US80429A - Verlin g - Google Patents

Verlin g Download PDF

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Publication number
US80429A
US80429A US80429DA US80429A US 80429 A US80429 A US 80429A US 80429D A US80429D A US 80429DA US 80429 A US80429 A US 80429A
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burner
plate
tube
air
grate
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action

Description

V. G. TANSEY.
Fire Kindler.
Patented July 28, 1868.
N'PETERS, PHOTUUTNOGRAPNER WASHINGTON D C g p giant gain: @ffttr.
VERLIN G. TANSEY, OF IN DIANAPOLISJINDIANA, AS SIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND JAMES W. SIMPSON, 0F SAME PLACE;
Letters Patent No. 80,429, dated July 28, 1868.
IMPROVEMENT IN FIRE-KINDLBRS.
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
Be it known that I, VERLIN Gr. TANSEiZ, of Indianapolis, in the county of Marion, and State of Indiana, have invented a new and improved Fire-Kindler; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, that'will enable skilled artisans to make and use the same, reference being bad to the accompanying drawing, and to the letters ofreference marked thereon, making part of this specification.
The object of this invention is to provide a cheap, convenient, and eificient means of kindling coal or other fires on grates, and it consists in attaching a burner of peculiar construction, that is supplied with oil from a suitable fountain, to a plate that closes the opening, and excludes the air from the front and bottom of the grate,
and in supplying air to theburner in such manner as that'the draught of air created by the fiue causes the flame to burn with greater intensity, and hence to ignite the coals speedily.
The drawing represents a vertical longitudinal section of the apparatus.
The burner consists of a hollow cast-iron cylinder, A, open-at the top, and furnished with an open central tube, a, fixed to the bottom An enlarged tube, e, is attached-to the side of the burner, near the bottom, and
from the end of tbissa smaller tube, g, leads to the fountain B, in which to place the -oil that feeds the burner.
A deflecting-plate, z, somewhat less in diameter than the cylinder A, leaving suflicieut space around it for the flame, is supported over the top of the central tube a, as shown. i
A plate, C, to which all the other parts are attached, is made to close the opening to the front of the grate and ash-pit. From the 'plate 0 a horizontal air-duct, 1), extends back under the grate, and to the rear. end of the duct D a short vertical tube, m, is fixed, constituting a part of the duct. The central tube a of the burner fits upon the tube m, thus forming the connectionbetween the burner and air-duct D.
The enlarged tube e, and the lower part of the burner surrounding the central 'tube a, are filled with cotton, E, which'serves as the wick 'of the burner. The oil is fed from the fountain B, to'the cotton, E, through the tube g. The burner and fountain being arranged in such relation to each other that, when the apparatus is standing level, the'oil does not rise above the top of the cotton, the burner is lighted and placed under the grate, care being taken to set the plate C so as to close the front opening as tightly as practicable. Air is supplied to the burner through the ducts D and m, and is concentrated with the flame by the deflecting-plate t. The whole force of'the draught, being through the duct D, causes the flame to burn with great intensity, which speedily ignites the fuel on the grate. If the draught is too strong, its force may be diminished by sliding a damper, F, in plate (3, to admit air under the grate.
G are supports to the rear end of the apparatus. These are hung, by a rod, to the duct D, and have a rod, H, attached to an arm, I, running through the front plate 0, by which the supports may be set in a more or less vertical position, and by which the burner may be levelled after being placed under the grate.
A cap, J, covers the top of the burner when not in use, and to extinguish the flame and prevent evaporation.
It will be seen that the fountain B is situated outside of the plate 0, so that it will not be affected by the heat from the burner, and also that additional protection may be afforded by a reflector, K, if necessary.
The advantage of this device for kindling fires over the use of wood kindlings or shavings is that it is always conveniently at hand when wanted, and from the manner in which the hot blast of the flame is applied directly to the coals or other fuel without requiring other kindling-material, insuring its speedy ignition, thereby saving time and vexatious delays and disappointment.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desirc'to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The burner A, enlarged tube e, filled with the packing E, and furnished with the deflecting-plate i, and supplied withoil from the fountain B by the tube g, substantially as shown, in combination withthe air-ducts D m, through which air is supplied to the burner, when'the draught-opening is closed by the plate C, all arranged and operating substantially as set forth.
VERLIN G. TANSEY.
Witnesses:
O. F. MAYnsw, Wu. H. WEEKS.
US80429D Verlin g Expired - Lifetime US80429A (en)

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