US827542A - Combined lawn-rake and snow-scoop. - Google Patents

Combined lawn-rake and snow-scoop. Download PDF

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Publication number
US827542A
US827542A US28991405A US1905289914A US827542A US 827542 A US827542 A US 827542A US 28991405 A US28991405 A US 28991405A US 1905289914 A US1905289914 A US 1905289914A US 827542 A US827542 A US 827542A
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United States
Prior art keywords
side plates
scoop
back plate
snow
rake
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Expired - Lifetime
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US28991405A
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Richard Franklin Lawson
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Richard Franklin Lawson
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D7/00Rakes

Description

PATBNTED JULY 31, 1906; R. P. LAWSON.

COMBINED LAWN BAKE AND SNOW SCOOP. IIIIIIIIIIIIIII n 1J oooooooo 5.

lNNUU!!! I NHHHUINNW' iran STATES PATENT OFFII.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented July 31, 1906.

Application filed December 1, 1905. SerialNo. 289.914.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, RICHARD FRANKLIN LAWSON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Eflingham, in the county of Effingham and State of Illinois, have invented cer- 4 tain new and useful Improvements in a Com- My invention is an improved implement.

especially designed for use in raking lawns and in shoveling snow and which may also be utilized for other pur o'ses, comprising devices whereby to readi y adjust the several parts of the implement to adapt it to any of said uses g and the invention con'sists in certain novel constructions and combinations of parts hereinafter described and claimed. j

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a erspective view of the implement adjusted or use as a lawn-rake. Fig. 2is a similar view showing the parts adjusted for use as a snow-scoop. Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view showing one corner of the body portion before the end of the back plate is turned alongside the rear edge of the side plate, and Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of one corner of the complete body.

As shown, the implement comprises a body A, which may be of galvanized sheetiron or other suitable material, and is formed with a base-plate A a back plate A2, and side plates A3, the back plate and side plates being of sufficient height to form a rece. tacle for the snow or cut grass, according to t e use of the invention.

The body portion is preferably constructed from a single sheet of metal whose rear edge is folded upon itself in three thicknesses, as shown. at B, and the said sheet of metal is slitted from both ends at O a distance equal to the height of the side plates A3, and the said side plates are turned up at a right angle to the base-plate A and the back plateA2 is also turned up at a corresponding angle to the base-plate, and the end Wings or extensions D of the back plate beyond the side platesyA3 are turned forwardly along the outer faces of the side plates and are riveted thereto at E,

as clearly shown in the drawings. 'The back plate and side plates A3 are a proximately the same height, and the wings of the back plate thus formbraces lfor the side plates and also a stron bearing for the outwardlyturned ends o the bail F, presently described,

5 5 the strength of this bearing being increased by the threefold thickness of the upper edge of the back plate and this folding of the back plate at .its upper edge also affording sufficient strength and rigidity for the connection of the section of the hinge G with the back plate, as presently described.

It will be noticed that the side plates flare somewhat toward the front edge of the body portion, making the panwider at the front than at the back, and ordinarily in practice I find it gives good resultsto make the pan or body portion about nineteen inches wide at the back and twenty inches wide at thefront. The side plates are also doubled at their upper edges at A, givingincreased strength to the parts at such point.

The front edge of the base-plate A is proi vided with a series of well-rounded teeth A5,

forming it into practically a comb, which in operation will not disturb the roots of growing grass, but will pick up all loose grass, acorns, peachseeds, or, pebbles, or other foreign substances, leaving the lawn in good condition. At the same time the teeth will not clog like those of an ordinary rake even in the thickest or Wet grass.

A handle H is connected by the hinge G with the upper edge of the top plate of the body A, so it can be swung to either of the positions shown in Figs. l and 2, and for securing it in such positions I employ a bail F having its end studs F pivoted in the side plates A3 and in the folded portion of the wings D of the body ortion and connected at its middle by the sfide I and the clamp J in the form of a set-screw to the handle, the

bail F being ivoted at its middle in the side j plates I of t e slide I at one side of the handle H and the set-screw J being turned through the cross-bar of said slide at the opposite side from the crossing of the bail F, as will be understood from Figs. 1 and 2. To adjust the handle' from one position to the other, it is only necessary to loosen the setscrew, swing the handle to the desired posif tion, and again tighten the set-screw, when the implement is ready for use.

It will be found that the implement may also be used as a hoe, being especially useful on freshly-plowedground, which it will level in good shape and more readily than an ordinary hoe or rake. The scoop or shovel will also be found useful for mixing mortar, the teeth or combedge rendering it especially def sirable for such pur ose.

For cleaning sta s instables or removing mud from street-crossings this implement IOO IVIO

willbe found superior to any other now in use for like purposes.

Aand Aits projecting ends or Wings extend* ing alongside the upturned side plates, the handle hinged to the folded upper edge of the back-plate, the'bail pivoted at its ends to the side plates, and the folded upper edge of the' projectinglwings of the back plate, a slide movable along the handle and pivoted to the bail at the middle thereof, and a set-screw for securing the said slide in different adjustments u'pon the handle, substantially as set forth. j

2. The combined rake and shovel or scoop, comprising la body.portion having a baseplate, side lates, and back plate, a handle inged to t e back plate, aibail pivoted at its ends to the side plates, a slide connected with the bail and movable along the handle, and means for securing the slide in different adjustments upon the handle, substantially as set forth.

3. vAn implement substantially as described, com rising the body portion having j a bottom p ate, side plates projecting'up-l side the side plates, substantially as set forth.

4. The combination of the bodyv portion having a bottom plate, side plates, and a back plate, a handle hinged to the back plate, and means for securing the handle in different adjustinents relative to the body portion, substantially as set forth. 5. The ,convertible shovel and scoop, comprising the body portion having a bottom plate, provided at its front edge wi th rounded teeth, the side plates, and back plate, thchandle hinged to the back plate, and means for securing the handle in different adjustments relative to the body portion, substantially as set forth.

RICHARD FRANKLIN LAWSON.

Witnesses:

. H. B. WEMSING,

B. G. ENsIGN.

US28991405A 1905-12-01 1905-12-01 Combined lawn-rake and snow-scoop. Expired - Lifetime US827542A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2457441A (en) * 1946-09-27 1948-12-28 Sr Frank B Branchfield Cheese pusher
US2565044A (en) * 1947-10-15 1951-08-21 Puls Machine Company Lawn mower
US2728598A (en) * 1950-05-15 1955-12-27 Gardex Inc Combination shovel and pusher
US2908090A (en) * 1958-01-17 1959-10-13 Francis J Eifel Snow plow
US3037308A (en) * 1959-06-08 1962-06-05 Specialty Mfg Company Combined scoop and garden cart
US3818593A (en) * 1971-05-28 1974-06-25 W Oliverius Blade for material stripping apparatus
US4264095A (en) * 1979-02-06 1981-04-28 Lemasters Winfield S Adjustable snow shovel
US4865372A (en) * 1987-02-06 1989-09-12 Gabriel Edwin Z Shovel-like digging, scooping and transporting apparatus with back-strain relief features
US4879871A (en) * 1988-11-07 1989-11-14 Kunschke Eldor W Beach combing apparatus
US5522629A (en) * 1995-01-17 1996-06-04 Loo; Orin W. Reversible rake and shovel implement
US5585123A (en) * 1996-04-10 1996-12-17 Busby; Philip J. Sculpting tool
US20040145197A1 (en) * 2003-01-27 2004-07-29 Kubicka David L. Adjustable snow shaper
US20050230985A1 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-10-20 Thiele Richard Jr Shovels and other implements with scalloped leading edges
US7617666B1 (en) 2008-06-09 2009-11-17 Vincenzo Marchese Lawn maintenance device having wedge-shaped front section
US8347528B1 (en) * 2010-10-20 2013-01-08 Seltzer Richard E Surface rake apparatus
FR2978326A1 (en) * 2011-07-27 2013-02-01 Christian Desire Amour Goze Rake-type device for collecting e.g. various small size dry fruits, has frame provided with teeth that exhibits reduced clearance, and flanges welded to ends of frame to retrieve fruits or debris that escape to sides
US8388031B1 (en) * 2011-04-22 2013-03-05 Richard Zang High strength shovel and trowels
US20140034886A1 (en) * 2008-10-09 2014-02-06 Stephen Hoolahan Tool for removing sheathing and decking material and the like

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2457441A (en) * 1946-09-27 1948-12-28 Sr Frank B Branchfield Cheese pusher
US2565044A (en) * 1947-10-15 1951-08-21 Puls Machine Company Lawn mower
US2728598A (en) * 1950-05-15 1955-12-27 Gardex Inc Combination shovel and pusher
US2908090A (en) * 1958-01-17 1959-10-13 Francis J Eifel Snow plow
US3037308A (en) * 1959-06-08 1962-06-05 Specialty Mfg Company Combined scoop and garden cart
US3818593A (en) * 1971-05-28 1974-06-25 W Oliverius Blade for material stripping apparatus
US4264095A (en) * 1979-02-06 1981-04-28 Lemasters Winfield S Adjustable snow shovel
US4865372A (en) * 1987-02-06 1989-09-12 Gabriel Edwin Z Shovel-like digging, scooping and transporting apparatus with back-strain relief features
US4879871A (en) * 1988-11-07 1989-11-14 Kunschke Eldor W Beach combing apparatus
US5522629A (en) * 1995-01-17 1996-06-04 Loo; Orin W. Reversible rake and shovel implement
US5585123A (en) * 1996-04-10 1996-12-17 Busby; Philip J. Sculpting tool
US20040145197A1 (en) * 2003-01-27 2004-07-29 Kubicka David L. Adjustable snow shaper
US20050230985A1 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-10-20 Thiele Richard Jr Shovels and other implements with scalloped leading edges
US7617666B1 (en) 2008-06-09 2009-11-17 Vincenzo Marchese Lawn maintenance device having wedge-shaped front section
US20090301051A1 (en) * 2008-06-09 2009-12-10 Vincenzo Marchese Lawn maintenance device having wedge-shaped front section
US20140034886A1 (en) * 2008-10-09 2014-02-06 Stephen Hoolahan Tool for removing sheathing and decking material and the like
US9096416B2 (en) * 2008-10-09 2015-08-04 Stephen Hoolahan Tool for removing sheathing and decking material and the like
US8347528B1 (en) * 2010-10-20 2013-01-08 Seltzer Richard E Surface rake apparatus
US8388031B1 (en) * 2011-04-22 2013-03-05 Richard Zang High strength shovel and trowels
FR2978326A1 (en) * 2011-07-27 2013-02-01 Christian Desire Amour Goze Rake-type device for collecting e.g. various small size dry fruits, has frame provided with teeth that exhibits reduced clearance, and flanges welded to ends of frame to retrieve fruits or debris that escape to sides

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