US857596A - Antirefillable bottle. - Google Patents

Antirefillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US857596A
US857596A US36375007A US1907363750A US857596A US 857596 A US857596 A US 857596A US 36375007 A US36375007 A US 36375007A US 1907363750 A US1907363750 A US 1907363750A US 857596 A US857596 A US 857596A
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Prior art keywords
bottle
closure
neck
stem
openings
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US36375007A
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Henry Campbell
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/08Spring-loaded valves

Definitions

  • This invention relates to anti-refillable bottles, and the invention has for its object to provide a bottle with positive and reliable means for preventing the same from being refilled without detection.
  • My invention aims to break up the nefari ous practice of refilling the bottles of opular brands of liquid with an inferior article, thus deceiving the general public by an illegitimate practice.
  • My improved bottle consists of a rece tacle 1 having a contracted neck 2.
  • the ottom 3 of the receptacle is provided with an upwardly extending tubular stem 4 which is formed integral with the contracted neck 2 of the bottle, thus forming a straight passage through the bottle.
  • the tubular stem 4 centrally of the bottle is formed with an annular tapering enlargement 5, while adjacent to the contracted neck portion 2 the stem is pro-- vided with two diametrically opposed in.- clined openings 6.
  • a closure or cork 7 Movably mounted within the tubular stem 4 and the neck 2 of the bottle is a closure or cork 7, which seats upon an annular shoulder 8 formed upon the inner sides of the neck 2.
  • a coiled spring 9 Attached to the lower end of the closure 7 is a coiled spring 9, the opposite end of said spring being connected to a cork or support 10 supported by the enlargement 5 within the stem 4.
  • the cork or support 10 is provided with an upwardly extending rod 10 adapted to limit the movement of the closure 7 and support the same over the openings 6.
  • the closure or cork 7 is provided with a central tube 11 having a cage 12 at its upper end inclosing a spherical body or ball 14 adapted to normally close the tube 11.
  • the tube 11 is provided with two diametrically opposed openings 15 communicating with angularly disposed openings 16 formed in the cork or closure 7.
  • the cork or closure 7 normally closes the neck 2 of the bottle and the inclined openings 6 of the stem 4, said closure having been mounted in the bottle through the lower end of the stem prior to placing the cork or support 10 in the enlarged portion of the stem 4.
  • The'cork or support 10 in a contracted state is forced through the stem 4 from the bottom of the bottle and then expands into the enlargement 5 to support the spring 9 and the rod 10 within said stem.
  • My improved anti refillable bottles are filled by a specially constructed machine, the contents of the bottle being admitted through the opening 6 of the stem 4.
  • a pencil or similar instrument is inserted in the neck 2 and the closure 7 pressed downwardly until it rests upon the upper end of the rod 10 this position of the cork or closure 7 allowing the openings 16 and 6 to aline, whereby when the bottle is inverted the contents thereof will pass into said open-- ings, into the tube 11 and cage 12 from where the contents escape into the neck 2 of the bottle.
  • the spring 9 Immediately upon removing the penoil or similar instrument from the neck 2 of the bottle, the spring 9 returns the closure to its normal position in engagement with the shoulders 8 of the bottle neck.
  • a bottle consisting of a receptacle having a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle, and formed integral with said neck, said stem having a central enlargement and diametrically opposed openings formed therein adjacent to said neck, a support mounted in said enlargement, a rod carried by said support, a coiled spring surrounding said rod, a closure carried by said spring, and adapted to normally close the openings of said neck, said closure having a tube arranged therein, a spherical body supported at the upper end of said tube, said closure having openings formed therein adapted to establish communication between the first mentioned openings and said tube.
  • a bottle consisting of a receptacle having a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle, and formed integral with said neck, said stem having a central enlargement and diametrically opposed openings formed therein adjacent to said neck, a support mounted in said enlargement, a rod carried by said support, a coiled spring surrounding said rod, a closure carried by said spring and adapted to normally close the openings of said neck, said closure having a tube arranged therein adapted to communicate with the openings of said neck, a spherical body adapted to normally close said tube, and means to limit the upward movement of said closure.
  • a bottle consisting of a receptacle hav ing a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle and communicating therewith, said stem having diametrically opposed openings formed therein, a closure movably supported in said stem, a tube arranged in said closureand adapted to communicate with said openings, a spherical body normally closing said tube, means to limit the upward movement of said closure within said neck, and means to limit the downward movement of said closure within said stem.
  • a bottle consisting of a receptacle having a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle and communicating therewith, said stem having diametrically opposed openings formed therein, a closure movably supported in said stem, a tube arranged in said closure and adapted to communicate with said openings, means to normally close the upper end of said tube,
  • .and means to limit the movement of said closure within said receptacle.

Description

N0. 857,596. PATENTED JUNE 25, 1907. H. CAMPBELL.
ANTIREFILLABLE BOTTLE.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 21, 1907.
all!
M1 Elli [NVENTOR Atlumeys W] YYVESSES l Tu: NORRIS PETERS co.. WASHINGTON. u. c.
HENRY CAMPBELL, OF KARNS CITY, PENNSYLVANIA.
ANTIREFILLABLE BOTTLE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 25, 1907.
Application filed March 21, 1907. Serial No. 363,750.
citizen of the United States of America, re-
siding-at Karns City, in the county of Butler and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Antirefillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
This invention relates to anti-refillable bottles, and the invention has for its object to provide a bottle with positive and reliable means for preventing the same from being refilled without detection.
My invention aims to break up the nefari ous practice of refilling the bottles of opular brands of liquid with an inferior article, thus deceiving the general public by an illegitimate practice.
To this end, I have devised a novel bottle which is normally closed, and in order to remove the contents of the bottle, it is necessary to hold the closure of the bottle under tension while the contents are being removed.
The detail construction entering into my invention will be hereinafter more fully described and then specifically pointed out in the appended claims, and referring to the drawing forming part of this specification, wherein I have illustrated a vertical sectional view of my improved anti-refillable bottle, like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.
My improved bottle consists of a rece tacle 1 having a contracted neck 2. The ottom 3 of the receptacle is provided with an upwardly extending tubular stem 4 which is formed integral with the contracted neck 2 of the bottle, thus forming a straight passage through the bottle. The tubular stem 4 centrally of the bottle is formed with an annular tapering enlargement 5, while adjacent to the contracted neck portion 2 the stem is pro-- vided with two diametrically opposed in.- clined openings 6.
Movably mounted within the tubular stem 4 and the neck 2 of the bottle is a closure or cork 7, which seats upon an annular shoulder 8 formed upon the inner sides of the neck 2. Attached to the lower end of the closure 7 is a coiled spring 9, the opposite end of said spring being connected to a cork or support 10 supported by the enlargement 5 within the stem 4. The cork or support 10 is provided with an upwardly extending rod 10 adapted to limit the movement of the closure 7 and support the same over the openings 6.
The closure or cork 7 is provided with a central tube 11 having a cage 12 at its upper end inclosing a spherical body or ball 14 adapted to normally close the tube 11. The tube 11 is provided with two diametrically opposed openings 15 communicating with angularly disposed openings 16 formed in the cork or closure 7.
The cork or closure 7 normally closes the neck 2 of the bottle and the inclined openings 6 of the stem 4, said closure having been mounted in the bottle through the lower end of the stem prior to placing the cork or support 10 in the enlarged portion of the stem 4. The'cork or support 10 in a contracted state, is forced through the stem 4 from the bottom of the bottle and then expands into the enlargement 5 to support the spring 9 and the rod 10 within said stem.
My improved anti refillable bottles are filled by a specially constructed machine, the contents of the bottle being admitted through the opening 6 of the stem 4. When it is desired to remove the contents of the bottle, a pencil or similar instrument is inserted in the neck 2 and the closure 7 pressed downwardly until it rests upon the upper end of the rod 10 this position of the cork or closure 7 allowing the openings 16 and 6 to aline, whereby when the bottle is inverted the contents thereof will pass into said open-- ings, into the tube 11 and cage 12 from where the contents escape into the neck 2 of the bottle. Immediately upon removing the penoil or similar instrument from the neck 2 of the bottle, the spring 9 returns the closure to its normal position in engagement with the shoulders 8 of the bottle neck.
It will be observed that it is impossible to pour liquid into the bottle even if the closure 7 was held in a lowered position, as the tube 11 is normally closed by the spherical body or ball 14.
It will of course be understood that an ordinary cork or cap can be used to close the outer end of the neck 2 and itis also obvious that my invention can be embodied in bottles of various sizes, contours, and of various materials.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A bottle consisting of a receptacle having a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle, and formed integral with said neck, said stem having a central enlargement and diametrically opposed openings formed therein adjacent to said neck, a support mounted in said enlargement, a rod carried by said support, a coiled spring surrounding said rod, a closure carried by said spring, and adapted to normally close the openings of said neck, said closure having a tube arranged therein, a spherical body supported at the upper end of said tube, said closure having openings formed therein adapted to establish communication between the first mentioned openings and said tube.
2. A bottle consisting of a receptacle having a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle, and formed integral with said neck, said stem having a central enlargement and diametrically opposed openings formed therein adjacent to said neck, a support mounted in said enlargement, a rod carried by said support, a coiled spring surrounding said rod, a closure carried by said spring and adapted to normally close the openings of said neck, said closure having a tube arranged therein adapted to communicate with the openings of said neck, a spherical body adapted to normally close said tube, and means to limit the upward movement of said closure.
3. A bottle consisting of a receptacle hav ing a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle and communicating therewith, said stem having diametrically opposed openings formed therein, a closure movably supported in said stem, a tube arranged in said closureand adapted to communicate with said openings, a spherical body normally closing said tube, means to limit the upward movement of said closure within said neck, and means to limit the downward movement of said closure within said stem.
4. A bottle consisting of a receptacle having a contracted neck, a tubular stem carried by the bottom of said receptacle and communicating therewith, said stem having diametrically opposed openings formed therein, a closure movably supported in said stem, a tube arranged in said closure and adapted to communicate with said openings, means to normally close the upper end of said tube,
.and means to limit the movement of said closure within said receptacle.
In testimony whereof I atlix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
HENRY CAMPBELL. WVitnesses FRANK GOODG-ASELL, CHARLES HAZLET.
US36375007A 1907-03-21 1907-03-21 Antirefillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US857596A (en)

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