US844984A - Mechanical musical instrument. - Google Patents

Mechanical musical instrument. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US844984A
US844984A US19044604A US1904190446A US844984A US 844984 A US844984 A US 844984A US 19044604 A US19044604 A US 19044604A US 1904190446 A US1904190446 A US 1904190446A US 844984 A US844984 A US 844984A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pedal
valve
levers
motor
series
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US19044604A
Inventor
Philip Wuest Jr
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AUTO-MANUAL PIANO ACTION Co
AUTO MANUAL PIANO ACTION Co
Original Assignee
AUTO MANUAL PIANO ACTION Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by AUTO MANUAL PIANO ACTION Co filed Critical AUTO MANUAL PIANO ACTION Co
Priority to US19044604A priority Critical patent/US844984A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US844984A publication Critical patent/US844984A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10FAUTOMATIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10F1/00Automatic musical instruments
    • G10F1/02Pianofortes with keyboard

Description

No. 844,984. PATENTED FEB. 19. 190:
v P. WUEST, JR.
MECHANICAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
APPLICATION FILED JAN.25,1904.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
WITNESSES: INVENTOR:
PATENTED FEB. '19, 1907.
P. WUEST, JR. MECHANICAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
APPLIGATION FILED JAN.26,1904.
a SHEETS-SHEET z.
FIZZ-1K PATENTED FEB. 19, 1907.
P. WUEST, JR. MECHANICAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
APPLICATION FILED JAN.25, 1904.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
FIGJT.
INVENTOR; Pfl/L/P wmfsrmg WITNESSES:
UNITED sT rEs PATENT OEEIOEQ PHILIP WUEST, JR, or PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, AssieNoR TO THE AUTO-MANUAL PIANO-ACTION COMPANY, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYL- vANIA, A CORPORATION or NEW JERSEY. Y
MECHANICAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
To all whont it may concern.-
Be it known that I, PHILIP WUEs'r, Jr., of Philadelphia, in the State of Pem'lsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mechanical Musical Instruments, whereof the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
, My invention relates particularly to that class of instrumentsknown as pianopla:y' er. Such an instrument comprises a series of finger-levers arranged to impinge upon the digitals of a piano or similar instrument and actuated in any predetermined sequence by means of respective pneumatic mechanisms controlled by a web of perforated paper, which is progressed over a pneumatic trackerbar provided with a series of apertures correspending with said series of finger-levers.
Broadly considered, it is the object of my invention to provide means to operate the pedals of a piano or similar instrument, par ticularly the loud pedal, in proper accord with the music being played and without the interposition of the operator, although in the form of my invention hereinafter described the pedal mechanism is so arranged as to be manually controlled by the Operator, if desired.
In Letters Patent ofthe United States No. 7 44,990, granted to me November 24, 1903, I disclosed a device-for the purpose above described of which it is characteristic that a selected series of levers ,operatively related to the strings of a piano or similar instrument have common control of the mechanism for-operating the pedal, so that the latter is depressed automatically and is not released so long as any one of said controlling-levers is maintained in operation.
Inasmuch as some musical compositions contain legato runs and similar passages involving such sequence of operation of the levers in the controlling series as to continuously maintain the pedal in operation when constructed as above described, it is one object of my present invention to provide means for automatically releasing the pedal during the operation of the levers of the coni valve taken on the line V1 VI in Fig. III. Fig. V H is a front elevation of the oscillatory trolling series, so as to avoid discords which are rendered possible by the prolonged freedom of the strings incident to the continued depression of the loud pedal.
Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed January 25, 1904' Serial No. 190.446.
- aforesaid.
Patented Feb. 19, 1907.
As hereinafter described, my invention contemplates such a construction and arrangement that'the pedaloperating mechane ism may be operated as the result of the initial movement of any one of the levers selected to control it and may be released as a consequence of its own movement. For instance, as hereinafter described, my present invention contemplates a pedal operating device which may be controlled by a selected series of finger-levers and which when set in motion by the control of any one of said levers effects its own release by moving a pneumatic valve and returns to normal position automatically, to be.again set in operation automatically by the operation of any lever of said series.
i\loreover, as hereinafter described, my invention also contemplates the automatic operation of the pedal-applying device Independently of the control of the series of levers In the latter form of my invention the pedal is operated and released by the rhythmic movement of said device in accordance with the rhythm or tempo of the'composition being played, means being provided to adjust said device to any given rhythm, so that variations in the rhythmic movement of said device may be automatically effected by and in accordance with variations in the pneumatic pressure incident to variations in the rh thm of any composition.
1y invention comprehends the various novel features of construction and arrangement hereinafter more definitely specified.
In the drawings, Figure I is a fragmentary front elevation of a musical instrument comprising a convenient embodiment of my in vention. Fig. 11 is a sectional view of the pneumatic motor of the automatic pedal-o crating device. Fig. III is a plan view oft e manually-operated slide-valve by which the automatic pedal-operating device may be rendered idle, if desired. Fig. IV is a longi tudinal sectional view of said slide-valve, taken on the line 1V 1V in Fig. Ill. Fig. V is a transverse sectional view of said slidevalve, taken on the line V V in Fig. 111. Fig. VI is a transverse sectional view of said slidevalve, which is controlled by the selected series of finger-levers. Fig. V 111 is a vertical sectional view of said oscillatory valve, taken on the line VIII VIII in Fig. VII. Fig. IX is a transverse sectional viewof said oscillatory valve,-taken on the line IX IX in Fig. VIII. Fig. X is a longitudinal sectional view of the automatic pedal-releasing valve, taken on the line X X in Fig. I. Fig. XI is an end ele 'ation of said musical instrument shown in Fig. I.
In said figures, 1 is the casing of the instrument, in which is mounted the series of iingerdevers 2, arranged to impinge upon the digitals of a piano or similar instrument. Said linger-levers 2 are operated by respectively independent pneumatic mechanisms, which are located within the casing 1 below the table 5 thereof and controlled by a perforated paper web 8, which is initially wound upon the roller 9 and unwound from said roller and wound upon the roller 10 by the operation of the instrument. Said web 8 being thus progressed with respect to .the pneu matlc tracker-bar 12 opens and closes its apertures 13, which are arranged in a series corresponding with the series of finger-levers 2,
and thus effects the operation of said levers 2.
in any sequence predetermined bythc arrangement of the perforations in said web 8. The vertical rod 16, (shown at the left-hand side of Fig. I.) which is piv-otally connected to the bell-crank lever 17, whose fulcrum 18 is in stationary relation with the casing 1, is provided at its lower end with means to depress the pedal of the piano when said rod is raised. Said lever 17 is provided with two upwardly-extending arms 21 and 22. arm 21 is connected by the link 24 with the lever 25, which being pivoted at its lower extremity is conveniently flattened at its upper extremity 26, as indicated in Fig. I, to be readily fingered by the operator, who may thereby manually depress the loud pedal. The other arm 22 of said lever 17 is connected with a pneumatic motor, by which it may be, operated to depress the loud pedal automatically, as follows: Said arm 22 is connected by the link 27 with the lever 28 of the pneumatic-motor bellows 29, which latter by collapsing, as hereinafter described, shifts the lever 17, and thereby depresses said loud pedal. The operation of said bellows 29 is controlled by the pneumatic diaphragm 31, (shown in Fig. II,) which is mounted in the primary valve-box 32 andprovided with a vent-valve 34 and the exhaust-valve 35, coupled. by the rod 36. The valves 34 and 35 respectively register with the vr-ntport 37 and the exhaust.port 38, and said valves nor- The 1 the main exhaust-bellows of the instrument through the conduit 40, and the arrangement is such that when the conduit 4], beneath the diaphragm 31, is closed said diaphragm is depressed and the valves 34 and 35 maintained in the position shown by the external atmosphere opposed to the partial vacuum within said box 32. When, however, the conduit 41 is open to the atmosphere, the ditference in between the exhaust-conduit 4t) and the bypass duct 42 is such that the diaphragm 31 is instantly uplifted, the ventport 37 closed, and the exhaust-port 38 opened. Communication being thus established between the bellows 29 and the exhaust-conduit 40, said bellows is collapsed,
and by the link 27, lever-arm 22, level" 17, p &c., the loud pedal of the piano is automatic ally depressed against the stress of a spring, which tends to restore the mechanism aforesaid to its normal position. The pedal may be released and the motor-bellows 29 'restored to its normal position by closing said.
'conduit 41, for thereby the pressure above and below the diaphragm 31 is equalized through theby-pass duct 42. The port 38 is closed bythe valve 35, the port 37 simultaneously opened, and the bellows 29 inflated by atmospheric pressure through the port 37. As hereinafter described, the loud pedal may be depressed and released by said motor-bellows 29 by respectively opening and 7 closing said conduit 41 in either of three ways: first, by manually shifting a valve 50 both to open and close it; second, by manually shifting said valve 50 to openit and automatically shitting a releasing-valve 63 to close it: third, by automatically shifting a valve 72 to open it under control of any one of a selected series of said finger-levers 2 and automatically shifting said releasing-valve 63 to close it.
Referring to Figs. I and III to IX, inclusive, said conduit 41, above described with reference to Fig. II, extends to the slidevalve casing 44, wherein it terminates in the ports 45 and 46, respectively adjoining the ports 47 and 48. All of said ports are norinally closed by the slide-valve 50 when it is shifted to a position wherein its recess 51 is intermediate of the ports 45 and 46. Said valve 50 is provided with a rod 54, WllOSe upper extremity 55 extends adjacent to theupper extremity of the lever 25 and is likewise flattened to be readily fingered by the operator. The motor-bellows 29 may be collapsed and the pedal thereby depressed by manually shitting said valve 50 until its recess 51 mallv occupy the position shown in Fig. II, l establishes communication between the port wherein the bellows 29 in communication l 45andthe port 47,which latter opens directly with the atmosphere through the port 37 and l to the outer atmosphere. In such case the may be rocked idly back and forth when the erator employing the lever 25. Said valveloud pedal is manually depressed by the OPr pedal remains d epr'essed by the motor 29 until the-valve 50 is manually shifted to cut ofi communicat on between the conduit 41 and box 32 is in constant communication with t the atmosphere through said valve-ports 45 ward the right-hand side of Fig. I, closing and 47. When it is desired to manually inivalve 72 is provided with the adjustable stud tiate the operation'of said pedal by said moically, the valve is manually shifted to the position shown in Figs. I, III, and IV, its recess 51 establishes communication between the ports 46 and 48 in the casing-44. Said port 48 opens into the conduit 57, and the latter terminates in the port 55% in the valve-casing 59, adjoining the port 60,which l latter, as shown in full lines in Fig. X, opens to the atmosphere through the valve-casing 59. Said ports 58 and 60 are normally in j communication through the recess 62 in the j slide-valve 63, whose upwardly-projeating 1 tappet 64 is encountered and shifted by the collar 66 on the link 24 as the mechanism moves to the position shown in F ig. I, corresponding with the release of the pedal. Said tappet 64 isencountered by the collar 67 on said link 24 during the movement of said mechanism to depress the pedal, so that the tappet 64then shifts said slide-valve 63 tocommunication between said ports 58 and 60 in the valve-casing 59, thus closin common cation between the conduit 41 an the atmos phere, restoring the motor-valves 34. and 35 to the position shown in Fi II, and thus per mitting the distention of the bellows 29 and the release of the pedal as a consequence of the initial movement of the mechanism to dc press the pedal. Upon being released, as above described, the mechanism, including the link 24 and lever-arms 21 and 22, is returned ,toward the left-hand side of Fig. l by the spring before referred to as tending to re-- store the pedal to its normal position. During such return movement the collar 66, carried by the link 24, encounters the tappet 64 and returns the slide-valve 3 to the position shown in Figs. I and X, wherein the ports 58 and 60 are in communication, and if said port 60 is open to the atmosphere, asabove contemplated, another impulse of the motor-bel lows 29 results and the mechanism continues to operate to automatically depress and automatically release the pedal by the rhythmic reciprocation of the parts above described, determined by the pneumatic pressureincicent to the rhythm of the musical composition being played. It is to be understood that proper rhy thmic movement of said mechanism may be attained by adjustment of said collars 66 and 67 on said link 24. When it is desired to initiate the operation of the pedal by said motor 29 under the control of any one of a selected series of said finger-levers 2, said port. 60 is connected by the conduit 69 with the port 70 in the valve-casing 7i. Said port 70 is normally-closed by the valve 72, which is mounted to oscillate upon the pin 73 under stress of the spring 74, which tends to close it and whose upper extremity is fixed in said casing 71-? fire free lower extremity 75 of said 77 for operative contact with the swingor tor 29 and then effect its release automatl bail-shaped lever comprising the horizontal l member 78 and the vertical arms 80 and 81 wherein l at its opposite ends, which arnts, as shown in Fig. I, are respectively mounted. for oscillation in the stationary bearings 82 and 83. As shown in Fig. I, said swing-lever. member 7 8 is common to and arranged to be actuated by the vertical arms of the first sixteen of the series of finger-levers 2, counting from the left-hand end of said series, as slniwn in Fig. l. i he respective finger-levers 2 in said selected group of sixteen correspond with the first sixteen tones of the lower register of the piano or similar instrument which my invention is arranged to play, and it is designed that any chord of tones produced by the automatic progression of the perforated web 8 shall include at least one of the selected group, with the result that the operation of the fingerlever corresponding with the bass tone of any chord shall not only produce that tone by encounter with its corresponding digital, but shallalso simultaneously oscillate the swinglever 78, operate the valve 72 to open the port '79 to the atmosphere, thereby ell'ecting the collapse of the pneumatic bellows '29, and through the links and levers connected with the latter depress the loud pedal and maintain it in depressed position. until the conduit 41 is again closed to the atmosphere-for instance, by the automatic movement of the re leasing-valve 63, as above lQSC-XlbQ/ll.
Although in the embodiment of my invenpress the pedal as to eil'ect the release of the latter.
It may he noted that my invention may be advantageously employed in connection with an ordinary commercial perforated web, without any alteration or addition to said web to thereby secure the correct operation of the pedal oi' the instrument played upon without the attention of the operator, who may be entirely ignorant of the proper operation of said pedal. It may he also noted that when the releasing-valve 63' and the parts connected therewith are properly adjusted, as above described, the maximum efliciency of the loud pedal may be secured by the rhythmic depression and release of said pedal automatically without the attention of the operator and independently of the control of the iinger-leyers simply by the pneumatic pressure present in the instiument at any instant, which pressure varies with therhytlunic pulse of the music played, so as to afford the tor through manipulation of the pumping tion a'ilects said soundingdevices; a pncusee,
character'of thecompositio'n being played. That is to say, the operating connections oi said valve 63-may beso adjustedthat the pedal is automatically depressed and released with every pulse or every accented greatest possible freedom of the s rings and volume of tone Without discord, the vibration of the strings being automatically checked by each release of the pedal conse quent upon each operative inovement'thereof. Moreover, the operating connections oi said releasing-valve 63 may be so adjusted as to maintain communication ietween the conduit ll and the-atmosphere through the' ports 58 and 60 under normal;pneumatic pressure Within the instrin'nent, so that a decrease in such pressure is required to effect the r'elas'e of the pedal by closure of said valve, which may be attained by the operan'iechanism alone. In other Words, with the arrangement last contemplated the loud pedal may be contr lle'd both asto its depression and, as to its release by variations in the pneumatic pressure in the instrument occasioned at the Will of the operator and Without direct manipulation of any element of the pedal-operating mechanism above described.
Although'l have shown my invention embodied in the particular form of piano-player known commercially as the pianola, i do not desire to limit myseh to such embodiment or to such construction of my invention as is adapted thereto, as it is; ob ions that various modifications may he made Without departing from the essential features of my invention.
1. In a musical instrument, the'combination with a series of levers adapted to open ate'sounding devices; or" a pedal Whose operation atlects said sounding o'evices; a'motor adapted to operate said pedal; and, pneumatic means-arranged to release said pedal automatically as a consequence of the opera tion of said motor, sulrstantially as set Forth.
2'. .ln a musical instrument, the comhina tion with a series of levers adapted to operate sounding devices of a pedal whose operamatic motor adapted to operate said pedal; a pneumatic valve controlling the operation of said motor and, means arranged to control said. valve automatically as a consequence ol the movement of said motor, substantially as set forth.
3. In a musical instrument, the combina tion With series ol levers adapted to operate sounding devices; oi a motor; means arranged to operatively connect said motor with a pedal Whose operation atlects said sounding devices; pneumatic means arranged toi in iti'ate the operation of said motor; and,
releasing means connected with said motor to check the movement of the latter and release the petlal as a consequence ol its operative movement, sutstantially set forth.
In a musical instrument, the combination with a series of levers adapted to operate sounding devices; of a pneumatic motor; means arranged to operatively connect said motor with a pedal Whose operation ali'ects said sounding devices; a pneumatic valve arran ed to initiate the operation of said motor; and, a pneumatic releasing-valve operatively connected with said. motor to ellect the reverse movement of the latter and the release of said pedal as consequence of i s t operative movement, substantially as set forth. I
5. In a musical instrument, the combination 'ith. a series of levers adapted. to open atesounding devices; of a pedal Whose operation all'ects said sounding devices; a motor arranged to operate said pedal a pneumatic tracker-lair; mechanism arranged to operate the respective levers in any sequence predetermined by perforations in web traversin sai l bar; a pneun'iatic valve connecting said motcr with the mccl'ianisn'i actuating said levers and arranged to initiate the ()[JCFEitlQH of said meter; and, a pneumatic valve arranged to release saiil peilal automatically a consequence of the operation of said motor, substantially as set forth.
e. in a musical instrument, the combination. with a series of levers a'laptezl to operate sounding devices; of a peialwl'icse operation affects sai .i Sir'Llllt'iiD devices; a motor adapted to operate said pe l means arrai'igeil to initiate operation of sail motor by a selected one ofsai .1 levers; and, means indepen-zlcnt of sairl levers emerged to release said pedal autijimatically as a consequence of the opcration of sai-L'l motor, substantially as set l orth.
'7. In a-musical instrument, the combination with a series of levers opcratively re latecl to the st ings of a piano or similar instriuncnt; o1 pneumatic l'racl e1'-bar; mechanism to operate saizl lovers in any sequence preleterminerl by pcrlorati.ons in. a Web traversing said tracker i381; mechanism comprising a motor cperativcly connected to operate the pedal cl a piano or similar instrun'ient; a pneumatic valve arranged to render saitl motor operative; a pneumatic valve arranged to release or'render said mo: tor inoperative; and, an ai'ljustable operative connection. between said pedal operating mechanism and said releasing-valve, sub stantially as set i' .rth. i
8. in a'musical iustrun'icnt, the combination with a series ol lovers adapted to operate sound lug" devices; of a pedal Whose operation ail'ccts saial soui-iding devices amotor adaptel to operate said pedal; means arangcd to release said pedal automati rally as a 001156? quence of the operation of said motor;- and, means to adjustably vary the actuating element of said releasing means, substantially as set fort h.-
9. In a musical instrument, the combination with a series of finger-levers arranged to impinge upon the digitals of a piano or similar instrument; of mechanism. arranged to operate the pedal of a piano or similar instrument;' means arranged to automatically ei'l ect the operation ol said mechanism, eontemporaneously with the operation of a selected finger-lever; means to render said mechanism independent of said linger-lever at the will of the operator; and, means arranged to automatically release said pedal independently of said finger-lever, substantially as set forth.
10'. in a musical instrument, the combination. with a series of linger-levers arranged to impinge upon the digitals of a piano or similar instrument; of mechanism adapted to engage the pezlal of a piano or similar instrument; means arranged to automatically effeet the operation of said mechanism contemporaneously with the operation of a selected finger-lever; means to automatically release said pedal independently of said finger-lrwer and, means arranged to place said mechain ism under the control of said finger-lever and remove it therefrom at the will of the operator, substantially as set forth.
1]. ln a musical instrument, the combination with a series of levers operatively related to sounding devices; of a pneumatic tracker-bar; mechanism arranged to operate the respective levers in any sequei'ice prede termined by [)OTfOIzLt-lODS in a Web traversing said bar; member adapted to engage a pedal affecting said. smmding devices; means adapted to operate said 'n'ien'iber under control of a selected lever of said series and means arranged to release said member, after its operation, independently of said controlling fingerdever, substantially as set forth.
12. In a musical instrument, the oombination with a series of levers operatively re lated to the strings of a piano or similar in: strument; of a pneumatic tracker bar; mechanism arranged to operate the respective levers in any sequence predetermined by perforations in a Web traversing said trackerbar; a member adapted to engage the pedal of a piano or similar instrument; a motor ar ranged to operate said member; a pneumatic valve arranged to render said member open ative; and, means independent of said levers arranged to release said member as a consequence of the movement of operation of sain member, substantially as set forth.
13. In a musical instrument, the comb ne-- tion With a series of levers operatively related to the strings of a piano or similar instrument; of a pneumatic tracker bar; mechanism arranged to operate the respective levers in any sequence predetern'nned by perforations in a Web traversing said trackerbar a member adapted to engage the pedal of a piano or similar instrument; a motor arranged to operate said member; pneu matic valve arranges to render said :rnember operative; and, a pneumatic valve ar ranged to release said member as a cons quence of the movement of operation of said member, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, this 23d day of January, 190%.
PHILIP "NUEST,
Witnesses:
ARTHUR E. PAIGE, ANNA F. Gnrzrnnan.
US19044604A 1904-01-25 1904-01-25 Mechanical musical instrument. Expired - Lifetime US844984A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US19044604A US844984A (en) 1904-01-25 1904-01-25 Mechanical musical instrument.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US19044604A US844984A (en) 1904-01-25 1904-01-25 Mechanical musical instrument.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US844984A true US844984A (en) 1907-02-19

Family

ID=2913449

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US19044604A Expired - Lifetime US844984A (en) 1904-01-25 1904-01-25 Mechanical musical instrument.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US844984A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US844984A (en) Mechanical musical instrument.
US744990A (en) Mechanical musical instrument.
US1097706A (en) Pneumatic self-playing musical instrument.
US1186975A (en) Self-playing piano.
US798442A (en) Tone-modifying device for mechanical musical instruments.
US752060A (en) Pneumatic action for mechanical musical instruments and players
US1197575A (en) Automatic musical instrument.
US1103854A (en) Mechanical music-playing instrument.
US951276A (en) Piano.
US754886A (en) Means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments.
US1183168A (en) Governing device for pneumatic piano-player action.
US833026A (en) Mechanical musical instrument.
US1043501A (en) Mechanical musical instrument.
US1312195A (en) Player-piano
US1325294A (en) By cecil
US1101690A (en) Music-sheet for self-playing apparatus.
US850366A (en) Pneumatically-operated musical instrument.
US797389A (en) Self-playing piano.
US1183210A (en) Solo device for player-pianos and the like.
US1354045A (en) Expression device for automatic musical instruments
US1265792A (en) Expression device for automatic musical instruments.
US1038581A (en) Means to assist tuning pneumatically-operated musical instruments.
US1242466A (en) Expression control for musical instruments.
US742760A (en) Means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments.
US1193939A (en) Matic action co