US879741A - Drill-chuck. - Google Patents

Drill-chuck. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US879741A
US879741A US38164907A US1907381649A US879741A US 879741 A US879741 A US 879741A US 38164907 A US38164907 A US 38164907A US 1907381649 A US1907381649 A US 1907381649A US 879741 A US879741 A US 879741A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
drill
disk
shell
chuck
stem
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US38164907A
Inventor
Harry L Coit
Original Assignee
Harry L Coit
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harry L Coit filed Critical Harry L Coit
Priority to US38164907A priority Critical patent/US879741A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US879741A publication Critical patent/US879741A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B31/00Chucks; Expansion mandrels; Adaptations thereof for remote control
    • B23B31/02Chucks
    • B23B31/10Chucks characterised by the retaining or gripping devices or their immediate operating means
    • B23B31/12Chucks with simultaneously-acting jaws, whether or not also individually adjustable
    • B23B31/1207Chucks with simultaneously-acting jaws, whether or not also individually adjustable moving obliquely to the axis of the chuck in a plane containing this axis
    • B23B31/1238Jaws movement actuated by a nut with conical screw-thread
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/17Socket type
    • Y10T279/17615Obliquely guided reciprocating jaws
    • Y10T279/17623Threaded sleeve and jaw
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/34Accessory or component
    • Y10T279/3431Chuck key

Description

NO. at 9,741. I PATENTED FEB. 18, 1908.

DBILL CHUCK.

APPLIUATION FILED JULY 1. 1907.

UNHE

HARRY L. co r, or New LONDON, comnc'r'icu'r.

DRILL-CHUCK.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Eatented Feb. 18, 19018.

Application filed July 1l 1907. Serial No. 381.649.-

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that l, HARRY L. Corr, a citizen of the United States, residing atNew- London, in the county of New London and State of Connecticut, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Drill-( hucks and of the jaw-carrying disk; Fig. 4 an edge view thereof. Fig. 5 a reverse plan view of Fig. 6 a view in outside elevation Fig. 7 an edge view the shell. of one of the jaws. thereof.

My invention relates to an improvement in drill chucks, the Object being to produce a simple, compact, durable, convenient and effective device constructed with particular reference to the tightening of the jaws upon the drill by the resistance of the drill to rotation.

With these ends in view my invention con-' sists in a drill chuck having certain details of construction and combinations of arts as will be hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.

'In carrying out my invention as herein shown, I employ a mandrel 2 provided at its lower end with a stem 3 having left hand threads and arranged centrally with respect to the axis of the mandrel from which it is separated by an annular shoulder 4 located at the lower end of the mandrel proper. Upon the said stem 3 is mounted a jaw-carrying disk 5 formed with a central circular o cning 6 having left hand threads corrcs wading to those of the stern on which the disk 5 is raised. and lowered by means of the said threads. '1 he said disk is formed in its lower face with three equidistant radial passages or guideways 7 substantially circular in cross-sectional form and leading inward from the smooth outer periphery of the disk into the threaded central opening 6 thereof. 'lhese radial assages 7 also intersect the lower face of the disk in which, ho wcver, they are contracted for their retention of the rounded heads 8 at the up per ends of the 9 which are vir Fig. 3 a reverse plan view tually suspended thereby from the disk in which their upper ends are free to move radially within the limits imposed by the length of the passages 7. The lower ends of i these jaw s extend downwardly through three equidistant holes 10 leading out of the bottom of the chamber 11 of the chuck shell 12. lhese holes are inclined toward each other and. merge into each other at the bottom of the shell through which the lower ends of the jaws project as shown. To prevent the rotation of the jaws without interfering with their radial movement, each jaw is formed in its outer face with a groove 13 for the reception of a screw 14 in the beveled lower end of the shell. When the shell is rotated from right to left'the disk 5 will, so to speak, climb the stem 3 and lift the jaws 9 whereby they will tend at their lower ends to separate from each other and thus open the chuck. On the other hand, when the disk is rotated from left to right, the disk 5 will descend upon the stem 3 and cause the jaws to approach each other and rip the drill. At its extreme lower end the stem 3 is formed with a bearing 3 which enters a corresponding step or socket 12 in the center of the floor of the chamber 11 in the said shell 12.

At its upper end the shell 12 is formed with internal screw threads for the reception of a threaded annular cap 15 formed with a central opening 16 adaptingit to fit over the lower end of the mandrel 2. A concentric recess 17 in the lower face of the cap receives the shoulder 1, a ball-bearing washer 18, a series of balls 19 and a ball-bearing washer 20, the said washers 18 and 20 being located between the bottom of the recess 17 and the upper face of the shoulder 4, and the balls being located between the two washers. A screw 21 in the upper end of the shell enters the cap 16 for holding the same against rotation therein.

In order to start the shell with reference to the mandrel so as to turn it from right toleft, and thus cause the disk 5 to climb the stem 3 and open the jaws 9 and release the drill, I by preference provide the upper face of the cap with a concentric series' of beveled teet forming a rack 22 with which I use a beveled p'nion 23 mounted upon a stem 24 carrying a handle 25, the inner end of the stem 24 be step 26 in the lower end of the mandrel. After a drill has been pjaced between the jaws 9 the shell is turned. y hand from left to ing temporarilyinserted into a radial hole or (f '0 ash) right. This movement will be transmitted by the 'sws 9 to the disk 5 which will descend upon t e stem 3 and so grip the drill. N ow as the chuck is rotated by the mandrel from right to left the resistance offered to turning by the drill Will tend to turn the shell from left to right which will cause the disk 5 to descendand all. the more firmly grip the drill. I To'remove the drill the shell must be turned from right to left with respect to the mandrel so as to cause the disk to climb the stern if the shell cannot be started by hand, it may be started by the tein orary use of the pinion 23 which will he app ied to the mandrel 2 so as to coact with the rack 22 .or some other means may be resorted to for forcibly starting the shell to remove the drill.

I do not broadly claim the use of ballhearings in adrill-chuck, their use having been shown and described in my rior patent I granted February-Q], 1906, No. 813,864,

crater but only the particular hall-hearing construction shown and described herein.

I claim 1- i In a drill chuck, the combination with a mandrel provided at its lower end with a stem having a left hand thread, of e. jawcari ying disk having a concentric threaded opening adapting it to be mounted upon the said stem, jaws'suspended from the said disk, a shell chambered to receive the said disk and jaws, and a cap by means of'which the shell is suspended from the mandrel, whereby by turning the shell the said disk is movahle back and forth upon the said stem.

In testimony whereof, I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

HARRY L. 001T. Witnesses:

'MAX JAGGER, v

CI-rAs. C. PERKINS.

US38164907A 1907-07-01 1907-07-01 Drill-chuck. Expired - Lifetime US879741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US38164907A US879741A (en) 1907-07-01 1907-07-01 Drill-chuck.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US38164907A US879741A (en) 1907-07-01 1907-07-01 Drill-chuck.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US879741A true US879741A (en) 1908-02-18

Family

ID=2948181

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US38164907A Expired - Lifetime US879741A (en) 1907-07-01 1907-07-01 Drill-chuck.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US879741A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2550871A (en) * 1948-07-29 1951-05-01 Brooke Tool Mfg Company Ltd Chuck
US2607602A (en) * 1950-07-12 1952-08-19 Continental Lab Inc Chuck
EP0251996A1 (en) * 1986-06-27 1988-01-07 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Chuck for tools
US20060055126A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2006-03-16 Nachev Valentin R Three-jaw tightening chuck
US20100109262A1 (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-05-06 Xin-Li Chen Self-tightening drill chuck
US20110227299A1 (en) * 2009-01-13 2011-09-22 Qingzi Yu Self-Tightening Drill Chuck

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2550871A (en) * 1948-07-29 1951-05-01 Brooke Tool Mfg Company Ltd Chuck
US2607602A (en) * 1950-07-12 1952-08-19 Continental Lab Inc Chuck
EP0251996A1 (en) * 1986-06-27 1988-01-07 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Chuck for tools
US20060055126A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2006-03-16 Nachev Valentin R Three-jaw tightening chuck
US20100109262A1 (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-05-06 Xin-Li Chen Self-tightening drill chuck
US20110227299A1 (en) * 2009-01-13 2011-09-22 Qingzi Yu Self-Tightening Drill Chuck

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4828277A (en) Self-gradually locking chuck
US4305597A (en) Keyless self-tightening chuck
US4423881A (en) Quick operating chuck
US7527273B2 (en) Locking chuck
US5577743A (en) Quick release chuck device
US2901258A (en) Drill press spindle
US2880008A (en) Chuck key and support
US8403339B2 (en) Self tightening chuck with an axial lock
DE102006030572A1 (en) Chuck for drills with electric or pneumatic motors comprises a cylindrical body having a front section and a rear section, jaws which move in relation to the body and connected to an axial bore and sleeves rotating on or around the body
US3947047A (en) Quick-change collet
DE102006026744A1 (en) chuck
CN1029300C (en) Improved non-impact keyless tool chuck sleeve
US1209362A (en) Tool-shank.
US3791756A (en) Tapping spindle with torque release clutch built into its shank and having automatic depth control
CN1589996A (en) Grip assembly for clutch cap, front sleeve, rear sleeve and method of making
US1656450A (en) Chuck
US1442107A (en) Chuck
US911012A (en) Chuck.
US1509061A (en) Automatic gripping and releasing chuck
US3000642A (en) Drill chuck
US1112349A (en) Drill or the like and socket therefor.
US1268171A (en) Attachment for dental engines.
US2544088A (en) Drill chuck
US757950A (en) Drilling and automatic centering device.
US10556276B2 (en) Locking chuck