US847399A - Mercury retort and furnace. - Google Patents

Mercury retort and furnace. Download PDF

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US847399A
US847399A US31089306A US1906310893A US847399A US 847399 A US847399 A US 847399A US 31089306 A US31089306 A US 31089306A US 1906310893 A US1906310893 A US 1906310893A US 847399 A US847399 A US 847399A
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chute
ore
furnace
flue
mercury
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US31089306A
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Conrad F Brown
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Conrad F Brown
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B1/00Shaft or like vertical or substantially vertical furnaces
    • F27B1/005Shaft or like vertical or substantially vertical furnaces wherein no smelting of the charge occurs, e.g. calcining or sintering furnaces

Description

PATENT'ED MAR. 19

C. F. BROWN. MERCURY RETORT AND PURNAGE.

APPLIUATION FILED APR. 10. 1906.

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4UNITED STATES PATENT FFIC.

MERCURY REToFz-r AND FURNACE.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented March 19, 1907.

Application filed April 10, 1906. Serial No. 310,893.

To @ZZ whom, 'llt T11/wy 00u/cern:

Be it known that I, CONRAD F. BROWN, a citizen of the United States, residing at San Jose, in the county of Santa Clara and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mercury Retorts and Furnaces, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to a mercury retort and furnace to be used with liquid or gaseous fuel, preferably the former, and which can be constructed at much less expense than those heretofore used.

In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of the furnace, certain parts being shown in side elevation. Figs. 2, 3, and 4 are cross-sections of the lines 22, s 3,440fFig. 1.

Referring to the drawing, 1 represents the casing of the furnace proper, having an inwardly tapering combustion chamber 2. Into the outer end of said combustion-chamber is admitted the oil-burner 3. For use with said oil-burner there is provided a steam-pipe 4, which extends across the path of the flames from said burner, so that the steam therein is highly heated before assing tol said burner. The products of combustion then impinge against a brick wall 5 and are reilected thereby into a passage 6 over the top of the combustion-chamber and thence by a passage 7 into theiiue 8. This brick wall 5 prevents the passage of unconsumed carbon commingling with the mercury va ors.

Upon the furnace proper is the lower end of the ore-chute 9, the main part of which is supported by posts 10, erected at suitable intervals, of progressively-increasing heights and centrally supporting cross bars or rails 11. Upon said rails are laid longitudinal rails 12, and upon said longitudinal rails are laid sheets of metal 13. Upon these in turn is supported a layer of brickwork 14. This brickwork forms the lower surface of the flue S of the products of combustion, which itself forms the lower compartment of the chute. Dividing the iiue into two side compartments is a central longitudinal wall 16, and upon said wall is supported a metal plate 17, which forms the top of the iiue 8 and the bottom of the chute 9 for the ore. The ore is fed into this chute from a track 19 at the top, upon which ore-cars can travel to dump the ore into a hopper 20, formed by the top ofthe chute 9 and the front wall 21 of a vapor-chainber 22, this hopper 20 being closed by a door 23 when the ore is not being fed. The ore fed into said hopper passes down to the chute underneath said front wall 21, the bottom of which is raised a sufficient distance from said chute to permit only a portion of the ore to pass at one time, so that the ore in descending cannot clog in the chute. The slope of the chute increases downward, the slope of the upper portion being about thirty degrees, the lower portion about forty-five degrees, and the intermediate portion about midway between these angles, The top of the chute is covered by brick arches 26, and at the bottom of the chute is a closed door 27, which can be opened from time to time to permit the waste ore to be removed. The top or covering of the chute is extended at the upper end to form with the wall 21 heretofore mentioned a vapor-chamber 22, from the top of which the vapor can pass out by an outlet 25 to any suitable condenser,

The sides of the flue and chute are formed of metallic plates 2S, lined with a single layer of brick 29, and at suitable intervals along the flue there are arranged two pairs of abutments 30 31, of brick, extending into the path of the gases. At the sides of the flue in front of said abutments the bricks 29, which form the lining, are removed. The result is that the gases, striking the abutment, pass up from the flue by the opening 34 left by the removal of the bricks into the chute above, and thus mingle with the descending ore. At a suitable interval behind the iirst pair of abutments is the second pair 3l.

The operation of the furnace is as follows: Ore being dumped upon the chute at the upper end gradually descends in the manner described. At the same time the products of combustion pass upward in the flue underneath. The hottest portion of the flue is the lowest, and in this part of the chute the mercury suliids are completely roasted and the mercury vapor passes up the chute to the vapor-chamber- On arriving at the first pair of abutments 30 part of the gases pass into the intermediate portion of the chute and assist in carrying off the vapors, and after passing the second pair of abutments 31 another part of the products of combustion pass into the chute and further assist in carrying off the vapors. They also dry the ore to prepare it for the vaporization in the lowest portion of the chute.

lOO

By providing a succession of abutments 30 31 and openings 34 at suitable intervals in the lengths of the lues and chutes the heat is transferred more eiifectivelT from the Alue to the chute than when the gases pass into the chute directlyT from the iireplace.

I claiml. In a furnace of the character describedJ the combination of a combustion-chamber, a flue therefor, and a chute for the ore extending over said flue, the top of the flue forming the bottom of the chute, the Walls of the flue and chute being formed at suitable intervals in their length with passages to permit the gases to pass from the former to the latter, and means for feeding the ore at the top of the chute, substantially as described.

2. In a'urnace oi the character described, the combination of a combustion-chamber, a 'flue therefor, and a chute forming the bottom of the chute, the Walls of the i'lue and chute being formed at suitable intervals in their length with passages to permit ythe gases to pass from the former to the latter, abutments in the iiue de'flecting the gases into said passages, and means for feeding the ore at the top of the chute, substantially as described.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence ot twosubscribing Witnesses.

CONRAD F. BROWN. Witnesses:

H. J. DoUGnER'rY, T. R. DOUGHERTY.

US31089306A 1906-04-10 1906-04-10 Mercury retort and furnace. Expired - Lifetime US847399A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148128A (en) * 1961-07-10 1964-09-08 Kemmerer Coal Company Adjustable slope char oven
US3171795A (en) * 1961-06-27 1965-03-02 Kemmerer Coal Company Apparatus for carbonizing carbonaceous material
US4126518A (en) * 1976-08-20 1978-11-21 Etablissement Capitrop Method and inclined chamber furnace for carbonizing fluent carbon-containing material

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3171795A (en) * 1961-06-27 1965-03-02 Kemmerer Coal Company Apparatus for carbonizing carbonaceous material
US3148128A (en) * 1961-07-10 1964-09-08 Kemmerer Coal Company Adjustable slope char oven
US4126518A (en) * 1976-08-20 1978-11-21 Etablissement Capitrop Method and inclined chamber furnace for carbonizing fluent carbon-containing material

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