US830437A - Fence or dike. - Google Patents

Fence or dike. Download PDF

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Publication number
US830437A
US830437A US1905283435A US830437A US 830437 A US830437 A US 830437A US 1905283435 A US1905283435 A US 1905283435A US 830437 A US830437 A US 830437A
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Prior art keywords
posts
panels
mortises
fence
dike
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Julius Wolcott Humphrey
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Julius Wolcott Humphrey
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/10Dams; Dykes; Sluice ways or other structures for dykes, dams, or the like
    • E02B3/106Temporary dykes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S256/00Fences
    • Y10S256/01Compensator, spring

Description

PATBNTED SEPT. 4, 1906.

J. W. HUMPHREY.

FENCE 0R DIKE. APPLIoA'TIoN FILED 0012.19. 1905.

A fro/ME rs W/ TNE SSE NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 4, 1906.

Application filed October 19, 1905. Serial No. 283,435.

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, JULIUs WoLcoTT IIUMPHREY, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Woodlawn, in the county of Multnomah and State of Oregon, have invented a new and Improved Fence or Dike, of which the following isla full, clear, and eX- act description.

This invention relates to fences; and it consists, substantially, in the details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter more particularly described, and pointed out in the claims.

` Though applicable to all the purposes of a fence for inclosing land, as farms, lawns, and the like, the invention is equally adapted as a dike or levee for preventing the encroach-I ment of water, mud, silt, and the like upon low-lyin lands. One o the principal objects of the invention is toprovide a structure of this kind of an embodiment to overcome numerous disadvantages and objections frequently encountered in the use of many other structures hitherto devised for similar purposes.

A further object is to provide a structure Yof the character referred to which is simple and comparatively inexpensive to install, be* sides being thoroughly effective and reliable for its purposes and possessing the capacity for lon and continued service.

f corresponding parts in all the figures.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of-my im proved structure, thesame being shown in the form of a xdike anchored in position. Fig. 2 is an enlarged broken side view in detail, showing the means employed for compensating for contractionof the structure under thermic changes of the atmosphere. Fig. 3

l is a vertical sectional view on the line 3V 3 of Fig. 2, and Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional` view on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2.

Before proceeding with a more detailed description it may be stated that in the form of my improvements herein shown I employ a structure comprising any desired number of posts for a given length thereof, said posts being alike and of special construction, as are certain panels or rails which I employ between the same. The posts and panels are cooperatively organized in a manner to greatly strengthen the connections therebetween, as well as to lend stability to the entire structure, and special means are employed for anchoring and bracing the structure from either side thereof to. effectually resist any and all pressures or strains to which the structure may be subjected. Both the posts and the panels may be constructed of any material, metal being preferred in instances where the structure is employed as a dike, and in which case the metal may be galvanized or otherwise coated, so as to prevent corrosion thereof by the elements. Special means are employed for compensating for shrinkage of the panels of the structure, due to thermic changes of the atmosphere, thus tomaintain the integrity of the structure under all conthe designating characters thereon, 1 repre- Y sents in entirety a structure embodying my improvements, such structure being made up of any desired number of posts 2, con nected together by means of panels= or rails 3 of any desired length or height. Said posts may be constructed in various ways,

but I prefer to construct them all alike, as.

will be resently explained. Each post is preferab y constructed of two separate sec tions 4 and 5, having corresponding vertical grooves 6 in the outer faces thereof, and said sections are correspondingly grooved on their inner faces to form at or near the adjacent sides of the posts mortises 7, leading IOO from which are grooves 8, (see Fig. 4,) constituting entrances to said mortises. The said sections 4 and 5 of the posts are formed with a series of vertically-disposed registering openings 9, with which register corresponding openings l0, formed in strips 1l, which are inserted within the said vertical grooves 6 in the outer faces of the sections of the posts, and it will be observed by reference to Fig. 3 that through the alternate set of openings 9 and 10 for each postsuitable 'headed bolts 12 are inserted, on the threaded ends 13 of which are placed nuts 14 for tightly securing together the two sections of the posts, as will be understood. Through the remaining alternate sets of said openings bolts 15 are inserted7 also having on their threaded ends 16 fastening-nuts 17, and which are provided at the outer ends thereof with eyes 18 for receiving at 19, Fig. 1, the 1o upper ends of stay-rods or anchoring devices 20, the lower ends 21 of which may be secured in any suitable manner to stumps, stakes, or posts 22, firmly driven into the ground in suitable positions adjacent to the 15 structure, as indicated in Fig. 1. Also, as shown in Fig. 1, the series of posts embodied in the structure are connected together by the hereinbefore-mentioned panels 3, having the ends thereof enlarged to form tenons 23,

2o which are received in the hereinbefore-mentioned mortises 7, portions of the panels also being received between the sides of the grooves 8, leading to the said mortises, as hereinbefore explained. It will of course be 2 5 understood that the eyes 18 of the bolts 15 are disposed on that side of the structure from which the anchoring or bracing is to be made, the anchoring devices being constructed preferably of rods of suitable dimensions and strength. As shown in Fig. 1,

the structure may, if desired, be also artially embeddedin the land over which t e structure is erected, and itis apparent that the said structure is admirably suited for its purposes. 3 5 Accordingly as it may be the wish to increase tlie height of the structure I prefer in some instances to construct the posts 2 of superposed sections, the line of division therebetween being indicated at 24 in Fig. 1.

From the foregoing it will be seen that my improved structure may be erected very quickly, and also that the same may be readily taken apart for any purpose desired, and that when erected the same is secure and strong as well as simple and thoroughly effective for-its purposes.

As will be observed, the mortises 7 of the posts 2 are of increased dimensions over the dimensions of the tenons 23 fitting therein,

5o and, as'shown in Figs. 2 and 4, I employ within each of said mortises duplicate springs25, of suitable construction, located on opposite sides of the corresponding panels 3 and normally exerting pressure lengthwise 5 5 of the structure. Said springs are preferably herein shown as practically corrugated or of curvilinear form, with alternating bends of each rset thereof bearing against the particular tenon 23 and outer wall of the mortise 7, 6o respectively, with which they are associated or organized. In this way compensation is derived for any contraction of the panels of V nthe structure from thermic changes of the atmosphere, as will be apparent.

In erecting the structure the posts 2 may be driven in the ground by the employment of any suitable means, as a pile-driver, for instance, and it is apparent that said posts may be located relatively nearer to each other than is shown in Fig. 1 for instance, 7o` although this will entirely depend upon the nature of the ground in which the structure is erected as well as other conditions. The panels 3 are preferably applied to position between the posts by inserting them inthe mortises therefor in the posts one after another until the structure has been built up to the desired height. As already stated, sections may be superposed upon the posts, and thus the structure may be built to quite a considerable height. It is evident that the structure may be quickly erected at comparatively small expense and also that the same is admirably adapted for the intended purposes thereof. The longer dimension of the panels may extend either horizontally or vertically, according to conditions as well as to the strength required of the structure in use. The panels of one section of the structure may break joint with the sections thereof adjacent, and the structure may otherwise be varied from that herein shown according to circumstances.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters 95 Patent- 1. A fence structure of the character described, comprising a post formed of attached sections meeting substantially in the plane in which the fence extends and having grooves in their adjacent faces alining to form mortises, and panels passing into said mortises and having tenons retaining the same therein.

2. A structure of the character herein specified, comprising posts and connectingpanels therebetween, the former each embodying duplicate sections having corresponding openings, fastening-bolts extending through alternate sets of said openings, other bolts passing through the remaining alternate sets of said openings,` and provided at one of the ends thereof with eyes, and bracing devices for the structure embodying rods connected to said eyes and also connected to devices embedded in the ground.

3. A structure of the character herein specified, comprising posts, connecting-panels therebetween, and means for compensating for contraction of the panels under thermal changes.

4. A structure of the character herein specified, comprising posts, connecting-panels therebetween, the former being constructed with mortises and the latter with tenons fitting therein, and means located within said mortises exerting pressure upon said tenons.

5. A structure of the character herein specified, comprising posts, connecting-pan- 13o IOS IIO

els therebetween, anchoring` brace devices -rnortises exerting pressure against the tenons in the direction of length of the structure.

In testiinony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence tWo subscribing Witnesses.

JULIUS WOLCOTT HUMIHREY.

Witnesses H. DENLINGER, CLARA HUMPHREY.

of To

US1905283435 1905-10-19 1905-10-19 Fence or dike. Expired - Lifetime US830437A (en)

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US1905283435 US830437A (en) 1905-10-19 1905-10-19 Fence or dike.

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2644996A (en) * 1948-05-11 1953-07-14 Rumble Roy William Waling member for sectionalized structure providing a common rectilinear surface
US2763048A (en) * 1951-12-26 1956-09-18 Richard C Sullivan Concrete form support
US3108786A (en) * 1959-07-13 1963-10-29 Simpson Deroy Portable fence
US3120376A (en) * 1961-06-05 1964-02-04 Anchor Post Prod Board fence including method of securing board members to line and/or corner post
US3195864A (en) * 1962-03-15 1965-07-20 Anchor Post Prod Post and rail fence
US3503589A (en) * 1968-04-22 1970-03-31 Moore Alvin E Construction unit
US4136856A (en) * 1974-03-25 1979-01-30 Custom Automatic Sound attenuating structure
US5671584A (en) * 1996-08-28 1997-09-30 Mueller; John F. Method and apparatus for constructing a retaining wall
US6042301A (en) * 1995-07-17 2000-03-28 Sovran; Jean-Paul River bank flood barrier
US6443655B1 (en) * 2001-04-21 2002-09-03 Robert Bennett Flood barrier
US20030223824A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2003-12-04 Bradley Jordan Wall system
US20040208702A1 (en) * 2003-04-21 2004-10-21 Buchanan Gregory J. Reinforced interlocking retention panels
US6884002B1 (en) 2003-09-11 2005-04-26 Charles L. Fuller Reconfigurable barrier system
WO2008015510A1 (en) * 2006-08-02 2008-02-07 Denise Barriere Flood defence panels
US7364385B1 (en) * 2006-09-11 2008-04-29 George Michael Luke Protective flood barrier
US20090211613A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2009-08-27 Hydro Engineering Equipment & Supply Company Wash fluid containment system
US20090266387A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2009-10-29 Hydro Engineering Equipment & Supply Company Low profile non-clogging non-polluting surface treating pads, assemblies and methods
US20090266384A1 (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Hydro Engineering Equipment And Supply Company Wash fluid containment system for use on an uneven surface
GB2472245A (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-02 Roger Richardson Flood defence barrier system kit for a domestic dwelling
US20120243941A1 (en) * 2011-03-23 2012-09-27 Carl Anthony Hazenberg Synthetic Weir Board
GB2510203A (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-07-30 Richard Thomas Boycott Rodgers Tidal power plant with membrane dam construction
US10520407B2 (en) 2018-03-01 2019-12-31 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Nano-indentation tests to characterize hydraulic fractures

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2644996A (en) * 1948-05-11 1953-07-14 Rumble Roy William Waling member for sectionalized structure providing a common rectilinear surface
US2763048A (en) * 1951-12-26 1956-09-18 Richard C Sullivan Concrete form support
US3108786A (en) * 1959-07-13 1963-10-29 Simpson Deroy Portable fence
US3120376A (en) * 1961-06-05 1964-02-04 Anchor Post Prod Board fence including method of securing board members to line and/or corner post
US3195864A (en) * 1962-03-15 1965-07-20 Anchor Post Prod Post and rail fence
US3503589A (en) * 1968-04-22 1970-03-31 Moore Alvin E Construction unit
US4136856A (en) * 1974-03-25 1979-01-30 Custom Automatic Sound attenuating structure
US6042301A (en) * 1995-07-17 2000-03-28 Sovran; Jean-Paul River bank flood barrier
US5671584A (en) * 1996-08-28 1997-09-30 Mueller; John F. Method and apparatus for constructing a retaining wall
US20090266387A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2009-10-29 Hydro Engineering Equipment & Supply Company Low profile non-clogging non-polluting surface treating pads, assemblies and methods
US8267100B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2012-09-18 Hydro Engineering Equipment & Supply Company Low profile non-clogging non-polluting surface treating pads, assemblies and methods
US8272390B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2012-09-25 Hydro Engineering Equipment & Supply Company Wash fluid containment system
US20090211613A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2009-08-27 Hydro Engineering Equipment & Supply Company Wash fluid containment system
US6443655B1 (en) * 2001-04-21 2002-09-03 Robert Bennett Flood barrier
US20030223824A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2003-12-04 Bradley Jordan Wall system
US6851889B2 (en) * 2003-04-21 2005-02-08 Gregory J. Buchanan Reinforced interlocking retention panels
US20040208702A1 (en) * 2003-04-21 2004-10-21 Buchanan Gregory J. Reinforced interlocking retention panels
US6884002B1 (en) 2003-09-11 2005-04-26 Charles L. Fuller Reconfigurable barrier system
US7303358B1 (en) 2003-09-11 2007-12-04 Fuller Charles L Reconfigurable barrier system
WO2008015510A1 (en) * 2006-08-02 2008-02-07 Denise Barriere Flood defence panels
US7364385B1 (en) * 2006-09-11 2008-04-29 George Michael Luke Protective flood barrier
US20090266384A1 (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Hydro Engineering Equipment And Supply Company Wash fluid containment system for use on an uneven surface
US7987862B2 (en) * 2008-04-25 2011-08-02 Hydro Engineering Equipment & Supply Company Wash fluid containment system for use on an uneven surface
GB2472245A (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-02 Roger Richardson Flood defence barrier system kit for a domestic dwelling
US20120243941A1 (en) * 2011-03-23 2012-09-27 Carl Anthony Hazenberg Synthetic Weir Board
GB2510203A (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-07-30 Richard Thomas Boycott Rodgers Tidal power plant with membrane dam construction
GB2510203B (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-12-10 Richard Thomas Boycott Rodgers A marine dam by means of a thin membrane for tidal range electricity generation and for fresh water storage for water supply and flood control purposes
US10520407B2 (en) 2018-03-01 2019-12-31 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Nano-indentation tests to characterize hydraulic fractures

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