US841606A - Operating mechanism. - Google Patents

Operating mechanism. Download PDF

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Publication number
US841606A
US841606A US31127306A US1906311273A US841606A US 841606 A US841606 A US 841606A US 31127306 A US31127306 A US 31127306A US 1906311273 A US1906311273 A US 1906311273A US 841606 A US841606 A US 841606A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
spider
shaft
arm
lever
gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US31127306A
Inventor
Thomas J Winans
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nineteen Hundred Washer Co
Original Assignee
Nineteen Hundred Washer Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Nineteen Hundred Washer Co filed Critical Nineteen Hundred Washer Co
Priority to US31127306A priority Critical patent/US841606A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US841606A publication Critical patent/US841606A/en
Priority claimed from US407339A external-priority patent/US892923A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/06Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by the drive
    • B60S1/08Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by the drive electrically driven
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18416Rotary to alternating rotary
    • Y10T74/18456Crank, pitman, and lever

Description

./ No. 841,606. PATBNTED JAN. 15, 1907.

. T. J. WI'NANS. Y.

OPERATING MECHANISM.

APPLICATION FILED APR.12,1906.

3 SRBBTS-SHEBT 1.

PATENTE JAN. 15, 1907.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

'I'. J. WINANS. -0PLRLUI'IIQG MECHANISM.

APPLXCATION FILED APR.12.1906.

we n oz attenua,

1u: nonni: Prrzks co.. wAsulNuroN. D, c.

' PATENTD JAN. 15, 1907. T. J. WINANS.

3 SHEETS-sum' a.

0 4Z MM illlllllel.

aucuns) l OPERATING MBGHANISM.

APPLICATION FILED APB..12.1906.

1HE Nomzls psfslzs C0., WASHING-mmv. c.

ab, /f/ W lUNITED STATESA PATENT i oirirron.

NINETEEN HUNDRED WASHER YORK.

COMPANY, OF BINGHAMTON, NEW

OPERATING NIECHANISNI. l

Specification of Application led April 12,

Letters Patent. Patented Jan. 15, 1907.

1906. Serial No. 311,273.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, THOMAS J. WINANs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Binghamton, in the county of Broome and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Operating Mechanisms, of which the following is a specification.

My present invention relates to improvements in o erating mechanisms, and has for its object the provision of machinery and devices for receiving and transforming a rotary motion of some of its parts into an oscillating or reciprocating motion of some of the other parts of the machinery.

A further object is to improve the machinery in' certain particulars and arrangements and to provide spring-cushions to take up the shock of the motions of parts of the machinery to prevent jarring to the oscillating parts of the machinery and wear on the same.

The invention consists in certain combinaf tions and arrangements of rotating mechanism and in certain combinations and arrangements of oscillating devices so connected that the rotary motion received by the rotating mechanism is transferred to and transformed into the oscillating motion of the latter mechanism.

In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated one example of the physical embodiment of my invention, illustrated as applied to a washing-machine for clothes and constructed according to the best mode I have so far devised for the practical applications of the principle of the invention.

Figure 1 is a view in side elevation of my operating mechanism, illustrated in combination with a clothes-washing tub. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the oscillating mechanism, showing the rotary shaft and parts of the frame in section. Fig. 3 is a vertical central section of the oscillating mechanism, some parts being in full lines. Fig. 4 is a bottom plan view of parts of the oscillating mechanism. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a portion of the oscillating shaft and a .member thereon for imparting motion to the oscillating devices or machinery. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the members of the oscillating mechanism. Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken in the direction and looking at 8 is a vertical central sectional view of the rotating mechanism of the machine, and Fig. 9 is a sectional view on line 8 8 in Fig. 8.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 1 designates a stand or table forming a support for the machinery; 2, thel legs of said table; 3, a horizontal frameiece secured to the tato the piece 3; 5 and 6, upright frame-pieces, and 7 an upper horizontal frame-piece, the before-mentioned pieces forming a substantial and rigid frame for the support of the machinery.

The sectional casting 8 is sup orted by and connects the frame-pieces 6 and 7, said casting forming a casing for the gear-wheels contained therein and provided with two flanges 8 and 9, which are connected by bolt 10 with the metallic plates 11 on the horizontal frame-piece 7. Within the casing 8 the transverse shaft 12 is journaled, and Said shaft carries a driven pulley 13, which pulley may be driven by a Water-motor. The shaft 12 is not journaled directly in the casing 8, but has its bearings in a cam-sleeve or'eccentric bearing-bar 14, and the bar or sleeve 14 is in turn j ournaled n the walls of the casi 8 and rotates freely therein, the shaft 12 being of course free to rotate in the sleeve or hollow bar 14. As seen clearly in Fig. 9, the shaft 12 is located eccentrically in the bearingsleeve 14, and at the bifurcated end 14 of the har a lever 15 is pivoted at 16. A spring 17 is seated within a recess in the bar 14 and to press it outwardly. By means of this lever the hollow bar or sleeve 14 may be turned in its bearings for a purpose to be described and when so turned may be located in adjusted position by the lug 18, which enters either of the two openings 19 or 2O in the cas- A worm-gear 21 is formed ri ld with the shaft 12, and this worm in t e positions shown in Figs. 8 and 9 is in mesh with a horizontal gear-wheel 22, rigid and rotatable with the vertical shaft 23. This shaft 23 is supported in bearings 24 and 25, which are secured by bracket-arms to the upright framepiece 6 and also has bearings in the casting 8. Thus by means of the driven pulley 13 the shaft 23 is rotated through the medium of the shaft 12, worm 21, and gear-wheel 22.

the parts indicated by arrows in Fig. 2. Fig. l Above the worm-gear and gear-wheel and ble or stand; 4, a simi ar piece at right angles.

bearing against the end of the lever 15 tends IOO journaled in the casting 8 I locate a transverse shaft 24., upon which is mounted the vertical. gear-wheel '25. A. second gearwheel26 -is iocatedrat .t'heend of the'shaft 24 and wheel 6 meshes with the gear-wheel 27 on driven shaft 28. Assuming the .hollow bearing-bar 14 to be in the position shown .in 49, if the handle or lever 15 be turned to vertical position so that the lug 18 engages openin 20, Fig. 1, the worm-gear is disengaged om the gear-wheel 23 and made to mesh with .the 'teeth of the vertical .gearwheel '25. 'In this position of the 'eccentric hollow bearing-bar `the ro'tary motion of the driven pulley is transmitted through Ithe worm-gear, .gear-'wheel 25, shaft 24', gear 26,

gear`27, 4and shaft 28, thus Vdrivingthe shaft 28 and 'operating said shaft for any desired propose-aS, for instance, a 'clothes-wringen .At `its lower end the vertical rotary shaft 23 isprovidedwith a crank-'piece 29 ,clamped thereon '"by means-oi |thebolt or screw 30. A connectingrod 31 connects 'the Icrank-arm'29 with alever-arm 32 loosely mounted lon the vertical'pintleSB. This tle`33 is sup orted andadaptedto .parta ly rotate ina "hearing#A 'iece'34,which1isin `turn su ported cen- 'tral yfoffth'estand or *table 1. pon the pintle and 'located above the lever-arm 32 is mormted f'atriangular-shaped plate 35, `which plate is rigidly secured to the pintle or ost 331a'nd turns therewith, and above'the pllat'e 35 a second similarly-sha ed p'late '36 'is loosely'mountedonthe gpint e. A'spider for su 'ortingthe vessel or receptacle to be oscil a'tedis'composed of'thelthree arms 37, 38, and '39, and 'these *three arms lare Lheld be- `tween *the clamp-plates 35 'and 36 b the the 'spider-'arm v39 is 'directly'connected by'a spring-41 to the lever-'arm 32, and the llever- A in turn connected with the rod 3`1 'it will lbe understood thatthe spider is oscillated "by the movement of rod 31, the spring '41'makinga .ilexible or cushioning connecti'oubetweenthe armand spider, `but such aconnec'tion'as will give suiiicient direct impetustofthe spiderin' order to impart a swingmg -or oscillating movement thereto on 'the pintle'or post 33.

rThe Spider-arms are held rigid `with the pintle'or'post bymeans ofthe two triangular clamplates vand the clamping-nut 40, as'describe Thus when the :rotary motion Vof the'crank-arm 29 is'transformedin'to a reciprocating motion of the rod 31 saidvrod swings the ilever-arm 32, which'is loose on the shaft or rp intle,and the spring 41 ,'being under high tensionfimparts 'the swinging or oscillating motion to the-spider with'an easy start and reverse. 'To Afurther cushion thedevices vas they start land reverse :in their oscillation, I provide 'an obstruction piece or plate 42, whichis-mounte'diloosely on'the pintle-33 and suspended' ateither endby'the springs 43 and 44, which springs are respectively hooked over the'brackets 45 and 46, secured to the frame-piece. As more 'clearlyl shown -in Fig. 4, this obstruction-plate 42 fisproyide'd with a pair of shoulders 48 and 49, located'at the ends of an arc of a circle having the pintle 33 as its center. On the'under side of the rigid clamp-plate l35 a depending lug is formed, preferably integral therewith, and this lug, projecting downwardly through the slot or opening 51 in lever-arm 32, is in position to swing backward and forward with't'he oscillation of the clamp-plate and spider. Now-as the spider swings l'or'osc'illa'tes lwith the ypin't'le 33 as a center at 'the extreme 'of 'its-swinging movements 'the lug 50 `comes incontac't with one or the'other 'of these shoulders 48 or'49, and as the plate 42 Yis suspended by "the springs, as before described, the motion of the spider as it stops is not'only cushionedby the 'elasticity of the springs, but the motion of reversing and starting in the reverse direction is assisted by the tension ofthe springs, thus 'providing ra forward an'dbackward swing motion about the center'of -t'he vmechanism without shocker jjar and avoiding lall jerks ofthe'mechanism.

In-o eration, assuming the mechanism to bein the positions :illustrated in *the lseveral figures, the pulley 13 is ldriven by suitable power, and through the medium y'ofithe wvorm wheel or'gear 12, gear-wheel 22, aud-shaft'23 the crank-arm is horizontally rotated, which reciprocates the rod '31, and this 'rod yin 'turn imparts the swin ing'or'oscillatin'g motionto the spider throug the'connections'describe( i, the springs actin to take 11p all lost motion and revent shocks or jars iin the operation-'of the' evice.

From the above description, 'takeninfconnection with the drawings, it becomesevident that I 'have produced a 'mechanism whichfullsall'the conditions set'forthasth'e purpose or objects -of :the invention, .'providing an easy-running and efficient machinery for the purposes set forth.

Having thus fully described myinvention, what I claim'as new, and"desireto-secur eby Letters Patent, is-

1. The combination in-amechanism-asfde scribed of a supporting-`frame,-apost 'in said frame, aspider 'connected'to and adaptedso swing with 'said post as `a 'cent-er, 'a levere'arm connected with 'the vswinging spider and n spring interposed between said spider :and lever-arm.

2. The combinationin-aimechanism asdescribed'o'f a supporting-'frame,a\pcstin said frame, a spider connected said post, -fa lever-arm and spring Aconnection Vbetween said arm and spider, vandineans for absorbing the -momentum in one'direction 'and Teturning an impulse in-the-oppositeidirection as the spider is reversedin itsimovement.

-3. The `corribination inamechanismes de- IIC scribed of a frame, a spider supported therein and adapted to swing in a horizontal plane, a lever-arm', a spring connecting said leverarm with the spider, means for moving said lever-arm, anda pair of springs with. connections to the spider for absorbing the momentum in one direction and returm'ng'an impulse in the opposite direction as the spider is reversed in its movement.

4. The combination in a mechanism as described, of a frame, a spider supported therein and adapted to swing in a horizontal plane, a lever-arm for operating said spider, and an elastic connection between said arm and spider; and means for absorbing the momentum in one direction and returning an impulse in the opposite direction as the spiders reversed in its movement.

5. The combination in a mechanism as described, of a spider suitably supported and adapted to swing in a horizontal plane, elastic connections for4 operating said spider; and

elastic means for absorbing the momentum in one direction and returning an impulse in the opposite direction as the spider is reversed in its movement.

6. The combination with a frame, of a pintle supported therein, a spider clamped to said pintle by clamp-plates, a lever-arm, a spring connecting said lever-arm and spider, a plate having bearing on the pintle and springs connecting its ends With the frame, and means on the spider in connection with said last-named springs for absorbing the momentum and cushioning the movement of said spider.

7. The combination with a supportingframe, of apost, a spider secured thereon, a lever-arm having elastic connection with said spider; an obstruction-plate, springs connecting the ends of said plate with the frame,

.the spider having a lug adapted to engage said obstruction-plate to absorb the momentum and cushion the movement of the spider.

8. The combination with a supportingframe, of a post, a clamp-plate rigid with said post, an upper plate, spider-arms having their ends held between said plates and a clamping-nut for securing said spider ends; a lever-arm, and a spring connecting said leverarm and one of the spider-arms, and means for operating said lever.

9. The combination with a frame, of a post supported and rotatable therein, a plate rigid with said post, a clamp-plate and spiderarms interposed between said plates and a clamping-nut for securingtthese members, a lever-operating arm having elastic connection With one of said spider-arms; means for operating said lever, and means to absorb the momentum and cushion the movement of 'the spider.

interposed between said plates and a clamping-nut-for securing these members,- a leverarm, and a spring connecting said arm and one of the spider-arms",an'elastic obstructionplate and means on the spider for engagement with saidplate to absorb the momentum and cushion the movement of the spider.

1 1 The combination with a frame of a post rotatably supported therein, a plate rigid with the post, a clamp-plate on the post, spider-arms interposed between said plates and a clamping-nut for securing these members, a lever-arm, a spring connecting said arm and one of the spider-arms, an obstruction-plate, springs anchoring said plate to the frame, the spider having a lug for engagement with said obstruction-plate.

12. The combination with a sup ortingframe, of a post rotatably mounted t erein, a spider on said post, a lever-arm having elastic connection with said spider, a reciprocating rod connected with said lever-arm, a crank and shaft connected to said rod, and means for imparting a rotary motion to said shaft.

13. The combination with a sup ortingframe, of a post rotatably mounted t ierein, a spider on said post, a lever-arm having elastic connection with said spider, a reciprocatinor rod connected with said lever, a crank an shaft connected to said rod; means for im arting a rotary motion to the shaft; and e astic means for absorbing the momentum and cushioning the movement of the spider.

. 14. The combination with a supportingframe and a support adapted to swing about its center, of a rotary shaft and connections therefrom for transforming its rotary motion into a swinging motion of the support, a

ear-wheel on said shaft, a transverse shaft aving a Worm-gear thereon meshing With said gear-Wheel, and means for rotating said transverse shaft.

15. The combination with a supportingframe and a support adapted to swing about its center, of a rotary shaft and connections therefrom for transforminglits rotary motion into a swingin motion of t e support, a gearwheel on the s aft,va transverse shaft having Aa worm-gear thereon, and means for throwing said Worm-gear and gear-wheel into andout of engagement.

16. The combination with a supporting- IOO IIO

natngswingmmoiiomf,thesuppor-agqanf In ...testimony whepil axmy siggaftum wheel on the s afm@ transyerse. shaft anda 11n presence-9mm) mtnesfg Wormearithereonfa,bearngqsleeve'fand said Y v. e .I transvrse shait loatedfeceentrically in :Said THOMAS "J" .5 s1eeve,@nda springwressed lever czrmbxcwvMl Witnesses:

ingtsadwormwgear and gear-Whel ntQ Len-1 HARRY LDINWOQD QBRKER, A gagement. DQANE .CAEEEBT-zi

US31127306A 1906-04-12 1906-04-12 Operating mechanism. Expired - Lifetime US841606A (en)

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US31127306A US841606A (en) 1906-04-12 1906-04-12 Operating mechanism.
US407339A US892923A (en) 1906-04-12 1907-12-20 Gearing.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637319A (en) * 1949-04-01 1953-05-05 Alfred J Bruene Exerciser

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637319A (en) * 1949-04-01 1953-05-05 Alfred J Bruene Exerciser

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