US820948A - Device fot treating the nasal passages. - Google Patents

Device fot treating the nasal passages. Download PDF

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Publication number
US820948A
US820948A US24221705A US1905242217A US820948A US 820948 A US820948 A US 820948A US 24221705 A US24221705 A US 24221705A US 1905242217 A US1905242217 A US 1905242217A US 820948 A US820948 A US 820948A
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device
treating
nasal
nasal passages
septum
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US24221705A
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Edward Baum
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Edward Baum
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M31/00Devices for introducing or retaining media, e.g. remedies, in cavities of the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J3/00Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms
    • A61J3/08Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms into the form of suppositories or sticks

Description

PATENTEDMAY 22, 1906.

E. BAUM.

DEVICE FOR TREATING THE NASAL PASSAGBS.

APPLICATION TILED JAN. 23, 1905.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

EDWARD BAUM, OF KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE.

DEVICE FOR TREATING THE NASAL PASSAGES.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May 22, 1906.

Application filed January 23, 1905. Serial No. 242,217.

To aZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDWARD BATJM, a citizen of the United States, residing at Knoxville, in the county of Knox and State of Tennessee, have invented. a new and useful Improvement in Devices for Treating the Nasal Passages, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.

My improvement relates particularly to devices to be inserted into the nose for the treatment of the nasal passages and portions of the head and throat communicating with the nasal passages.

The object of the invention is to provide a device to be inserted into the nose for the a plication of medicinal remedies or for t1e treatment ofportions of the nasal passages by mechanical pressure. For the latter purpose no medicines need be used.

If medicines are used, they may be applied to the exterior bf the device which is inserted into the nose, or they may be incorporated into the substance of said device, or said device may consist entirely of the medicinal agent or agents. 1

The device is of solid or semisolid. form, and its composition may be such as that it will gradually dissolve or vaporize in the nose.

A peculiarity of the device is that it is so shaped as to permit breathing through the nostril in which the device is placed.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is an upright section through and parallel to the length of the left-hand nostril, adjacent to the septum, on the dotted line 1.1 of Fig. 2, a nasaloid being in position in said nostril. Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1 through both halves of the portion of the skull adjacent the nasal passages. Fig. 3 is an elevation of the side of the nasaloid opposite the side shown in Fi 1. Fig. 4 is a cross-section of the nasaloicl. Fig. 5 is an ele-.

vation of the right-hand end of the nasaloid, as shown in Fig. 1. I

Inasmuch as my device is made to approximately conform to the walls of the nasal passages, said passages will be first described. A A, Fig. 2, are the nasal passages. They are separated by the septum B, which is an approximately straight upright partition the lateral faces of which are substantially planes. On the side of each passage opposite the septum are the three turbinates the lower, C, the middle, D, and the u per, E. These are of substantially the form s lown in Fig. 2. The lower and middle of said turbinates are the largest, and they present curved or rounded faces toward the septum.

F is the front wall of the nose. In the upper portion of each passage adjacent the upper turbinate are the olfactories G. From the lower portion of each nostril adjacent to the rear portion of the lower turbinate the Eustachian tube H extends outward to the middle ear, and from the portions of the nasal passages adjacent the turbinates there is communlcationwith the lacrymal duct, the frontal sinus, the ethmoidal sinus, and the antrum of Highmore, all of which at times require treatment.

The device I is shaped with reference to the various anatomical portions of the interior of the nostril. In general terms the device is flat and oval in outline and has at one end a relatively small neck 1, terminating in a head 2. Said head is preferably below the horizontal median line of the body of the device. One side of said. body the side which is to be adjacent the septumis substantially smooth and fiat, excepting that it has a longitudinal and approximately median rib 3, which when the device is in position bears against the septum and prevents said flat face from bearing a ainst the septum. Thus an air-passage is left below and. above said rib, so that notwithstanding this relatively large sol id or semisolid body rests in the nasal passage the patient may breathe by inhaling and expelling air through the passages above and below said rib, and even the sense of smell is not impaired, for the passage above said rib extends to the olfactories G. Along the lower edge of said. body is a relatively large rib 4, adapted to extend beneath the lower turbi nate, and above said rib is another rib 5 of proper form and in proper position to extend between the lower and middle turbinates. The upper edge of said body extends to approximately to the upper turbinate. The head 2 is used as a handle for the insertion of the device, and said head also aids in retaining the device after it has been inserted, for if the device slides forward in the nostril said head will abut against the front wall F of the nose.

The form shown adapts the device to be IIO Furthermore, the form of said device adapts it fully to use for the application of n1edi cines directly to the surfaces of the turbinates even when the device itself is not composed of medicinal constituents which after melting or vaporizing flow over the surfaces of the nasal passage. Even the posterior nares and the throat may be thus medicated by the flow of the medicinal constituents in liquid or vapor form, and the Eustachian tube may be thus treated, for, as shown in Fig. 1, the rear end of the device may be directly opposite the inner opening of said tube and the sinuses above mentioned may also be thus treated, for they also have communication with the nostril adjacent the device.

The device is preferably composed of medicinal constituents forming a compound which is soluble or vaporizable in the warmth and moisture afforded in the nasal passage, so that after the device has been inserted it will slowly dissolve or vaporize and its constituents spread over the surfaces of the nasal passage, the Eustachian tube, the posterior nares, and the throat, and into said accessory sinuses, and when any portionof the medication of the device is volatile the resulting vapors may extend into the trachea and the lungs.

The device may be supported entirely by the engagement effected by the septum at one side and the turbinates at the other side, or the lower edge of the device may rest upon the floor of the nostril.

The devices will be manufactured in pairs, one of each pair being adapted to fit into a right-hand and the other into a left-hand nasal passage, and such pairs will be made of various sizes to fit noses of various sizes.

I claim as my invention 1. A device for treating the nasal cavity, said device consisting of a body provided with an approximately flat side with a pro j ection thereon for spacing it from the nasal septum, whereby breathing through the nose is permitted while the device is in position, substantially as described.

2. A device for treating the nasal cavity, said device consisting of a medicated body provided with an approximately flat side with a projection thereon for spacing it from the nasal septum, whereby breathing through the nose is permitted while the device is in position, substantially as described.

3. A device for treating the nasal cavity, said device consisting of a soluble medicated body provided with an approximately flat side with a projection thereon for spacing it from the nasal septum, whereby breathing through the nose is permitted while the device is in position, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name, in presence of two witnesses, this 19th day of January, in the year 1905.

EDWARD BAUM.

l/Vitnesses:

CYRUS KEHR. R. M. DOLL.

US24221705A 1905-01-23 1905-01-23 Device fot treating the nasal passages. Expired - Lifetime US820948A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4457756A (en) * 1982-04-14 1984-07-03 Kern Eugene B Nose bleed clip
US4988512A (en) * 1983-06-04 1991-01-29 Sandoz Ltd. Nasal pharmaceutical compositions

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4457756A (en) * 1982-04-14 1984-07-03 Kern Eugene B Nose bleed clip
US4988512A (en) * 1983-06-04 1991-01-29 Sandoz Ltd. Nasal pharmaceutical compositions

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