US850699A - Gate. - Google Patents

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Publication number
US850699A
US850699A US34129206A US1906341292A US850699A US 850699 A US850699 A US 850699A US 34129206 A US34129206 A US 34129206A US 1906341292 A US1906341292 A US 1906341292A US 850699 A US850699 A US 850699A
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Prior art keywords
gate
rod
hinge
post
arms
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Expired - Lifetime
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US34129206A
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William Mark Watson
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BENJAMIN BATCHELOR
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BENJAMIN BATCHELOR
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Priority to US34129206A priority Critical patent/US850699A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F13/00Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle
    • E05F13/02Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle by devices, e.g. lever arms, affected by the movement of the user

Description

No. 850,699. PATENTED APR. 16, 1907.
' w. M. WATSON.
GATE.
APPLICATION FILED OGT.30. 1906.
.4 TTOHN E YS an: NORRIS PETERS 00.. wnsumcmw. n. c,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIOE/ WILLIAM MARK WATSON, OF BRANTFORD, ONTARIO, OANADA, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND BENJAMIN BATCHELOR, or BRANTFORD, OANADA.
GATE.
Patented April 16, 1907.
Application filed October 30, 1906. $erial No. 341,292.
To Ml whom it may concern.-
Be it known that 1, WILLIAM MARK WAT- sON, a subject of the King of Great Britain, and a resident of Brantford, in the Province of Ontario, Dominion of Canada, have invented a new and Improved Gate, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to certain improvements in gates, and more particularly to the means for opening, closing, and latching the ate. b The object of the invention is to provide means whereby the gate may be operated by a person in a vehicle without necessitating his dismounting therefrom and whereby the gate may be similarly closed after the person has driven through.
A further object of the invention is to provide means for raising the gate a certain distance above the ground before it is swung on its hinges, whereby the gate may pass over stones or other obstructions lying in its path, but when closed it may rest closelyadjacent the ground and prevent small animals from crawling under.
I A further object of the invention is to provide means whereby the gate may open in either direction, but whereby it will be automatically prevented. from swinging past the closed position when being shut.
Further objects and advantages for my improved construction will be hereinafter set forth and the structure which I employ defined in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures, in which-- Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved gate and operating mechanism, a portion thereof being broken away to more clearly show the construction of the latch. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the supporting-post and the parts attached thereto. Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a detail showing a side elevation of thesegment and operating-cords, and Fig. 5 is a front elevation of a portion of the latchpost,.and Fig. 6 is a detail showing a side elevation of a portion of the hinge-rod and the loopslidable thereon.
In carrying out my invention I preferably construct the gate 1 substantially as shown, although the details of the gate proper constitute no portion of my invention. As shown, the gate comprises parallel top and bottom bars 2 and 3, connected'by vertical end members 4 and 5 and an intermediate vertical member 6. The space between the top, bottom, and end members may be filled in by slats or bars or, as shown in the drawings, by a plurality of wires 7. The gate is hinged at one end, and from the upper corner of the hinged end to the lower corner of the opposite end extends a bracing-wire 8, while a brace-bar 9 extends from the top bar 2 to the vertical bar 4.
The gate is supported upon and hinged to a suitable gate-post 10, formed of any desired material and extending to a distance somewhat above the top of the gate. to this gate-post by means of suitable brackets 11 is a vertical hinge-rod 12, to p which the gate is secured and which is provided With means for rotating the same.
The gate at the corner adjacent the upper end of the bar 4 is provided with a bracket 13, which supports a roller 14 on the opposite side of the hinge-rod 12, while at the corner of the gate adjacent the lower end of the bar Secured 4 is a bracket 15, supporting a roller 16 on the near or adjacent side of the hinge-rod 12. Each of the brackets extends around the hinge-rod and is so constructed that the roller cannot become accidentally disengaged from the hinge-rod. The upper roller 14' being on the opposite side of the hinge-rod from the lower roller 16 serves to support the gate and prevent the opposite end there- 'of from sagging, while both of the rollers are held in firm engagement with the hinge-rod. The upper bracket 13 is'provided with an extension 17, slidably engaging with a sec ond rod 18, carried by the hinge-rod 12 and rigidly secured parallel thereto. When the hinge-rod 12 is rotated by means of the mechanism hereinafter described, the second rod 18 moves in a circle around with the hinge-rod and by its engagement with the extension 17 of the upper bracket causes the gate also to rotate about with the hinge-rod. Neither the gate nor its supporting-brackets are rigidly secured to the hinge-rod, but are so arranged that the gate may be freely raised a suitable distance to permit the lower edge of the gate to pass over any obstructions lying in its path.
The gate-post 10, as previously stated, extends to a considerable distance above the upper edge of the gate and at its upper end is provided with a cross-bar 19, extending at right angles to the gate when the latter is in its closed position and having operatingarms pivoted to the ends thereof. The outer end of each of the arms 20 extends a considerable distance away from the gate, whereby it may be operated by a person seated in a vehicle, while the inner end of each arm extends past the gate-post and is connected to the brace-bar 9 by a cord or wire 21. The inner end does not extend a suflicient distance beyond the gate-post to cause any considerable lateral strain on the gate, but does extend a sufficient distance to give the desired leverage in raising the gate. By pulling downward on the outer end of either arm 20 the inner end is raised, and as the inner end is connected directly to the gate the latter is caused to slide upward on the hinge-rod 12. The upper end of the hinge-rod is provided with a semicircular bar forming a half-wheel 22, and in the circumferential surface are formed two parallel grooves. Rigidly secured to the wheel at opposite ends of the diameter are two cords or wires 23, each normally lying in one of the grooves through one-half the length thereof that is, through one-quarter of the circun1- ference. The cords or wires 23 extend to the outer ends of the bars 20 and over pulleys 24, carried by the latter, the outer ends of the cords or wires being suspended from said pulleys and provided with weights or handles 25 of any suitable character.
The opposite gate-post 26 is preferably smaller and shorter than the gate-post 10 and is provided with means for engaging with the gate to hold the latter in its closed position. The latch of the gate is preferably a triangular projection or stud 27, which engages with the plates 28 and 29 on the gatepost. The plate 28 extends into the path of the latch 27 when the gate is in its raised position, and the lower end of the plate 28 terminates in a point centrally located in respect to the gate-post. The plate 29 is spaced from the plate 28 a distance slightly greater than the width of the latch 27 and is provided with a recess directly below the point of the plate 28 and with inclined surfaces substantially parallel to the inclined lower edges of the plate 28. When the gate is in its closed position, the latch 27 rests in a recess inthe plate 29, and as the walls of the recess are substantially vertical the gate cannot become accidentally opened.
When closed, the parts of the gate and its operating mechanism occupy the positions shown in solid lines in the figures. When it is desired to open the gate, a person, whether afoot or in a vehicle, pulls downward upon the handle 25 and the gate is raised and swung in the opposite direction. WVhen the handle 25 is first pulled, the gate cannot swing around, as thelatch 27 is in engagement with the walls of the recess in the plate 29, and therefore the half-wheel 22 cannot rotate. The outer end of the arm 20 is first brought down to the position shown in dotted lines and the gate is raised along the hinge-rod 12 until the latch 27 is entirely free from the coacting members on the gatepost 26, and then, while supported in the raised position, further pulling down the handle 25 causes the handle-rod 12 to rotate, and by the engagement of the bracket extension 17 with the rod 18 the gate is opened away from the person operating the handle. After the person has passed through the gate he may readily close the same by pulling upon the opposite handle 25. As the gate swings closed in its raised position the latch 27 engages with the plate 28, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5, and as the gate can then swing no further and the handle is released the latch moves down the inclined surface into the recess in the plate 29 and again automatically looks.
The rod 18 is preferably connected to the -hinge-rod 12 by means of collars 18, slidable upon said rod, but prevented from turning by means of a spline 18*. This permits the device to be used in connection with gates of various different heights. The rod 18 may, if desired, be located on the side of the hingerod 12 toward the gate rather than away from it. In this case the roller would be located between the two rods, as shown, but the plate would be largely supported by the rod 18. Instead of the lugs 17, which engage with the rod 18 to facilitate the turning of the gate, I may, if desired, make the wheel 14 of such a size as to engage with both rods, and thus avoid the necessity of special lugs. If desired, either the rod 20 or the cord 23 may be relied upon entirely for moving the gate in the desired direction, but as combined in the devise shown both mutually aid in producing the desired result.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. In combination, a gate-post, a hingerod carried thereby, a gate slidably connected to said hinge-rod, a half-wheel mounted on the upper end of said hinge-rod, arms pivotally connected to the gate-post, means connecting the ends of sai arms with said gate, and means connecting said half-whee1 to the opposite ends of said arms, whereby the gate may be simultaneously raised and moved in a lateral plane.
2. In combination, a gate-post, a hingerod carried thereby, a second rod carried by ICO said hinge-rod and parallel thereto, and a gate having rollers in engagement with said hinge-rod and having one of said rollers intermediate the hinge-rod and the last-mentioned rod.
3. In combination, a gate-post, a hingerod carried thereby, a second rod supported parallel to said hinge-rod and carried thereby, means whereby the second rod may move longitudinally of the first rod but is prevented from rotating in relation thereto, a gate slidably connected to said hinge-rod and having a portion thereof in engagement with said second rod, and means connected to said hinge-rod for rotating the same and moving the gate in a lateral direction.
4. In combination, a gate-post, a hingerod carried thereby, a gate having rollers in en agement with opposite sides of said hingerod, arms pivotally connected to said gatepost, means connecting said arms to said gate whereby, when the end of either arm is depressed, the gate is raised in a vertical plane, and independent means secured to said gate'and supported by the outer end of said arms, whereby the gate may be rotated to open the same.
5. In combination, a gatepost, a gate, means for slidably connecting the gate to the gate-post, arms carried by said post, means connecting the ends of said arms with said gate, and cords connected to said gate and supported by said arms at their outer ends whereby the gate may be raised in a vertical plane by the action of the arms and rotated to open the same by the action of said cords.
6. In combination, a gate-post, a gate, a hinge-rod connecting said gate and gatepost, a half-wheel mounted on the upper end of said hinge-rod, arms pivotally connected to the gate-post, and means connecting said half-wheel to the outer ends of said arms whereby the hinge-rod may be rotated to open the gate. H
7. In combination, a gate-post, a vertically-slidable gate, a hinged rod connecting said gate and gate post and rotatably mounted in respect to one of them, arms connected to said gate-post and extending in opposite directions therefrom, and cords connected to the ends of said hinged rod and supported by the outer ends of said arms,where by the hinged rod may be rotated to swing the gate laterally.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
D. McEwEN, J. A. GRANTHAM.
US34129206A 1906-10-30 1906-10-30 Gate. Expired - Lifetime US850699A (en)

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