US832407A - Interlocking metal sheet-piling. - Google Patents

Interlocking metal sheet-piling. Download PDF


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US832407A US32351406A US1906323514A US832407A US 832407 A US832407 A US 832407A US 32351406 A US32351406 A US 32351406A US 1906323514 A US1906323514 A US 1906323514A US 832407 A US832407 A US 832407A
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George E Nye
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    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/02Sheet piles or sheet pile bulkheads
    • E02D5/03Prefabricated parts, e.g. composite sheet piles
    • E02D5/04Prefabricated parts, e.g. composite sheet piles made of steel


No. 832,407. PATENTEDIOOT. 2, 1906.
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via 1v; g
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 2, 1906;
Application filed JIIne 26, 1906. Saria1No.'323.514.
To all whom it 715. 6, concern:
Be It known that I, GEORGE E. NYE, a c1t1- zen of the United States, residing at Chicago,
in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Interlocking MetalSheet-PIL mg; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled the features of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described and claimed- In the accompanying drawings, illustrating my invention, Figure 1 is a top'plan. view of sheet-piling constructed in accordance with my invention. Figs. 2 and 3 are similar views of modified forms-of construction.
My said piling consists of a plurality of units each of which consists of; two channelbars, said units being respectively designated by A and B. The unit'A consists, preferably, of two channel-bars C and D, thelatter being of less width than the former as, for example, a fourteen inch and a twelve inch channel-bar disposed so that the outer faces of their webs are in contact and being secured together by means of rivets E passing through said webs. Said channel-bars C and D are relatively so disposed that the side,
edges thereof are paralle and so that the side edges or outer faces of the flanges of the channel-bar D are disposed equidistant from the side edges or outer faces of the flanges of said channel-bars C. The unit B cpnsists of two channel-bars of equal diineITsiens disposed parallel with each other and facirig in the same direction. .Said channel-bars are secured together by-means of bolts or rivets F passing through the webs thereof and through interposed sleeves G of a length equal to the greatest widthof the flanges of said channel-bars. The latterare thus disposed a given distance apart, so that between the free ends of the flanges H of one of said channel-bars and the outer face of the web of the other channel-bar slots-J are provided ceived therein.
equal in width to the thickness of the web of the channel-bar C, which is adapted to be re- In driving said units the unit B; for example, may be first driven into the ground and the unit A then driven by inserting one flange of the channel-bar G into said unit B, while a flange of the channel-bar D abuts against the outer face of the channelbar K of the unit B. Said unit A is thus guided while being driven and is held against lateral movement with relation to the unit B, or vice versa, in all directions.
The above-described construction may" readily be modified by using channel-bars of equal Width throughout, as shown in Fig. 2,
in which the units L correspond in construction with said units B, while the units M consist of two channel-bars of equal width disposed with the outer faces of their webs in contact,
but ofl'set laterally, so that the'edge portion of one of said channel-bars rojects beyond. the adjacent edge portion of t e other channel-bar a distance equal to the thickness of the base of one of said flanges. Said last-named channel-bars are bolted or riveted together in the same manner as said channel-bars C, and D. This construction I do not, however, consider to be as advantageous as the construction shown in Fig. 1 for the reason that the units L must be alternately oppositely disposed and zigzag piling'thus produced.
In Fig. 3 I have illustrated further modifications in construction in which the units N and. 0, corresponding, respectively, to the units A and M of Figs. land 2, consist, provided that they can be successfully produced by means of rolls, of a single piece of metal respectively. This would obviously be ve advantageous in enabling the weight o f'suc units to be considerably reduced and further avoiding the cost of riveting two channelbars together in order. to produce the shape desired. trated a modified form of construction of hol.
In said figure I- have-further illuslow unit P. The latter consists oftwo chan-' nel-bars of equal width relatively disposedso 'that the free edges of their flanges oppose each other and are separated'so as to provide longitudinal slots of a width suflicient'to receive the web or webs of the units N and O or their equivalent, said channel-bars being secured together by means of bolts 'andsleeves in the same manner as said units B. (Shown in Fig. 1.)
The units A of Figs, 1 equivalent to the units N of Fig. 3, or the units M of Fig.2, equivalent to the units of Fig. 3 may obviously be used in place of the latter in connection I against the outer faces of the side walls of adwith said uni s P. This Ihave omitted from |-jacent hollow units and coacting with the illustration, however, as being superfluous.
tering said hollow unit engaging the inner faces of the side walls thereof, the inwardlydisposed flanges of said'second unit abutting edge flanges to'hold said units against rela- This construction affords great strength tive lateral displacement.
and is particularly adapted, as before stated, for heavy work. The interlocking of adjacent units -1 deem particularly advantageous by reason of the fact that the overlapping of two flanges and the abutting against each other l l i 1 l l of two flanges at each point prevents relative lateral movement and at the same time affords great stiffness at these points. Aside from the sleeves G employed it will be noted that all material used in construction m ay be purchased on the open market and when re moved after completion all (OflGI tlitllS or the like may be disassembled and again employed as structural iron for ordinary structural purposes'without losing appreciably in value.
I claim as my inventio1i 1; Interlocking sheet-piling comprising in combination a hollow unit consisting of parallelchannel-bars, and having longitudinal slots in itssides, and a unit comprising a flat I 1 plate ,providedwith a flange on each of its side edge,s, and with two flanges disposed .in wardly of 1ts-s1de edges, said flanges being relatively opposed and said edge flanges en- '2. Interlocking sheet-piling comprising in combination, a unit provided on opposite faces with flanges, the flanges on one face thereof being ofl'set with relation to the flanges of the other face thereof, and a hollow unit consisting of two parallel channelbars secured to each other and. having the flanges of one thereof 0 posed to and separated from the other 0 annel-bar to rovide longitudinal slotsin said unit, said llow unit being adapted to receive an outer flange of each of the next adjacent first named units, and the inner flanges of the latter being adapted to abut against the outer flanges of the channel-bars of said hollow unit, the inserted flange of said first-named unit abutting on its inner face against the inner face of one of the flanges of said hollow unit.
In testi111o11y\\'l1ereof I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
An'rnrn C. Low.
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