US845827A - Fluid-actuated regulated cushioned hoist. - Google Patents

Fluid-actuated regulated cushioned hoist. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US845827A
US845827A US29018105A US1905290181A US845827A US 845827 A US845827 A US 845827A US 29018105 A US29018105 A US 29018105A US 1905290181 A US1905290181 A US 1905290181A US 845827 A US845827 A US 845827A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
cylinder
piston
cut
hoist
fluid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US29018105A
Inventor
George F Steedman
Original Assignee
George F Steedman
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by George F Steedman filed Critical George F Steedman
Priority to US29018105A priority Critical patent/US845827A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US845827A publication Critical patent/US845827A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B15/00Fluid-actuated devices for displacing a member from one position to another; Gearing associated therewith
    • F15B15/20Other details, e.g. assembly with regulating devices
    • F15B15/22Other details, e.g. assembly with regulating devices for accelerating or decelerating the stroke
    • F15B15/222Other details, e.g. assembly with regulating devices for accelerating or decelerating the stroke having a piston with a piston extension or piston recess which throttles the main fluid outlet as the piston approaches its end position

Description

Not 845,827. Y PATENTED MAR. 5, 1907.` I
G. P. STEEDMAN.
FLUID AGTUATED REGULATED GUSHIONED HOIST. APPLIoATIoN FILED vso.4,19o5.
- a slums-snm -1.
E k 'd "2 l' Inven'ar."
' Z'zfwesses: gegrgai'em No. 845,827. PATENTED MAR. 5, 1.907.
' G. P. STEEDMAN.
FLUID ACTUATED REGULATED GUSHIONED HOIST.
APPLICATION FILED BECA, 1905. I
a SHEETS-SHEET 2.
---I :,....I-:l L
PTENTED' MAR. 5, 190?.
v G. F. STEBDMAN. FLUID ACTUATED REGULATED GUSHIONED HOIST.
APPLIQATIOH FILED DBO. 4, 1905.
` a Banus-sunt s.
GEORGE F. STEEDMAN,- OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
FLUID-ACTUATED REGULATED CUSHIONED HOIST.
Specification of Letters Patent.
r'atentect March. 5, 1907.
Application iled December 4,1905. Serial No. 290181- following is a full, clear, and exact description, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part ofthis speciication, in which- 4 Figure 1 is a diagrammatical view showing one arrangement of piping, cylinder', and operating-valve in which my invention is employed. Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal Sectional view through a cylinder constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view, partly in section and partly in elevation, of a slightly-modified form of the piston-controlled grading device. Fig. 4 is a still Jfurther mcdiiied for-m of the grading device, and Fig. 5 is a mcdiiied form` of a cylinder;
This invention relates to fluid-actuated hoists in which a cylinder is employed for containing a piston to be actuated by a suitable iiuid, preferably air, one of the objects of the invention being to provide means whereby the speed of the stroke of the piston as it nears either end of the cylinder will be .automatically reduced and cushioned in Such a manner that all tendency to jar or undulyvibrate will be avoided. It is desirable to provide a cushion at each end of the cylinder when the piston is adjacent thereto, which cushion is due to the compnession of the airexisting between the end of the cylinder and If the exhaust is suddenly cut ofi, the piston will be brought to a sudden stop, and as a result thereof the load carried by said piston will receive a jar, which in some cases would be injurious to the loadas, for example, 'if glass is being raised or lowered by the piston. Aside from tliis the wear 'and tear on the hoist will be severe,
and if the pressure is great enough the sudden l compression of the air is liable to blow out the cylinder-head. To overcome the objecsition of rest.
As illustrating one form of mechanism` whereby the objects of my invention may be carried out, 1 designates a cylinder, at the respective ends of Which are the cylinder-heads 2 and 3. h Each head is provided with a tube 4, comprlsing a Socket-seat 4EL Vfor the reception of hollow cut-Otis 5, of which there is one on each side of the piston 6 operable in said cylinder. In the form illustrated in Fig. 2 the cut-OIT is hollow and is provided with a'series of perforations -7 in the form of a spiral, and as the piston moves toward the respective ends of the cylinder either of the cut-offs 5 will be'intrcduced into its particular socket-seat 4a. the tube 4 is in communication with an exhaust-pipe 8, communicating with the seat 4a through the recess 9, and the Vcylinder receives its supply through a supply-pipe 10, in communication with the cylinder through the recess 11.
It will beobserved that the cylinder-heads are arranged so as to be interchangeable one for the other. The cylinder-head through which the piston-stem projects is provided with a packing 12, held in place by a gland 13, while the head in the opposite end of the cylinder has its opening 14 closed by a plug 15, which plug may be interchanged for the gland and packing in the opposite head, which gland and packing are in a recess corresponding to the opening 14.
The operation oi' the form illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 may be described as Jfollows: The arrangement of piping is similar to that illustrated in my prior patent, No. 840,877, dated January 8, 1907, and shown in Fig. 1. The operating-valve 16 may be turned so as to exhaust the motive Huid from the ipe 17 incommunication with the upper enclof the cylinder and which is in communication with The recess formed by the regulating device 18. The -regulating device 18 is preferably of the same construction as that shown in Fig. 5 of the drawings of my patent referred to, so that a detailed description of same is not deemed necessary. The piston will be raised at the maximum speed until the hollow cut-ofi 5 begins to enter the socket-seat 4, through which the fluid has been exhausting. As the end of the hollow cut-OH 5 enters the socket-seat the exhaust will be initially cut offwthat is to say, the iiuid cannot exhaust through the socket-seat 4a to the extent to which it previously exhausted, because the size of the opening will be decreased. In other words,
IOO
IOS.A
IIO
as soon as the end of the cut-oil 5 enters the opening surrounded by the free end of the flange 4 the air will be permitted only to pass through the perforations 7. At first the air may pass through all of the perforations; but as the cut-oil' continues to enter the socketseat the perforations will successively bccome closed 011 account of the imperlorate lange 4 until all of the perforations,or practically all of them, will be closed. It will be apparent that as the perforations successively close the volume of the exhaust will decrease, so that while a cushion is formed at the end of the cylinder the stopping of the piston will be gradual and any tendency to unduly vibrate or jar will be avoided.
In order to illustrate one method of assembling the parts, I have shown the construction in Fig. 2 as including a piston-stein 19, having a threaded end projecting' through the respective cut-ofl's and through the piston. l/Vhile this is an inexpensive and convenient manner of assembling the parts; I
would have it understood that I do not wislr to limit myself to this exact arrangement,
- but reserve the right to employ other methods for accomplishing the same result.
In the form illustrated in Fig. 3 the flange 4 is substantially the same in construction as the iiange in Fig. 2. The cut-off, however, is tapered, said cut-off being designated by the reference-numeral 20, the taper thereof being toward the free end. Thus it will be seen that as the cut-off begins .to enter the socket-seat 4a the opening will begin to be restricted until by the time the cut-off is in the position indicated in dotted lines the cylinder Will haVeceased-to exhaust and the piston will be cushioned. l
vIn Fig. 4 I have illustrated a still further modified form of cut-off, which is designated by the reference-numeral 21, and-which consists of a hollow cylinder having a plurality of longitudinally-arranged slots 22 therein, which slots-are. so arranged that as the cutoff moves into the socket-seat the slots will become less exposed, and thereby gradually cut off the exhaust in a manner similar to the operation described as applied to the construction shoWn in Fig. 2.
In Fig. 5 I have illustrated the cut-off as being on the outside of the cylinder at the end thereof, and it is obvious that this form may be employed without materially departing from the spirit of the invention.1 By so constructing the device that the cut-off is on the outside a saving of material is effected, because it willnot require as much material to form the cylinder. Therefore I do not limit my invention to a cut-oil'1 on the inside of the cylinder.
In describing the above invention I have referred to the cylinder as being of the .`vertical type, in which the piston has an ascending and descending movement. How-l ever, I reserve the right to arrange the cylinder horizontal] or at an other angle and D 5 wherever the terms vert1cal, top, or
bottom, ascending, or descending,
let and outlet openings in the cylinder-heads,
a piston in the cylinder, a piston-stem'projecting through one of the central openings, a plug in the other cylinder-opening, and means carried by the piston for cutting ofll communication between the outlet-openings and the cylinder; substantially as described.
2. In a device of the class described, the combination with a cylinder provided with heads having inlet and outlet openings, flanges formed integral with the respective heads of the cylindei` yand forming socketseats which'communicate with the exhaustopenings in the heads of the cylinder, said flanges being spaced away from the side walls of the cylinder, a piston in the cylinder, and hollow cut-offs carried by the piston and having openings in the walls thereof and insertible in the socket-seats whereby communication between the socket-seats and cylinder may be had only through the 'walls of the cut-off, substantially as described.
3. In a device of the class described, the combination with a cylinder having inletopenings, a hollow member at each end of the cylinder and communicating with an exhaust-opening in the end of the cylinder and spaced away from the side walls of the cylinder, a piston, concentric cut-offs carried by the piston and movable thereby into said hollow members whereby communication may be cut off between the exhaust and the cylinder substantially as described.
4. A device of the class described, comprising a cylinder having inlet and outlet openings, a source of supply, tubes connected to the source of supply and to the inlet-openings, a piston operating in the cylinder, and an exhaust cut-off carried by the piston, in combination with means for controlling the admission and exhaust of the motive iiuid to and from the cylinder; substantially as described.
In testimony whereof ,I hereunto aflix my Signature, in the presence of two witnesses, this 21st day of November, 1905.
GEORGE F. STEEDMAN.
Witnesses:
HARRY A. HEPER, T. R. CLARKSON.
ICO
lIO
US29018105A 1905-12-04 1905-12-04 Fluid-actuated regulated cushioned hoist. Expired - Lifetime US845827A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US29018105A US845827A (en) 1905-12-04 1905-12-04 Fluid-actuated regulated cushioned hoist.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US29018105A US845827A (en) 1905-12-04 1905-12-04 Fluid-actuated regulated cushioned hoist.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US845827A true US845827A (en) 1907-03-05

Family

ID=2914291

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US29018105A Expired - Lifetime US845827A (en) 1905-12-04 1905-12-04 Fluid-actuated regulated cushioned hoist.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US845827A (en)

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2488270A (en) * 1944-03-20 1949-11-15 Joy Mfg Co Pressure fluid motor
US2493602A (en) * 1947-12-31 1950-01-03 Vance C Sterrett Pressure fluid motor
US2539720A (en) * 1948-09-10 1951-01-30 John C Bender Fluid motor with valve disk and cushioning means
US2574751A (en) * 1948-12-03 1951-11-13 Filer & Stowell Co Engine for producing reciprocatory motion having substantially constant velocity except during reversals
US2588520A (en) * 1946-10-12 1952-03-11 Minneapolis Moline Co Hydraulically operated check valve mechanism
US2625963A (en) * 1950-05-16 1953-01-20 Us Bedding Co Spring assembling machine
US2642845A (en) * 1950-12-20 1953-06-23 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Piston cushioning apparatus
US2719510A (en) * 1951-07-21 1955-10-04 Tomkin Johnson Company Cushion construction for air cylinders
US2783859A (en) * 1954-12-16 1957-03-05 Gabriel Co Shock absorber with compression stop
US2786452A (en) * 1954-11-29 1957-03-26 Hannifin Corp Fluid actuated cylinder having fluid cushion means
US2790426A (en) * 1952-06-11 1957-04-30 Mueller Otto Fluid device having joints in swiveled fluid conducting relationship
US2798711A (en) * 1948-02-27 1957-07-09 Joy Mfg Co Apparatus for mining coal or other minerals from the solid with deeply penetrating bits
US2882869A (en) * 1955-12-12 1959-04-21 Krapf John Albert Piston cushioned fluid pressure actuator
US2888106A (en) * 1955-07-06 1959-05-26 Renault Lubricated multiple stage damper
US2906248A (en) * 1955-05-13 1959-09-29 Renault Differential pneumatic hoist
US2932985A (en) * 1954-02-08 1960-04-19 Thompson Grinder Co Long piston rods and motor embodying the same
US2960968A (en) * 1960-03-18 1960-11-22 Jr Joseph Auer High capacity fluid brake
US2965074A (en) * 1958-10-29 1960-12-20 O D Herron Hydraulic stop device
DE1128624B (en) * 1955-04-28 1962-04-26 Renault Double-acting compressed air lifting device
DE1131379B (en) * 1955-05-13 1962-06-14 Renault Air operated lifting device
US3225842A (en) * 1963-01-07 1965-12-28 Rex Chainbelt Inc Self-propelled percussion tool assembly
US3264942A (en) * 1964-05-18 1966-08-09 Witt Machine Co Inc Hydraulic cushion assembly
US3402592A (en) * 1965-03-02 1968-09-24 Davy & United Eng Co Ltd Manipulators
US3415169A (en) * 1966-06-10 1968-12-10 Euclid Hydraulic cylinder
US3491653A (en) * 1967-08-09 1970-01-27 Edward H Eastin Fluid actuators with flow control
US3496838A (en) * 1967-05-15 1970-02-24 Pall Corp Self-purging hydraulic cylinder
US4543977A (en) * 1982-10-30 1985-10-01 Beloit Corporation Valves
US4590818A (en) * 1983-04-07 1986-05-27 Tochigifujisangyo Kabushikigaisha Speed change gear shift rod
DE3545935A1 (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-06-25 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Piston/cylinder arrangement
US5313872A (en) * 1993-04-28 1994-05-24 Foster Raymond K End of stroke cushion for a linear hydraulic motor

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2488270A (en) * 1944-03-20 1949-11-15 Joy Mfg Co Pressure fluid motor
US2588520A (en) * 1946-10-12 1952-03-11 Minneapolis Moline Co Hydraulically operated check valve mechanism
US2493602A (en) * 1947-12-31 1950-01-03 Vance C Sterrett Pressure fluid motor
US2798711A (en) * 1948-02-27 1957-07-09 Joy Mfg Co Apparatus for mining coal or other minerals from the solid with deeply penetrating bits
US2539720A (en) * 1948-09-10 1951-01-30 John C Bender Fluid motor with valve disk and cushioning means
US2574751A (en) * 1948-12-03 1951-11-13 Filer & Stowell Co Engine for producing reciprocatory motion having substantially constant velocity except during reversals
US2625963A (en) * 1950-05-16 1953-01-20 Us Bedding Co Spring assembling machine
US2642845A (en) * 1950-12-20 1953-06-23 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Piston cushioning apparatus
US2719510A (en) * 1951-07-21 1955-10-04 Tomkin Johnson Company Cushion construction for air cylinders
US2790426A (en) * 1952-06-11 1957-04-30 Mueller Otto Fluid device having joints in swiveled fluid conducting relationship
US2932985A (en) * 1954-02-08 1960-04-19 Thompson Grinder Co Long piston rods and motor embodying the same
US2786452A (en) * 1954-11-29 1957-03-26 Hannifin Corp Fluid actuated cylinder having fluid cushion means
US2783859A (en) * 1954-12-16 1957-03-05 Gabriel Co Shock absorber with compression stop
DE1128624B (en) * 1955-04-28 1962-04-26 Renault Double-acting compressed air lifting device
DE1131379B (en) * 1955-05-13 1962-06-14 Renault Air operated lifting device
US2906248A (en) * 1955-05-13 1959-09-29 Renault Differential pneumatic hoist
US2888106A (en) * 1955-07-06 1959-05-26 Renault Lubricated multiple stage damper
US2882869A (en) * 1955-12-12 1959-04-21 Krapf John Albert Piston cushioned fluid pressure actuator
US2965074A (en) * 1958-10-29 1960-12-20 O D Herron Hydraulic stop device
US2960968A (en) * 1960-03-18 1960-11-22 Jr Joseph Auer High capacity fluid brake
US3225842A (en) * 1963-01-07 1965-12-28 Rex Chainbelt Inc Self-propelled percussion tool assembly
US3264942A (en) * 1964-05-18 1966-08-09 Witt Machine Co Inc Hydraulic cushion assembly
US3402592A (en) * 1965-03-02 1968-09-24 Davy & United Eng Co Ltd Manipulators
US3415169A (en) * 1966-06-10 1968-12-10 Euclid Hydraulic cylinder
US3496838A (en) * 1967-05-15 1970-02-24 Pall Corp Self-purging hydraulic cylinder
US3491653A (en) * 1967-08-09 1970-01-27 Edward H Eastin Fluid actuators with flow control
US4543977A (en) * 1982-10-30 1985-10-01 Beloit Corporation Valves
US4590818A (en) * 1983-04-07 1986-05-27 Tochigifujisangyo Kabushikigaisha Speed change gear shift rod
DE3545935A1 (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-06-25 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Piston/cylinder arrangement
US5313872A (en) * 1993-04-28 1994-05-24 Foster Raymond K End of stroke cushion for a linear hydraulic motor

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20020066482A1 (en) Safety device for a fluid transmission
US840877A (en) Fluid-actuated cushioned hoist.
US899795A (en) Fluid-pressure motor.
US2745387A (en) Reciprocating fluid motor and valve mechanism therefor
US651334A (en) Valve for hydraulic motors.
US335855A (en) Steam-actuated valve
US1490141A (en) Compressor valve
US2403582A (en) Power hammer
US412327A (en) gibson
US978579A (en) Air-valve.
US1012725A (en) Motor and compressor.
US531792A (en) Elevator apparatus
US610479A (en) Valve-check
US560230A (en) powers
US1132203A (en) Automatic stop-valve mechanism.
US1993292A (en) Flow regulator for plunger lift pumps
US1129362A (en) Automatic pneumatic pump.
US845827A (en) Fluid-actuated regulated cushioned hoist.
US3138113A (en) Multi-stage displacement pump
US786409A (en) Pneumatic jack.
US804510A (en) Pneumatic hoist.
US650777A (en) Hydraulic valve.
US191516A (en) Improvement in telescopic or hydraulic elevators
US1251563A (en) Valve mechanism.
US677137A (en) Pump.