US898381A - Artificial flooring. - Google Patents

Artificial flooring. Download PDF

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Publication number
US898381A
US898381A US19433304A US1904194333A US898381A US 898381 A US898381 A US 898381A US 19433304 A US19433304 A US 19433304A US 1904194333 A US1904194333 A US 1904194333A US 898381 A US898381 A US 898381A
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Prior art keywords
layers
cork
floor
layer
magnesium
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Expired - Lifetime
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US19433304A
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Richard V Mattison
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Keasbey and Mattison Co
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Keasbey and Mattison Co
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Priority to US19433304A priority Critical patent/US898381A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C3/00Foundations for pavings
    • E01C3/06Methods or arrangements for protecting foundations from destructive influences of moisture, frost or vibration

Description

No. 898,881. v4IIII'EII'-1LE1I SEPT. 8, '1908. R. v. MAIIIsoN. ARTIFICIAL FLOORING.

APPLICATION FILED FEB. 19,1904.

INVENTORV S E S S E N H W UNITED STATES RICHARD V. MATTISON, OF UPPER DUBLIN,

PATENT OFFICE.

PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNORA TO KEASBEY d; MATTISON COMPANY, OF AMBLER, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PEN N SYL- VANIA.

aarmicmr. FLooarNe.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 8, 1908.

Application led February 19, 1904. Serial No. 194,333.

y cementing material. By thus combining layers of differing characteristics I am able to so break up the lines of cleavage as to pro duce a floor which is not liable'to crack even under most severe and varying strains.

In its referred form my floor contains three distinct layers, and I willtherefore describe-it in.V this form, it being understood that under some circumstances one or other of the layers may be omitted without losing the beneficial results of my invention.

In the accompanying (drawings, there is illustrated a detached section of flooring, constructed of three layers, according to the preferred form of, my invention. `These layers are indicatedyreapectively by the numerals 1, 2, and 3, and I will describe the composition of each se arately.

The bottom ayer 1, iscomposed of what I term corkconcrete This consists of disintegrated cork, in the form of cork chips of about the size of a' pea, united by'Sorel s cement, which consists of a mixture of oXid of magnesium with chlorid of magnesium. On] enough of the cementing material is use to unite the cork chips together, thus leaving abundantl air space, and to thinly coat superficially each piece of cork, thus rendering it noninfiammable by reason of the fire roof qualities vof Sorel's cement. The cork concrete thus formed is verypelastic and sprin free from any fixed lines of cleava e, and'tiick enough to resist and distribute t e strains which may be put upon the floor. It

also has valuable properties as al sound dead-` ener, and as a warm non-heat conducti substance, due to the amount of imprisone air which it contains.

The foundation layer 2, consists of wood ber- (long splinters) 15%, sawdust 10%, and

of cork'vconcrete, it is sometimes feasi .place layers 2, and 3, directly upon a base of oxid of magnesium 75%. With.100 pounds of this is mlxed about 200 pounds 0f a solution of chlorid of magnesium at 20 Baume, and the resulting composition is spread in place and allowed to stand for 24 hours until 1t sets. This layer is very strong and tough, thoroughly distributing all strains. It is rather porous, and quite springy tothe tread.

The finishing layer 3, Vconsists of asbestos fiber 15%, wood `flour (an exceedingly fine saw-dust) 10%, and oxid of magnesium 75%. With 100 pounds of this is mixed about 100 pounds of a solution-of chlorid of magnesium at 20 Baum. This makes a stiff paste or mortar which is spread with a trowel and straight edge, and allowed to set over night. With it may be mixed any suitable coloring matter according to the color of the floor desired.- It makes a very strong, hard, smooth and impervious surface.

Instead of employing the bottom layler 1, e -to fioor boards. The floor thus produced is capable of resisting all ordinary strains, short of a violent shrinkagel or warping. of the boards. I prefer, however, to employ the concrete layerlwhich is capable of dist'ributin and withstanding even such a violent shrin age. Under some circumstances, layer l., may be directly combined with la er 2, but, I prefer to employ the interme iate foundation layer 2, to thoroughly break up the lines of possible'cleavage, and thus produce a floor which not crack from settling or from shrinkage oftimbers or any other cause. .Claims:

1. `A compound floor consisting of a base in, combination with a layer above said base, which is composed of disintegrated cork chips coated superficiallywith cement, said chips being coated with only enough of said cementing material to them firmly together but with provision of abundantair spaces between the coated chips. v y

2. A compound floor consisting of a plurali of layers each of which contains 'a .woody basis embedded in Sorels cement, the woody matter being finely ground for th'e top layer, and-morecoarse below.

3. A compound floorconsisting `'of three layers each containing a woody basis embedded in Sorels cement; the Woody basis for State of Pennsylvania, this seventeenthday the top layer consisting of Wood iour; that= of February 1.904.

for the intermediate la er consist' of Wood fiber and saw dust; amyi that for lih bottom RICHARD V' MATTISON' 5 layer consisting of disintegrated cork. Witnesses:

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto JAMES H. BELL,

signed my name, at Philadelphia, in the E. L. FULLERTON.

US19433304A 1904-02-19 1904-02-19 Artificial flooring. Expired - Lifetime US898381A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2854344A (en) * 1953-03-26 1958-09-30 Nigel Graeme Chittenden Flooring surfaces and the like
US2877135A (en) * 1948-12-31 1959-03-10 Schwarzwalder Karl Tile composition and product suitable for floors of stables
US5302208A (en) * 1992-02-08 1994-04-12 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Vacuum coating installation
US5609656A (en) * 1996-07-17 1997-03-11 Western Atlas, Incorporated Plant fiber grain-spacer for abrasive bonds
US20060196138A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements

Cited By (94)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2877135A (en) * 1948-12-31 1959-03-10 Schwarzwalder Karl Tile composition and product suitable for floors of stables
US2854344A (en) * 1953-03-26 1958-09-30 Nigel Graeme Chittenden Flooring surfaces and the like
US5302208A (en) * 1992-02-08 1994-04-12 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Vacuum coating installation
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8276342B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2012-10-02 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20110185663A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2011-08-04 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20060236635A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070094987A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-03 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060272263A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-12-07 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080066416A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-20 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US7617645B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7621094B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-24 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634886B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634887B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637067B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637066B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7640708B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644557B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7644555B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644554B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647743B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7647741B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650728B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 UNILIN BEHEER BV besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650727B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7654054B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-02 Uniliin Beheer B.V. besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7658048B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7661238B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., besloten, vennootshap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665265B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unlin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665268B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665266B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665267B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669377B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669376B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7673431B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. besloten, vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7677008B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7681371B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-23 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698869B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698868B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7707793B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-04 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7712280B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-11 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7726089B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7735288B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-15 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7770350B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-08-10 Unilin Beheer B. V., besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7810297B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827755B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827754B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060248829A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236633A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236630A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US8166723B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2012-05-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060196138A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8365494B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2013-02-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US9290951B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2016-03-22 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070251188A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-11-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Bestloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US5609656A (en) * 1996-07-17 1997-03-11 Western Atlas, Incorporated Plant fiber grain-spacer for abrasive bonds
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8578675B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-11-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Process for sealing of a joint
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9677285B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-06-13 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9624676B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2017-04-18 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US10125498B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-11-13 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9068356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2015-06-30 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9856657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-01-02 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering
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US9388585B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388586B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9394699B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8904729B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-12-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9234356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-01-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9482013B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-11-01 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8793958B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-08-05 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8631625B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-21 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9115500B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2015-08-25 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8631623B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2014-01-21 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

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