US929311A - Repeating cap-pistol. - Google Patents

Repeating cap-pistol. Download PDF

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Publication number
US929311A
US929311A US46977508A US1908469775A US929311A US 929311 A US929311 A US 929311A US 46977508 A US46977508 A US 46977508A US 1908469775 A US1908469775 A US 1908469775A US 929311 A US929311 A US 929311A
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Prior art keywords
bolt
firing
strip
pistol
tumbler
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Expired - Lifetime
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US46977508A
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Joseph D Kilgore
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CHARLES G GRUBB
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CHARLES G GRUBB
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Priority to US46977508A priority Critical patent/US929311A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41CSMALLARMS, e.g. PISTOLS, RIFLES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • F41C3/00Pistols, e.g. revolvers
    • F41C3/06Cap-firing pistols, e.g. toy pistols
    • F41C3/08Cap-firing pistols, e.g. toy pistols with band supply

Description

UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH D. KILGORE, OF HOMESTEAD, PENSYLVAN IA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO CHARLES G. GRUBB, QF PITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.
REPEATING CAP-PISTOL.
4Specification of Letters Patent.
Patentedauly 27, 1909.
Application led February '10, 1908,-Seria1No. 415,182. I Renewed December 89,1908. Serial No. 469,775.
To all rw'wm it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH D. Krmonn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Homestead, inthe'county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented new and useful Improvements in Repeating Cap- Pistols, of which thefollowing is a specification.
The present invention relates to toy pistols, and particularly to that t pe in which what are commonly known as paper caps are used.
The pistol which Ihave invented, and which will be described in detail hereinafter, is designed more especially for handling such paper cap ammunition in strip. form, in which form the explosive material is'arrangedV at regular intervals on a long stripv of paper which is fed to firing position, so that by practicing my invention, a repeating toy pistol is provided.
Stated generally the pistol comprises a, suitable strip storing chamber; means for feeding the strip step-by-step to bring the explosive material to proper position for firing; a firing bolt or plunger for exploding the positioned cap; and a suitable trigger and tumbler mechanism for actuating the hammer or firing plunger.
In order that the invention may be understood by those skilled in the art to which it belongs, I have illustrated in the\accom panying drawings one embodiment of my invention, and that the best now known to me, although it will be understood that as the showing is merely illustrative, I do not limit myself to the particular embodiment disclosed.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a central longitudinal sectional View -of'a pistol embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view on line 2 2 of Fig. 1, to show the frame construction and the interior .arrangement of the firing bolt and the actuating tumbler.
show the interior construction of the strip chamber and its covering gate. Fig. 4 is a detail view of thev tumbler for actuating the firing bolt and feeding the strip. Fig.'5 is a detail perspective view of' the trigger. Fi 6 is a detail sectional view of a slightly dierent but equivalentform o f firing bolt.
Referring to the drawings by numerals, like numbers indicating like parts in the chamber 6, preferabl y Fig. 3 is a detailsectional view on -line 3--3 of Fig. 1, to
several views, 4 indicates the frame of the pistol, which may be cast for the mostv part 1n one piece as shown, one side of this frame being open and closed by a side plate 5, suitably j secured to the main frame 4, as shown in Fig.' 2. j
The pistol frame is provided with a stri located just forward of the triggerf guar as shown in Fig. 1, whichchamber 6 is designed to contain the paper cap strip in roll form, a pin 7 extendingfrom the side wall of the chamber to form a support for the roll of strip 8.
In the upper part of the frame 4 is mounted a tiring bolt 9, which rides upon inwardly projecting lugs 1 0 formed on the wall of the plstol frame and the side plate 5, this firing bolt being backed by an actuating spring 11 which is alternately compressed and extended as thebolt is forced back by the trigger and tumbler mechanism, presently to be described,'or thrown forward in the operation of the pistol. Opposed to the said sliding bolt 9 is a firing abutment 12, which is arranged substantially above the strip chamber 6, and adjacent said firing abutment 12 is an ejecting opening 13 for the exploding fragments of the paper strip and the portion of the strip which has been fired, this ejecting opening 13 being placed well forward of the handle of the pistol in order that danger of burning from firing fragments of the caps may be minimized.
The construction which I have devised, in which the firing bolt 9 is thrown forwardly away from the user, and against a firing abutment which is located as far forward on the pistol as practical, has several advantages.
Among these is the elimination of danger from exploding caps, which is present where a rearwardly sliding bolt or a rearwardly positioned hammer explodes the cap against a firing abutment at the rear A'of the pistol. Another advantage is that the roll of caps, in my invention, is isolated from the firing point, and danger of burning back to the roll is minimized. Furthermore, by providing an independent isolated rollchamber in the forward part of the pistol, a more compact and simple disposition and construction of the trigger and tumbler mechanism, which will be described4 hereinafter, is possible.
The firing bolt 9 has an open bottomed cavity in which is mounted a spring pressed bolt actuating dog 15 which rests upon the inclined bottom of the cavity 14, with its nose dependin through the bolt (see Fig. 1). The ,said o 15 is loosely placed within the cavity y14 wit its spring 15a which in the form shown, is carried by the dog, although obviously it might be otherwise carried, bearing against the upper wall of the bolt chamber andby this construction I am enabled to dispense with securing or pivoting devices for the dog, thereby reducing the cost of production and the danger of,derangement in use. The said dog 15 is prefer'- ably provided at its forward end with a projeeting nose 15b, which prevents the spring dogvbeing thrust too far through `the bolt.
r1he normal position of the dog is as shown in Fig. 1, and 1n this position it depends below the bottom of the firing bolt and in position to be engaged by a projecting toe 16 on a rotary tumbler 17 which is pivoted within the pistol frame, beneath the sliding bolt. This tumbler 17 is substantially round and has a portion 18 cut away to receive the projecting slotted arm 19 of the trigger 20,
this trigger arm being also cut away at 21 so that a close assemblage of the parts may be secured and the thickness of the entire pistol thereby materially reduced. The slotted arm 19 of the trigger engages a pin 22 on the tumbler 17 so that as the pivoted trigger is rocked by means of the finger piece 23, the tumbler will be rotated, its projecting toe 16 will strike the dog 15, forcing the spring bolt 9 back and compressing the spring 11. After a predetermined angular movement of the tumbler the toe 16 which travels in an are, will be disengaged from the dog 15, whereupon the bolt 9 will be released and thrown forward against the firing abutment 12 and explode a cap.
The trigger 20 is provided with a spring 24vwhich normally holds it in tlieposition shown in Fig. 1, so as to return the parts to this normal position, after they have been actuated.
The tumbler 17 not only serves as ameans for actuating the ri bolt, but also as a strip feeding device, this latter function being accomplished by means of a spring foot 25 which bears against a downwardly projecting firing abutment 26 adjacent the feed opening 27 of the strip roll'chamber 6, as shown in Fig. 1. It will be seen that as the tumbler 17 is rotated the spring foot 25 will engage the strip, and feed it upwardly so as to bring the ca s which are carried by the strip successive y into firing position between the firing abutment and the firing bolt.
In order to giveconvenient access to the roll chamber 6, I provide a swinging gate 28, which is pivoted to the pistol frame'so that it may be readily swung downwardly to uncover the chamber, and permit the insertion of a new roll. This arrangement of an inclosed 4roll chamber having a feed-open- Aing for the strip completely isolates the roll aud guards against ignition accidentally of the roll.
.Instead of providing a spring pressed bolt actuating dog 15 as heretofore desclibed, l may use a gravity ilnpelled device shown in Fig. 7, in which the bolt actuating dog 51 rests upon the inclined bottom of the -bolt cavity 14 and niaturally gravitates toward the bottom of the cavity so that its nose projects through the same. T his gravity impelled dog 51 rising idly as the tumbler toe 16 sweeps past it on the return in the same manner in which the dog 15 shown in Fig. 1. rises on the return of the tumbler.
It will be seen that by the construction which I have described, a pistol is produced in 'which the number of operating parts are reduced to a minimum, and that these parts may be readilymade and assembled, and, furthermore, that the construction which I have produced is such that a very com act arrangement is provided and the size o the pistol is in uch reduced. Furthermore, by arranging the strip-feeding and firing parts as shown, so as to bring the firing point forward and away from the handle, I ain able to minimize and in fact eliminate all danger from exploding caps.
WVhile I have shown a particular construction, it will be understood that it may be varied within the skill of a mechanician without departing from my invention, and I' claim:
1., In a device of the lclass described, and in combination, means for supporting the eapstrip, a firing abutment to which the strip is fed, a firing bolt opposed to said abutment, trigger mechanism, and a single trigger-actuated tumbler to feed said strip and retract said firing bolt.
2. In a device of the class described and in combination, a strip containing chamber, a firing abutment to which said strip is fed, a reciprocating tiring bolt opposed to said abutment, trigger mechanism, and a rotary trigger-actuated tumbler having a boltfen-l gaging toe and a strip-feeding foot.
3. In a device of vthe class described and in combination, a strip-chamber having a strip-feeding mouth, astrip-feedin'g abut- Vstrip feed opening, a side gate for said llchamber, a strip-feedingabutment adjacent the strip feed opening, a firing abutment havin an ejectment opening adjacent thereto,'a ring bolt, a. tumbler, a bolt-actuating toe on said tumbler, a strip feeding foot on said tumbler, and trigger mechanism for actuating said tumbler. A j
5. In a device of thev class described and inv combination, a firing bolt, a bolt-actuating tumblen having a cut-away portion, trigger-enga `ng means on said cut-away port1on, an a tumbler-actuating trigger bolt having adog receiving and inclosing` and bolt-operating mechanism engaging' having a cut-away portion lapped on the cut-away portion of said tumbler in operative relation to said trigger-en `agin means.
6. In a device of the class escri ed and in combination, a firing abutment, a firing cavity therein rovided with an opening in its bottom, a bo t-actuating dog resting upon the bottom of said cavity and having a portion depending through the bottom opening,
said dog. x
7. Ina device of the class described and in combination, a firing abutment, a firing bolt having a dog receiving and inclosing cavity therein provided with an opening in its bottom, a loose bolt-actuating dog resting upon the bottom. of said cavity and having a portion de ending through the bottom opening, and bo t-opera'ting mechanism engagmfr'said dog.
l 8. Iii a device of the class described and in 1combination, a firing abutment, a firlngeline bottom with an o' ening therethrough at the lower end of sai clined bottom of said cavity and depending through the bolt-o ening, and dog-engagmg bolt operating 'mec anism.
9. In a device of the class described and in combination, a firing abutment, a frmgbolt having a dog-receiving and lnclosing (provided with a cavity having an in incllnedbottom, a` loose'bolt-actuating dog resting upon the 1ntom, a loose bolt-actuating dog resting upon the bottom of said cavity and having a porcavity provided with an openingin its bot-A tion depending through the bottom opening, Y
rand means for holding said dog normally against thebottom of the vcavity with its depending portion projecting downwardly jy through said open bottom opening.
10. In a device of the class described and in combination, a 4firing abutment, a firingbolt rovided with a cavity having an inclined) bottom, an opening at the lower end of said inclined bottom, a loose bolt-actu ating dog housed in said cavity, and a spring to force said dog downwardly through said open bottom.
11: In a device of the class described and in' combination, an inclosing frame, trigger mechanism mounted therein, a trigger-operated bolt-actuating tumbler within sald frame, a .forwardly-striking iring bolt operable from said tumbler housed within said V frame, a irin abutment housed within said frame, an inc osed strip chamber below said abutment, and strip feeding means.
12. In a device ofthe class described and in combination, an inclosing frame having an ejectment opening in the top wall thereof at a point in advance of the handle portion nesses.
. 4 JOSEPH D. KILGORE. Witnesses: FRANK BELL, DANIEL T. MCGEARY.
US46977508A 1908-12-29 1908-12-29 Repeating cap-pistol. Expired - Lifetime US929311A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2418399A (en) * 1945-09-18 1947-04-01 Crisler Homer De Witt Sounding mechanism for toy guns and the like
US2636738A (en) * 1950-03-07 1953-04-28 Abagoff Serge Toy projector and catcher
US2648154A (en) * 1949-05-17 1953-08-11 Thurman M Mcgregor Repeating cap gun
US2857699A (en) * 1956-08-01 1958-10-28 Hubley Mfg Company Toy rifle
US2947220A (en) * 1958-01-23 1960-08-02 Creston F Laager Single trigger sequential firing mechanism
US8505225B1 (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-08-13 Mark L. Degener Firearm trigger assembly

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2418399A (en) * 1945-09-18 1947-04-01 Crisler Homer De Witt Sounding mechanism for toy guns and the like
US2648154A (en) * 1949-05-17 1953-08-11 Thurman M Mcgregor Repeating cap gun
US2636738A (en) * 1950-03-07 1953-04-28 Abagoff Serge Toy projector and catcher
US2857699A (en) * 1956-08-01 1958-10-28 Hubley Mfg Company Toy rifle
US2947220A (en) * 1958-01-23 1960-08-02 Creston F Laager Single trigger sequential firing mechanism
US8505225B1 (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-08-13 Mark L. Degener Firearm trigger assembly

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