US789582A - Switch-operator. - Google PatentsSwitch-operator. Download PDF
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- US789582A US789582A US24421605A US1905244216A US789582A US 789582 A US789582 A US 789582A US 24421605 A US24421605 A US 24421605A US 1905244216 A US1905244216 A US 1905244216A US 789582 A US789582 A US 789582A
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- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- Expired - Lifetime
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 10
- 230000002159 abnormal effect Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000001808 coupling Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000010168 coupling process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000005859 coupling reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000000994 depressed Effects 0.000 description 2
- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B61L—GUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
- B61L11/00—Operation of points from the vehicle or by the passage of the vehicle
- B61L11/02—Operation of points from the vehicle or by the passage of the vehicle using mechanical interaction between vehicle and track
PATBNTED MAY 9, 1905.
R. C. WRIGHT.
APPLICATION FILED FEB.4,1905.
ZZZ Inventor Attomzgs m @mm a Patented May 9, 1905.
THE VVRlGrtYl GAUGE MAN UFAC'lTURlNG COMPANY,
OF COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO, A CORPORATION OF COLORADO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0. 789,582, dated May 9, 1905.
Application filed February 4, 1905. Serial No. 244,216.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, RmsoN C. WRIGHT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Colorado Springs, in the county of El Paso and State of Colorado, have invented a new and useful Switch-Operator, of which the following is a specification. 1
This invention relates to devices for operating the switch-points of railway-tracks,
[0 more particularly of street-railway tracks;
and it has for its object to provide a simplyconstructed and efiicient device for the purpose under the control of the motorman or other attendant on the moving car.
With this and other objects in View, which will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in certain novel features of construction, as hereinafter fully described and claimed.
in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which correspending parts are denoted by like designating characters, is illustrated the preferred form of embodiment of the invention capable of carrying the same into practical operation, it being understood that the invention is not necessarily limited thereto, as various changes in the shape, proportions, and general assemblage of the parts may be resorted to without departing from the principle of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages.
In the drawings thus employed, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a street- 3 5 car track and of the platform and runninggear of a street-car with the improved devices applied. Fig. 2 is a side elevation, Fig. 3 is a plan view, and Fig. 1 is a front elevation, enlarged, of the portion of the improved 4 device which is attached to the car-trucks. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a modified form of the portion of the device connected to the switch-point.
In the improved device is comprised two general portions, one portion located within the road-bed of the track and coupled to the switch-point and another portion connected to the car and adapted for operation by the motorman or other attendant to actuate the switch-point.
The tracks 10 and switch point or tongue 11 are of the usual construction, and the point-operating portion of the device consists of a rod '12, disposed longitudinally of the rails and preferably beneath the tamp- 5 5 ing or paving and the ties and mounted for oscillation in bearings 13 1d and with crankarms 15 1.6 at the ends.
The crank-arm 15 extends above the surface of the tampingor paving, and the crankarm 16 is coupled by a link '17 to the free end of the switch-point.
rod 12 and its crank-arms 15 16 are so disposed relative to the switch point that when the crank member 15 is inclined at an angle to one side the switch-point will be held open and when inclined to the opposite side the switch-point will be held closed. By this arrangement it is obvious the switch point may be operated by moving the crank member 15 from side to side of the track.
The portion of the device attached to the car comprises a
frame 18, attached to a base member 19, which is in turn connected to the truck- frame 20 of the car. A shaft 21 is mounted for oscillation transversely of the frame 18, and pivoted upon this shaft is a bracket 22, having spaced bearings 23 9A for supportinga bar or standard 25 intermmliately of thestandard. 'lhestandardisrotativein the bearings 23 24, but prevented from longitudinal movement therethrough by spaced collars 26 27. Projecting from the bearing 23 is a stoplug 28, and extending from opposite sides of the collar26 are stop- studs 29 30, adapted to 5 alternately engage the stop-lug as the standard is oscillated, and thus limit the movement. Attached to the lower end of the standard 25 is a foot 31, preferably in triangular shape, and attached to the upper end of the standard 9 is a transverse arm 82, while a spring 33 is connected to maintain the standard yieldably in withdrawn position. Mounted for rotation in the platform 3a of the car is a vertical standard 85, having a transverse arm 36 on the lower end beneath the platform and an operating-handle 3'7 on the upper end convenient to the hand of the motorman. The ends of the 32 and 36 are connected, respectively, by draw- transverse arms cables 38 39. By this arrangement when the car approaches the switch if the pointis turned in the required direction the motorman makes no movement, as the member 31 being held normally in its elevated position by the action of the spring 33 will pass over the projecting member 15 without engaging it. If, however, the switchpoint requires to be turned to the right, the standard 35 will be turned to the right, which will cause the draw- cable 38 to first rotate the standard 25 in its bearings 23 2 1 to throw the point of the triangular foot 31 to the left and then to at once swing the standard 25 into a vertical position to bring the foot 31 into the path of the projecting member 15, with its pointed forward end at the left side of the same. Then as the car moves forward the foot 31 will throw the rod 12 over and correspondingly move the switch. If, on the other hand, the switch-point is to be moved to the left, the motion of the lever- arm 37 is reversed, as will be obvious.
rod 12 may be of any desired length, so that the point 11 may be operated at any required distance in advance of the car to insure the certainty of action.
bracket 22 is slidably disposed upon the shaft 21, and surrounding the shaft between the movable bracket and the frame 18 are springs 4.0 41, exerting a constant and uniform inward pressure upon the bracket and maintaining it yieldably in its central position on the shaft.
The springs will be strong enough to overcome the resistance of the point 11 under ordinary conditions, but will yield and permit the foot to pass the projection 15 in event of abnormal resistance or clogging of the switcl point, and thus obviate any danger of breakage of the parts. This is an important feature of the invention and adds materially to the value and efficiency of the invention.
In Fig. 5 a modified form of some portions of the structure are shown consisting in connecting a standard 12 to the free end of the crank member 15 by a crank-arm 4:3 and link 4: 1 and attaching a
triangular plate 45 to the upper end of the standard 42, the plate lying horizontally and relatively close to the surface of the tamping or paving. The foot 31 in this modified construction is replaced by a pin 46, extending for engagement with the plate 4E5 when the standard 25 is depressed and oscillated, as before described.
The modified construction shown in Fig. 5 may be employed under some circumstances, if required, without departing from the principle of the invention, as the operation and results produced are the same in both structures.
The device is simple in construction, certain in its action, easily operated, and may be applied to any of the various constructions of switch-rails in ordinary use.
Having fully described the invention, what is claimed is 1. In a switch operating mechanism, a movable switch-point, means connected for operating said switch-point from in advance thereof, a standard mounted for oscillation and likewise swinging vertically from a car and terminating in a lateral foot member, and means underthe control of the occupant of the platform of the car for consecutively oscillating and swinging said standard to cause said foot member to engage said switch-operating means from either side.
2. In a switch operating mechanism, a movable switch-point, means connected for operating said switch-point from in advance thereof, a standard mounted for oscillation and likewise swinging vertically from a car and terminating in a lateral foot member, means under the control of the occupant of the platform of the car for consecutively oscillating and swinging said standard to cause said foot member to engage said switch-operating means from either side, and springs bearing upon opposite sides of said standard and maintaining the same yieldably from lateral movement.
3. In a switch operating mechanism, a movable switch-point, a rod mounted for oscillation and extending in advance of the switch-point and with a vertical projection at the advanced end, coupling means between said rod and said switch-point, a standard mounted for oscillation and likewise swinging vertically from a car and terminating in a lateral foot member, and means under the control of the occupant of the platform of the car for consecutively oscillating and swinging said standard to cause said foot member to engage said projection of said rod from either side.
4. In a switch operating mechanism, a movable switch-point, means connected for operating said switch-point from in advance thereof, a standard mounted for oscillation and likewise swinging vertically from a car and provided at one end with a lateral foot and at the other end with laterally-extending arms, a standard supported for rotation through the platform of the car and provided at one end with an operating-handle and at the other end with laterally-extending arms, and connecting means between the arms of said platform-standard and the arms of said swinging standard.
5. In a switch operating mechanism, a movable switch-point, means connected for operating said switch-point from in advance thereof, a supporting-frame for connection to a car and having a transverse shaft, a bracket mounted for rotation upon said shaft and having a stop-lug extending therefrom, a standard rotatively supported in said bracket and terminating in a laterally-extending foot a lateral foot, springs bearing against said bracket from opposite sides for maintaining the same yieldably in position upon said shaft, and means for actuating said standard.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own have hereto aflixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
REISON (J. \VRIGl-IT.
GEO. lRWIN, R. J. Vmmuu.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US24421605A US789582A (en)||1905-02-04||1905-02-04||Switch-operator.|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US24421605A US789582A (en)||1905-02-04||1905-02-04||Switch-operator.|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US789582A true US789582A (en)||1905-05-09|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US24421605A Expired - Lifetime US789582A (en)||1905-02-04||1905-02-04||Switch-operator.|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US789582A (en)|
- 1905-02-04 US US24421605A patent/US789582A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
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