 Dexcom, Inc. Integrated delivery device for continuous glucose sensor
US7977950B2 (en) 2008-03-25 2011-07-12 Radiodetection Ltd. Time-domain reflectometer
US7981151B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2011-07-19 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Transcatheter heart valve with micro-anchors
US7981041B2 (en) 2007-01-17 2011-07-19 The Regents Of The University Of California Sonographically guided transvaginal or transrectal pelvic abscess drainage using trocar method and biopsy guide attachment
US20110178413A1 (en) 2010-01-19 2011-07-21 Schmitt Joseph M Intravascular optical coherence tomography system with pressure monitoring interface and accessories
US20110190586A1 (en) 2008-03-28 2011-08-04 Volcano Corporation Methods and systems for intravascular imaging and flushing
US7993333B2 (en) 2002-10-25 2011-08-09 The Regents Of The University Of Michigan Ablation catheters
US7996060B2 (en) 2006-10-09 2011-08-09 Biosense Webster, Inc. Apparatus, method, and computer software product for registration of images of an organ using anatomical features outside the organ
US7995210B2 (en) 2004-11-24 2011-08-09 The General Hospital Corporation Devices and arrangements for performing coherence range imaging using a common path interferometer
US7999938B2 (en) 2003-06-04 2011-08-16 Tomophase Corporation Measurements of optical inhomogeneity and other properties in substances using propagation modes of light
US20110216378A1 (en) 2008-11-13 2011-09-08 Yarn Chee Poon Systems And Methods For Edge Detection During An Imaging Operation
US20110220985A1 (en) 2010-03-10 2011-09-15 Jung-Min Son Semiconductor device and method of fabricating the same
US8021420B2 (en) 2009-03-12 2011-09-20 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Prosthetic valve delivery system
US20110238083A1 (en) 2005-07-01 2011-09-29 Hansen Medical, Inc. Robotic catheter system and methods
US20110238061A1 (en) 2005-08-24 2011-09-29 Neuwave Medical, Inc. Microwave device for vascular ablation
US20110245669A1 (en) 2010-04-01 2011-10-06 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. System for Cardiac Condition Detection and Characterization
US20110249094A1 (en) 2010-04-13 2011-10-13 National Applied Research Laboratory Method and System for Providing Three Dimensional Stereo Image
US8040586B2 (en) 2004-07-23 2011-10-18 The Regents Of The University Of California Metamaterials
US20110257545A1 (en) 2010-04-20 2011-10-20 Suri Jasjit S Imaging based symptomatic classification and cardiovascular stroke risk score estimation
US20110264125A1 (en) 2010-02-26 2011-10-27 Wilson Fletcher T Systems and methods for endoluminal valve creation
US8050478B2 (en) 2008-03-05 2011-11-01 Shenzhen Mindray Bio-Medical Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for tissue border detection using ultrasonic diagnostic images
US8047996B2 (en) 2005-10-31 2011-11-01 Volcano Corporation System and method for reducing angular geometric distortion in an imaging device
US8050523B2 (en) 2007-04-20 2011-11-01 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Optical fiber shape sensing systems
US20110274329A1 (en) 2010-05-10 2011-11-10 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Processing of medical image data
US8057394B2 (en) 2007-06-30 2011-11-15 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Ultrasound image processing to render three-dimensional images from two-dimensional images
US20110282334A1 (en) 2010-05-11 2011-11-17 Ceramoptec Industries Inc. Device and method for fistula treatment
US8070800B2 (en) 2006-05-05 2011-12-06 Children's Medical Center Corporation Transcatheter heart valve prostheses
US20110301684A1 (en) 2010-06-08 2011-12-08 Svelte Medical Systems, Inc. System and method for performing angiography and stenting
US20110306995A1 (en) 2010-06-14 2011-12-15 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Material removal device and method of use
US8080800B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2011-12-20 Morpho Detection, Inc. Method and apparatus for image reconstruction for a synthetic aperture gamma ray imager
US20110319752A1 (en) 2008-11-18 2011-12-29 Sync-Rx, Ltd. Image super enhancement
US8088102B2 (en) 1998-03-05 2012-01-03 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Dilation and stent delivery system for bifurcation lesions
US20120004529A1 (en) 2007-03-08 2012-01-05 Sync-Rx, Ltd. Automatic display of previously-acquired endoluminal images
US20120004668A1 (en) 2004-03-05 2012-01-05 Hansen Medical, Inc. Robotic catheter system
WO2012003369A2 (en) 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 Muffin Incorporated Percutaneous, ultrasound-guided introduction of medical devices
US20120016395A1 (en) 2000-12-20 2012-01-19 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp High capacity debulking catheter with distal driven cutting wheel
US20120016344A1 (en) 2010-07-16 2012-01-19 Terumo Clinical Supply Co., Ltd. Aspiration catheter
US8100838B2 (en) 2007-11-15 2012-01-24 Wright-Ahn Technolgies, LLC Variable stiffness guidewire systems
US20120022360A1 (en) 2008-03-28 2012-01-26 Volcano Corporation Methods for intravascular imaging and flushing
US8104479B2 (en) 2005-06-23 2012-01-31 Volcano Corporation Pleated bag for interventional pullback systems
US20120026503A1 (en) 2009-04-03 2012-02-02 Exalos Ag Light source, and optical coherence tomography module
US20120029007A1 (en) 2008-09-19 2012-02-02 Graham Philip B Morphinan compounds
US8114102B2 (en) 2003-06-16 2012-02-14 St. Jude Medical Atg, Inc. Temporary hemostatic plug apparatus and method of use
US8126239B2 (en) 2006-10-20 2012-02-28 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Registering 2D and 3D data using 3D ultrasound data
US20120059368A1 (en) 2009-05-21 2012-03-08 Toray Industries, Inc. Ablation catheter with balloon and ablation catheter system with balloon
US20120059253A1 (en) 2010-06-29 2012-03-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and System for Image Based Device Tracking for Co-registration of Angiography and Intravascular Ultrasound Images
US8133199B2 (en) 2008-08-27 2012-03-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Electroactive polymer activation system for a medical device
US8133269B2 (en) 2007-05-16 2012-03-13 Gelita Ag Vascular stent
US20120065481A1 (en) 2002-11-19 2012-03-15 Medtronic Navigation, Inc. Navigation System for Cardiac Therapies
US20120062843A1 (en) 2006-05-01 2012-03-15 Ferguson R Daniel Hybrid Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Line Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope
US20120071838A1 (en) 2010-09-22 2012-03-22 Control Medical Technology, Llc Rapid exchange aspiration catheters with lumens configured for optimized flow
US20120071823A1 (en) 2010-09-22 2012-03-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Medical balloon having improved stability and strength
US20120075638A1 (en) 2010-08-02 2012-03-29 Case Western Reserve University Segmentation and quantification for intravascular optical coherence tomography images
US8148877B2 (en) 2007-10-26 2012-04-03 Trs Technologies, Inc. Micromachined piezoelectric ultrasound transducer arrays
US20120083696A1 (en) 2010-10-01 2012-04-05 Fujifilm Corporation Apparatus, method and medium storing program for reconstructing intra-tubular-structure image
US20120095372A1 (en) 2010-10-18 2012-04-19 CardioSonic Ltd. Ultrasound transducer
US20120095340A1 (en) 2010-10-13 2012-04-19 Volcano Corporation Intravascular Ultrasound Pigtail Catheter
US8167932B2 (en) 2005-10-18 2012-05-01 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Heart valve delivery system with valve catheter
US8172757B2 (en) 2007-06-18 2012-05-08 Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Methods and devices for image-guided manipulation or sensing or anatomic structures
US20120116353A1 (en) 1994-09-09 2012-05-10 Cardiofocus, Inc. Coaxial catheter instruments for ablation with radiant energy
US8177809B2 (en) 2008-09-04 2012-05-15 Curaseal Inc. Inflatable device for enteric fistula treatment
WO2012061935A1 (en) 2010-11-09 2012-05-18 Opsens Inc. Guidewire with internal pressure sensor
US20120130247A1 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-05-24 Volcano Corporation System and Method for Characterizing Tissue Based Upon Homomorphic Deconvolution of Backscattered Ultrasound
US20120130243A1 (en) 2010-11-24 2012-05-24 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Systems and methods for detecting and displaying body lumen bifurcations
US8187191B2 (en) 2009-01-08 2012-05-29 Volcano Corporation System and method for equalizing received intravascular ultrasound echo signals
US8187267B2 (en) 2007-05-23 2012-05-29 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Ablation catheter with flexible tip and methods of making the same
US8187830B2 (en) 2007-07-17 2012-05-29 Metabolon, Inc. Method for determining insulin sensitivity with biomarkers
WO2012071388A2 (en) 2010-11-27 2012-05-31 Securus Medical Group, Inc. Ablation and temperature measurement devices
US20120137075A1 (en) 2009-06-09 2012-05-31 Hyperion Core, Inc. System and Method for a Cache in a Multi-Core Processor
US8199218B2 (en) 2007-04-02 2012-06-12 Research In Motion Limited Camera with automatic fluorescent lighting mode
US20120158101A1 (en) 2006-10-18 2012-06-21 Vessix Vascular, Inc. System for inducing desirable temperature effects on body tissue
US20120155734A1 (en) 2009-08-07 2012-06-21 Ucl Business Plc Apparatus and method for registering two medical images
US8206429B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2012-06-26 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Adjustable bifurcation catheter incorporating electroactive polymer and methods of making and using the same
US20120162660A1 (en) 2007-07-12 2012-06-28 Volcano Corporation Automatic calibration systems and methods of use
US20120165661A1 (en) 2010-12-23 2012-06-28 Volcano Corporation Integrated system architectures and methods of use
US20120170848A1 (en) 2011-01-03 2012-07-05 Volcano Corporation Artifact management in rotational imaging
US20120172698A1 (en) 2010-12-30 2012-07-05 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Imaging system
US20120176607A1 (en) 2010-11-09 2012-07-12 Michael James Ott Testing of Optical Cable Using Optical Time Domain Reflectometry
US8222906B2 (en) 2008-06-19 2012-07-17 Paul Francis Wyar Adaptive pulse width time domain reflectometer
US20120184977A1 (en) 2011-01-18 2012-07-19 Safeback Re-Entry Medical Ltd. Device and Method for Crossing Occlusions
US20120184859A1 (en) 2011-01-14 2012-07-19 Pacesetter, Inc. Systems and methods for corroborating impedance-based left atrial pressure (lap) estimates for use by an implantable medical device
US20120184853A1 (en) 2006-06-23 2012-07-19 Volcano Corporation System and Method for Characterizing Tissue Based Upon Split Spectrum Analysis of Backscattered Ultrasound
WO2012098194A1 (en) 2011-01-21 2012-07-26 Carl Zeiss Meditec Ag Methods, systems and applications of variable imaging depth in fourier domain optical coherence tomography
US8238624B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2012-08-07 International Business Machines Corporation Hybrid medical image processing
US8239938B2 (en) 2008-12-08 2012-08-07 Nvidia Corporation Centralized device virtualization layer for heterogeneous processing units
WO2012109676A1 (en) 2011-02-11 2012-08-16 Arizona Board Of Regents For And On Behalf Of Arizona State University Methods, systems, and media for determining carotid intima-media thickness
US20120215094A1 (en) 2011-02-18 2012-08-23 Voxel Rad, Ltd. Systems and methods for 3d stereoscopic angiovision, angionavigation and angiotherapeutics
US20120220883A1 (en) 2008-09-11 2012-08-30 Acist Medical Systems, Inc. Physiological sensor delivery device and method
US20120220865A1 (en) 2010-12-31 2012-08-30 Volcano Corporation Pulmonary Embolism Diagnostic Devices and Associated Methods and Systems
US20120220836A1 (en) 2002-05-20 2012-08-30 Volcano Corporation Multipurpose Host System for Invasive Cardiovascular Diagnostic Measurement Acquisition and Display
US20120220851A1 (en) 2009-07-27 2012-08-30 Helmholtz Zentrum München Deutsches Forschungszentrum Für Gesundheit Und Umwelt (Gmbh) Imaging device and method for optoacoustic imaging of small animals
US20120224751A1 (en) 2007-07-12 2012-09-06 Volcano Corporation Automatic calibration systems and methods of use
US20120232400A1 (en) 2000-10-14 2012-09-13 Volcano Corporation Intravascular Ultrasonic Catheter Arrangements
US20120238956A1 (en) 2011-03-17 2012-09-20 Terumo Medical Corporation Microaccess Kit Comprising A Tapered Needle
US20120244043A1 (en) 2011-01-28 2012-09-27 Sean Leblanc Elastomeric gasket for fluid interface to a microfluidic chip
US8277386B2 (en) 2004-09-27 2012-10-02 Volcano Corporation Combination sensor guidewire and methods of use
US20120250028A1 (en) 2011-03-31 2012-10-04 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Optical Buffering Methods, Apparatus, and Systems for Increasing the Repetition Rate of Tunable Light Sources
WO2012130289A1 (en) 2011-03-29 2012-10-04 Brainlab Ag Processing of digital data, in particular medical data by a virtual machine
US20120253192A1 (en) 2009-11-24 2012-10-04 Regents Of The University Of Minnesota Methods and systems for chemical ablation
US20120253186A1 (en) 2011-03-28 2012-10-04 Simpson John B Occlusion-crossing devices, imaging, and atherectomy devices
US20120253276A1 (en) 2004-02-23 2012-10-04 Assaf Govari Robotically guided catheter
US20120257210A1 (en) 2011-03-24 2012-10-11 Axsun Technologies, Inc. Method and System for Avoiding Package Induced Failure in Swept Semiconductor Source
US20120265268A1 (en) 2010-06-14 2012-10-18 Boston Scientific Neuromodulation Corporation Programming interface for spinal cord neuromodulation
US20120265296A1 (en) 2006-11-07 2012-10-18 Dc Devices, Inc. Atrial pressure regulation with control, sensing, monitoring and therapy delivery
US20120262720A1 (en) 2010-10-06 2012-10-18 Brown William J Optical coherence tomography imaging system
US20120271170A1 (en) 2009-11-02 2012-10-25 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Catheter for intravascular ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging
US20120271339A1 (en) 2011-04-21 2012-10-25 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Balloon Catheter With Integrated Optical Sensor For Determining Balloon Diameter
US8298149B2 (en) 2009-03-31 2012-10-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Systems and methods for making and using a motor distally-positioned within a catheter of an intravascular ultrasound imaging system
US8301000B2 (en) 2009-01-27 2012-10-30 Draka Comteq, B.V. Single-mode optical fiber
US20120274338A1 (en) 2011-04-29 2012-11-01 International Business Machines Corporation High performance time domain reflectometry
US20120276390A1 (en) 2010-10-26 2012-11-01 Sabic Innovative Plastics Ip B.V. Laser direct structuring materials with all color capability
US20120277722A1 (en) 2011-04-29 2012-11-01 Martin Gerber Adaptive system for blood fluid removal
US20120283758A1 (en) 2011-01-11 2012-11-08 Arnold Miller Method and apparatus for treating varicose veins
US20120279764A1 (en) 2010-10-25 2012-11-08 Sabic Innovative Plastics Ip B.V. Electroless plating performance of laser direct structuring materials
US8309428B2 (en) 2004-09-15 2012-11-13 Sonetics Ultrasound, Inc. Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer
WO2012155040A1 (en) 2011-05-11 2012-11-15 Acist Medical Systems, Inc. Intravascular sensing method and system
US20120289987A1 (en) 2011-04-20 2012-11-15 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Systems and methods for endoluminal valve creation
WO2012154767A2 (en) 2011-05-12 2012-11-15 William Beaumont Hospital Catheter placement detection system and method for surgical procedures
US20120299439A1 (en) 2005-05-18 2012-11-29 Kolo Technologies, Inc. Micro-electro-mechanical transducers
US8323201B2 (en) 2007-08-06 2012-12-04 Orison Corporation System and method for three-dimensional ultrasound imaging
US20120310081A1 (en) 2011-05-31 2012-12-06 Lightlab Imaging, Inc. Multimodal Imaging System, Apparatus, and Methods
US20120310332A1 (en) 2011-05-12 2012-12-06 Medtronic, Inc. Delivery Catheter System With Micro and Macro Movement Control
US8329053B2 (en) 2009-11-23 2012-12-11 Avago Technologies Wireless Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Micromachined transducers and method of fabrication
US20120319535A1 (en) 2010-01-29 2012-12-20 Research Triangle Institute Methods for forming piezoelectric ultrasonic transducers, and associated apparatuses
US20120323127A1 (en) 2007-12-18 2012-12-20 Searete Llc System, Devices, and Methods For Detecting Occlusions In A Biological Subject
US8336643B2 (en) 2010-08-13 2012-12-25 Ronald Harleman Vibratory drilling apparatus
US8349000B2 (en) 2000-04-06 2013-01-08 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Minimally-invasive heart valves
US8353954B2 (en) 2006-12-19 2013-01-15 St. Jude Medical, Inc. Prosthetic heart valve including stent structure and tissue leaflets, and related methods
US8353945B2 (en) 2001-12-03 2013-01-15 J.W. Medical System Ltd. Delivery catheter having active engagement mechanism for prosthesis
US20130015975A1 (en) 2011-04-08 2013-01-17 Volcano Corporation Distributed Medical Sensing System and Method
US8357981B2 (en) 2010-05-28 2013-01-22 Avago Technologies Wireless Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Transducer devices having different frequencies based on layer thicknesses and method of fabricating the same
US8361097B2 (en) 2008-04-23 2013-01-29 Avinger, Inc. Catheter system and method for boring through blocked vascular passages
US20130030410A1 (en) 2010-11-23 2013-01-31 William Joseph Drasler Venous heated ablation catheter
US20130026655A1 (en) 2011-07-25 2013-01-31 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Chip package structure and method of manufacturing the same
US8386560B2 (en) 2008-09-08 2013-02-26 Microsoft Corporation Pipeline for network based server-side 3D image rendering
US20130053949A1 (en) 2008-12-19 2013-02-28 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Quick-connect prosthetic heart valve and methods
WO2013033489A1 (en) 2011-08-31 2013-03-07 Volcano Corporation Optical rotary joint and methods of use
WO2013033490A1 (en) 2011-08-31 2013-03-07 Volcano Corporation Rotational imaging systems with stabilizers
WO2013033418A1 (en) 2011-08-31 2013-03-07 Volcano Corporation Integrated system architectures
WO2013033414A1 (en) 2011-08-31 2013-03-07 Volcano Corporation Variable scan conversion systems and methods of use
US8398591B2 (en) 2008-04-23 2013-03-19 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Aspiration catheter having variable volume distal suction chamber
US20130085378A1 (en) * 2009-03-04 2013-04-04 Imricor Medical Systems, Inc. Combined field location and mri tracking
US8417491B2 (en) 2005-10-11 2013-04-09 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 3D tool path planning, simulation and control system
US20130109959A1 (en) 2011-11-01 2013-05-02 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. System for Detecting Rotation Angle of a Catheter in an X-ray Image
US8449465B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2013-05-28 Cleveland Clinic Foundation System and method for characterizing vascular tissue
US20130137980A1 (en) 2011-11-28 2013-05-30 Acist Medical Systems Inc. Catheters for imaging and ablating tissue
US8454686B2 (en) 2007-09-28 2013-06-04 St. Jude Medical, Inc. Two-stage collapsible/expandable prosthetic heart valves and anchoring systems
US8454685B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2013-06-04 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Low profile transcatheter heart valve
US20130150716A1 (en) 2011-12-08 2013-06-13 Volcano Corporation Devices, Systems, and Methods for Visualizing an Occluded Vessel
US20130158594A1 (en) 2011-06-17 2013-06-20 Curaseal Inc. Fistula treatment devices and methods
US8475522B2 (en) 2009-07-14 2013-07-02 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Transapical delivery system for heart valves
US8486063B2 (en) 2004-10-14 2013-07-16 Medtronic Ablation Frontiers Llc Ablation catheter
US8486062B2 (en) 2004-05-27 2013-07-16 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Curved ablation catheter
US8500798B2 (en) 2005-05-24 2013-08-06 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Rapid deployment prosthetic heart valve
US20130218201A1 (en) 2012-02-17 2013-08-22 Cook Biotech Incorporated Methods and systems for treating complex fistulae
US20130218267A1 (en) 2007-09-26 2013-08-22 St. Jude Medical, Inc. Collapsible prosthetic heart valves
US20130223789A1 (en) 2012-02-23 2013-08-29 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd. Optical bench on substrate
US8550911B2 (en) 2006-08-14 2013-10-08 Wms Gaming Inc. Applying graphical characteristics to graphical objects in a wagering game machine
US20130296704A1 (en) 2005-02-08 2013-11-07 Volcano Corporation Apparatus and Methods for Low-Cost Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging and for Crossing Severe Vascular Occlusions
US20130303907A1 (en) 2012-05-11 2013-11-14 Volcano Corporation Device and System For Imaging and Blood Flow Velocity Measurement
US20130303920A1 (en) 2012-05-11 2013-11-14 Volcano Corporation Ultrasound Catheter For Imaging And Blood Flow Measurement
US8594757B2 (en) * 2009-11-18 2013-11-26 The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Illinois Apparatus for biomedical imaging
US8601056B2 (en) 2010-03-09 2013-12-03 Avistar Communications Corporation Scalable high-performance interactive real-time media architectures for virtual desktop environments
US8600917B1 (en) 2011-04-18 2013-12-03 The Boeing Company Coupling time evolution model with empirical regression model to estimate mechanical wear
US8597349B2 (en) 2007-11-05 2013-12-03 St. Jude Medical, Inc. Collapsible/expandable prosthetic heart valves with non-expanding stent posts and retrieval features
US8600477B2 (en) 2004-08-16 2013-12-03 Corinduc, Inc. Image-guided navigation for catheter-based interventions
US20130331820A1 (en) 2010-03-12 2013-12-12 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Catheter with spiral slit terminating in slit termination portion oriented to suppress crack occurrence
US20130338766A1 (en) 2012-06-19 2013-12-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Replacement Heart Valve
US8644910B2 (en) * 2005-07-19 2014-02-04 Biosensors International Group, Ltd. Imaging protocols
US20140039294A1 (en) 2012-07-31 2014-02-06 Yuan Jiang Catheter with ultrasound sensor and method for creating a volume graphic by means of the catheter
US20140180128A1 (en) 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 Volcano Corporation Focused Rotational IVUS Transducer Using Single Crystal Composite Material
US20140180067A1 (en) 2012-12-20 2014-06-26 Volcano Corporation Implant delivery system and implants
US20140200438A1 (en) 2012-12-21 2014-07-17 Volcano Corporation Intraluminal imaging system
WO2014109879A1 (en) 2013-01-08 2014-07-17 Volcano Corporation Method for focused acoustic computed tomography (fact)

Patent Citations (1084)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6179809B2 (en)
US3301258A (en) 1963-10-03 1967-01-31 Medtronic Inc Method and apparatus for treating varicose veins
US3617880A (en) 1970-05-15 1971-11-02 Northern Electric Co Time domain reflectometer
US3789841A (en) 1971-09-15 1974-02-05 Becton Dickinson Co Disposable guide wire
US4140364A (en) 1973-06-23 1979-02-20 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Variable field optical system for endoscopes
US3841308A (en) 1973-10-15 1974-10-15 Medical Evaluation Devices & I Distally valved catheter device
US4274423A (en) 1977-12-15 1981-06-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho Catheter tip pressure transducer
US4344438A (en) 1978-08-02 1982-08-17 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health, Education And Welfare Optical sensor of plasma constituents
US4398791A (en) 1981-02-09 1983-08-16 Litton Systems, Inc. Single channel optical slip ring
US4432370A (en) 1981-10-14 1984-02-21 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Method and means for minimally invasive angiography using mono-chromatized synchrotron radiation
US5041108A (en) 1981-12-11 1991-08-20 Pillco Limited Partnership Method for laser treatment of body lumens
US4816567A (en) 1983-04-08 1989-03-28 Genentech, Inc. Recombinant immunoglobin preparations
US4864578A (en) 1983-04-12 1989-09-05 Coherent, Inc. Scannable laser with integral wavemeter
US4577543A (en) 1983-08-18 1986-03-25 American Hospital Supply Corporation Construction of a monolithic reinforced catheter with flexible portions
US4552554A (en) 1984-06-25 1985-11-12 Medi-Tech Incorporated Introducing catheter
US4744619A (en) 1984-07-13 1988-05-17 British Telecommunications Public Limited Company Connecting and aligning optical fibres and waveguides
US4762129B1 (en) 1984-11-23 1991-07-02 Tassilo Bonzel
US4762129A (en) 1984-11-23 1988-08-09 Tassilo Bonzel Dilatation catheter
US5188632A (en) 1984-12-07 1993-02-23 Advanced Interventional Systems, Inc. Guidance and delivery system for high-energy pulsed laser light
US4682895A (en) 1985-08-06 1987-07-28 Texas A&M University Fiber optic probe for quantification of colorimetric reactions
US4676980A (en) 1985-09-23 1987-06-30 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Department Of Health And Human Services Target specific cross-linked heteroantibodies
US4733665C2 (en) 1985-11-07 2002-01-29 Expandable Grafts Partnership Expandable intraluminal graft and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft
US4733665B1 (en) 1985-11-07 1994-01-11 Expandable Grafts Partnership Expandable intraluminal graft,and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft
US4733665A (en) 1985-11-07 1988-03-29 Expandable Grafts Partnership Expandable intraluminal graft, and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft
US4834093A (en) 1986-02-03 1989-05-30 Littleford Phillip O Dilation catheter and method
US4803639A (en) 1986-02-25 1989-02-07 General Electric Company X-ray inspection system
US4794931A (en) 1986-02-28 1989-01-03 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Catheter apparatus, system and method for intravascular two-dimensional ultrasonography
US4771774A (en) 1986-02-28 1988-09-20 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Motor drive unit
US5313949A (en) 1986-02-28 1994-05-24 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems Incorporated Method and apparatus for intravascular two-dimensional ultrasonography
US5000185A (en) 1986-02-28 1991-03-19 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Method for intravascular two-dimensional ultrasonography and recanalization
US4821731A (en) 1986-04-25 1989-04-18 Intra-Sonix, Inc. Acoustic image system and method
US4766386A (en) 1986-05-23 1988-08-23 Cabletron Time domain reflectometer for measuring impedance discontinuities on a powered transmission line
US4800886A (en) 1986-07-14 1989-01-31 C. R. Bard, Inc. Sensor for measuring the concentration of a gaseous component in a fluid by absorption
US4887606A (en) 1986-09-18 1989-12-19 Yock Paul G Apparatus for use in cannulation of blood vessels
US4873690A (en) 1986-12-15 1989-10-10 British Telecommunications Public Limited Company Optical switch
US5163445A (en) 1987-04-10 1992-11-17 Cardiometrics, Inc. Apparatus, system and method for measuring spatial average velocity and/or volumetric flow of blood in a vessel and screw joint for use therewith
US5174295A (en) 1987-04-10 1992-12-29 Cardiometrics, Inc. Apparatus, system and method for measuring spatial average velocity and/or volumetric flow of blood in a vessel and screw joint for use therewith
US4824435A (en) 1987-05-18 1989-04-25 Thomas J. Fogarty Instrument guidance system
US4877314A (en) 1987-05-25 1989-10-31 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscopes
US4841977A (en) 1987-05-26 1989-06-27 Inter Therapy, Inc. Ultra-thin acoustic transducer and balloon catheter using same in imaging array subassembly
US4917097A (en) 1987-10-27 1990-04-17 Endosonics Corporation Apparatus and method for imaging small cavities
US4819740A (en) 1987-11-16 1989-04-11 Vulcan Iron Works Inc. Vibratory hammer/extractor
US4830023A (en) 1987-11-27 1989-05-16 Medi-Tech, Incorporated Medical guidewire
US4917085A (en) 1987-12-14 1990-04-17 Cordis Corporation Drive cutting catheter having new and improved drive motor
US4948229A (en) 1988-03-18 1990-08-14 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Optical switches using ferroelectric liquid crystals
US4932419A (en) 1988-03-21 1990-06-12 Boston Scientific Corporation Multi-filar, cross-wound coil for medical devices
US6165127A (en) 1988-03-21 2000-12-26 Boston Scientific Corporation Acoustic imaging catheter and the like
US20020099289A1 (en) 1988-03-21 2002-07-25 Crowley Robert J. Medical imaging device
US4951677A (en) 1988-03-21 1990-08-28 Prutech Research And Development Partnership Ii Acoustic imaging catheter and the like
US5421338A (en) 1988-03-21 1995-06-06 Boston Scientific Corporation Acoustic imaging catheter and the like
US4998972A (en) 1988-04-28 1991-03-12 Thomas J. Fogarty Real time angioscopy imaging system
US4987412A (en) 1988-08-25 1991-01-22 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Method and apparatus for the simultaneous display and correlation of independently generated images
US5240437A (en) 1988-11-02 1993-08-31 Cardiometrics, Inc. Torqueable guide wire assembly with electrical functions, male and female connectors for use therewith and system and apparatus for utilizing the same
US5178159A (en) 1988-11-02 1993-01-12 Cardiometrics, Inc. Torqueable guide wire assembly with electrical functions, male and female connectors rotatable with respect to one another
US5065769A (en) 1988-11-23 1991-11-19 Boston Scientific Corporation Small diameter guidewires of multi-filar, cross-wound coils
US5431673A (en) 1989-02-17 1995-07-11 American Biomed, Inc. Distal atherectomy catheter
US4928693A (en) 1989-03-13 1990-05-29 Schneider (Usa), Inc. Pressure monitor catheter
US4932413A (en) 1989-03-13 1990-06-12 Schneider (Usa), Inc. Guidewire exchange catheter
US5203779A (en) 1989-03-17 1993-04-20 Schott Glaswerke Catheter system for vessel recanalization in the human body
US5120308A (en) 1989-05-03 1992-06-09 Progressive Angioplasty Systems, Inc. Catheter with high tactile guide wire
US5040548A (en) 1989-06-01 1991-08-20 Yock Paul G Angioplasty mehtod
US4969742A (en) 1989-06-27 1990-11-13 The Boeing Company Integrated optic wavemeter
WO1991001156A1 (en) 1989-07-20 1991-02-07 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Improved guide wire systems for intravascular catheters
US4993412A (en) 1989-08-02 1991-02-19 Eclipse Surgical Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for removal of obstructive substance from body channels
US5312425A (en) 1989-09-12 1994-05-17 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Atherectomy device having helical blade and blade guide
US5240003A (en) 1989-10-16 1993-08-31 Du-Med B.V. Ultrasonic instrument with a micro motor having stator coils on a flexible circuit board
US5176141A (en) 1989-10-16 1993-01-05 Du-Med B.V. Disposable intra-luminal ultrasonic instrument
US5024234A (en) 1989-10-17 1991-06-18 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Ultrasonic imaging catheter with guidewire channel
US5025445A (en) 1989-11-22 1991-06-18 Cymer Laser Technologies System for, and method of, regulating the wavelength of a light beam
US5155439A (en) 1989-12-12 1992-10-13 Tektronix, Inc. Method of detecting and characterizing anomalies in a propagative medium
US5135516A (en) 1989-12-15 1992-08-04 Boston Scientific Corporation Lubricious antithrombogenic catheters, guidewires and coatings
US5032123A (en) 1989-12-28 1991-07-16 Cordis Corporation Laser catheter with radially divergent treatment beam
US5313957A (en) 1990-01-05 1994-05-24 Medamicus, Inc. Guide wire mounted pressure transducer
US5358478A (en) 1990-02-02 1994-10-25 Ep Technologies, Inc. Catheter steering assembly providing asymmetric left and right curve configurations
US5396328A (en) 1990-02-09 1995-03-07 Dr. Johannes Heidenhain Gmbh Waveguide type displacement interferometer having two reference paths
US5037169A (en) 1990-02-20 1991-08-06 Unisys Corporation High speed low loss optical switch for optical communication systems
US5176674A (en) 1990-03-05 1993-01-05 Schneider (Europe) Ag Angioplasty light guide catheter for the removal of stenoses using laser light energy
US5039193A (en) 1990-04-03 1991-08-13 Focal Technologies Incorporated Fibre optic single mode rotary joint
US5158548A (en) 1990-04-25 1992-10-27 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Method and system for stent delivery
US5095911A (en) 1990-05-18 1992-03-17 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Guidewire with imaging capability
US5100424A (en) 1990-05-21 1992-03-31 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Intravascular catheter having combined imaging abrasion head
US5674232A (en) 1990-06-05 1997-10-07 Halliburton; Alexander George Catheter and method of use thereof
US5085221A (en) 1990-06-14 1992-02-04 Interspec, Inc. Ultrasonic imaging probe
US5529674A (en) 1990-07-10 1996-06-25 Telic Technologies Corporation Cylindrical hollow cathode/magnetron sputtering system and components thereof
US5660180A (en) 1990-07-13 1997-08-26 Coraje, Inc. Intravascular ultrasound imaging guidewire
US5546948A (en) 1990-08-21 1996-08-20 Boston Scientific Corporation Ultrasound imaging guidewire
US5065010A (en) 1990-08-30 1991-11-12 Camino Laboratories Fiber optic measurement system having a reference conductor for controlling the energy level of the light source
US5135486A (en) 1990-08-31 1992-08-04 Endosonics Corporation Self-venting balloon dilitation catheter
US5125137A (en) 1990-09-06 1992-06-30 Cardiometrics, Inc. Method for providing a miniature ultrasound high efficiency transducer assembly
US5375602A (en) 1990-10-02 1994-12-27 Du-Med, B.V. Ultrasonic instrument with a micro motor
US5266302A (en) 1990-10-03 1993-11-30 Peyman Gholam A Method of performing angiography
US5346689A (en) 1990-10-03 1994-09-13 Peyman Gholam A Method of performing angiography
US5242460A (en) 1990-10-25 1993-09-07 Devices For Vascular Intervention, Inc. Atherectomy catheter having axially-disposed cutting edge
US5202745A (en) 1990-11-07 1993-04-13 Hewlett-Packard Company Polarization independent optical coherence-domain reflectometry
US5054492A (en) 1990-12-17 1991-10-08 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Ultrasonic imaging catheter having rotational image correlation
US5997523A (en) 1990-12-17 1999-12-07 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Vascular catheter having low-profile distal end
US5167233A (en) 1991-01-07 1992-12-01 Endosonics Corporation Dilating and imaging apparatus
US5267954A (en) 1991-01-11 1993-12-07 Baxter International Inc. Ultra-sound catheter for removing obstructions from tubular anatomical structures such as blood vessels
US5353798A (en) 1991-03-13 1994-10-11 Scimed Life Systems, Incorporated Intravascular imaging apparatus and methods for use and manufacture
US5243988A (en) 1991-03-13 1993-09-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular imaging apparatus and methods for use and manufacture
US5201316A (en) 1991-03-18 1993-04-13 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Guide wire receptacle for catheters having rigid housings
WO1992016865A1 (en) 1991-03-22 1992-10-01 Hicks John W Multifiber endoscope with multiple scanning modes to produce an image free of fixed pattern noise
US5693015A (en) 1991-04-24 1997-12-02 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Exchangeable integrated-wire balloon catheter
US5321501A (en) 1991-04-29 1994-06-14 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for optical imaging with means for controlling the longitudinal range of the sample
US6134003A (en) 1991-04-29 2000-10-17 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for performing optical measurements using a fiber optic imaging guidewire, catheter or endoscope
US5459570A (en) 1991-04-29 1995-10-17 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for performing optical measurements
US6501551B1 (en) 1991-04-29 2002-12-31 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Fiber optic imaging endoscope interferometer with at least one faraday rotator
US6421164B2 (en) 1991-04-29 2002-07-16 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Interferometeric imaging with a grating based phase control optical delay line
US6022319A (en) 1991-05-23 2000-02-08 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular device such as introducer sheath or balloon catheter or the like and methods for use thereof
US5319492A (en) 1991-05-23 1994-06-07 Alcatel N.V. Optical switch
US5183048A (en) 1991-06-24 1993-02-02 Endosonics Corporation Method and apparatus for removing artifacts from an ultrasonically generated image of a small cavity
US5630806A (en) 1991-08-13 1997-05-20 Hudson International Conductors Spiral wrapped medical tubing
US5573520A (en) 1991-09-05 1996-11-12 Mayo Foundation For Medical Education And Research Flexible tubular device for use in medical applications
US5377682A (en) 1991-09-05 1995-01-03 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Ultrasonic probe for transmission and reception of ultrasonic wave and ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus including ultrasonic probe
US5480388A (en) 1991-09-13 1996-01-02 Zadini; Filiberto P. Semi-automatic cannulation device
WO1993006213A1 (en) 1991-09-23 1993-04-01 Medical Research Council Production of chimeric antibodies - a combinatorial approach
US5565332A (en) 1991-09-23 1996-10-15 Medical Research Council Production of chimeric antibodies - a combinatorial approach
US6387124B1 (en) 1991-10-04 2002-05-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Biodegradable drug delivery vascular stent
WO1993008829A1 (en) 1991-11-04 1993-05-13 The Regents Of The University Of California Compositions that mediate killing of hiv-infected cells
US5596079A (en) 1991-12-16 1997-01-21 Smith; James R. Mimetics of senescent cell derived inhibitors of DNA synthesis
US20030228039A1 (en) 1992-01-21 2003-12-11 Sri International, Inc. Method and apparatus for transforming coordinate systems in a telemanipulation system
US5301001A (en) 1992-02-12 1994-04-05 Center For Innovative Technology Extrinsic fiber optic displacement sensors and displacement sensing systems
US5405377A (en) 1992-02-21 1995-04-11 Endotech Ltd. Intraluminal stent
US5220922A (en) 1992-03-05 1993-06-22 Barany Laszlo P Ultrasonic non-contact motion monitoring system
US5226421A (en) 1992-03-06 1993-07-13 Cardiometrics, Inc. Doppler elongate flexible member having an inflatable balloon mounted thereon
US5224953A (en) 1992-05-01 1993-07-06 The Beth Israel Hospital Association Method for treatment of obstructive portions of urinary passageways
US5373845A (en) 1992-05-22 1994-12-20 Echo Cath, Ltd. Apparatus and method for forward looking volume imaging
US5514128A (en) 1992-08-18 1996-05-07 Spectranetics Corporation Fiber optic guide wire and support catheter therefor
US5257974A (en) 1992-08-19 1993-11-02 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Performance enhancement adaptor for intravascular balloon catheter
US5456693A (en) 1992-09-21 1995-10-10 Vitaphore Corporation Embolization plugs for blood vessels
US6379352B1 (en) 1992-09-29 2002-04-30 Ep Technologies, Inc. Large surface cardiac ablation catherter that assumes a low profile during introduction into the heart
US5336178A (en) 1992-11-02 1994-08-09 Localmed, Inc. Intravascular catheter with infusion array
US5667521A (en) 1992-11-12 1997-09-16 Medtronic, Inc. Rapid exchange catheter
US5383853A (en) 1992-11-12 1995-01-24 Medtronic, Inc. Rapid exchange catheter
US5348017A (en) 1993-01-19 1994-09-20 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Drive shaft for an intravascular catheter system
US5373849A (en) 1993-01-19 1994-12-20 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Forward viewing imaging catheter
US5453575A (en) 1993-02-01 1995-09-26 Endosonics Corporation Apparatus and method for detecting blood flow in intravascular ultrasonic imaging
US6123673A (en) 1993-02-01 2000-09-26 Endosonics Corporation Method of making an ultrasound transducer assembly
US5368037A (en) 1993-02-01 1994-11-29 Endosonics Corporation Ultrasound catheter
US5609606A (en) 1993-02-05 1997-03-11 Joe W. & Dorothy Dorsett Brown Foundation Ultrasonic angioplasty balloon catheter
US5325198A (en) 1993-03-31 1994-06-28 General Electric Company Unitary transform methods of identifying defects in imaging devices
US5873835A (en) 1993-04-29 1999-02-23 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular pressure and flow sensor
US5713848A (en) 1993-05-19 1998-02-03 Dubrul; Will R. Vibrating catheter
GB2280261A (en) 1993-06-30 1995-01-25 Ando Electric Optical wavemeter
US20020197456A1 (en) 1993-06-30 2002-12-26 Pope Edward J. A. Integrated electro-luminescent biochip
US5581638A (en) 1993-07-26 1996-12-03 E-Systems, Inc. Method for autonomous image registration
US5358409A (en) 1993-08-31 1994-10-25 Cardiometrics, Inc. Rotary connector for flexible elongate member having electrical properties
US5348481A (en) 1993-09-29 1994-09-20 Cardiometrics, Inc. Rotary connector for use with small diameter flexible elongate member having electrical capabilities
US5423806A (en) 1993-10-01 1995-06-13 Medtronic, Inc. Laser extractor for an implanted object
US5427118A (en) 1993-10-04 1995-06-27 Baxter International Inc. Ultrasonic guidewire
US5541730A (en) 1993-10-05 1996-07-30 Renishaw Plc Interferometric measuring apparatus for making absolute measurements of distance or refractive index
US5974521A (en) 1993-12-12 1999-10-26 Neomagic Israel Ltd. Apparatus and method for signal processing
US5496997A (en) 1994-01-03 1996-03-05 Pope; Edward J. A. Sensor incorporating an optical fiber and a solid porous inorganic microsphere
US5439139A (en) 1994-01-31 1995-08-08 Lanard Toys Limited Toy water gun
US5820594A (en) 1994-01-31 1998-10-13 Cordis Corporation Balloon catheter
US5387193A (en) 1994-02-09 1995-02-07 Baxter International Inc. Balloon dilation catheter with hypotube
US5411016A (en) 1994-02-22 1995-05-02 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular balloon catheter for use in combination with an angioscope
US5443457A (en) 1994-02-24 1995-08-22 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Incorporated Tracking tip for a short lumen rapid exchange catheter
US5419777A (en) 1994-03-10 1995-05-30 Bavaria Medizin Technologie Gmbh Catheter for injecting a fluid or medicine
US5546717A (en) 1994-04-20 1996-08-20 Walker Systems, Inc. Access floor trench raceway
US6139510A (en) 1994-05-11 2000-10-31 Target Therapeutics Inc. Super elastic alloy guidewire
US5436759A (en) 1994-06-14 1995-07-25 The Regents Of The University Of California Cross-talk free, low-noise optical amplifier
US5586054A (en) 1994-07-08 1996-12-17 Fluke Corporation time-domain reflectometer for testing coaxial cables
US5397355A (en) 1994-07-19 1995-03-14 Stentco, Inc. Intraluminal stent
US6106476A (en) 1994-09-02 2000-08-22 Endosonics Corporation Ultra miniature pressure sensor and guide wire using the same and method
US20030018273A1 (en) 1994-09-02 2003-01-23 Jomed Inc. Guidewire with pressure and temperature sensing capabilities
US20120116353A1 (en) 1994-09-09 2012-05-10 Cardiofocus, Inc. Coaxial catheter instruments for ablation with radiant energy
US5651366A (en) 1994-09-19 1997-07-29 Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Forward viewing ultrasonic imaging catheter
US5667499A (en) 1994-10-04 1997-09-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Guide catheter unibody
US5507761A (en) 1994-10-11 1996-04-16 Duer; Edward Y. Embolic cutting catheter
US5512044A (en) 1994-10-11 1996-04-30 Duer; Edward Y. Embolic cutting catheter
US5492125A (en) 1995-02-10 1996-02-20 University Of Washington Ultrasound signal processing apparatus
US6176842B1 (en) 1995-03-08 2001-01-23 Ekos Corporation Ultrasound assembly for use with light activated drugs
US5485845A (en) 1995-05-04 1996-01-23 Hewlett Packard Company Rotary encoder for intravascular ultrasound catheter
US5824520A (en) 1995-05-09 1998-10-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health And Human Services Phage-display of immunoglobulin heavy chain libraries for identification of inhibitors of intracellular constituents
US5592939A (en) 1995-06-14 1997-01-14 Martinelli; Michael A. Method and system for navigating a catheter probe
US6059738A (en) 1995-06-30 2000-05-09 Meadox Medicals, Inc. Guidewire having a coated tip
US6036889A (en) 1995-07-12 2000-03-14 Parelec, Inc. Electrical conductors formed from mixtures of metal powders and metallo-organic decomposition compounds
US5882722A (en) 1995-07-12 1999-03-16 Partnerships Limited, Inc. Electrical conductors formed from mixtures of metal powders and metallo-organic decompositions compounds
US5598844A (en) 1995-08-03 1997-02-04 Cordis Corporation Device for flushing a guidewire receiving lumen of a monorail or rapid exchange catheter
US6746464B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2004-06-08 Transvascular, Inc. Device, system and method for interstitial transvascular intervention
US6660024B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2003-12-09 Transvascular, Inc. Tissue penetrating catheters having integral imaging transducers and their methods of use
US6159225A (en) 1995-10-13 2000-12-12 Transvascular, Inc. Device for interstitial transvascular intervention and revascularization
US6190353B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2001-02-20 Transvascular, Inc. Methods and apparatus for bypassing arterial obstructions and/or performing other transvascular procedures
US5830222A (en) 1995-10-13 1998-11-03 Transvascular, Inc. Device, system and method for intersititial transvascular intervention
US6726677B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2004-04-27 Transvascular, Inc. Stabilized tissue penetrating catheters
US6375615B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2002-04-23 Transvascular, Inc. Tissue penetrating catheters having integral imaging transducers and their methods of use
US6655386B1 (en) 1995-10-13 2003-12-02 Transvascular, Inc. Transluminal method for bypassing arterial obstructions
US6068638A (en) 1995-10-13 2000-05-30 Transvascular, Inc. Device, system and method for interstitial transvascular intervention
US5780958A (en) 1995-11-03 1998-07-14 Aura Systems, Inc. Piezoelectric vibrating device
US5803083A (en) 1995-11-09 1998-09-08 Cordis Corporation Guiding catheter with ultrasound imaging capability
US7044964B2 (en) 1995-11-13 2006-05-16 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Catheter system having imaging, balloon angioplasty, and stent deployment capabilities, and method of use for guided stent deployment
US6074362A (en) 1995-11-13 2000-06-13 Cardiovascular Imaging Systems, Inc. Catheter system having imaging, balloon angioplasty, and stent deployment capabilities, and methods of use for guided stent deployment
US7846101B2 (en) 1995-12-26 2010-12-07 Volcano Corporation High resolution intravascular ultrasound transducer assembly having a flexible substrate
US5814061A (en) 1996-01-18 1998-09-29 Cook Incorporated Rapid exchange stent delivery balloon catheter
US6031071A (en) 1996-01-24 2000-02-29 Biophage, Inc. Methods of generating novel peptides
US6579311B1 (en) 1996-02-02 2003-06-17 Transvascular, Inc. Method for interstitial transvascular intervention
US6709444B1 (en) 1996-02-02 2004-03-23 Transvascular, Inc. Methods for bypassing total or near-total obstructions in arteries or other anatomical conduits
US5771895A (en) 1996-02-12 1998-06-30 Slager; Cornelis J. Catheter for obtaining three-dimensional reconstruction of a vascular lumen and wall
US5798521A (en) 1996-02-27 1998-08-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Apparatus and method for measuring strain in bragg gratings
US7387636B2 (en) 1996-03-15 2008-06-17 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Catheter apparatus and methodology for generating a fistula on-demand between closely associated blood vessels at a pre-chosen anatomic site in-vivo
US5672877A (en) 1996-03-27 1997-09-30 Adac Laboratories Coregistration of multi-modality data in a medical imaging system
US5872829A (en) 1996-04-19 1999-02-16 U.S. Philips Corporation Method for the detection and correction of image distortions in medical imaging
US6245066B1 (en) 1996-05-11 2001-06-12 C. R. Bard, Inc. Ablation catheter
US5851464A (en) 1996-05-13 1998-12-22 Cordis Corporation Method of making a fuseless soft tip catheter
US5951586A (en) 1996-05-15 1999-09-14 Medtronic, Inc. Intraluminal stent
US5916194A (en) 1996-05-24 1999-06-29 Sarcos, Inc. Catheter/guide wire steering apparatus and method
US6283921B1 (en) 1996-07-11 2001-09-04 Intravascular Research Limited Ultrasonic visualization and catheters therefor
US5745634A (en) 1996-07-24 1998-04-28 Jds Fitel Inc. Voltage controlled attenuator
US20060293597A1 (en) 1996-08-29 2006-12-28 Techniscan, Inc. Apparatus and method for imaging objects with wavefields
US5912764A (en) 1996-09-18 1999-06-15 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope optical system and image pickup apparatus
US5827313A (en) 1996-09-27 1998-10-27 Boston Scientific Corporation Device for controlled longitudinal movement of an operative element within a catheter sheath and method
US5817025A (en) 1996-09-30 1998-10-06 Alekseev; Sergei Grigorevich Method for diagnosing malignancy diseases
US5800450A (en) 1996-10-03 1998-09-01 Interventional Technologies Inc. Neovascularization catheter
US20050182297A1 (en) 1996-10-04 2005-08-18 Dietrich Gravenstein Imaging scope
US6733474B2 (en) 1996-10-10 2004-05-11 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter for tissue dilatation and drug delivery
US6283951B1 (en) 1996-10-11 2001-09-04 Transvascular, Inc. Systems and methods for delivering drugs to selected locations within the body
US6685648B2 (en) 1996-10-11 2004-02-03 Transvascular, Inc. Systems and methods for delivering drugs to selected locations within the body
US5848121A (en) 1996-10-28 1998-12-08 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for digital subtraction angiography
US20090326634A1 (en) 1996-11-04 2009-12-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Methods for deploying stents in bifurcations
US5949929A (en) 1996-11-25 1999-09-07 Boston Scientific Corporation Rotatably connecting optical fibers
US5779731A (en) 1996-12-20 1998-07-14 Cordis Corporation Balloon catheter having dual markers and method
US5857974A (en) 1997-01-08 1999-01-12 Endosonics Corporation High resolution intravascular ultrasound transducer assembly having a flexible substrate
US6141089A (en) 1997-01-16 2000-10-31 Hewlett-Packard Company Optical time domain reflectometer for measurements in optical networks with currently applied traffic signals
US6091496A (en) 1997-01-28 2000-07-18 Zetetic Institute Multiple layer, multiple track optical disk access by confocal interference microscopy using wavenumber domain reflectometry and background amplitude reduction and compensation
US6480285B1 (en) 1997-01-28 2002-11-12 Zetetic Institute Multiple layer confocal interference microscopy using wavenumber domain reflectometry and background amplitude reduction and compensation
US6375628B1 (en) 1997-03-06 2002-04-23 Medtronic Percusurge, Inc. Hollow medical wires and methods of constructing same
WO1998038907A1 (en) 1997-03-06 1998-09-11 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Instrument for optically scanning of living tissue
US5921931A (en) 1997-04-08 1999-07-13 Endosonics Corporation Method and apparatus for creating a color blood flow image based upon ultrasonic echo signals received by an intravascular ultrasound imaging probe
US6043883A (en) 1997-05-02 2000-03-28 Hewlet-Packard Company Wavemeter and an arrangement for the adjustment of the wavelength of the signals of an optical source
US5976120A (en) 1997-05-05 1999-11-02 Micro Therapeutics, Inc. Single segment microcatheter
US20030023153A1 (en) 1997-06-02 2003-01-30 Joseph A. Izatt Doppler flow imaging using optical coherence tomography
US6208415B1 (en) 1997-06-12 2001-03-27 The Regents Of The University Of California Birefringence imaging in biological tissue using polarization sensitive optical coherent tomography
US6102938A (en) 1997-06-17 2000-08-15 Medtronic Inc. Endoluminal prosthetic bifurcation shunt
WO1998057583A1 (en) 1997-06-17 1998-12-23 Acuson Corporation Method and apparatus for frequency control of an ultrasound system
US6095976A (en) 1997-06-19 2000-08-01 Medinol Ltd. Method for enhancing an image derived from reflected ultrasound signals produced by an ultrasound transmitter and detector inserted in a bodily lumen
US6152878A (en) 1997-06-19 2000-11-28 Medinol Ltd. Intravascular ultrasound enhanced image and signal processing
US5925055A (en) 1997-06-23 1999-07-20 Medelex, Inc Multimodal rotary abrasion and acoustic ablation catheter
US5978391A (en) 1997-07-18 1999-11-02 Cymer, Inc. Wavelength reference for excimer laser
US6696173B1 (en) 1997-07-22 2004-02-24 Lpkf Laser & Electronics Ag Conducting path structures situated on a non-conductive support material, especially fine conducting path structures and method for producing same
US6256090B1 (en) 1997-07-31 2001-07-03 University Of Maryland Method and apparatus for determining the shape of a flexible body
US6584335B1 (en) 1997-08-09 2003-06-24 Roche Diagnostics Gmbh Analytical device for in vivo analysis in the body of a patient
US6148095A (en) 1997-09-08 2000-11-14 University Of Iowa Research Foundation Apparatus and method for determining three-dimensional representations of tortuous vessels
US6364841B1 (en) 1997-09-22 2002-04-02 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. System and method for intraluminal imaging
US6443903B1 (en) 1997-09-22 2002-09-03 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. System and method for intraluminal imaging
US6050949A (en) 1997-09-22 2000-04-18 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheher system having connectable distal and proximal portions
US6572555B2 (en) 1997-09-22 2003-06-03 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. System and method for intraluminal imaging
US7044915B2 (en) 1997-09-22 2006-05-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. System and method for intraluminal imaging
US6179809B1 (en) 1997-09-24 2001-01-30 Eclipse Surgical Technologies, Inc. Drug delivery catheter with tip alignment
US6078831A (en) 1997-09-29 2000-06-20 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular imaging guidewire
US6261246B1 (en) 1997-09-29 2001-07-17 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular imaging guidewire
US7060033B2 (en) 1997-09-29 2006-06-13 Boston Scientific Corporation Ultrasound imaging guidewire with static central core and tip
US20010029337A1 (en) 1997-09-29 2001-10-11 Pantages Anthony J. Intravascular imaging guidewire
US6343168B1 (en) 1997-10-02 2002-01-29 Luna Innovations, Inc. Optical sensor arrangement
US6021240A (en) 1997-10-02 2000-02-01 F&S, Inc. Optical sensor activation device
US6842639B1 (en) 1997-10-03 2005-01-11 Intraluminal Therapeutics, Inc. Method and apparatus for determining neovascular flow through tissue in a vessel
US6099471A (en) 1997-10-07 2000-08-08 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for real-time calculation and display of strain in ultrasound imaging
US6097755A (en) 1997-10-20 2000-08-01 Tektronix, Inc. Time domain reflectometer having optimal interrogating pulses
US6258052B1 (en) 1997-11-13 2001-07-10 Lumend, Inc. Guidewire and catheter with rotating and reciprocating symmetrical or asymmetrical distal tip
US6080109A (en) 1997-12-09 2000-06-27 Endosonics Corporation Modular imaging/treatment catheter assembly
US6504286B1 (en) 1997-12-30 2003-01-07 Remon Medical Technologies Ltd. Piezoelectric transducer
US6151433A (en) 1998-02-03 2000-11-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical fiber connector using photocurable adhesive
US6659957B1 (en) 1998-03-05 2003-12-09 Gil M. Vardi Optical-acoustic imaging device
US20040082844A1 (en) 1998-03-05 2004-04-29 Vardi Gil M. Optical-acoustic imaging device
US7527594B2 (en) 1998-03-05 2009-05-05 Vascular Imaging Corporation Optical-acoustic imaging device
US20080119739A1 (en) 1998-03-05 2008-05-22 Vascular Imaging Corporation Optical-acoustic imaging device
US8088102B2 (en) 1998-03-05 2012-01-03 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Dilation and stent delivery system for bifurcation lesions
US6210332B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-04-03 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for flow imaging using coded excitation
US6544230B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2003-04-08 Transvascular, Inc. Catheters, systems and methods for percutaneous in situ arterio-venous bypass
US6186949B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-02-13 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for three-dimensional flow imaging using coded excitation
US6669716B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2003-12-30 Salviac Limited Delivery catheter
US6200266B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-03-13 Case Western Reserve University Method and apparatus for ultrasound imaging using acoustic impedance reconstruction
US6312384B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-11-06 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for flow imaging using golay codes
US6094591A (en) 1998-04-10 2000-07-25 Sunnybrook Health Science Centre Measurement of coronary flow reserve with MR oximetry
US6249076B1 (en) 1998-04-14 2001-06-19 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Conducting polymer actuator
US6428498B2 (en) 1998-04-14 2002-08-06 Renan Uflacker Suction catheter for rapidly debriding abscesses
US6538778B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2003-03-25 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Optical component tester
US6231518B1 (en) 1998-05-26 2001-05-15 Comedicus Incorporated Intrapericardial electrophysiological procedures
US6740113B2 (en) 1998-05-29 2004-05-25 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Balloon expandable stent with a self-expanding portion
US6099549A (en) 1998-07-03 2000-08-08 Cordis Corporation Vascular filter for controlled release
US6212308B1 (en) 1998-08-03 2001-04-03 Agilent Technologies Inc. Thermal optical switches for light
WO2000011511A1 (en) 1998-08-19 2000-03-02 Boston Scientific Limited Optical scanning and imaging system and method
US6419644B1 (en) 1998-09-08 2002-07-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. System and method for intraluminal imaging
US20010037073A1 (en) 1998-09-08 2001-11-01 David White System and method for intraluminal imaging
US6426796B1 (en) 1998-09-28 2002-07-30 Luna Innovations, Inc. Fiber optic wall shear stress sensor
US6254543B1 (en) 1998-10-02 2001-07-03 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Adaptive cancellation of ring-down artifact in IVUS imaging
US6120445A (en) 1998-10-02 2000-09-19 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for adaptive cross-sectional area computation of IVUS objects using their statistical signatures
US6937696B1 (en) 1998-10-23 2005-08-30 Varian Medical Systems Technologies, Inc. Method and system for predictive physiological gating
US6459844B1 (en) 1998-10-30 2002-10-01 Jds Uniphase Corporation Tunable fiber optic filter
US6701176B1 (en) 1998-11-04 2004-03-02 Johns Hopkins University School Of Medicine Magnetic-resonance-guided imaging, electrophysiology, and ablation
US6275628B1 (en) 1998-12-10 2001-08-14 Luna Innovations, Inc. Single-ended long period grating optical device
US6152877A (en) 1998-12-16 2000-11-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multimode video controller for ultrasound and X-ray video exchange system
US6373970B1 (en) 1998-12-29 2002-04-16 General Electric Company Image registration using fourier phase matching
US20040015065A1 (en) 1999-01-06 2004-01-22 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multi-functional medical catheter and methods of use
US6673015B1 (en) 1999-01-06 2004-01-06 Richard Peter Glover Arrangement of IVUS system components including remote and adjacent components
USRE40608E1 (en) 1999-01-06 2008-12-16 Volcano Corporation Arrangement of IVUS system components including remote and adjacent components
US7049306B2 (en) 1999-01-22 2006-05-23 Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Heteroaryl, heterocyclic and aryl compounds which inhibit leukocyte adhesion mediated by VLA-4.
WO2000044296A1 (en) 1999-02-01 2000-08-03 Luis Navarro Endovascular laser device and treatment of varicose veins
US6544217B1 (en) 1999-02-01 2003-04-08 Micro Therapeutics, Inc. Guidewire-occluded balloon catheter
US6615072B1 (en) 1999-02-04 2003-09-02 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Optical imaging device
JP2000262461A (en) 1999-02-04 2000-09-26 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Optical imaging device
US6203537B1 (en) 1999-02-04 2001-03-20 Sorin Adrian Laser-driven acoustic ablation catheter
US20030004412A1 (en) 1999-02-04 2003-01-02 Izatt Joseph A. Optical imaging device
US6146328A (en) 1999-02-23 2000-11-14 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for ultrasonic beamforming using golay-coded excitation
US6210339B1 (en) 1999-03-03 2001-04-03 Endosonics Corporation Flexible elongate member having one or more electrical contacts
US6366722B1 (en) 1999-03-04 2002-04-02 Luna Innovations, Inc. Optical waveguide sensors having high refractive index sensitivity
US20030032886A1 (en) 1999-03-09 2003-02-13 Elhanan Dgany System for determining coronary flow reserve (CFR) value for a stenosed blood vessel, CFR processor therefor, and method therefor
US6566648B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-05-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States National Aeronautics And Space Administration Edge triggered apparatus and method for measuring strain in bragg gratings
US6545760B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-04-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Apparatus and method for measuring strain in optical fibers using rayleigh scatter
EP1041373A2 (en) 1999-03-30 2000-10-04 Ando Electric Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for calibrating an optical spectrum analyzer
JP2000292260A (en) 1999-03-31 2000-10-20 Ando Electric Co Ltd Wavelength tracking system for optical spectrum analyzer and wavelength-variable light source
US6325797B1 (en) 1999-04-05 2001-12-04 Medtronic, Inc. Ablation catheter and method for isolating a pulmonary vein
US6689056B1 (en) 1999-04-07 2004-02-10 Medtronic Endonetics, Inc. Implantable monitoring probe
US7666204B2 (en) 1999-04-09 2010-02-23 Evalve, Inc. Multi-catheter steerable guiding system and methods of use
US6396976B1 (en) 1999-04-15 2002-05-28 Solus Micro Technologies, Inc. 2D optical switch
US20020034276A1 (en) 1999-05-07 2002-03-21 Hui Hu Volumetric computed tomography system for cardiac imaging
US6712836B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2004-03-30 St. Jude Medical Atg, Inc. Apparatus and methods for closing septal defects and occluding blood flow
US20100331950A1 (en) 1999-05-18 2010-12-30 Gera Strommer System and method for delivering a stent to a selected position within a lumen
US6428041B1 (en) 1999-05-21 2002-08-06 Volkswagen Ag Airbag system for a motor vehicle
US6645152B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2003-11-11 Matthew T. Jung Apparatus for the intravascular ultrasound-guided placement of a vena cava filter
US6440077B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2002-08-27 Matthew T. Jung Apparatus and method for the intravascular ultrasound-guided placement of a vena cava filter
US20010049548A1 (en) 1999-06-04 2001-12-06 Gil Vardi Bifurcation lesion stent delivery using multiple guidewires
US20010007940A1 (en) 1999-06-21 2001-07-12 Hosheng Tu Medical device having ultrasound imaging and therapeutic means
US6398792B1 (en) 1999-06-21 2002-06-04 O'connor Lawrence Angioplasty catheter with transducer using balloon for focusing of ultrasonic energy and method for use
US6546272B1 (en) 1999-06-24 2003-04-08 Mackinnon Nicholas B. Apparatus for in vivo imaging of the respiratory tract and other internal organs
US6381350B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2002-04-30 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Intravascular ultrasonic analysis using active contour method and system
US6423012B1 (en) 1999-07-21 2002-07-23 Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd. Medical guide wire
WO2001011409A2 (en) 1999-08-09 2001-02-15 Lightlab Imaging, Llc. Ultra-small optical fiber probes and imaging optics
US6611720B2 (en) 1999-08-12 2003-08-26 Irvine Biomedical Inc. High torque catheter possessing multi-directional deflectability and methods thereof
US6725073B1 (en) 1999-08-17 2004-04-20 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Methods for noninvasive analyte sensing
US6299622B1 (en) 1999-08-19 2001-10-09 Fox Hollow Technologies, Inc. Atherectomy catheter with aligned imager
US6295308B1 (en) 1999-08-31 2001-09-25 Corning Incorporated Wavelength-locked external cavity lasers with an integrated modulator
US6611322B1 (en) 1999-09-06 2003-08-26 Anritsu Corporation Optical time domain reflectometer which measures an optical fiber with different wavelengths according to an order and collectively displays waveform data and a list of events for each waveform in the same screen
US6200268B1 (en) 1999-09-10 2001-03-13 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Vascular plaque characterization
US6376830B1 (en) 1999-09-14 2002-04-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration System and method for measuring the transfer function of a guided wave device
US6866670B2 (en) 1999-10-05 2005-03-15 Omnisonics Medical Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for removing plaque from blood vessels using ultrasonic energy
US7603165B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2009-10-13 Siemens Medical Solutions Usa, Inc. Method for acquiring PET and CT images
US6631284B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2003-10-07 Cti Pet Systems, Inc. Combined PET and X-ray CT tomograph
JP2001125009A (en) 1999-10-28 2001-05-11 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US6367984B1 (en) 1999-11-10 2002-04-09 Lucent Technologies, Inc. Optical fiber adapter
US7491226B2 (en) 1999-11-19 2009-02-17 Advanced Bio Prosthetic Surfaces, Ltd. Endoluminal implantable stent-grafts
US20120136427A1 (en) 1999-11-19 2012-05-31